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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 22, 1893)
WHOLE NUMBER 1,189.
COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 22i 1808,
VOLUME XXIII. NUMBER 45.
..- -r.- -;
.i 3 - '
THE OLD RELIABLE
Columbus - State - Bank J
(Oldest Bank in the State.)
Pays Interest on Time Deposits
' Males Loans on Heal Estate.
VSmSES BIGHT DRAFTS GH
Ojukt, Chicago, New York and aU
BELLI : STEAMSHIP : TICKETS.
BUYS GOOD NOTES
And Helps it Customers when they Need Help
OFFICERS ASO MRECTdftS I
LEANDEH GERRARD. Tres't.
R. H. HENRY, Vice Tres't.
JOHN STADFFER, Cashier.
M. BRUGGER, G. W. HDL8T.
Authorizcil Capital of $500,000
Taid in Capital - 90,00f
O. H. SHELDON, TrpB-t.
H. P. II. OIILKICII. Vice Pre.
C. A. NEWMAN, Cashier,
DANIEL SCHRAM, AsVI (late.
S). H. Sheldon, J. P. Hecker,
Herman P. H.Oehlrich, Carl Riouke.
Jonas WVl.li, W. A. McAllister,
.T. Henry Wnrdrman, H. 51. Winelow,
floorce V. Galley. S. C. C.rw
Frank Rorer, Arnold K II. Oehlnch,
ilenry Loaeke, Gerhard Loseke.
iyjlank of deposit; interest allowed oa time
deposits; buy and sell exchance on United State
and Europe, and buy and sell available scaritie.
W shall bo pleased to receive jour business. We
OSlirtt yoar patronage. 25dec87
ind all Kinds of Pumps.
PUMPS REPAIRED ON SHORT
Eleventh Street, one door west of
Hagel & Co's.
We hare Jnst opened n new mill OK M street,
oppoeite Sehroecioro' flouring mill and are pre.
pared to do ALL KINDS OF WOOD WORK,
BTEEL AND IRON ROOFING AND
BT"A11 orders promptly attended to. Call on
Caveats and Trade Marks obtained, and all Pat
ent business conducted for MODERATE FEES.
OUR OFFICE IS OPPOSITE UTS. PATENT
OFFICE. We have no sub-agencies, all business j
less time and at LESS COST than those remote
Send model, drawing, or photo, with descrip
tion. We advise if patentable or not, free of
charge. 6nr fee not due itill patent is secured.
a lok. "How to Obtain Patent " with refer.
encestoactaal clients in your state, county or
tows, sent free. Addreaa
Opposite Patent'OfBos, Washington, D.cl
The Journal for Job Work
i Revival services are in progress Ir
! two of Ashland's churches.
At Wayne the mercury last week
went down to 29 helow zero.
The Kearcey Plow company has sev
enteen branch factories in the state.
Norfolk and Fairbury both had fires
last week, none of them very serious.
Jim and Grant Harshberger of But
ler county killed fifteen skunks in one
Dworak, the Fremont crook, gets
two years in the penitentiary at hard,
Over sixty persons have united with
the Methodist church at Superior since
tho revivals began.
The alumni of the Blair Kceley in.
stitule were royally banquetted last
Tho citizens of Tecumseh still com
plain that there are gambling bouses
conducted in the town.
A lodge of Knights of Pythias hae
been instituted :u Su Edwards vita. a
membership of twenty.
l'iattsmouth'f new roller miil will
soon begin to pried. It has all the
Cedar Rapids has perfected arrange
ments for a creamery and is now stud
ying up ome plan for lire protection.
Several Hartington men Went to
Texas to secure cheap homes They
are back home again and have come
The city treasurer of Lincoln threat
ens to sei.o some cars unless the street
railway company comes forward with
taxes long since due.
A colored man named Clark "swiped1
a $50 camera from a Blair pnotograph
gallery, but was captured and will
undergo trial for this offense.
SeDastian Schmidt of Rulo went to
Falis City ono day and toot: on too
much tangle-foot, from the effects of
which ho died on his way home.
Two hundred tons of coal was stolen
from the Union Pacific cars at Colum
bus last year and the company is after
the thieves with a sharp sticic.
The Mercer is Omaha's newest and
best hotel, cor. Twelfth and Howard
streets, lialcs ?"2 to $4.50 per day.
"150 rooms and CO connected wuh bath.
Tho local sports of Hartington or
ganized a wolf hunt, and the brave
band returned at uight with ono "cot
ton tail' as their only trophy of tho
The wife of a Fremont brakeman
has disappeared in a mysterious man
ner, and tho neighbors think she de-
i liarteu Dacauao oi cruel treatment at
the hands of her husband.
