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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (March 21, 1888)
VOL. XVHL-NO. 48.
COLUMBUS, NEB., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 21, 1888.
WHOLE NO. 932.
' COLUMBUS, NEB.
LEANDKR OERRAHD. Prest.
GEO. W. HOLBT. Vice PreVt.
JULIUS A. REKI).
K. H. HENRV.
. J. K TASKKK, Cashier.
Rsmlc ef lesett, ilesmi
CUectl Promptly Made
raj latereac Time Wei.
C. H. SHELDON. Piw'L
W. A. MCALLISTER. Vice Pre'.
ROBERT UHLIG, Cashier,
DANIEL SCHRAM, Aes't Cash.
J. P. BECKER. H. I, n. OEHLRICH.
JONAS WELCH. CAUL REINKE,
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Thia Bank transact! a regular Banking Busi
ness, will allow interest on time deposits, make
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faction in all business intrusted in our care.
WESTERN GO TTA6B ORGAN
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ticular, and mi guaranteed.
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Piaps Repaired ob short notice
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COFFUfS AND METALLIC CASES
- i t
AND DXALCR IX
rami tars, Chairs, Bedsteads, Ba-
rsaus, Tables, Safes. Loongss,
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44 COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA.
Caveats and Trade Marks obtained, and all Pat
ent business conduct M for MODERATE FEES.
OUR OFFICE 18 OPPOSITE U. 8. PATENT
OFFICE. We have no sub-acencies. all business
direct, beace -we can transact patent business in
tees toe andat LESS COST than those remote
ifrosx Wasaiagtnn. .
Bead model, drawing, or photo, with descrip
tion. t We advise if patentable or not, free of
charge." Oar fee not doe till patent is secured.
A hook. -How to Obtain Patents," with refer-
eaces-to actual clients in .your state; county or 1
town, sent tree. AaanMmmnmr Aflft.
Opyesite Patent Cc"MMnftont DVC
THE DULL SCHOLAR.
teat te the Feet of the Class fr a Bi
gllag Cssay mm Political ENaaay,
Uncle Sam Yoa say in this free trade
essay that "under our present Jaws-ssora
tbnn 4,000 articles are subject to daty."
Where did you get yonr information"
Grover Cleveland Please, sir, I found
the statement in the National Democratic
platform of 1876.
Uncle Ham You ditll And yon bad no
better sense than to accept a statement
from. audi a fossil source? What do I
print lwoks of statistics for?"
Grover Cleveland Please, sir, Carlisle
Miiil lost June in the platform of the
Democrats of Kentucky, which he fixed up
for them, that there was more than 4.00C
Uncle Sam He did I Well you must
not take a Bourbon's statement, either.
You know they never learn anything.
Just look at your report on commerce and
navigation, issued by Ihe bureau of statis
tics, for 1877, and you will see that the
numler of dutiable articles imported
duriuK the previous year was 1,003, and
not 4,000. Philadelphia Press.
There Are Many Seek Tender Coras.
Missouri last year produced lead ore
valued at nearly $500,000, and consider
ably over $1,000,000 worth of sine Mis
souri's Democratic congressmen are ram
pant when the duties on these articles are
threatened, but they implicitly believe in
free trade in everything else. Nothing
could be more mean, uuworthy and ridic
ulous than the attitude of Democratic
representatives from such states as Ala
bama and Missouri, who clamor for pro
tection to their "infant industries" in
zinc, lead and iron, while ready to sacri
fice, at the demand of the president, the
vastly more important interests of other
sections of the country. Boston Journal.
.fast Think of It.
Eighty-five million dollars surplus in the treas
ury! Thirty million dollars increase in two months!
Just think of it! Just think of this enormous
amount taken out of the business of the country,
and piling up day after day, and the people taxed
to add to it! The Graphic.
Yes, just think of it! And also think
of a party that has been in power six
years und refuses to reduce the surplus by
abolishing the real war taxes the taxes
which have never been levied except for
war purposes. New York Press.
Democratic Mismanagement of Mali.
The unusual amount of noise now being
made by the administration clacqaers is
probably .for the purpose of ailencing'tbo
public complaints over the disorganized
postal service. So long as people fail to
get their moil, however, they will think
and talk; finally, they will act by voting
for the return of the party that demon
strated its ability in that line by establish
ing and operating for years an almost per
fect service. Indianapolis Journal.
Two Free Trade Strongholds.
Free trade seems to have two homes in
the United States. One of them in New
York city. There the traders would get
profits on the importations following the
decay of American manufactures, ami
brokers would get percentages on the
money sent ont to pay for tbje importa
tions. The other home is in Kentucky,
the headquarters of whisky distilling.
Petersburg Index-Appeal, Dem.
An Unnecessary Precaution.
President Cleveland had one vacancy on
the supreme bench and one on the circuit
bench of the United States courts to fill
since he has been in office. He put ex
rebels in both places, which was unneces
sary, for the south would .have been
"solid" any way, if the bulldozing and
fraud at the polls could make it so, for
the Democratic ticket. Chicago Evening
Tkey Would Want Grover to Stick, Too.
