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Omaha. Daily B
VPL. XLVII NO. 185.
OMAHA, SATURDAY MORNING, JANUARY 19, 1918. SIXTEEN PAGES
On Trii, it Hotel.
Ntwt Stn4, lie, J.
SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS
Stamp Oul the War
War Savings Stamps
EARLY CLOSING AND LATE
OPENING OF RETAIL STORES
OF OMAHA IS RECOMMENDED
Fuel Administrator Kennedy Makes the Suggestion,
Which is Accepted by the Associated Retailers
of Omaha; Is to be Effective
Recommendations of Federal Fuel
Administrator Kennedy regarding late
opening and early closing of stores
and other places of business have
been endorsed by Associated Retail
ers of Omaha and will be in effect
beginning next Monday.
Mr. Kennedy requests and expects
this movement to be state-wide. He
has received information that Mayor
Miller of Lincoln is backing this con
servation measure in the capital city.
"I believe every reasonable move
ment for the conservation of fuel
should have the whole-hearted sup
port .of the people of Nebraska. Vol
untary compliance now may avoid
more drastic regulations by the
United States fuel administration,"
said Mr. Kennedy.
Charles E. Black and J. W. Met
calfe, president and secretaiy, respec
tively, of the Associated Retailers..
subscribed their signatures to Mr.
Remedy's recommendations, witH
this statement: "Under existing war
conditions the early closing move
ment is cordially recommended by
the retail business men of the state."
Kearney Police Arrest Men
For Having Quantity of Booze
Kearney, Neb., Jan. 18. (Special.)
Kearney police have started to
work on "booze blockade" runners,
men who are bringing in whiskey
from Missouri and Wyoming.
Three arrests were made last night
and over 170 pints of whiskey locat
ed. Frank McCartney, a barber,
aljeged to 'have returned from a
trip to Cheyenne, Wyo., with a sup
ply of over '100 pints, stepped off the
train at Elmcreek and into a wait
ing auto driven by Frank Baker, a
garage owner. The chief of police
had been waiting for them and had
two men stationed to make the ride
back to Kearney with the pair .and
their booze. In the meantime
Chief Laughton was stationed at the
Van Housen, a U. P. railroad con
ductor stepped, off the east-bound
train With a heavily loaded grip, he
kicked the grip, heard a responsive
jingle and paraded to the city jail
with him. The. latter states that
he made the purchase of about two
dozen pints for his own use, at Lar
amie, ;YYyo.' , , .
.Northwestern on Carpet
Over Shortage of Cars
iFrom a Stafr Correspondent.)
Lincoln, Jan. 18. (Special.) Of
ficials J of the Northwestern railroad
company appeared before the State
Railway commission today," as .cited
by the commission,' to answer to the
charge that the company had not
been following the car distribution
rules of the commission,
.if Phey acknowledged that a shortage
existed on the road and that oerhaos
the rules might relieve the situation if
applied. " The road will be required
to apply the rules in an order soon
Urge President to Take
Over Packing Industry
s Washington, Jan. 18. A delegation
of , workers ' from the meat packing
plants-- called -on President Wilson
late today and urged that the gov
ernment, take over the meat packing
industry of the country.
Secretary Baker, Secretary Wilson
d and Samuel Gompers were called in
to the conference. The union work
ers contend it is essential for the
government to control the industry
because of the large number of
aliens among their. fellow employes.
Nebraska Snow, not so cold.
Temperatures at Omaha Yeotydaj.
p. m. .13
p. m 12
p. m 12
Comparative Loral Record.
1 91 S. 1917. 19115. 1915
JltlSliest yesterday 16 30 20 27
Lowest yesterday 3 17 4 17
Mein temperature ...110 14 IS 1:2
Precipitation 0 0 0 T
f uM mo noi
ure and precipitation departures
Deficiency for the day . 1')
Total deficiency since March 1 044
Normal precipitation 02 Inch
Deficiency for the day 02 Inch
Total rainfall eince March 1. . . .23.11 Inches
Deficiency Blnce March 1 7.66 inches
Deficiency for cor. period, 1916 . 12.85 lnche
Deficiency tt,i cor. period, 1915. 175 Inches
""i"ti rvnm Stations at I r, M, .
Station and State Temp. High- Rain-
,i i.e.. .. . 7 p. m. et.