Saunders county soil, says the
Wahoo Wasp, is selling for good, stiff
prices. You can't buy an acre of tila
blo land for less than $35 and mauy
are holding it at ?50 an aero.
Otto Dewit, son of I'. F. Dewitz.
got his hand caught in a corn sheiler
nt Chris Eggbert s place, some tnreo
miles north of West Point and "lacer
ated the thumb so badly that amimta-
tion was necessary.
Intelligence has been received in
Lincoln of the death of II. W. Weir of
Boise City. Idaho, one of the lawyers
who successfully defended Mrs. Mary
2heedy two years ago. when tried for
the murder of her husband.
Howard Raley, an Omaha druggist,
will have to answer to the district
court for having lired his store for
the purpose of getting tho insurance.
A negro employed to do tho job gave
information of his employer's rascality.
Chris Gardner, a telephone lineman.
was brought back to Lincoln from
Beatrice to answer to a serious charge
preferred against him by Christina
VYetei. but ho concluded hide to his
own and tho girl's shame by marrying
Hunker Bros, aro about to organize
u mammoth stock company to build a
a large elevator in West Point. It is
ihe intention to get a large number of
the farmers to take stock in the insti
tution and insure its success from the
George A. Berlin of Auburn, baker
and dealer in confectionery and fancy
groceries, made an assignmentin favor
of his general creditors. He gave tho
Key of his business house to the sheriff
of "the county. Assets, about $2; 000;
liabilities not known.
Tho coroner's jury impaneled to in
quire into the real cause of the death
of E. Beckwitb, found dead in the
road south of Ansley. found that me
dead man's back was broken and his
smill fractured by being run over by
his loaded wagon.
Rasmus .Seison ot Madison county
offers to assign his interest in the state
bounty to any responsible individual
or corporation that will sink a shaft
on his farm. He also agrees to board
the worKtnen free of charge, and guar
antees that coal will be found in pay
David Brown, ayounp man of Beech
vihe. Custer county, is ono of those
"bad men' who go around with a re
volver in their hin pocket. At a dance
a few evenings ago nis gun fell out of
his pocket to the floor and was dis
charged, and the ball entered his own
foot at the heel.
He was a stranger and they took
him in at Superior. It was a game of
poker, and after losing $165 thestran
gor concluded that he had been swin
dled. He thereupon proceeded to
clean out the ranch, and paused not
while there was a whole piece of furni
ture in the den.
While Herbert Brown, a young man
about fifteen years oid, living three
miles south of Pawnee City, was eal
louing oast a wagon loaded with baied
hay, his horse fell throwing him un
der the wagon, the hind wheel pass
ing over bis breast and severely injur
ing him. It is feared he may be in
Two Indian murderers of the cattle
men who escaped death at the hands
of the Indian police were brought from
Fine Ridge to Rushville and turned
over to the custody of United States
Marshal Fry and Deputy Chris Matn
ieson and taken to Deadwood. The
prisoners were escorted from Pine
Ridge by a detachment of ten mounted
Indian police, unaer command ot sec
ond Lieutenant Joe Bush.
The citizens of West Point were
rather startled when they heard of the
closing of the doors of 8. Mannefeld's
lar?e shoe store in that city. The
liabilities are in the neghborhood of
too much stock and poor collections.
Sexatk. The senate again convottcd
on the lGth aftet' fY'iil days adjourn
ment. IMlVs were introduced: To re
hire railroad companies to construct
private crossings. To repeal sections
3.V.-CO-r.l-iV2 of the consolidation, stat
utes. This is the old law relating to
building and loan associations which
was not repealed two years rtgti wlien
the new law governing these ass'dcl:
tions was passed. To amend, the "VavL
relating to state.depditi'r"ir. 'IV. amend
the law prescnWrtg Itle manner of draw
ing names Of petit jurors To prohibit
the manufacture and sale of cigarettes
contain opium and other poisonous
urtigs. House rolls Nos. SI ntul SO?
were read the first time. Tho latter Is
the bill making the appropriation tor
the current expenses of the guwritlrtenl.
Senate file No. 24. JM-Ovidihg for the ap
pointment of a police matron in cities
tf rt.000 or more, was lakcn un and
passed. Packwood's bill to reduo. the
railroad commission from five members
to three and cut the .salaries of Hie -v-retaries
from .2,ui)0 to $1,000 was laid
over one week. Senator Darner's bill,
scltaiy I'.ie No. IS, providing that hanks
of deposit shall give a bond to the county
commissioners in a sum not h"-s than
S-.",000, provoked a lively discussion, in
which the author of the bill defended it
vigorously. It was finally luid over un
til next week.
Horsi:. The house was tardy in as
sembling after the Week's iocess. and
it was 2:30 vhert the gavel fell. There
WtM-e -eventy-seven members present.
