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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (May 23, 1883)
WEDNESDAY, 31 AY 23, 1863.
Zstirai it tie FsttaSct, Cokatu, Hefc., is teeai
BOBIN AM) I.
Once; upon a winter day,
Ast-aat, forlorn-and sad.
Thlmrmg. in a fretful way.
Of the toe when I was glad
Hopping lightly o'er the enow.
Came a robin that I know.
On the window ledge he stood.
With a bright Inquiring eye:
Twas a compact that he should
Always call in passing by.
Just to show we might pretend
Bach to entertain a friend.
When I saw my tiny guest
Waiting for his daily crumb.
Dainty, trim and self-possessed.
Never doubting it would come,
I could almost hear him say:
' Mistress, food is scarce to-day."
And my heart made sad reply.
As the little dole I threw;
Strange that one so poor as I
Should have store enough for two!
Bobin. if the thing could be.
Would you throw a crumb to me?"
Not a sound disturbed the hush, ;
Save my own impatient sigh
Bobin to a neighboring bush
Darted off without good-bye.
How! you leave me, faithless bird.
As I waited for a word.
Ah ! I wronged that heart of flame ;
Through the silence, sweet and clear.
Forth his cheery carol came.
And I held my breath to hear.
For that dear familiar strain
Woke my better self again.
Twas a benediction sweet.
Chanted in a foreign tongue.
Like those graces after meat.
By the warbling scholars sung.
Where the reverend customs hold.
Handed down by men of old.
Did I dream that, as he sang.
Some one entered at the door.
That some childish laughter rang,
And small footsteps crossed the floor?
Who hath touched my lips with wine.
Mellow juice or Auld Lang Syne?
Suddenly the music ceased.
Yet the silence breathed of balm:
Art thou flown then, small hedge priest.
Somewhere else to raise the psalm?
" Man," the Master finely said,
Doth not live alone by bread."
A short time ago one of our greatest
living musicians received a visit from
an intimate friend, who had arrived un
expectedly from the country at a some
what early hour of the forenoon. When
admitted into the house the visitor at
once made way to the composer's study,
and, presuming on the close and cor
dial nature of their long-standing ac
quaintance, entered softly unannounc
ed. Sheetsof music-paper blacky scored,
covered the desk and the table, and
even overflowed on to the carpet tell
ing of a rich brain-harvest of harmony
reaped by the midnight pen. Bulky
manuscript-books lay open here and
there, and displayed their cabalistic
hieroglyphics, prisoned within "bars,"
like so many inky imps, grotesquely
struggling over the pages. The piano
was open; and a violin and bow, lying
in juxtaposition across their empty case,
seemed to indicate that the maestro's
ideas had taken audible form and ex
pression but a short time before.
But what was the maestro doing,
since his pen lay for the moment idle,
with its ebon blood oozing on the blotting-paper,
and violin and piano mute?
Pacing the room with knitted brow and
far-off eyes? Tearing his hair in a
fine frenzy of agonized inspiration?
Gqzing at the newly-risen sun in search
of the divine afflatus? Not just then,
at any rate. Standing with his face
turned a little away from the door, and
consequently unaware for several mo
ments of the presence of an intruder,
he was tossing three oranges, keeping
them all in the air at once, with a dex
terity of manipulation that a profession
al juggler might have envied,and which
betokened no inconsiderable amount of
practice. Now high, now low; now
faster, now slower; now apparently re
Tolving from one hand to the other in
regular rotation; now darting in and
out, backward and forward, with a
rapidity that seemed to trace yellow
circles and triangles before the bewil
dered eye, whirled the oranges; and
there, as gravely eager and intent upon
maintaining their motion as though it
were the weightiest concern of life,
stood the genius who had given opera
and oratorio to the world, and who had
touched the hearts of thousands .by his
wondrous invocation of wood and
wire with a power such as has been
vouchsafed to but few men.
An exclamation from the astonished
spectator at length broke the spell; the
vanges descended to the floor in an un
premeditated grouping; and the mu
sician turned in some confusion to
stammer out a greeting to the witness
of his feat of legerdemain. Feeling
that an explanation of the scene was
expected and to some extent necessary,
he presently volunteered it in these
" There is nothing which, once thor
oughly learned, is ever entirely forgot
ten; and nothing is ever learned use
lessly, provided that it be not in itself
immoral or prejudicial to the individual
or the community. Put anything care
fully awa they say of material ob
jects, and you will be sure to lind a use
for it before seven years are over. It
is just the same with every mental ac
quisition. True, our time may be put
out at better interest in some pursuits
than in others; and it is very likely
that the hours which I devoted to these
monkey tricks,1 as my parents and
other guardians not unjustly termed
them, when I was a boy, might have
been more profitablj' employed; but
they have served their turn, neverthe
less. At school, I was an adept in
amateur jugglery; and I believe that
it was to the perfect independence yet
harmony of the two hands, which such
a tour tie force as the one that j'ou sur-
Srised me in the execution of engen
ered, that I owe the ease with which
I mastered, almost at the outset of my
musical education, certain compositions
which are marked by difficult inequali
ties of time, and which usually con
stitute a great stumbling-block, not
only to beginners, but often to more
mature performers such, for instance,
as the concluding Vivace ' movement
of Beethoven's Sonatina in G, Op.79
More than that, it stands me in good
stead even now. After a long night's
work, as this has been, when I tiave
been writing music for many hours by
an artificial light, all earth, sea and air
seem ruled with five parallel lines, and
I behold men, not as trees, but as
crotchets and quavers walking. Then
I take up my three oranges for a few
minutes; and the rapid and incessant
shifting of the eyes from one to the
other brings relief and renovation to
the vision strained by monotonv. Play
properly chosen should in its 'kind be
an assistance to, not merely a relaxa
tion from, work."
