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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (April 25, 1918)
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THE BEE: OMAHA, THURSDAY, APRIL 25, 1918
Conducted by Ella Fleishman
.War Wakes World
For Big Baby
By BEATRICE FAIRFAX.
The other day Miss Julia Lathrop,
head of the Children's bureau, Wash
ngton, D. C made a plea to save
one-third of those doomed three
hundred thousand babies that die an
nually in the United States of pre-
, rentable diseases.
The war has taught us the value
of the future soldier, so this year
ire are going to be extremely fore
handed and bave a third of the babies
ve have been letting die on account
the simplest hygiene, and a little nec-
, tssary care
If we are lucky we shall save
100,000 and let only 200,000 perish.
Herod might regard Our record a
little enviously. With our own, we
have done 'he work more thorough
ly than he did among the ancient
Israelites. There is no way of tell
ing what our happy-go-lucky policy
has cost us in the way of useful
citizens, or what supreme message
to humanity may not have been
silenced in the last wail of one of
these little cnes.
Out cl Darkness, Light.
"Out of tht darkness, light!" An
other year may teach us the price
we are playing for this rccklcsj ex
penditure of child life. A few more
drives on he western front, with
its awful toll of life, may turn our
attention to that which without
cynicism I thall call our great baby
Next year we may attempt to save
another hundred thousand little
lives. We may keep on reclaiming
our sacrificed innocents till our mor
tality list from preventable diseases
. no longer cries to Heaven.
In that millennial state of affairs
we shall have clean milk stations in
every city r.t the country, we shall
have an adequate corps of physi
cians that will diagnose and check
at the start those ailments that have
such a dread record, and every moth
er will be '.aught how to care for
ht,r baby not the way her grand
mother did but in accordance with
the latest developments of infant wel
fare. We will row regard the reverse
of the infant mortality medal. We
have in this country between eight
and nine million women engaged in
gainful occupations. I have no sta
tistics at hand in regard to the pro
portion that marry and become moth
ers, but perhaps it is not too much
to say that half of them live and die
spinsters. This is as unhappy and
shortsighted a policy as our disregard
of those 300,000 doomed infants.
We are as reckless in rgard to our
native-born population as we have
been in regard to our timber or coal
landj. We hire statisticians who draw
up for us appealing figures, but we
keep right on with the same old
We Object to Facing Facts.
We seem to have a curious repug
nance to facing facts, particularly in
the case of the self-supporting spin
ster. If she doesn't marry we have a
to Urgent Need
feeling that it is more "delicate" to
leave her to' her fate. I
We don't come out frankly, the 1
way the French do, and discuss mar-;
riage and maternity insurance, with
regard to the state. We do not say!
this woman has sufficient intelligence
to be economically independent, she
is neither a parasite nor a waster; we
don't realize we must look to this
kind of mother in our business of
carrying or- the state.
No, we watch her go to work and
we watch her come home again, year
after year, and we never lift a finger
to secure fjr her the home she de
serves and vhe children that the state,
But our puritanical silence seems,
at last, to be broken. The American
association for labor legislation has
begun to discuss a maternity insur
ance modeled along the lines that the
French adopted years ago.
All Pay Envelopes Contribute.
We shall take the case of a fac
tory, department store, or aggregate
of teachers, cr any other unit of men
and women engaged in gainful oc
cupation. Ari infinitesimal amount is
regularly collected from all pay en
velopes, whkh is turned into a ma
ternity insurance fund.
With this slight provision assured
there is naturally an increase in the
number of marriages among the em
ployes of that particular unit. Bear
in mind that everyone is taxed from
the beginning of his or her employ
ment, the fund increased automatical
ly with every pay day.
The benefit is payable to insured
women or the wives of insured men,
and it is equal to the regular sick
benefit of the insured. Eight weeks'
leave of absence is granted, six weeks
of which mus; he subsequent to the
birth of the child. The fund covers all
birth costs, proper medical and sur
gical attention and all necessary ap
pliances. The French have followed mater
nity insurance with a creche or day
nmsery system that is far superior to
anything we have in this country.
This is the next reform to which we
must turn our attention, day homes
where children may be comfortably
and scientifically cared for, while the
parents are down town earning a liv
ing. She Wants to Marry a Rich Man.
"But I don't want to work after I
ant married," a girl wrote to me the
other day. "I intend to marry a rich
man." Please let me say, these letters
on the subject of the self-supporting
married woman are not addressed to
this thrifty young lady or her class.