' - .10
Cheyenne, snow 24
Davenport, clear ...... 26
Denver, cloudy 28
Des Moines, cloudy 12
Dodge City, cloudy 22
, . jm . . .. j .j 6 a. m 3
I ' 7
Zander, snow 2s
, North PIstte, anow 20
Omaha, elear 13
" Pueblo,, cloudy 24
Rapid City, cloudy 2
T Fait Lake, cloudy 34
. v fr'anta Fe. part cloudy.. 36
"i , heridan. Snow 30
F'"i. "'tv. i-lnr 10
,i Valentine, clear 8
1 u . ' i a nelow zero.
, i T Indicates trace of precipitation,
i L. A. WELSH, Meteorologint.
Opening and Closing
Time for Omaha Stores
RETAIL STORES OTHER THAN
Open 9 a. m., and close 5 p. m., ex
Saturday, open 9 a. m., and close
6 p. m.
MEAT MARKETS, GROCERY
STORES, FRUIT STORES AND
Open 7 a. m., and close C p. m., ex
Saturday, open 7 a m., and close 7
Open 7 a. m., and close 10 p. m.
All close except drug stores.
Arthur Mullen Said to Have Of
fered to Give Brother Charles
Support for Governor in Re
turn for Backing Neville.
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
Lincoln, Jan. 18 (Special.) It was
generally believed two years ago,
when Governor John H. Morehead
first'was mentioned as a candidate for
the United States, senate, that the
Hitchcock-Mallen influences were re
sponsible for the sudden shift of the
sgovernor as a candidate for the demo
cratic nomination for the vice presi
dency. It was also believed the gov
(Continued n Page Two Column Five.)
ENGLAND MUST GO ON OR
GO UNDER DECLARES GEORGE
In Stirring Address to British Labor, Premier Says Mili
tarists Are Dominant in Germany and They
Speak From Cannon's Mouth; No
Classes Exempt From Duty.
(By Associated Press.)
Premier Lloyd George, in a stirring address to British labor
today pn the man power 'situation, pointed out the urgent need
for raising more men for the army. .
"The people must either go on or go under," the premier ex
claimed, in holding up the danger to democracy in Great Brit
ain and Europe in' general if the people were not prepared to
stand up to the German military autocracy and fight it down.
AIMdWr.no BRITISH LABUK. U
No democracy, he declared,, had
ever long survived the failure of its
adherents to be ready to die for it.
Certain sections of British labor
have been demurring to the new man
power program of the government
and it evidently was at these inter
fsts that the premier's remarks were
The premier said that Germany had
answered "never" to his demand for
a reconsideration of the wrong of Alsace-Lorraine,
and had declared that
Germany would go on until Mesopo
tamia and Palestine were restored to
the tyranny of the Turks. No single
war aims condition made by the Brit
ish trade unionists had been answered
by any German auxiliary, he added.
Mr. Lloyd George said , there had
been no answer from Germany to the
recent statements of the entente pow
ers on war aims, field Marshal von
p. m. a I Hindcnburg and General von Luden-
p. m !..i4jdorff were brought back for confer-
P- m 13 1 ences but Foreien Minister von
Kuehlmann was not allowed to speak.
Militarists Are Dominant.
'.'Why?' asked the premier. "Be
cause the Prussian military power is
dominant. Tfye answer to be given
will be given from the cannon's
"if any man here can find an hon
orable and equitable way out of this
conflict without fighting it through,"
the premier continued, "let him tell it.
My conviction is this the people
must either go on or go under."
The view of the government, Mr.
Lloyd George said, was that it would
be folly to withdraw .men from- indus
tries one hour sooneY than the need
arose, but that it would be-treason to
the state, to democracy and to free
dom if, when the need did arise, the
demand should not be made.
Whatever terms 4vere put forward
by any fftsifist orator, the premier de
clared, would not be cashed by Lu
dendorff or the kaiser unless the Brit
ish had the power to enforce them.
Must Fight to Achieve Aims.
If it should prove to be impossible
to defeat the German forces and re
sist the military power of Prussia.
