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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 22, 1893)
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Entered at the Fost-offioe, Cdtambns, Neb.,
pond-class mail matter.
TSSTJXD XTZBY WXDHXSDAY BT
M. K. TURNER & CO.,
TKBKS Or 8UB90BIFTIOH:
Dne year, by mfcU, postage prepaid,...
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EVSpecimea copies mailed free, on applica
tion. TO STJB80BX2ZBS.
When subscribe change their place of resi
dence they should at once notify us by letter or
portal card, giving both their former and their
pr.tent poeUofEce, the first enables us to readily
bad the name on our mailing list, from which,
beiug in type, wo each week print, either on tho
wrapper or on the margin of your Joubmal, the
date to which your subscription is paid or ac
counted for. llemittancea should be made
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fa able to the order of
M. K. TukmB A Co.
All communications, to secure attention, must
ami cannot agree to return uie muuij- .".. .
a uirr.pondent in every school-district oi
TinUe county, one of good judgment, and re-
i:i.t.. : .,.. t MUril. nlainlv aai-h item
I1IUW IU 31G.J OT4.J. y , -- -
etmrately. Give us facto.
WEDNESDAY. FKBKUAKY 22. 1S93.
As immense globe forty-five feet in
diameter will show the earth's surfaco at
the World's Fair.
Accokding to latest dispatches from
Texas the prospect for early fruit and
vegetables is not good.
A fixe ot $20 has just been imposed
upon a Massachusetts grocer for Belling
cigarettes to an eleven year old boy.
Some members of tho state senate who
had planned to go to Topeka to make
peace between tho warring elements
there, gavo it up at tho last moment.
CoMMAXDEIt Chukcii of the G. A. R.
has issued his first order appointing
John E. Evans of North l'lntto assistant
adjutant general and C C. Cannon of
Schuyler assistant quartermaster gen
eral. Tom Reed will yet bo vindicated as
speaker of tho house of representatives
when he hold that tho majority must be
allowed to transact business. It is to be
hoped that tho next houso will succeed
in doing something good, bad or in
different. Nehraskans generally will feel that
the state has been honored by President
elect Cleveland's selection of J. Sterling
Morton of Nebraska City as secretary of
agriculture, and resolutions to this effect
wero unanimously adopted by tho leg
Miss Cynthia Desiiek and Miss Hart
ley living near Denton, this state, are
afflicted with glanders, caught from a
pet pony tho young ladies had been
riding. It is hoped that tho contagion
may be eradicated, as it does not appear
to bo of tho malignant type.
A family named Teichlcnbcrg, con
sisting of husband, wife and two chil
dren, living near Sioux City, are victims
of trichinosis poisoning. Tho father is
expected to die, and the two children
cannot recover. Tho womau will proba
bly recover. They ate pork sausago
Let the railroads of tho country strike
from their pay-roll all railroad attorneys
engaged in politics, all whippcrs-in and
roustalouts, cut off retainers of all
kinds, lower passenger faro and freight
tariffs to a good round profit only on tho
money invested in tho business, then a'l
would be benefited, and tho railroad
question would bo eliminated from pol
itics. TnE committee of tho houso for inves
tigating charges of bribery met Satur
day, Representative Krick of Kearney
county testifying. IIo swore that two
men named Walsh and Roeder offered
himself and Representative Soderman
$1,000 npieco to vote for a candidate for
senator they understood Thurston. Tho
motive, so ho said, was to catch tho
boodlers and expose them.
Speakei: Ckisi has becomo disgusted
with the filibustering in congress, and
declared one day last week: "Tho next
congress will adopt tho old Reed rules,
or something like them, as they havo
come to be absolutely necessary in order
to conduct tho business of tho house."
No doubt ot it. The will of tho majority
must be respected, and tho "machinery"
must bo so arranged as to make it
June Camfheltj, tho people's senator
from Nance county, has introduced a
measure which assesses every mortgage
at its full valuation; if a farmer owns a
farm worth S.J,000, with a mortgage of
$2,000 on it. ho pays taxes only on the
per cent that ho owns ($1,000) while tho
mortgagee pays to the amount of tho
mortgage. Mr. Porter has introduced a
similar measure in tho house. "Cedar
"I always advise vocal lessons as an
aid to the speaking voice, and see no
reason why children should not bo
taught to sing at an early age. They
use their voices from tho cradle, and why
not learn to sing correctly in youth?
Such lessons should ba short, and tho
voice kept only within its natural com
pass, aiming at distinct articulation."
writes Mrs. Ellen Everest, in a most
valuable paper in tho March New
A CAUTooN in Sunday's Inter Ocean
represents G rover Cleveland introducing
to the assembled crowd of democrats, his
right-hand man, the distinguished re
publican, Walter Q. Gresham. In tho
front seats we notice I 'aimer and Grav,
further back are Hill and Croker. The
exit is crowded with democrats, their
backs toward Cleveland, while from
several throats of old democrats comes:
"Rats! Put "im out! Where do we come
in? What are wo hero for?"
The number of sheep in tho United
.States in 1SIJ2 was 1,508.000 greater than
in 1S91, while the clip of wool increased
' in one year 25.G00,(KX) pounds. There
were consumed in American mills in
-1892 50,000,000 more pounds of wool than
in 1891, and 23,GO0.OO0 pounds of this
increase were of domestic wool. With
such acts in plain view let free traders
in wool go in, and seo what they will see
in 1810. Uy that time, u tho democrats
have their way, tho American ram will
be hunted for menagerie purposes.
' Inter Ocean.