And, indeed, we find this principle
exemplified not only in the private rec
reations of many great men which
have been made known to us, but in the
teaching of some of the most straijrht-1
forward and outspoken of them. On
the first of October several years ago
two eminent surgeons were "delivering
the introductory address to the students
at the opening of the medical schools
attached to their respective hospitals in
London for the winter session. One ad
wised his hearers to cultivate some me
chanical art, such "as wood-carving or
turning, or to habituate themselves to
tke use of carpenters' tools as -much
as possible, in order that they might
acmiire a digital dexterity and pliant
readiness of hand a tactual instinct, as
be termed it-which should belt them
to become skillful operators. The
other bade them devote their leisure
i to w .mmmm.Jt"
some musicaHnstrumeat with the same
object. While, by a curious coind
dence, a celebrated physician in Scot
land was at the same moment counsel
ing his youthful auditors to pursue the
study of music, not only as a healthful
change irom their graver labors, but in
order that the ear might be educated to
the delicacy of perception which would
be of great service to them in ausculta
tion with the stethoscope.
A renowned philosopher not long
dead is said to have delighted in con
juring tricks, and to have declared that
he could guage a stranger's character
better by the manner in which he took
or refused a "forced" card, than by an
hour's conversation with him; and as a
sort of corollary, and at the same time
a converse to this, it may be noted that
prestidigitators who are of necessity
close observers of hnman nature cer
tainly seem invariably to select with
out hesitation those who are best fitted
to serve their ends without suspicion,
from amongst an audience whom they
have never seen before.
There can be no doubt that many of
the minor details of work can be ac
quired or developed in sport; that play
may be the forerunner of bettered
work. Nor is this to be considered a
mere psychic conceit when we remem
ber that in perfection of minor detail is
summed up nine-tenths of excellence in
art Genius.or rather what is frequently
called genius, is only the residt of inde
fatigable perseverance and attention
to the lowest mechanical completeness.
What painter could hope to reach the
pinnacle of success who did not under
stand the process of properly mixing his
colors? a process no more 'artistic in it
self than that of a baker who compounds
a loaf. What musician has attained
to eminence who has not undergone
the drudgery of the scales, or plodded
through the Dryasdust mysteries of
thorough-bass and counteqomt? Above
all, where is the poet who knows not
Lindley Murray? Whately says that
words are pre-requisites of thought;
Dr. Angus goe3 further, and affirms
that " the thoughts we cannot express
are properly not yet ours."
Seeing, then, that iu play may be laid
the actual foundation of what is more
to be relied upon thangenius, anil with
out which genius itself is impotent, it be
hooves us to direct the pastime of those
over whom we have any control into
such grooves as will be conducive to the
greatest benefit in after years. Some
natural bent or aptitude may occasion
ally be indicated, and taken as a guide:
but as a rule, a healthy mind may bo
trained to success iu anything, if fol
lowed up in the one direction; just as
a healthy body will excel in pedestrian
ism, pugilism, swimming, wrestling, or
acrobatics, according to its education.
Purification by Torture.
The Hermanos penitents, a fanatical
religious sect, numbering about two
thousand, in the Territory of New Mex
ico, who believe in periodical atonemept
for sin by inflicting on the bodies ago
nizing tortures, were originally within
the Roman Catholic Church, but Arch
bishop Lamy, shocked by the barbarous
cruelties, promulgated a decree banish
ing them from the communion. Theii
numbers have greatly thinned since,
and they now inhabit principally but
four counties in the Territory. Great
care is taken to prevent the discovery
of their identity by spectators, and all
are masked while they conduct the an
nual penance. Devotees often travel
hundreds of miles to undergo prescribed
torture. Los Griegos, a small Mexican
village near Albuquerque, boasts a body
of penitents, a fact known only by the
brutal ceremonies taking place ihere
every year. This morning the ceremo
nies were inaugurated by the introduc
tion of a procession containing about
thirty men and women. The process oJ
purification by torture began at ten
o'clock. Five men naked to the waist,
barefooted, wearing black robes,
and hoods to completely conceal
their identity, were seen to issue
from the adobe lodge house
of the sect, led by the master of cere
monies carrying a veritable cat-o'-ninetails.
Two huge wooden crosses weigh
ing two hu ulred and fifty pounds each
were placed on the naked shoulders oi
two self-torturers. The sharp edge
cutting into the naked flesh caused th
blood to spurt out and drop to the
ground. One penitent produced a
e harp goad which he thrust into thr
flesh o? fellow-sufferers from time tc
time while the procession moved up the
street to a wild gibberish chant in Span
ish. Halting once, the crosses were
transferred to the other shoulders, atr
tendants applying the raw-hide whip
mercilessly, each blow taking off the
skin and bits of flesh. The procession
took its way to the goal, half a mile
away. During the march not a groan
was" heard or a word spoken, but just
before reaching the goal, a small aiobe
hut, an ordeal was encountered which
tried the nerve of the boldest Foi
some distance before the door cacti
plant had been strewn thickly on the
ground, and as the barefooted cross
bearers approached it one hesitated.