How differently are the characters of
men estiniuted by the people. While so
many people insist that-Blaihe does not
withdraw at all in his letter if Mr. Cleve
land were to write something to the same
effect ns regards his own candidacy, the
whole Union Would rise up and say they
believed every word of it, and hoped he'd
stick to it. Albany Times, Dem.
A Ticket That Would Win.
For President Mr. Protective Tariff;
For Vice President Mr. Fair Count,
is an invincible combination. It will
knock the Democratic ticket,
For President Mr. Free Trade;
For Vice President Mr. Suppressed
into the middle of next week. Hartford
They TJnat Want It That Way.
Roger Q. Mills told the manufacturers
of Providence that he was going to
"emancipate" the American farmer by
putting wool on the free list, and "disin
thrall" the American manufacturer by re
ducing the duty on his goods and increas
ing foreign importation. The Commercial
club didn't enthuse much over his pro
gramme. New York Press.
A Hard Blow at David's Boom.
Presidential booms for Governor Hill
excite only derision. The one purpose of
the Democracy in this connection is to .re
nominate Grover Cleveland in the national
convention on the first ballot. There is no
other candidate. There is no other pur
pose. Little Rock Gazette, Dem.
A Surplus Does Not Trouble Thorn.
The worst the Democrats can find tossy
about the financial legislation of the Re
publican party is that it created a surplus
Well, we are free to admit that no such
harge was ever made against the Demo
cratic party. Cleveland Leader.
Tkey Will Never Learn.
The lesson of their reduced majority is
apparently lost on the Democrats of the
house, and they are keeping up their old
reputation for doing nothing in the most
vigorous manner. Xoxristown Herald.
Maj. Awaeraoa'a Big; Eagle.
The biggest American eagle in the
United States roosts in the state house In
this' city. It is the property of Maj. E. J.
Anderson, the state comptroller, and its
roosting place is on an imitation rock in
the window of his private office. The
bird measures seven feet and eleven inches
Cross tip to tip of its wings, and it is so
tall that if it were alive and standing on
the ground itcould pick off a man's waist
coat buttons without getting on tiptoe.
The profusion' of. little fluffy feathers on
tne. under sides of the wings, the peculiar
narfciags of the breast, and the depression,'
In the top of the beak are evident s of the
great age to which the bird hau 'attained
before it was killed. Those skilled in
such matters estimate that it must have
been at least 7.1 years old. It is a genuine
Washington or American eagle, and prob
ably its only rival in the country, dead or
alive, Is at the Smithsonian institute at
Washington, but the specimen there is
The graceful yet powerful pose of this
bird and the magnificent sweep of its
wings show clearly bow great a libel upon
the bird ol freedom is the atrocious figure
that attempts to soar over the bundle of
sticks on the back of the buzzard dollars
of the present day. If the government
will send an artist to Trenton it can ob
tain a model from which it can make a
dollar that will not bring the blusof
shame to the cheek of every American
who has to spend it.
Jtaj. Anderson's eagle was shot in
Hunterdon county, in this state. The
bird is one of the most rare in the country,
and it is scarcely ever even seen near the
haunts of civilisation. It is supposed that
advanced age had made this bird unable
to successfully pursue and captnre the
game of the .wilderness, and that there
fore it bad ventured into settled'Tegfons
for tamer prey. It was found near a
farmer's barn, and the farmer filled it full
of-.lead from a shotgun and a revolver
without killing it, and finally captured it
alive, having disabled it by wounds in
the wing. It was taken to the village
station, and lived there on exhibition a
day or two before it died. It was then
given to Maj. Anderson, who had it stuffed
and mounted, and guards it now with the
tenderness and pride of a young father.
He has refused for it offers running well
into the hundreds of dollars. Trenton
Cor. New York Sun.
A Story of Gen. Sherman.
For many years Col. Ensley was a
planter in Tennessee. He had a planta
tion below Memphis during the war. Gen.
Sherman passed by as he was chatting in
the Fifth Avenue hotel corridor, when he
haid: "They talk more or less about
Sherman's being 'cranky.' I knew of an
incident at Memphis, which appeared
cranky, but when I came to think it over
was very shrewd. 1 had a neighbor
planter named Maj. Lundy. As I went
up to Memphis one day, I met Lundy
going back home. He hod just had an
encounter with Sherman, of which he told
me the particulars. The outposts of the
army had arrested hint and taken him to
the general's headquarters. He went in
and stood awaiting the wishes of the gen
eral, who presently ulanced up from his
paper aud said in a rasping, wiry, cold
blooded voice: 'Sit dowu; I'll attend to
you presently. You'll be shot in half au
"You can imagine, or rather you can
scarcely imagine, the consternation of a
man brought suddenly into the presence
of death in a fashion like that. Maj.
Lundy asked the reason for his cruel
sentence, but got small satisfaction. He
pressed the general harder, and the latter
began to question him about the people of
the neighborhood, the men who had gone
into the Confederate army, and a vast
number of other things, all of which
Eeemed trifling enough to poor Lundy, but
made up a big budget of information for
a commanding general in a hostile
country. Presently the general looked
up and said, gruffly, but with a kinder
tone than that in which he had first ad
dressed the major: 'Well, sir; that will
do. You can take your vehicle and go
home.' The major was literally dum
founded. I wonder if the general remem
bers it. I have alwavs thought that he
took that way of pumping poor Lundy."
