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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (April 24, 1918)
The ; Omaha ' Daily Bee
VOL. XLVII NO. 266.
OMAHA, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 24, 191814 PAGES.
Oa T ratm. t HoM.
Km ttlaadt. Etc.. So.
SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS.
RUSH TROOPS TO
Germany Demands Right of
Holland ; Old Dispute May Culminate in Hostilities ;
Uruguay and Argentine Also pn
Verge of War.
Washington, April 23. Diplomatic dispatches today from
Berne said Hungarian troops have arrived in Belgium. Many
troop trains, it was said, tyure passed through Liege. The
presence of many Austrian was reported also at Antwerp and
The Hague, April 23. The Dutch cabinet met yesterday
in extraordinary session.
SENDS ULTIMATUM. O
London, April 23. Germany in an
ultimatum to Holland, according to
advices received in London, demands
the right of transit not only for
3ivillan supplies and of sand and
gravel through Holland, but also for
' war materials.
, ' The privilege of transit is asked not
i only on the Dutch canals, but also on
the railways. 1
A Germany has never before made any
claim of the right of transit for
" ivowed war materials and the yielding
"bf Holland on this point would be
:quivalent to the abandonment of
, Dutch neutrality.
GERMAN i RISKS WAR.
The Handelsblad of Amsterdam on
f Monday expressed the belief that Ger
many would not hesitate to use com
munication through Holland even at
the risk of war if it believed that by
doing s . victory could be obtained on
the western front.
: It was reported recently that Ger-
. many looked with disfavor, upon Hol
land's attitude toward the seizure by
the United States and Great Britain
of Dutch tonnage in American and
GREAT BRITAIN INVOLVED.
" Washington, April 23. The dispute
between Germany and Holland over
gravel shipments, dispatches to the
State department today indicate is far
trora settlement. The controversy is
a three-cornered one, involving Great
Last November Great Britain with
drew cable facilities from Holland
after the Dutch had agreed to permit
the-transit of sand and gravel through
Holland into occupied Belgium. In
February cable facilities were restored
when it appeared the sand and gravel
question was about to be settled as
a result of the conciliatory attitude
Germany had taken.
Argentina in Vf ar.
London, April 23.7-Uruguay and Ar
gentina are expected to declare war
against Germany at an early date, ac
cording to Berlin advices forwarded
... by the Exchange Telegraph's corre
spondent at Amsterdam. The Ger
' man newspapers have been notified to
prepare the public for this develop
ment, he adds.
Uruguay's relations with Germany
are known to have been tense for
some time. April 12 a Montevideo
dispatch said Uruguay had asked Ber
lin through Switzerland if Germany
considered that a state of war ex
isted between the -Uruguayan repub
lic, "as stated by the commander of
a submarine who captured a
Uruguayan military mission bound
for. France. If the reply should be
in the affirmative, it was announced,
Uruguay would declare a state of
var. si '
- Uruguay definitely broke diplomatic
.' relations with Germany by act of
--congress October 7 last, following the
Luxburg incident. Passports were
liandfd to the Gej-man minister and
the neutrality rule was waived as to
the entente allies. The attitude-of
Uruguay toward the United States as
belligerent had previously been
Argentina apparently has Keen on
the verge of a break in relations with
Germany several times since the pub
lication last summer of the docu
ments in which Count von Luxburg,
German diplomatic representative at
Buenos Ayres, advised the Berlin
foreign office, among other things,
; that a certain Argentine merchant
. vessel should be "sunk without trace."
Diplomatic Relations Off.