Instantly half a dozen whips de
scended on the bare shoulders, and
with a bound he sprang into the
cacti, his every step and follow
ers marked with blood. As the
torture grew more terrible, tht chant
grew louder and the thongs fell with
more vigor, iteaening the door ot the
house they were lost sight of. Snntinels
guarded the entrance, and only broken
whips and pools of blood, bore witness
to what transpired within. Issuing
from the house the procession re
formed, turned to the house of worship,
and so the horrifying exercises con
tinued, one batch of sentinels succeed
ing another until night, when the grand
procession and chant wound up the
exercises for the day. During these
marches to and from the House ol
Refuge, the sceuc at times was too sick
ening for description. Powerful men
submitted their bodies to most merciless
flagellation, until in some instances the
bare muscles were seen quivering at
even- blow. The whole proceedings
were a savage attempt to honor the
Easter season. Hitherto the law has
made no attempt to check the wild ex
ercises, although one penitent whe
threw another bearing the cross into the
river near San Juan and drowned him
was lynched by infuriated witnesses.
Recent Denver (Col.) Dispatch.
How a small convention was broken up
in a hurry is told by a down east exchange
as follows : "Oh, " "said Daisy to her mam
ma, "I was in the parlor last night
behind the sofa, when the preacuet
came in to see sister Katie, and they did
sit up too close for anything; an' the
preacher said: "Katie, dear, Iluvyou,'
an' Katie said: 4Oo, oo;' an" then the
preacher kissed her right smack in the
mouth, an' said: 'Dear Katie, how good
the Lord is to us poor sinners; an
Katie said: 'Oo, oo;' an' then an'
then" "Well," said her mamma,
"you wicked child, you wicked child,
what did you do?" "W'y, mamma, 1
felt so good, I blurted right out: Lct
us pray,' an' you ought to have aeeo
The coffee blight seems to be trav
ersing the globe. It has spread from
Ceylon and the Fiji Islands to BraxS,
where the loss is already so serious that
the Minister of Agriculture is making
every eflbrt to discover a means of stop
ping it. The product of one of the
largest plantations, which in the past
has regularly been more than two hun
dred tons annually. One theory at
tributes the blight to a minute parasite
at the root of the plant; another to ex
Juration of the soil through jugjbot.
Lies Abeat Snakes.
"Oncct mo an' m' son Jerry we was
i scttin' under a tree in our medder
svherc we'd been a hayin'. Me an'
ferry was a scttin' thar catin' of our
'bite' what th' ol' woman hed put in
th' basket for t' stay our stummicks till
dinner, when all t' oncct I see a snake
to a sailin' past. Sich a snake as thet
fer 't were a blacksnake I've never
ice afore. It were eighteen feet long b'
"Why, Jerry," said Judge Ridgway,
a blacksnake never grows beyond six
feet in length, never!
"Well, rt don't make no diff'ence;
this yerc snake were jest nineteen feet
iong, 'cause me an' Case measured it,
Jest t' satisfy ourselves," retorted the
"A moment ago you said it was
sighteen feet long, ' remarke'd Asher.
"I never said nothin' o' th' kind,
Asher; ye must 'a' been dreamin'. I
mid that th' snake was twenty feet
ong, an' that me an' Jerry measured it.
'Well, ez I were a tellin' of it, me an'
ferry we see this yere snake. By Jin
cers, pap,' sez Jerry, 'look't that
make! ' I sez t' him, sez I, I'll show
re a leetle trick, m' son,' sez I. Well,
jumps up an' made a dash arter th'
make an' grabbed it by th' end o' it3
ail. Well, ez I told ye oncet before,
Jiat snake were twenty-one foot long,
in' as big around as a man's leg. Jest
z soon ez th' snake felt me grab 'iin by
:h' tail, he turned 'round an' made fer
ne with mouth open an' eyes a spittin'
ire. Just ez Mister Snake was a goin'
,' bite me, I stuck th' end o' his tail in
lis mouth. I s'pose he thought he had
aie sure, for he shut his eyes tight an'
commenced a swallowing
" Well, he kept on a swallowing and
i swnllowing of himself, till fin'ly there
rt-asu't nothin' left o' that twenty-two
foot snake 'ceptin' his head, and then,
(est ez soon's I could git breath from
laflin', I up an' grabbed a rock an'
smashed his head t' pieces, an' thet's
th' end o' th' story, though I alters
think that jest ez I was a goin' t' smash
that thar head the snake's eyes opened
an' seemed t say t' me: 'VVell, Jerry
Greein', ye've played me fer a sucker
an' took "me in nice.' Yes, siree; that
snake looked as 'shamed o' bein'
"ooled as Asher did the dav he went t'
kick thet tramp out o' th' saloon an' he
jot so beautifully thrashed hisself.
" But I never see nobody so struck of
a heap as my boy Jerry was when he
?aw me make the snake swaller hisself.
4 Where did ye ketch on to that?' sez
he. Then I told him 'bout a snake ad
venture my Uncle Joseph oncet had
with a snake. His wife had gone over
in th ten-acre lot t' milk the black
heifer, an left th' baby in th' cradle.