New York Tribune.
Prlaco Bismarck at Home.
Prince Bismarck is seen to best advan
tage in his celebrated informal receptions
and in his home life. He is a man of
striking personal apppearance. He is six
feet two inches in height and of splendid
proportions in every respect. His head is
very large, of great breadth, well shaped
and rests on a great neck, which rises
firmly above his giant frame. The fore
head is large and bold, the lower half
seamed and furrowed; the upper portion
smooth and shiny. The eyes are full, steel
blue in color, and protrude far out from
the brows, which are covered with great
bunches of hair. The nose is large and
aristocratic looking; the mouth firm, cov
ered by a heavy grizzly mustache; the
jaws, which appear to have the solidity of
iron, converge in a massive, finely cut
chin. The expression of the face is solemn,
earnest, inexorable, implacable. John P.
Jackson in New York World.
A Very Strange Story.
Apropos of the experiments in hypnot
ism, now so general and popular, the cele
brated Dr. Carpenter relates that a lady
of superior intelligence was walking past
a public institution and observed a child
in which she was specially interested com
ing out through an iron gate. As he let
go the gate it seemed to close upon him,
und she felt sure that it would strike and
crush his ankle. She was too far away,
by any possible movement, to reach him
in time to prevent the accident. In fact,
she found she could not move, for an in
tense pain came upon her own ankle cor
responding to tliat one of the lioy's which
she supposed would be injured. With
great di faculty she reached her home, and
thereupon found a circle around her
ankle, as if it had been painted with red
paint. The next day the whole foot was
Inflamed nnd she was confined to her bed
for days. Globe-Democrat.
The season of "marrous glaces" those
tempting French sweetmeats ended in
Paris, much to the regret of a large num
ber of women who earn their livelihood
by preserving the fruit. One set of work
ers skin the chestnut and carefully sepa
rate it from the iuncr husks, being fined
a halfpenny each time thejr break the
fruit. Then the chestnuts pass-through
numerous hands in the preserving pro
cess, nnd when complete are turned over
to yet another set of women to be put in
boxes or tied up in dainty glazed paper
bags. Twelve hours' toil a day brings
each worker in one shilling eight pence.
The "marrous glaces" season basts from
All Saints' day to Jan. 15.
Heavily Inaared Men.
The most heavily insured man in the
country is Dr. David W. Hostetter, who
made his fortune in patent medicines.
The policies on his life aggregate $800,
000. Other well known men who carry a
large insurance on their lives are Hamil
ton Disston, of Philadelphia, with $400,
000; Geo. K. Auderson, of Chicago, who
has $350,000, and Pierre Lnrillard, whose
policies amonnt to $310,000. New York
Never Had a Cold.
During the bitterly cold wind one night
the few shivering pedestrians on the big
bridge were treated to the sight of an
elderly gentleman who ran the full length
of that structure at a gait that closely re
sembled a gallop. A Scotch cap, a rosy
complexion and the strongly marked
accent with which he explained his feat to
an inquiring policeman betrayed bis
British origin. He wore no flannels and
never had a cold. New York Sun.
Nrw Building Material.
A new ouilding material called stone
brick is said to possess extremely useful
qualities, nnd to be likely to ,come into
extensive use. It is made by grinding to
gether lime and sand lo a dry state. It is
then heated by steam, and becomes burned
hydnudfif cemsBt. Chicago Times!
GOSSIP ABOUT CANDIDATES.
Many State Putting Forward Their
The question is: "Who is the most
representative and popular Bepublicun
leader?" Lewistou Journal.
There is a chance now for an Iowa presi
dent. Des Moines Register.
Favorite sons are pushed to the front
since the publication of Mr. Blaine's letter.
The man who can secure the most votes
Is the one who should be made the stand
ard bearer. St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
New Jersey Republicans should unitedly
and earnestly present the name of William
Walter Phelps. Trenton Gazette.
The Republicans would now do well to
take a long look in the direction of Will
iam B. Allison, of Iowa, as a candidate
for president. Boston Herald.
Under the changed conditions, the Re
publicans of Michigan will naturally urge
the presentation of Gen. Alger's name for
the first place. Detroit Tribune.
Perhaps these down easters would trot
out more candidates if they were not con
vinced that the coming man is to come
out of the west. Indianapolis Journal.
Allison is'a strong man with the party
of the whole country. He is especially
strong In the west, where he is best
known. Omaha Republican.
Indiana Republicans have a chance, aud
a good one, to secure to Indiana the great
honor, for the first time in her history, of
furnishing the presidential candidate.
The chance is Gen. Harrison. Indianapo
The Tribune is prepared to declare its
belief thnt, all things considered, Senator
William B. Allison, of Iowa, is the man
best entitled to the support of these states
as their candidate. Minneapolis Tiibune.
