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ha Daily Bee
VOL. XLVH NO. 267.
OMAHA, THURSDAY MORNING, APRIL 25, 191814 PAGES.
KJSu.V'iE'lk SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS.
on r nn nn
BY NAVAL ATTACK
Aircraft Observers Report Clear Break Twenty Yards
Wide in Zeebrugge Mole; Sunken Object Blocks
Greater Part of Fairway at Ostend; Crews
Tell Thrilling Experiences.
(By Associated Press.) '
London, April 24. Air observation shows a clear break
of 20 yards in width in tbe Zeebrugge mole at the inner end
nd that a sunken object blocks the greater part of the channel
in the harbor of Ostend, according to an official bulletin issued
by the admiralty. The statement reads:
"Following the naval operation on the enemy's coast
yesterday morning observations were made by aircraft and
bomb attacks carried out Observation was difficult owing to
the clouds, and on this account our machines descended as low
as 50 feet.
"A clear break 20 yards wide was observed in the Zee-"
. brugge mole at its inner end. At Ostend a sunken object was
seen lying between the piers and blocking the greater part of
the fairway. Numerous bombs were dropped on shore."
PIER BLOWN UP. Q
Dover, April" 24. The crew of one
of the British submarines which was
used to destroy the German piers at
Zeebrugge during yesterday morn
ing's raid was rescued, according to
- a member of the crew, by an escort
ing destroyer. The sailor said that
after the destroyer slipped the sub
marine at the entrance to the harbor
the underwater boat made straight
for the taget. A time fuse was set
and the crew abandoned the craft a
few moments later. The submarine
struck the objective and blew up.
The sailor said the pier was blown to
THRILLING STORIES TOLD.
Crews of the ships which took
part in the raid on Zeebrugge have
many thrilling stories of their ad
ventures. One of them has described
how, despite the fact that the Ger
mans discovered their purpose while
they' were still outside the harbor,
. they made their way in through
'heavy gun fire, the Vindictive reach
ing the wharf where she remained for
an hour and a half.
"A landing party was put ashore,
the seamen said, "and we captured
the German guns on the breakwater
and turned them around, firing them
. On the German fortified positions. A
far as we could see. there was not
place of any military importance
left we destroyed a lot
Landing Parties Left Behind.
we naa to leave many or our
landing parties behind, but they were
taken off by motor boats. One of
our destroyers received a salvo of
shells in her engine room and had to
be beached. She was blown up after
the survivors had been rescued.
ii r . 4
Aiotor Doats destroyed every
noating tning in sight, including two
German destroyers and some sub
marines. Those of the landing party
, who remained behind to continue the
work of smashing German guns
knew they would either lose their
lives or be taken prisoner. They
were volunteers and a brave lot of
BASIC PRICE FOR
RAW WOOL HAS
BEEN AGREED ON
Washington. Aoril 24. A decision
of the government to fix the price of
raw wool on the basis of that pre
vailing on July 30 last probably will
oe announced at the conclusion of
coherences to be held tomorrow in
Boston and this city. Wool dealers
meet in Boston and the growers in
The only question to be determined
now is wneiner tne wool ciu will be
commandeered by the government at
that price, or the wool merchants and
growers will voluntarily agree to ac-
cept it and supply army, navy and
civil requirements on the same basis.
, All wool clip in warehouses, that
being shorn now and all en route to
this country will be marketed at the
stipulated price under voluntary ac
ceptance ot tiie government s decision
T t 1 .
,, ii commandeering becomes necessary
tne government will control all the
raw wool in the country and that on
its way here at the fixed price. Army
na navy neeas tnen will be taken
care of first. The remainder will be
apportioned by the government for
tne civil requirements at the same
OUT ON SUFFRAGE
4 Budapest, Hungary, April 24. Dr.
Wekerle, Hungarian premiery ex
plained today in the Hungarian lower
house that the cabinet had resigned
because it had become doubtful
whether it would be authorized to dis
solve parliament in order to carry
through the suffrage reform measure.
Emperor Charles, the premier said,
had accepted the resignations of the
iininistry, but had asked the ministers
jto conduct affairs until the appoint
ment of a new cabinet.
TEN MILLION TONS
OF SHIPPING TO BE
BUILT NEXT YEAR
U. S. to Top All Records of
Construction in 1919 and
Increase to Be Continued
(By Associated Pres.)