There has, as a matter of fact, been
little diplAiatic communication be
tween Buenos Ayres and Berlin in
this period, as Luxburg was handed
his passports and only remained in
Argentina because his health was
.represented to require treatment in a
Dispatches from Buenos Aires in
Feburary indicated a growing tense
ness in relations and growing anti
German sentiment Since then dem
onstrations have been held in the Ar
gentinian capital in celebration of the
entry of the United States into the
war and the Uruguayan authorities
have made it known that Argentina
lias agreed to place its armed forces
at Uruguay's disposal if Uruguay's
northern provinces, were threatened
by a German uprising in southern
I. W. W. Jury, in Sight.
"""Chicago, April 23-George F. Van
derveer, attorney for the 113 Indus
trial' Workers of the World men on
trial on charges f violation of the
espionage law, said tonight that "only
an accident can prevent the final
choice of a jury tomorrow." Nine
men iave been examined and tenta
tively accepted by botKsides
Transit for Supplies Through
CLERK FOR FEES
Starts "Test Case" to Deter
mine Validity of Law Passed
by Legislature Compel
Robert Smith, clerk of the district
court, is being sued by County At
torney Magney, representing the
county, to recover all fees due and
owing to the county. It is regarded
as a "test case" to determine the
validity of the recent lawpassed by
the state, legislature compelling the
district clerk to account for all fees
that come into his hands from all
Mr. Smith contends that the law
was not legally passed by the legis
lature. The county contends that the
law is constitutional.
The petition was withdrawn Tues
day from the files by Mr. Smith and
efforts to locate it were unavailing.
County commissioners assert that
Smith is withholding not only1
naturalization fees, which, according
to an amendment to the session laws,
he is bound to report, but also other
fees of his office, amoutning to thou
sand of dollars, and on which he is
collecting a substantial rate of inter
est which should be coming in to the
The commissioners recently made
a formal request to Smith to turn
over these fees, and he reported some
of them. It is understood that he will
refuse to account foi any of the
naturalization fees on the grounds
that the amendment was illegally
passed and was not intended to apply
to him, but to his successor in office.
By his refusal he has forced the
county 1 to undertake the expense of
testing the law, the validity of which
he has called into question.
Mayor of Michigan City
Arrested as Enemy Alien
Washington, April 23. Frederick
C. Miller, the German mayor of Mich
igan City, Ind., was arrested and
locked up as an enmy alien when he
came here today to discuss with
federal offic'als the prospects for
completing his naturalization. He
took out first papers before the United
States went to war.
MRS. STOKES HELD FOR TRIAL
ON CHARGE OF DISLOYALTY
(Br Aiaooiated Preu.)
Kansas City, April 23. Mrs. Rose
Pastor Stokes, lecturer and wife of
the -wealthy socialist J. G. Phelps
Stolces of New York was arraigned
before Judge A. S. Van Valken
burgh today and entered, a plea of
not guilty following her indictment
on three counts for alleged violation
bf the espionage act.
Judge Van Valkenburgh set the,
trial for May 20. Bond was fixed at
$10,000 which was furnished by a
The maximum penalty for convic
tion on each count is a fine of $10,000
or imprisonment for 24 years, or both.
Mrs. Stokes was arrested at Willow
Springs, Mo., March 22, after she had
made an address objectionable to the
One of the cases contributing to
the arrest and subsequent inuicment
of Mrs. Stokes, was the publication
of a letter over her signature sent by
her to the Kansas City Star, in which
she claimed she had been misquoted
in an interview previously published
by that paper. The interview was
obtained when Mrs. Stokes was here
for an address before the women'so.
timing ciuD. ronowing mis sne
spoke in several southern Missouri
towns, ontil her arrest at Willow
In her correction to the
said in part:
A heading in
in this evenines issue
of the Star reads: "Mrs. Stokes, for
government and against war at the
same time.' I am not for the govern
ment In the interview that follows
TO REACH TOP
BY WEEK END
Washington, April 23. Mes
sages reaching the treasury to
night indicated that in the re
mainder of the week the coun
try will witness the biggest out
pouring of Liberty loan pledges'
seen since the nation went to
war. Months of preparation and
the pas. two weeks of cam
paigning now seem to be bearing
full fruit, and reports to head
quarters tonight predicted that
whole federal reserve districts,
states and cities would reach
their minimum goals by the
end of the week and spend next
wees in gathering over-subscriptions.
The first evidence of the new
phase was the announcement'
tonight that $167,123,000 had
been reported today, making
the total obtained in the entire
country up to the present Sl,
657,678,800, or 55 per cent of the
$3,000,000,000 minimum. This
is the largest sum ever reported
in one day.
The Kansas City district's
record by states follows: Mis
souri, $20,467,300; Nebraska,
$21,323,900; Kansas, $21,300,850;
Oklahoma, $18,491,850; Wyom
ing, $3,380,600, and New Mexico,
MAJOR IN ARMY;
TO GO OVERSEAS
Dr. E. C. Henry, owner of Lord
Lister hospital, yesterday received his
commission as a major in the national
army. He accepted the commission
and expects to leave immediately. He
will arrange his business affairs while
awaiting orders to report.