Telegrams announced the sickness of
Mr. WilMJii of Buffalo und Mr. Hag
gles of Dundy. They were excused for
the remainder of the week. Several
petitions were introduced from the
women of various counties praying for
the enactment of a law providing for
the adequate punishment of crimes
against women and girls. Tin' ho'iM.
took up the consideration of committee
reports: Nos. '2'1, ISO, 1 :',, LM7. ':; and
1T4 wefe reported for passage ami the
report adopted. Nos. lG'j. 1-Ti. l.'. and
J0:t were reported for indefinite post
ponement, and the same actum taken
Xo. 103 was the beet sugar bil'. and the
republicans endeavored to have it placed
on the general file, but th'ir efforts
were unavailing. The governor scut in
a message calling attention to the fait
that in 1801 the section was n. pealed 'v
which he was authorized to appoint .s
commandant of the soldiers and sailor-'
home, and he asked that the inadevert
ant mistake he remedied. Suter intro
duced a resolution calling for the cen
suring of the federal court fr accept
ing a S10,00 bond in the case of C. W
A t.cper In Viiihin;toii.
Washinc-ion. Feb IS. The llawaiin
commissioners last evening spoke of
Senator Vest's allusion iu his speech
about the introduction of leprosy into
the states in consequence of annexation
as not well founded.
"Whv." said Mr. Castle. -I saw a
leper walking the streets of Washington
yesterday. There was no mistaking the
symptoms, with which I am familiar.
Now such a thing as that would be im
possible iu the streets of Honolulu or
any other city iu the Hawaiian islands,
under the laws for segregation which is
a feature of government here. We
keep the lepers together and if the
present efficient system is noi uisuirncu
the disease will in time be wholly erad
icated. The number of unfortunates
in the settlement has been reduced from
about 1.200 to slightly in excess of l.uO'.i.
"The situation in the I'nited States
is not such," continued Mr. Castle, "as
to warrant opposition to annexation be
cause of the fear of the importation of
leprosy from Hawaii. There has Wen
leprosy in Louisiana for ""00 years, and
Wisconsin is cursed with the disease
brought from the countries of Northern
Europe. In neither of these states is
there any such effective laws against
its spread as are in force with us. Why.
in a New York hospital there is a lep
er's ward. The disease is not new nor
strange in the United States, and there
is no danger of it spreading here be
cause of the annexation of Hawaii.
The Vice President-Elect.
Bloomingtok, 111., Feb. 18. A fare
well reception was giver, last night by
the Bloomington club, of which the
vice president-elect is a member, to
that gentleman and his wife. The af
fair was a delightful one. The club
rooms were elaborately and beautifully
decorated. The national flag was
draped across the end of the reception
hall against a background of potted
plants and flowers. Mrs. Stevenson
wore a simple and beautiful gown of
lavendar silk, and diamonds as orna
ments. Five hundred persons from
Bloomington and vicinity were pres
ent. There was dancing after l::;0
o'clock, and an elaborate lunch just
before midnight. This is probably the
last social event in which Mr. and Mrs.
Stevenson will participate prior to their
departure for Washington on the 27th.
riiKYENXi:, Wyo.. Feb. IS. The dead
lock is again on with full force and
there seems to be no way out of the
difficulty. There were three ballots yes
terday, making twenty-seven in all.
The first ballot stood: Warren, rep..
I.".: Brown, ind.. 11: Clark, rep.. : Hor
ner, dem.. 4: Baxter, dem.. .": Richard,
rep.. .": Thompson, den... .".
The second and third ballots did not
differ materially except that Thompson
on the last ballot fell to one. A strong
effort will be made tomorrow by both
sides as there are but two more days of
the session. There is little hope now
of an election. The republicans will be
satisfied to have the governor appoint
for two years.
Raa Off with Tonne Man.
Grf.kxcastle, Ind., Feb. 17. Ex
Treasurer Holdingsworth of Vincennes
was here yesterday on the hunt forhis
daughter Laura, a student in Coates
College at Terrc Haute. She disap
peared from the college Friday and
took the Big Four train for this city in
company with a young man named
Harry Bryant, son of the proprietor of
the transfer line at Terre Haute.
Bryant was formerly a student in De
Pauw University. The girl is only 18
years of age. A thorough search of
the city was made, but Laura was not
Anti-Options and Flour Trout.
Detroit, Mich., Feb. 17. Yesterday
the following telegram was sent to
Congressman J. Logan Chipman, De
troit's representative at Washington:
"Please note the immense North
western trust already formed, as "out
lined by morning papers, anticipating
the passage of the anti-option bill.
Please ventilate. Is it possible that
our legislative bodies at Washington
can be longer deceived as to the real
incentive for this vicious bill?
T. G. Ckaig,
"President of Detroit Board of Trade."
