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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (April 4, 1888)
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COLUMBUS, NEB., WEDNESDAY, APKIL 4, 1888.
WHOLE NO. 934.
VOL. xvin .-NO. 50.
LEANDF.R GKRRAHI). IWi.
GEO. W. HU1ST. Viri. I'.Wu
JULIUS A. UKKD.
R. II. HKNRY.
J. E. TASKKil, Caahii-r.
ltaak of Iepoili, IHncoubI
CellectioBH l'remptly Made oa
Pay lBtcrrtil a Time Iepon
C H. SHELDON. PiWL
W. A. JloVLLISTER. Vice Pre'.
ROBERT U HL1G. C.iMiier,
DANIEL SCIIRAM. A-'t (ili.
J. P. BECKER. II. '. IL OEHLRICH.
JONAS WELCH. CARL RKINKE.
II. M. WINSLOW.
Thin Hunk tranu-ti n n-nular Ruukiiu Biii
dcm, will allow interest on time (Htonitp, make
collections. Imv or ell exchang" United
States and Lumpe, ami bu anil '11 available
We shall bo pleaded to lrtcivc .uir buxine-ti.
We bolicit jour patronatte. We Kuarantee satis
faction in all Dr.Mtiotm intru-ted in mir enre.
WESTERN COTTAGE ORGAN
Or 3. W. KIKLKK,
jyTheiw. orann are firel-claw in -er iar
ticular, and guaranteed.
SCHIFFROTH & PLITH,
Buckeye Mower, combined, Self
Binder, wire or twine.
Pimps Repaired on short notice
SST-One door w(t of HeintzV Dihb Store, 11th
street, Columbus. Neb. i;nos-tf
COFFINS AND METALLIC CASES
AND DEALEK IN
Parol tare, Chairs, Bedsteads, Bu
reaus, Tables, Safes. Lounges,
Ac, Picture Frames and
XSTRepairing of all kinds of Uphol
fUf COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA.
C.TNU and Trade Mark6 obtained, and all Pat
ent business conduct el for MODERATE FEES.
OUR OFFICE IS OPPOSITE U. S. PATENT
OFFICE. We have m k nl-acenci(, aU business
direct, hence w ran traw-aet latent business in
lest time and at LESS COST than those remote
from Washington. ..-..,-
Bead model, drawing, or photo, with description-
We advise if patentable or not, free of
chare. Our fee not due till r stent js secured.
A. book. "How to Obtain Patents." -with refer
ences to actual clients in your btate, county or
towa.s.ntfrea. jJ3roW CO.
Opposite Patent Olnce, Washington, D. C.
60ME OF THE MEN UPON WHOM
THE HONOR MAY FALL.
All Good Men and True Which Will It
lie? Harrison, Allison, Blaine, Hawley,
Sherman, Ucppir, Gresliam, Lincoln,
Sliaritlen, UNcook, Koniker or Kvarto.
All the talk at present is of the possi
bilities of the coming Republican national
convention to le held at Chicago. Who will
be the nominee is the great question.
Kvety t:ite, every newspaper ami every
intelligent oter has a choice. With its
learilf of men fitted for the high position
of president the nominee of the Demo
cratic party is, and lias been for a long
time, a foregone conclusion. But it is the
ry wealth of the Republican party in
material that makes the choice of the
uelepate uncertain. From present appearance-?
nearly all the states will send
uuinstructeil delegations. Two subjects of
the Willow ing sketches have already eru
phittiealSy declined to be considered as
Joseph IL Hawley, of Connecticut,
junior .-eiritor from tliat state, was born
at Stewarts iMe, Richmond county, X. C,
iKt. :J1, IK-JO- graduated from Hamilton
York. IS IT. ad-miii.-il
to the bar
at Hartford lb-10,
wh.-re he has since
resided. He prnc
ticiil law six years
and tiien entered
jouniali-in as ed
itor of The Hart
ford K v e n i n g
Pre?, which ill
ISliT was eonoli fs&
dated with The
rant, of which he
is still the con
Enlisted in the Union army n a lieuten
ant in IH'51. became brigadier and brevet
major general and was mustered out in
IHOii; elected governor .same year; was
president f the Republicui national con
vention in ISliS: elected tocongre in 1872
and re-elected ntexpiraticn of term: elected
senator in 1-Sl and re-elected in 18S7.
Henjainin Harrison, of Indiana, is
grand-on of the famous William Henry
Harrison. Horn at Xorth Bend, 0., Aug.
20, IS:1.:!, studied
.e5ai. law m Cincinnati.
and in 18.11 re
moved to Indian
apolis, which has
since been his
home; elected re
purtei of the Ml
preme court iu
1800; enlisted as
kfsxat "s2?s vyi
I in !S(i2, and, after
a short s-ervice,
organ iel a com
pany of the Sev
regiment and was
nrx.l VMIN IIAKIIIMIN.
the war, and
general. Appointed oy President Hayes
on ?li iiiii river commission in 1878.
Elected United States senator in 18S0.
