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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 20, 1918)
PAGES 1 TO 16
VOL. XLVIIl NO. 32.
OMAHA, SUNDAY MORNING, JANUARY 20, 1918. FOUR SECTIONS. THIRTY-SIX PAGES.
SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS.
FIVE KILLED AS RUSSIAN ASSEMBLY OPENS;
U. S. BREAKS BLOCKADE; SHIPS TO GET FUEL
o f- f ; ?
RAILROAD WO? IS EAST
RELIEVED AS COAL CARS ARE
Enforcement of Five-Day Closing Order Results in Little
Disturbance to Business; Food and War Industries
Are Not Affected By Fuel Administrator's ,
Recent Drastic Ruling.
Washington, Jan. 19. Reports to the fuel administration
today showed, transportation congestion throughout the 'east be
ing cleared and bunker coal being unloaded in increasingly
Few empty cars, however, have be-0
gun to move back yet to the coal; OUT DAvvtMLpR
Although much of the confusion at
tending the enforcement of the fuel
administration's five-day closing order
continued' today, it was evident that
its application would be far less dras
tis than first believed.
FOOD INDUSTRY EXEMPT.
A list of interpretations in speci
fic cases which probably will be
given general application was being
In addition' food administrators
gay be expected to make further ex
emptions in the case of food produc
ing plants and related industries.
Food Administrator Hoover yester
day interpreted the closing order to
mean that no. check would be pur
on the manufacfuring or distribution
of arty essential food product.
War Work Not Affected.
Considerable relief was expressed
by officials here when it was learned
that most of the plants engaged in
government war contracts had been
exempted. The country at large was
ignorant of, these exceptions how
ever, until late yesterday, when ad
ministration officials admitted thai
itnnnrtsnt war wnrt wnnld tint he
Dr. Garfield then made public the
list prepared by Secretaries Baker
and Daniels including manufacturers
of gas masks, explosives, machine
guns, rifles, small -arms and ammuni
tion; forging, electrical supplies and
tool steel for the government de
stroyers and destrov.ee jxarts;?ajrcraft
and aircraft parts: signal corps equip
-wentj -Wbm g, -Joeamotiveship";
equipment; woolens for uniforms;
tenting and optical supplies. s ,
Ship Yards Under Special Ruling. "
Ship yards were' not named in or
ders, but Avill continue' to operate un
der special ruling, as will virtually
an ore piouuLiiiK mines.
There will be no more general ex
emptions, it was announced, except
over : the signatures of Secretaries
Baker and Daniels. Liberal interpre
tations, however, will be given to
rules applying to raw material.
Backed by vigorous defense of the
president. Dr. Garfield today gave
his attention to the situation at At
lantic ports. Immediate improvement
in the situation is expected and more
than a million tons of shipping de
tained will be on its way in a short
Backed by Wilson, t
In the face of President Wilson's
statement that . the . order was issued
with his full acknowledge and ap
proval and another explanation from
Dr. Garfield. declaring, that the rail
road congestion is threatening the
food supply,- vigorous opposition in
congress apparently has spent itself.
'On instructions from Director Gen
eral McAdoo to-co-operate with the
fuel administration, railroad officials
set about directing coal shipments.
Few violations have, been noted by
fuel officials and these, it was be
lieved, were 'due ' to" misunderstand-
Serious consideration was given by
Fuel Administrator Garfield today to
the request of theaters that they be
permitted to close on Tuesdays
rather than on Mondays.
It was indicated that the change
might be nade.
Wilson Opposes Creation
Of Munitions Director
Washington, Jan. 19. It was stated
officially today that President Wil
son's opposition to the creation of a
minister of munitions with a cabinet
rant extends to the proposed crea-
tion pt a director or mu, o, m .
ciah1ifiment of a war council ol
director or munitions ana
He is said to feel that the proposed
laws would have the same effect as
that to which he was opposed.
For Nebraska Fair; continued
-old, 1 . .
Temperatures ( urnans leBienwj.
