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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 21, 1918)
The Omaha Daily Bee
Stamp Out the War
War Savings Stamps
VOL. XL VII. NO. 186.
OMAHA, MONDAY MORNING, JANUARY 21, 1918.
ie?i!. SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS
E AM ASSEMBLY;
AND GOEEEN BUNK
DISTROY 2 NOTED
Breslau and Goeben, Reported Sold to Turkish Navy, At
tempt Dash Out of Dardanelles; One Is Sunk,
The Other Driven Ashore In Resulting
(By Associated Press.)
London, Jan. 20. In a naval action between British and
Turkish forces at the entrance to the Dardanelles, the Turkish
cruiser Midullu, formerly the
the Sultan Yawuz Selim, former the German cruiser Goeben
was beached. This announcement was made by the admiralty
ppFNfH REPULSE GERMAN.
Today's war office statement on
the Franco-Belgian front military op
"The night pased quietly. There
was nothing of special interest to re-
Paris, Jan. 20 "Two raids by the
Germans, one in the region south
cast of St. Quentin and the other
north of Courtecon, were easily re
pulsed by our troops," says today's
"On the remainder of the front
there were intermittent artillery fire.'
The official communication issued
by the war office tonight reads:
"Northwest of Rheims. and on the
right bank of the Meuse there was
quite active artillery fighting. An
enemy raid on our small posts in the
neighborhood of Loivre failed. North
of St. Mihiel our patrols brought
"Aviation On Saturday our aerial
crews were engaged in a number of
combats. Six German airplanes
were destroyed; two others serious
ly dimaged fell within their own
' lines." . .. -
Artillery Active On Italian Line.
Rom. Jan. 20. Lively artillery
fiptintr m the Italian northern front
is reported in today's war office state
ment There also was' lively artil
lery activity along the Piave lint. No
infafttrv operations of momentare
noted in the official statement.
Osiena JBomDea Dy lilies.
Berlin, Jan. 20. Via London Os
tend, on the Belgian coast, has been
bombarded by naval forces, it was
announced in today's army headquar
ters report. , ,
Considerable artillery fighting oc
curred at various points along the
western front, the British fire being
especially intense south of the Scarpe,
while on the French front there were
bursts of activity in the Verdun sec
tor and on both sides of the Rhine
Spanish Mob Forces
Many Factories to Close
. MarlriH. Tan. 20. Disorders oc-
, ... , ,
vesterdav at Alicante,
chief seanort of Valencia. They are
reported in an official telegram from
Alicante, which stales that a mab
forced the factories to cease work
and attacked shops and private
houses. Women of the middle class
were compelled by the domonstra
tors to join them, it is declared.
The civil guard fired on the riot
ers, killing three persons and seriously
wounding four others.
American Sailor Honored
For Bravery Under Fire
Washington, D. C, Jan. 20. Secre
tary Daniels announced tonight that
he had commended for devotion to
duty Chief Boatswain's Mate Stief
Homiakv ajid his men of the armed
naval guard aboard the American
steamer Armenia, which was torped
. oed early in December, bu was taken
safef to port, the naval personnel
aiding materially in saving the ship.
Th bluejackets stood fast at their
guns after the explosion.
Head of "Henry's," Famous
Paris Hotel, Kills Self
Paris, Jan. 20. Henri Tepe, pro
prietor of "Henry's Hotel," which
contains one of the most widely
known bars in Paris, committed sui
cide last night. He left his guests at
dinner, went to the fifth floor and
leaped from a window. M. Tepe also
was the owner of a racing stable.
For Nebraska Fair; cold.
Temptratnra t Omaha Testrilur.
& a. m
fi a. m
7 a. ra
'8 a. m 4
9 a. m 6
10 a. m 1
11 a. m 1
13 m 1S
1 p. m IT
5 p. m 1'
3 p. m 1
4 p. m 23
5 p. m 22
ti p. m 2
7 p. m 20
1918. 1917. 1916. 1915.