It were in th' early spring, when snakes
is awful hungry an' they hain't par
tic'lar what they eat so long's it's fill
in'. But, as I was a remarkin'. Uncle
Joseph's wife hed gone t' milk th'
black heifer in th' ten-acre lot, an'
when Uncle Joseph went into th' house
he see something thet made his hair
stand straight on end. Thar was the
baby lyin' asleep in th' cradle, an' right
longside o th' cradle was a snake ez
big round ez a barrel. Afore he could
jrrab anything t' kill th' snake with he
was just paralyzed with fear, fer, jest
ez he was a gettin' his gun ready t'
shoot th' reptile, th' snake opened his
mouth and swallowed th' cradle, babv
" Yes, sir, it's th' gospel truth, th'
snake swallowed th' whole thing an'
commenced movin' out o' the door.
Uncle Joseph was so s'prised thet the
snake hed gone some distance afore he
could grab th' ax an' follow it. He
chased th' critter, though, an' finally
killed it. He cut th' snake open with
th' hatchet, an' there he found th' baby
sound asleep in th' cradle. Ye see, th'
queer motion snakes makes when they
crawl had kept th' cradle a rockin' an'
th' baby was asleep and well." Detroit
There is always something romantic
and interesting connected with the dis
covery of the principal mines of the
world, and the reader never tires of the
recital of the little incidents and advent
ures leading to the finding of a big bo
nanza The famous mines of Potosi
were discovered by an Indian herder.
In chasing a mountain goat he pulled a
bush out of the ground, to the fibers of
which a quantity of silver globules were
attached. He concealed iris discovery
for a season, but his sudden display of
wealth excited the attention of his
Spanish masters, and under torture he
was forced to reveal the locality of the
precious deposit. These mines have
yielded to date the enormous sum of
$2,000,000,000. To appreciate the
magnitude of this sum we may say that
it exceeds the amount extracted from
the bonanza mines of the Comstock
lode twenty times that is, that for ev
ery dollar the bonanzas yielded the
mines of Potosi yielded twenty; or in
Western parlance, "Potosi has seen the
dollar of the bonanzas and gone nine
teen dollars better.'4 No wonder Spain
became such a wealthy country in the
sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
There were lots of Floods, Mackays, and
other bonanza kings in those days.
In 1858 Comstock, of the Comstock
lode, visited San Francisco and endeav
ored to enlist capital to develop his
mines. He went up and down Front
street begging our merchant princes of
that day to aid him, saying that he had
a mountain of silver-ore on the eastern
slope of the Sierras. They laughed at
him, and he received the name of
44 crazy Comstock." He returned to
his mountain home without a dollar,
and it was reserved for Grass Valley
men Judge Walsh, George Hearst,
Joel Clark, and others to be the chief
instruments in making the wealth of the
famous lode known to the world.
In 18 38 a Shoshone Indian, in con
sideration of a square meal and a bot
tle of whisky, guided John Turner,
Applegarth, and others to the summit
of Treasure Hill, in the White Pine
District, and there unfolded to their
gaze the riches of the Eberhart mine.
Some of this ore was so rich that a
nail could be driven into it as into a
bar of lead. From a chamber in this
mine big enough to turn a stage coach
and horses around in over $o,000,000
was extracted. The Indian has been
an important factor in mine discov
eries, both in South America and on
our own continent. The great wealth
of Tabor, the millionaire miner of
Colorado, arose from $175 worth of
grub furnished by him to some Lead
ville miners. These men discovered
the celebrated Little Pittsburg, Chrys
olite, and other mines, and brought
into prominence a camp which has
added nearlv $100,000,000 to the
world's wealth since 1879. In 1879
fioniw D Robinson was a store-keener
in Lcadville with a stock of goods
titiutu at auuui v,vw. vut uj uu
44 grub-staked " a miner with $60
worth of provisions. The prospector
sallied forth and soon afterward dis
covered the celebrated Robinson mine
of Ten-Mile District, near Lcadville,
and Robinson realized $1,000,000 by his
trifling investment of the sum of $60.
In 1879 Southeastern Arizona was
given over to the red and ruthless
Apache, and was supposed to be defi
cient in mineral wealth. But a daring
miner, Edward Scbicffelin, penetrated
the region and brought out the news of
good ore and plenty of it. His sole cap
ital was $150, but to-day he is a million
aire. His spirit is, however, unsubdued,
and sighing like Alexander for other
worlds to conquer, he has sailed to the
Arctic, and has there discovered rich
diggings on the headwaters of the Yu
kon River. Alaska will receive a thor
ough exploration this summer. As
soon as the country is released from the
icy embrace of winter the adventurous
miners and prospectors will strike a
bee-line for the new country. Rock of
almost fabulous wealth is exhibited in
this city, coming from Alaska, and
stories are told of ledges one hundred
feet wide full of free gold. Who knows
but Humboldt's prophecy, that in the
nor'h the great matrix of gold is to be
found, may be verified this year? Cer
tain it is that the mines of Siberia have
yielded an average of $22,000,000 a year
for the last seventy years, and their
product is greater now than ever. San
Death in the Stocking.
Every now and then of late one hears
of cases of fatal poisoning from wear
ing colored stockings, but the rage for
bnght-hued hose continues undimin
ished, and the demand for the most in
jurious shades shows no sign of falling
off. Fashion rules the feminine world
with powerful sway, and, as a promi
nent hosiery manufacturer put it this
morning, "women will be in the style
even if they know they run enormous
risks." It is not our fault," he said,
"if what we sell them poisons them.