Washington, April 24. The ship
ping board has decided on a sub-
stantiai i increase in its building pro-
planned for this year and indications
are that the increase will be continued
For military reasons the exact size
of the future building program was
not made public. From previous
statements of Chairman Hurley, how
ever, it has been estimated that the
construction in 1919 will be in excess
of 10,000,000 tons, the largest amount
ever built in any one year by any
Of the total tonnage next year, ap
proximately 8,000,000 tons will be
steel. Thirty-five of the yards build
ing steel ships and 258 of the ways
are on the Atlantic and gulf coasts,
and 19 yards and 66 ways are on the
It is expected that 2,500,000 tons
of wooden ships will be turned out
next year, virtually all on the gult
and Pacific coasts.
Must Develop Foreign Trade.
New York. Aoril 24. "Unless we
continue to develop our foreign trade
after the war, we can have no endur
ing prosperity" was the warning given
tonignt oy cnairman Hurley ot the
shipping board, in discussing at a
testimonial dinner to Isaac F. Mar-
cosson, magazine writer, the future
of the vast merchant marine which
America is building.
Mr. Hurlev nam tribute to the serv
ices of writing men in the war, who,
he said, have been "tremendous
factors in the conflict."
If there are anv men amonc vou
who doubt that we are going to have
a vast fleet." Mr. Hurlev said. "I will
simply ask you whethere you have
heard of a well known man in our
organization whose name is Charles
"We are buildinc shins not- 1nnp
for the war. but for the future nf
world trade," the chairman continued.
the immediate problem is first to
transport men and supplies to Europe,
but it must not be forgotten that the
lines ' of supply do not originate
wholly in the United States, but are
fed by streams of imnort of raw
material derived chiefly from the mar
kets of Latin-American and Asia.
Mrs. Catherine Furay, Pioneer
Mrs. Catherine M. Furay, age 77,
died at her home, 115 South Thirty
fourth street, at 8:45 last evening after
an illness of nearly a year.
Mrs. Furay was one of the oldest
and best known residents of Omaha,
coming here a half century ago. She
was born in Perry county, Ohio, De
cember 21, 1840, and was united in
marriage to Major John B. Furay in
1868, when the couple came to this
A member of the CatholiV rhnrrti
and for many years a communicant of
St. John's church, Mrs. Furay was a
woman who made the precepts of her
religion a part of her daily life. She
was active in all of the charitable and
benevolent works of her faith during
her lonjr residence here.
Motiest and rctiniier in her disnnsi-!
tion, her friends were numbered in
U. S. Senatorship Tendered
Speaker Champ Clark
Jefferson City, Mo., April 24.
Governor Gardner tonight tendered
to Champ Clark, speaker of the
house of representatives, the ap
pointment as senator to succeed the
late William J. Stone.
"I hope to have early advice of
your aceptance," the governor's
Washington, April 24. Speaker
Clark tonight received the telegram
from Governor Gardner offering him
the appointment as senator to suc
ceed the late Senator Stone, but de
clined to discuss it. The tendering
of the office to the speaker had been
expected by many members of the
house of representatives, but they
do not believe Mr. Clark will sur
render the speakership to accept it.
IN HOLDING HUNS
BACK IN PICARDY
j Sammies and Poilus Fighting
Shoulder to Shoulder on Sec
tors of 'Front Hard Pressed
During German Drive.
(By Associated Tress.) "
Reference in the official statement
issued by the French war office last
night definitely locates the American
troops which were moved from the
southern sectors of the battle line to
parts of the front which were hard
pressed during the great German
drive through Ficardy. It has been
known that they were somewhere in
the battle area since April 6, when
Stephen Pinchon, foreign minister of
France, speaking at Paris, spoke of
the Americans "fighting in Picardy
and sacrificing their lives to drive the
enemy from our land.
On April 10 dispatches from both
the French and British headquarters
in France reported the arrival of
American troops. This was prior to
the time when the French extended
their lines far to the north of Mont
didier. The French official statement
indicates that the Americans did not
move to the north when the British
forces were replaced by the French,
but held the positions to which they
were originally assigned.
Toul Lines Shelled.
With the American Army in France,
April t-i. mere is slightly increased
activity of the enemy artillery in the
region ot ioul, but the number of
shells tailing on the American lines
is still below normal.
rmy cmihiea men and non-com
missioned officers are on their way to
raenca to neip tne Liberty loan.
Regents, Unable to Aqree
On Accused Faculty Men
Lincoln, April 24. (Special Tele
gramsThe Board of Regents of the
University of Nebraska meeting to
night could not agree on the request
of the State Council of Defense for
action in cases of faculty members
who were alleged to have shown a
passive attitude on the war. The
board said there-was nothing to give
out and that it would meet airain in
Hears Death Call
every walk of life and she will be
sincerely mourned by hundreds.
