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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 26, 1905)
TIIE OMAIIA DAILY BEE: SATURDAY, AUGUST 2(5, 1905.
Tire Omaiia Daily Bee
E. KOSEWATER, EDITOR.
PUBLISHr.D EVERT MORNINO.
TERM Or SUBSCRIPTION
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i'ally Hea and NiiniUr. one year..
Illustrated Uw, on year
Sunday Bee, n tear.
Saturday B one -year. ..
Twentieth Century Farmer, one yenr
tf,mverf:d bt carrier.
Pally Bee (without Sunday), per copy., tc
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Evening !; '(Includinc Sunday), per
week , 12c
Sunday Bee, iir ropy 5e
Complaints of Irregularities In delivery
hould ba.addreeaed to City Circulation De
Omaha The Bee Building.
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and M street.
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C'hlrago IS4U Unity .Building.
New York-1500 . Home Ufa Insurance
, Washington 60t Fourteenth street.
Communication relating to new and edi
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Remit by draft, express or postal order,
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Only 2-cent stamps received In payment of
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THE BEE PUBLISHING- COMPANY,
STATEMENT Or CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska., Douglas county. a :
C C Rosewater, secretary of The Bee
Publishing Company, 'being duly sworn,
ays that the actual number of full and
complete copies of The .Dally, Morning,
Evening and Sunday Bea printed during the
month of July, 1, was aa follows;
1 81.810 IT SA.4S0
I. S0.2OO II Srt.OHO
I ... m,mk . ' i sa.510
4. S,10O KS,10
unsold ooplaa , . D.S10
Net tout sale..., (M2.41S
C. C. ROSE WAT EH,
. . Secretary.
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before me this first Uay of July, 1906.
(Seal) M. B. HLNQATE,
WHE1 OIT OP TOWN.
Sakeertbers leaving the city tfm
porarlly ahoald have The Ilea
anallea to them. It is better tham
tally letter from home. A4
agrees will ba ehaigtd aa ortea aa
Russian soldiers are said to be In
dignant at Japanese peace terms, but
sometimes It Is better to be Indignant
than to be defeated.
A clarion call bag gone out which
ihould place every Montana democrat
on the firing line. Senator Clark says
be has too much money.
Army officers need not be surprised
If a new military hero arises upon the
horizon. General Baldwin has killed a
grizzly bear with a knife.
Marking, tluia t Ioruiouth . may be
hard on the special correspondents, but
neither the summer girl nor the attache
teems to hare cause for complaint.
With five sets of twins recorded In
the birth statiHtlcs of, Omaha for the
month of July, the Twin cities on the
north of us will bars to look to their
If lightning continues to destroy oil
s It has recently done, electricians may
find a new field of usefulness that will
connect them with the Standard Oil
. The new primary election law prom
ises to come high when the bills are
II In. The only question then will be,
whether In view of the results it is
worth the money.
Now that cholera Is reported In Ma
nila experts and mosquito at New Or
leans may not Le so closely followed,
for the Asiatic disease Is a still greater
source of dread to clvtllxatlonv
If the Tanaman merchants succeed In
baring the United States sell nothing
but necessaries ' lIfe t0 canal diggers,
it will be Interesting to see what Is
placed upon the proscribed list
That New York cashier who played
the races may have received a run for
his money, but It will be nothing beside
the run to be made by those who trusted
him before he la landed In prison.
Since Japanese peace commissioners
fcavo bgun to Inspect Amerlcau cotton
mills, the Islanders will probably get
Talue received for money spent even If
the Indemnity fails to materialise.
t - )
" The Spanish military offloer who Is
watching the' rifle competition at 8ea
Girt may be the first of his nation to
learn the real reason why the late
Spanish-American war did not last
In avoid log the gallows three times
after date for execution has Leen set
"Bluebeard" Hoch demonstrates that be
still owns the mascot which made It
possible for him to marry so many
women before being caught.
' Miss Tarhell has nalry put Omaha
In one of the Standard OH mysteries,
but inasmuch as her Independent oil
man, auppoaed to have been shot out
by the Standard, has been doing busi
ness here without apparent Interrup
tion, there may be .room for a post
script to her story.
Omaha's standing 'candidate for mayor
has a new speech. He has now laid
sTifty years of Omaha" on the shelf and
ts Regaling improvement clubs with a
recitation on "municipal ownership."