We must supply the demand or go out
of business. We would much prefer to
make only the standard goods, but fan
cy hosiery is worn now by almost every
body, and the cry for new colors is loud
and" emphatic. "We must follow the
manufacturers of dress goods. When a
new hue or tint becomes popular in
silks or woolens we must have some
thing in stockings to match it. Perhaps
this particular fancy can not be reached
without the use of poisonous dyestuffs.
The dealers don't care and the wearers
don't know. Even if they did the prob
abilities are that they would cry for the
goods just as loudly. In ourstock here
we have thirty-six different colors, and,
while we pride ourselves that they are
all 'fast,' and warrant them as such,
there are of course some of 'the shades
that will come off. It can't be helped.
The very best grade of goods gives ofl
some color when the feet of the wearer
perspire, and it is idle to say they don't.
We are particular to use the finest
yarns, the most carefully dyed and least
injurious, but some of them are really
dangerous for all that." "What colors
do the most damage?" was asked.
"The greens. There is no question
that green stockings of any shade are
liable to poison the wearer. Of course a
great deal depends upon the quality of
hosiery. If it is cheap the more
likely it is to poison you. Poor dye
stuffs are used and the color rubs oft
readily. But even the best is far from
safe. For my own part, I wouldn't
wear a stocking with a tiny pin stripe
of green in it. You see some people
are more sensitive to poison than others.
Some can rub the leaves of a poison
vine all over their faces and hands and
not be affected in the least, whereas
others can not go near where such vines
are growing without having their faces
swelled to an enormous size and their
hands looking like boiled lobsters. So
it is when they wear colored stockings.
Thin-skinned people who wear green
hose are apt to get the poison into their
blood; their limbs and feet become in
flamed and swollen, and if they do
not speedily do something to arrest
the spread of the poison death
will very likely ensue. Now this
happens more often than any one has
an idea of. I believe that many cases
of small-pox can be traced to the wear
ing of colored stockings. The blood
becomes poisoned and this infectious
disease is the result. Sometimes, even
when the skin is not thin, poison may
get into the blood through a scratch";
or, as is often the case, the skin becomes
rubbed from the heel and the dye
makes its way through the chafed
place. Black " stockings, in dyeing
which logwood is the principal material
used, are also very injurious. These
are very popular now with ladies, and
where the very highest-price grades aro
used the chances of poisoning are small,
but the cheaper line of goods arc dan-
ororniis. TJn nnlnr nihi Aft" as ilons this
black. It is almost impossible to get a
black dye that will not come oft' on the
feet the first time the stockings are
worn. If the dye is poisonous look out!
There is little danger to be feared from
red and blue and brown stockings.
Cor. Philadelphia Bulletin.
The Taming of the Shrew.
Opposite your correspondent at a
table in a Cornhill restaurant at dinner
recently sat a man from Cambridge,
who was a native of New Hampshire.
Meeting an old acquaintance, the con
versation soon turned on family topics,
and the pair began to talk about their
former neighbors in a most famiUar
way. "Yes," remarked the Cam
bridge gentleman, " Sara was in many
respects different from the rest of the
boys. You remember who he married?
Well, when the old man, his father,
found that he was shinin' round with
her, he called him one day in the barn
and said: 4Sam, d'ye intend to marry
Beckie?' Sam never said a word, so
the old man said: ' Me boy, ye know
all about them. I can't tell ye nothin'.
Ye know how the sisters has turned
out, and not one of them is now livin'
with their husbands.' Sam was as
mum as a pantomime, and just as soon
as he was ready he and Beckie got tied.
"They lived on a farm, and every
thing went on smooth for about a year,
and it came to hog-butcherin' time.
Sam got all ready to have the usual
party for the occasion, and just as he
was'sharpenin' up the knives Beckie
came out and said: Sam, I'm goin'
home.' Sam protested in his quiet way,
but it was no use, so he said he'd get a
man to row her across the pond. It
was about half a mile over. She said:
4No ye won't; ye'll row me over yer
self !' Sam told her he couldn't, and
Beckie fired up and said: 'Then I'll
drown myself. Sam said he'd go
with her if she wanted to do that So
the boat was got ready, she got in, and
they rowed out till the water was twenty
feet deep. Then Sam stopped and said :
Well, Beckie, this is a good place for
ye to drown yerself !' She didn't open
her mouth. He waited awhile and then
said: 'Come, Beckie, I'm in a hum' to
git back.' She never looked up. Sam
put down the oars, caught hold of her,
and pitched her in. She grabbed for
the boat, but he wouldn't let her get
near it. When she was almost done
out she said: 'Sam, let me in that boat
and ye'll not hear anything more from
me out o' the way.'
"So he pulled her in, and they went
back home. She changed her clothes
and entertained the guests. They're
now nearly eighty, ana you never saw
a happier old couple did you? I don't
think they ever spoke of that duckin'
since the" day she was goin' to drown
herself." Boston Letter.