There is a bill before the legislature
repealing the law creating tho Stato
. Board or Iransportation. if t!us"bump
". on a log," so to sieak, has ever done any
' thing to justify its existence as an effect
ive part of railroad regulation, we havo
failed to see it. It never was intended
as anything but a "bumper" between the
people and the railroad managers, and
has accomplished this object perfectly,
in sight of all intelligent people. More
. than seventy thousand dollars h:is been
invested in this costly excrescence, and
it is high time it was lopped off the log.
How sweet it is to be n pop, and when
the demo's crack tho whip, how nice for
them to hop. The demos say, you pops
belong to us, and don't you make a move
without consulting us. Wo married you
last November eighth, and are now your
lord and master straight. Remember
now your place, and put on no brazen
face. No impudence will we now allow,
you hayseeds from the plow, Ion may
be good at husking corn and making
hay, but when it comes to making sena
tors, we are the chaps that know the
way, (and we propose to play.) David
V twervo the right to reject any manuscript.
It is one thinr? for n nolitif al nnrtv to
have a battle-cry to gain votes and thus
acquire the reins of government, but it
is another and a quite different thing to
believe your battle-cry and use it as a
working principle when you come into
power. The former may be styled the
trick of politicians, the latter is honest
endeavor at statesmanship, at least. One
is obtaining goods under false pretenses,
the other is paying for what you get, in
the honest money of the land. Don't
judge of a man's character by seeing him
on dress parade. The truth is more
apparent when the subject is not posing
to affect the election. Mullhall's Bal
ance Sheet of the World, an English and
Free Trade authority, says:
"It would be impossible to find a par
allel to the progress of the United States
in the last ten years. Every day that
the sun rises upon the American people
it sees an addition of $2,500,000 to the
accumulation of wealth in the republic,
which is equal to one-third of the daily
accumulation of all mankind outside of
the United States."
This is a fact stated with due delibera
tion, and nothing of our governmental
policy has contributed to it more than
the theory of protection of our own in
dustries and the consequent develop
ment of our natural resources.
One of the crowning glories of civiliza
tion is the fact that the strong care for
and defend the weak, and there is no
better indication that the leaven of true
Christianity is leavening the whole lump
than this one fact, to which the multi
tude of "homos," "hospitals," etc, testify.
The following paragraph clipped from
the lost number of tho Nebraska Mute
Journal, shows a little of what is possi
blo to accomplish with the deaf:
"Miss Rudd attended the First Chris
tian church last Sunday, and waB de
lighted to find that she was able to get
the entire sermon from the pastor's lipB.
Rev. Cramblet is a smooth faced gentle
man who speaks not too fast and very
distinctly. Being seated near the pulpit
Ella caught each sentence perfectly, and
camo home enthusiastic in praise of the
sermon, and herself, becauso she was
able to accomplish this wonderful feat.
At home, Ella is a remarkable lip-reader,
but this is the first instance we have
known of a totally deaf person taking in
a whole sermon from a pew with her
eyes. Rev. Cramblet will be sure to
have at least ono attentive 'hearer' in
future for she will never take her eyes
off of him, as ho talks."
One of the most surprising develop
ments of the day in politics is the ap
pearance of Mr. Henry Villard as a
democratic boss and ono of Mr. Clove
land's confidential friends and advisers.
Mr. Villard is of foreign birth, a million
aire himself and the representative of a
powerful syndicate of foreign capital in
this country. For many years he has
been identified with the management of
tho Northern Pacific railroad, in which
ho and the foreign capitalists he repre
sents have large interests. No man in
tho country has had more practical ex
perience in land grabbing on a largo
scale, in booming railroad towns on
paner. in maninulatiui; terminal sites,
etc., than Mr. Villard. That he should
bo ono of tho confidential friends and
political advisers of a man who made his
race for president as a representative of
Jcffersonian democracy and sworn enemy
of plutocrats seems very strange, to say
the least, yet so it is. Indianapolis
The following concerning the late ox-
l'rcsident Hayes' business methods is
going the rounds of the papers: Only a
few weeks before his death ox-President
Hayes told a western interviewer that ho
had turned over to his sons all his busi
ness matters. "For instance," said he,
"1 intend to make a trip to Baltimore
tomorrow, and in the morning, just be
fore I start, I will got down to tho bank
and ;isk Rud for some money. I will
probably say to him: 'Rud, I am going
to Baltimore, and I think I had better
have about $200 for the trip.' And, just
as like as not, Rud will answer: 'Father,
that's too much; I don't think you need
more than $150.' And I suppose I will
take it. That's the way I used to do
with him, and that's the way ho does
with me now."
The World-Herald says that Al.
Beemer, whom Gov. Crounse has just
appointed warden of tho penitentiary at
a salary of $1,500, is a wealthy man,
"big, six-foot, with more health and
vitality than half the men in Nebraska,"
and wants to know "what business he
has drawing money from the pension
bureau when ho is plenty able to sup
port himself and twenty families be
sides, ir necessary." It does seem that
the democratic papers are trying to
create a public sentiment linking insep
arably tho three words "pauper, sol
dier, pensioner." The right-minded,
well-informed citizens of the United
States appreciate the value of tho ser
vices of the cit'zen soldiers, and will
never tolerate a stigma upon them.
From our regular correspondent.
Is the victorious democratic party on
tho evo of disruption? Democrats of
national prominence in congress private
ly express the belief that it is, and pre
dict that long before tho end of tho
administration to begin noxt month the
separation between the wings will be
open and final. The principal cause of
this belief is the wide gulf that exists
between Mr. Cleveland and tho southern
and western democrats on the Silver
question, a gulf which the failure of Mr.