1 8F" I a p.
I I 4 p. m
1 T p. m
' Coinparoiivt I-wal Rrroril.
I 1918. 1917. 1916. 1915
Highest rKterday ... 15 43 3 31
Lowest ypsttrday ... 23 14 IT
Mean temperature .. 12 S3 23 24
I'recipltatlon & -r2 -07
Temperature and precipitation departure
from the normal:
Normal temperature !0
Deficiency for the day
Total deficiency elnce Mafckj 1 12
Normal precipitation 02 Inch
Ieflclency for the day 62 Inch
Total rainfall since March 1.... 22.11 Inchei"
deficiency elnce March 1 7.68 inches
Deficiency for cor. period 1917. 12. 7 lnchen
Delicieucy for cor. period, 191. 1.75 lncaea
IV. mm 1 K u m 11
u?M. imtf P m
7 ft m 7 n 12
ft vJJ A 8 12
&f ' a. m 12
7 s I 10 a. m 13
SylV W 1 p. m i 16
- 3 p. m M
uui I nuuLnuui
TRAINS TO SPEED
M'Adoo May Take Drastic Step
to Relsase Locomotives for
Needed Service in Eas
(By Associated Press.)
Washington, Jan. 19. The railroad
situation in the middle west is so
serious ,thhat Secretary McAdoo, di
rector general of the railroads, may
suspend half of the present passen
ger trains for two days to release
locomotives for freight.
At the same time the railroad
administration was rushing locomo
tives out of repair shops and from
railroads in the west to help get
trains through the heavy snowdrifts
in states along the Ohio river.
The railroads of the middle west
were reported moving only from 20
to 40 per cent of their normal freight.
Speed Ship Loading.
Freight congestion on wharves
along the Atlantic seaboard, officials
said, will continue until ships are
bunkered and set free. The shipping
board and the War and Navy de
partments turned. -their attention to
speeding up loading arrangements'
and perfecting a-plan --for more ef
ficiency in loading and unloading.
Theaters today won their appeal
for a tnodifi&tioh! of the closing of
der to permit them t,remain open
on the Monday holidays and close
The fuel administration today ruled
that lumber mills working on emerg
ency fleet contracts are exempt from
the order, but at the same time it re
fused to exempt a long list of, indus
tries which government officials want-i
ed exempted hecause they are de
clared to be working on war orders.
A few reports of violaticn of the
order reached the fuel administration
today. These were turned over to the
Department of Justice for investiga
tion. Fuel Flows to Homes.
A iteadily increasing flow of fuel to
ships, homes and public utilities was
reported to the fuel administration to
day 28 a result of the second day's
enforcement of the fuel restriction
Apparently the railroad congestion
had not yet been much affected by
the order but milder weather condi
tions had! improved the situation in
the east and at the same time bad
weather paralyzed traffic again in the
Business interests today seemed" to
feel better about the government's
action and hundreds of telegrams
reached the White House and the
fuel administration assuring the gov
ernment of co-operation and a will
ingness to undergo sacrifices as a
Coal Reaches Seaboard.
Coal was reported today reaching
the seaboard in greater volume than
any time in the last few weeks. The
movement, if kept up, it was declared,
will make it possible to bunker and
send out all ships now held in port
by lack of fuel.
Homes and public utilities were re
ceiving supplies of fuel diverted from
the industries closed down.
Coal production for the next few
days probably will be far below nor
mal, but fuel administration omciais
expect it to increase as soon as the
fl f t- undef
Flyer3 Stage Balloon Flight.
A free balloon flight was made Sat
urday from Fort Omiha. Lieutenant
L. B. bchrff piloted the. big gas bag
The northwest wind carried the bal-
.oon into southeastern Iowa.
McGuire and Fitzgerald Mix
Over What Constitutes a Home
City Prosecutor McGuire and Po
lice Judge Fitzgerald, after Saturday
morning's session of police court, ex
changed words which would not be
exjrtted at a peace parlance.
