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VOL. XVLII.-NO. 49.
COLUMBUS, NEB., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 28, 1888.
WHOLE NO. 933.
LEANDKR GERHARD, Pnw't.
GEO. W. HULST, Vice Pnw't.
JULIUS A. REED.
R. II. HENHY.
J. E. TASKEK. Cashier.
ale r Oepvult, !-
CIIectlBn Prattly Slle
ly latere! Time ee-
V. H. SHELDON. 1'reVt.
w. a. McAllister, vice Pre'.
ROBERT UHLIG, Cashier.
DANIEL SCHRAM. Asa't Cash.
J. P. BECKER, H. F. II. OEHLRICH.
JONAS WELCH. CARL REINKK.
H. M. WINSLOW.
This Bank transacts a regular Banking Busi
nw. will allow interest on time deposits, make
collections, buy or sell exchange on United
States and Europe, and buy and, sell available
We shall be pleased to receive your business.
Wo solicit your.patronaue. We guarantee satis
faction in all business intrusted in oar care.
WESTERN COTTAGE OBGAH
Or G. W. KIBLER,
tari'hese organs are tirst-chit.8 in every par
ticular, and so guaranteed.
SCNIFFROTH t PLITH,
- PK4LFIIS IN
Buckeye Mower, combined, Self
Binder, wire or twine.
Piaps Repaired on short notice
tVOne door wet of Heintc'fi Drug Store, 11th
street. Columbus, Neb. 17novt)o-tf
COFFINS AND METALLIC CASES
AND DBALXR IX
rratimr, Chain. Badstaads, Bu-
rMa,Tabla, Safes. Lonngaa,
etc. Fictnra Framaa and
JF 'Repairing of all kinds of UphoU
C-tf COLUMBUS. NEBRASKA.
Caveats and Trade Marks obtained, and all Pat
entboainesN conducted for MODERATE FEES.
OUB OFFICE IS OPPOSITE U. 8. PATENT
OFFICE. We have no sub-agencies, all batinssa
-direct, hence we ran transact patent business in
1ms time and at LESS COST than those remote
Bead modsTdrawing. or photo, with descrip
tion. We advise if patentable or not, free of
i lull' Onr fee not due till patent 19 secured.
A book. "How to Obtain Patents," with refer
moastoactaaljcliesibvin your state, county or
fntfree. AlOW fift
Opposite Patent OBce, Washington, D. C.
THE JANUS FACED DEMOCRACY.
Free Trad far Ob Faction mad Protec
tion for Another.
For one thing President Cleveland is en
titled to the thanks of the Republican
party. He has boldly torn away the mask
of disinterested friendship to workingmen
behind which his party baa been masque
rading for years, and committed them
squarely to free trade. Of course he will
be labeled protection in Pennsylvania,
and, judging by all precedents, the Demo
cratic convention will be able to formulate
u platform susceptible either of a free
trade or protection construction. It ought
not, however, to require a very long course
of reasoning to convince the ordinary
mind that whatever they may say, they
mean open doors to unlimited competition
from all quarters of the globe. This
Janus faced party ought to die, and its
epitaph should be, "Suicided in an attempt
to win English favor." Rutland Tele
gram. PITH AND POINT OF POLITICS.
Sharp Shots anil Keen Cut by Kcputtll
ran and Protective Editors.
Governor Hill says "no one man is es
sential to the Democratic party." Mr.
Hill's heart is right, but there is some
thing the matter with his head. Rome
The declination of Mr. Blaine has
knocked the bottom out of mugwumpery.
Cleveland Leader. '
"Trusts" and "free trade" are two of a
kind. Chicago Inter Ocean.
There are many complaints in regard to
the postal service. Economy is a good
thing, but it is not to be pushed so far as
to impair the efficiency of that service.
Chairman Mills says Cleveland must be
the Democratic nominee, whether he
wants to or not. Oh, he wants to. Mil
The Hill "boom" has grown very, very
small, since the meeting of the Democrat
ic national committee. Albany Express.
Like John Van Bnren, Mr. Cleveland
has n contempt for a record over twenty
four hours old. Once he favored a one
term presidency, but at that time he had
not been elected. Now York Press.
When a Republican leader retires his
party associates grieve. When a great
Democratic leader retires bis party asso
ciates roll their barrels out where they can
be seen and intimate to the country that
the sea still contains as good fish as ever
were caught. Philadelphia Press.
Now it is said that President Cleveland
may write a letter declining a renomina
tion. Such an epistle will not be accepted
as genuine unless it has the indorsement
of Frances Folsom Cleveland across the
back. Minneapolis Tribune.
The Wall of Free Trade.