(J. to force the repeal by congress of the
present Silver law has widened and made
apparently impassable. Notice has been
publicly served on Mr. Cleveland by
Representative Bland, the leader of tho
Silver democrats in the house, that
further attempts along this line would
bring about a withdrawal of the Silver
men from the party. The forcefulness
of Mr. Cleveland's character is so well
known here that tho general opinion is
that he will continue his fight against
silver by calling an early extra session of
the Fifty-third Congress, unless convinc
ed that a bill for the repeal of the Silver
law would be voted down in either the
house or senate. In that case ho would
postpone calling an extra session until he
had "converted" n sufficient number to
carry his point.
The selection of Judge Walter Q.
Gresham, as the head of the cabinet,
which is accepted here as an accomplish
ed fact, will also be a factor in bringing
about a split in the democratic party. As
a rule the democrats in congress decline
to publicly discuss this selection, but
privately they are showing their anger
and disappointment. The feeling among
them may be judged by the fact that
Senator Gorman, who is ordinarily the
most indifferent of men to newspaper
stories printed of him, took special pains
to go around among the Washington
correspondents and contradict the pub
lished rumor that Gresham had been
selected on his advice. With tho natur
al shrewdness of the tactful political
wirepuller Gorman lost no time in disa
vowing his responsibility for Gresham;
he had seen and noted the effect of the
announcement of his selection upon his
party associates in congress.
Senator Hill has been quietly sounding
the democratic senators to ascertain how
maiiv of them are willing to carry their
opposition to Gresham to the extent of
voting against his confirmation as a
member of the cabinet. If he can secure
the pledges of a sufficient number of
senators to defeat the confirmation he
proposes to do it, although it wouid be
something never before attempted, as it
has been considered one of the unwritten
laws of the senate to confirm cabinet
nominations without question.
Pressure is beitur brought to bear to
have Serjeant-at-Arms Yoder of the
house made commissioner of pensions, if
ine scheme of transferring that bureau
to the War Department and suspending
the pensions of all widows married since
1870; of all men having an income in ex
cess of $G00 a year, and, except for total
incapacity, of all alien non-residents,
fails, as it will. The commissionership I
is merely to be used as a stepping stone '
to the democratic nomination for Gover
nor of Ohio. The claim is made ly
Yoder's friends that his connection with
the U. V. U. will enable him to get the
votes of a sufficient number of old sol
diers, heretofore republicans, to anchor
Ohio permanently in the democratic
The house committee of ways and
means is on a wild goose chase after a
silly newspaper rumor alleging that Sec
retary Foster had agreed to sell S50,000,
000 worth of bonds to a suydicate of
New York bankers for gold. There is
not a word of truth iu the rumor. Sec
retary Foster lias made no agreement to
sell bonds and hits no intention of mak
ing such an agreement, and he has no
idea thut tho financial situation will be
such during this administration as to
causo him to even take such a step into
serious consideration. Besides, it is well
known to those who enjoy the President's
confidence that he would not permit an
issue of bonds.
The democrats in the houso nttempted
to railroad the proposed radical changes
in the pension laws through tho house
without debate, but they wero hauled up
short by the republicans, who told them
hey would fillibubtor until the end of the
session if tho fullest debate wero not
allowed. The debute will go on this
Tho President has fully made up his
mind, and will, it is thought this week,
send n message to congress favoring
Hawaiian annexation. A majority of
congress favors annexation, but some of
the democrats would prefer to postpone
it until the next administration, and it is
possible they may attempt to do so.
It is really amusing to hear tho demo
crats with their big majority in the
houso plead the baby act and try to
charge the republicans with tho respon
sibility of defeating Mr. Cleveland's
Food That has Been Kept for Ajse.
"I have eaten apples that ripened more
than 1,80(1 years ago, bread made from
wheat grown before thechildren of Israel
passed through the Red Sea, spread it
with butter that was made when Eliza
beth v:is queen of England, and washed
down the repast with wine that was old
when Columbus was playing barefoot
with tho boys of Genoa," said a gentle
man at tho club tho other day.
The remarkable "spread" was given by
an antiquary named Gorbel, in the city
of Brussels, in 1871. Tho apples were
from a jar taken from tho ruins of Pom
peii, that bnried city to whose people we
owo our knowledge of canning fruit.
The wheat was taken from a chamber
in one of the smaller pyramids, the but
ter from a stone shelf in an old well in
Scotland, where it had lain iu an earth
enware crock in icy water, and the wine
came from uu old vault iu tho city of
There were six guests at the table, and
each had a mouthful of breaJ and a
teaspoonful of wine, but was permitted
to help himself liberally to the butter,
there being several pounds of it.
Tho apple jar held altoiit two-thirds of
a gallon, and tho fruit was as sweet as
though put up yesterday.- Chicago
Cheap Uate to the Inauguration.
For the inauguration of Cleveland and
Stevenson at Washington on March -Jth
excursion tickets, reading via Baltimore
and Ohio Railroad, "The Picturesque
Route," will be placed on sale at the
ticket offices of principal railroads of tho
west, as well as at the ticket offices or the
Baltimore and Ohio tympany. Tho fare
from Chicago will be $17.50 for the
round trip. These tickets will be sold
from February 28th to March Urd inclu
sive, and will be valid for return journey
until March 8th inclusive.
Tho Baltimore and Ohio is the short
est routo to Washington from nearly all
points West. Its trains are vestibuled
from end to end, and carry Pullman
No railroad in America is better equip
ped than the B. tc O. to transport with
dispatch, safety, and comfort tho largo
crowd which will visit Washington to
witness tho inauguration ceremonies. Its
long oxoorience in transporting crowds
to former inaugurations, G. A. Jt. En
campments, Knights Templar Conclave,
and similar gatherings, on an extensive
scale, will prove most valuable in arrang
ing for tho coming inauguration.
