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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (March 1, 1893)
VOLUME XXIII. NUMBER 46.
COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 1, 1803,
WHOLE NUMBER 1,190.
tthe old reliable
Columbus - State - Bank !
(Oldost Bank in the State.)
Jaff Merest on Time Deposits
Hates Loans on Heal Estate
JSS'ifcS SIGHT DRAFTS C9
Oaimka, Ckicago, New York ami all
. Forelpi CematrlM.
HELLS : STEAMSHIP : TICKETS,
BUYS GOOD NOTES
.And Holpe 1U Cnctomera when thty Nted Help,
0FFICEBS ASD DIUECTftBf I
LKAJJDER GEKHARD, Pres't.
B. H. HENRY. Vice Pret't
JOHN 8TAUFFER, Cashier.
M. BRUGGER, G. W. HUL8T.
. Authorized Capital of $500,000
Paid in Capital - 0,00f
0. II. SHELDON. Pros'L
H. P. II. OHLlUCn. Tice Pre
C. A. NEWMA.N. Cashier,
DANIEL SCIIRAM. AaJlf,
0. H. Sheldon. .1. P. Bckr.
ircrniBti P. II. Oehlnoh, Carl Itfonk.
Joiibb Wolcb. U'. A. McAllistar,
.7. Ilcnrj- Wnnleraan, IF. 31. Winslow,
rJcorp V. Galley, 8. C. Gry.
Frank Jtoror. Arnold F. H. Ophlrick.
tleary Loaeko, Gerhurd Losaka.
t-JIank ot deposits l&terest allowed oa tima
depoiits; buy and toll exchang on United 8latec
ndEurope.-Bnd buy and toll available aftonritiaa.
W shall be pleated to receive your bnainMa. Wc
Olkit your patronage. 28dec87
IFLEZ M Hills.
Ind all Kinds of Pumpt.
PUMPS REPAIRED O SHORT
Eleventh Street, one door wet of
Hagel & Co's.
We haTe Just opened a new mill on M street,
"opposite Schroeders' flonrinK mill and are pro.
tirod to do ALL KINDS OF WOOD WOUIv,
Store Fronts, Counters,
Stairs, Stair Kailing,
Balusters, Scroll Sawing,
BTEEL AND IRON ROOFING AND
HT All orders promptly attended t. Gall on
Jul3m Columbus, Nebraska.
Cavpata and Trade Marks obtained, and all Pat
ent business conducted for MODERATE FEES.
OUK OFFICE IS OPPOSITE D. S. PATENT
OFFICE. We have no Enb-agenaiee, all business
direct, hence we can transact patent business in
less time and at LESS COST than those remote
Send model, drawing, or photo, with descrip
tion. We advise if patentable or not, free of
chars?. Onr fee not due till patent is secured.
A book, "How to Obtain Patents," with refer
ences to actual clients in your state, county ot
town, sent free. Address
C..A. SNOW CO,
Office, Washington, V. U,
The Journal for Job Work
' NEBRASKA NEWS.
York will probably have an uptown '
j telegraph office soon. '
The Slanton countv fair will be held
, October 3, J, S and 0.
1 II. M. Winslow of Columbus is feed-
ing 300 head of steers on his ranch near i
: Tho mayor of David City has ordered .
' the tin horn gamblers to pack their duds i
, and llv.
Coliimbvs has organized an A.O.U. W.
i lodge with a charter membership of
A Custer county farm which sold last
year for SI, S00 changed hands last week
A sunstroke received last summer re
suited in the death of .lohn Delancy of j
West Point last week.
A number of saloon keepers and'
druggists of Lincoln were arrested for
keeping open on Sunday.
j Irs. Annie Ewlng of Falls City while
goingout after some wood fell on the
ice and dislocated her Wrist.
, .lohn A. Kehoeof l'latte Center is said
i to be an active candidate for internal
, revenue collector of Nebraska.
lohn lln.rlnnd. nted .i-litcpn. wbnsn
irents resides at Weston, has been
I taken to the insane asylum for treat
A horse became frightened by the '
cars at Oreapolis and ran directly into a i
it had to be shot.
The revival now in mvgr"j at Calla
way is attracting snoSi audiences that
one church w'il not hold the crowds
wishing lu attend.
Norfolk has a chance to secure the
location of a wind mill faetorv if her
citizens will agitate fhe financial at-mo-phcrc
just a little bit.
The Mercer is Omaha's UcWest and
best hotel, cor. Twelfth and Howard
streets. Hates ?:.' lo St.. "0 per day, l.'.O
rooms and ".0 connected with bath.
t I', ttexford of Weepinjr Water has
been requested to ship a lot of bin Sor- The bill is a voluminons alfair and will
ghuin for exhibition at the World's fair , if passed and approved be a new bank
and he will comply with the r'jucst. Ing law entirely:
Parties from !m a are talking of put- For an act to establish a stale bank
ting in a evamery at Walbach. Thev ! inS board: to define and designate state
' iroi-.o'v to lease a section of land and
t lurnisli the cows as well as the churn.
4 !,i.,.. ci i. X-....1. ti..i. i...
been clio.en department commander of
i the i. A. IJ. for Nebraska. Church
Howe was made junior vice i-mimander.