The Mark Lane ExpresB, in its review
of the London breadstuffs market for
1887, calls attention to the fact that im
ports of flour are destroying the milling
business in Great Britain. It says:
It will be seen that the total of wheat received
in London is rather smaller than last j-ear, but
that the combined quantities of wheat and flour
are larger, owing to the very great increase in
the quantity of flour. It is u startling fact that
the bulk of flour chiefly from the United States
which has come to London during the year 1887
la larger than that received in the form of wheat
by a quantity equal to 280,307 quarters of wheat.
Under such circumstances as these it cannot be
woudered at that the trade has been dull and
dragging throughout, and the facts as they stand
are of serious import to the British milling In
dustry. Sew York Tribune.
Their True Ailment.
This is what ails the mugwump jour
nals: They made Mr. Blaine's nomina
tion a shallow pretext for deserting the
Republican party. They are committed
to the free trade policy of President Cleve
land. Mr. Blaine's withdrawal leaves
them without the shadow of an excuse
for supporting Mr. Cleveland except free
trade. They And themselves exposed in
their nakedness as free traders, and they
are agitated and looking about for flf
leaves. New York Tribune
The Democratic Dilemma.
It's a funny dilemma, anyhow. If the
Democrats renominate Cleveland they will
indorse his tariff message, which has been
adopted as a Republican campaign docu
ment. If they don't renominate him it
will be because they will nominate a man
who represents the Republican doctrine of
protection, and who will stand on a platr
form with Republican planks in it. What
sort of a rarty te tuis Democracy? New
Jnst a Slight Mistake.
Some of the Democratic papers hint
that Mr. Blaine has withdrawn from the
presidential field l)ecause his Paris letter
relating to President Cleveland's message
fell flat. They are mistaken. The letter
did not fall flat, but it helped to flatten
out the free trade boom, for ever since it
appeared the president's friends have been
trying to show the message did not mean
what it said. Troy Times.
BeTlsien, Xet Destruction.
The tariff issue as presented by Repub
licans is not an iron clad rule against
needed changes in the present schedule.
The tariff has been amended, changed and
improved time and again, and under Re
publican control this policy of correcting
in it what is obviously for the benefit of
the country will continue. Boston Trav
eler. Three Qaestloas In One.
There are, in fact, three great questions
to settle in one the settlement of the
tariff question, the removal of sectional
Ism from politics and the new help of a
great element of white men in the south
to secure honest elections throughout the
aouth as well as in the north. Des Moinea
This Editor Onght to Bead the Papers.
The Republican party was never before
In such a pitiable coadition as lifts now,
when it is seeking to find, within its own
ranks, a mai who is worthy of the presi
dential office. Wilmington Messenger
THE CHALLENGE ACCEPTED.
Extract from Hon. Chauncey M. Depew'a
The speech of Hon. Chauncey M. De
pew, of New York, at Chicago on Wash
ington's birthday has attracted wide
spread attention, has been liberally quoted
from and is generally regarded as the
most intensely patriotic and thoroughly
American utterance of the present day.
He designated President Cleveland's mes
sage to congress as a challenge to debate,
and as one of the most fortunate issues of
the campaign. Remarking that "doubt
and debate are the safety valves of free.
! aom," ne toot up the message in the
I course of his oration and discussed it as
It is vital to the success of our mission
that all questions be boldly met. fearlessly
I discussed, and promptly acted upon. The
area of arable acres in the United states
is 20 per cent, larger than that of China,
which supports u population of nearly
400,000,000. Aa time is reckoned in the
history of nations, in the near future there
will be 200,000,000 of people in this coun
try. All of them will be dependent upon
industrial condition, and the larger part
of them will be wage earners. Our prob
lem is not, How can they be controlled?
for they are the majority, and the
majority is the government; but, How
are they to be satisfied? Macaulay'a pre
diction has been supported by the ablest
political economists of the Old World.
They claim that with the conditions
of crowded populations always on the
brink of starvation, with hopeless pov
erty and chronic distress, such as prevails
under European governments, the repub
lic 'fill end in anarchy, and anarchy in
despotism. Cheap transportation has ob
literated the lines which -formerly divided
the planters and the manufacturers, and
engendered and embittered the sectional
controversies. The new south thrills
with the movement of mighty Industries
which are developing her mines, utilizing
hei great forces and resources, and found
ing her cities. The flames of busy fur
naces illumine her wasted fields, and near
and quick markets awaken to hitherto
unknown activities her dormant agricult
ure. The hum of the spindles and the
inspiring music of machinery sounds over
the prairies and along the lakes, as well
as among New England hills and Penn
Ninety-nine years ago, on the fourth day
of July, 1789, George Washington signed
the first tariff act passed by the young re
public. Political independence had been
proclaimed by the immortal declaration
of 177G, but the country was still depend
ing on Great Britain for every article of
manufacture in metals or fabrics. With
more gloomy forebodings thau those
caused by the separation of the empire
was this news received in England. It
was the emancipation of raw materials
and the birth of manufactures in the
United States, and without them the re
public had no "manifest destiny." At the
close of an exhausting war, with an un
paid, half clothed and riotous army, a
worthless currency, shattered credit and
an empty treasury, Alexander Hamilton,
great in every department of mental
activity, but the greatest of finance minis
ters, was called upon to provide the moneys
for carrying on the government, meet
ing its obligations, and restoring
its credit. In a report, whose argu
ments have never been answered
or equalled, he gave as the solution of
the present problem and of future pros
perity, protection to home industries as a
continuous policy, and, when necessary.