For more detailed information as to
rates, timo of trains, etc., apply to L. S.
Allen, As-sf. Gen'l. Passenger Agent, The
Rookery, Chicago, or O. P. McUarty
Asst. Gen'l. Passenger Agent, Cincin
nati, Ohio. 2
hTATK 1'KESS ASSOCIATION.
ASncressftil Annual Meeting-liiisinexs and
All day Thursday editors from differ
ent parts of tho stato came on tho-in-coming
trains. Thursday evening a
public ontertainment was given at tho
Congregational church. Rev. Elliott
opened with prayer, and S. C. Gray, in
the absence of Mayor Schupbach, wel
comed the visitors to tho city and was
responded to by W. O. Jones of the
Lincoln Journal. Mrs. C. J. Garlow
furnished two selections of music and
little Laura Davis recited "My Papa's
only un Editor." Chancellor Canfield
of the State University then delivered
an oration on "Tho Power of the Press,"
which was listened to with wrapt atten
tion throughout. Tho address was
thoroughly instructive and interesting.
The association decided to publibh the
full address in their annual report.
The real work began Friday morning,
at which time the members met in the
K. of P. hall. President Simmons of the
Seward Reporter delivered the annual
address and received hearty applause
at tho close.
The report of the secretary, Roes
Hammond, showed a balance of $35 in
the treasury, which wili be increased
soon by funds from selling a building
the association owns iu Crete.
Colonel H. M. Bushnell of tho Lincoln
Call gavo a very interesting talk on tho
science of advertising, and finished with
an account of tho way newspapers are
conducted in Central and South Amen
ca. Ho had several papers from those
countries on exhibit, which were exam
ined with interest.
Seth P. Mobley of Grand Island
opened the afternoon session with a
paper "The Nebraska Pretu at tho
Worlds Fair." Mr. Mobley is at tho
head of the Nebraska exhibit and is
giving it a great deal of lime and at
tention. 1'aiier.s by T. E. Sedgwick of the York
Times "What Should we Print?" and
"The Premium Offer Plan" by A. H.
Betzer, of the David City News, were
good and brought out lively discussions.
F. E. Edgecombe of the Falls City
Journal was elected president. Vice
presidents wero elected as follows: First
congressional district, C. M. Hubner,
Nebraska City News; second, C. E.
Byars, Valley Enterprise; third, M. K.
Turner, Columbus Journal; fourth, E.
Whitcomb, Friend Telegraph; fifth, S.
R. Razee, Curtis Courier; sixth, F. D.
Reed, Shelton Clipper; secretary and
treasurer, Ross Hammond.
Delegates to national convention, H.
M. Bushuell, Lincoln Call; Major
Kleutsch, .Lincoln; M. A. Brown, Kear
ney; F. G. Simmons, Seward; W. N.
Huse, Norfolk. Alternates. Sedgwick
of York; Wahlquist of Hastings; Wes
sell of Lincoln; Whitcomb of Friend and
D. F. Davis of this city.
Friday evening the citizens gave the
visitors a banquet at the Meridian hotel,
at which about one hundred and fifty
guests were present. D. F. Davis acted
as toast-master and made nearly every
man in the room nervous by informing
them that -he was liable to call on any
one for a speech, and those who refused
to act would be doused in the Loup
river. The speeches were entirely im
promptu and tho result was some very
bright nnd witty things were said. Fol
lowing, we give the names of the speak
ers with their subjects. Mr. Bushnell,
"Columbue, Our Host;" Ber. Scott (Co
lumbus) "Tho Press and Pulpit;" Sim
mons, "Why Should the Spirit of Mortal
be Proud?" Hubner, "The Ladies;"
Ritchhart, "Scoops;" Edgecorab, "The
Association, its Objects and Aims;"
Razee, "Our Surplus."
Tho lady visitors who came with their
husbands were: Mrs. Ross Hammond,
Fremont; Mrs. Brown, Kearney; Mrs.
Reed, Shelton; Mrs. Reed, Gibbon; Mrs.
Barber, Fullerton; Mrs. Brown, Hast
ings; Mrs. Whitcomb, Friend; Mrs.
Bradford, Platte Center.
The editors enrolled were:
Tho following editors were registered
on the roll of members of the Association:
A. P. Childs, Democrat, Wayne.
W. H. McNeal, Herald, Wayne.
E. W. Renkin, Sentinel, Hooper.
Judsen Graves, Advocate, Neligh.
W. T. Bartlett, Criterion, Jackson.
J. N. Kilian, Wochenblatt, Columbus.
Ross L. Hammond, Tribune, Fremont.
A. J. Watson, Blade, Coleridge.
W. K. Lay, Creamery Messenger, Co
lumbus. H. C. Akin, W. N. Union, Omaha.
A. Wannfried, " " "
M. H. Barber, Journal, Fullerton.
J. F. Ritchart, Tribune, South Omaha.
C. L Bowlby, Democrat, Crete.
D. IL Cronin, Frontier, O'Neill.
J. D. Kleutsch, Free Press, Lincoln.
S. R. Razee, Conner, Curtis.
Seth P. Mobley, Independent, Grand
R. H. Brown, Nebraskan, Hastings.
C. E. Byers, Enterprise, Valley.
H. M. Crane, Echo, Bloomiugton.
H. R. Ellsworth, Democrat, Humphrey.
F. O. Edgecomb, Journal, Falls City.
F. D. Reed, Clipper, Shelton.
M. A. Brown, Hub, Kearney.
H. A. McCormick, Democrat, S. Sioux
M. K. Turner, Journal, Columbus.
W. O. Jones, Journal, Lincoln.
Chas. Wooster, Times, Silver Creek.