A number of people in New York
and vicinity have been very much ex
ercised because of certain national bank
bills being dated on Sunday. It seems
that the charters of a number of banks
expired on the 25th of February, and
the new bills were given that date. It
was not noticed at the time that the
day fell on Sunday. Some of the hold
ers of these bills were so firmly con
vinced that they were worthless that
they got the opinions of legal gentle
men. They ascertained that there is
no Federal law affecting contracts made
on Sunday, and the bills are just aa
good as if made on any other day.
Miss Verdant, of Verdantville,
bought a "letter-writer," and then
wrote an indignant letter to the book
seller because she had to write th let
The "Promised Land.
I was once crossing a scries of undu
lating ranges abutting on Mount Hcrmon
with an English tourist who was making
merry at the utterly barren appearance
of the "promised land." It turned out,
however, that his attempted wit served
o sharpen our observation, and we found
that all the hill-sides had once been ter
raced by human hands. A few miles
further on we came to Rasheiya, where
the vineyards still flourish on such ter
races, and we had no difficulty in coming
to the conclusion that the bare terraces,
from which lapse of time had worn away
the soil, were once trellised with the vine,
the highest emblem of prosperity and joy.
Similar terraces were noticed by Drake
and Palmer in the Desert of Judea, far
from any modern civilization. It is rash
to infer that because a place is desolate
now, it must always have been so, or
must always remain so. The Arab his
torian tells' us that Salah-ed-Din, before
the battle of Hattin, set fire to the for
ests, and thus encircled the Crusaders
with a sea of flame. Now there is
scarcely a shrub in the neighborhood.
In wandering through that sacred land,
over which the Crescent now waves, ono
is amazed at the number of ruins that
stud the landscape, and show what
must once have been the natural fer
tility of the country. Whence has
come the chauge? Is the blight natural
and permanent, or has it been caused
by accidental and artificial circum
stances, which may be ouly temporary?
Doubtless, each ruin has its tale of
horror, but all trace their destruction to
Islamism, and especially to the blighting
and desolating presence of the Turk.
That short, thick, beetle-browed, bandy
legged, obese man that so many fresh
tourists tiud so charming, is a Turkish
official. He and his ancestors have ruled
the land since 1517. A Wilberforce in
sentiment, he is the representation of
"that shadow of shadows for good Ot
man rule. The Turks, whether in their
Pagan or Mohammedan phase, have
only appeared on the world's scene ti
destroy. No social or civilizing art
owes any tiling to the Turks but progress
ive debasement aiid decay. That heap
of stones, in which you trace the foun
dations of temples and palaces, where
now the owl hoots and the jackal lurks,
was once a prosperous Christian village.
Granted that the Christianity was pure
neither in creed nor ritual; yet it had,
even in its debased form, a thew and
sinew that brought prosperity to its pos
sessors. The history of that ruin is the
history of a thousand such throughout
the empire. Its prosperity led to its
destruction. The insolent Turk, re
strained by no public opinion, and
curbed by no law, would wring from
the villagers the fruits of their labor.
Oppression mnke3 even wise men mad,
and the Christians, goaded to maduess,
turned on their oppressors. Then fol
lowed submission on promise of forgive
ness. The Christians surrendered their
arni3 and the Hashing cimeter of Islam
fell upon the defenseless, and the place
became a ruin amid horrors too foul to
nan-ate. Contemporary Review.
Outcome of a Spelling School.
A graduate from the High School in
this city had a call from a country school
about two hundred miles north of De
troit, and he went his way provided with
several written recommends and a whole
cart-load of enthusiasm. He found the
school house to be a one-story affair
made of logs and large enough to hold
thirty scholars in case the teacher stood
in the door. When school commenced
the score of scholars could only muster a
geography printed in 1848, an arithmetic
a few days younger, a dozen leaves of a
speller and the half of a broken slate.
The teacher, however, went to work
to hammer knowledge into their cranl
ums, and he had convinced most of them
that the world was round, and that the
sun neither rose nor set in that country,
when it came time to have a spelling
school. For convenience sake it was held
in a big barn, and the turn-out included
everybody from the boy who spelled
"corn" the same as "horse," for con
venience sake, to the old man who always
put "inhaist" on his letters to his brother
It wasn't much of a contest until the
last half-dozen towered aloft. "Catarrh' '
and "photograph" laid em out by the
dozens, and when only the champions
were left "Constantinople" floored all
but two like a bolt of lightning. Then
came the word "pai-asite." One ren
dered it "parysight," and the other
gave it "perrysytc," and when the
teacher shook his head ono cried out:
"I'vo writ that word over a hundred
times, and I guess I know!"
"And I've seen 'em every day of my
life for forty years, and I don't sit down
for anybody!" added the other.
"It is parasite," replied tho teacher.
"I dispute it!"
"So do I."
"That's the way Webster gives it?"
"Yes, trot him out."
Then the friends of either rose up. In
the shindy the teacher came in for two
black eyes, a cracked rib, kicks on the
shin and bites ou the ears, and the min
ute he could get clear and over the fence
he headed for Detroit and reached home
in want of so many repairs that it took
two months to make him presentable.
He had a few dollars due him, and he
left a change of clothes up there, but he
doesn't want to hear from the directors.
They may consider that he has resigned,
and any parasite desiring the situation
can have the vacancy without paying
bonus. Detroit Free Press.
Teachers of Grammar
A scholarly knowledge of the science
of grammar, for instance, is not specially
advantageous to the teacher whose sole
business, as an instructor in grammar,
is to impart to the 3oung an under
standing knowledge of first principles.