bounties and premiums besides. The
closing year of the century of Hamilton's
idea finds thirteen states grown to 38.400,
000 people increased to 60,000.000 and
nominal national wealth to $60,000,000,
000. A manufacturing plant not worth
$500,000 has expanded until its annual
product is 16,000,000,000, and thr con
Miiuption per year by our own pex .e of
the output of our farms and our factories
is not less than five times the consolidated
capital of 1789. From an Increasing in
debtedness to foreign nations, which
drained all our resources, the returning
tide of the balance of trade is flowing in
enriching currents through every artery
of our industrial life. Upon this golden
monument, with $100,000,000 of surplus
in the national treasury, and proud and
prosperous populations all around, the
culminating century finds President
Cleveland proclaiming with equal bold
ness, if less originality, the new depart
ure. The celebration of the birthday of
the father of his country recalls at this
juueture the peculiar significances of the
language of the law which received his
first signature as president, and which
had his heartiest approval:
"Whereas it is necessary for the support
of the government, for the discharge of
the debts of the United States, and the
encouragement and protection of manu
facturers, that duties be levied on goods,
wares and merchandise imported." Since
that most fruitful legislation, whenever
theory has overcome the plain teachings
of practice, the penalty has been panics
and distress. "The friend of the many
against the profits of the few" Is the se
ductive role which captivates the free
trader, and its glittering allurements on
a subject new to his thought and studies
have led out to sea the strong common
sense of Mr. Cleveland. It is the basis of
the policy upon which he has staked his
own fortunes and those of his party.
"The tariff raises the price to consumers,"
he says, "of all articles imported or sub
ject to duty, by precisely the sum paid
for such duties;" and, as the consumers
are enormously in excess of the laborers
upon purely protected articles, he rushes
naturally aad triumphantly to the con
clusion that tariff laws are "the vicious,
inequitable and illogical source of un
necessary taxation." In 1816, 1832, 1848,
the weapons which the president found iu
1888 won great victories, but like Sam
sou's arms about the pillars of the temple,
the result involved all in common ruin.
The mill closed, the furnace fires out, the
farmer bankrupt and the laborer a tramp,
are the lurid lessons of these well meant
experiments upon a delusive theory of the
relations of the factory to the farm.
tVhy Alabama Ova Free Tiad.
There are few northern men who begin
fairly to appreciate the marvelous devel
opments of the exnaustless mineral and
metallic resources of the southern states.
The bare and cold statistics that tell the
story of these developments during the
past ten years are so phenomenal and
startling that they have to be made grad
ually familiar by reiteration and explana
tion in order to become the realities in
common appreciation that they are in fact.
We are freshly reminded of this by the
statements of that trustworthy Alabama
newspaper, The Birmingham Age, which
says that there will be built, this year, in
Alabama, twenty new Iron furnaces, with
an average output of 2,000 tons a day, or
700,000 tons per annum. This output,
with that of the existing furnaces, will
run the output of 1888 up to about 1,000,
000 tons, and it is hoped by the Ala
bamians that in that year their state will
contest with Ohio the honor of being the
second iron producing state in the Union,
the iron output in Ohio last year having
been 975,539 tons. Thus, in 1889, the
iron product of Alabama, estimated at
fully $15,000,000, will be one of the three
most valuable products of the state, rank
ing above the corn crop, about $10,000,
000, and below the cotton crop, about
It is such vast economic char? 3 as
these that are convincing those Al ami
ans, whose future is not behind them,
that the continuance of Republican pro
tection is of vital importance to their in
terests, and that the true way to reduce
the surplus is by abolishing the direct
taxes and thus adding to the power of the
states to tax the whisky nanufacture,
so as to limit its evils and to make it pay
part of the local taxes which are made
necessary by the liquor traffic. New
York Mail and Express.
A Very Common Complaint.
New England business men are maldnf
a strong effort to get better mail facilities.
The movement is general throughout the
country. It shows how the administra
tion of the postal service has fallen away
under a "refonn" administration. Roch
ONE OF CHICAGO'S BUILDINGS.
Largely Owned and Entirely Sfunagrd by
m Woman Fads and Novelties.