"The ticket that I should like to see
nominated," said a Republican veteran,
"is this: For president, George F. Hoar,
of Massachusetts; for vice president, Na
than Goff, of West Virginia." Boston
That the thoughts of roauy Republicans
should turn to Mr. Hiscock at the present
time is one of the most natural of the
consequences Mowing from the publication
of Mr. Blaine's Florence letter. Roches
Whether New York shall present a
candidate for the presidency or not, it is
of the utmost importance that her delega
tion to the national convention shall be so
constituted that it can act as a unit.
Ohio has had its share of presidents.
Why can it not join with the other western
states in agreeing upon a man who can
command the support of the west entirely
aud go into the convention and be nomi
nated.' Des Moines Register.
The Republican duty is clear and it will
be performed. It is to stop all bluster
and large talk about nominations by ac
clamation, and thoughtfully and with
great seriousness study out the man who
can get every Republican vote and some
of the Democrats. That man exists.
Boston Traveller. .
The task of the Republican national
convention Is not so much to pick out the
man who can be elected as to choose from
a number of men of tliat kind the one who
can get the largest majority, and thus
make the Democratic defeat most pro;
Jounced and most humiliating. St. Louis
WTH AND POINT OF POLITICS.
Sharp Shooting All Along the Skirmish
Line In the Campaign.
Governor Hill doutless spent $3,400 of
New York htate money upon electrical
apparatus that he might subject his boom
to electrical treatment. Pittsburg Chronicle-Telegraph.
What a representative Democratic
ticket Cleveland and George would be!
New York Press.
The Mugwumps have nobody to scold
since Mr. Blaine withdrew. Presently
they will begin to slander one another and
then scandal will hold a carnival. Phila
Democratic tariff reform is not reform
any more than an incendiary who sets fire
to a house is an architect. Chicago
The sheep iu this country are worth
$89,000,000, but for and in consideration
of the sum of 2 cents Grover Cleveland
would exterminate every one of them.
The free trade goat is the only animal that
can claim any consideration from his ad
ministration. Philadelphia Press.
The latest and unorganized opposition
to Cleveland iu the Democratic party is
on the increase, :iud if it once breaks out
it may become formidable. Indianapolis
Governor Hill is just stute-man enough
to consider the tariff issue as non-essential.
There is nothing essential in Demo
cratic politics except catching on. New
York Mail and Express.
To all candidates for president who in
sist upon retiring from the contest: Go
early and avoid the rush! Philadelphia
William H. English, of Indiana, wants
to come into politics again. He will be in
just long enough to be struck for a seven
cent campaign contribution then, good
by, Wilfmm. Harrisburg Telegraph.
It would be just like Hill to try aud
make it appear that Blaine's withdrawal
was the result of his own little boom.
Cleveland will be renominated, not bo
cause he is the favorite of the leaders of
his party, or even a majority of its adher
ents, but because they do not dare to
nominate any one else. Chicago Times.
Etiquette at the Theatre.
It is the essence of bad form for New
York girls to drive alone with men. The
western girl, preserving her dignity and
reserve intact, will drive with a man not
only by day, but on moonlight nights.
She takes a "buggy ride" on moonlight
nights! And her young man thinks no
worse of her for it. Guilelees west!
What an Arcadian state of things 1 It must
have been this sort of west out of which
young Lochinvar is said to have appeared.
He if I remember rightly went riding
with his sweetheart, both on the same
horse. That's even betterthan "buggy
As to going to the theatre with your
best man, that, too, is tabooed. If your
best man wants to take mamma, or a mar
ried friend, all very well mamma is the
quinine powder, yon the jam. He can
have the jam, but he has got to take the
powder, too. Then you sit, the friend, or
the mother, on the farther side, and she
becomes occupied with the play and then
he has a charming evening. Matinees in
company .with his rare and radiant maid
en are allowable, though cot among par
ticular people: Take a third person, and
it is all right. The little sister of either
party will do; in fact, she may be re
garded as a bright idea, for she is so
pleased with the play that she sees or
hears nothing else, and, sitting well for
ward on her chair, watches the strutting
figures with smiles and tears, as they
stalk through their little comedy.
In this question of play going the New
York lover has to be extremely careful.
He must not blindly take his dearest and
her mamma to an opening night, even at
one of the best theatres in. town. . Can.-
tioas men go to the play themselves first,
nnd then, respectability pei'tnitting, take
. the girl and her mother. With the flight
of time we grow French. The day is ap
proaching when papa aud Brother George
will go to the prelude, and mamma and
the girls come in for the afterpiece.
"Iris" in The Argonaut.
The Pake Got Away.
The Duke of Newcastle had rather a
hard time of it here. He is a modest little i
invalid, and after being stood up on his '
one leg at receptions, and having strings
of people brought up to be presented, after j
the fashion of well meaning Americuns,
he bethought himself of some little strat
egy to release himself from a bore to I
which he had not been subjected in any
other part of the world. At a recent en
tertainment given in his honor, after
twenty or more people had been present
ed, his grace had had enough.
"I really think I shall have to go," said
he to bis untiring hostess. "Ob, no,
duke! I can't think of letting you off so
soon. Oh, Mrs. Marstabilt, I want to in
troduce you to the Duke of Newcastle."