A. J. T. Kaempter, Independent, Ris
V. O. Chapman, Videtto, Crete.
F. M. Kimmell, Tribune, McCook.
F. G. Simmons, Reporter, Seward.
W. E. Dayton, Republican, York.
.1. W. Johnson, Lincoln.
11. M. Bushuell, Call, Lincoln.
T. E. Sedgwick, Times, York.
A. 11. Betzer, News, David City.
W. Saunders, Argus, Columbus.
O. W. Davis, Index, Salem.
Cy. Thurman, Charles Hubner, News,
Ed. Whitcomb, Telegraph, Friend.
The next annual meeting of the asso
ciation will be held at Lincoln.
havi: WE OIL?
If Nut 'that, Have we Cus or Coal?
Joseph Henggler, who lives in tho
Shell creek valley, is pretty confident
that that immediate section of country is
possessed of oil, ami whether of gas and
coal ho is not yet quito convinced.
As a l)oy herding cattle, ho obt-orved a
spring of water issuing from the side of
a ravine a hundred yards from the well
about In be referred to; it was a constant
flow whether the beason w;is wet or dry,
and the head of the flow must bo up tho
creek or liiero mubt bo direct pressure
from immediate! beneath the spring.
Around this place he gathered black,
band, glimmer," something that looked
like gold and the soil nearby had a rusty
appearance. In boring wells near tho
place the clay was found rusty clear
dow n. Nothing like it anywhere around,
so far as he knows.
On George llengglor's place north of
Shell Creek there is a peculiar well. It
is what is known as a bored well, 12
inches in diameter and about fifty feet
deep. In this is a pipe 1 14 iuches in
diameter; tiio water escape is twenty
feet from tho surfaco (usuully they aro
placed hero from 4 to G feet); in real cold
weather thoro is a roaring sound in the
well not caused by wind above the sur
face of the earth, becauso the roaring is
distinct in quiet weather; two years ago
tho water in tho pipo of this well was
frozen down twenty feet, ho that tho
pipes burst and were taken up, this lino
of frost determining tho point for tho
"escape" hole thereafter; last winter the
water in the pipe froze again (notwith
standing the escape so low down), and
tho well was left unused till spring,
when tho ice thaw od out of course.
Just here wo may state that since
talking with Mr. Henggler, we had a
conversation with H. M. Crano of the
Bloomiugton Echo, who tells us that in
Franklin county, at Macon, thoro is a
well about 1!M) feet deep that has a roar
ing sound, tho air sometimes gushing
out and at other times drawn in, and
that the water iu the tube freezes to a
considerable depth, he didn't remember
just how far, but promieed us to send a
full description when ho returned home.
Near this well on George Henggler's
place aro springs in the ravines north,
and around them aie indications similar
to the first ono described. An oily coat
gathers on the water, the ground is soft
and swampy and a sulphur color pre
dominates. Mr. Henggler thinks that the lay of
tho country and tho surfaco indications
are pretty good evidence of coal below,
and the roaring and freezing in tho well,
he is convinced, is a strong evidence of
oil beneath, his reasoning being that in
cold weather the condensation of the
body of oil below draws the cold air into
the well, and thus causes the freezing of
tho water. IIo has done some experi
menting to prove his theory, and be
lieves ho has struck the right explanation.
It is proposed to immediately start
boring into the earth to seo what is there,
and wo could hope that there may be
found not only oil, bnt conl and gas.
FA KM Kits AMI MERCHANTS KLKVATOU
Constitution Ailopti-d and the Othtr Work
of Organization Started.
Monday, a large number of farmers
and merchants met at tho Clother
House for the purpose of organizing an
association to handle grain.
Mr. Dodds was selected as chairman
ami Mr. Wagner as secretary of the
A committee on constitution nnd by
laws, appointed at a previous meeting,
made their report through Mr. Saun
ders, their secretary, and the constitu
tion, as presented, with some blanks
filled and a few alterations made, was
Tho capital stock was fixed at $10,000,
shares $'25 each, no one man to own
more than eight shares. The limit of
liability is fifty per cent of the stock
paid up; the organization to run twenty
A. W. Clark, J. O. Blodgott and Stove
Wagner wvro appointed a committee to
The meeting adjourned to 1 p. m.,
Saturday next, Feb. 25, at Clother house.
The jury in the case of the Citting
hanging affair brought in a verdict
Saturday, finding the defendants, Peter
Botch, Peter Jelch, George Botch, Jan.
Frohling, Grant Collins and James Mar
shall, guilty of assault with intent to do
great bodily harm. Sentence was de
ferred until Monday, when the defen
dants attorneys filed a motion for a new
trial. The court again deferred the sen
tence, granting ten days time to consider
tho question of a new trial. To those
who attended the trial, outside of the
interested parties, tho verdict seems to
give general satisfaction. If a new trial
is not granted the sentenco will prob
ably be imprisonment in the penitentiary
for from two to five years each. The
prisoners are out on bail awaiting the
decision of the court. The way of the
transgressor is hard. Leigh World.
List of letters remaining in the post
office at Columbus, Nebraska, for the
week ending Feb. 21, 1893:
Wm. C. Schulz. W. B, Pierce.
Mr. Charlea Katermon, Mre. Kmma Plagemann,
Mr. P. II. Pender. Mrs. N. P. Ecklee,
Mr. Edwin Eley, J. H. Warner,
Sir. (Jeo. A. Coleman. Frank Arner.
Parties calling for the above letters I
will please say "advertised." I
Cabii Kbameb, P. M. I
A Boy Accidentally Kill Hi Brother.