Miss (b-rtrmle If. Mclntyre, daughter
and only child of Hon. I'dmund Mcln
tyre. treasurer ot tlie state aLTicultural
. society, died last week of typhoid-pneu-
,,Mmi-1- i the examinaiion of the affairs of all
t The Table l'ock Argus says: Ten i state banks to fix a minimum cnnital:
I thousand dollars in extra taxes paid by ! to provide for the issuing of charters by
I the people of Pawnee count 3' because of i the banking 1-jafd; to provide for the
extravagaut contracts made by county j oppeilUment of receivers: to make it
commissioners. unlawful for insolvent state bank' lo
I A would-be burglar at Harrison broke I reeeivi deposits and provide ior a pon
tile glass in tho door of a store building ; alty; to provide penalty for banks and
and was about o crawl tnrough the1
iperture when tho night watch arrived
and he skipped
The cob pipe factory ni Syracuse has
been running lijht for the last two
weeks for the want of cobs. It is only
a certain kind of corn which yields a
suitable cob for the business.
Tho grand jury of Ueatriee found an
an indictment against YV. A. Waggoner
for forgery and a third indictment
against Isaac YV. Wright for obtaining
money under false pretences.
Antone .lohnxin. a young man 23
years old. had his hand torn o If and arm
crushed while feeding a corn shelter on
the farm of Kred Scrimscher near ThI
mage, li is thought the arm will have
to be amputated.
It is announced that at the recent an
nual meeting of the directory lwvini of
the P.urlington S$4.WH Was appro
priated for enlarging the shops at Have
lock. Work is to commence tiR r'.on as
the frost gets out of the ground.
. J he grocery stove of J. L. Fiske of ,
I Heat nee ws closed on two chattel
I iuui.-s uist ecu,om- lor c.i." given
j to the .ebraska national hank, the
I other for SI, 050 given to William and
, . I. Lasalle of Courtland.
A Superior paper bv mistake
1 Used that the Presbyterian-, would hold
i a dime novel social." All the small
boys in town attended and were much
; disgusted to discover that the novel part ,
i was a notion of the printers
While attempting to renrnlate
machinery of lus elevator .1. E. Dewey
of Herman came near losing his right '
arnj. it was caught in the shafting,
which attempted to carry it all away. '
but compromised by leaving him the ,
Win. A. Sumner of Clay Center re- '
eelveil from Washington letters patent
on a well tiling coupler, the object of '
which tool i to lower lining tiles or
tubes into wells so that the successive i
tile sections are squarely seated on those
The fine large house, four miles south
east of Table l'ock, on the farm of !
Andrew Fellers, burned to the ground, '
Tho lire is supposed to have caught from
a defective fine. It had been built
six or seven years and cost nearly S3. 000
Mitt Mathilde Holmes, the superin
v -1 -
tendent of drawing In t lie tirand Island,
York and Hastings circuit. has
a large number of specimens
done bv the pupils of schools in these
cities and is preparing them for ship- ;
ment to tho world's fair.
A large number of farmers and mer- '
chants met at the Clother house and
adopted articles of incorporation of the
Farmers and Merchants Elevator com
pany of Columbus, capital stock 810.000.
for the purpose of buying, selling ship
ping and storing all kinds of grain.
It is said that the ago county board
of supervisors will at the next regular
mooting adopt a resolution of inquiry to
ascertain the necessity of certain of tho '
county officers spending so much of '
thoir time at Lincoln and elsewhere
outside of their offices during office
The Methodist Episcopal church of
Uennett has opened a series of interest
ing and profitable revival meetings.
Ilev. A. C. Calkins, assisted by his wife
have charge, beginning Sunday. Feb
ruary io. the Presbyterian church of
the same place will begin holding re
vival meetings nightly.
Stewart Kyder committed suicide at
McCook by cutting his throat from ear
to car. A corner's jury returned a ver- ,
diet that the deceased came to his death
while temporarily insane. It was de-
veloped at the inquest that the deceased
had been very despondent for several
days, but no reason could be assigned
Coroner Heintz held an inquest over
the body of a boy named Charles Uor
berg. S years old, accidentally shot by
his brother Fred. 14 years old. The
family are Swedes, living near Lindsey.
The boys, with the other children, were
standing alwut the stove at the time of
the accident, and the coroner says it is ,
a wonder more of them were not killed. .
Cnntain Nathaniel Herron. chief of
the Uea trice fire department, and mem- ;
ber of the council from the Second ward,
died at his home in that city last week
after an illness of several weeks. Cap
tain Herron was formerly sherin of
lage countv. and a man well known
throughout that county and the state.
I STATE LEGISLATURE.
PROCEEINCS IN THE NEBRASKA
SENATE AttL HQUSE.
Both Houses Now Getting Down to Busi
ness in the I'assago of Mil, itt Ke
ronunentllng Tlidf ! iSAbaage, in ln-UeflnlU-lj
i'ostponlnc; or Taking: Other
Action An Abbreviated Report of lro
reeillne; In iidth Crunches as Arranged
for the Press from Day to Day.