Luci'le Reed, Fourteenth and Jack
son streets, was tried on a charge of
illegal possession of intoxicants. She
was defended by Lloyd Magney and
entered a plea that a bottle of whisky
which was found in her ilace was
taken from her "home" within the
meaning of the prohibitoiy amend
ment. She testified, however, that
she main'ained a rooming house an. I
a policeman testified that he had
known d.srepiitable ' women to fre
quent her place.
Prose.-ufor M:Guire contended that
by the woman's own testimony she
U IW . 1 ill man -rZJ
WAR STAMP MARK
N EARS MILLION
AS DRIVE CLOSES
Hundreds of People Volunteer
to Sell "Baby Bondsf Sub
scrjptions Pour. Into Cam 4.
HI paign -Headquarters. t
Omaha committee of .)he war
stamps drive has gone over the $750,-
000 mark in subscriptions. It is ex
pected that when figures are totalled
sometime after midnight tonight the
total will be found crowding closely
upon the heels of $1,000,000.
Omaha people have responded with
a generous spirit, and the workers
fairly tumbled Over themselves to get
to serve on the teams selling the
stamps. So many . volunteered that
.the committee was unable to find
places for all of them, though "shock
troops" were organized momentarily
and sent out to certain districts which
the committee had special reasons for
wanting to canvass at the moment.
Hundreds, of people who had not
been solicited came into the head
quarters of the ' committee volun
tarily and bought stamps and cer
tificates. Many $100 subscriptions
came in this way.
Following are some of the more re
cent subscriptions of $1,000 and $500:
$1,000 James E. Ludlow, W. R.
Adair, Guy L. Smith, Alfis Garrotti,
rideletfo tatonio, Mrs. frank Col
petzer, James 8. Kilkenny, Paxton
hotel, Klopp-Bartlett Printing com
pany, Joe B. Redfield, Mrs, H. H.
Fish, H. H. Fish, C. L. Farnsworth,
Billings Dental Supply company and
Major Walter btern.
$500 VVaite H. Squier". Nichol
Oil company, S. A. Houser, George
F. Reim, Western Motor Car com
pany. C. L. Gould, Studebaker
company, Joseph C. Weeth, M. G.
Colpetzer, Richard Kitchen, W. F.
Holmes, J. M. Hogan, Waters-Barn
hart Printing company, H. E. Milli
ken, G. F. Jones and Postal Tele
Railroads Want Increased
Rates From Missouri River
Washington, Jan. 19. Railroads
today applied to the Interstate Com
merce commission for permission to
increase export rates slightly on
packinghouse products from Chi
cago, Milwaukee, Louisville, St
Louis, Denver, Fort Worth and Mis
souri river points to gul: ports in or
der to restore pre-existing relation-
ships with rates to New York and
other Atlantic ports.
was amerable to the prohibitory law
and he asked Judge Fitzgerald
whether he intended to rvle in ac
cordance with the plea of defendant,
whereupon the judge flashed up and
"I don't wart any of your news
psper stuff in this court."
"I am willing to iack up whatever
I may a and if what 1 say is punish
able, then I will stand on what i say,"
responded the prosecutor.
Mr. Mi-Guire further told Judge
Fitzgerald that if he intended to rule
that livirg roo'iio in a "rooming
house' constitute a "home" within the
meaning cf the liquor laws, then he
(McGuire) did not intend to take any
more liquor cases to t'at court.
The judge took the case under advisement
Japs Land Troops
To Check Disorder
Washington, Jan. 19. Although
5 wo battleships, one British and one
apanese, are in the port of Vladi
vostok,' reports to the State de
partment do not indicate any con
dition ashore to warrant landing
It is assumed here that the land
ing of patrols from the Japanese
cruiser as reported last n'ht, was
due more to a fear that sorders
might occur and in order to be pre
pared if they did, than to any actual '
change in the situation, . , ,
OF WINTER OVER
Railroads- Prepare to Battle
Blizzard if Storm Becomes '
Worse; Perishable Freight
The heaviest snowstorm of the
winter in general over western Ne
braska and west to the Rocky moun
tains, according to reports to the rail
roads. Burlington reports indicate that
along the Wyoming line the snow be
gan falling early Friday night and up
to Saturday morning had attained a
depth of 10 to 20 inches over the area
lying between Edgemont, S. D., and
Billings, Mont. Temperatures are 20
to 30 degrees above zero.