He Is careful, however. Mot to explain
why be opposed municipal ownership
when the .proposition-for a municipal
Ugattnc plant was before the people.
rrtEswExra trronrs for peace
Whatever the result of the Ports
mouth conference,' President Roosevelt's
efforts in lebalf of peace raise him to
the highest pls.ee among contemporary
statesmen. It has been remarked that
In assuming the position of mediator he
disregarded all "precedent and did what
no Kuropesn riiler would have dared to
drt. When Mr. Itoospvclt saw what he
regarded as a coin in a mil tig duty, when
he felt called iiihhi as the chief magis
trate of this great nation to do some
thing, Itt the Interest of humanity and
the universal welfare, for terminating
a terrible and destructive conflict, he
did not look for precedents. A crisis
In the peace negotiations bad been
reached A rupture at Portsmouth
seemed Imminent. Thero was world
wide fear that the conference of the en
voys would suddenly ejid In failure.
The hour had come for Interposition
or mediation If it was ever to be offered
and Theodore Roosevelt Was prepared.
He had kent himself fnllv Informed re-
garrtln? the progress of the negotiations.
He knew the feeling' and sentiment on
both sides and when the crucial point
would be reached. When that point
was reached he was ready with a pro
posal and without hesitation submitted
It. It was a Judicious recommendation,
l.it was not acceptable to the Russians,
yet It served to overt the danger of a
sudden rupture. It Is very probuble
that but for Mr. Roosevelt's Interposi
tion the peace conference would now be
a pnst event and the indefinite prolonga
tion of the war determined. Delay In
this mntter Is lielleved by many to make
for peace and the president's action
caused delay. Mr. Roosevelt did not
stop with submitting his proposal to the
envoys. He communicated through the
regular diplomatic channels with the
governments of the belligerents. Per
haps, the head of nV Europenn nation
would have dared to do this, but the
United States occupies a very different
position In relation to the warring pow
ers from the countries of Europe. Our
attitude Is one of absolute disinterested
ness and impartiality. This government
Is friendly to both Russia and Japan
nnd ehcH Tias' reason to feel confidence
in the good will of the United States.
They received the snggestlon of Presi
dent Roosevelt without a shadow of
doubt as to Its sincerity or as to his
earnest desire to promote the cnuse of
pence. They would not have so felt re
specting any proposal or recommenda
tion from a Europenn ruler.
The peace conference may end in
failure. The outlook at the last ad
journment was not such as to greatly
encourage hope. Still It Is possible that
a way to pence will be found. In any
event President Roosevelt has done nil
that he could do In the interest of peace
and In a way In the highest degree hon
orable to himself nnd to the country.
THI FOREST SERVICE
The creation of the forest service in
connection with the reclamation service
promises to have the most beneficial re
sults. .At the Irrigation congress In
Portland Mr. rinchat, 'forester 'of the
United States, made an ; address In
which he pointed out what ts nlinvd to
be accomplished by the service of which
he is the head and the Importance of
which is understood Ly all who are In
terested in the care nnd conservation of
the national forest reserves. He' said
that when created this service was
given charge of all the forest work of
the national government and with it
the opportunity to have and execute a
definite and consistent policy. That
policy, he explained, so far as the forest
reserves are concerned, is not only In
timately related to the work of the. rec
lamation service at every point, but it
has also the closest relation to every
interest and Industry of the whole west.
Mr. rinchat stated that the streams
which are being used, or willt be used,
for the Irrigation of the arid west rise
In the forest reserves. The first duty
of the forest service is to protect the
forests against fire, and the . streams
against the disastrous effects of fire.
This very necessary protection, which
hitherto , has not been very well pro
vided for, will be supplemented by
other methods of forest conservation.
There will be less trespassing thnu has
been the case, to the material Injury
of the forests. It Is further Intended
to get more revenue from the timber,
thereby materially reducing the cost to
the treasury of forestry work. Mr.
Pinchat said: "To sum up. the new
policy in few words, the forest service
is trying to combine a knowledge of
forestry and local conditions with busi
ness principles and common sense, in
the effort to give the reserves their high
est usefulness and by so doing to make
them pay their way."
This is the correct policy and It has
not been adopted any too soon. Such
a method of forest management has
long prevailed in some of the European
countries, where the question of forest
protection and preservation was forced
upon attention many years ago and has
been successful. Here the matter has
been to a great extent .neglected, but
now that the government has under
taken the task of reclaiming the arid
lands the necessity . of . earlug for the
forest reserves, which are indispensable
to successful irrigation, has become im
perative. The streams are mainly fed
from those reserves, the destruction of
which would consequently be fatal to
Irrigation. It will be the duty of con
gress to see thst the forest service,
which was created only last February,
does not lack ample provision for mak
ing It efficient.
Ex-Congreasman Hitchcock seems to
be greatly interested in the recent reci
procity conference now that it la all
over, and especially In the part played
by the delegatea appointed from Ne
braska. But Mr. Hitchcock has not yet
ventured to explain why he failed to
show np as a member of the delegation
after be had Leen duly appointed by
Governor Mickey. Was it because he
did not want ta place himavlf under
obligations to the republican governor
whom he has constantly ridiculed and
reviled? Or was It lecause he wanted to
find out first how the editor of The Bee
would stand so that he might take the
other side? Or was it simply due to the
cowardice vhlch he ascribes to all mem
bers of congress?