Surgeon General Gorgas in a dis
patch from Washington informed
Major Henry that his duties will con
sist -oi hiehly specialized surgical
work with the overseas forces. He
will probably receive special training
in New York before being assigned
to the expeditionary forces, t
Major Henry is pleased at the pros
pect of serving in the army and says
he will be ready to leave as soon as
lie receives orders. "His desire to join
the American forces in Fraifce was
strengthened yesterday upon receipt
of news that his only son, Lieutenant
Frank Henry, had sailed with his
company for the front. Lieutenant
Henry received his commission at the
Fort Omaha balloon school.
Sie Lister hospital will be man
by Mrs. Henry' during Major
Henry's absence. She has been active
in the management of the institution
since it was founded.
Although no definite information
has been received, Major Henry ex
pects to be ordered to New York the
latter part of the week.
Iowa Laymen of Baptist
Faith Are Doing Their Bit
Des Moines, la., April 23. (Spe
cial Telegram.) Iowa Baptist lay
men have gone "over the . top" in
securing their quota of the $1,000,000
fund being raised by the Northern
Convention of the Baptist church.
The report of Wilbur Ciapp, Cedar
Rapids, campa'gn director for Iowa,
given .at the meeting of;the Iowa
executive laymen's committee, this
morning showed that $27,902.59 has
been raised in cash and credits, and
pledges amounting to $1,700 have
been secured. Iowa's quota in the
campaign was $25,000.
U. S. Uses Paris Hotels.
Faris, April 23. The Elysee palace
and the Hotel Champs Elysees have
been taken over by the American ex
peditionary forces. The buildings
willfbe used as offices and quarters
for officers of the American army.
filRS HOSE PJISTQR STOKES.
I am ouoted as having said: 'I be
lieve the government of the United
States should have the unqualified
support of every citizen in its war
"I nade nt such statement and I
believe in no Tuch thing. No govern
ment which is for the profiteers can
also be for the people and I am for
the people, while the government is
for the profiteers.
SHOT DEAD IN
Ram Singh Killed byx U. S.
Marshal Alter Slaying Chan
dra; Conspiracy Xase
Goes to Jury.
San Francisco, April 24. Twenty
nine defendants charged with con
spiracy to violate the neutrality of the
United States through plots to foment
revolts against British rule in India
were found guilty in a verdict an
nounced shortly aft midnight this
morning by a jury in the United
States federal court.
EDITOR SHOT DEAD.
San Francisco, Cal., April 23. Ram
Chandra, editor of the Hindu publi
cation "Ghadr," (revolution), was shot
dead in United States district court
here today by Ram Singh, another
Hindu, who in turn was shot and
killed by United States Marshal
James B. Holohan.
Both Hindus were defendants in the
trial of 32 persons, charged with con
spiring to foment revolution against
British rule in India.
Singh fired two shots at Chandra,
both of which took effect.
Shoots Across Courtroom.
Holohan, a giant, shot clear across
the court room, killing Singh with a
bullet through the back of the neck.
To clear the intervening figures
Holohan swung his arm overhead as
is done in "serving" a tennis ball, and
fired downward over the heads of the
United States District -Attorney
John W. Preston had just concluded
the prosecution's final argument to
the jury, when Singh, a member of
the "Ghadr" staff, rose from his seat
in the court room and fired the shots.
Ensuing wild confusion and a stam
pede for the door were quelled by
United States District Judge William
C. Van Fleet, who returned from his
chambers as the shooting began, or
dered the room cleared and placed in
charge of an army guard.
Feeling against Ram Chandra has
run high at various times in the course
of the long trial, because of testimony
to the effect that he hadSfatterted his
personal income with money intended
for the revolution.
Court Room in Uproar.
Kam Chandra and Ram Singh both
were dead when examined by phy
An investigation immediately was
instituted to ascertain how- Singh
came to have a revolver in court. In
common with other defendants at
large, he was searched as he en
tered court today. Inquiry was di
rected to learn, whether the search
had been lax or some one had sup
p!'ed the weapon as he sat in the
Belief that Ram Chandra had di
verted to his own use proceeds from
property which Ram Singh had turned
over to be used for aiding revolution
ary measures is said by federal officers
to have prompted the shooting.