Robert Todd Lincoln, of Illinois, the
son of Abraham Lincoln. we born in
Pp-inu'field, 111... Aug. 1, 184:5. Craduated
ironi Harvard college in 18C4; commis
sioned captain by Gen. Grant same year
and served with honor to the close of the
war; then resumed study of law and was
admitted to the bar in Illinois; declined
many offers of public position and honor
until election of
field, entering his
cabinet as secre
tary of war. Mr.
Lincoln was the
only member of
the Garfield cabi
net retained by
was widely dis
cussed as a pre-i
in lbo, but posi
tively refused to
compete for the
KOKI.KT T. LINCOLN.
honor with his friend and chief, Chester
A. Arthur, who was an a-pirant; re
turned to his law practice in Chicago.
William B. Allison, of Iowa, was born at
Perry, O., in March, 1S2!); educated at
the estern Ke
Ohio; admitted to
the bar and prac
i iced in the state
until 18o7, when
he moved to Iowa,
.seried on gov
ernor's staff and
aided in organiz
ing Iowa volun
teers; elected tc
congress and re
elected to the
ed to the United
and re elected in
Suites senate in 1873.
1S75 and 1882.
John Sherman, of Ohio, was born at
Lanca-ter. M a y
10, 182U; academ
ic education; ad
mitted to bar in
1844. Delegate to
1S48 and 1S."2:
presided over the
Ohio in 18-".
Elected to Thirty
and re-elected to
the three follow
ing congresses. Elected to United States
senate 1(51: re-elected in 1SCG and 1872.
Appointed secretary of the treasury in
1877; president of senate from Dec. 7,
18S.". to Feb. 2G. ltS7; re-elected to senate
in 18S0. and asrain in 1S80.
James Gillespie Blaine, of Maine, was
born in West Brownsville. Washington
county. Pa.. Jan. SI, 18S0.
After a care-
ful training by
private tutors he
ton college, in his
and graduated in
1847. Settled at
Augusta, Me., in
18."4. and became
editor of The
nal. Was one of
the founders of
party and dele
J G. BLAINE.
gate to the first Republican national con
vention. Elected to state legislature iu
185S, and re-elected three times; served
as speaker last two years; was also chair
man of the state committee. Elected to
congress in 18G2, in which he served his
constituency eighteen years. He was the
leading man for the presidential nomina
tion in 187G, but a dark horse appeared in
the person of Rutherford B. Hayes, who
secured the nomination. In 18S0 he was sec
ond to Grant, and, as the friends of neither
would surrender, the nomination finally
fell to James G. Garfield; who, upon elec
tion, appointed Mr. Blaine secretary of
state. In 1SS4 he was nominated on the
fourth ballot, and the history of the cam
paign and Mr. Blaine's movements since
are too well known to need .recital.
"Frank Hiscock, of Xew York, was born
jn Pompey,. Sept. 6, 1834; received an
'WJ rr. ?v j iWBIEr. Sg
-i g a?&?
e c.Ti :.. muitr b.-
rlT-fc' ef-',-,2C K947Vo"
i kb '. ' i
' rmi' , I 'J!
; a r i
w. it. .
ad mitt ea to bar In
18-m, and com
menced to prac
tice at Tully, On
ondaga con nty;
elected district at
torney $f that
county in 18G0 and
years; was rfraem
her of the state
1867; elected to
congress and re
elected to the five
succeeding congresses; elected to the
United Srates senate to succeed Warner
Miller, and took his seat March 4. 1887.
Walter Quinton Gresham, of Indiana,
was born near Lanesville, Harrison
county, March 17, 1832. Educated in
Studied law and
was admitted to
the bar in 1853.
Elected to state
18G0, but resigned
in 1861, to become
of the Thirty
badly wounded at
Atlanta, and dis
abled for a year.
of law at New Al-
w. o, ckksham. bany Appointed
United States judge for the district of
Indiana by President Grant in 186'J; was
piMmustei- general in President Arthur's
rabinet, and, on the death of Secretary
Fok'er. was transferred to the treasury
portfolio. Appointed same year United
States judge for the Seventh judicial cir
cuit, which position he still holds.
Cliauncey Mitchell Pepew, of Xew
York, was "born at Peekskill, X. Y., April
25, l.sii. Graduated at Yale in 1856; ad
mitted to bar in
1800: elected to
in 1801 and
served two terms,
the second term
being chairman of
ways and means
committee for a
part of the term
and the remainder
he occupied the
state tor Lincoln
iu 1800 and has
been active i n
struggle since, although he never gave
evidence of any personal ambition for
office: elected secretary of state in 186S;
was appointed counsel for the Xew York
and Harlem railroad iu 18GG, and on its
consolidation with the Xew York Central
became general counsel. He is now presi
dent of the Xew York Central railroad.