STEAK VL T TLAIXLY.
Nel.Tnska republicans nre already be
ginning behold their county conventions
preparatory to the state convention and
the fall campaign. In each county the
local contest for control of county
offices will doubtless occupy the fore
front. Vlth only three offices to fill on
the state ticket, the selection of state
candidates would command small atten
tion except for the lnrger national Issues
that are pending before the country on
which the party will le expected to take
A republican convention already held
in Thayer county has set the pace by
adopting a set of resolutions equivalent
to instruction for their delegates to the
state convention on these subjects.
These resolutions affirm belief In the
policies of President Roosevelt and
favor their enactment Into law. The In
tent of this declaration Is, no doubt,
good, but the expression In our opinion
Is altogether too Indefinite. Every con
vention of republicans held in Nebraska
this yenr should not only declare ap
proval of the president's policies, but It
should vote up or down a resolution of
Instruction oa the delegates selected In
fuvor of a plank In the state platform
specifically endorsing President Roose
velt's pln of railroad rate regulutlon
and calll &g upon Nebruskn representa
tives in congress to vote for a measure
that commands the president's approval.
The railroad publicity agents are try
ing to make out that public sentiment
Is changing, especially in the west, on
the question of railroad rate regulation
nnd they will go before congress with
the assertion that there Is no longer any
demand for the execution of the pro
gram outlined by the president at the
Inst session. The proper answer to this
contention is a plain spoken announce
ment first by the rank and file of repub
licans In their local conventions and
then by their delegntes In state conven
tion. ROOM FOR SUGGESTIONS.
The Board of County Commissioners
has invited all architects who feel so
disposed to submit pencil drawings and
sketches for a reconstructed court house
adequate to meet the needs of the
county business, which has outgrown
the present buildings. Whether the archi
tects generally will respond to this In
vitation Is " a question, inasmuch as
most of them are so busily engaged
upon other building projects at this par
ticular season that they will hardly feel
warranted in devoting much time to a
project as to which there is as yet no
consensus of opinion.
Admitting, tiiat It will require the
services of capable architects before any
new court hotise building can material
ize, still, there is no reason why other
people and more especially the county
officers who occupy offices In the build
ing, the attorneys and Judges who are
constantly trying cases in the court
rooms and the taxpayers generally who
have business to transact with the va
rious branches of the county govern
ment, should not contribute their ideas
as to what should be done in the way
of reconstructing the present court
house, or replncing It with an entirely
Whatever it may be decided to do in
this mntter, the first requisite will be
the submission of some sort of a bond
proposition to raise the necessary money
nnd this proposition will hnve to em
body in substance, at any rate, the plan
It Is proposed to pursue. To arrive nt
a plan that will satisfy the general pub
lic will require a thorough sifting of
ideas nnd agreement upon what is best
and most practicable. The more sug
gestions the county board gets, whether
from architects or from nonprofession
als, the more likely will a feasible
scheme I developed..
The Nebraska Retail Merchants as
sociation 4s still resolutlng to continue
Its fight on the "cat" houses and threat
ens to call Into requisition a new in
strument of warfare by patronizing the
advertising space of country news
papers to educate the farmer up to the
advantages of supporting local trades
men. Here Is where the merchants are
getting on the right track. The "cat"
houses have built up their business by
low prices and Judicious advertising.
The way to head them off Is to beat
them at their own game.
The question whether new county
commissioners for Douglas county are
to le chosen at the coming election may
as well be thoroughly threshed out now
as later. Unless the pending litigation,
even though It should result In putting
the namea of candidates on the official
ballot. Is carried to a flnnl decision of
the court of last resort the controversy
will only be renewed later when the
demand Is made upon the outgoing mem
bers who claim that the law has ex
tended their terms of office.
The local aemo-pop orgun Is greatly
distressed for fear the republican county
committee may not call a primary elec
tion to choose delegates to the repub
lican state convention. In the mean
while, however, the democratic county
committee has appointed a committee
of five with full and unlimited power to
select the delegates to the democratic
state convention and issue credential
certificates without the aid, advice or
consent of any other democrats on earth.
rrospects are good that the census
of Iowa Just taken will be held up in
definitely, so far as publishing the' re
turns are concerned, by injunction pro
ceedings. If the courts will only keep
the ceusus in aleyance long enough the
various Iowa cities that have shown a
population loss as compared with the
last federal census will have time to
catch up nnd then ask' for n revision of
What's the matter witli our new Auto
mobile club projecting and carrying out
n automobile show? The automobll
Ists are Just as much entitled to take
advantnge of the spacious Auditorium
which Omnhn hns erected at great ex
pense as the horse fmiclcrs.