J was there anyone in possession of
Both Senate and House "Peev
ed" at Fuel Administrator;
Consider Repeal of Law
Creating Dictator. ,
Washington, Jan. 18. When con
gress assembled, attacks on the fuel
restriction order burst out anew,
mingled, in the senate, with resent
ment that the fuel administration has
ignored its resolution asking for de
benators described themselves as
being in a state of "impotent indig
. "All this chaos is shameful," Sena
tor Smith of Michigan, republican,
declared "the senate should rise
and clip the wings of those who seek
to exercise such authority which was
never intended to be given."
Attacks on the fuel restriction
order blazed up in the house again
Representative Snyder of New
York, denouncing it, said the presi
dent had made a fatal error in per
mitting Dr. Garfield to issue the or
der, which, ho said, meant utter
chacs, want and suffering in this
Many members took part in the
Kountze Place Churches
Unite to Save Coal
Two close neighbors in Kountze
Place, Harford" United Brethren
church and Plymouth Congregational
church, have decided to combine eve
ning services, and conserve coal
through the remainder of the winter.
For the next three Sundays the serv
ices will be in Plymouth church. Rev.
E. L: Keece, Ph. opening the serv
ices at 7:30, January 20.
i.i ti i ,
St. Louis Theaters Close .
At Ten to Conserve Fuel
St. Louis, Jan. 17. An order clos
ing all places of amusement in St.
Louis at 10 p. m. and closing . them
completely on Mondays .sml Tues
days will be issued tonigh. by Lieu
tenant Governor" CrossTey of Mis
souri, fuel administrator of this state,
he announced today. The i rder will
be effective Friday. All. electric signs
will be turned off. .
his wits, the premier asked, who be
lieved that the least of .the war aims
expressed by the labor conferences
could be enforced?
"The premier declared he would
not have the war on his soul for a
second if He could stop it honorably,
but there had been no response from
any man in any position in Germany
to the statement of British war aims,
which indicated a desire in Germany
to approach the problem in a spirit
of equity. '
"Let us talk quite freely here
among ourselves," Mr. Loyd -George
continued. "You might aswell stop
fighting unless you are going to do
it with all your miht. Unless we are
going to do it well, let us stop it.
There is no altenative. Either put
your whole strength into it or do as
the Russians, and tell our brave fel
lows they can go home. If there are
men here who say they will not go
into the trenches, then the men in the
trenches have the right to say that
neither will they remain there.
"Suppose our men sould leave the
trenches. Would that end the war?
Yes. it would. But wha sort of an
end? When the Russians ceaced
fighting and simply talked ideals and
principles with the Germany army,
did the Germans retreat? No they
took Riga and the islands. Frater
nixation did not prevent their march
ing forward. If Petrograd had been
nearer, they would have taken it
No Preferred Classes.
The premier asked what sort of
terms his hearers thought tould be
obtained from Hindenburg. Hinden
burg would say they could not turn
him out of Belgium with traded
union resolutions. i
"No, but we can and will turn him
out with trades' union guns and trade
unionists behind them," Lloyd
In plain terms, the premier said,
democracy was government by a ma
jority of the people. If one profes
sion, trade or sect claimed to be im
mune from the obligation imposed on
the rest, that was sentimental lav
esty of the principles of democracy,
the setting up of a new aristocracy.
W COAL ORDER SUSPENDS
BUSINESS IN 27. STATES AND
RIOT OF CONFUSION RESULTS
One Thousand Plants Exempted From Suspension Law,
Insuring Work for Hundreds of Thousands of
Men; Some Industries Close Completely,
While Others Run Full Blast.
Washington, Jan. 18. Late today the fuel administration
announced that a large number of plants about 1,000 in all
doing war work should be exempted from the fuel restriction
order. Virtually all principal industrial plants of the country
are on the list in one way or another.
CRITICISM IN CONGRESS.
The ruling Insures work for hun
dreds of thousands of men.
The first day's enforcement of the
order closing down industry east of
the Mississippi by denying it fuel was
attended today by the greatest con
fusion at the fuel administration.
Demands for rulings and interpreta
tions poured down in a flood and it
was physically impossible to keep
track of or reply to queries.
Consequently the country early this
afternoon was still much in the dark
as to some provisions of the order.
Criticism of the order broke out
again in congress. Reports to the
fuel administration told of wide in
terpretations of the mandate by in
dustry and the conflicting rulings by
local fuel administrators.