Joseph Benson Foraker, of Ohio, was
born near Rainsborough.IIighland county,
O., July 5. 184(i;
spent his boyhood
on a fnrm, and at
16 enlisted in the
served in the
Army of the Cnm
berland until the
close of the war;
Aug. 26. 1862;
March 14, 1864,
a n d brevetted
captain March 19,
services during the campaigns in Xorti
Carolina and Georgia." After the wnr
he spent two years at the Wesleyan uni
versity, at Delaware, O., and then went
to Cornell, where he graduated in 1869;
admitted to bar same year, and served us
judge of the Cincinnati superior court
from 1S79 to 1882, resigning on account of
poor health; elected governor in 1885 and
again in 1887.
Philip Henry Sheridan, of Ohio, was
born at Somerset, Perry county, March
15, 1831. Graduated from United States
Military academy at West Point and as
signed to the First infantry as brevet
second lieutenant, July 1, 1853; ordered
to Texas and thence transferred to the
Pacific coast in 1855; recalled in 1861 and
assigned to tne
army of south
as chief quarter
master, May 25,
colonel of the
later, iu same
the army of Ohio.
After some nota
P. II. SHERIDAN.
ble service was
commissioned major general. Appointed
by Grant in 1S04 chief of cavalry of the
Army of the Potomac; Sept. 20,-1864, ap
pointed brigadier general in the regular
army, and Xov. 8, same year, was com
missioned major general, regular army;
March 4, 1809, promoted to lieutenant
general. He assumed command on the
retirement of Gen. Sherman, Xov. 1, 1883.
William Maxwell Evarts, of Xew York,
was born In Boston, Feb. 6, 1818: gradu
ated at Yale, 1839;
was one of the
fouuders of The
ted to the bar in
Xew York in 1841;
attorney of Xew
York from 1849 to
1853; was counsel
for the state in a
number of great
man of Xew York
irieipc-Atmii in Re
1860; was advo
W. M. EVARTS.
cate for the Republican party be
fore the electoral commission of I877j
-eeretary of state during the Hayes ad
ministration: represented United States
in international monetary conference of
1881: took a seat in the United States sen
ate in 1885.
Not hi nc Cut and Dried.
The situation now insures one of the
most interesting conventions in the his
tory of the party. There will be nothing
cut and dried about it There will be few
"instructions," and no need of con
troversy over the "unit rule." And the
best man will win. St. Paul Pioneer
Just to Be Consistent, Tea
David A. Wells and Parses Moore, who
pose as exemplary free traders, both favor
the duty on sugar, and both have written
iu favor of its retention. If the tariff
creates trusts, why are not these gentle
men in favor of the abolition of the duty
on sugar? Xew York Press.
A Crawea Opiates.
Talk to almost any man of intelligence,
and you will find that his confidence that
Mr. Cleveland would be his own suc
cessor has given place to fixed'-conviction
that the RepabUcaa party, by har
monious action, will sweep the counter
again this year. St Paul Pioneer Prtsf.
:3--i?r vr are.'., -h
S A V"Ks
fN I TF '
ife Saved Gen. Sheridan's Life. i
I. X. 'A'ade, of Jamestown, D T., the
own-rof a fine stock ranch a few miles
ur, was one of the youngest .soldiers in
th' service, and once had the good for
tune to save the life of Gen. Sheridan.
Wade, had dismounted on a march and
gone down to a deep spring off the road
to fill his canteen. While bending over
the spring he heard some one call to him.
Looking up he saw an officer on horse
back, who v:is beckoning to him and tell
ing him to come there. Wade didn't rel
ish being ordered alxmt so peremptorily,
and proceeded to fill his canteen, when
the officer, noticing the delay, called
again, saying: "Come here. I am Gen.
Sheridan, and I am very sick. I want
you to help mo right away."
Wade didn't need anymore, bnt5tarted
to the general on a run. Sheridan had by
this time dismounted and lain down on
on the ground. He told tho young soldier
that he was poisoned, and bade him
mount his horse and ride back for a
surgeon as fast as he could, and hurry his
staff up, who must be clost? behind him.
Wade mounted and went flying down the
road. He knew where his own regi-T
mental headquarters were, and he rode
directly to the surgeon, and telliug him
where to go to find Sheridan he set out in
search of the staff. He found a numter
of them and conducted them hurriedly to
the spot where Sheridan was lying. The
surgeon had just arrived, aiid by this time
Sheridan was unconscious. By the use f
restoratives and antidotes he was brought
to, and was soon able to mount his horse
and ride into camp. It was a narrow es
cape, however. I have forgotten what oc
casioned the poisoning, but it came aliout
accidentally from eating something, and
was not the result of design on the part of
any one. St. Paul Pioneer Press.
It Is tluman N-jtmo.
"I'd like to know," he began as he
entered police headquarters, "if we have
a police force?"
"We have," replied the sergeant.
"Then I want it to protect me! I am a
"You shall be protected, sir. What is
"Why, I got some paint tin my overcoat
last night and my wife sponged it off with
benzine and left it out doors to air. It's
gone! Yes, sir, gone!"
"Well, we'll try and find it for you."
The wrathy man had scarcely departed
when a second stranger entered and de
manded to know;
"Have we police or have we not"
"We have," replied the sergeant.