Central Music hall block might very
properly be called the petticoat palace of
Chicago. Largely owned and entirely
managed by a woman Mrs. Carpenter
a greater number of women pass through
its doors each day than any other building
iu town is honored with.
i In and out they go all day long, and
I ranging all the way from the beautiful
I and enthusiastic young girl, who is iu
1 dulging in the dream that her voice will
make her famous, to the decrepit old
woman whom a friend or servant must
assist up the stairs to the office of the
woman metaphysican or Christian healer
who has undertaken to remove her lame
ness or her ills. Indeed, these extreme
types are common enough at the doors of
Central Music hall. In this building is a
musical college which numbers among its
pupils hundreds of young women, and
one who stands for a moment at the
storm doors and watches the throngs
pass iu and out will find food for
reflection in the bright faces, glowing eyes
and merry words of the hopeful and san
guine creatures with music rolls under
their arms. He will not have long to
wait for the more somber picture of a life
whose sands have nearly run out. of a
diseased anuMielpless and hopeless mortal
whose day dreams of long ago have ended
in the nightmare of reulity. There are in
Central Music hall women doctors, wo
men metaphysicians, women Christian
scientists, women dentists, artists, mil
liners, and what not.
It is. too, a great place for fads, novel
ties, new things, progressives of all sorts.
On the various floors of the handsome
building may be found, besides the mind
healers, women doctors of the old schools,
a woman manicure and chiropodist, mas
sage practiced by both sexes, a school of
languages in which Volapuk is taught,
ocean brine bath, Swedish movement,
compound oxygen treatment, a dramatic
teacher, and, as one might easily suppose
from the number of women who frequent
the building, a millinery store, a candy
shop, an embroidery bazaar and a photo
graph gallery. Chicago Herald.
A Word for Dakota.
Writing of the late blizzard, an eastern
"The people who live in this region of
Ice and sleet and snow inhabit a far colder
country than Lapland. If they continue
to live there they must modify their habits
so as to adapt them to the conditions of
blizzards. If they are derelict in this
matter, however, we may expect every
year or two to be thrilled by reading
similar accounts of disasters in this wind
swept, sleet cursed region."
If the blizzard is to be a regular visitor,
the people of Dakota will soon adapt
themselves to it become familiar with
the signs of its coming and provide re
treats for sudden emergencies, just as
cyclone cellars have become a regular part
of the home conveniences of people living
in districts where that wild and unruly
phenomenon has its plavground. Over
a thousand miles north of the
north line of Dakota people live
comfortably and safely, and have
done so for generations. The late
blizzard, fearful as it was, will have no
permanently damaging effect on our north
ern territories, nor will it retard settle
ment and immigration to any considerable
extent. There is too much gold, silver
and copper in Montana and Idaho and
the wheat fields of north Dakota are too
extensive and productive to lie neglected.
The great tide of immigration will flow
ou, no more affected by the recent storm
than is the ocean's tide by the gales that
sweep over it. Chicago Times.
By Way of Hudson's Bay.
Careful calculations have shown that
the city of Winnipeg, for instance, is at
least 800 miles nearer Liverpool by the
Hudson's bay route than by the St. Law
rence, and the difference in favor of the
former increases, of course, the farther
you advance northwestward. If, as has
been pointed out, you take the central
point of the agricultural lands of the
Canadian northwest, you will find that
the distance from it to Winnipeg is about
the same as to Churchill, the finest har
bor of the bay. Now the distance between
Churchill and Liverpool is a little less
(about sixty-four miles) than it is between
Montreal and that great entrepot of com
merce. The conclusion, consequently, is
that as between the said center and Liv
erpool there is a saving of the whole dis
tance from Winnipeg to Montreal, by the
use of Hudson s bay, which means iu
miles no less than 1,291 via Lake Supe
rior and 1,698 via Chicago. J. Macdonald
Oxley in American Magazine.
Where to Send Late Comers.
Some of the churches in Chicago have
adopted a rule for late comers which
would be a blessing iu the theatres if it
could be enforced. After the sermon is
begun the late arrival is quietly directed
to a seat in the gallery. The rule applied
once never falls to have good effect. The
fashionable McFlimsey girl, who stands be
fore her mirror until 11 o'clock before
starting to her devotions, will not linger
again after she has failed to sail down the
aisle in her latest attire. I understand
that the first man who had the moral
stamina to put his foot down on this late
coming in is Rabbi Hirsch of Sinai. Sev
eral other ministers in Chicago have sec
onded the efforts with good effect. The
theatrical manager who will have the grit
to sell only up stairs seats after a certain
honrmay not make as much money the
first week he tries it; but in the long run
he will get the crowd and get it in good
season. Chicago MolL
Their Own Guns Turned Upon Them.
Cloth and clothing are cheaper and
better than under any previous period of
low tariff. "But," says the free trader,
"that is because newly invented
machinery has decreased the cost of
manufacturing cloth and clothing."