CUT OUTPUT OF
AS WAR MEASURE
Washington, April 23 Leading
representatives of the automobile in
dustry came here today to discuss
with the fuel administration and the
war industries board a further cur
tailment in the manufacture of pleas
ure cars. v v
The curtailment, if made effective,
would restrict the manufacture of
pleasure cars to about 25 per cent of
the normal production. A 30 per
cent reduction already has been made
Two Women Injured7'
In Motor Car Collision
Mrs. James Ford and Mary Gor
don,, both giving their addresses as
1806 North Sixteenth street, suffered
lacerations of the head when an
automobile in which they were riding
upsetz-at Twenty-second and Leaven
worth street at 9:20 o'clock last night.
Miss Gordon also received a wrench
George Kindle, a switchmanliving
in Council Bluffs, was driving the car
and escaped ' uninjured. Witnesses
say another male occupant of the car
crawled from the wreckage and ran.
-The car driven by Kindle collided
with a'-; car driven by William Mickel
of the Nebraska Cycle company.
Kindle, who was arrested and charged
with being drunk and with reckless
driving, was later released on bond.
The injured women were taken to
the police station where their injuries
were dressed by Police Surgeon
Mullen. Later the were taken home.
' War Against Germany
Washington. April 23. The de
claration of the Guatemalan pa
tional assembly that Guatemala oc
cupies the same position toward the
European belligerents as does the
United States constitutes a declara
tion of war pn Germany and its al
lies, the Guatemalan minister, Senor
Don Joaquin Mendez, today an
nounced. The action was taken, the
minister's statement reveals, as the
result of aa exchange of notes be
tween the American State depart
ment and the Guatemalan legation
SAYS VON STEIN.
OF WEST FIGHT
Amsterdam, April 23. Ad
vices rectived from Berlin say
that at a meeting of the main
committee of the Reichstag,
which was discussing army esti
mates, War Minister von Stein
made a statement on the west
ern offensive in which he paid
a tribute to what he termed the
splendid performances of the
"Our officers,'' said Lieuten
ant General von Stein, "once
again have proved their well
tried faithfulness unto death."
The war minister said that
some detachments had lost two
thirds of their company leaders.
"Our losses have been quite
normal, and in some cases re
markably small," Lieutenant
General von Stein continued. "A
great number of the wounded
already have been sent back to
the front, thanks to the devoted
activity of our medical officers.
"Our successes in the west
are to be regarded as a great
victory. From southwest of Ar
ras to La Fere? we broke
through the English positions
to a depth of 60 kilometers.
About 100,000 prisoners and 1,
500 guns were our booty.' '
"Afterward we drove the
French rom strong positions
across the Oise-Aisne canal and
beat the English again in battle
at Armentieres, capturing more
than 20,000 prisoners and 250
PASSES AWAY AT
CAMP TAYLOR, KY.
Sergeant Kenneth Hatch of the
355th ambulance corps, stationed at
Camp Taylor, near Louisville, Ky.,
died Monday morning after an illness
of four weeks.
He is the son of Mr. and Mrs. E. J.
Hatch, 3819 Charles street, and was
26 years old. Sergeant' Hatch was
born at Grand Island and came to this
city with his parents when he was a
child. He was a graduate of Central
High school and previous to his en
listment in the army was employed by
the Nebraska division of the Union
Sergeant Harris was a member of
the Omaha lodge, Benevolent, Protec
tive Order of Elks. He expressed a
wish that his funeral be conducted
under the auspices of the Elks.
He is survived by his parents and
two sisters, Miss Helen B, Hatch of
Omaha and Mrs. Fred M. Johnson of
Oakland, Cal. The latter has wired
that she will be here Friday morning
to attend the funeral.