TIousk. In the house on the iSth,
House roll Xo. 1?0. by George Cross, mak
ing cities of over ..000 inhabitant cities
of registration ai the general elections
was recommended to pass. House roll
v, nr r --.... (ii-so V.rt cni.,-:t t
the officers Sn cities of the metropolitan
claa3 Was indefinitely postponed. Hills
' ordered to second reading were: T.eiral
; izing the Nebraska stat "ollliry asso-
! ciation. to detir-r certain duties "of said
J association, to make an annual appro-
priation therefor, and fixing a penalty
' fr tnc misappropriation of any of the
i money thereby granted. To amend see
tion 14J2 of the compiled statutes i of the
state ot elraka and entitled "Divorce
how decreed" and to repeal the section
eo amended. To regulate vaiba;!.-., to
fix reasonable maitbiiuiu Ircight rates to
be charefed lor transportation of freight
upon the railroads of the state of Ne
braska and to define the duties of the
governor, supreme court and attorney
general in relation thereto. To provide
for fixing rates for sleeping cars opcra-
xcu wiumi me stale m .ehraka ami
j providing a penalty Wr violation there-
oi. 1 o pi3viie Tor the manner of ap
praiv.lig real and personal property sold
under process of court and to repeal
certain sections of the code of civil pro
cedure. A li.VNKlNn. Hh.i. lielori is the title
of Use mav busih. bill introduced bv
! the committee on banks and currency
Mints ani lo regulate said state banks
"aetuer commercial or livings: to pr-
I vine tor a secretary 'M 1i
ing lioiird Vd state bank examiners
nd define their duties and provide for
their compensation: to require corpora
tions, partnerships, firms and individ
uals transacting a banking business to
make reports and statements under oath
i .. i, ci . .i.:.... i i ..f n v...:
J rosouVeCS and'liabilTUe-: to provide fo
nanK 'r.cers. directors, clerks or 4m-
! ploycs making false statements, entries
and representations and falsifvine
books of such banks; to make it unlaw
ful for officers, directors or employes to
borrow the funds of the bank except
under certain conditions and io provide
a penalty; to provide a penalty for fail
ure of lanks to make reports and state
ments required; nnd to ien'i! chapter
H7, sesion laws lcSf, entitled banking
and all other acts and parts of acts in
consistent with this act.
Sexate. In the senate on the '.'Mb.
Senate file No. .'15, was read the third
time and passed. It provides that but
one-fifth of the road la i-jlleeled in
CO'uuties "under the township organiza
tion hiv shall remain in the hand- '?f
road overseers, the cither fOUl-tifths to
go into the bo-nship treasury for the
beiH'Qt ut all the roads in the township.
Senate file No. 14 was also read the
third time and passed
It provides that
f if anv nirsnn Oirill nnrnnuili- nr in tlio
perpetration or attempt to" perpetrate
any rape, arson, robbery or burglary.
or by administering poison, kill anoth
er, or if any person by willful and cor
rupt perjury shall nurposelv procure
' the conviction and execution of any in-
Docent person, every person so offend
ing shall be deemed guilty of murder m
the first degree and upon conviction
Bhall suffer death of imprisonment
for life in the discretion of the jury.
Darner's bill No. 18. requiring all banks
Of deposit to give bonds to the county
boards for the benefit of the depositors.
Came up for a lively discussion, in which
considerable feeling was engendered.
Tho bill was indelinetely prostponed.
Hills introduced for the first time were:
To amend the state depository act. To
tax sleeping and dining cars. To pro
ride for levying and collecting taxes in
eases where an injuction has been de
creed against the levy. To provide for
the free passage of fish in Nebraska
streams. To fix reasonable maximum
rates upon the transportation of live
stock, grain, lumber, lime and salt,
making an average reduction of ,'0 per
cent in present rates. Relating to the
manner in which county, treasurers
shall make settlements with the state
with the state treasurer.
House. In the house on the 20th tho
bills reported for passage were No. ' 10.
Oakley's bill, regulating registration in
metropolitan cities and cities of the first
and second class: No. 200. Jensen's bill,
regulating school levies: No. 2S:&, Dob-
son s cent passenger mileage hill; o.
201. Lockner's bill, providing for the
registration of marriages, births and
deaths: No. 2i.". Fulton's bill, creating
county loan anil abstract offices: No.
278. Lingenfeldter's bill, appropriating
S7.-S03.73 for the relief of Scotts Bluff
eounty: No. 218. Ilrown's bill, prohibit
ing the pointing of firearms, was re
committed. The following bills were
indefinitely postponed: No. 300. Kyner's
bill to promote the supply of gas in
cities: No. 171. Porter's land and real
property definition bill: No. 200. Smith's
tax sale bill: No. 233. Schlotfeldfs bill,
offsetting delinqnent personal taxes
against any claim held by the delin
quent against the eounty: No. 270. Mer
rick's bill, regulating admission to the
Home for the Feeble Minded; No. 21.
Cooler's bill, regulating telephone
charges: No. !, Newberry's bill, regu
lating telephone charges: No. 274. Van
Duyn's bill for the relief of B. F. Baughn.