Along the Burlington the Montana
and Wyoming storm extends over
into Nebraska, with three to six inches
of snow as far east as Alliance
Temperatures Around freezing.'
The Northwestern reports six to 15
inches of snow all the way across
country from Crawford, Neb., to Lan
der, Wyo., and still snowing. Tem
peratures are around freezing, or
On the Union Pacific the morning
reports indicated six to 18 inches of
snow from east of North Platte to
as far west as Ogden, Utah., with
three feet in Echo canyon, and at
every point along the line it was still
At no place along the lines is the
snow drifting. There is a little wind,
but nothing aki , to a blizzard.
Should the wind rise, a blizzard is
certain, say the railroad men and in
order to nght r succes?lully no
chances are being taken. Snow plows
are being put in condition and they
are to be run out on the lines upon
the appearance of the first signs of
. While the railroad officials are not
anticipating a blizzard, they are taking
all possible precautions tha; they may
be prepared for one. The loading of
live stock is not being encouraged at
country stations and perishable
freight is being held back.
Railroad men assert that the coun
try to the west is in good shape to
withstand the effect of a aiorm. The
cities and towns are well supplied with
provision of ah kinds and as a rule
the stocks of coal, while not large,
are sufficient to run several days in
the event trains should be tied up and
unable to reach destinations.
Gets Thirty Days Upon
Charge of Breaking Up tfome
Fremont, Neb., Jan. 19. (Special
Telegram.) Oscar E. Sallee. a car
penter, was sentenced to 30 days in
the county jail on a charge of vagran
cy. Sallee was arrested on complaint
of Judson Wren of North Platte, who
charged Salee with breaking up his
home.; . ' -
BIG SUM RAISED
Omaha Methodists Subscribe
More Than $23,000 in Na-
. ) tional Campaign; '. Ail -,
Omaha Methodists have already
subscribed more than $23,000 in the
national campaign for a Protestant
preachers' pension fund, according to
Rev. U. G. Brown, superintendent of
the Omaha district of the Methodist
The Methodists lead all Protestant
denominations in the aWut.t sub-
sc4lbed in the nationaf campaign. Rev.
Mr. Brown says the fund the Metho
dists have subscribed is already $12,
000,000 of the $34,000,000 total thus far
subscribed throughout the United
"We migh. have had a great deal
more subscribed in Omaha had not so
many other campaigns for money in
tervened," said Rev. Mr. Brown.
"Omaha has done splendidly on this
as it has on the many bthcr cam
paigns for the Red Cross, Young
Men's and Young Womcn'i Christian
associations, Liberty bonds, war
stamps, Armenian relief, and a lot of
other important work that came in
since our campaign for the preachers'
pension has been in progress.
Nebraska. Quota $400,000.
"The campaign still continues and
will continue for some time. The
quota for the Nebraska conference
was fixed at $400,000. Omaha's quota
was $50,000, as vas also the Lincoln
quota. Many of our Omaha men sub
scribed $1,000 apiece."
Other Protesant churches Jn the
city are working also on tMs cam
(Contlnurd on rage Two..CMuina Two.)
German Owned" Yacht Is
Seized by U. S. Marshal
New York, Jan. 19. The steel
pleasure yacht Joyeuse, said to be
owned by Emil H. Kleuge, an un
naturalized German of Englewood,
N. J., was seized here today by
United States Marshal McCarthy
Federal authorities said the
yacht, equipped with wireless, with
Kleuge on board and manned by a
Swedish crew, had been cruising re
cently along the Atlantic coast.