''But you see," said the sly little man,
scarcely bowing, "I have just left my ;
cousin very III of diphtheria at his hotel,
and I am anxious to get back to him."
"Great heavens! Go! go at once, then!"
said bis hostess, who had children, and
whose maternal instinct for the moment '
quite overpowered her siioboihtiess. And
ro he did like a shot. "Tattler" in New
Whether Mr. Blaine Is positively do- '
termined to keep out of the turmoil of
personal politics, or whether he will yield
to pressure that will undoubtedly lie
brought to lenrand reconsider his declina
tion, his letter furnishes admirable texts
for Republican argument, regardless of
the choice of the convention.
Like nil observant men who have gone
abroad he sees by contrast more to love
and stand tip for in his own country than
lie was conscious of when he left it. Every
American is a better American by reason
of experience iu other lands, and, although
the glamour of the grandeur of European
scenes is something not to be overrated by
unprejudiced aud intelligent lookers on,
it is the condition of the average citizen
and, as the world puts it, the lower
classes, that challenge.-, thoughtful atten
tion, and makes every Americ. n, as it
does Mr. Blaine, better satisfied with and
prouder of his own country. In closing
his letter he says this good and true
"A close observation of the conditions of
life among the older nations gives one a
more intense desire that the American
people shall make no mistake in choosing
the policy which inspires labor with hope
and crowns it with dignity, which gives
safety to capital and protects its increase, t
which secures political power to every citi- '
zen, comfort and culture to every home. I
To this end, not less earnestly and more
directly as a private citizen than as a pub- '
lie candidate, I shall devote myself with '
the confident belief that the administra
tion of the government will bo restored to
the party which has demonstrated the f
purpose, and the power to wield it for the j
unity and honor of the republic, for the
prosperity and progress of the people."
Madness Permeates Their Plans.
Although apparently madness per
meates the plans of the free traders, there
is surely method in their madness. For
so devoted are they, as a class, to any
thing which tends to nourish English and
depress American interests that, next to
any device for the protection of American
labor by tariff enactment, nothing mad
dens them so much as proposals to protect
our nationality by developing our navy
aud coast defenses.
Of course The Irish World is too polite
to accuse them of a desire to relegate this
country to British domination, but it does
not hesitate to affirm that if such was
their wish no surer means conld be in
vented to realize the same than their con
tinuous warfare on American industrial
independence by advocacy of free trade,
and on American nationality by opposing
increase of our navy and our coast de
fenses. Irish World-.
Loud Cackling, But No Egg.
Whenever our free trade contemporary
gets hold of a wool grower who differs
from the great majority of wool growers,
it sets up a shout as if the whole battle be
tween free trade and protection were de
cided foiever. It does not seem to matter
whether its particular wool grower has
any general knowledge of the subject or
not, if he will only say, or can be made to
say, that he does not favor the duty on
wool; that is enough. San Francisco
This Flower Will Not Bloom In the Spring.
The news from New York indicates
that Mr. Roswell P. Flower has just
opened another keg of dollars. He failed
to lie chosen to represent his state on the
national committee, but now he gets a
brand new start as candidate for governor
in tha wake of Governor Hill's presiden
tial schooner. Mr. Flower should roll
that keg back into the vault and take
something to quiet his nerves. Chicago
We Can't Spare Him.
Mr. Cleveland's defeat as a candidate
for renomination would be regretted by
Republicans. On his own choseu ground
he would be more easily defeated than
almost any other man who could be named
in his stead. If he is not nominated it
will mean the repudiation of his theoriei
by the Democratic party, and the Repub
licans will be deprived of their strongest
weapon of offense. Omaha Republican.
They Are the True Democrats.
It is sagely remarked by the leading
Mugwump organ of the country that
there are certain Democrats in New York
who are opposed to President Cleveland
"because he is too much of a reformer."
We are asked to believe, in other words,
that some New York Democrats are so
averse to reform that they cannot even
tolerate a pretense of it. St. Louis Globe
Democrat. Explain If Ton Can.
The real task before the Democracy is
this: Explain if you can how the system
can be wrong which has reduced the pub
lic debt in twenty years from $2,65(1,431,
574 to about $1,000,000,000 without the
slightest sacrifice on the part of the
people, to whom during all that time it
has brought unexampled prosperity.
New York Tribune.
Only a Barl Will Do.
There are surface indications that Wil
liam H. English, of Indiana, wants to
break into politics again. He should be
dissuaded, however. A man can't be
elected to the vice presidency this year on
the strength of a campaign contribution
of a dollar and a quarter any more than
he could in 1880. Philadelphia Press.
Syrup of Figs
Is Nature's own true laxative. It is the
most easily taken, and the most effective '
remedy known to Cleanse the System
when Bilious or Costive; to dispel Head
aches, Colds and Fevers; to cure Habit
ual Constipation, Indigestion, Piles, etc.
Manufactured only by the California Fig
Syrup Company, San Francisco, Cal. For
sals only by Dowty & Becher. 27-y
FARM AND GARDEN.
PROBLEM OF VENTILATING A CEL
LAR SATISFACTORILY SOLVED.