While some industries in one state
were closed down completely, in
some instances the same class of busi
ness in other states went on as usual.
, An additional list of exempted in
dustries was prepared by the fuel ad
ministration late today. The food
administration made a ruling ex
empting all business connected with
More Industries Exempt
, Besides the list of exemptions, a.
number bf industries were excepted
jfrom operation cif the, closaig order
under special rulings. Ibes include
the prodttdtfoh of ore, the manufacture
of equipment and supplies for mines,
and news print paper manufacture.
Federal grand juries in many dis
tricts are investigating complaints
that coal operators and wholesale
and .retail dealers Jiave. violated the
government-fixed prices. Only a
small proportion of actual cases un
der investigation have been reported
to Washington but officials believe
many indictments will be returned
soon. - . -
Instructions were sent to all local
fuel administrators in the territory
east of the Mississippi directing them
to distribute, to the preferential class
of users described by the order all
coal reaching their jurisdiction during
the five-day period of industrial cur
tailment. - Put Six Days in Five.
New York, Jan. 18. The doing of
six days' work in five during Monday
less industrial weeks is recommended
to members., of Jhe National Boot and
Shoe Manufacturers' association in a
bulletin telegraphed to them today by
John S. Kent, president.
Washington, Jan. 18. United States
attorneys - will take action against
any manufacturing concern or coal
dealer refusing to comply with Fuel
Administrator Garfield's order, the
Department of Justice announced to
day. . "
District attorneys have instructions
to watch coal dealers.
To Close Cotton Exchange.
Closing of the New York cotton
exchange next Monday "in co-operation
with the spirit of the fuel admin
istration's fuel conservation order"
was decided upon today by the board
of managers of the exchange.
Crew of Vessel Sunk
' By U-Boat Landed Safely
Washington, Jan. 18. The crew of
a Danish vessel, the Huldamanersk,
which was torpedoed by a German U
boat on January 10, has arrived at
Las Palnias, Canary isles, according
to an official dispatch received here
today. The ship was sunk 25 miles
northwest of Cape Logador 300 miles
outside the blockade zone marked out
by the latest German announcement.
Police Judg3 Fitzgerald
Adyises Baker to "Wash Up"
David Specter, proprietor of the
Chicago Bohemian bakery, was ad
vised by Police Judge Fit.gerald to
wash his hands before doing any fur
ther baking. Specter was charged
with keeping an unsanitary bakery.
Two Million Idle
In New York on
First Workless Day
New York, Jan. . 18.This
greatt center of industry slowed
down today in compliance with
the fuel administration order,
while railroads vigorously at
tacked the problem of bunkering
the' 100 or more ships awaiting
to take cargoes of freight away
from congested terminals.
Possibly 40,000 establishments
here and in adjoining cities in
northern New Jersey complied
with the order, and estimates of
the number of employes idle run
NEW ORDER WILL PUT COAL
IN EMPTY BINS AND MOVE
IDLE SHIPS, SAYS GARFIELD
(By AniHM-latrd rrcm.)
Washington, Jan. 18. Fuel Administrator Garfield issued a statement
tonight reminding the public that while the fuel restriction order was
drastic, war was drastic aid the order was a necessary war measure.
The statement follows: ,
"The order suspending temporarily the operation of industrial plants
in portions of the United States is drastic. Yes, war is drastic. This war
is the most extensive and involves greater sacrifices than any war hereto
fore. The American people, led by the president, entered this war deliber
ately. They are staking everything for th realisation of a great ideal, and
the ideal is practical, We know that democracy must be made a reality at
home, as well as abroad, that its benefits must be shared by all and its
sacrifices borne by no single class.
NO SHIFTING OF BURDENS.
"Capital and labor are embarked in this war, because all Americans
are in it, and the American spirit cries out against the least suggestion
that the burden be shifted to the backs of any one class, least of all labor,
for labor has less financial ability to meet the prolonged hardships of
war than capital.
"We are realizing the truth now as never before that capital and labor
are not two, but one. Their problems present merely two aspects of the
same vital questions. The unselfish and patriotic. impulses and the calm
look ahead will lead the; country to approve of the order now in force. , ,
. .. , must movb war sumnss. v i .