What is the object of gramatical instruc
tion in a common school? Certainly to
inform the young that language has
certain laws of construction; to teach
the correct use of words and proper dis
position of sentences; to prepare the
pupil for the higher departments of
training, whose province it is to teach
the forms of correctly worded and com
posed writing. The object of grammati
cal instruction is certainly not to inform
the pupil that there ii a science of
grammar; in a word, it is not to teach
him grammar, but to teach him English
to make him intelligent as far as
elementary grammar instruction can do
Who is the best teacher in any given
branch for example, grammar? It is
not necessarily he who has every gram
matical rule stored in his memory. A
teacher may be thoroughly skilled in the
science of grammar, but lack every
pedagogic ability to impart his informa
tion. In this case he will be a goed
grammarian but a very poor grammati
The best teacher of grammar must, JP
the first place, know what he is totejak,
why he teaches it and what is the object
of teaching it In the second place, he
must have a good plan of feanrilMr
grammar; he must know how to teaM
it in order that his pupils may learn ana
profit by what he knows. In the third
place, he must be able to teach it; he
must have the pedagogic' ability t in
struct his pupils in grammar so that ft
knowledge of grammar 'will be useful t
them. Cincinnati Commercial GtdttU.
Speaking of a doubtful man in Mel
ety, the New York Commerciql AjfwT"
liser says so long as he has got ingots it
makes no difference how he got in.
America, Miss Emily Faithful
is far ahead of the old wprldjh
ine the field of work and edfieat
SCHOOL AND CHURCH.
Dr. Meredith has a Bible class in
Tremont Temple, Boston, which had
more than 2.000 members a few days
The New York Tribune has a rat
tling article against the vicious system
of crammiug large masses of undigested
tacts into the heads of our public school
children. Ignorance is preferable to the
evils of such a system.
It does not follow that a girl has
entirely finished her education Decause
she has, as one said lately, been through
the "nominal" school "and ciphered
clear through from simple ambition to
chemical fractures." If. T. Herald.
Yung Wing," the new Chief Magis
trate of the city of Shanghai, is a Chris
tian and has an American wife. . He is
a graduate of Yale College, and the
original promoter of the scheme of edu
cating Chinese boys in the United States.
Political economy is said to be the
one subject in which no Harvard student
fails to elect a course during the three
years in which he is allowed a choice of
studies. Ten years ago there were
seventy-one students of political econo
my, while this year there aro 210.
The fire drill is being practiced in
several of the public schools in Toronto,
Canada, it is said, with excellent effect.
The children are roiuired, on the alarm
being given, to leave theirseats in order,
divide into two lines, one at each side of
the room, and at the exit meet and
march out two abreast
Missouri has next to Indiana, the
largest amount of permanent fuuds de
voted to school purposes in the Union.
They aggregate $9,471,696, not includ
iag the annual apportionment of State
revenue. The State has a school popu
lation of 741,632, and of this number
438,000 are enrolled in the public
schools. There are 8,822 schools in
operation, conducted by 10,607 teachers,
and last year $3,568,4:3 were expended
upon these schools. Detroit Post.
It is not often that a country church
has more than ordinary luck with the
contribution basket. Once in a while,
however, the church gets even with the
penurious hearer. In Huntingdon last
Sunday a man accidentally dropped the
contents of his purse on the church floor
just as the contribution box was passing
him, and the liberal-hearted man who
sat in the next pew gathered up a hand
ful of silver and filled the basket A
cheerful giver is a joy to the country
church. Philadelphia Times.
Notwithstanding all that has been
said about the dignity of the common
school teachers, their pay remains, on
an average, below that of ordinary me
chanics. The average monthly salary
is 67.54 for men and $30.59 forwomen.
in Massachusetts, against 32.36 tor
men and $28.42 for women, in Penn
sylvania In Alabama the monthly pay
of white teachers is $20.96; Kentucky
and North Carolina, $21.25. But iu
Nevada it is $101.40 for men and $77
for women; in California, $80.26 for men
and $64.73 for women. The 47,200
common.school teachers of Prussia re
ceive, on an average $282 per annum,
besides a house and fuel. Chicago
Inasmuch as the course of true love
never did run smooth, wouldn't it be a
pious idea for Congress to make an ap
propriation for the stream of love?
A man, lately married, was asked
at the club about his bride. "Is she
pretty?" "No," replied he "she is
not "but she will be when her father
Some men are ever ready to offer a
remedy for everything. The other day
we remarked to one of these animated
apothecary shop3: "An idea struck us
3'esterday and before we could finish
he advised us: "Rub the affected parts
with arnica. Ilarfivell (Qa.) Sun.
The average age of different men is
put down thus: Merchants, fifty-five;
plrysicians and lawyers, fifty-eight; farm
ers, sixty-one; clergymen, sixty-four,
and great geniuses, sovonty-five. It will
be observed from the above that the
journalistic professiou tends to longevity.
Poem on Bells
The cry is heard on every band
To stop the church bolls ringing;
But it would be quite as uuwise
As if they'd stop the sinking-.
Say what you want about the noiM
This fnct is worth repeating:
It is the belles, nnd nothing less.
That call younx men to meeting.
N. Y. Stai.
A company of gentlemen, who were
dining at an inn, inquired if the turkey
that was served to them was fresh.