Surviving Mrs. Furay are her sons,
Dr. E. S. Furay, Lake wood, N. M.;
Charles E. Furay, chief clerk of the
exemption board, Omaha; Rev. John
B. Furay, S. J., president of St.
Ignatius college, Loyala university,
Chicago; Mrs. Lee L. Daly, St. Louis,
Mo.; J. H. Furay, foreign editor of
the United Press, New York; Guy V.
Furay of Omaha and Mary C. Furay,
Omaha. . She was also mother of the
late Frank Furay, former county
treasurer of Omaha, and of the late
Lieutenant Clarence M. Furay of the
regular army and a former member
of The Bee editorial staff.
Mrs. Furay was the oldest member
of the McShane family and a sister
of John A. and F. J. McShane, and
Mrs. F.llcn E. Cannon. She was a
niece of the late Co'int Creighton
Teuton Minister Leaves The
Hague for Berlin and Dutch
Minister Also Is Home
(By Associated Tress.)
Amsterdam, April 24. The Het
volk announces that the German
minister to The Netherlands has left
The Hague for Berlin and that the
Dutch minister to Germany is on his
way from Berlin to The Hague.
The Berlin correspondent of
Xieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant, is in
formed by a person in authority that
difficulties have arisen in the negotia
tions between Germany and Holland,
and that the negotiations are not
The Hague correspondent of the
Handelsblad says that the question
of the transport of sand and gravel
and the use of the railway line
through Limbourg depends entirely
on the intentions of Germany. The
correspondent adds that the Dutch
government will firmly observe neu
trality, whatever happens.
Washington in Dark.
Washington. April 24. Washing
ton was without any official informa
tion tonight to throw light on the sit
uation between Germany and Holland,
and officials and diplomats could only
speculate on reports that Germany
had delivered an ultimatum to The
Netherlands government demanding
the movement of war supplies through
If the Amsterdam report that the
Dutch ministry has departed for The
Hague and the German minister is
on his way to Berlin, apparently the
step short of breaking diplomatic
relations has been taken.
Attacks Anger U. S.
Washington, April 24. The United
States is prepared to withdraw its re
cent offer of three ships to expedite
grain to Holland, if the comment of
Dutch newspapers, accusing the
United State" of duplicity in the con
dition that iqual tonnage should leave
Dutch harbors for America, is to be
taken as indicative of the feeling of
the Netherlands government and peo
Officials today expressed disap
pointment and surprise at the recep
tion accordeJ the offer of the United
States, whi.-h was based on a pro
posal of the Dutch government to
alleviate suffering from a shortage of
brcadsttiffs. The offer was supple
mentary to President Wilson's state
ment of March 20, when the Dutch
ships were requisitioned, that 100,000
tons of graii. would be provided for
Holland if ships were sent to carry it.
If Holland does not desire to take
advantage of the offer to expedite
the grain, the original offer to fur
nish grain still holds, but the time
consumed in sending ships from Hol
land to America will delay the relief
the United Mates is ready to grant.
Flyer Burned to Death;
) Wichita Falls, Tex., April 24. An
instructor and a cadet were burned to
death when the plane in which they
were riding exploded and fell to the
earth near the camp this morning.
! Details hav; not reached Call field
Major General Treat, Who
Takes West Command
San Francisco. April 24. Major
General Arthur Murray has hqcn or
dered relieved from command of the
western department of the army, ac
cording to a message received today
from the War department. Major
General Charles G. Treat, now com
manding at Camp Sheridan, Ala., has
been appointed to the post, to take
, effect upon his arrival hciej
j v .., , , i 1 - 'lfj
Major Thaw and American
Aviator 8 Win Laurels
1 1 i
I . i
1 l inn mn A- J
Washington, April 24. A dispatch
from Paris today relates American
air exploits as follows:
"Major William Thaw, commander
of the Lafayette squadron, on April
20 scored a splendid douhle victory,
bringing down in turn a Drachen and
a monoplane. These two victories
permit him to be enrolled among the
prize aviators. Since he assumed the
command of the glorious unit he
seems to have particularly distin
guished himself. Since March 27 he
has already triumphed over his third
adversary. Major Thaw evidently
wishes to set an example and many
of his compatriots will take their
places within a short time among the
air champions. Notable among them
are Captain Biddle, Lieutenant Baer,
nine victories, four of which were of
ficial in the space of 43 days, and Ser
IN LIMA BURNED;
WATER MAIN CUT
Lake Erie & Western Plant
Wiped Out by Mysterious
Fires Starting Simultane
ously at Three Places.