, S3 S3 42 1
3 IT S2 11
, 13 24 37 15
, T .06 .04 T
Temperature and precipitation, departure
from the normal at Omaha eince March 1,
nad compared vKh the last two years:
Normal temperature 20
Deficlenry tor the day
Total deficiency ince .March 1 10
N'ormM precipitation 02 Inch
Deficiency for the day 02 inch
Total rainfall nince March 1 22. 11 Inches
IWtcleney since March 1 7.60 Inches
Deficiaiicy for nT prloiI 19U.12.89 Incht-a
Peflcltoty Uz v.or. irlc:J, 1515. 1.77lncbe
German Breslau, was sunk and
William Wappich's Application
for Membership in City Law
yers' Association Rouses
Storm; Says He Is Patriotic.
Charges of "treason" and "traitor"
were hurled at a stormy meeting of
the Omaha Bar 'association in the
Commercial club Saturday, when the
name of William F. Wappich, an
Omaha" attorney, was presented for
"I would consider it treasonable to
vote in favor of admitting to this. or
ganization, representing the law nd
social ardertof "this -country, a man
who bn Uaf 14,-m7m-!T the dec
laration of war wirh'Germany wrote
i an article in the 'public pulse' of an
Omaha paper defending, the iierman
American alliance and openly tri
umphing in the fact that It nad forced
the school board to adopt the teaching
of German in the public schools," was
the vitriolic objection offered by H. L.
Mossman, when Wappich's name was
.Alliance Is Assailed.
Mr. Mossman accused Wappich of
being a member of the German-American
alliance and of publishing Ger
man propaganda after, war had been
Mr. Wappich, who resides at 310
North Forty-first street, was present,
although not yet a member of the as
sociation. "The German-American alliance is
the most insidious and traitorous or
ganization in America today," said i
Mr. Mossman, continuing his indict
ment, "and until Mr. Wappich recants
his statement endorsing that organi
zation and tells us he is done with
that treasonable machine I for one
shall not vote him a member of this
The letter referred to was written
by Wappich and appeared in the
"Public Pulse" column of the World
Herald, May 14, 1917.
For Keeping Bars Up.
"Are we going to throw down the
bars and admit traitors to. our midst?"
asked Attorney Murray. . "That
nefarious allance had its inception
in Berlin and its purposes in this
country were treasonable from top to
"I did not like Mr. Wappich's letter
in the World-Herald and I did not
like Senator Hitchcock's attitude in
the senate toward Germany and
toward America and the war, and I
never have been very well satisfied
with the things he publishes in his
paper," observed Judge Shields in
condemnation of a too lenient attitude
toward the publication of German
"Discussion waxed so warm that Mr.
Wappich was given leave to retire
while the meeting adjourned for a
session of open discussion. He re
mained, however, and asked to make
Says It's Rot.
Mr. Wappich said that he was a
citizen of the United States and that
his father was a citizen before him
He maintained that the. letter referred
to made no statement criticising the
president or the government or any
reference to Our entry int the war.
"This is all rot," he said. ."I am as
loyal and patriotic to the United
States as any man urfder this roof.
There was nothine in my letter that
was not loval to this country. I have '
bought Liberty bonds. I have sub
scribed to the Red Cross and the
Young Men's Christian association
fund. I served five half-days with you
other attorneys on the legal advisory
(Continued on Pace Two, Column One.)
British Make Mile
Gain Near Jerusalem
London, Jan. 20. The war office
last night issued the following
statement in regard to the opera
tion in Palestine:
"Yesterday our line was ad
vanced to a maximum depth of a
mile on a four-mile front in the
neighborhood of Durah, 12 miles
north of Jerusalem. Some prison
ers were captured
Old WjV Jbpular Than
I ' Slf '
"This trusty old well, which is only
i short distance behind the French
battle lines, is the haven of the tired
Polius returning from duty m the
trenches. The water systems which
formerly supplied the French cities
AMERICA EMERGES FROM
Coal Moves Freely to Ships
Plants Added to Exemption List; Storm in (
: Middle West liire'alentto ReUGoV T T
(By Associated Press.)