"Fresh is it!" said the Irish waiter,
JHuntily. "Faith, it's not six hours
since that turkey was walking around
on his own rale estate, with hi3 hands in
his pockets, never draining what an
urgent invitation he'd have to jine you
gentlemen at dinner."
Extract from a modern novel: "She
had thrown her heart at his feet, only
to be rejected. What greater punish
ment cau any woman have to hear?"
Well, he might have picked up her heart,
carried it home and given it to his dog.
Or he might have put his foot upon it
and gr-r-r-rouud it into the dust Or,
worse still, he might have lifted it up
.tenderly, placed it in his coat-tail pock
et, married her the next day and made
her work in a shirt factory while he
fooled away his time and money in a
pool room. That would have been some
thing like punishment The Judge.
He was a depositor in a Rochester
savings bank. He entered the institu
tion the other morning and timidly in
quired "Is the Cashierin the city?" "O,
yes, he's at his window." "And is the
Treasurer around?" " He is." "And
the President?" The President is
in his office." "Has the bank
been speculating in oil, wheat, cot
ton or mines" "No, sir." "And
if I were to present my book could
1 draw tho four dollars I have on
deposit?" "You could." "Well, that
takes a great burden off my mind,"
sighed the stranger, as he walked out
with greatly improved looks. Rochester
(AT. T.) Democrat.
The ancient church of Birdbrook, En
gland, which has just been reopened
after important restorations, contains a
monumental slab bearing this extraor
dinary record: "Martha Blewitt, of
Swan Inn, at Baythorne-cnd, in this
parish, buried May 7, 1681. She was
the wife of nine husbands consecutively,
but the ninth outlived her." The entry
in tho register is quaint: "Mary Blew
itt, ye wife of nine husbands successively,
buried eight of ym, but last of all ye
woman dy'd allsoe, and was buried May
7, 1681." In the margin is written:
"This was her funerale sermon text"
The same tiblet records that Robert
Hogan was the husband of seven wives
The Messenger ef tke Sea.
The Vice Consul for Sweden and Nor
way at Bordeaux, Mr. Gundersen, sug
gests that tha time-honored bottle as a
means of sending messages from the sea
should be replaced by the small red bal
lons which at present serves no better
purpose than to delight children and
torment everybody else. They will float
rapidly before the wind, keep their eon
tents dry, and are a noticeable object at
considerable distance. One of them
was recently thrown overboard from one
of Mr. Gundersen's ships which was
ashore near Dover, and two hours later
the letter was posted Dover by an un
known hand. It is quite possible that
guch balloons, made of tougher material
than those sold to children the world
over, might gju:ful.
Daily Express Trains for Omalin, Cnl
coo, Kansas City. St. Loiiit, aud aU poiuts
East. Through core via i'rorln to !nllun--AlxiU.
Klokut Pullman l'utart- t'ar aud
Day coaches on all through trains, and
Illnln;; Tsir. east of Missouri Itiver.
TbrouRh Tickets et thotowrat Katos nro on salv nt all tho important stations, ami
bappigo -will l-o chpcl;o.l to destination. Any information as to ratca, route or timo tnblea
will Ikj chwrfully furnished uiwu ni'ilicutiun t. uny ?" 'r to
1 S. EUSTIS, oViural Ticket Agent. Omaha. Kob.
Chicago Weekly News.
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State A Monroe Sts.. Chicago.
WM in JtTU to y Uinm litir
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auu auvauiag?3 unoqnxiieu cuownuro.
SEDUCTION IN PEICE.
AW oner the .Iouicxai. in combination
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.Magniiicen'. Plate Kngraxinsrof DI'PUK'n
lat Great Painting. !."" 'MIK .11 KA
IIOWV now on exhibition in New York,
and offered for sale at 5.T.OOO. "
Toe eminent Artist, K. S. CHIMU II,
writing to a friend iu the country last
October, tint- al'iides to this Picture:
'. 1 was delighted this morning to
see otfered as a Premium a reproduction
of a very beautiful Picture, " I Till-:
HI K A MOW," by Dupre. This Picture
is an Kducator "
This superb engraving lTi by VI inches,
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We offer The "Weekly Graphic in
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For ::.!K) it year iu advance.
Buckeye Mower, combined, Self
Binder, wire or twine.
Pumps Repaired ou .short notice
32JOne door we.-t of ileinli's Drug
Store, Ilth Street, Columbus Neb. s
net, life is sweeping by,
go and dare before you
die, something mighty
ami uoiiu)c leave beuind
ci'iiiiiicr time. $ a week in your own
town, i't outfit free. No risk. Every
thing new. Capital not required. AV'e
will furnish you everything. Many are
making fortunes. Ladiet make as much
as lucii, and boy and girls make great
pay. Reader, if you want bu.-ine.-s at
which you can make great pay all the
time, write for particulars to II. Hallett
fc Co.. Portland. Maine. ai-y
U I fJ now be
' not iu
ek made at home by the
inous. iscst business
efore the public. Capital
eeded. AVe will start
you. Men, women, boys and girls want
ed everywhere to work for us. Now is
the time. You can work in spare tinie,or
give your whole time to the business.
No other busiues will pay you nearly as
well. No one cau fail to make enormous
pay, by engaging at once. Costly outtit
and terms free. Money made fast, easily
and honorably. Addcss Trus & Co.,
Augusta, Maine. 31-y,
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