Admit it; but without the protective
tariff there would have been no newly
invented machinery in use in this
country. Europe would have furnished
all our cloth and clothing at its own price.
In Training for a Great Event.
President Cleveland has profited by the
example of the young men of Baltimore
and is learning how to take walks. In
thus taking time by the forelock the
president is acting with commendable
wisdom, for he may have to take a notable
walk on the fourth day of March, 1889.
New York Press.
Sarah Bernhardt says she is really
ashamed of herself when she thinks that
if she had not been so extravagant she
might now give her children a miiliou in
stead of a few hundred thousand francs.
New York Tribune.
Listen to the free trade scream about
the unemployed. Carroll D. Wright has
Just issued a report which shows that in
1885 no less than 241,589 persons out of
the 816,470 employed in the gainful occu
pations in Massachusetts were out of em
ployment What -a delicious statistical
mouthful for Watterson, Hurd, George
and the free trade newspapers. Nearly SO
per cent unemployed.
Of course the audience and the readers
of free trade newspapers will be left in
utter darkness as to what portion of the
year they were unemployed. The aver
age rree trader will never be candid
enough to say that as a matter of fact in
a working population of 816,470, only
822 persons, or hardly more than one
third of one per cent were returned as
having been unemployed during the entire
These are probably the first authentic
statistics of the kind ever collected, and
The Press is inclined to think that the
showing is, upon the whole, satisfactory.
The average length of time the unem
ployed were unemployed was 4.11 mouths,
while for all persons employed in gainful
occupations, considered as a whole,
whether employed or unemployed, the
average of unemployment during the state
census year was 1.22 months.
It will thus bo seen that the working
population of the state of Massachusetts
was employed at its principal occupa
tion for a trifle less than eleveu months.
And 1885 was not as prosperous a year in
a good many industries as the year just
Meantime it is the duty of protectionists
to spread the real facts before the public.
New York Press.
What Did Cleveland Mean?
In his letter accepting the nomination
lor the presidency Mr. Cleveland wrote as
"When we consider the patronage of
this great office (of president), the allure
ments of power, the temptation to retain
place once gained, and, more than all, the
availability a party finds in an Incumbent
whom a horde of office holders, with a
zeal born of benefits received and fostered
by the hope of favors yet to come, stand
ready to aid with money and trained
political service, we recognize in the eli
gibility of the president for re-election a
most Eerious danger to that calm, deliber
ate and intelligent political action which
must characterize a government by the
The interesting question arises, What
did Mr. Cleveland mean when he used
this language? Clearly he must have
meant one of two things. His words are
properly to be regarded either as commit
ting Mr. Cleveland to a declination of a
presidential nomination, or they are to be
regarded as buncombe. A doctor who re
fuses to take his own medicines is looked
npon the world over aa a fraud. New
The information comes directly from
Roswell P. Flower that Governor Hill is
a candidate for the presidential nomina
tion. When Mr. Flower was in Loudon
last summer he expressed the desire to re
turn to the United States and devote him
self to the defeat of Grover Cleveland.
He was outspoken in his purpose to his
intimate friends. He seems to have en
tered upon his chosen work. We shall Bee
whether the Flower will bear fruit In
Patriotism Above Partisanship.
If the president's free trade programme
should actually become crystallized into
law it would injure the south much more
thau it would the north, and, of course,
drive the Democracy from power for a
dozen years to come. As partisans, the
Republicans have a special interest in
offering no obstruction to the free trade
scheme. As patriots, however, they must
light it by every legitimate means at their
command. St. Louis Globe-Democrat
What Randall Really Represents.
The great mistake of the free traders
grows out of the fact that Mr. Randall
has so long defended the principle of pro
tection on the Democratic side that they
have come to regard him as a personal
enemy, while in reality he is the repre
sentative of a sentiment that is over
whelming in the states that decide fed
eral elections. New York Sun.
Cleveland Conld Carry Canada.
A representative of The Press in Mon
treal, Canada, the other day was met
with this: "I believe you represent one
of those blasted Yankee protection sheets.
I think you are making a mistake, for
Mr. Cleveland is very popular here." Of
course he is, in the British provinces.
But how about his free trade message in
the United States? New York Press.
It May Be a Blizzard by Summer.
It is a pity that a Dakota blizzard can
not be stored away like ice, to moderate
torrid weather in summer. Still we shall
have, as spring advances, the growing
coolness in the Democratic party toward
Mr Cleveland. Cincinnati Commercial
A Crushing Reply.
The Democratic answer to the charges
that Jeffersonian Simplicity Hill misap
propriated $17,000 of state funds on musi
cal clocks, billiard tables and other knick
knacks and bric-a-brac: "Phil Sheridan
was born in Ireland." New York Press.
Bad Advice or No Advice.