Friday last, Fred. Berberg, a boy 14
years old, was, with other children of his
father's family, standing near the stove
of their dwelling, and Fred, had a shot
gun, not supposed to be loaded, thrown
over his arm; in some way or other the
contents were discharged, killing Charles
F. Berberg, 8 years old. The family live
Coroner Heintz was not notified until
late Saturday and arrived in the neigh
borhood after dark. A jury was empau
neled Sunday, who rendered a verdict of
death by accidental shooting.
For the week ending Monday evening
last, as observed at Van Schoik's drug
store, where is a government thermome
ter, absolutely correct and placed in
position so outside elements cannot
Highest temperature dnriug week. . .GO3
Lowest " " "... :i
Average " " " ...29
The Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul
Ry is the only line running solid vest
ibuled, electric lighted anu steam heated
trains between the Missouri river and
Chicago, consisting of new palace sleep
ing cars, elegant free reclining chair
cars, luxurious coaches and the finest
dining cars in the world. The berth
reading lamp in its palace sleeping cars
is patented and cannot bo used by any
other railway company. It is the great
improvement of the age. Try it and be
convinced. Close connection in union
dfj'ot at Omaha with all trains to and
fr.nn the west. For further particulars
apply to your ticket agent, or
F. A. Nash, Gen'l Agt.
W. S. Howelij,
Traveling Fr't. and Pass. Agt.,
lljantf 1501 Farnain St.. Omaha, Neb.
We want every mother to know that
croup can be prevented. True croup
never appears without a warning. The
first symptom is hoarseness; then the
child appears to have taben a cold or a
cold may have accompanied the hoarse
ness from the start. After that a pe
culiar rough cough is developed, which
is followed by the crup. The time to
net is when the child first becomes
hoarse; a few doses of Chamberlain's
Cough Remedy will prevent the attack.
Even after a rough cough has appeared
the disease may be prevented by using
this remedy aBdirected. It has never
been known to fail. 25 cent, 50 cent
and $1 bottles for sale by C. E. Pollock
& Co. and Dr. Heintz, druggists. tf
"I havo just recovered from a sec
ond attack of the grip this year," says
Mr. James O. Jones, publisher of the
Leader, Mexia, Texas. "In the latter
case I used Chamberlain's Cough Rem
edy, and I think with considerable suc
cess, only being in lied a little over two
days, against ten days for the first at
tack. The second attack I am satisfied
would have been equally as bad as the
finst but for the use of this remedy, as I
had to go to bed in about six hours after
being 'btruck' with it, while in tho first
case 1 was able to attend to business
about two days before getting 'down.' "
50 cent bottles for sale by C. E. Pollock
& Co. and Dr. Heintz, Druggists. tf
Some foolish people allow a cough
to run until it gets beyond the reach of
medicine. They often say, "Oh, it will
wear away, but in most cases it wears
them away. Could they be induced to
try the successful medicine called
Kemp's Balsam, which is sold on a posi
tive guarantee to cure, they would im
mediately 6ce the excellent effect after
taking the first dose. Price 50c and $1.
Trial size free. At all druggists. SJ-y
There is no danger from whooping
cough when Chamberlain's Cough Rem
edy is freely given. It liquefies the
tough, tenacious mucus nnd aids in its
expectoration. It also lessens the se
verity and frequency of the paroxysms
of coughing, and insures a speedy re
covery. There is not the least danger
in giving it to children or babies, as it
contains no injurious substance. 50 cent
bottles for sale by G. E. Pollock fc Co.
and Dr. Heinz, Druggists. tf
When Baby wan sick, we gave her Castoria.
Vt'hca &ht) was a. Child, she cried for Cutorla.
When bhe became Miaa, she cliui to Castoria.
When she had Children, she gate thorn Castoria.
You never can be just quito certain
of the weather, even in Nebraska, which
has more fine days in tho year than any
other state we know of. Philosophers
say that it is by the changes of things,
the varieties of surroundings nnd
emotions that human nature is devel
oped. Probably that is tho reason we
havo so many groat men and noble
women in Nebraska.
The homeliest man in Columbus as
well as the handsomest, and others are
invited to call on any druggist and get
free a trial bottle of Kemp's Balsam for
the throat and lungs, a remedy that is
Belling entirely upon its merits and is
guaranteed to relieve and cure all
chronic and acute coughs, asthma, bron
chitis and consumption. Large bottles
50 cents and SI. All druggists. 3.3-y
Rheumatism Cured in a Day. "Mys
tic Cure" for Rheumatism and Neuralgia
radically cures in 1 to 6 days. Its nction
upon the system is remarkable and mys
terious. It removes at once the cause
and tho disease immediately disappears.
The first dose greatly benefits, 75 cents.
Sold by A. Heintz, druggist, Colum
bus, Neb. 14-y
To any of our readers who wish a
Chicago paper, we make the following
offer: The Colusibcs Journal the
Semi-weekly Lincoln Journal (published
Tuesdays and Fridaysof each week), and
the Inter Ocean, all one year, when paid
in advance, for 82.70. Call nnd see us;
we can start your subscription at any
English Spavin Liniment removes all
hard, soft or calloused lumps and blem
ishes from horses, Blood Spavin, Curbs,
gplints, Ring Bone, Sweeney, Stifles,
Sprains, Sore nnd Swollen Thront,
Coughs, etc. Save S50 by use of one
lxittle. Warranted the most wonderful
Blemish Cnre ever known. Sold by C.
B. Stillman, druggibt. 2(novlyr
If yon are troubled with rheuma
tism or a lame back, bind on over the
seat of pain a piece of flannel damponed
with Chamberlain's Pain Balm. You
will be surprised at the prompt relief it
affords. 50 cent bottles for sale by C.