They are intended for that great army
of workers that singly cannot afford
to marry and in the face of bitter
economical conditions are forced, both
of them, to work or to remain single.
As a nation we have too long over
looked this class, we have let it die
out when we needed its pluck, its grit,
its stamina in the great American
melting pot. But we intend to reform,
not only in regard to the workingmen
and women, but also with respect to
those 300,000 doomed babies.
Red! Cvms Nts
The salvage department of the Red
Cross is overwhelmed with orders
during these house cleaning times.
One woman called up last week and
said: "If you society women truck
drivers would come up here and get
these old papers out of my cellar in
stead of having your pictures in the
papers you would be doing better
Owing to the rush of business it
has been difficult for the regular
force to attend to all calls. This week
in order to help out, the Woman's
Service league lent a helping hand and
tinder the direction of their captain,
Mrs. E. S. Westbrook, the following
women drove their own cars and
gathered salvage throughout the city.
Miss Frances Wessells, Mrs. H. G.
Jordan, Mrs. Montgomery, Mrs.
Murphy and Mrs. O. S. Goodrich.
Omekro-E-Xima Red Cross auxil
iary meets Thursday evening at 7:30
o'clock at the Social Settlement on
the south Side.
The Holland Family orchestra,
composed of two boys and two girls,
has been playing quite frequently at
the public work shop during the night
classes. They are to play again
The music section of the Omaha
Womans' Club turned in a check for
$55.25 to the Red Cross, the pro
ceeds of a musical entertainment giv
en recently by Mrs. E. R. Zabriskie,
violinist and Mrs. Edith Waggener,
pianist, in the First Christian church.
Mrs. J. G. McLean, 715 Dorcas
street, donated a beautifully made
red and white ribbon pillow and an
ostrich plume to the Red Cross.
The two Vellum girls, of the South
Side high school, made eight fine Red
Cross flags and gave them to the
There will be a meeting of all Red
Cross auxiliary chairmen at the
Young Women's Christian associa
tion Thursday at 4 o'clock.
Miss Gertrude Smith, who is field
secretary of the Nebraska nursing
service, will issue a call very shortly
for volunteers to take nurse's train
ing courses. Forty thousand women
are wanted in the United States to
volunteer for this work.
Word comes from Chicago that
more volunteer workers are needed
for clerical and canteen workers in
the war zone. Only the young wom
en who can pay their own expenses
( ind who have no relatives in the serv
ice will be accepted for the work.
Applicants may apply at the state
Red Cross headquarters in the Wead
Mrs. A. L. Reed returned from
Chicago this morning, where she has
been in conference with Miss Minnie
Ahrcns, head of the nursing service
of the central division. Mrs. Reed
will supervise classes in home nurs
ing, dietetics and first aid. which
will he conducted by the state di
yiaiuu. under Frank Judson.
Something New in Collars
Women's Clubs Help
Raise Liberty Loan
Total for Omaha
9Baby Stations to Open
Early This Year for
Better War Work
By GERTRUDE BERESFORD.
SLEEVELESS jackets or the effect
thereof are cropping out in a
hundred ways and will certainly
be a popular note in summer fash
ions. The scarf-like ends of the col
lar on this sports model are held by
a belt and give the impression of a
sleeveless jacket. White pongee, bor
dered with delft blue, furnishes a
charming color scheme. Delft blue
pongee outlines the deep collar, which
turns sailor at the back. The waist
is laced with a blue silk cord. The
pockets are outlined with blue and
this soft color again appears on belt,
cuffs and skirt border. The hat of
white straw is trimmed with a white
wing and faced with blue.
New Bread Delivery
The garrison of an Italian town
that refused to surrender was fed by
airplanes after its food supply was
exhausted. Several of the planes car
ried big supplies of bread, which they
dropped to the beleaguered garrison.
This is a new department in bread
deliverv service anit nn nnf t;u.K.
i to become 'common even with the
most up-to-date niauufacturers.
That the women's clubs of Omaha
were an important factor in raising
the city's total is shown by the re
sults of their efforts. They are credit
ed, under the chairmanship of Mrs.
Warren Blackwell, with a total of
$437,650 to date.
More than half of this amount was
contributed by ihe Woodmen's circle.