Sheridan's bill providing for tho repeal
of the act creating the state board of
transportation, brought on a lively dis
cussion, notwithstanding that it was
recommended for passage in committee
of the whole. On roll call it failed to
secure the necessary sixty-six votes to
carry with the emergency clause, the
ote standing 32 to 29. Another vote
was taken without the emergency
clause, resulting yeas 30. nays 27. So i
the bill was declared carried without '
the emergency clause. Oakley's bill.
No. 20S. appropriating another 830,000
for the world's fair commission was '
the bill was recommitted to the com
mittee to see if something could not be
Senate. In the senate on the 21st
the resolution congratulatin
Cleveland upon his appointment of J.
Sterling Morton to a place in the cab
inet was adonted. notwithstnmlinrr vicr-
Senator Mattes, from '
the committee on miscellaneous corpo- I
t ratious, reported a number of bills to be '
j placed on the general file. One bill,
senate file Xo. 01. Was reported with the
recommendation that-it be ;r..Snitoir
' postponed. ue Dfll was introduced by
j iaiG and provides for the regulation of .
mock yaras onu nxing maximum
! charges. The bill was ordered to the"
' general rile. Senate, iile Ntf. 5, Pactf:
' wood's bill, requiring all railroads
touching the same point in Nebraska
shall build and maintain transfer
I switches for common use.in transfer
Hng l!gUt ir'dm tfcie Klilrcdii lb iib'.iJ"
' cr, was stubbornly contested from the '
ucgiiming. it. was nuaiiy recoramenucu
for passage. A message was received '
irom me governor aunouncintr tnat,
Rev. P. W. Howe had been appointed I
chaplain of the penitentiary and Dr.- W- I
?.iii st..,.i , t-m ..,-i:.. '
committees were received ami Senator
lumiuinvvs ncicrtcm.ui uujl oeiiiiiur
LowleV offered three bills, wlilcli tvere"
l:0rtu for the first time. Scott's bill.sen-
ate hie No. 40, providing that the state
board of health may revoke the .certifi
cate of a practicing physiciuti in ihis
state who is proven to be a chronic
drunkard, was recommended for pas
sage. Among bills introdued were: To
regulate and establish reasonable max
imum charges for the transportation of
freight on railroads within the state of
Hol'sk. In the House ori the '21st the
committer rcort recommending the in-
definite postponement of No. 193, John-
son's bill increasing revenues for road
purposes, und No. 310. Jensen's bill pro-
viding for a state lalxu-ator.x1 at fUc ex-
periinehlal farm, was adopted. The
followirnr tvoro Wk(nminimjlnil Trr r
v.io: Feonb-Mig "tl; placing of safety I &row br09ra corn extensively, says
valves on all vessels containing carbonic the American Cultivator, and manu
acid gass or other gasses under pros- I faeture at least a part of thoir crop
sure; Imposing a fine of Sl for selling ' into brooms. The labor is not difli
litpior to any Indian, idiot, insane per cull t0 learn, and Jn this wav in cer
son woman, or habitual di-unkard; pni- tain neighborhood?, eraplov'meht is
h.bd.ng the po.ntinr hf th-r. i.rinS v as ivcn to a numl)cl. o mo " B j jh5
b'wesHvonotand cannot be hteh.
was placed in the general file; amend
ing the statutes regulating the election
of state and county ollieers and fixing a
penalty for the violation of this act; to
provide additional land nnd construct
and furnish additional buildings at the i
Ni'brasha Institution for Feeble Minded '
Youth and making appropriation there
for: to establish a sta banking board ;
; define and designate state banks and i
to rojnihite s:iid stnti h:itilrs. vlnthor
commercial or savings: to provide for a
secretary of the state banking lioanl 1 he same is true of many other
and state bank examiners and define kinds of work. Thero are some ad
their duties and provide for their com- , v&ntacO In the. Wholesale ni-odnrtion
pensaiion: to pnu-iuv tor me tev'. as
sessibc'ni and collection of taxes in cases
where injunctions have been decreed
against the levy or assessment ami col
lection of axts heretofore levied and
assessed, and to declare and enforce the
liability of railroad corporations under
the laws of this state in rcsn'cl io such
taxes as sJalI iiereafter be levied or as- I build and run a greenhouso during
sessed under the authority of this act; winter employs lubor and requires
to regulate and protect primary dec- capital. But if ono such at least wore
S'ft ' l,re a' Pfties and to punish fal neighborhood it could supply
offenders thereat; to punish persons en- , , - t ,i i
toring. starting, driving or ownin , ffrnicrB on better terms than they are
horses, in races for which entrance , ,lkc,y " the average to get. Iho
money is charged at the gate of .tiny , neighborhood supply of garden vege
race track or in contests of speed for I tables is w.hat is needed to mnko farm
which purse prizes or stakes are. con- gardens what they ought to be. and
tended for and to provide finesand pen- ! though tho largo gardeners advertise
alties for the same. I as iiberauy as they can afford, it re-
Sbxatk. In the senate on the 23d the ' mains true that tho local distributing
following bills were passed: Providing ' wagons bringing plants to the farm-
for the augmentation of the senate li
braries and the library of the State His
torical society. Senate file No. 40. by
Scott, providing that the stale board of
health mav revoke the certificate of any
practicing physician who is addicted to
the use of intoxicating drinks to excess.