Washington, D. C, Jan. 20. A marked improvement in
coal famine conditions was reported by the fuel administration
tonight as a result of the second
ment's fuel restriction order.
Houses wer,e warmed, ships
treme east railway congestion
administration officials said, after
ports from 28 state fuel administrators. In the middle west a
heavy snowstorm and zero temperatures, however, reduced rail
INCREASE EXEMPTIONS. O
The only important change in the
closing order made today was a rul
ing permitting all places of amuse;
ment to remain open on the Monday
holidays and close on Tuesdays in
stead. A large number of industrial
plants were added to the War and
Navy departments' exemption list,
but the names of none were made
A special effort was made today to
provide ships with bunker coal and
Fuel Administrator Garfield arranged
with Chairman Hurley of the shipping
board to pool tugs and barges in each
Atlantic port where vessels are held
to expedite the work.
Pooling was suggested when it was
found hai-some piers supplied with
coal had 'no barges to transport it and
that others with no coal on hand were
well supplied with barges.
Bunker 13 Ships.
Reports from New. York said 13
ships were bunkered there today.
Railroad officials reported that coal
was moving much more freely, to the
piers and that it now was a question
only of getting it aboard snips. To
that end men will be kept hard at
work all day tomorrow.
"I am determined to take any
steps," said Fuel Administrator Gar
field tonight, "which may be neces
sary within my authority to facilitate
the supplying of ships with fuel."
A new danger threatened the coal
output today. Empty cars began to
reach the chief bituminous mining
regions in diminishing numbers. This
was due, it was said, in part to delay
attending the diversion of coal from
industries closed down to those per
(Contlnued on Tag Tiro, Column Two.)
Wanted Hello Girls
For Service in France
(lij Associated rrcm.)
Washington, Jan. 20. The sig
nal corps needs women telephone
operators between 23 and 35 years
old, who are in good health and
speak French and English fluently
Experienced operators preferred.
Salaries range from $00 to $125 a
month with ration and quarters,
the same as received by army
Units of women operators to be
sent abroad will wear distinctive
uniforms and be considered from
a military standpoint as in a sim
ilar position to the members of the
British women's auxiliary corps.
Wives of army officers and en
listed men in Europe or abaat to
iro will ngt be accepted.
anteen Wi th Soldiers
0 fyfrf y f-Af
have completely disappeared, which
makes it necessary for the French, to
draw all the- water from the earth.
The photo shows Red Cross men
carrying water for a nearby base hos
pital. FUEL FAMINE
and Homes; Many Industrial
Rail Efforts. " ""
day's operation of the govern
were bunkered and in the ex
was cleared to some extent, fuel
going through telegraphic re
FLYING CADET AT
Earl G. Welch of Falls River,
Mass., Shoots Self ' in Bath
room at the Carleton
Earl Gladstone Welch, flying cadet
at the Fort Omaha balloon school.
committed suicide early Sunday morn
ing' in a bathroom of the Carlton
hotel, FifteenTh and Howard streets.
His body was found lying in a pool
of blood by Fred Wyant, a guest of
the hotel, with a 32 caliber reviver
Welch obtained leave of absence
from the fort Saturday night, and
registered at the Carlton shortly after
midnight. He went directly to his
room, but apparently did not retire,
as his bed was untouched when the
When found, he was fully dressed,
except for his coat and overcoat,
which hung in his room.
The weapon used was a new one.
The chambers contained five full
shells and an empty one. fH ffi
Welch is from Massachusetts, a son
of a prominent family of Fall River,
Mass., and was about 24 years of age.
Because of the apparent lack of any
motive, authorities at Fort Omaha
were at first skeptical of the suicide
theory, and a delegation of officers
was sent to make investigations.'