General Haig Announces
New Chief of Staff
London, Jan. 19. Among the
many drastic changes Field Marshal
Sir Douglas Haig is making at Brit
ish headquarters in France, according
to the Times, is the appointment of
Lieutenant General Sir Herbert A.
Lawrence as his chief of staff.
Price Fixers oi Food Body Slash
Cent Per Pound Off Cornmeal
Cornmeal has been reduced 1 cent
...! u.. .1,.
... T ti. ...... -f
1,1 wanna. new sc.icuu.c i
J fair prices recommended by the com-
' mittee lists cornmeal at 5 cents per
pound, whereas it was 6 cents for -
Rye flour is listed at $1.30 for. a
24-nnnnH sack, which is 10 cents
rheaner than tln former figure.
Eggs are listed at from 5 to 6 cents
per dozen higher. Storage eggs at e
listed at io ana W cents lor tn- tiesi
RED GOVERNMENT LOSES
IN FIRST TEST OF POWER
AS SLAV CONGRESS MEETS
Five Killed in Petrograd Riots;
Control of Constituent Body and Elect Former
Kerensky Minister Chairman; Bolshevik! v
May Ignore New Government.
London, Jan. 19. The Bolsheviki members of the con
stituent assembly and those belonging ta the left wing of the
social revolutionists withdrew from the constituent assembly in
Petrograd at its first meeting, according to a Russian wireless
report of the session received today,'
(By Associated Press.) f .
Petrograd, Jan. 18. Five persons were killed and a dozen
wounded by Red guards today in
attendant upon the opening of
On the first test of strength the Bolsheviki were defeated by the social
M. Tchernoff, minister of agriculture in the Kerensky government and
the nominee of the social revolutionists of the right for chairman of the
assembly, was elected by a vote of 244 to 151.
The candidate of the Bolsheviki was Maria Spiridonovo, long a prom
inent revolutionists, who was released from exile in Siberia after the over
throw of the Romanoffs. ' ,'
O DEMOCRATS KEEP AWAY.
BY THE KAISER
Scarcity of Food in Germany is
Becoming Serious; People
; Are Restjes But Afraid
.(IV AkMctetaJ rrM.) ,'.;'
British "'Army Headquarterl
France, Jan. 19. Small infantry raids,
with the customary amount of artil
lery and air activity by both sides
continue to be the order of the day
along the British front. ;
Much milder weather, accompanied
by rain, has swept away the last, of
the snow, but the mud remains as
the dictator of military affairs.
The opposing forces are continuing
their . wily feeling-out processes
throughout the long line by making
surprise incursions into each other's
trenches and returning with a few
The British lately have secured
captives in this way.
Prisoner Outlines Situation.
One prisoner, who had thrice been
wounded, made a statement in sub
stance as follows:
"The scarcity of food at home is
very serious, xnere is nttie meat ana
fatty substances and virtually no
bread. Potatoes are very expensive,
although there is no serious shortage.
The people are in a state of unrest,
but are afraid to attempt organized
"On Field Marshal von Hinden
burg's birthday small busU of the
general were placed on the street cor
ners in nearly all German towns. In
most places the people had hurled
these to the ground before noon.
"In Cologne there are over 12,000
deserters in various prisons."
Promised Early Peace.
Another prisoner said that for a
year the German soldiers and people
had been promised an early peace.
Emperor William in reviewing a di
vision after the battle of Cambrai
said: ' ' . '
"Peace on the Russian front is as
sured. It remains for us to force an
early peace on the western front."
At Brest Halted
London, Jan. 19. The negotia
tions at Brest-Litovsk have been in
terrupted temporarily, according to
a Petrograd dispatch to the Daily
Mail dated Thursday, and the Rus
sian delegation is returning to Pe
trograd. The Germans, it is added, ap
peared to be maneuvering to force
the Russians to break the parley
over a minor point, bo as to throw
the blame on the Russian repre
sentatives in the eyes of the Rus
stoiage selects and the No. 1 stor
. ace. resuectivelv.