Providing that registration of voters
shall only be made in cities having a
population of 10.000 and over. The bill
relieves a number of smaller cities of
the expense of registration. Senator
Moore offered a motion directing Di
rector General Garneau of the Nebras
ka Columbian commission to forward to
the senate within fivi davs the sneeifi-
cations under which the Nebraska state
building at Chicago was built. Carried,
Senate tile No. 59, by Dysart, providing
that all cities and towns in the state
reached by four or more systems of rail-
road such railroads shall build rnd
- . . -i . . j . -i i
maintain union depots, was Indefinitely
postponed. Senate file No. 112, by
Moore, providing for tbp incomoration
of universities was amended and recom-
mended for passage. The following
were passed: Amending section 3023 of
chapter I of tho consolidated statutes.
The section as amended provides that
it shall be the duty of the county clerk,
clerk of the district court and county
treasurer and the treasurer of the vil
lage, town or city where a levy is con
templated, to certify to the sheriff when
requested the amount and character of
all leins existing against the lands and
tenements levied upon. Senate file No.
43, by Gray, providing that registers of
deeds verify by proof reading -all copies, j
the expense of anv corrections to be
paid out of the county general fund;
requiring notaries public to write after
their signatures in all papers signed of
ficially, the date of the expiration of
House. In the house on the 23d
forty-four new bills were introduced
in the morning. Among them was one
authorizing the governor to employ
counsel to assist in recovering the
money due the state from the defunct
Capital National bank and appropri
ating 53.000 to deiray all necessary ex
penses. House roll No. 212.
felter's bill, conferring full
upon women, was considered. It
brought on a spirited debate that was
listened to with a keen relish and en
joyment by the crowded lobby and gal
lories. The motion to recommend the
bill for passage was carried. The house
then took up No. 100, Kessler's bill,
conferring municipal suffrage on
women, and it was recommended for
Indefinite postponement by a vote of 37
to 30. No. 30. Berry's bill, amending
the questions to be asked by assessors,
was recomended for passage. No. 100,
Stevens' bill, designating taxable prop
erty, was next taken up. The bill was
discussed for an hour and a half, and
was then recommended for indefinite
postponement by a vote of 30 to 35.
Biggins' bill, providing for an addi
tional judge in the Twelfth district,
was recommended for passage after
being so amended as to call upon the
governor to fill the place immediately,
pending the next general election. The
report on the universal suffrage bill
brought on a skirmish, and the motion
to adopt the report resulted in the tie
vote of 40 to 40. but it was announced
that it had carried by a vote of 43 to 33.
The members have no hopes of carrying
it when it is put upon its passaged but
they are hustling for votes, and offer
ing trades where they cannot get them
otherwise. There is little probability
that it will pass the house, and none
whatever that it will get through the
senate. The report on the municipal
suffrage bill was rejected and the bill
ordered engrossed for passage. After
the introduction of a large number of
new bills the house adjourned.
Chili has declined to exhibit at the
world's fair on account of bitter feeling
towards the United States.
High society in Boston has been
shocked bj the elopement of Secretary
Gooch. of the Algonquin club, with the
daughter of Millionaire llcrrick.
FAEM AND HOUSEHOLD.
rHE PROBLEM OF FARM
alrlr.g Help by trie Tear in trie Land of
Boast Beef Management of
Cream Stock Notes and
Hiring Help by the J" ear.'
Steady employment throughout the
ear is what is needed to secure and
, t,r. i;..ki !. .n.i.
A,rt tl, t :. , !, u
, the' a ?? J ls Je 'acJ that fth
0ny pra Work for a few
months, and those" when least is re
quired for subsistence, that arite
the energetic and enterprising to
1 seek employment in oities. Ifl olden
time there was more winter manufac
turing on tho farm than is now possi-
ble. There are no more farmers who
tan hides and make the leather Into
boots and shoes or harnesses. All
. these are put on tho market so much
cheaper and with so much better
polish by wholesalo manufacturers
that if is impossible, for the homt?
. manufacturer, working on a imail
scale, to compete. There are still
, shoe repairers who ai e able to earn a
living in cities, but they are often
I not so wo11 liaid ns workers in largo
! shups, arid Uieif riUiubel' tetlds to de-
iinneA uotlimi vWn 4 v E.a .a-v
Some frtrmers we hdv krtowrt to
Thero is too much competition to al
low manufacture of brooms to be
carried on during winter, oven on tho
farm if high wng3 an paid. Hut if
one or two farmers in each neighbor
hood should grow lropm corn and
manufacture and sell ifc during the'
wmter to their neighbors, they might
bo ablo to get something better than
I ne wholesale prices.
, of gai-den plants, like tomato, cabbage
' and celery, by tnose who grow- nnd
, sell millions every year. It is cheaper
' doubtless for a farmer who only wants
' 100 or 200. plants, to buy than to grow
that number. lint here agairi the
, neighborhood idea will apply. To
er's door will furnish tho supply of
garden plants that most farmers will
It is. wo nre satisfied, in ways liko
these that the problem of winter em
ployment on the farm must be solved.
There must be such employment, or
the supply of summer help will con
tinue to decrease both in amount and
quality, as it has long dono. The
ways of providing farm work will
vary according to locality, but that
cannot bo considered a properly bal
anced system of farming that docs
not give some employment in winter
.at a rate that will something more
j than pay expenses to the larger part
' of the help required by farm opera-
j tions in summer.