"Well, here's an overcoat I found in
my yard this morning, where some bur
glar had probably left it. Just smell the
chloroform, will you:-"
A messenger was sent to overtake thn
first man, and he returned and identified
the coat, which hail blown over the fence.
"Yes, sir, it's mine," he said, as he
started off, "and I hope the police will lie
more vigilant In future."
"And it was in my yard, sir." said
number two, as he went out, "and if any
more burglars come around you police
will hear from me." Detroit Free Press.
Can They Answer These?
A reader of The Boston Journal pro
pouuds'a few conundrums in that paper,
over which the free trade apostles can
tpend a few pleasant evenings iu prepar
ing satisfactory answers. Among them
Why is it that if free trade is so good
for England, that she wishes to have all
other countries free traders, that every
English colony has a protective tariff?
Why is it that if free trade is a benefit
to farmers, and protection an injury, that
the farmers of England are, as English
papers state, "on the very brink of ruin,"
and farmers in the United States growing
richer and more prosperous every year
Why is it that workingmen in the
United States are earning the largest
"purchasing wages" ever earned under
any government during the history of the
world; and from the largest manufactur
ing centers of England almost every mail
brings news of riots for bread by the
starving mechanics of those places not
for more wages, but for enough to keep
from absolute starvation?
Why is it that thousands upon thou
sands of her best mechanics have left free
trade England for protected United States
in the last few decades, if free trade is
better for the workman than protection?
Who buys the most clothes, who has
the best food, who lives in the pleasantest
homes, who has the largest savings bank
deposits, who gets tho bst average edu
cation, who has the best opportunities for
advancement in any direction, who has
the best opportunity to own their own
homes the protected workingman in the
United States or the unprotected work
ingman in freo trade England?
Cold Facts and Figures.
"For the benefit of those who are car
ried away by the delusion that the cost of
living is higher and the purchasing power
of wages is less than formerly, a few
figures ought to serve to dispel such de
lusion. From reliable published tables of
prices in the Boston market for forty
years, under different classes of tariff,
from 1795 to 1834, the average wholesale
price of flour was 8.51; corn, 86a; Xo. 1
beef, $10.22; pork, $17; fish, $3 75 per
cwt.. coffee, 22c.; tea, $1.16; sugar.
12 7 8c; molasses, 44 3-4c. Adding ten
years to the same period, the average for
Hour was $8.14. In Xew York, in
thirteen years, 1828-40, the average
was: Flour, $6.40; beef, $7.20; pork,
$12. It should be considered that
the average of prices in Xew York were
formerly much lower than in Boston,
differing materially from the comparative
prices of the present day. At Albany
once a great wheat market, the average
for sixty years, 1793 to 1834, was $1.28:
for the thirty years to 1854, $1.25. Any
buyer of the above named articles need
only refer to present prices to see that he
is only paying about 60 per cent of the
former wholesale price, and possibly not
more than half the retail price. The
nearest, approach to equality are the prices
of molasses and coffee, the one taxed and
the other free, while sugar, so oppres
sively taxed, sells, for the better grades, at
about half the former price of the most
common qualities." Extract from letters
of It. J. Attwell, of Cambridgeport, iu
Xew York Press.
Every Voter Should Read Thesm.
The American Protective Tariff League
1m publishing an interesting list of tariff
literature, and will be glad to furnish the
following pamphlets to any one who will
send ten cents for postage for the entire
list, or a two cent stamp for any single
document. Recent issues include:
"The Farmer and the Tariff." Col.
Thomas H. Dudley.
"The Wool Interest." Judge William
"Workingmen and the Tariff."
"Reply to the President's Free Trade
Message." R. P. Porter.
"Some Views on the Tariff by an Old
Business Man." Geonre Draper.
"Tariff Talks to Workingmen." Isaac
"Fallacies of Free Trade." E. P.
"Which is Best for the Farmer Pro
tection or Free Trade?" Thomas H.
"Wages, LiTing and Tariff." E. A.
"Protection." Address by E. H. Am
midown. Where the Serplas Weald Go.
DesMcrats want to reduce the surplus
by reducing home manufactures. This
will do it. This will stndour surolgsto
toreign countries to pay tor imported
goods and to pay foreign labor. Wh.it
do demagogues mean by declaring in
favor of taking the wages now being paid
to American workingmen to pay foreign
labor with And yet this is precisely
what they are advocating. The surplus
"will go," bnt it will go to enrich the
foreigu manufacturer and pay his work
ingmen, if we have anything like free
trade in this country- Detroit Tribune.
Free Trade Twaddle.
This is the kind of twaddle with which
free trade newspapers are in the habit of
seeking to delude simple minded readers.
The Philadelphia Record is responsible
When a sewing woman slips on her thimble
(taxed 35 per cent.) and threads her needle (taxed
25 per cent.) with thread (taxed S3 per cent.), and
snips it off with scissors (taxed 35 per cent.), and
sews a button (taxed 25 per cent.) on her hus
band's winter flannel shirt (taxed 68 per cent.), she
is quite unconscious in her effort to get ou in the
world how the bkissed tariff bears down upon
her. Probably not one woman In tho land over
thinks of it. But it Is high time she should think
of it, and make her husband, who Is clothe with
th right to vote, to act upon it. High taxation
is the blight of labor.