Shoe on the Other Foot.
Bt. I.oul Globe-Democrat.
Englnnd thinks that ."Jupan Is entitled to
the fruits of her victory." Rut England,
when Russia had Turkey completely van
quished In 1R79, did not think Russia enti
tled to all the fruits of hers.
John W. Rates wants the city of Now
York to pay him 131 for damages to his
automobile. This Is supposed to be the
first time that Mr. Ontjs has ever consid
ered anything less than a million.
Valuable Iintn Available.
Scientists nre row debating- whether a
man can II vo after his neck hns been
broken. Juibre Parker and his associates
on the last democratic national ticket might
furnish some data on the subject.
An EyII Combination.
If Great Britain shall encourage and In
cite Japan to maintain demands which can
only result In the renewal of hostilities In
the far east, then Great Britain must bi
Jointly indicted for the crime as-alnat civil
ization which will thus be perpetrated.
Tall mowing, and Ditch DlajKlna;.
pan FYnnclsco Chronicle.
The charge that Americans are a rushlng
and pushing people will receive a rude
shock If things do not move a little faster
In the neighborhood of Panama. We did
some tall blowing about our ability aa
canal builders, and it Is up to us to make
Hot Ale from the South.
Tf Castro will be kind enough to quit
talking and wait till the crop moving, the
peace conference, the base ball champion
ship, tho Dalrymple report and the Taggart
case are out of the way. Uncle Bam will
try to find time to listen to him and pre
scribe for whatever It Is that alls htm.
To Whom It May Concern.
New York Sun.
In spite of all that Is written and much
that Is believed about the power of politi
cal machines and the skill of boomers, there
Is nothing more fragile, doubtful, evanes
cent and uncertain than a boom for presi
dent. The wise man with -that bee In his
bonnet keeps under cover as much as he
can and hides the buzzing from his neigh
Main Question Already Settled.
William J. Bryan, on his trip abroad, Is
to make a study of conditions In the Philip
pine islands. Ills) report will not be offi
cial, and it will no .doubt be different In
other respects from any report Secretary
Taft may feel movod to make. Both will
be valuable for. Information, but the main
question appears to be already settled. We
are to govern them indefinitely as depen
dencies. Just as Great Britain governs its
outlying possessions. And the more we do
for our dependehfk''the less will we be
like the counlr that has set tho colonial
'pace for us.'
'i rt i'.
Maalcal Work of Taft.
Cleveland Plain ' Dealer.
It would be Interesting to learn Just what
It Is In the climate of the Philippines that
can accomplish such miracles aa the trans
formation of Bourke Cockran, - once the
most resounding bpponent of "benevolent
assimilation," lnt a staunch "Imperialist,"
and within the same period Induce Charles
H. Grosvenor and Bereno E. Payne to
father free trade bills that were so re
cently their abomination. But, of course,
things look different on the other side of
the world, and It Is devoutly to be hoped
that the normally narrow vision of the
standpatter will not be restored by his re
turn to this side of the globe.
LEST WE FORGET.
Threatening; Dangers Snre to Follow
Wall Street Journal.
Prosperity forgets. It dulls, as by an
anaesthetic, the memory of past offenses.
It stills the conscience. - Men repent when
danger threatens, when the ship begins to
sink, the house burns, the panic rages, the
crops fall, and ruin stares In the face.
They are eager for reformation when the
times are hard; but they are apt to forget
abuses when they are making money and
the whole country- revels in prosperity.
Therefore, let us not forget now that we
are rejoicing In unequaled crops and wide
Certainly the Almighty la on the side of
the United States. Never was a country so
favored. Peace, prosperity and power are
Its portion. Nature Is emptying her cornu
copia of plenty upon us. Such wealth of
crops and mineral products was never be
fore showered upon a single nation. Bo
far aa the human mind can penetrate the
future, there Is at least a year of pros
perity before us. We can depend on that,
base all our business calculations upon It.
We may be confident of five, and even ten
years, progress; but, barring unforeseen ac
cident, we may say that we know that
good times are Insured for a year to come
by the Immense yield of agricultural and
mineral products. A whole year! And
how much may be achieved In that time.
Yet two years ago we were Immersed In
depression, and even this year there were
conditions that seemed to be working for
revolution and panic! "If the crops fall
us," said some, "God help us." Well, the
crops have not failed us, and all Is secure.
Shalt we then proceed to eat, drink and
make merry and forget all about the causes
of our recent dismay, and the laws of right
living and sober economics?