Advocates of the repeal of the Sher
man avt will make one more effort to
accomplish their purpose
FAEM AND HbttSEHOLD.
SELLING GARDEN STUFF DI
RECTLY TO CONSUMERS.
The More Profitable Way Corn ftnd
Corn AdiUteraMd ttoney Qaln"-
fces Stock Notes and Honsft
American farmers havo some queer
notions, and among them is tho ono
that it is "small bUsineHs'' tosnll Bar
don stuff (lirecily to The consumer-::
If the average farmer could sell truck
to the dorn?r grobfel; in his illhgc it
would ikot hurt his feelings at all, but
before be wilt peddle out a load that
would yield him a profit he will spend
his timo raising wheat and sell it at
less than it would cost hint, t live
nesr a village of less than 2,000 in
habitants, and have been told dozens
of times that truck farming would not
pay in this vicinity because there ws
no market near. I did not believe
this, for while I have not been en
gaged as a regular truck farmer I
have always raised more truck in my
garden than my family could con
sume, ttnd I hive Had ilo trouble Hi
'disposing of it kf a good price to pri
vate families. I began doing this by
merest accident. One day I was at
the grocery when some ono came in
and asked for somo green peas. Tho
grccor told him that he had ordered
them from the city but could not get
any ns tho market was stripped of
llioni. 1 had a lot of thorn ih my
garden, and said so, and the grocer
asked ine to go home and get thani.
Ho said if I had any string beans'" to
spare to bring them along, writes
Bert Carroll in the Farmers Voice. I
went home and picked a bushel of
each, peas and beans, and was back
with them in two hours and got $2
for the lot. Tho hotel keeper saw
mo bring them in, and as I pased tho
hotel ho told mo that he would liko
for mc to bring him anything in the
way of garden truck that I
might have to spare, and he
would take it at the price he had
to pay at tho grocor's, as he preferred
to get it fresh, nnd I got to taking
Fomething to hinl whenever I wbnt to
town, and I found that it was casing
up on tho cash drain for family su--plies
wonderfully. Ono day as I was
talking to tho landlord as he was
paying for somo stuff, a guest re
marked that ho would like to have
somo eoltage cheese, nnd I paid that
my wifo knew how to make tho -best
I ever nlc. The landlord said he
loved it dearly and wished I would
bring some .in. The next time I went
to town I took in two quarts and ho
gave mc half a dollar for it, and after
that and to this day that hotel takes
all the cottage cheeso wo can furnish
at the samo price. Then wo got to
selling eggs and buttor to tho hotel
and to others, and I worked up quite
a trade in tho town.
Last season I had other things to
attend to and could not raiso garden
truck, and a young man in my neigh
borhood, whoso father is a farmer,
failed in health and gave up regular
farm work for tho year, but to have
something to fill in the time with
worked what ho was ablo on a truck
patch that was laid out on ono side of
a field. As his stuff got ready for use
he found that ho had been so success
ful that ho was going to have a large
surplus, and he concluded to try to
sell it in the village, and he not only
sold all that he could spare but ho
bought the surplus of all the neigh
bors and sold that. Now he finds his
health restored, and as the result of
his work for the year ho has more mon
ey than he would have had if he had
raised regular farm crops. No one
thinks the less of him because he
has been a truck peddler, and tho
people in tho village are better off
because they have had fresh vegeta
bles delivered at their doors. I do
not notice but my neighbors aro just
ns cordial to me ns they would be if I
raised large fields of wheat instead of
small areas of berries and truck. If
they think any less of me they have
an admirable way of concealing their
feeling and I am not the wiser. This
I know: In my own vicinity truck
farming is coming into favor with
everybody except the grocers, who
find their trade in vegetables serious
ly interfered with by the supplies
that aro brought from tho country.
The village people only buy of them
now when they cannot get a supply
from fhc country.
By recent experiments made by
Prof. Cook of Michigan, with chem
ists to see whether they could always
detect every change from real honey,
it was proved that when pure sugar
syrup was fed to tho bees it was so
perfectly changed and given the real
honey taste, either from tho peculiar
odor of the bees in the hives, or more
like some subtile chemical and physi
cal action of the bee life while in the
bee's honey sack, that they could not
detect it, while glucose adulterations
could be detected.
A Virginia beo keeper is authority
for the following: Some 12 or 1 1 years
ago I put glass dishes on some hives
to get them filled by the bees, but the
Vionpy season ran out just as they got
fairly started to make comb -in them,
and so I fed them granulated sugar
syrup and forced them to fill tho
dishes up. I found that I had to feed
much more syrup than I got honey,
and also learned that the flavor of
the syrup had been changed to
hat. of nice honey. I never
tried the experiment again. In the
winter of 1889-90 my bees flew out
and gathered honey from the old field
pines forty-two days, though many of j
them only for a few minutes. Ihe
pines some days were literally cov
ered with drops of this honey, as
pure and white as the morning Jew.