(By Annoclated VrrtH.)
Lima, O., April 25. Three fires,
starting simultaneously, in the Lake
Erie & Western shops here last
night, had practically wiped out the
$500,000 plant and were sthill raging
early this morning.
Water pressure has been cut at
some unknown point, while federal
agents report thut the hose was cut
in two places with a knife. One man
is being held by the police.
Three firemen are missing, one is
in the hospital unconscious, a work
man is seriously injured, Fire Chief
John Mack, badly cut and several
Another fire in a distant part of
town is still buruinR. Homes of sever
al foreigners are reported afire.
Flames at Three Places.
The railroad shop fire followed a
blaze at the same place two hours
earlier in the evening. Later, railroad
officials say, flames were discovered
at three different places in the plant.
They spread rapidly.
Ten to 14 locomotives urgently
needed in war work, a new train of
troop coaches, just completed, in the
shops and many other coaches, as well
as a score or more of box cars were
Ten thousand dollars worth of Lib
erty bond subscriptions were burned
in the office of the shops.
Fortress of Sebastopol
Railway Cut by Germans
Berlin, via London, April 24. An
official .statement says:
"Troops commanded by General
von Der Goltz have taken the railway
junction at Khyuvinge and Riklim
yaki, Finland, and established com
munications with the Finnish army
north of Lakhti. In the Crimea,
troops under the command of General
Kosch have reached Simefcropol."
Kansas City District Claims
To Have Reached Loan Quota
Washington, April 24
plea for local campaign committees
not to stop working after communi
ties reach their Liberty loan subscrip
tion quotas went forth today from
Secretary McAdoo, prompted by re
curring reports that workers in some
towns are satisfied with 100 per cent
"If we stop fighting when we have
reached the minimum of the Liberty
loan," said the secretary, "wc are not
comparably sustaining our sons in
France who are fighting, not for the
minimum, tut for the maximum of
America's rights and world liberty."
At the rate the country is subscrib
ing this week, the loan will be slight
ly oversubscribed, but treasury offi
cials arc hoping for a total of at least
$5,000,000,000. The aggregate of re
ports up to the opening of business
today is $,7W,m,5U) which is $132,-
WEDGE IS DRIVEN
IN BRITISH FRONT
SOUTH OF S0MME
Field Marshal Reports Loss of Village of Villers-Breton
neux After Severe Fighting ; Attacks Repulsed at
Other Points; Huns Launch Big Offen
sive on Lawe River.
' (By Associated Press.)
After three weeks of preparation in the Somme, during
which time they launched an offensive in Flanders, the Ger
mans have resumed their hammering at the front door of
For days there has been heavy artillery firing along the
northern sectors of the Somme salient, and finally the German
infantry began their attempts to advance on the line passing
Villers-Bretonneux, Hangard, Gailles and Castel
The first attacks were repulsed, but subsequent attacks
centering about Villers-Bretonneux have caused a British with
drawal from this village, according to a report from Field Mar
shal Haig. This marks a German gain of about a mile.
JOHN 0. RYAN TO
FOR UJ. ARMY
General Kenly Made Chief of
New Division of Military
Aeronautics to Control
Training of .Aviators.
(Ily Apmnclnled I'rrHH.)
Washington, April 24. Direction of
the army's great aircraft production
program has been placed in the hands
of a civilian, John D. Ryan, copper
magnate, railroad man and financier.
Secretary Baker announced the step
tonight, disclosing at the same time
a reorganization of the signal corps,
under which the aviation section vir
tually is divorced from the corps
proper, heretofore supreme on all
questions. With actual production
turned over to a civilian division
headed by Mr. Kyan, Brigadier Gen
eral William L. Kenly is made chief
of a new division of military auero
nautics, to control training of avia
tors and military use of aircraft.
Major General Squicr, chief signal
officer, will confine his activities in
the future to the signal branch. How
ard Coffin, chairman of the air craft
board, and tinder whose direction the
building program has developed to
its present, stage, retires from the
board and relinquishes the chairman
ship to Mr. Ryan. The aircraft board
itself, create ' by congress, will con
tinue as an advisory body.
Control to Be Concentrated.
Throughout all the agitation over
delays and mistakes in getting quan
tity production of aircraft under way,
all critics have agreed that the great
fault lay in the absence of concen
trated control. The power of Mr.
Coffin and his board was subject to
the signal corps and this divided re
sponsibility has been blamed largely
for the fact that the program is about
three months behind.