What are we In danger of forgetting?
1. The proper use of our prosperity.
Even a short time ago we became painfully
aware that we were living too fast; that
we were feasting upon luxuries, that we
were dissipating our strength, with the
recklessness of a spendthrift and a drunk
ard. But It appears that our resources are
Inexhaustible. Tb,e earth has bequeathed
us another fortune. Shall we forget all
about our recent experiences?
I. Abundance of wealth breeds over
speculation and reckless gambling with the
whole train of attendant evils. Shall we
forget the lesson of 191?
. Speculative Inflation leads to over
straining of credit. The last time prices
reached their present height the money
market was strained almost to the break
ing point. Shall we forget the experiences
t. We have had a period of "social un
rest." That Is what we called It. In reality
it was a period of moral awakening. The
revelations of graft la business have shaken
confidence In our financial leaders. There
has been a loud cry for government reg
ulation of the corporations, and for a
higher standard of trusteeship. But If we
are all making money, what matters it If
there b violation of law? Shall ws bow
forget the leaaons ut iA and lx I
OTHER LAD8 THAU Otn.
foreigners now may not only travel la
any part of Japan, but may reside and do
business anywhere. Their status In Japan
Is almost Identical with that whlcj the
westerners have In another country smong
themselves. Tha lex loci of Jaran governs
every person who finds himself In the lands
of Jnnan. The llablllt;- to arrent. prosecu
tion, punishment and appeal applies to na
tives and foreigners alike. All'forelgnera
may sue and be sued In Japanese courts.
Any compnny made up of foreigners can
own lnnd If they admit even hut one Japie
nese subject Into their company. Mining
concessions can only be granted to Japa
nese subjects and to companies formed ac
cording to Japanese laws; but any foreigner
may be a partner In1 any company which
works mines; In other words. In mining
matters, foreigners may be partners with
Japanese or may own shares In a Japanese
mining compnny. There are some banking
and shipping companies In which foreigners
cannot participate. These are exceptions
under supervision of the government and
are very few In number. These Include sub
sidized companies. It Is not thought wise
to subfidlzo foreign shareholders. The
banks which are under the protection of the
Jnpanese government are also closed to
foreign ownership. Nor, as yet, can for
eigners, for military reasons, own shares
In tha Japanese private railways. This
point, however, may be considered, for the
present, as a pending quentlon. The sphere
of foreigners In Japan Is very large.
One of the Chinese ministers station!
abroad, who keeps himself In touch with
Chinese students studying In various coun
tries, having It brought home to him that
when these students return to China there
will be an agitation for a parliament, has
taken time by the forelock by writing to
Prince Chlng and suggesting his advising
the throne to grant a parliament to the
country. The question was accordingly first
referred to Viceroys Yuan 8hlh-k'al, Chang
Chlh-tung and Tsen Ch'unhsuen, these three
being considered most enlightened of the
high officers of the crown In the provinces,
for their views on tho matter. Their Joint
reply was that, as the country Is not pre
pared for a parliament, the best way to
educate the people up to the point required
n- i .1 .1 KA l . .
..c 4i .-mn province to nave an
assembly consisting of members of the ren
try and men of ability and means selected
uy me various cities and townships to
represent them at their provincial eanltals.
The duty of these representatives will be to
consider concerning provincial public works,
educational Institutions and the like and to
advise the governor or provincial treas
urer on them. After sufficient experience
and insight into such public questions have
been gained, then, and not till then, they
reply, can a parliament In the broader sense
oe granted; otherwise nothing but confu
slon and anarchy will ensue and the best
efforts of those desiring the progress of
tneir country be brought to naught.
The economic condition of Ireland seems
to be steadily growing worse. Emigration
is on the Increase, notwithstanding tho
establishment of some new Industries In
various parts of the country within the
past few years, re-enforced by the anti-
emigratlon efforts of the Gaelic league.
Farmers find it difficult to obtain agri
cultural laborers, even at a very high
rate of wages compared with the fate
paid a decade ago. Agriculture, the chief
Industry of the country for centuries, la
steadily declining. A smaller acreage Is
being cultivated year after year. Cattle
and sheep raising and dairying exhibit
similar downward tendencies. The com
petition of foreign countries in which land
Is cheap compared with the artificial' value
of Irish land grows keener year after
year. The Department of Agriculture for
Ireland, which was founded five or six
years ago, with Sir Horace Plunkett at
Its head, ha Just Issued a report In which
some Interesting facts are presented re
specting the Increased volume of foreign
competition with Irish agriculturists.
According to the Russkl Invalid, the
Japanese armies in the nVld number from
650,000 to 600,000 men. That is the Russian
official estimate". This force oonslsts of
nineteen divisions, six of which are newly
formed, and twenty-two reserve brigades.