When evaporated, as it soon was, it
tasted like sugar syrup; but after it
was stored away in the hive it was a
little darker in color, and had the
honey taste. This pine honey when
gathered by the bees has more sac
charine matter in it than any other I
know of. It will granulate in the
comb in the hives in July.
This year I commenced to extract
Jul 14, as my bees got no surplus up
to July 1, and I found full- one-fourth
so thick that it could not be thrown
out by the most rapid revolution 1
could ive it with mv geared ex-
tractor. The Western bee papers
hftve much to say about their honey-
dew honey not being good. I chafc
lenge tho world to beat our pine
honey Journal of Agriculture.
Corn and Corn.
Farmers who aro buying corn to
feed should beat in fflitid that all corn
is not ot equal value; says the loWft
ftotac!"tead.. Nor is seventy hounds
ot cork el-rays cqdai to other seventy
pounds. Wo are speaking now not of
the different amounts of cob that
there may be in tho samples, nor of
tho amount of chaffy earn or grains.
mcot the difference Usually recognized
bj farmr3.rhSn buying corn: The'
point wb wish to maifo is.Jhdt fc'ord
grown on iands rich in nitrogen, as1
for insjanbe clover" sod, has more feed
ing value, pound for pouHd. than corn
grown on old lands tnat nave utau
worn out by successive crops. It
must 3hyays bo borne ill mind that it
is tho nitrogenous or albuminoid, or
in other words, flesh-forming quali
ties of corn or any other grain that
give it it9 special value, and hence
corn grown on clover sod is worth
moro than corn, apparently as good,
grown on old ground.
We have frequently heard armors
Who buy corn from different pttrtloa
claim that one lot. of Corn scdmed to
do tho hogs rd good wji'ld th6.r fat
tened on another sample' apparently
no better. Tho facts abovo stated
we think go far to explain the reason,
and whether our readers agree with
us or not it is at least worth thinking
about in buying grain to feed.
Outs and Elbow Cireasc.
Yhm will brepders larn thitt oats
and elbow grease are hec'ess'lry" ad
juncts of a successful horse show,
thai the man who , trusts to pasture
grasses, west winds and frosiy nights
to give finish, has only himself to
kick if his stock is out of condition,
thin in flesh, rough in coat, and un
able to present good qualities to the
judges. To-day, in order to win a
premium, a colt must be in good,
healthy condition, and to show its
worth must not be only halter-broken'
but trained to show at the halter.
These conditions arc not exacting,
but proper, as they all serve to add
'to tho value, nnd without these thero
can bono profitable breeding. Cole
man's Uliral World.
Ouincc Not Hearing:.
It is undoubtedly the fact that more
disappointments occur to growers of
quinces than to growers of almost
any other "kind of hardy fruit. The
't.-ees arc often killed outright by se
vere winters in exposed localities. If
not killed the trees arc unproductive.
Quince trees requiro rich, deep soil,
kept moist enough through tho win
ter so that it does not freeze deeply.
Dressings of wood ashes arc especial
ly beneficial to quince trees. Ashes
not only furnish mineral fertilizer tho
treo needs to perfect its fruit, but
they also keep tho soil moist and
open for the reception of rains.
Soapsuds aro said to be excel lent
for making plants grow and blossom,
on account of the potash therein.
It is claimed that one of tho best
home fertilisers for house plants is a
teaspoonful of ammonia in a quart of
A paper devoted to women's inter
ests says that fatigue is as fatal to
good looks as a scorching wind.
Rest when you need it.
When you buy a new broom select
a dozen of the smoothest and largest
splints, pull them out and lay them
away to use in testing cake when it
An experienced cook says that if
a stalo loaf of bread is soaked in
some wator for a minute or two, then
baked for about half an hour it will
bo liko new.
A littlo lavender upon the shelves
and floor of the wardrobe, or bits of
camphor gum or cedar wood or laurel
arc said to be excellent in keeping
away the moths.
It is well to know that whisky will
take out every kind of fruit stain.
Tablecloths and napkins which have
i become almost ruined by stains may
be made as good as new by pouring
whisky upon them before washing.
Very dusty clothes should he well
shaken before hcing brushed, and
much of the dust should Iks rubbed off
with a dry cloth. For the brushing
process the dress should be spread
upon a board and should be brushed
the way of the ''nap' of the cloth.
The brushing should bo done quickly
nnd lightly or the brush docs more
harm than good.
Another essential item is judicious
feeding and proper caro in every re
spect. Everything that will add to the
comfort of a steer is a gain in his
On6 essential in the growing of a
good beef is the having of a good beef
One important point in cattle feed
ing is to sec how much wc can pro
duce from a given amount of food.