E. Pollock & Co. ond Dr. Heintz, drug
St. Patrick's Pities are carefully
prepared from the best material and
according to the most approved formula,
and are the most perfect cathartic and
liver pill that can be produced. We
sell them. C. E. Pollock & Co. and Dr.
Children Cry for
Tuesday afternoon, and nre correct and reliable
at the time.
Hf e ............
9 Jt WJ
a 3 tiVH vO
Of all the great, great newspapers of
the middle and western United States,
the Chicago Inter Ocean, as a paper for
the home, is the best, because it can be
enjoyed by every member of the house
hold, and the papor has not only struck
its gait, but is bettering it every week.
We have made arrangements so that we
can furnish you this paper along with
your other literature. Come and see us
about it, or drop us a line.
Land Office at Grand Island, Neb., )
January 23d. 10. J
Notice is hereby given that the following
named settler has filed notice of his intention to
make final proof in support of his claim, and
that said proof will be made before tho clerk of
the district court at Columbus, Neb., on March
31. 1KB. viz: Is.uic N. (lamer. Timber Culture
Entry No. 72St5, for tho N. V. 4 of section t,
township IB north, of rantro - wot.
He names tho follow inK witnesses to prove his
continuous faithful compliance with the law for
four jeors from date of entry, upon and cultiva
tion of, said land, viz: Martin V. Lane aud
William Graves of Duncan. Nob., and 0-;ar S.
Holden and Henry Lundy of Silver Creek, Neb.
ALWAYS ON HAND A FULL AND NEW LINE
OF GKOCEK1ES WELL SELECTED.
CANNED AND DItlED. OF ALL KIND."
GUARANTEED TO BE OF BEST
DRY GOODS !
A GOOD AND WELL SELECTED STOCK AL
WAYS AS CHEAP AS THE CHEAP
BOOTS & SHOES !
jyTlIAT DEFY COMPETITION."
BUTTER AND EGGS
And all kinds of count rj produce takt-u iu tin
toanypart of the city.
F "L. O U E. !
.1. B. i:i.!4UA!.
NEW YOEK STATE APPLES
Herman Oehlriclu Bro's.
MAO & KOTLAR,
Good Work, Fair Prices.
CORNER TENTH AND NORTH STS.,
HBRHAN OBHLBIGH & BRO.
Offer all kinds of
Field Seeds at VERY
Call and see them.
2 Mar 2 mo.
Dr. CLARK'S INSTITUTE
KOK TUK TUEVTMENT OX THE
Drink Habit !
Also Tobacco, Morphine and
other Narcotic Habits.
tSTrivate treatment Riven if deoired.
COLUMBUS, - - NEBRASKA.
For Information and free Handbook write to
MUNN & CO.. 361 Bboadwat. New York.
Oldest bureau for securing patent in America.
Every patent taken out by us Is brought before
the publics by a notice given free of charge In tho
Largest circulation of any scientific paper in the
world. Splendidly Illustrated. Mo Intelligent
aian should be without It. Weekly. S3. SO a
year; 1LS0 six months. Address MUNN & CO
A new anil Complete Treatment, consisting of
Suppositories, Ointment in Capnules, altto in
Box and Pills; a Positive Curo for External, In
ternal Blind or Bleeding Itching, (lirouic, Ke
centor Hereditary Piles, and many other diseases
and female weaknesses, it i hIwujh a great ben.
eht to the general health. The firbt dincovery of
a medical cure rendering an oixjnttion with the
kuife unnecessary hereafter. This Itemedy has
never been known to fail. SI r Ikx, f for ifi;
tent by mail. Why suffer from this terrible dis
ease when a written guarantee is positively given
with 0 boxes, to refund the money if not cured.
Send stamp for free sample, (juarantm lesueu
by A. HEINTZ, sole agent, Columbne, Neb.
H. E. BILLMD CO.,
General Produce Commission Mer
chants and Shippers.
3449 Cottage Grove Avenue, Chicago, 111.
To all Shippers of Produce. Wanted: Butter,
Cheese. Eggs. Potatoes, Apples, Onions, Beam.
Cabbage. Dried Fruits, Poultry. Game, Veal,
Lamb, Beef, Mutton, Pork, Furs and Hides,
reilS, J.BUOW, Iionej. IWOVIOI, uiuuui ium,
Ginseng Root, Cider, Feathers. Vinegar, Flour,
Buckwheat, etc. Send for our daily bulletin.
Pay cash or sell on commission. A 1 reference
OPENED SEPT. 28.
Are the uew
BOOTS AO SHOES,
Hats and Caps,
Gents' - Furnishing - Goods,
THEIR PLACE OF
Cl : Bill, : TU1I
Tliis Esta.folisliment is now
READY FOR BUSINESS
And with full confidence of being able to suit
every purchaser, a very cordial invitation is ex
tended to the public to give us a call.
A practical boot and shoe maker in the store,
to do all kind of work in his line
GRIFFEN & GRAY.
1 OPENED SEPT. 28.
I Afil if il J hi
'fk HiiW " iiiikw. sH slid H B ssfe ylM H r
5 T M aaassa L ssF sssl BsBsm. Lr iH H B V oVsM pL
Castoria is Dr. Samuel Pitcher's prescription for Infants
aud Children. It contains neither Opium, Morphine nor
other Narcotic substance. It is a harmless substitute
for Paregoric, Drops, Soothing Syrups, and Castor Oil.
It is Pleasant. Its guarantee is thirty years' use by
Slillions of Mothers. Castoria destroys Worms and allays
feverishncss. Castoria prevents vomiting Sour Curd,
cures Diarrhoea and "Wind Colic. Castoria relieves
teething troubles, cures constipation aud flatulency.