The battalions number from 3S8 to 404,
giving a total of from 430,000 to 450,000 bayo
nets. Leaving out the reserve and depot
force, the cavalry numbers at least seven
teen regiments. General Kurokl of the
First army has from 104 to 108 battalions,
equal to 115,000 to 130,000 bayonets; Gen
eral Oku of the Second army has 100 to
104 battalions, numbering 110,000 to 115,000
bayonets. General Nogl of the Third army
has 78 to 80 battalions, composed of 86,000
to 90,000 bayonets. General Nodxu, Fourth
army, occupies the center of the Japanese
armies with 40 battalions and 45,000 bayo
nets. General Kawamura, Fifth army,
closes the list with 66 to 70 battalions, com
prising 73,000 to 80,000 bayonets. All these
five armies have telephonic connection and
are so placed that they can act In quick
conjunction with each other. In addition,
an army Is mobilised for the maritime
' After Russia, Germany la the richest
country In children. For every 10,000 In
habitants there are 363 living births a year,
as against only 226 In France. Henca the
Increase of population In Germany Is corre
spondingly great. In the course of the
nineteenth century the population within
the present territory of the empire has
much more than doubled, In spite of the
considerable numbers of Germans who
have emigrated during this time. In 1816
there were 24.800,000 souls In the territory
of the" present empire, while today (1900)
there are 66,300,000, which corresponds to a
yearly average Increase of 1 per cent,
while more than 5.000,000 Germans have
emigrated from their homes during the
nineteenth century. In order to measure
the meaning of these figures we must
compare them with those of a country
like France, which la practically stationary
in Its population. In the middle of the
century there were as many people In
France as in Germany. In 1S45 there were
In Germany 34.400,000, In France, S4.6O0.0ijO,
while In 1820 France had nearly 4,000,000
more than Germany. Today the French
population has risen only to 35.500,000, and
is, therefore, more than 2O,0u0,00O behind
Since the revolt of the Potemkln, Sebas
topol and the adjoining country have been
placed permanently under martial law "for
the protection and security of the In
habitants," as the edict reads. After
dusk no one dare leave his house. New
arrivals are rigorously Interrogated, and
if their explanations are not considered
satisfactory they are sent to prison; arrests
are increasing. The re-establlshment of
order that Is the excuse for all this has
caused such a panic, even among what
the official paper calls the "well Inten
tloned." that squally with criminals they
have fled, leaving everything behind them.
At Bebastopol. as at Odessa, business is
completely at a standstill, the most active
and Intelligent of the population have
been exiled or arrested and the pleasure
resorts at Balaklava, Yalta and other places
on the Crimean coast are empty. On the
other hand, the prisons, the casemates of
the old forts and tha barracks arc filled
France will have a new president at the
end of President Loubefs term next year,
for the very good reason that a second
term for a French president would give
him fourteen years In office. The republic
could not stand two terms, and the reason
Is obvious. The cry of Caeaarlsm would at
tmce ba rained, not without Justification,
Steelniaster Frlrk of Pennsylvania Is
boomed for United 8tatea senator. Soma
people think that Poles Penrose did not get
a life Job when Matt Quay made him sens
tor. Senator Clark of Montana has so much
money that he does not know how to keep
It within bounds. Let him start a few
democratic newspapers and watch his pile
grow beautifully less.
The New Tork Sun Isi shouting for the
re-election of Mayor McClellnn and Pis
trlrt Attorney Jerome. The opposition to
McClellan Is gravitating toward former
Mayor Schieren of Brooklyn.
Borne heartless enemies of Oenersl Gros
venor nre trying to throw him down while
he Is cut of the country. The famous
prophet of Ohio will be hotie next month
and then his opponents will Jump Into their
Ban Francisco promises to give Milwau
kee a lively run for ths graft record.
Grand Juries In both cities are giving the
political small fry a rest and "going up
higher." Mayor Bchmlts and Mayor Rose
are now under fire.
Robert M. Burnett of Boston, who Is fre
quently spoken of as a possible democratic
candidate for governor of Massachusetts,
Is a wealthy and leading business man, who
has long rendered efficient service In keep
ing up the party organization In his. state.
Ho Is Identified with large undertakings,
llks the recent gas consolidation of Bos
ton, and nobody stands higher as a citizen
and business man than he.
Delaware furnishes the saddest spectacle
In the crooked politics of that state. Boss
Addlcks Is shooting the chutes at a furious
rate and he hasn't a return ticket. His
yacht and his model dairy farm hare been
seized for debt, and his old henchmen,
faithful while his money held out, are
chasing other sources of provender. For
twelve years the gasman struggled for the
senatorshlp and spent money lavishly, but
In vain. The failure of money to land the
prize Is conspicuous by Its rarity.