Mr. Cleveland has either listened to bad
advice,-or he has listened to none. The
former is the more probable. The certain
thing is that he has made a bad botch of
it and damaged himself irreparably. Men
of sagacity and influence, who a few
months ago were open in their praise of
him, are today secretly plotting his de
feat. He has gained no friends except
those who have been paid for with office,
and made enemies of men who have the
power and the disposition to harm him.
Right, aa Sure as Yon're Born.
Real name of the next Democratic can
didate for the presidency:
Jast the Article Wanted.
This much may be safely affirmed as to
the Republican temper in relation to the
presidential nomination: It desires a
man who is always a Republican, who is
for protection to American industry, who
is for a free vote and a fair count in
all the states, and who will use all the
means at his command to enforce it.
Chicago later Ocean.
Facts Never Trouble Them.
There Isn't a free trade organ in the
country that doesn't know that domestic
competition has been built up by protec
tion, and that it is this that has made'the
prices of manufactured goods low to the
consumer. -And yet we have never seen
a free trade organ that was fair enough to
even concede the tact Detroit Tribure.
Where Does He Draw the Line.
Will Chairman Mills never be satisfied
until he can chase a ten cent sheep over the
prairies of Texas in a 2 suit of clothes.
Syrup of Figs
Is Nature's own true laxative. It is tho
most easily taken, and the moBt effective
remedy known to Cleanse the System
when Eilious or Costive; to dispel Head
aches, Colds and Fevers; to cure Habit
ual Constipation, Indigestion, Piles, etc.
Manufactured only by the California Fig
Syrup Company, San Francisco, Cal. For
sale only by Powty 4 Becher. 27-y
FARM AND GARDEN.
A DEVICE FOR BREAKING A HORSE
PULLING AT THE HALTER.
Comparative Value of Cora, Cornmeat
and Oatmeal for Pigs Causes of and
Remedies for Feather Eating: Hens.
Douches for Husking Corn.
For husking corn under shelter or in
the open field, a husking bench is a great
convenience. In the accompanying cuts
are shown two styles of husking benches
that were recommended and illustrated a
short time ago by Country Gentleman.
PIO. 1 HCSKINQ BENCH.
The bench shown In the first cut re
quires no description. Any one can make
one liko it, without other guide than the
figure here shown. To use it, tip it down
against the shook, grasp the top of the
shock and tip It back with its load.
FIO. 2 HUSKING BENCH.
Fig. 2 shows another form of husk
ing bench. It is made by using two small
benches connected by two pieces of wood
two by three inches and ten or twelve feet
long, with cross boards for seats. The
shock is thrown on the bench between the
hnskers. When enough stalks are husked
for a bundle, they are bound, without the
husker leaving his seat, and thrown to one
side. The seats have cleats on the lower
eide to prevent dropping. They are most
convenient when about twenty-seven
Inches high. By the use of this bench,
either in field or under shelter, we find
that a man will husk one-fourth more
than in the ordinary way.
Growing Lettuce in Cold Weather.
There are four ways of growing lettuce
for market in cold weather in the green
house, where steam or hot water is used;
by steam heat under dirt in beds; by
team or water over the lettuce beds, and
in the old way by manure heat. This
last and easiest way is described by a cor
respondent of American Garden. He
uses one cord (128 cubic feet) of manure,
to fill under eight or teu sashes; one foot
in depth of manure in this latitude, un
der eight inches of dirt with six inches of
Bpace between gloss and soil is about
right. The sides of the beds on which
the glass rests should be cf two inch
plank well nailed to posts or joists made
tight to keep out cold, well protected on
the outside with soil. If sunk almost to
the level of the ground, frost is kept out
better. The beds need to be sheltered by
buildings or a high fence. Sash should
be 3x6 feet and two inches thick, made
from pine and have two coats of white
paint. Glaze with 6x8 glass, double
thick, bedded, tacked and puttied on the
outside with oil and whiting putty.
The correspondent referred to uses solid
shutters of pine boards to cover sash with
iu place of mats and likes them better.
For heating, horse manure is employed.
The plants for setting he obtains by sow
ing a small bed iu December. One ounce
of seed under two sashes gives plants
enough for thirty sashes or more. The
plants in time of setting should have four
to six leaves and be set six to eight inches
Wanning "(Vater for Stock.
The practice of warming water for
Btock, especially milch cows and animals
being fattened, is
year in sections
where the winters
are long and cold.
An Iowa advocate
water for stock
describes a plan
which he has
found both cheap
and easy. The cut
'nEATER FOR WARMING
heater used by the
Iowa advocate, and said to do the work
effectively, at the minimum cost of con
struction and running. It is made of
galvanized iron. A is a cylinder twenty
inches in diameter and eight inches high,
provided with a four inch smoke pipe (the
longer one as shown in the cut) C, made
long enough to carry off the smoke, and
feeding pipe, B, eight inches in diame
ter, and high enough to come just above
the edge of the water tank, in which it is
to be set. This must be soldered abso
lutely water tight, and can be made by
any tinner at a cost of from $2 to $2.30.