Soldiers on Both Sides
' To Be Granted Furloughs
Paris, April 23. "The best proof
1hat lhee is no cause for anxiety is
that Genera' Pctain has decided to
grant furloughs for the first time
since the German offensive began,"
said Tremiar Clemenceau to Marcel
Hutin, editor of the Echoe de Paris,
on his return to Paris from a long
visit to the French and British
Leaves of absence also are to be
resumed in the German army be
ginning with May, according to the
Reuter correspondent at British
headquarters in France, who ob
tained this information from Ger
man prisoners. The correspondent
added that this action suggested that
the "enemy anticipates a decision or.
the abandonment of the offensive by
Anti-War Party Wins
Late, Danish Election
Copenhagen, April 23. Premier Za
ble and his ministry retain a majority
of the seats in the Folkething, ac
cording to early returns from the
Danish election yesterday.
The voters returned 32 radicals and
.59 socialists. These parties have held
joint power during the last four years
and are credited with naving kept
Denmark out of the war.
The opposition parties, led by for
mer Fremier Christensen, liberal
leader, elected 68 members. It was
Dentnark's first election under the
new constitution, which permits wo
men to vote.
Nebraska University Will Become
TechnicalTraining Camp for Army
(By Auoclated Preu.)
Lincoln, April 23. (Special Tele
gram.) University of Nebraska
authcrities today received assurances
from Captain A. C. Knight, represen
ting the war department, that the
university will become a technical
training camp for draft men. Cap
tain' Knight completed his inspection
Of the university facilities today.
The Nebraska authorities have his
approval of the plan to turn over the
old university hall now practically
deserted by university departments,
since the -construction of several new
buildings, to be used as a barracks.
The housing problem was one of -the
drawbacks to the proposal to turn
the university into a camp during the
summer. ' The men will be fed at the
university of Nebraska cafeteria.
According to the plans worked out,
350 men will be given special training
at the University Citv camous in
"telegraphy, telephoning and telegraph
SUNK IN CHANNELS
TO BLOCK PASSAGE
Successful Attacks Made Against Zeebrugge and Ostein)
By Forces Picked From Volunteers of British Navy;
Officer Who Planned Brilliant Operation Is
Killed in Battle.
London, April 24. Two destroyers got inside the mole at
Zeebrugge and , blew up the dock gate, the correspondent at
Dover of the Daily Mail reports. The fact, he says, seems in
credible, but there appears no doubt about it. Some of the:
men who took part in it say they saw the waters of the Bruges
canal running out after the gate was destroyed and the ves
sels in the dock straining at their hawsers.
(By Associated Press.)
i London, April 23. In all probability the entrance to the
Bruges canal has been blocked effectively in consequence of
a British naval raid, Sir Eric Geddes, first lord of the admiralty,
announced today in the House of Commons. The result of tha
whole operation, Sir Eric said, was regarded as very successful..
While the operations was in progress, Sir Eric announced,
British parties were landed to distract the enemy. "-The officer
who developed the scheme of attack was killed. 1
PURPOSE OF RAID
ON GERMAN BASES
Attacks at Zeebrugge and 0s
tend Most Daring Operation
by AHied Sea Forces
During War. 4
Washngton, April 23. American
naval officers await eagerly the full
story of the successful French-British
naval blow against the German
destroyer and U-boat bases on the
The impression prevails here, sup
ported by certain facts regarding
American naval preparations, that a
carefully planned naval offensive
against the U-boats has begun which
is to be pressed vigorously until the
tidewater raiders are bottled up or
checked to such an extent that their
operations will no longer be a seri
ous factor. .
Officials here have been anticipaAng
developments in the anti-submarine
warfare within the ne,xt few weeks
that would establish a definite check
on the U-boats. American co-operation
in this effort is being extended in
various ways which cannot be dis
closed. Many Plans Considered. ,
It has long been the'belief ,of many
officers here that much could be done
toward bottling up the U-boats at
their, source their bases on the Bel
gian 'coast. The means to this end
suggested have been many, including
mine fields, increased ' numbers of
lights, surface patrol craft, new detec
tion devices, aircraft and submarines.
AH of these'and other elements enter
into whatever plan of operations the
navy supreme council has formed.
The raids on Zeebrugge and Ostend
were put through with a dash and en-
(Contlnwd on Tt Two, Crimnn Fonr.)
Nebraskans in Capital.