Statements Made by an Experienced
Horse BreederProfessor Shelton Tells
now to Cut Cora Fodder An Economi
cal Plan for Feeding Stock In Yard.
Every section of the country has its own
special feed rucks, and an interchange of
Ideas and pluus on the subject between
widely differing localities often results in
added conveniences heretofore untried by
TIG. 1 ECONOMICAL FEED RACK.
For economical feeding in the yard
there Is perhaps no better device than the
one here reproduced from Minnesota
Farmer, and in use in many sections of
A simple way to build one of these feed
racks is to begin by setting four toll poets
in the ground In the form of a rectangle.
Their height and distance apart will de
termine the size of the rack. It is not
best, however, to make it very wide, say
not over six feet, as soxno difficulty would
be experienced by the animals in pulling
out the hay if bound colidly in the center.
Set the posts leaning toward the center, in
order to make the opening at the bottom
wider than at tho top. This will prevent
binding, and tho hay will easily settle as
it is being eaten away from below. From
about eighteen inches above ground, to
the tops of the posts, the sides and ends
should be boardjBd tightly, making it pos
sible for the animals to reach the hay only
from the bottom.
To make the rack complete, n manger
must be built entirely surrounding the
upright part. Set four short posts se
curely in the ground opposite the corners,
and others between to give firmness to
this part, where pressure is always
brought to bear. If the manger is made
slanting, aud narrow at the bottom, it will
prevent animals from getting in, as they
are tempted to do in cold or stormy
weather. Many consider it a good thing
to cover such a rack with a shed roof,
thus always keeping the hay dry. This
can be done with very little extra ex
-FEED RACK AKD SHED.
Farmers who have many animals to
feed sometimes build several of these
racks, arranging them at the entrance of
i their sheds. This admits of the animals
I eating under shelter frotn one side during
inclement weather. See second cnt, in
which the rack is shown at A, and the
shed nt B.
, Hints on Horse Breeding'.
At one of the New York Farmers' in
stitues, an experienced breeder in horses
read a paper on "Horse Breeding," in
which occurred the following statements:
First decide what style of horse you
want to produce. There nre several
classes of horses, the race horse and
trotter: the carriage hore. such as the
Cleveland bay and French coach, and the
various breeds of draft horse:. The Eng
lish Shire, the Clydesdale and the Per
cheron. Of these various breeds the race
horse can only be bred to advantage in
large establishments. The Americnn
trotter has only become a distinct breed
within a generation, but now we produce
the trotter quite uniformly. The Eng
lish race horse was the progenitor of the
American trotter, of which Rysdlk's
Uambletontan, Mambrino, Henry Clay
nnd a few others were the first sires.
Only within fifteen jears has an in
telligent study of the trotter been pursued.
Now the rules adopted and published in
the register govern. American breeders
of the trotter have reached a degree of
success of which they are justly proud.
They produce the fastest roud horse in
The Cleveland bay was the offspring of
the thoroughbred race horse on larger
mares. The French coach horse was bred
under government supervision, which
owned all the stallions. The Norman
should not be confounded with the Per
cheron. The former is smaller a car
riage horse; the latter better adapted to
heavy draft. It is the draft horse of
France. The English Shire aud Clydes
dale horses have been much mixed. Give
the best of care and feed well. Such
The farmers can breed a few colts every
year and work their mares most of the
time. Cheap raising of colts on the star
vation plan does not pay. The dam
should earn her keeping. He estimated
the cost of properly raising a colt until it
is four years old at $120. The profit or
loss will depend upon the quality of the
colt at that age.
Ventilation of Poultry Houses.
The question of ventilation is an impor
tant one in the construction of poultry
houses, which are too often built without
any consideration of how the fowls in
closed within their loundaxiea nre to be
supplied with air.
The failure to make arrangements for
the escape of vitiated air and the intro
duction of pure air in poultry houses is
the prolific source of two-thirds the ail
ments that attack domestic fowls, dump,
cold quarters accounting for the remain
der. The droppings ot domestic fovls
60on give off noxious gases, which, if con
fined so that the fowls inhale the polluted
air, prevents thrift and occasions serious
A way often adopted is to make a few
holes in one end of the house and let the
air get in and out the bust way it can.
Occasionally a very slovenly manager will
leave a board or tw o off for the purpose:
or, with malice a forethought, build a
house with the boards left a little apart
for ventilation. These methods, which in
duce draughts, are worse than no' venti
lation at all, almost, because draughts of
cold air invite colds, and' colds quickly
run into that most dreaded of all diseases,
The plan Illustrated in the cut is a very
simple one and costs almost' nothing be-
9 - 5iC
yonfl the hrborot carrying It out. it Is
equally suitable to single slope or to a
ga bio roof. "The latter way is desirable,
but readers can easily adapt it to the
Iu the roof of the house form a small
chamber by nailing half inch boards across
the same, atxmi midway between the
eaves and the apex. The cross boards
forming the bottom of the chamber may
either be closely nailed together and have
holes, liored in them, or be left a quarter
of an inch apart. At each end of this
chamber, in the gables, flat cros bars, or
"louver boards," as these nre termed,
should be so placed as to exclude the rain;
or a ventilating trap, such as is for sale
at hardware stores, may be put in. Holes
bored in both ends will do, but not so
The system of ventilation described en
sures a constant current of air through
the ventilating chamber, carrying off the
vitiated air, and this prevents any draught
whatever in the house itself; but, at the
same time, fresh air is in it day and night
for the fowls to breathe. In winter soma
of the ventilating holes can be stopped up,
for fewer are required than during the
hot summer ssoaths. The facility with
which the-rnrrent cms, be regulated Is the
advantage the .trap ventilators have ..over
the holes or lower boards, though the
latter serve well and are at the command
Readers are cautioned against making
holes near the ground or doing anything
to create a draught upward, as when this
is done there Is danger of the fowls hav
ing to roost midway between two openlttgs
a plan which, sooner or later, results in
diseases induced by colds.