By sheltering and providing prop
er feeding arrangements, thero is no
waste of feed by tramping under foot.
One advantage in feeding tho
roughness to cattle instead of selling
is the making of a good quantity of
The cattle that produces the most
meat and not fat and bone arc the
ones that will bring the highest price
If you arc raising heef, breed for
beef: if you can" carry other qualifica
tions with it all the better, but breed
for beef first,
Good clover hay fed with good
straw makes a very good ration for a
growing steer. A little bran makes
it still more valuable.
As with other classes of stock one
thing that hurts good cattle breed
ing is the total unfitness of many
that attempt to breed them.
After the first use of a full blood
male has proved a success do not
waste what has been secured by go
ing back and using a grade sire.
The farmer that thinks that any
body can take care of cattle is gener
ally one who also things that any kind
of care is good enough for cattie.
The skim milk of a dairy is worth
mere to feed to calves in winter than
but it should be fed warm
and can still be further improved by
! the addition of a little out meal,
CAN DO MANUFACTURING AS
CHEAPLY AS ANY STATS
)N THE UNION.
Xa !ts seUIeat ef OctfcMaar
ib rroblcm U For
rt'hile waikisif down Broadway i
xt v--ir ,.:.. aivint nniK ariti daF I
saw a crowd of people that almo.
blocked the sidewalks on both sides of
tnS stwfS" 'Ihe were watching a
very arg'e safe vV!iicK nas bemf
hoiste.t by pulleys and ropealu frost of
high building, evidently intended U
fc taken into the fifth story through
one of the" window. It was at the
fourth story and I sloped with the
crowd and watched iu bardij per
Suddenly, without warning, tM
ropes broke with pistol like report and
the safe shot down through the air
faster than my eyes could iollow it.
There was a great noise, the ground
under my feet shook, th crowd surged
backward; Sortie falling under" foo
Men and Women screamed, and fright
ened horses plunged through the
crowd. Every one was either awed or
panic stricken by the presence of grea
Tho safe had crashed through the
pavement into a sub-sidewalk base
ment out of sight. The force of the
fall had broken the great flag stones
Of the pavement for many feet on both
Aides. The plate glass windows were
scattered and evCn the show cass o
the inside of the basement store were
The fall had been about forty feet.
It was a striking exhibition of the
power of the falling of agrsat weight.
At Gothenburg, Neb., they have a
direct fall fifty -three and a half feet of
a body of water heavier than that
enormous safe. It falls on a turbine
water wheel of the latest and best
make. This wheel supplies power
enough to run dozens of the largest
facterics in the State of Nebraska, and
furnishes it at lens expense than the
coal costs to run one factory in Omaha.
The Commercial Club tt (iothenburg
will nromntly jrive information either
about the town, the surrounding coun
try, or the water power.
By electricity the power to drive the
largest mill in the State can be txams
mittcd or taken from this wheel on a
wire not larger than a clothes line,
ono, two, three, six or a dozen miles
A "few years ago this was not possi
ble Power had then to be taken from
a shaft. Later a wife cable was sue
cessfhlly used for short distances, but
now by electricity power can be trans
mitted under grodnd, under water,
elevated in the air, in any direction,
not only yards but miles.
We are passing from the time of
steam to the time of electricity.
Plans and estimates are now being
made to use electricity instead of
horses to draw the boats on the Erie
Canal from Buffalo to Albany.
Every reliable water power in
the country has been suddenly
given a value almost inestimable.
Either wood or coal is indispensable
in making steam. Nebraska has no
coal mines, no forests Cost of freight
makes wood not possible as a fuel and
coal very expensive. The place that
has a water power needs neither one.
Tho water power places will in the
future do the manufacturing, will be
the best markets and rapidly make
the largest cities. The rush to Goth
enburg, which has had its power plant
completed but little more than a
month, shows how keenly alive the
Western people are to business advan
tages and commercial developments.
CUAS. T. WOBTHAK.
Kcf-ordlns lllitli Heat.
A method has recently been intra
duced at the great Djwlaia iron works
of automatically recording the tem
perature of the air blown into the
furnace. There aro six new blast
furnaces at Dowlais. In the hot-blast
main of each a pyrometer has bean
placed, consisting of a thermojunction
Of platinum and platinum-rhodium.
The wires from these six thermo
junctions are brought to a switch in
the laboratory, where they can be con
nected one after another with a gal
vooometer. The spot of light is
thrown upon a cylinder, which is cov
ered with sensitive photographic pa
per, and which revolves once in twenty
four hours. A line representing the
required temperature is first drawn,
to that the distance of the iine traced
by the spot of light from the datum
line indicates tho variation of temper
ature of the blast.