... ,. ., r ... -r
I' the Land of Ito.ast Ileef.
, ,, . M .
Jonn Bul1 1S not a vegetarian. He
eats meat and plenty of it. Ho thinks
more of his chop or joint than any
one else on earth, rrom the days of
' Ilengist and Horsa this has beentruo
, of tho inhabitants of tho island of
Great Britain. Moreover, thev aro
fond of good meat beef and mutton
; that has been ripened in the most
' approved manner. Mr. Van Natta's
' 'crack" Hereford. Jerry Rusk would
not havo been faulted so much for
excessive richness in London as he
i was at tho Chicago Christmas
fat stock show. J he result of this
natioiial anpetitc foi. choice meats
. , .. .. , ,. "
iias oeen tne creation oi a list ot lm
proved, meat-producing breeds of
British origin, such as no other na
tion has ever evolved; and as skill in
breeding necessarily implies skill in
feeding, it is probably true that there
are probably more real expert feed
ers and fine "finishers" of butch
ers" stock among the English
and Scotch than amomg the
farming population of any
other ono country our own not ex
cepted. The British farmer knows
nat tne highest results in producing
select beeves and muttons cannot be
attained save oy a degree or watchful
ness and care in the breeding and
feeding which is seldom resorted to
in American agriculture. While they
appreciate to the utmost the neces
sity of good sires, and have success
ively and successfully invoked all tho
powers of selection, heredity, in
breeding and out-crossing, they un- j
questionably have a deeper realiza
tion of the true influence of good care
and keep in the maintenance of form
and type than exists among our West
ern people. While we havo only just
fairly began to study the problems
involved in economical and profitable
feeding, our old country cousins have,
for at least a century, been forced by '
the exigencies of their situation and j
the exactness of the connoisseurs to
whom they were catering to make
feeding for market almost one of tho
learned professions. Breeders' Ga
zette. Froper Management of Cream.
Mr. John Oliver, late principal of a i
dairy institute of England, has de- I
livercd several lectures on the proper j
management of cream and the churn- '
ing of butter. His ideas are sura-
marized by the Dairy, of London, and
thej are well worth considering by
dairymen. It is. he says, generally
necessary to mix the cream of two or
three days together for churning1.
These creams should be kept apart
until brought together for ripening,
because the casein in those which had
been properly acidified would churn
rapidly, the others would not. anu
there would come a lo.s of fa iu the
buttermilk. Therefore it is necessary
to held the oldest cream back so as
to bring each, day's oreain together
at as equal . condition as p'ossible.
After the main part of the cream has
been separated it is useless to con
tinue churning it with the hope ol
obtaining the balance In ripening
Cream it is necessary to give a lower
temperature wh'ile coffs are feeding
on grass and succulent fools- than
when feeding on hay, grain and other
dry foods. This was because of the
differenfc of the relative proportions
6f th solid arid liquid fats- Tho suc
cess and economy" of churning depends
in a great degree oti sk'ill and judg
ment in ripening the cream. Every
butter maker must mako a special
study of this point.
Hard Wo He id Gardenia.
Sotrid branches of gardellfilK are
light, easy, and altogether pleasant,
but more of the work in running' a
markci garden successfully is heavy
and often disagreeable'. As for hand
ling manure, the market gardener
applies li'air three to five times as
much per acre as the farmer f would
deem necessary, and much oi it is
applied in the hill by hand. Not so
many ways of dispensing with hand
labor have been found for tho gard
ener as for moderH ftfrmt'rs.- There
aro scores of jobs that tho gardener
must do bending low to tho ground
and as hard on tho back a3 pulling
beads. 'J'hpy rtro the kind of slow,
puttering woric. stn'h as occur in the
farmer's .bw.ri garden, and which most
often put him ollt of patience. Wo
believe more farmers ought io begin
market gardening; but- would bo
very sorry to mislead anyone into
doing so under the idea that the busi
ness is alt easy onp. If it were its
rewards irdiild npt bo so large ar
they are. American Cultivator--
Single Stalls for Cow.
Single stalls aro better for cows, as
tho danger of ono stepping on an
other's teats and Injuring or wholly
destroying Hiem s avoided. Tho
cows arc kept tilarier when in single
stalls. The usual width of iho stall
is four fee. One in.ch slope in tho
floor from the head oi th' stall to the
gutter is sufficient. The longtil of
the stall depends on the size of tho
cow, and as some are larger than
others it Is common to make tho floor
wider at. ono end than the other, and
thtis hare rt regular gradation by
which the small and Iar&'r. cows maj
all be accommodated. The length of
floor given is the clear space betwean
tho manger and the gutter. If the
floor is too long the cows will not be
kept so clean as if it is of such a
length that the hind feet eomo at tho
edge of tho gutter. Mirror and
Careless feeding and handling of
cuttle cill give no profit.
Corn and (fob meal, with bran,
makes a good feed for cattle.
The profit of feeding is not always
confined to tho increaso in weight.
Ono of tho first itoms in cattle rais
ing is to breed them right at tho
It does not pay to raise scrub cat
tle, as a scrub costs as much to raise
as a good one.