After some inquiry, however, they
reported that the circumstances left
no itiora for doubt. The county at
torney was summoned, and the body
turned over to Hulse & Riepen, un
dertakers. Women to Vote for
First Time in Denmark
Copenhagen, Jan. 20. Two mem
bers without portfolio of the Danish
cabinet, J. C. Christenscn and M.
Rottboer. have resigned in order that
they may be free to take part in the I shops and then being obliged to come
parliamentary elections in April. away empty-handed. The men say
These will be the first elections I that owing to the scarcity of food
held since the war and also the first 'they arc unable to work, and the per
since women were granted suffrage, centagc of sickness has been high-
Urge Constituent Assembly to
Repudiate National Debt and
Transfer Land to Work
(By Auorlated Pre.)
London, Jan. 20. A Pctrograd de
spatch to Reuters Limited, says:
"Following is a summary of the
provisions of the declaration of
workmen's rights adopted by the
central executive committee of the
workmen's and soldiers' deputies, and
reaa to the constituent assembly:
The constituent assembly resolves
that Russia be declared a republic of
ine central and provincial power
appertains to these soviety.
The republic of Soviets is formed
on the basis of a free alliance of free
nations under the constitution of a
confederation of nationnl soviet re
publics. Then follows a long series of pro
visions. Article 2 declares as ab
rogated the right of private propri
etorship of land, which is declared to
be the property of the state.
In the same article the principle of
obligatory work for all is laid down,
and the arming of the working
classes, the disarming of the leisure
classes, the organization of the Red
socialists and the arming of work
men and peasants are announced.
"Article 3 approves the policy of
the workmen's and soldiers' deputies
for a democratic peace and approves
the decree repudiating all Russian
"Article 4 says: 'There having been
an election on the electoral registers,
drawn up before the people had be
gun to organize a social society, the
constituent assembly considers that it
can in no way oppose the power of the
workmen's and soldiers' government.
"'At the moment of the decisive
struggle of the people against those
who have exploited them, the latter
can find no olac in the aoverning
body.-'lpbijifw wit Jit efusjye-
ly m ine nanus ot mo worKing tus
arid thefr reDresehtatives. the soviet9.'
"It is considered- probable thi th
workmen 8 and soldiers : delegates and
the bolshevik constituents now will
proclaim themselves in a national con
vention. Bloodshed at Moscow.
"It is reported from-Moscow that
shooting occurred there during a dem
onstration in support of the constit
"One soldier carrying a flag re
mained in the middle of the road and
shouted to the red guards: 'I have
been three years at the front. Kill
me if you wish.' He was shot dead.
"Red guards tore off the badges of
the paraders and several banners were
burned. There were many women and
girls, as well as omcers and disabled
soldiers in the processions."
Ikted British General
Found Dead in Bed
London, Jan. 20.-r-General Sir
Beachamp Duff, commander-in-chief
of the British force in India from
1913 to 1916, was found dead in his
bed in a West End clib this morning-General
Duff, who had had a long
and distinguished army career, win
ning honors in active campaigning
and filling numerous responsible
active positions, including that of as
sistant military secretary for India
affairs at the war office and the posts
of adjutant general and chief of staff
in Ind'a, before coming commander
in chief there, was in his 63d year. In
August, J916, he was succeeded in the
India command by General Monro.
Gasoline Exposition in
Paris Injures Americans
Taris, Jan. 20. A gasoline can ex
ploded this morning as some Ameri
can soldiers were filling an automo
bile tank at the famous Moulin De
La Galctte dancing hall, now used
as a camouflage school for the
American army. The tank also ex
ploded and two American soldiers
were serious-ly injured. They were
taken to the American ambulance
hospital at Ncuilly.
Swift Plant Burns.
Rio Janeiro, Brazil, Jan. 20. The
packing house of Swift & Co. was
destroyed b fire today. The loss is
estimated at $500,000.
In Effort to
ttr Anaorluted PrM.)