"Big Tim" Sullivan, a Tammany con
gressman, is bark from a trip to Europe
chock full of Information which ha dis
penses In short-arm chunks. Here Is a sam
ple: "If we had municipal ownership In
New York. Tammany would be In power for
the next 150 years. Chicago Imported a
Scotchman to Instruct the Chlcagoans In
municipal ownership. He came from Glas
gow, I think. Why, say. In Glasgow they
are talking of disfranchising the employes
on the tramways because the reformers
over there they're ones on the outs, Just
like they are here say the votes of the
men are controlled by the party In power.
Give us municipal ownership In New York
and Gabriel will find Tammany ruling New
York when he blows the wake-up horn."
KNOWS RILES OP THE GAME.
Governor Mickey's Deflnttlon of
"Ringers' Withstands AH Testa.
St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
Recent comment along the line of de
fining the rules of play In pitching horse
shoes has started a somewhat virulent dis
cussion In the Nebraska press. A few of
the newspapers, believed to be Inimical to
the political ambitions of Governor Mickey,
are Insisting that the strictest definition of
what constitutes a "ringer" Is necessary, in
order to shut out pretenders and all who can
not claim the very highest excellence. The
Inference left, though not expressed, la
that the "ringer," of which so many have
bean scored up to the credit of Governor
Mickey, Is not a "ringer" In the most ap
proved sense of ths word. Some of them
seek to leave the governor under suspicion
of having been given marks on shoes the
two ends of which did not lie far enough
In front of the stake to allow a line to be
drawn between them wlthoiX. touching the
stake at any point. The governor meets
this covert attack by saying that the only
proper system of counting Is that which
calls for the points to be at least a quarter
of an Inch In front of the stake and point
ing to the spot where the thrower stands.
Thus far at least Governor Mickey has
cleared himself of any suspicion of a want
of familiarity with the game, or with any
desire to use his high rank to put the points
a shadow of a line back of the one which
counts In "honor bright." The governor
of Nebraska will take no unfair advantage,
and he evidently knows the rules of
the game. But that he should ask If It Is
good form In playing to let the right sus
pender fall down over the hip, grieves us
sore. It argues that Governor Mickey
pitches horseshoes with his suspenders i n
his shoulders, and that he Is even in douot
as to whether one of them should be al
lowed to droop. The masters of the game
wear neither right nor left. If there are
"one gallua" farmers In Nebraska they are
not of those who are now giving the state
high place as a foremost exemplar of the
manly sport of pitching quoits. Thefe Is
but one man In the world the "one-gallus"
farmer may reasonably hope to beat at
horseshoes, and that Is a two-gallus one.
To make a "ringer," the muscles of a
man which" are In the shoulders and back.
and not the arms, are drawn from left to
right and from right to left. If Governor
Mickey throws with his right, the muscles
he will bring Into play In doing so will be
those of the left shoulder and back, and
not those of the right. Wherefore It Is the
left suspender which should be unreefed
If only one Is ta go, but we advise the gov
ernor to lower both of these sails and fly
light before the wind, since that Is the
only way to score "ringers" when a heavy
wind Is blowing. Or, If he be the best
player in Nebraska, let him wear one gallus
as a handicap and give the other boys a
chance. We would admonish him, however,
that Mr. Bryan, who has been playing the
one-gallus game In Nebraska for some
time, has not scored a "ringer" yet
You walk with
her, you rock her,
you give her sugar,
you try all kinds
But she coughs
all through the long
night, just the same I
No need spending another
night this way. Just a dose
or two of Ayer's Cherry
Pectoral will soothe the
throat, quiet the cough, insure a good night's rest.
Ask your doctor about the wisdom of your
keeping this remedy in the house, ready for these
night coughs of the children. Doctors have the
formula. They know all about this medicine.
t O. Arm
ATTl'f Win TUKy?sf t0 k,lf.
AIaa'2 tbtrIIX-lM iUUssa.
COMrREIIEHslVB GOOI TltlTS.
Prosperity of Proaresa, of Develop
ment and Sfn Enterprise.
St. Louis R.publlo.
All hnnd are busily at work everywhere.,
the Indisputable evidences are for enorm
ous crops, trade conditions are of the best
and the general ofitlook for prosperity could
scarcely be Improved.
The Tom Lawson and Ida Tarbells have
had their say and the fabric of things
remains unshaken. Tbe country' win not go
to pieces yet for a while. The Equitable a
troubles have created no more than a
ripple on the general surface of affairs.
Bank presidents have defaulted and sui
cided, but the system of banks Is Intact
and sound. Oet-rich-qulck concerns have
gono under, but confidence remains unim
paired In legitimate business. All together
the signs tehd to bolster up optimism.