Mrs. Emma Manchester, Mrs. Mary
E. LaRocca and Miss Dora Alex
ander voted on the investment of a
quarter of a million dollars in-Liberty
bonds. In addition to this $3,700 was
raised by the young women employed
in the headquarters.
The Omaha Societv of Fine Arts
raised $46,800. Mrs. R. Kulakofsky,
chairman for five Jewish organiza
tions, has $43,850 to her credit. Mrs.
J. M. Metcalf and Mrs. Halleck Rose,
chairmen for the Equal Franchise
Micietv, raised $41,050. Mrs. J. B. Katz
reports that the total of $12,950 to the
credit of the Temple Israel sister
hood represents 98 subscriptions.
The Association of Collegiate Alum
nae has raised $1,550, all subscriptions
coming from its members, mainly in
$50 bonds. The West Omaha Moth
ers' club, having only 20 members,
raised $1,550. A number of these
mothers have sons in the trenches.
The Omaha Woman's club raised
The following woman's clubs have
bought bonds from their own treas
uries: Rockford college, $50; Alpha
grove (Woodmen circle No. 2), $50;
John T. Yates grove (Woodmen
circle No. 57), $50; W. A. Fraser
grove (Woodmen circle No. 1), $50;
George Custer Woman's Relief corps,
$50; Christ Child society, $300; Scot
tish Rite Woman's club, $1,000.
Other clubs have reported as fol
lows: Daughters of 1812, $50; Royal
Neighbors, $50; U. S. Grant Woman's
Relief corps, $50; Daughters of Civil
War Veterans, $50; Daughters of the
American Revolution, $150; Rebekahs
No. 142, $150; Train School Mothers
club, $400; Bohemian alliance, $550;
Business Women's club, $600; Ma
sonic orders, $600; George Custer
Woman's Relief corps, $600; George
Crook Woman's Relief corps, $1,200;
Welleslev club, $1,450; Smith College
club, $2,750; Vassar College club,
Central High school Liberty loan
committee has reached the $10,000
mark. This was the amount the
teachers and students set out to
reach early in the campaign.
Canadian Approval of
Junior Red Cross
From Canada the American Red
Cross Junior membership has re
ceived an expression of approval
through the organization of resources
committee of the Ontario parliament.
Mr. McCready, assistant secretary of
the committee, said in a recent letter
to the junior membership:
"We envy you your fine chances
for good work on a national scale,
In Canada we have not had this op
portunity, as our educational lines
are sharply drawn within our pro
vinces. Of course, tne scfiooii in
general have done well; but, could
we have had such centralized direction
and immilses as you have in your
organization, we could have done bet
ter. School children help in Cana
dian Red Cross work to some extent
through the local women's organiza
tions, but not as district units."
Surplus Earnings Not
Spent For Clothes
A recent survey brought out the
fact that Michigan women are not
spending their surplus earnings for
clothes. Even the younger girls em
ployed as clerks at small salaries are
buying Liberty bonds.
Babies Welfare Work
Eighty-three babies were registered
and weighed at Pacific school Tues
day. While the total is a smaller num
ber than Miss Charlotte Townsend,
superintendent of school nurses, an
ticipated, the explanation is that this
is a large foreign district and the
mothers do not take readily to inno
vations until they are thoroughly ac
quainted with them.
Babies were registered at Edward
Rosewater school, where there was a
big response this morning, and at Cas
telar this afternoon. The work will
be done in Sherman school Thursday
morning and at Saratoga in the after
noon. Mrs. Joseph Tretiak, 114 North
Twelfth street, was so eager to have
her three babies registered that she
took them to four different school
houses before she got to the right one
at the right time when the nurses
were there. She took her children to
the city hall, to Cass and Comenius
schools before she finally had them
registered at Pacific yesterday.
Nell I stopped in at a bargain sale
Belle Did you see anything that
looked real cheap?
Nell Yes, several men waiting for
their wives. Philadelphia Ledger.
Several of the Visiting Nurses are
giving their time and valuable as
sistance to the baby welfare cam
paign. Miss Erna Andrews, who is a
graduate of the Child's hospital in
Boston, is giving her entire time this
week to this important work, and
Mrs. Jaske, a nurse belonging to
the South Side group, will give her
services next week. Mrs. Jaske speaks
three languages and will be invalua
ble to the committee in their work on
the South Side, as the foreign moth
ers are quite bewildered with no one
to explain just what is expected of
The bahv stations conducted by the
Visiting Nurse association will be
opened much earlier this year than
ever before. The saving of the babies
is such an important work, especially
in time of war, that the association is
planning more extensive work even
than in years past. The stations will
be maintained at the South Side So
cial Settlement, in "Little Italy" at
Sixth and Pierce streets, and at 1604
North Twenty-fourth street.