A cover must be made to fit over pipe B,
but supplied with a small hole, for slight
Next take a kerosene or other strong
cask of equal size, and saw off one end,
making a tub ten inches deep, inside
measure. Set this tub in your water
tank, put the heater in the tub and secure
the latter by a movable cross piece, which
must press firmly on the tub's edge and
be held in place by projections on the in
ner Bide of the tank. Now fill the tank,
tub and all, full of water, the heater be
ing totally submerged, which must always
bo kept so while there is a fire in it. Put
some live coals in the heater, drop in some
kindling, and then some short, hard bits
of wood or soft coal; after the fire gets
well started put the cover on pipe, B, and
the fire will burn slowly, but will heat
very rapidly, for the reason that not a
particle of heat is radiated except through
Sweet Pickle for Hams.
The principal point is to get the hams
just salt enough to keep and not so salt
as to injure the flavor and cause the meat
to become hard.
A real nicely cured ham from a young
hog is one of the luxuries of the table.
Make a brine just strong enough to float
an egg, stir in sugar or N. O. molasses
enough to give it a slight sweetish taste,
with two ounces of saltpetre dissolved in
every six gallons of the pickle; stir, and
skim off nil Impurities before using, and
keep the hams weighted down and covered
with pickle for from four to seven weeks,
depending on their size and the weather;
if exposed to a freezing temperature,
more time will bo rcq''ed; and small
and large hams should c. pickled separ
ately, otherwise the small ones will bo too
salt. Smoke with .hickory wood or cobs.
Silage Wlthowt s SUo.
Minnesota Farmer tells about silage
without a silo. About the end of Octo
ber corn, unhuaked, and oat straw were
cut with a feed cutter fine, half an inch
and less, and piled into a hay mow with
out pressure or weight or exclusion of air,
beyond such pressure as was furnished by
a man's own weight. The mass heated,
and after a while the top for a depth of
three or four inches molded a little. This
food has been fed to milk; cows for tome
um - -
time now, and with no other rations than
a little ground oats. The animals are re
ported to thrive on it and give more milk
' since so fed than before.
Protecting Trees Aglst Rahhlta,
A method for protecting trees against
rabbits and ground mice, practiced by Mis
souri farmers and indorsed by the Mis
souri State Horticultural society, consists
in covering tho trunk of the tree around
with wire cloth. If this be inserted an
inch or two into the ground, it is claimed
that it proves an equal protection to
ground mice, which often girdle trees at
and below the surface during the winter.
In the Vegetable Garden.
Cabbage, Irish and sweet potatoes do
beat on a coarse, sandy loam, the latter,
however, attaining size at the expense of
quality. Watermelons, cantaloups and
sweet potatoes grown for fine quality
flourish best ou a loam of about 60 per
cent of very fine sand and 40 per cent, of
Plant cantalenps early, five feet apart
each way. Make the first planting on
one side of the hill; a week later plant the
other side, and when well up thin to
three of the best plants in the hill. For
watermelons furrow eight feet apart each
way, and proceed in all respects as above,
and cultivate until the vines meet. Sifted
coal ashes gives tho best satisfaction in
preventing tho attacks of the melon bug.
In arranging dates for planting vegeta
bles for a succession, it should be noted
as the season advances and becomes
warmer that peas, and in fact all kinds of
vegetables, grow faster and overtake one
another. The date for planting the dif
ferent sorts does not lead to correspond
ing intervals iu gathering the crops. For
instance, though live days' difference in
date of planting peas in April will make
about as many days' difference in the
time of harvesting in June, yet five days
difference in planting in May will make
hardly auy visible differenco in ripening
Swnshlne for Bees.
Numbered with other queries of gen
eral interest sent out among leading
apiarians all over tho country, by the edi
tor of The American Bee Journal, was
"In wintering bees outdoors, would it
be better to have the apiary on the south
side of a hill facing south, where the hives
get plenty of sunshine; or on the north
side of a hill facing north, and no sun
shine, as some have contended?"
In the twenty-one replies received all,
excepting one, favored the southern slope
and the sunshine. J. P. H. Brown said:
"I prefer the apiary on the north side of a
hill in a warm climate, and on the sonth
hide in a cold climate." G. W. Damaree
replied: "I would prefer a southeastern
slope to any apiary ground. But I have
had my apiary on four sites in the past,
differing widely from each other, and I
have really seen but little difference as to
the results." The editor of The Bee
Journal concludes the replies with the
following advice: "In tho northern lati
tude, place the bees on the south side of
the hill. In the south tome prefer the
hives to face the north, bntall desire them
to have as much sunshine as possible."
Live Stock of the Country.