Mr. Coffin himself made the only
official comment on the reorganiza
tion. "The appointment of a single indi
vidual with definite and adequate
power to deal with all aspects of any
aircraft production is a logical and
necessary step," he said.
Ryan Man of Many Activities.
The authority given Mr. Ryan cor
responds to that given Charles M.
Schwab as director general of the
emergency fleet corporation. He has
the task of speeding up production
in all of the many plants working on
aircraft for the army and ia given full
power in that respect. In the matter
of designing and engineering author
ity apparently is divided between the
divisions of military aeronautics and
Mr. Ryan's war work up to (his
(Contlnund on Tn Two, Column Hi.)
000,000 more than the total announced
last night. The average daily sub
scriptions necessary until the end of
the campaign are $120,000,000 to make
the $3,000,000,000 and $320,000,000 to
make the $5,000,000,000.
The Minneapolis and St. Louis fed
eral reserve districts were officially
reported tonight as having subscribed
103 and 102 per cent, respectively, of
their quotas and headquarters recog
nized the claim of the St. Louis dis
trict of having gone over the top
The Kansas City district claims that
unofljcial reports from banks show
that the district has attained its quota
of $130,000,000 and that the offisial
figures will prove this in a few days.
Governors of 12 states today wired
Secretary McAdoo that they either
had or would issue proclamations de
claring Liberty day Fridav a state
Q BRITONS HOLD HILLS.
Villers-Bretonneux is about 11 miles
directly east of Amiens and is on ths
northern end of the latest fighting
front. It is situated between the
Somme and Luce rivers, and while it
is flanked on the south by low lying
ground, it is backed by rolling hills to
the west and northwest.
The fighting on the rest of the front
where the Germans have resumed '
their drive toward the allied base of
supplies in northern Franoe has not,
so far as known, resulted in any
notable retirements on the part of the
allies. The German official report is
sued Wednesday was silent as to '
events in this sector of the front.
An attack on this particular part of
the line in the Somme region had
been expected and it is probable that
preparations to meet it had been
made. The British lines held firm in.
this region during the last days of
the initial drive, while the "Germans ' '
were able to forge ahead further south '
until they reached the- village" "of--
Castel,- about three miles from 'the
railroad running to Paris from
Amiens. Recently a French countec ,
offensive at Castel won back consider
able ground and it was evident unless
the line further north could be ad
vanced materially the Germans had r
little chance to make important gains
in their operations to the south of
Blow Struck at Ypres.
This new drive has been made at -the
same time that another blow has
been struck at the British and French
lines northwest of Ypres. Savage
fighting is reported at various points
along the line from Bailleul to Mer-
ville and Berlin claims that heights 1
to the northeast of Bailleul have been j ' ;
stormed. Coincident with these at-:
tacks, there have been assaults in the ;
Britisli forces near Bethune, along the j
Lawe river, but these have been r-:
On the front in France, with the ex-;
ception of the Somme salient, there i
has been little fighting of an unusual
CALLED INTO I
Ten Omaha nurses who have been
in training for oversea service have re-'
ceived notice to report at Camp Grant
Rockford, 111., and they leave for
there tonight. There they will be as
signed to real army work and con
clude their training prior, to sailing
for the war zone. The young women
are regularly er'-'sted in the Red Cross
corps and it is expected that they will
become a part of Hospital Unit No. 49.
Thyra Brandt, Harriet M. Brenen
stall, Edith M. Brannian, Alberta Dill,
Caroline Blammerker, Mayo Mori
sette and Esther Quist, Omaha Metho
dist, and Carrie Kolle and Pearl ".
Mar son, Wise Memorial hospital, ;
FOR MEN IN NEXT
Washington, April 24. Training '
camps to which the 150,000 drafted
men ordered mobilized next Friday
will be sent were announced today by
Provost Marshal General Crowded
The camps with totals assigned '
to each and the states from which
the men will come include: '
Whites: : '
Camp Dodge, 9,900; North Dakota,
Minnesota, Iowa, Illinois. :
Campt Funston, 9,675; Kansas,
Missouri, North Dakota, Nebraska,
Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona.
Camp Lewis, 9,920; Washington,
Oregon, California, Idaho, Nevada. '
Montana, Wyoming, Utah. "
Seven Persons Killed
In Wreck at Bayard -
Bayard, Neb., April 24. (Special
Telegram.) Seven persons are dead:
and five others injured in a wreck oaf
the Burlington near here today. A
fast freight train rammed .nto a wortc
train just entering the station, Alt the
dead and injured are members of tin
l tram crews ,,-