Washington, April 23. (Special
Telegram.) Giis Abrahamson and
wife of HoMrege, Neb., who hava
been in New Yrk taking leave of
their son who soon is to sail for
France, are in Washington
Mrs. H. H. Hadley and Miss
Esther Kendall of Lincoln are in
Washington returning from New
York, where they bade good-bye to
Mrs. Hadley' on, soon to sail. Miss
Kenall is the fiancee of Mr. Hadley.
line work; iron forging and iron work
and as many men will be trained on
the farm campus in automobile
engineering and tractor work.
The war department is planning to
put 90,000 men in camps for special
training by the end of May.N Captain
Knight said, and as many universities
as possible will be utilized.
Pope Benedict Plans '
Another Peace Move
London, April 23. Pope Benedict
will. make another peace move as
soon as the 'western offensive "has
assumed a new phase, says the
Neueste Nacrichten of 1 Munich,
Bavaria. The correspondents t
Amsterdam of the Exchange Tele
graph company telegraphs that the
Bavarian newspaper says the move
will take form of a "word of warn-J
ing addressed to the universal con
O STORMING PARTIES LAND.".'
Storming parties wert landed on
the mole from the cruiser Vindictive.
The casualties to the personnel, said
Sir Eric, were heavy in proportion to
the number engaged, i An enemy
destroyer was torpedoed at Ze
Two of the blockading ships wart
sunk and blown up at the entrancs
to the Bruges canal. The piling be
side the mole at Zeebrugge was
blown up by an obsolete submarine
filled with explosives.
, OLD CRUISERS,; v
"The raid was , undertaken "undo
command of vice Admiral Roger
Kcyes, commanding St Dover," said
Sir Eric. "French ! destroyers- co
operated with the British forces. Sbf
obsolete cruisers, all from 20 to 30
years old, took part' in the attack.
They were the Brilliant, Sirius,
inhigenia, Intrepid, Thetis and Vin
dictive. " '
"The first five of these were filled
witii concrete and were to De sunk
in the channel and entrance to the
two ports, if this could possibly be
managed. . , ,
The Vindictive, working with two
ferry boats, (.arried storming parties
to storm the head of the nole which
runs out from Zeebrugge. The Vin
dictive was specially fitted for land- ,
ing storming parties and was armed
specially for the purpose with flame
throwers, stoke motors and , that
sort of thing. s "
Force Picked From Volunteers.
"The men employed on the block
ships and in the storming and demoli
tion parties on the Vindictive were
bluejackets and marines picked from
a large number of volunteers from
the grand fleet and aavy and marine
depots. There was great competi
tion for the undertaking and v we
could only use a very small nroDor
tion of those who volunteered.
"There were light covering force?
belonging to the Dover command and .
Harwich forces under Admiral Tyr-,,
whitt, covering the operation in the
north. A force of monitors, together,
with a large number of very ,smalJ
motor boats, took part in the opera
tion, which was particularly intricate
and had to be worked to a timetable
and involved delfcate navigation on a
hostile coast without lights and large
ly under unknown navigational con
ditions developed since the war, with
the added danger of mine fields.
, Leader pi Attack Killed. ' '
"I should like to mention that the
'officer who developed the operation
"The hgh development of scientific
use of fog or smoke was one of the
essentials to success. It. was more
fog than smoke, which, combined with '
certain wind conditions,! was 'essen
tial to the success of the operation,
so as to protect the operation from
batteries which might have flanked it.
"The plan was, after An intense
bombardment of Zeebrugge by the
monitors, the Vindictive, with aux-'
(Continued on Tage Two, Column Tw.
Lord Mayor of Dublin Ask .
1 Passports to'Washingtbn
Dublin, April 23. Lord Mayor of
Dublin announces that he has applied
to Foreign Secretary Balfour for pass
ports for himself and his secretaries
in order that they may proceed to
Washington. ' - v
Liberty National Holiday .'. .
Proposed by Senator Smoot
Washington, Aprrt 23. A bill desig
nating April 6, the day the United"
States entered the war, as a national
holiday known as "Liberty day," was
introduced today by Senator Smoot
of Utah. y - '
Huns Shoot 14 Belgians, v
Including Priest and hm
Amsterdam, April 23. A -dispatch '
from a point on the Belgian border
reports that 14 Belgians, , incliu!':
a priest and a nitnY have been sr. "m
Antwerp on the charge of c$uio&
age. , -
r ..." ' " . ' '
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