A recent report of the department of
agriculture shows an increase in horses,
mules and cattle, with a decrease in sheep
and swine. The largest rate of increase is
in horses, amounting to 5 per cent. The
incraise in cattle is nearly 2 1-2 per cent,
comparing closely with the advance in
population. The total of cattle shows an
aggregate upward of 49,000,000, or 82
per 100 of population. In sheep the de
cline appears to v& between 2 and '& per
cent., the aggregate of flocks being about
4:,.'500,000. Swine have declined in num
bers less thanl per cent, leaving the total
upward of 44,000,000. The aggregate
vidue of all farm animals is $8,000,000
more than a year ago, the total for cattle
being smaller by about $64,000,000. The
horses represent a total valuation of $946,
000,000, the mules upward of $7."i,000,
000, cattle $978,000,000, swine $221,000,
000 and sheep $89,000,000, a grand aggre
gate of $2,309,000,000.
Safe Device for Handling a Bull.
A farmer in Rural New Yorker gave
recently an illustrated description of a de-
vico for holding
bulls that has
fJ'rfrSZS proven con-
r sO,? venlent, durable
and Bafe. It is
simple and any
make one. Put
it ou and let it re
main on as long
as the bull is be
ing handled. It
is not in the way
of anything or at
at any time. It
DEVICE FOR HOLDINO A ? "dth
BL "" a rope or staff and
bitch in the nose ring or above as you see
fit This farmer had a heavy, stout har
ness snap put on the end of the chain to
hitch in the rinz in the nose, and another
snap to hitch the ring half way between
me nornB. fit a ring on toe horns under
tho nubs. If any bull is too harsh for com
mon brass nubs and tears them off, have
a blacksmith make a heavy Iron nub with
a heavy thread that will stand tho racket.
A postal card directed to "Experimental
Station, New Haven, Conn.," requesting
the bulletins of that institution, and giv
ing the writer's name and address, will
bring these documents as fast aa issued
and free of charge to any person in any
ate of the Union.
A Famous Doctor
Once naid that the secret of good health
consisted in keeping the head cool, the
feet warm, and the bowels oen. Had
thin eminent physician lived in our day,
and known the merits of Ayer's Pills
as an aperient, he would certainly have
recommended them, as so many of his
distinguished successors are doing.
The celebrated Dr. Farnsworth, of
Norwich, Conn., recommends Ayer's
Pills as the best of all remedies for
" Intermittent Fevers."
Dr. I. E. Fowler, of Bridgeport,
Conn., says: "Ayer's Pills are highly
and universally spoken of by the people
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Dr. Mayhew, of New Bedford, Mass.,
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A Surplus Fund of - $20,000,
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A. ANDERSON, Pres't
J. H. GALLEY. Vie Pres't
JOHN J. SDLL1
F. J. Bcsxa. M. D.
Bra. XA&TYB 8CHTJ0,
U. 8. Examining Surgeons.
Local Surgeons, Union Pacific, O., N. ft
Consultation in German and sgii Tele
phones at office and residences.
-Office en Olive street, next to Brodfasfc
rer's Jewelry Store.
TTAMILTOl EADE,H. IK,
PHYSICIAN AXD SUROSOy,
Platte Center. Nebraska. B-y
ATTORNEY NOTARY PUBLIC.
Office op-stairs in Henry's building, eorssr of
Olive and 11th Htreets. auglQ-87y
LAW AND COLLECTION OFFICE.
Upstairs Krnht building, llth street.
OUIJlVAi k HEEDER,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Office over First National Bank. Colombo.
. EVANM, M. .,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON.
COffico and rooms, filuck building, lltb
street. Telephone communication. 4-y
ATTORNEY r NOTARY PUBLIC.
, ST'OHice over First National Bank. Coluta
aSf-Partii desiring surveying done can ad.
dress me at Columbus, Neb., or call at my ottoe
in C ourt House. 5mayMJ-y
T J. t'KAnEK,
CO. SUP'T. PUBLIC SCHOOLS.
I will lie in my office in the Court House, the
third Saturday of each month for the examina
tion of applicants for teachers' certificate, and
for the transaction of other school business.
DRAY and EXPRESSMEN.
Light ami heavy hauling. Goods handled
wi-th ca". Headquarters at J. P. Becker 4 Co.a
office. Telephone, 33 and 34. SOmarOTy
DR. J. 4J11AN. WILLY,
PHYSICIAN and SURGEON,
EYEDI8EASES A SPECIALTY.
Eleventh Street. Office No. 46: Residence UtaJSt.
JOHN G. HIGGIN8.
C. J. GABLOW.
HIGGIffS & GABLOW,
Specialty made of Collections by C J. Garlow.
Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware !
Job-Work, Booflns; and Gutter
ing a Specialty.
EVShop on OliTe street, 2 doors north ef
Brodfaehrer's Jewelry Store. X24t
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