The floor of the house ought to be higher
than the ground outside to prevent the
water running into the house, which it
will do If below or upon the level. A dirt
floor is an excellent one when the soil is
well drained so as to insure freedom from
dampness. Cement when well laid makes
a good floor. An excellent plan is to
spade up the ground and rake it over tine
and even, then overlay it with ashes, a
little fine gravel, etc. This top layer ought
to be removed every few days and a fresh
Bucket for Narrow Wells.
If buckets with a pulley or windlass
are used iu deep, unrrow wells, it is lest,
says Prairie Farmer, to have these long
and of small diameter, so ns to pass each
other easily and not upset by knocking
against the walls. The kind shown iu tho
cut nt A is common in some parts of the
country but unknown in others. It was
recently illustrated and described as fol
lows in the journal quoted from.
LONO, SELF EMITTING BUCKET.
It is made of heavy tinned or galvan
ized sheet iron with a wooden bottom 1 1-3
or 2 inches thick, having n hole through
its center 2 inches in diameter. Over this
hole, inside of the bucket, is a valve like
those used in wooden pumps. To the top
is hinged or riveted a bail. In the trough
which is attached to the curb to conduct
the water to the pail, is a peg of wood or
Iron 4 or 5 inches long. To empty the
bucket set it in the trough so this peg will
go through the hole in the bottom and
thus push open the valve. There will be.
uo trouble in pouring out jut the amount
wanted. A sinker is never needed, as the
bucket's own weight causes the uater to
rush through the valve at the bottom.
One Way to Make an Egg Tester.
A cheap and simple egg tester may be
made of a pasteboard box and about half
a yard of any light weight, dull black
cloth. The box should be seven inches
long by six inches wide and deep. Cut a
hole in each end of the box, one hole large
enough to fit over the largest part of a
common lamp chimney and the other so
that it will just fit over the top. Cut an
other hole in one side about me shape and
n little smaller than the average size of an
egg. Line the inside of the box and the
cover with the cloth and fasten the cover
of the box on tightly, so that no light can
reach the inside of the box. Also cover
the outside of the box, cutting out three
lules in tho cloth, drawing the inter and
f uter linings tnceiher around the edges of
the holes so that the will nut c me in
contact with the lamp. Liuht your lamp,
put the tester oer the chimney, exclude
all light from the room and you are ready.
Place the eggs ngninst Hie hole in the side
of the tester and you will llnd that it will
work to your complete satisfaction. Cnro
should be taken to get the hole iu the side
of the tester opposite the flame of the
lamp, so as to get the full strength of the
light through the egj.
Mistake Made by Southern Farmers,
A Tennessee farmer says that the great
and fatal mistake made by southern
farmers is the neglect to cultivate gross.
Grass, he very truly claims, is the founda
tion on which every good farm is built,
and lie points to the prosperity of the
northern farmer, who keeps up the fertil
ity of his soil with grass and stock, as evi
dence of the correctness of his assertion.
Until your hair becomes dry, thin, and
gray before giving the attentiou needed
to preserve its beauty and vitality.
Keep on your toilet-table a bottle of
Ayer's Hair Vigor the only dressing
you require for the hair and use a little,
daily, to preserve the natural color and
Thomas Munday, Sharon Grove, Ky.,
writes: "Several months ago ny hair
commenced falling out, aud in a few
weeks my head was almost bald. I
tried many remedies, but they did no
good. I finally bought a bottle of Ayer's
Hair Vigor, and, after using only a part
of the contents, my head was covered
with a heavy growth of hair. I recom
mend your preparation as the best hair
restorer in the world."
" My hair was faded and dry," writes
Mabel C. Hardy, of Delavan. 111.; "but
after using a bottle of Ayer's Hair Vigor
it became black aud glossy."
Ayer's Hair Vigor,
Sold by Druggists and Perfumers.
Pimples and Blotches,
So disfiguring to the face, forehead, and
neck, may be entirely removed by the
use of Ayer's Sarsaparllla, the best and
safest Alterative and Blood-Purifier ever
Dr. J. C. Ayer & Co., Lowell, Mass.
Sold by Druggists; $1; six bottles for Sk
Authorize Capita! of $250,000,
A Surplus FiUfJ of - $20,000,
And the largest PsJdl 1st Cask fsipif 1 at
any baakia this pert of the State.