Castoria assimilates tho food, regulates tho stomach
and bowels, giving healthy aud natural sleep. Cas
toria is tho Children's Panacea tho Mother's Friend.
"Castoria Is an excellent medlcino Tor -Ml-dren.
Mothers have repeatedly told mo of lu
good effect upon their children."
Da- G. C. Ocoon,
4 Castoria Is the best remedy for children of
which I am acquainted. I hopo the day 1 not
far distant when mothers will consider the real
Interest of their children, and uso Castona in
stead of the various quack nostrums which aro
destroying their loved one3, by forcicsopiiim,
morphine, soothing syrup and other hurtful
agcnU down their throats, thereby sending
thorn to premature graves."
Da. J. F. Kjsctikjob,
The Centaur Company, TT
Bterpr1slmcTntimc Man t Trns 4 Co. Ins tracud
tad (tartaa me I worked atmdlly and mad monsy haur
than I aipeete.1 to. I bacam able to buy an Uland and build
a amalt tumteer hotel. If I don't aucceed at that. I will go
to work again at the bnaineaa in which I made oi; money.
'l'rwe 4c C.t Shall we instruct and aurt yoo. reader?
If we do. and if yon work indnatrionslr. yon will in dne
time be abletoboyan Uland and bnild .'hotel, if yonwiaa
to- Money can be earned at oor new line of work, rap
Idly and honorably, by thoee of either ex. joang or old.
sad in their own localltiea. wherever tlier lire Any one
can doth work. Easy to learn. Wo furnish everything-. No
risk, l on can devote yoor (pare moments, or all your time
to the work. This entirely new lead btVujrs wonderful ane
eesa to every worker. Beginner are eircionfrura SSS to
954 per week and upward, and more after a. little expo
rieoc We ran furnish yon the employment we teach yoo
"'- This is an age of marvelons things, and ber ii
another groat, n.efal. wealth livlnf womler Great gain
will reward every Industrious worker Wherever yoa are.
and whatever you are doing, yoa want to know abont this
wonderful work at once Delay means mnch money lost to
yoa. o apace to explain here bat if yoa will writ to as.
?L'J i M tl" Tu 'K E. Addrewa.
TUUJCfc CO.. Vox . Jkusalm. Malac
At once to linnille tho fiirmerV trade on Seeds
and Seed I'otatosit of known merit. Our men
havo privilege of sellinff our warranted, well
known Nursery Htock nlM. Big wagex to lie
made this treason. Apply quick, stating age.
L. L. MAY & CO.,
Nurserymen. Florists nnd 8eedmnn. St. Paul.
Minn. (This house is responsible.)
Children Cry for
OPENED SEPT. 28.
BUSINESS IS THE
1 OPENED SEPT. 28.
" Castoria Lt so wel 1 adapted to children that
I recommend it ajiuporiortoauy prescription
known to me."
H. A. Aacaaa, M. D.,
Ill So. Oxford St., Brooklyn, N. Y.
" Our physicians in tho children's depart
ment have spoLca highly of their experi
ence in their outside practice with Castoria,
and although wo only havo among our
medical supplied what is known as regular
produits, yet wo iiro free to confess that tho
nit-ntu of Castoria has won us to look with,
tvor ujou it."
United Hospital amo Diapixaiar,
AiiEf C. Smith, 2Ve.,
Murray Street, New York City.
l & PACKAGE
(VITALLY WEAK). MuUiofcytM eiop;llMt!oa ta
kioasis In middle llfe.or vicious habits motrsetcd In youtlu
culm., or iiaaj; iiftn mnui unlaw t"; BKXlAb
wCAIw HUH KXHACsnosf, wasti.io wkikxim. i.
Tilt iriflf f lMUulik llll Vtl.ll .. ii.jHin.
IU AGeDi lack or vim. vigor, and streng th.vlth sexual organ
iut-.jrcueiaawvaxQnoa prcmaiureir la aDproaeniDgou axe.
WUFH HfC CIV PURE "?? fato.vw
ItnCil ItC Oil I wWltCor rrtuu.ik.iT B13U.T
inmnny faomaniv, eases treated and en red In put twelve year.
.Aaeviaeceeorotirnitn la Frof. Harrla
JSOLUllB MEDICATID PASTILLES.
Total we offer eight dara trial ABSOLCTIXI t MJ
"" Ken. Tonne or old. Bufferlnc from this
prevalent trouble esoold send their address so we eanfnraltk
in.. Hum to teaaiwered. tb.t we may know tbe true eon lltloa
iftsch use aod prepare medletne te effect a prompt etiie.
Looted la w York (after 1 years at St. Louis), we o3e
all . .luDfe to be eured br the celebrated Paatllle Trtatasst.
THE HARRIS REMEDY CO., Mrs. Cheml.t..
S9 BZEKaTAM STREET. HEW YOKBT. ft
Wavem.y, low.t. Nov. 15, I8W,
(J. D. Ilruco Tailor, Esq..
Diir Sir: -After wearing your classes three
weeks I fe"l I cannot say -noiiKh for them, nor
for your special method of skillful fitting.
For tho past eiliteon jeara I have been a con
stant sunVrer from defective sijtht (Compound
Myopic Astigmatism). Nothing I-could getwat
satisfactory until yonr examination which I
noticed wan etrirtly scientific, and inspired m
at once with confidence in jour ability.
I now have no trouble in reading the finest
print by night or day; nnd to all those in need of
KlasseM I ,most cheerfully recommend you aa a
., ,r, , . J-E.Po3.Kaoy, M.D.
Mr. Tudor will examina eyes at A. Heints'a
mff Hthaciku jB
SvW. mil Xv
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