London, Jan. 20.- Demonstrations
demanding better distribution of food
were held at Brighton at Erith, in
Kent, and at other places in England
today, while men, women and chil
dren stood in queues, in many cases, in
vain, for a Sunday roast, margarine
butter or tea.
At Erith 3,000 workers from one
of the big factories marched to the
food committee's offices to protest
against their wives and children hav
in sr to wait luie hours outside the
FORCE TO BREAK
UP RUSS ASSEMBLY
Incensed at Its Unwillingness to Approve Conduct of Peace
Parleys, Send Armed Sailors to Disperse Session
And Issue Decree of Dissolution; Reds Fire
On Moscow Demonstration.
' (By Associated Press.) -
Petrograd, Jan. 20. The constituent assemoiy has been dis
solved by the bolshevik! authorities, it is officially announced
todav. Sailor awards closed the assembly at 4 o'clock thi
morning and a decree of dissolution will be issued during thei
day, the official statement says. .
IN AUSTRIA TO
Openly Anti-German, Closes
Down All War Munition
Factories and Makes
(Itjr AuMMiated Prow.)
London, Jan. 2C A general strike
is on throughout Austria, according
to an Exchange Telegraph dispatch
from Paris today, which reports 100,
000 men quitting work in Vienna and
Neustadt. closing down all the war
factories. The strikers are described'
as openly anti-German and the move
ment as both political and economic
and especially aimed . at obtaining
Public demonstration, it was added-,
have been held in many places at
which .hostility , .was rvoiced toward
Berlin "r trying to force the ;Au
trians to continue, the war, . -
; REPORTS REACH SWEDEN."
Stockholm, Jan. 20. Reports of
strikee and other demonstrations in
Austria,, which the Austrian govern
ment has permitted to be telegraphed
abroad, acquire new significance when
read in connection with the Vienna
Arbiter . Zeitung's report of five so
cialist meetings held in Vienna Sun
day. The meetings, which were attended
by vast numbers of persons, protested
against "robbing the Austrian people
of all influence in the peace negotia
tions by continually postponing the
meetings of the chamber of deputies
and the delegates and by suppressing
all criticism in the press of Germany's
and Austria's foreign policy."
REJECT ANNEXATION IDEAS.
The meetings demanded that the
Eeace negotiations at Brest-Litovsk
e conducted in a friendly spirit;
"that the government reject all ef
forts toward open or veiled annexa
tions and that it reject the demand
that Russia's border nations' right of
self-determination be rendered illus
ory and also reject the desire to an
nex portions of these lands against
the will of the inhabitants,"
Socialists also demanded that the
people of Poland. Lithunia and Cour
land be permitted to vote freely on
the question of form of their state
and their allegiance.
Endorse Wilson Proposals.
A resolution adopted by the meet
ings further declared that the social
ists further regard the peace program
of Premier Lloyd-George and Pesi
dent Wilson as a sign that even the
enemy nations can be forced by the
laboring classes to modify their im
The resolution in conclusion pro
tested against "the systematic mis
representation of these utterances in
the entire bcurgeoise press, and we
call oir-thc governments of the cent
ral powers to consider them as an op
portunity to offer to all tlfe enemy
governments a democratic peace with
out annexations or contributions."
Publishers to Meet.
Chicago, Jan. 20. A special open
meeting of newspaper publishers has
been called for January 23 in Chicago
by the American Newspaper Publish
ers' association to discuss print paper
Near - Riots
Get Sunday Feeds
Meanwhile the butcher shops were
closed and the grocery stores were
virtually sold out this, morning, and
the men were waiting in the streets
for the food'eommittee to take some
Everywhere in London crowds
gathered at the butcher shops at tin
early hour. There were at least
1,000 persons at 9 o.clock waiting tc
be served in the retail section of the
Smithfield market. Most of these
got limited portions and were luckier
than the people in the suburbs, many
of whom were unable to get any
meat. This was due not so much to
the shortage of cattle and sheep as to
the weather, which made it impos
sible in many districts to bring live
stock to the market.