Industry is in an unbalanced condition. , We lack many essentials-
food, clothing, 'fuel. : We have piled up enbrmous stores of things not ei.'
sential to life, but very essential to war. We have piled Op so high on our
docks nd In our storehouses that the ships available cannot carry them
away as fast as they pile upi For lack of bunker coal held back by traffic
congestion, the number of ships in our harbors increases menacingly.'
"The food supply is threatened to an even greater degree than the
fuel supply. This condition Is in large part due to the congestion that at
many points holds the loaded cars in its grip.
"To single out industries not engaged to some extent in war manu
facture is to select industries, which in the aggregate will bring relief only
if suspended indefinitely. To require all industries except a comparatively
small part to cease for a few days, quickly accomplished the desired re
sults and permanently injuries none. t
RESULTS. JUSTIFY ORDER,
"The order as it stands puts all industry on an equal footing, favoring
none and avoding unfair competition, but this reason alone is not sufficient.
This reason, plus the fact that the order will put coal in the empty bins of
the people, will save coal, will aid in breaking up congestion of traffic and
in furnishing an adequate supply of coal to the people, who need it, and to
the ships wheih cannot sail without it these are sufficient reasons and
justify the order.
"Only those industries producing necessary war material that can be
promptly delivered are permitted to operate during the suspension period.
To permit industries with a coal supply on hand to operate would allow
many of the least essential to continue, while some of the most essential
would be compelled to stop. Moreover, to allow thse frtunate enugh t6
possess a coal pile to continue would result in adding t the traffic con
gestion, and unless they also are suspended at a later period, the needed
saving in consumption of coal would not result.
"To have delayed the application of the order would only have added
to the congestion.. It is no condemnation of industry to say that each
would striven to the utmost to increase its supply of coal and other raw
material during the days prior to the application of the order."
POLICE CALLED TO
Philadelphia, Jan. 18. The Baldwin
locomotive works this afternoon was
ordered to close. The works employ
20,000 men and was operating appar
ently in defiance of the fuel adminis
William Potter, administrator for
Pennsylvania, sent a peremptory no
tice to Alba B. Johnson, president of
the great industry, that he must cease
operations at once.
Mr. Potter said he had asked the
co-operation of the Philadelphia po
lice officials in enforcing his order
against the Baldwins and all other
industrial plants operating in defiance
of t!;e order to shut down for five
Earlier in the day President John
son had announced that . lie would
close the works if Fuel Administrator
Potter ordered the closing in writing.
Mr. Potter's order was in response
to this announcement.
Second Trial of Alleged Negro
Murderer Begins Next Week
Attorneys for Charles Smith, ne
gro, vho. will be tried for the second
time for the murder of Mrs. C. L.
Nethaway last August, are said to be
preparing a new line of defense. At
the first trial of Smith the jury dis
agreed and was discharged by Judge
Sears, sitting in criminal court.
Smith's second trial will begin be
fore Judge Scars next Monday morn
ing. The murder of Mrs. Nethaway.
wife of a Florence real estate opera
tor, which 'occurred in a lonely spot
in the railroad cut north of the
suburb, was one of the most shock-
Manufacturing to Cease Every Monday tor Next Ten
Weeks; Garfield Declares Order Necessary to
Obtain Fuel to Supply Munition Carrying
Ships; Food Industry Not Affected. .
(Ity Aawwiatdd rrea.)
Washington, Jan. 18. America felt the pinch of war per
haps for the first time today with its industries hanging idle
under the fuel administration's order issued to relieve the coal
shortage and release fuel for ships loaded with supplies for the
American army and the allies.
IF AMERICA IS
TO SEND BIG ARMY
London, Jan. 18. Commenting up-
tlie statement made bv Secretary
of War Baker before a congressional
committee regarding war prepara
tions, the semi-official Norddeutsche
Allgcmeine Zeitung of Berlin says:
"The American secretary of war
speaks of an American army in
France. There is an American army
in France, but it consists entirely of
woodcutters, railwaymen anf doctors,
except two or three divisions, whose
precious lives 'are being spared in
quiet places far behind the front.
"Mr. Baker speaks as if there
would be 1,500,000 Americans in
France. Can the United States spare
such a large number of men? The
answer is no. because a large part of
the army must remain behind for the
protection of the frontiers, the coasts,
the colonies and for other duties of
a political nature.
ing in the history of Omaha. Her
throat was cut from ear to ear and
her body terribly mutilated.