A l:tleiiiMi L.n-!clrm opportunity.
A New York woman who has bidden
good-by to the first bloom of her
youth, but is making out extremely
weil on the aftermath, has succeeded
in fully solving the problem of quench
ing other women's" inquiries with re
gard to her age. "Whenever a woman
has the cheex to ask me what my age
is,' she explained. "I always beem
upon her suddenly and exclaim: Ob,
my dear girl. 1 am a great deal older
than you are a whole year at least.
And then, before she can find time or
breath for another question I aad:
And, by tho way, what is your exact
age. dear?'' The woman, taken by
surprise, lies heroically, of course,
and consequently makes me out at
least five years younger than I would
have dared to make myself.'
Qilfi-ii Vieiorln'n lilorfs.
The queen has a large hand. She
takes 71 gloves. Her fingers are ex
tremely short and out of proportion to
the size of her hand, says the Edinburg
Scotsman. The queen will wear noth
ing but black gloves. She commenced
to wear one button gloves at the be
ginning of her reign. Today, when
no shop girl thinks anybody a real
lady without six button gioves. the
queen has only cot to four. She re
fuses altogether to conform to fashion.
She wears only about twb dozen
pairs of gloves a year. Each pair
costs 8s 6d: in fact, the queen of Great
Britain and Ireland and the empress
of India is decidedly economical in
her giove bili. There are a great
many fashionable women who think
nothing of a giove bill if it only comes
to $100 a year. Many women will
spend $20 on gloves during the six
weeKS of the season by wearing two
or three pairs a day.
He My dear, why don't you try to
be economical? I don't believe that
Mrs. Lakeside is as extravagant as
She Perhaus not in some things.
I understand she wore tne same
ttiuurniug dress for three husbands.
a CITY'S cooii Fortune.
-Loata Abont to JcdT st Million
Dollars fros Cauull 8oorcs
St. Louis, Feb', io. Before the eno
of the year St. Louis "Will have a
million dollars which it will not Itffrm
how to spend. The sale of the
old city hall, and its site,
Th1ch will be abandoned by all the
city offices thiir snwiner for the great
building in Washington Parfc,- has
been decided on, and the Union Mat'
ket, ugly but valuable, will follow.
The two are worth together consider
ably over a million dollars, but part
of the tdoney obtained by their sale
will have to be spent in buying an
other market place for the hucksters.
City officials generally believe mat
this money should oe speni in a ininp.
but there have been a dozen ways pre
ssed of spending it The city may
build a c3fldm system; it may run
another great sewe" along the bed of
fhe River des Peres, or it Ifcay estab
lish free baths. The money will be
gat-iif h for oae of these objects but
not all , . ..
St Louis was the first lty in the
United States that took front Germany
the plan of teaching children in kin
dergartens nnd from here the idea
spread all over the country. This
whole rreeli has been devoted by the
teachers or thd city to the celebration
of the twentieth ariniycrwiry of the
nn.ninr nt thn kindergarten here. Ex"-
hibitions of kindergarten work were
given in some of he schools each day,
and thero were several lectures and
essavs on the system, amoilg them
one " by Prof. William T. Harris, tile
first superintendent of public schools
here, and after that one of the teachers
Id the famous Concord School of I hn
ofcophy. Visitors td the St Loni Exposition
this year, as well as the tourists at the
World's Fair, will be surprised by the
exhibit . thi city will make at both
places of the excellent work its manual
training schools are doing. Educators
generally so well understand tha
superiority of the St Louis schools of
tb kind that one-fifth of the entire
space reserved at the World's Fair for
this sort of exhibits has been given tc
our manual training uieu, uu m-ji
will make a much more complete show
of the work at tho local Exposition.
The manual training classes here are
attended by the sons of the very
wealthiest parents, and many a young
heir to a fortune, coming out of tho
University witn his degree, is as well
able to build his own house as his
father is to pay for it
Signal Officer Hammon is a man of
very original ideas, and all which he
has put into operation in the weather
office here have proved to be of
great advantage to the people living
in tne country. it is we ";
whom tho Observer wants to benefit
He was the first to send out through
the country tho weather signals by
whistles of the mills in the country
that warned the farmer of approaching
changes. He has just begun to collect
weekly reports from all the great
wheat-growing sections of the West,
showing how the weather is affecting
the wheat in those parts. These re
ports he sends out free to the small
country towns and the farmers are
thus kept advised of the crop pros
pects quickly and satisfactorily. If
snow is hurting the wheat in the
Northwest, and is coming this way,
the farmer learns of it two or three
days before it gets to his fields.
. .A SA.fc Mm T U
CAME BACK TO BE SHOT.