The truth is that every one of these
articltpau be bought in the Unitexl
States today for less money than the same
would cost If the supply were dependent
upon foreign importation under a free
trade system. Troy Times.
Hie Result Foretold.
The tariff on pig iron is $6.76 per ton.
Take this tariff off and our furnaces will
either be compelled to shut down or re
duce wages to the European standard.
The cost of production of a ton of pig Iron
in Great Britain is $7.45, while the cost
in this country during the past eighteen
mouths has been about $18. Taking into
consideration the low cost of manufacture
in England, tho low ocean freights, it is
easily to be seen that by the removal of
the tariff on pig iron, England would soon
drive our manufacturers out of the busi
ness. Why, pray tell us, should the
United States do so foolish a thing as re
peal the iron duty and ruin the pig iron
industry? Are the English manufacturers
worthy of more of our care and considera
tion than our American manufacturers?
Why take the bread out of the mouths of
American workmen and their families to
help the English iron manufacturers?
In a Congressman's I'ocket.
Representative Joe Cannon, of Illinois,
rides down from the Capitol every day m
the street cars, and it is a rule of the
Washington ear lines that chance need
never be given for a bill of a larger de
nomination than $2. The other day the
conductor called for Joe Cannon's fare
and he handed him a $5 bill. The rule
was pointed out, and for a moment it
seemed as though Mr. Cannon might have
to leave the car. He went through his
pockets with nervous haste, nnd it was
curious to see what he brought out of
them. From his right pantaloons pocket
he drew out a handful of buttons, a knife
with a broken handle, a piece of shoe
string, a wooden tooth pick and a police
man's whistle, and his other pockets
brought forth similar trinkets which arc
usually owned by a boy of 10. At each
new exploration he expected to find a
nickel, but the result of his investigation
was only two cents. Hereupon he dis
played such distress that the conductor
kindly changed his bill against the rules,
and he rode on in comfort to Willard's
hotel. Frank G. Carpenter's Washington
"Gath" and Gen. Sherman.
George Alfred Townsend recently called
ou Gen. Sherman at the Fifth Avenue
hotel, this city, and in the course of his
call remarked: "General, the Republicans
ought to nouiinate you for president next
time." "There are two parties to that
proposition," said Sherman, "and Sher
man is one of them. I am having a very
good time, and in order to live out my
days I do not want to have them disturbed
by any ambition or career. I am now
older than Gen. Washington was when he
died; older than Gen. Jackson was when
he was president, I think, and older than
Gen. Harrison was when he was elected
president and lived but a month. Xew
Buncombe Won't Win This Time.
Xeither a free trade president nor a free
trade congress can pnll fiee trade wool
over the eyes of American farmers and
wool growers. They aro men who read
and think for themselves. Democrats are
thicker in the alleys and saloons of tho
great cities than they arc between the
handles of the plow and in the workshops.
That is fully illustrated in Xew York city,
where the voice of the slums silences the
voice of the great state. Chicago Inter
noser's Cheerful Anticipation.
Mr. Roger Q. Mills we insist on the
Q says he believes the Democrat! will
make gains in Pennsylvania, Xew Jersey
and the northwest. This is very vague,
indeed, and shows that Mr. Roger Q.
Mills' belief is of the nature of a sponge,
which contracts or expands according to
the amount of moisture there is in the
air. Atlanta Constitution.
What the Nominee Most Be.
The candidate to be chosen next Jnne
will be a Republican in all that the term
implies one identified with its history
and struggles, one who kept the faith in
1884, and who has not abated a jot or
tittle of his Republicanism or his man
hood at any time or for any purpose.
If Public Printer Benedict keeps on
melting up the plates of valuable govern
ment publications, and in binding the il
lustrations of one book with the pages of
another, he will soon produce a variegated
and picturesque confusion in the con
gressional printing office. Xew York
Mail and Express.
fcdmunds Hit 'Em Hard.
One of the solidest arguments in sup
port of the protective tariff is that of
United States Senator George F. Ed
munds, published in Harper's Monthly
for February. The Vermont statesman
deals in cold logic, and it will be impossi
ble for free trade doctrinaires to refute
the strong points he makes. Chicago
Placed Where It rh-longs.
The attack on the principle of protection
embodied iu the existing tariff is not an
attack on monopolies, as the Democrats so
constantly represent, but it is an attack on
the laboring manses. Sac Francisco Bul
letin. Tw Ejt-s for Oue In This Ca.
Mr. Thoelie has gone back to his shop,
but for every blow struck by Speaker Car
lisle at the industrial life of the nation he
promises to strike two at the- political life
of Mr. Carlisle. Ogdensbuig Journal.
Syrap of Flgn
Is Nature's own true laxative. It is the
most easily taken, and the most effective
remedy known to Cleanse the System
when Bilious or Costive; to dispel Head
aohes, Colds and Fevers; to cure Habit
ual Constipation, Indigestion, Piles, etc.