Police arrested Smith, itinerant
negro, after they had "woven" the
proverbial "chain of circumstantial
evidence" around him.
One of the witnesses subpoenaed
by the defense is U-ena Le Van.
daughter of Mrs. Christine Anderson,
aged woman, who was murdered the
day before Mrs. Nethaway's body
was found in the railroad cnt. Police
attempted to connect the two mur
ders, but no one was ever rrcstcd
for the Anderson crime.
TDE"TTfT TTO A CTPD
In the fact of protests predicting
disastrous consequences and a formal
request from the senate to stay its
execution temporarily, the order was
signed last night by Administrator
Garfield with the approval of Presi
dent Wilson. . .
FEW CHANGES IN ORDER.
As sent out to state fuel administra
tors the order contained but few
changes, from , the form of the ab
stract made public Wednesday, nor
did it clear up to any great extent the
confusion resulting from fts lack of
By its provisions manufacturing
plants east of the Mississippi and in
Louisiana and Minnesota, with rare
exceptions, will be closed for five
days, beginning today, and4 virtually
all business activity will be stopped
on every Monday tor a period of 10
weeks beginning January 21.
COAL TO ESSENTIALS. ,
, Through its application the fuel ad
ministration expects coal to move to
essential consumers, including rail
roads, householders, public utilities
and shipping interests and produc
ers of food, in whose -behalf the or
der is issued. ,
.A supplementary list of exemptions
issued last night embraces various
industries-engaged in imperative war.
work. .Shipyards working on , navy
construction, "plants' .'. filling' jCQntrscts.
iwr nuy wi :uvy -women unuqrui.
(cat manufacturers and manufactur
ers of other, products deemed neces
sary for, immediate use of the mili
tary forces wwe named, in this list.
; In the original order, outline of
which was made public Wednesday
night, newspapers were unaffected by
the five-day closing, but limited to
holiday editions on heatless Mon
days. Indication also was given that
plants requiring heat to maintain
themselves would be permitted to
burn coal for this purpose, but would
not be permitted to operate. This
was interpreted by many as applying
to blast furnaces.
Storm in Congress.
Protest from business interest?
throughout the country and the storm
in congress increased today. Failure
of the fuel administration to heed the
senate request that the order be held
up until an investigation could be
made led to an agitation by many
senators in favor of making a direct
appeal to President Wilson.
The senate's reqdest was in the
form of a resolution debated and pass
ed .by a vote of 50 to 19 about the
same time Mr. Garfield's signature
was affixed to the order. Prior to that
time the fuel administrator had been
before the senate investigating com
mittee to give his reasons for .the
In the house, action on a resolution
requesting postponement, introduced
by Acting Republican Leader Gillett,
was prevented after sharp debate, by
refusal of Representative Cox, demo
crat, to give unanimous consent for
Garfield Makes Statement.
The fuel administrator justified his
action in a lengthyi statement last
night.. in which he said the order was
prompted by the necessity for fur
uishing the American army abroad
and the allies with food and supplies.
The country, he said, had reached
a point of overproduction as far as
distribution was concerned and manu
facturing plants could well afford, to
remain idle for a short time until
transportation, both rail and water,
could catch up.
In replying to insistent questions
as to why plants already supplied with
coal should be' shut down,' Dr. Gar
field declared railroad terminals
were filled with loaded cars and unless
production ceased temporarily cars
would continue .to be loaded with
manufacturing products and stalled in
yards when they should be used for
the movement of coal.
No Coal for Ships.
"War munitions, food, manufactured
products of every description," said
(Contlnutd on rase Two, Column One.)
Favorable Report on Bill
To Create Munitions Director
Washington, Jan. 18. A bill to cre
ate a director of munitions, not having
a cabinet membership, but with broad
authority to centralize control of all
war munitions, was reported favor
ably today by the senate military com
ntittee. " " '
Another bill to" establish a wxi
council was nearly completed.
Learn Tia Juana Holding
Drew Offer of $500,00(1
It is reported that James W. Corf
roth last fall refused an offer of $500,
000 for his stock in the Tia Juana race
track. This was before the govern
ment regulations prevented the open
ing of thd Tia Juana winter meeting.