CsT'Depoeito received aad uttarwt nasi
-Drafts on the princ ipal cities ia talis
try and Europe beeght aad sold.
CT-CoUestioas aad all other
pronpt aad eararal attention.
A. ANDERSON. Pree'C
J. H. GALLEY. Vice Praat.
O. ANDERSON, P. ANDOgOW.
JACOB UREIHEN. HENRY sUQAfl.
J OHN J. SULLTVAN, W. A. MciTLlilfc.
D. T. Marttn, M. D.
F.J. Scars. M.O.
Drs. XABTTV ft SCHTJG,
U. S. Examining Surgeons,
Local SurKPons, Union Pacific, O., N. it
Consultation in Gorman and English. Tela
rlionvs at office and residences.
jy Office on Olive street, next to BrodfBek
ivr's Jewelry Store.
PHYSICIAX AyD SURGEOX,
Platte Center. Nebraska. ft
TXT A. iflcAl.LlMXEgt,
ATTORyEY t yOTARY PUBLIC.
Office up-stairs in Henry's building, corner of
Olivo and 11th streets. aagNXWy
TIT Jl. COKrVKI.lUS, '
LAW AND COLLECTION OFFICE.
Upstairs Ernst building. 11th street.
CULMVAN Sc REEDER,
A TTORXEYS A T LAW,
Office over First National Rank, Cohwbsa.
I. EVANS, M. .,
PHYSICIAX AXD SURGEOX.
JSOHice and rooms, Glnck building, Uth
tttrvet. Telephone communication. 4-y
TT 91. nACFAKLAMI,
ATTORXEY t XOTARY PUBLIC.
C97,OfficH m.r First National Bank. Coluia
"I'artie desirintr surveying done caa ad
dress me at Columbus, Neb., or call at my office
in Court House. 3niay88.y
T J. CRAMER,
CO. SUP'T. PUBLIC SCHOOLS.
I will be in my office in the Court House, the
third Saturday of each month for the examiaa
tion of applicants for teachers' certificates, aad
for the transaction of other school business.
DRAY and EXPRESSMEN.
Light and heavy hauling. Goods "liilH
with ca-, Headquarters t J. P. Becker & Co.'e
office. Telephone. S3 and 84. 30mar87y
DR. J. CHAM. WILLY,
PHYSICIAN and SURQEON,
EYE DISEASES A SPECIALTY.
Eleventh Stnwt. Office No. 40: Residence NaJ.
JOHN G. H1GG1N8.
C. J. GARLOW.
Spvcialt) made of Collections by C. J. Garlow.
Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware !
Job-Work, Hoofing aad Oattsr
ins; a Specialty.
J57Shop on Olive street, 2 doors nortii ef
ISrodf uehrer's Jewelry Store. J2-tf
SA WONDERS exist ia
IILL UtliouHands of forms.
ms. Dot are sor-
1 1 i Jt?u"w' ," '" morvh of inventiuo.
I RsiBal Thotw who are in need of nmfltahla
work tliat can lie done while living at home
should at once send their address to Hallett &
Co.. Portland, Maine, and receive free, full ia
formation how either sex, of all ages, can earn
from $." to $ir per day and upwards wherever
they live. 1 ou are started free. Capital not re
quired. Some have made over $o0 in a single
da at this work. All succeed. STdee'Ay
Wo will pay the above reward for any cae of
liver complaint, dyspepsia, sick headache, indi
rection, constipation or costivenesa we cannot
cure with West's Vegetable Liver Pills, when the
directions are strictly complied with. They are
purely egetable, anil never fail to give tatisfae
tion. Large boxes containing 30 sugar coated
piild. c. For sale by all druggists. Beware of
counterfeits and imraitations. The genuine
manufactured only by JOHN C. WEST & CO..
W?J W. Madison St.. Chicago, 111. dec787y
tiie world daring the
last half century.
Not least amona the
vtondertt of inventive progretw is a method aad
hvstem of work that can be performed all over
the country without separating the workers frost
their homes. Pay liberal; any one can do the
work; either sex. young or old: no special ability
required. Capital not needed; yoa are started
free. Cut this out and return to us and we will
miuI you free, something of great value and im-
I ortance to you, that win start yon in baaiaess.
which will brine vou in more money riaht awar.
than anything else in the world. Grand outfit
free. Address True & Co., Augusta, Me. dec2S
A book of 100 pages.
The best book for aa
advertiser to oc
salt, be be experi
enced or otherwise.
It contains list of newspapers and estimates
of the coat of ad vertialnar. The advertiser who
wants to spend one dollar, amis Ia Ittbela
fbrmatlon he requires, while forhim who will
inTest one hundred thousand dollars la ad
vertising, a scheme is Indicated which wUl
meet his every requlrenaent, or caa msssm
to do$o hfUgUehangtimuay orriseaof vesr
Tttpondenee. 140 editions aave beam usaed.
Sent; post-paid, to any address for seats,
WrtteTtoBEO. If. ROWKL1. 00
NEWSPAPER ADVERTiaiNw JO&AC.
laoaft-aaasesf,.;, mww lesa.
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