Only a few days ago the federal
. f . . . . unred .ex
consumption of storage eggs because
the food value of these will from
: now on deteriorate. At the sane
time the administration recommended
a wholesale price at basic-points,
such as Chicago. Pittsburgh. Atlan-
tic coas. etc. Now the Omaha deal-
J ers say there are scarcely any eggs
( left in storage in Omaha and there-
i lore tney raise uic yntc.
Social Revolutionists Gain
an attempt to quell disorder
the long-delayed constituent at-.
This defeat was administered with-
out the ' help of the constitutional
democrats, whose members did not
attend the opening session.
Much uncertainty exists as to what
effect the convening of the new body
will have upon the foreign and do
mestic policies of Russia. ,
There have been intimations from
the Bolsheviki side that the new
body would be ignored by the Bol
sheviki and an .independent legisla- r
tive body set up if the assembly,"""'
should definitely challenge the Bp3
sheviki power. ' ; - r I
, " ' 'Chafonan Was Under Fire; V "
-J i' lnsecalled that the chairman" of
me assemoiy, ai, iencrnorr, was un
der fire as a member of the Kerensky
government, being accused of pro
Germanism and of having relations
with the enemy. "'
He was afterwards rehabilitated,
however, and continued a strong in
fluence in social revolutionary circles.
In November he was one of the1 po
litical leaders who attended a con
ference at Russian headquarters when
an.. effort was under way. to form a
new government in opposition to the
Bolsheviki. ' . .-'';'.
Some disorder preceded the open
ing of the assembly, five persons he
i j killed and. a dozen wounded in
street fighting. ' " y
Relations between the' Bolsheviki
and Roumania are at the breaking
point. The Ninth Russian army has
demanded that the Roumanian army
on two hours', notice permit the Rus
sians free passage through Jassy. ,
i Allies Protect King.
Kine Ferdinand, whose arrest has
been ordered by Premier Lenine, is
reported to be under the protection
of thch entente allies.'
In Italy, as in France, the fighting
fronts have settled down to :the
usual winter routine of raids and ar
tillery duels at various points. )
There has been no break , in the
monotony on the western front, the
pntisn portion or wnicn., is. now :
sea of mud, the snow haying disap
peared. . . " ' ' f
Briti-h laboring men - have- been
told by Premier Lloyd George that
the new man power bill is urgent
and that Great Britain "must either
go on or go under. '.
He praised the war-aims ot rresK
dent Wilson and declared he wanted
to be informed if any man could find
an honorable and equitable way .out
of the war without -fighting it
through to overthrow, German mili- .
The premier said he was to appeal
to the country on the army issue ,
Body of Vrank H.You,ig,
Drowned at Pensacola, Found
Broken Bow, Neb-, Jan. 19. (Spe
cial.) A telegram was received here
today by H. Lomax stating that the
bod v of Frank' H.- Young, lost' off
"the coast of Florida between Decem
ber 24 and 26 last, has been recover
ed and turned over to an undertaker
at Pensacola. James Lomax, Yuong's
son-in-law, leaves here . tonight for
the latter place to identify and bring
home the remains. Alpha Morgan,
who was the last to see Young alive,
returned, to Broken M Bow the first ;
of the week after having conducted
an active search for the body 4 '
Third Balloon Squadron u -,
Leaves for Atlantic Port
The Third ' Balloon squadron, in
training at Fort Omaha for several
months, left Thursday afternoon at $
o'clock for "an Atlantic seaport. .The
squadron consisted of about 500 offi-,
cers and-men. Baggage for the de
tachment left several days prior t$ ,
the departure of the men. i - j.-'r"
The destination of the troops is not .
known, but it is believed they will be
sent to France within a. few weeks.
Additional training in eastern artillery
camps is possible, but not thought
probable by the men in tire" camp.
The squadron -was undtr the corn
mind of Major Bosttcher, . ,
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