Manufactured only by the California Fig
Syrup Company, San Francisco, Cal. For
sal only by Dowty & Becher. 27-y
FARM AND GARDEN.
A CONVENIENT AND SAFE DEVICE
FOR HOLDING A BULL.
i Southern Exposure and Sunshine for Bees.
Uve Stock Statistics The Market Gar
dener's Badlsh All About Hotbeds.
Safe Device for Handllaa; a Bull.
la this progressive age most farmers
grow some of their plants under glass,
and iu this manuer keep apace with the
regular market gardener. The con-
j struct ion and management of hotbeds is a
comparatively simple matter after one has
had some practical experience in this di
rection. Manure lieds are ,the sort of ten
est used, and horse droppings is tho pre
There are two methods in use now by
gardeners in forming the manure bed,
some digging a pit and sinking the
manure into it, and others building the
manure up into a square bed and setting
the frame on it. The first method re
quires the most labor and the second the
most manure, hence in making a choico
of methods one must let labor versus
manure decide the matter. The first plan
isjthe one most generally employed, and
thereforo is familiar, having been often
explained. The cut here given shows a
perspective view of abed constructed on
the manure without a pit, and descrilied
by Isaac F. Tillinghast, of La Plume, Pa.,
in his "Plant Manual," along with other
instructive matter of general and wide
HOTBED WITHOUT A PIT.
Mr. Tillinghast advises that the spot
selected for the bed be as sheltered as
possible on the north and west by some
building or high board fence. The sash
should slope gently to the south or east
If the manure is fine and contains little
or no long straw it will be necessary to
put a plank frame around it to keep it in
position. After leveling the manure there
ought to be three or four narrow boards
laid across it on which to rest the hotbed
frame, so that after the manure heats all
will settle together evenly. Otherwise
the weight of the frame and sash will
force down into the manure, and the
center of the bed will appear to raise ami i
displace the plants.
When ready to begin operations the
manure ought to be forked over, shaken
mit finely and thrown into a high conical
heap to heat; If dry it should bo watered
until well dampened throughout the heap.
If allowed to stand iu this heap about oue
week it wMl heat and begin to smoke like
a small volcano. A vital point to be ob
served in making a hot bed is to spread
the manure down while hot; it then con
tinues to heat, but if spread down cold it
will heat slowly and unevenly. Early in
the spring, when considerable cold
weather is still anticipated, it is advised
to use a common wagon box full of manure
to each sash, bnt later iu the season, when
forming beds in which to transplant seed
lings, one-half that quantity will suffice
The soil used should be prepared in ad
vance; it must be light, loose and rich.
This Boil should be placed on the manure
to a depth of from four to six inches and
the glasses properly adjusted. The most
common sashes are S by 6 feet. The
frame, therefore, should be made 6 feet
wide and as long as is necessary to accom
modate the number of sashes to be used.
After the soil becomes warm sow the
seed in rows about four inches apart and
scatter them quite thickly in the rows.
Mr. Tillinghast advises against sowing
broadcast, as the labor of keeping free
from weeds is greater. When the seed
lings are about three inches high he trans
plants into rows 3 by 6 inches, and as soon
as these require more space he transplants
again. In transplanting tomato plants it
is advised to get the stem well into the
soil. The object sought is plenty of fibrous
roots on a short, stocky stem. Closely
watch the temperature of the beds, which
ought to be kept as near 65 degs. as pos
sible for tomatoes, peppers, etc. Cabbage
and cauliflower require less heat and
ought not to be placed in the same bed
with tomatoes. Mr. Tillinghast thinks
that better cabbage plants are produced
without bottom heat, and employs for
these a frame fitted the same as for a hot
lied, except that the manure is omitted
for the bottom heat He covers this frame
with sash and sows the seed in February
or early March.
A Good Radish for Market Gardeners.
Among novelties In vegetables cata
logued for the first time is the Philadel
phia white "box" radish, which is illus
trated and described by James Vick in his
Guide for 1888, and shown in the accom
panying cut. The points of superiority
claimed for it are, a short top, rapid
growth, perfect turnip shape, extra lino
quality and showing no disposition to
become pithy with age.
PHILADELPHIA BOX RADISH.
Vick has found it especially adapted for
growing in boxes or frames, heuce its
name, as well as early sowing on squares
or borders in the open crround. Owing to
its thick short leaves, can be sown very
thickly in the row without causing the
leaves to "draw." It has been estimated
that fully one-half more radishes can be
grown in tho same spaco of this sort than
most other varieties, hence its value to
those engaged iu forcing early vegetables
Care of Cows Daring- the Spring and
Summer A IJovelty In Peppers Value
of Safe and Gentle Bones How to
Incorporated in the report of the trans
actions of the Massachusetts Horticul
tural society is an essay by Dr. C. A.