Miss Florence McCabe, superinten
dent of the Visiting Nurse association,
is especially fitted for this work, for
she has specialized in baby work and
has studied the problem from every
angle. Dr. Newell Jones and Dr.
Clarke will oversee the work also.
Miss McCabe will attend the National
Public Health and Nursing associa
tion meeting in Cleveland, which con
venes from May 7 to 12. This is a
national organization and welfare
workers from every corner of the
land will attend to gain new inspira
tion and fresh ideas for wartime work.
French Section to Continue.
Members of the French section of
Omaha Red Cross chapter, formerly
known as the War Relief society,
wish to correct an impression that
they have given up their work. The
surgical dressings making is still go
ing on in the Baird building as in
the past. The dissolution of the War
Relief society as a member of the Na
tional surgical dressings committee
did not cause the women to give up
their war work.
Mrs. Duryea Decorated.
Mrs. Nina Lanay Duryea, founder
and president of the Duryea war re
lief fund, has received her fourth dec
oration for her noble work of caring
for French, Belgian, Folish and
BaL .11 war refugees. Already she
had been decorated by France, Rus
sia and Belgium. Her newest dec
oration came from Princess Vera of
Montinegro in recognition of Mrs.
Duryea's efficient work in behalf of
Montinegrin prisoners in Austria.
The local Vassar club is sponsoring
the work of the Duryea relief in
"SO SICK AND
Mrs. A. E. Hager, 909 Lon
don Road, Duluth, Minn.,
writes: "I have been taking
your Cadomene Tablets for the
past month. They certainly did
wonders for me, as I was so
nervous I wasn't able to do my
own housework; so sick and
miserable. Now I can do all my
own work and feel good all the
time. My daughter and her hus
band have also been taking
them, and they helped wonder
fully. Thousands of sick, nervous,
impoverished, weak men and
women have found Cadomene
Tablets a true tonic and build
er. Try them if not perfectly
satisfied with results the pro
prietors will refund purchase
price. Sold by all druggists
"Bear" In Mind
Ws Best Bevd
A pure, non-intoxicating drink.
Banishes thirst Helps digestion.
Has the refreshing taste of hops.
Bear in mind CERW and ask for
it at grocers', at druggists', etc
in fact, at all places where
good drinks are
Forty United Profit
Sharing Coupons (2
coupons each de
nomination 20) are
packed in every
for valuable premiums.
CERVA SALES CO.
H. A. STEINWENDER, Distributor
1517 NiehoU St. Dour. 3842. w
1 m is
Service League Notes
N. P. Dodge took the largest bond,
a $5,000 one in the Service League's
Liberty bank Tuesday. Mrs. L. C.
Kohn, George W. Smith and Mrs.
Morris Miltier houpht $1,000 bonds.
Judge Day paid $100 for the privilege
of ringing the Liberty bell.
The Liberty bell cord broke again
Tuesday, worn with the strain of
much ringing. A new cord was sub
stittited by Mrs. William Archibald
Smith, chairman of the league, sai l
she was going to hold the worn rope
as a keep-sake.
Tom A. Hollister spoke from the
court house steps this noon and the
old soldiers' quartet sang. Major
Maher and his buglers will be at the
bank Tuesday noon.
Charles Floyd Flood, 419 South
25th ave., nine months old, is per
haps the youngest bondholder in
Omaha. His mother, who is deat
and had to write out her request, paid
the first installment of a $50 bond
with $4 in pennies. Edith Elizabeth
Hushes, 21 months old, of 215 South
20th street, is another youthful bond
holder. Miss Naomi Towle. who recently
returned from Philadelphia, has of
fered her services to the league to do
stenographic work. Miss Towle took
up her dutie this "morning.
Mrs. Hugh A. Hippie and Mrs.
Reed Talnwdge are the official book
keepers of the Service league. They
have worked faithfully on the yarn
books and the returns of the Liberty
bank subscriptions for weeks.
An attractive Service league pin
is given as a reward for 72 hours of
knitting. The knitting will be con
tinued all summer as requests from
both posts for sweaters and socks
continue to come in and to be filled
by the league.