Good feeders say to give tho corn
to the steer calf and oats and bran to
tho heifer calf.
Good care goes a long way toward
bringing out the good points of an
It does not pay to keep young,
growing cattle without sufficient feed
to keep them thrifty.
A good feeder can readily tell by
the appearance of a calf whether or
not it will turn out well.
Milk giving and beef forming are
not analagous, and each needs its
special breeding and feeding.
With a large class of farmers profita
ble cattle feeding is almost entirely a
question of lessoning the cost of pro
duction. There is one objection to feeding
cattle without any exercise, and that
is that they aro more liable to tire of
Cattle will thrive better with plenty
of good hay or corn fodder, without
grain, than with plenty of grain and
Ono decided advantage in feeding
by hand is that tho quantity of milk
can bo better regulated, as also tho
length of time it is fed.
Southern farmers are ahead of their
Northern neighbors in many respects.
They think blood and bono fertilizers
are as necessary as good seed tc
secure a fair crop.
The flavor of a young roasted
chicken is improved by placing inside
of it a bouquet of parsley, a small
onion and butter the size of a walnut.
If sheets or tablecloths are wrung
by putting the selvage through tho
wringer the edges will not curl up
and they will iron much raoro easily.
When the edge of a rose blanket
becomes worn it may be very neatly
button-holed with Scotch yarn or
worsted to match the borders in
If the wick of a lamp does not move
easily in the holder draw out one or
two threads from one side. The wick
should be as large a one as the holder
Half a dozen onions planted in the
cellar where they can get a little
light will do much toward absorbing
aud correcting the atmospheric im
purities that are so apt to lurk in
Old feather beds may be freshened
and the feathers made lighter and
more lively by laying them on a clean
grass plot during a heavy shower.
Let them be thoroughly wet through,
then dried and beaten with rods.
By immersing a lead pencil in a jar
of linseed oil until it is thoroughly
saturated, lead, wood and all, it will
be found that the lead has been
toughened and softened, and the pen
cil will outwear two of the untreated.
Buy bar soap by tho quantity if
you want to Iks truly economical,
stand the bars on edge, one above an
other, with as much open space as
possible between them. They will
then dry out and last almost twice as
Nothing is of more benefit to the
hair than daily and vigorous brush
ing, but this entails a sadly soiled
hfr briiih. every few days. If the
brush is dipped iu ammonia water
and then dried in the sun it will come
out as good as new.
BUILDERS IN CONVENTION. '
lapertMt National Gatherlac la 8k ,
loafa Plane for the Vail
St. Louis, Feb. 17. The c"criTention
of builders, which has been in se'ss'on
here this week, has been closely
watched by architects all over the ,
country. The convention brought I
something like a thousand people to
the city who were interested in archi- .
tecture and building All of tho delff !
gates spent an afternoon going through ,
the big business buildings of St. Louis, i
and examining from carriages, as they
rode' along tho boulevard?, the hand- ,
somest private residences of the city, j
The convention took very strong i
ground against the Hational policy of '
trusting important public work in the ,
hands of "political architects," as
Charles Dudley Warner calls them iu ;
hi article on the World's Fair build
Ings in Harper's, protesting that it en-
codraged extravagance, and gave the
country ngly and unworthy govern
For some time work has been stopped
on the comprehensive system of boule
vards planned for the city last year,
and it has required legislation
authorizing an additional taxation ot
the property that would be benefitted
to get IKc money to carry out the
plans. The property owners affected
were willing enough to pay ih small
extra cost the boulevard building
would have imposed on them, but the
law would not allow the tax to be col
lected, and so in this legislature the
unlqds spectacle was presented of tho
owners of Iirid begging for the
imposition of a greater tiC on their
ground in order that its value might
be increased. Now. the money being
secured, work on the now boulevards
will be pushed vigorously as soon as
spring fairly opens, and by the end of
summer it will be" possible for a man to
drive over smooth asphalt dud telford
paving for twenty miles without get
ting out of the city.
Tho managers of the St Louis Expo
sition have jllat made an arrangement
with the World's Fair directors b f
which the art gallery of the great ex-
hibition here will ect the benefit of
the finest f the pictures sent to ihe ' -Fair
by painters in this country aud
ethers. Paintings will be exchanged
between St. Louis and the trailer? of '
the World's Fair. The arrangement is
a very costly one to the exposition but
it promises much better results than
the did way of borrowing a few pict
ures here and thsre from private gal
leries in different cities, and then
filling up the rest of the space with
paintings that were for sale by the
artists. By the r.ew plan visitors to
the Exposition here will able to see
the very best works of art froas the
galleries of all the great cities of the
United States as well as Europe.