V Touching- Story or a UaTrocne oi xuo
The order had been issued to Paris
in 1871 bv the new republican author-
hies that communist insurgents who
were taken with arms in their hands
should be put to death immediately.
Tho order was being relentlessly ex
ecuted, when. In tho garden of the
Elysee Palace, a detachmont of re
publican troops camo upon a Bmall
band of insurgonts. Among tnem
wa- a boy of 15 year still in short
The band was conducted to a larger
p;rty of communists destined for ex
ecution. On the way the 15-year-old
broke out from among his compan
ions and place i himself in front of the
colonol who commanded tho escort.
Making the military saluto with a
good deal of grace, he said:
Mistor. you're going to shoot me.
Certainly, my lad." said tho
colonel. Takon with arras in your
hands, it's all up with you. That id
All right!" said the boy. but see
here; I live In Miromosnil street.
where my .mother is conciorge in a
house. She'll wait for mo If I don't
come home and sho'll worry a great
deal. I just want to co homo and
quiet her a bit, you know, and thon
again. I've got my watch here; I'd
liko to give it to my mother, so she'll
havo as much as that, anyway. Come
colonel, lot ma run homo little
while. I give you my word of honor
I Hi come Dacic to do snou
The colonel was struck with aston
ishment t the boy's demand. It also
began to amuse him a good deal.
You give your word of honor eh
that you'll return in timo to be exe
cuted?" My word of honor, mister!"
Well well" said the colonol.
this young scamp has wit as well as
assurance. A rather young robot to
shoot, too." "Well his assurance
has saved him. Go homo, boy!"
The youth bowed and scampered
oft "The last we shall see of him."
said the colonel.
Half an hour passed by; the colonel,
who was now indoors in his headquar
ters. had forgotten in tho press of his
terrible business, all about tho boy.
whom ho regarded as having been
definitely set free. But all at onco
the door opened and tho boy commun
ist popped in.
Hero I am. mister 1" he exclaimed.
I saw mamma told her. gavo her
the watch and kissed her. Now 1' m
Thon the colonel did what perhaps
none but a rough soldier would have
done. He rose, came over to the
boy. soized him by both eara led him
thus to the door and kicked him out
of iL exclaiming:
Get out you young brigand! (Sot
back to your mother as quick as vou
With a red face tho officer returned
to his chair, muttering to his cum
p.miorn as he waved his hr.nd toward
a party ot tne conuemne.t insurgents:
-'o they havo their heroes thea
First National Bank
COZ.XJ1CBX70. It SB.
A. ANDERSON, Prs't.
J. H. GALLEY, Vic PreX
v C.E. EARLY. AM'tCsakta
. ANDERSON. P. ANDERSON ,
JACOB GIUUBEN. ... HENRY BAOAT
JAMES O. REKUER.
.Statement ef Ceadltlea at the Clese tf
Baslaess Sept. 30, 1892.
Cwfi nnil Discounts .... .
Iteal Etat,FoniUnr snd Fix
tnrs . .. ..-.....
bu from U. S. Treasurer. f ?"
D:if trom other banks M,,J;2 12
O'ta. on hand 28. 3&(
THpltil Stock paid la-.
rirculstlon ....... ..
Ofiico orer Columbus Stato Bsak. Columbaa,
ALBKBT Jfc MKEWKB.
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
W. M. CORNELIUS.
; COR M.I U
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
C r. ElsTMith & North St.. COLUMBUS. NEB.'
l3P-Collect ions a specialty. Prompt and carsj
ftlBttention Kiven to the sot lament of ftte
h the county court by executor, administrator
a: 1 tfunrdians. Will practice in all tho court
. if,;.. c.t tnl of South Dakota. Refers, by
in rmission, to the First National Bunk.
E. T. ALLEN. M. D.,
Eye - and - Ear - Surgeon,
Secretary Nebraska Stata Board
3t9 r.AXOB Block.
Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware!'
Tob-W ork, Eoofinar and Gutter
ing' a Specialty.
Shop oa Nebraska Avenue, two doors aorta
of Rasmussen s. .
pBOPHirroa or thi
The Finest in The City.
HrTh only shop on tho Sooth Side. Colons.
L. C. VOSS, M. D.,
On co over I arW s tore. Sp-cinlist in chronic,
fl-.-i-f. Careful at entlu givca to geDeral
A STRAY LEAFI!
All kinds of Repairiig die
Short Notice. Bnggies, Wag
ons, etc., made to order,
aid all work Guar
anteed. Also sell the world-famous Walter A.
Wood Mowers. Reapers, Combin
ed Machines, Harvesters,
and Self-hinders the
Shop on Olive Street. Columbus, Neb.,
four doors south of Borowiak's.
Coffins : and : Metallic : Cases !
&-Repairing of all kinds of Uphtf
a-tf COLUM BOB, NEBRASKA-
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