If there ever was such a condition as Is
deserllwd by the term "good times" the
condition would seem to be at hand. The
country hns never enjoyed a more general
and comprehensive prosperity. It Is the
prosperity of progress, of development, of
expansion and Improvement and new enter
prise. Underneath our s-eneral and nmati.t.1
activities are the firmest foundations of
national trade, of finance, credit nnd gold
production. In a word, our enterprise Is
generously and substantially flnnnced. The
country Is In a position to tiuah r,ror.t
Under such circumstances the man who
Is not an optimist does not deserve to be
In business. He Is Incapable of rending
the signs of the times tin ink.
courage but common Intelligence. He Is of
no Hovaniage enner to himself or to his
community. Business would bo better o(t
At this time one of the h.,.lmt.i. k-
reckoned with Is the man who asserts that
Decnuse we have had several years of pros
perity we are due for an Interruption and
a reverse. This "reasoning" Is empty of
logic Certainly It can have no force when
the foundations of commercial and finan
cial strength are so evident as at present.
WHITTLED. TO A POI.T.
Hook I don't think Longbow always
sticks to the tmth.
Nye I should say he doesn't. Why. that
fellow lies like a tomDstone.-I'hlladolphia
"No ''0U rCad BhakMPettr mueh?"
"But you said you odmlred him."
les What I chiefly admire about him
Is that you are perfectly safe In saving his
plays are great without going to the troubla
of reading them." Washington Star.
Caller And what will you be when you
TJttla lUr! A iwl, .1 t . ,
. . n nirii iiouiru; Will (lnre
waken me in the morning. New York Bun.
Customer (handing over - the money) I
want to be euro about It. Can you
guarantee that this stuff will kill oft the
- - n r. . ' ' ..',", up hub ooiii i guar
antee It absolutely, ma'am If you can get
tham t n t .1 L. 1. 11 . ,
.... ... ,1 Bivuiuiug io uirecuons.
"I see It's no use to try to be decent and
rpmwnlii 1,1a ' tiui ...in . v. 1
L,, .7 ' ...... u , r-u me i irnn. new l
bill as It saw Itself folded careleniy Into a
roll with a lot of greasy. Ill-smelling bills
of various denominations. "I've kept my
self unspotted from the world thus far but
now I am tainted for the rest of my life!"
Bella-Prof. Muggins tells me that the
first great principle of socialism Is to di
vide with your fellow man.
Tom Not as I understand It. On the con
trary, the first principle of socialism Is to
Induce your fellow man to divide with
Madame Fly-Do you know that you era
merit1?"1" and a half lute to your engage
Mr. Fly Excuse me. dearest, but I got
stuck on a piece of paper tn the office, and
couldn t get away ! lietroJt Free Press.
.."T."'1 "fared?" exclaimed Mfss Lieor.
well. I . should v' Mv K... .J.
sank down Into my Uxrs:" . r , r'-y-.rr
....'Ilnpo5"l.1,lp!" retorted her candid friend.
r.vfi?ui1? Lpolhly et Par J'""' waist1
Parke: "I hear your, boy is a crest
?enhde,nimToh?':h M y
Lane: "Can't tell yet. We are wal'ing
t0r."eeuwhlc .C,1"'g' m'r hln most."
Miss Budd-Dldn't I overhear Mr Han
som remark to you that 1 was a pretty
young woman?" ' '
Mlsa Chellus Yes. and you really are
Z.-.yJ . T T.L., V. . . "; nut you'll
...... uiai, x ruiaueipnia ieo;ger.
THE FOOL'S IDENTITY.
B. W. GIUHan In Baltimore American.
You may try to find a reason for the things
some people do,
You may tolerantly figure were you they
and were they you;
You may charitably argue that they had a
For their idiotic capers that annoy you like
But you'll find the av'rage citizen Impa
tient, aa a rule. y
And Inclined to call each cranky chap a
It's the shortest way of naming, and U
saves a lot of time.
While the penalty, you'll notice, pc4Av
neatly fits the crime;
Every man that's reached the age we call
"accountable'' should know
There are certain w..ild.y star.tarda we
' ' w " . V . . IF.,....,
So eaeo new muloulnlur In exDerianca's
Should be wise, or wear the label of a
But and here's an observation you have
maybe never n.ade
All the sudd, st forms of folly are by other
Every break we make la Justified aa easily
And the chump who criticises us Is talking
through his hat.
We can always trace tha wisdom In our
.- r.- t U ' , .4 .1
And It's always t other fallow that's the
Oe . I
4TfS'f PHIE-Psr SfiWustfaH. '
lilkf U C6iU-7 Zljiui s4
ii ii- r ' -' i
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