Goessman on "The Rational Fertilization
of Garden Crops and Fruits." Following
are some useful extracts from the same
One ot tne nrst requirements for a
healthy condition and a subsequent suc
cessful propagation of any plant consists
in adopting a well devised system of
fertilization. An indifferent system of
manuring is at the root of -a great many
failures. A system of manuring is rational
when it is based upon the results of -a
V v sT - 2f&3mJ
A, RYK; P., TCUSU; c, beet; d, carrot;
careful examination Into tne composition
of the plant under cultivation and ou a
due consideration of its natural qualifica
tions for availing itself of tho needed
plant food, both from the atmosphere and
the soil. Plants with well developed and
extensive root system may prosper where
those with a compact oue will fail, and
the same statement applies with equal
force to the character of their leaf system.
(See illustrations iu which "a" represents
rye, "b" turnip, "c" sugar beet, "d"
cartot, "e" lucerne and "f" potato.)
To determine with certainty the compo
sition of a plant, especially with reference
to its soil constituents, requires repeated
examinations in different stages of its
growth and when raised upon different
kinds of soil. The good effects of barn
yard manure and wood asto) rest on their
complex character and on their intliienco
over various physical and chemical quali
ties of the soil. Experience proves that
barnyard maunre is most efficient when
used for the reproduction of those crops
which have contributed materially to its
manufacture; and the same proposition
may be maintained with reference to the
manurial value of vegetable compost and
To feed plants rationally implies in
formation of two kinds, a knowledge of
the special wants of the plant as regards
the absolute amounts and relative propor
tions of the various plant foods, and a fa
miliarity with the composition of the dif
ferent kinds of manurial matter at our
It ought to be borne iu mind: 1. All
cultivated plants contain tho sain? ele
mentary constituents, yet no two of them
in the same absolute amounts and rela
tive proportions. 2. These plant constit
uents are furnished in part by the sur
rounding atmo-pliere, in part by the soil
and some in varying proportions by both.
3. The essential plant constituents are not
needed in different plants in the same pro
portions at the various successive stages
of growth, but are wanted at different
stages of growth iu different absolute
amounts and relative proportions. Each
plant has its especial wants at different
stages of its development. Grain crops
require much nitrogen in an available
form during their later period of
growth, when blooming and form
ing seeds: grape vines need a
large amount of potash during the
growing and maturing of the grapes. 4.
The absolute amount of essential mineral
constituents may vary in the same plant
without affecting, as a rule, the general
character of that plant; yet not one of tho
essential elementary mineral constituents
can serve in place of another one to any
marked extent without altering, in many
instances in a serious way, the relative
proportion of the organic constituents of
plants. 5. The particular form in which
we apply various articles of plant food, as
well as the special associations in which
they may lie applied, exerts cmite fre
quently a decided influence, not only on
tho quantity of the crop, but also on its
quality. 6. The natural resources of the
soil in available plant food have proved,
as a rule, ultimately insufficient for a re
munerative management of the farm, the
garden and the orchard.
Care ought to bo exercised to secure
within certain limits a liberal supply of
every essential food constituent of the
plant under cultivation, so as to meet
promptly its periodical wants when called
for. The heavier the crop the larger
should be the return of the constituents
carried off from the soil. Meanwhile we
must bear in mind that success docs not
depend on any exceptionally large amount
of one or the other prominent article of
plaut food, such as phosphonc and, pot
ash or nitrogen, but on a liberal supply of
every essential plant constituent, for of
the essential articles of plant food that
one which is present in the soil in the
most limited proportion controls the ulti
Best Milk Producing Food.
Professor Stewart, authority ou such
matters, says: "Xeither com meal nor
bran is the best milk producing food.
With the best clover hay, corn meal
should be added as a part of the ration
but with corn fodder, straw or poor hay,
good wheat bran should be added instead
of corn meal. Bran will balance poor
fodder better than corn meal. But in
making up the milk ration the feeder
should seek variety in food. Corn meal
and bran together, are better than either
alone. The kinds of food best in a milk
ration depend upon how the foods balance
It is Absurd
For people to expect a cure for Indiges
tion, unless they refrain from eating
what is unwholesome ; but if anything
will Bharpon the appetito and give tone
to the digestive organs, it is AyeFs Sar
saparilla. Thousands all over tho land
testify to the merits of this medicine.
Mrs. Sarah Burroughs, of 243 Eighth
street, South Boston, writes : " My hus
band has taken Ayer's Sarsaparilla, for
Dyspepsia and torpid liver, and has
been greatly benefited."
A Confirmed Dyspeptic.
C. Canterbury, of 141 Franklin st,
Boston, Mans., writes, that, suffering
for years from Indigestion, he was at
last induced to try Ayer's Sarsaparilla
and, by its use, was entirely cured.
Mrs. Joseph Aubin, of High street,
Holyoke, Mass., suffered for over a year
from Dyspepsia, so that she could not
eat substantial food, became very weak,
and was unable to care for her family.
Xeither the medicines prescribed by
physicians, nor any of the remedies
advertised for the cure of Dyspepsia,
helped her, until she commenced the
use of Ayer's Sarsaparilla. "Three
bottles of this medicine," she writes,
" cured me."
Dr. J. C. Ayer & Co., Lowell, Mass.
IWst Hi ssi istUss, as. Worth a bottle.