1 SEND ARMED SAILORS.
. The text reads:
"When the constituent assembly
voted against the declaration made by
the president of the central executive
committee after an hour's delibera
tion the bolshevik! left the hall and
were followed by the social revolu
tionists of the left on the assembly
showing its unwillingness to approve
the manner in which the peace pour
parlers were being conducted.' At 4
o'clock this morning the constituent
assembly was dispersed by armed
sailors. Today a decree dissolving
the assembly will be oublished." .
PLAN NEW GOVERNMENT.
, The all-Russian railway men's con
fress has passed by a vote of 273 to
1 a resolution supporting the constit
uent assembly and calling upon the
people's commissioners to agree "with
the majority with a view to the for
mation of a government responsible
to the assembly.
From Moscow it is reported that
many persons were wounded and oth
ers killed as the result of the red
guard firing, on demonstrators there
in favor of the constituent assembly.
, The Japanese embassy here in an
official statement made denial of the
reports that Japanese forces had been
landed at' Vladivostok.-'" '
.j Regarding -the. etice "negotiafi6ns it
Brest-Litovsk, ' Count Czerninr the-Austro-Hiinganan
is quoted here in. an interview as de
claring that if peace did not result
from the negotiations it would not be
"because of any intentions of 'ours in
regard to conquests." 7" '
Spoermann Enemy Alien
Interned at Oatethorpc
Baltimore, Md., Jan. 20. Walter
Spoermann, 31 years old -who was ar
rested 10 days ago near Langley avia
tion field, Virginia, by agents of the
department of justice, and who was'
brought, to this city last Tuesday on
the charge of violating his alien, en-,
emy permit, today was sent to a
prison camp at Fort Oglethorpe, Ga.
He was received as a military pris
oner aboard a military train with 35
other alien enemies who were on their
way to the prison camp from other r
parts of the country. v
Rev. Father Jonaitis Goes
East to Meet Lithuanians
Rev. Father Jonaitis, pastor of the
Lithuanian. Catholic church, left
Omaha Sunday night on .a trip
through the . east, , He will , atop in
Ohio and Pennsylvania to meet with
Lithuanian leaders there. ; .
Rev. Father Jonaitis was the insti
gator of the Lithuanians of Nebraska
sending a petition to President Wil
son asking that the freedom of Lith
uania be included in the United States.'
terms of peace. . ' 1
Kansas City Man Goes to
Federal Shipnmq Board
Kansas City, Jan. 20. James E.
Holdcn. vice president in charge of
traffic for the Kansas City Southern
railway yesterday was named super
visor of transportation and traffic for
the federal shipping board, according
to a telegram frdm Washington re
ceived at the offices of the road here.
The appointment was made by Sec
retary McAdoo. 7 7
U. S. War Board Will-- - :
Control Neutral Shipping
Washington, Jan. 20.-Control of
neutral shipping at American ports
wilj be undertaken by the war trade
board February 1. to prevent Ger
many from receiving information or
goods from the. United States.
Several sailors have been under
suspicion for some time as media of
communication between Germany and
its agents in this country. '.,.,;'.
General Pershing Reports
Tvv3 Deaths of Soldiers
Washington, D. C, Jan. 20. Gen
eral Pershing tonight notified the war
department of. the following deaths
from. natural causes: . . . 7
. Private George WV Vroraan, am
munition train, pneumonia, Caspar,
Private John V. Sissel, ' infantry,
pneumonia, Gazelle, Calif. 77
Ft. Omaha Baloon Lands
Near Dunavant, Kan.'
Lieutenant L. B. Schrff. who piloted
a free balloon in a flight from Fort
Omaha Saturday, reported to the fort
that he had landed near Dunavant,
Kan. He was expected to return to
Omaha late Sunday night, No de-,
tails of the flight were Mold in his
message reporting his safe landing
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