New names for the Thousand Dol
lar club are Miss Marion Hamilton
and Mesdames F. A. Brogan, F. W.
Varley, Rachel L. Feic, F. S. Owen,
Angie B. Farnsworth, Olive Louise
Rix, J. Hclfman, E. J. Updegraff, W.
D. McHugh, Martha T. McDonald,
Ethelwynne K. Griger, E. F. Howe,
Robert Cowell, W. H. Yohe, Victor
Caldwell, Dolly S. Hogan, R. C.
Howe, A. E. Mach, Lillian D.
Stewart, John R. Webster and J.
Flour sacks make good dish towels.
Reception For Shipyard
The town of Alexandria. Va., has a
shipbuilding plant in active operation.
The Alexandria Red Cross Refresh
ment chrps, which since the entrance
of the United States into the war has
performed notable service in connec
tion with the various army camps in
that neighborhood, arranged a re
ception to the workers in the ship
yards, in order to give the stranger!
and their families an opportunity ?to
become acquainted with the towasv
--Quality and Style
is I H
WE say quality first, be
cause these days it's
economy to buy shoes
from a store of recognized"
reputation for quality, style
and reasonableness in pric
ing. There can be no doubt as to the
favor which will be shown econ
omy shoes for Spring wear. We
have provided an exceptional as
sortment to choose from in all
heights of heels and the different
The style pictured here is new
and is not only a very smart style
but a very comfortable one.
Shown in various colors including
Browns, New Grays, White and
Combinations, very moderately
$3.50 to $945
No Discounts v
Our Prices Will Not Permit of
"Omaha's Popular Price Shoe Store."
320 South 16th Street. New Conant Hotel Building.
To the Voters of
the City of Omaha:
We have been nominated for City Commissioners of the
City of Omaha, and desire your support. That you may know
where we stand on important public questions, we pledge our
selves to the following:
1. Every ounce of our Individual ener
gies, every agency of the city, and, if need
be, all of Its resources, must be dedicated
and used to win this world war; save
American Institutions and secure liberty
for our people.
2. We favor home rule for the City
of Omaha, and will work unceasinglj for
the adoption of a home rule charter. The
needs of a metropolitan city require that
we secure for our citizens the fullest
measure of self-government, and In
dividual liberty consistent with the con
stitution of the state.
8. Our people and our mode of living
cannot be made to conform to so-called
blue laws that have long been dead let
ters. 4. We favor municipal ownership of
public utilities. Better service at greatly
reduced eost to the consumer rebulted
from municipal ownership of the Water
Works. We believe like results would be
possible If other public utilities were
owned and properly operated by the city.
This, however, muBt be done gradually
and properties must be taken over oniy at
reasonable values. We urge the adoption
at the coming election of the proposition
to authorize the city to take over the
properties of the Omaha Gas company,
and we are opposed to the granting of
a new franchise to that company.
5. Recent disclosures In which only
a part of the facts were brought to light
make Imperative a reorganization of
our police department The police force
of Omaha must be made an active and
vigilant organization that will make life
and property in Omaha safe and secure.
It must suppress bootlegging. It oust
not take its orders from any outside
8. We would extend the establishment
of social centers. This city must protect
the moral welfare and promote the edu
cation of our young people. To that end
sufficient places of recreation, amuse
ment, and social lite should be provided
where the influence and temptations tuat
attend many similar places conducted for
profit can and will be eliminated.
7. Regrettable contests between em
ployers and employes resulting in strikes
and lock-outs should be unnecessary; we
pledge the service of our administration
toward securing t basis of Justice and
right in these relations, and our good of
fices for mediation In all these con
troversies. 8. Election to a city office Is not a
license to place on the public payroll
relatives of the officials thus eleeted. W
are opposed to, and will not practice,
9. The times demand the strictest
economy In the expnediture of public
money and a reduction of the tax 'evy
to the lowest possible point consistent
with efficient government All iuxunes
and unnecessary expenditures of public
money of the city on non-partisan busi
ness principles and not as a part of a
personal or political machine.
10. We will Institute a broad gauged
program of public health and sanitation.
11. We favor and would encourage tha
Idea of intelligent city planning to pro
vide for and take care of future1 growth.
The Allied Candidates:
Friday Last Day to Register
If You've Moved, You Must Re-Register,
11 ILJJUIIULL I'JJ