Authorized Capital of $250,000,
A Surplus Fund of - $20,000,
And the largeat Paid im Cask Capital of
any bank in this part of the State.
jyiX'poaits received and interest paid oa
J3yDraft on the principal cities in this coun
try and Europe bought and sold.
CsTCoUections and all other business givaa
prompt and careful attention.
A. ANDERSON. PWt.
J. H. GALLEY, Vice Ptes't.
G.ANDERSON. P. ANDERSON.
JACOB GREI8EN. HENRY. RAGfZ.
JOHN J. SULLIVAN. W.A.McALU9Tlh.
D. T. Mart, M. D.
F. J. Schco, M. D.
Drs. XAKTTH ft SCHTJG,
U. S. Examining Surgeons,
Local Surgeons, Union Pacific, O.. N. X
H. II. and U. &. M. It R's.
Consultation in German and English. Tele
phones at otlice nnd residences.
jy Offieo on OHto street, next to Brodfash
rer's Jewelry Store.
TIT' A. ncAM.MTER,
ATTORNEY r XOTARY PUBLIC.
Office np-8tairs in Henry's building;, corner of
Olive and 11th streets. an10-87y
LAW AND COLLECTION OFFICE.
Upstairs Ernst building, 11th street
CULI.IVAI 4c KEEDEK,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Office over First National Bank. Columbus.
Q I. EVAN'S, M. !.,
rilYSICUX AXD SUROEOX.
BOffice and rooms. Gluck bnildiag. llth
street. Telephone communication. -y
y 91. MACFAKI,A,
ATTORXEY XOTARY PUBLIC.
. r..ffic over First National Bank. Coluw
-Parties deainni; Biirveying done can ad-'jUT-9
"?,?' t-olunilms. Neb., or call at my office
n Court Hon,. SmayW-y
CO. SUP'T. PUBLIC SCHOOLS.
1 will be in my office in the Court House, the
tliinl Saturday of each month for tho examina
tion or applicants for teachere certificates, and
for the transaction of other itchiwl buain.ss.
DRA Yawl EXPRESSMEN.
LiRht and heavy hanlintr. Goods handled
!" ":-, Headquarter!, at J. P. Becker 4 Co.'s
office. li-lephone.XIandSl. S0mar87y
DR. J. HA. WlhM.Y,
PHYSICIAN mid SURGEON,
EYE DISEASES A SPECIALTY.
... - - leiptinr
Eleventh Street. Office No. W: Itesidence No.87.
('. .1. laitmiv
HIGOINS & 0ABL0W,
Specialty made of Collections by C. J. Garlow
- MANCFACTCHKH OF
Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware !
Job-Work, Eoofine and Gutter
ing a Specialty.
iShop on Olivo street, 2 doors north of
Brodfnehrer'a Jewelry Store. 82-tf
nrrns1 .wonders ex,t m
1 1 L K Uthouttands of forms, but are sur
1 1 1 r 1 JE1"1 bythemurtelsof invention.
' Thou who are in need of profitablu
work that can be done while liing at homo
should at once eend their address to Hallett Jc.
Co., Portland, Maine, and teceive free, full in
formation how either ex, of all ages, can earn
from 43 to 25 per day and upwi.rds wherover
they live. 1 ou are utarted free. Capital not re
quired. Homo have made over $50 in a single
day at this work. All succeed. 87dec28y
Wo will pay the above reward for any case of
liver complaint, dspepsia, sick headache. Indi
gestion, constipation or costiveness we cannot
cure with West's Vegetable Livor Pills, when the
Directions ore strictly complied with. They are
rarely vegetable, and never fail to give fcatisf ac
tion. Large boxes containing SO sugar coated
pills, 25c. For sale by all druggists. Beware of
counterfeits and immitations. The genuine
manufactured only by JOHN C. WEST 4 CO..
62 W. Madison St.. Chicago, 111. dec7'87y
the world during the
last half century.
Sot least amonsr th
wonders of inventive protrress is a method and
system of work that can be performed all otbt
thecountry without separating tho workers from
their homes. Pay liberal; any one can do the
work; either sex. young or old: no special ability
required. Capital not needed; you am started
freo. Cut this out and return to us and we will
eend yon free, something of great value and im
portance to yon, mat wui
start you in business.
wnicn win bring
ich will bring you in more money right away,
n anything else in the world. Grand outfit
e. Address True A Co., Augusta, Me. dec
A book oflQO pages.
, The best book for aa
I tle .m jt, m. ""'nlliT w row
I enced or otherwise.
It contains lists of newspapers and estimates
of the coat of advertising-. The advertiser who
wants to spend one dollar, finds ta It the In
formation he requires, while forhim who will
Invest one hundred thousand dollars la ad
vertising; a scheme la Indicated which will
moot his every requirement, or onssesMae
respondemct. 148 editions have beea Jssaed.
Sent, post-paid, to any address for W eeata.
Write to GEO. P. RQWKLI. A CO.,
NEWSPAPER APYEJtTlinre M7BXAU.
UOSonwaas.rrlaliiouMtfl..), Hew York.
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