From this time till the end of the
year, the Health Department of the
city and the Citizens' Sanitary Com
mittee will spend over half a million
dollars in carrying out the sanitary
plans that were made last year. It is
intended to make the sjtrcets, alleys
and vacant lots of the city so clean
that not only will it be impossible for
any epidemic disease to break out here
during the summer and fall, but more ,
than that, the Intelligence of the
wholesome condition of the city.going ,
abroad, will reassure timid people who
have not yet recovered from the !
cholera scare of last season in New
York, and will convince them that in
St Louis they will be protected against '
any sort of danger to their health. The
widest publicity is to be given to this
sanitary campaign, and it will be sure
to leave St Louis the best guarded city
in the country, in the event that any t
plague from foreign shores comes thb
It Isn't New. '
Those who imagine that the care of
the teeth and the replacement of the ,
natural grinders with false ones is
"something new under the sun" may I
be surprised to learn that artificial
teeth were made of ivory, placed on '
plates of the same material and held .
together and in place by gold wires and
rivets 500 to 1.000 years before Christ.
Herodotus, '-the father of history,' tells j
us that the Egyptians of the fifth d'
nasty understood the diseases of the i
teeth and their treatment. There arc '
several passages in history to lead one :
to the belief that both Ciesar and An-
tony wore artificial teeth. The date of
the introduction of false teeth into
Europe is uncertain. They wyxc known ;
In England as early at least as the U
covery of America. ''The Mathemati-
cal Jewel," published in l."S., contains
an account of Sir John Balgrave, "who
caused all of hys teethe to be drawne
Out, and after had a sett of ivory teethe
in agayne." The visitor at the centen- ,
nial of 1870 was given a chance to view '
the false ivory masticators which oncw
served the immortal Washington. '
Care of Street Trees.
Street trees sometimes need pruning.
If, however, they have been originally
well selected a small knife will be all
that is necessary for a few years to re
move an occasional branch that starts
out in the wrong place. There is rarely
any necessity of cutting off a large
limb. If this necessitj ever does come
the limb should be cut off close to the
trunk and the place smoothed over and
timately covered with healthy bark
We have often explained that wherevep
a stub is left this must inevitablj' d,'e
and as the trunk grows about it there
will be a plug of rotted wood whee the
branch originally grew, and the dis
ease will eat inward and downward ns
the water soaks in from without. Aftev
street trees have attained mature sizc
pruning is rarely needed beyond the oc
casional cutting away of a dead branch
or the removal of one which interferes
with another. Garden and Forest.
An Instructive Fable.
A swarm of flies had been feeding all
summer on the blood of a thrifty cow.
The feed was good early in the season,
and the cow gave a large amountof
milk and gained in flesh at the same
time. But when the grass dried up and
the weather was cold the flies were
driven off. Then the leader of the
swarm, named Benjamin, sat on a rok
and made a speech, in which he srid:
"Now let us see if the cow will d as
well without us as she did whi w
were sucking her blood." Manceste
When a Man Is at Ills Be
The best half of life is in frc- S",fc
man of 40 if he be anything a Pan
The work he will do will be flievith
the hand of a master and n !j"aw
apprentice. The trained in:lecPoes
not "see men as trees walPST jhnt
sees everything clear and yust "V35"
ure. The trained temper?,not pk
at work like a blind buUTIk.
but advances with the ft ,'
pace of conscious PowCajfarfn T
determination. Viekr ,
First National Bank
A. AfiDCTSON. PrWt.
J. H. Q ALLEY. Tice Pwt.
C. E. EAP.LT, AaVt Caakta
B. ANDERSON. P. ANDERSOW,
JACOB GREI8EN. HENMC BAQAT2,
JAMES Q. RiEDEll.
Statemeat f Cndltie at the Close tf
Baslaess Sept. 30, 18!.
Loins and Discounts
Heal Ettatr.Furniture and Fix
Duo from U. 9. Treasurer. t75.0O
Du- from other banks 5S.'-"0 13
Uh onhaml '.2i.m 87.Q-a.18
' Capital Stock paid ia.
Un lividett profit ,
t Circulation, -
i Deposits .....
('flict orer Columbus State Bonk. Colnmbna,
ALUKKT & SKKDKK,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
! Ofltce oTr
W. A. McALLISTKK. W. M. C0UNELIU8.
' A r Al.I.IS 1 UK 4c iia.Baj
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
ATTORN EY-AT-L AW,
Cor. Eleventh & North St.. COLUMBUS. NKR
fjr-Collections especially. Prompt and cara
ftt attention given to tho settlement of estate
in hf county court by executor, administrator
an I tfuimhan. Will nractico in all the courU,
ut tiii ktnto und of bouth Dakota. KeioiB, by
u mission, to th First National Hank.
E. T. ALLEN, M. D.,
Eye - and - Ear - Surgeon;
Secretary Nebraska State Board,
031AIIA, NEB f
JOu Ramoe Blocs.
Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware!
Job-Work, Roofing and Gutter
ing a Specialty.
Shop on Nebraa Avenue, tvvo doors north
A. E. SEAEL,
rnoPBirroa of thx
The Finest in The City.
3Tho only shop on the Souta Side. Colum
bus Nebraska. 280ct-7
L. C VOSS, M. D.,
OKceover I arber.- iore. Spi-Hnllst in cbroul,
d-iMM-.. Careful afentlou iven to general
A STEAY LEAF I
O ffiJJ ?Tme. i-'""
L'in l'latt.. countv. Hilt I DC D
r '' -M ClIIILIULllfl
Shora Olive u.
Jur doors BoufrFt'-oiumbus, Nab., '
Coffins : and : Metallic : Cases !
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