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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (May 30, 1883)
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ISSCED EVKRY WEDNESDAY,
NE. 15:. TTTRSTER & CO.,
Proprietors and Publiilieri.
MATES OP ADTEBT191.1C.
ETBnsineas and professional cards
of five lines or less, per annum, five
J3 For time advertisements,, apply
at this office.
7Lgal advertisements at statu
ZSTTor transient advertisinf, s
rates on third pace.
2I"A1I advertisements payable
23" OFFICE. Eleventh St., up ftairs
in Journal Building.
VOL. XIV.-N0. 5:
COLUMBUS, NEB., WEDNESDAY MAY 30, 1883.
WHOLE NO. 6S1.
On Thirteenth St., and Nebraska Ave.,
over FriedhoCs store.
sgrOfic &ours, S to 12 a. m. ; 1 to 3 p. m.
Oli.a AshbaCOH, Dentist.
lORKLlIS Jt SUalVAJi,
.1 TTORN'EYS-A 1-LA W,
Cp-stairs in Gluck Building, 11th street,
A!x-thf New bank.
2T0TA RY P UBLIC,
12th Street, i do.ir west or lUmmond Hum,
C-dmnhus. Neb. M-Y
tr. .it. . -rin: Karros,
Oili.-e ver corner of 11th and North-st.
All operation- Srst-cl-i-s mil warranted.
fy KKU KEEUEB,
.1 TTOKXEYS A T LA W.
OAW on uliv -t.. luml)U, Nebraska.
1 (i. A. HI 'LLHoR.-T, A. iU M. D-,
0J1EOPA Til I C PR YSl CI AN,
-STTwo Block- -uiuh of Court House.
Telephone communicution. '-l7
V. A. MACKEN,
Wines, Li.juors. Ciaar. Porters, Ales,
e'r , ec
Olive -troet, n-xt w F.r-t National Bank.
A TTORNE YS AT LA IT,
unW up-sUir- in M.-.Vlll-ter's build
in' 11th t. W. A. M.Alli-ter. -Notary
J. M. MACK.KLA"I.
B. R. COVVDRUY,
LVW AND (0LLEUT10X OFFICE
MACPARLAND 4 COWDBRX.
CltiMb. - Nebraska.
EO. ."V- DEKKV,
J5Tt .trria'e. house and -i2n painting,
lazinz. p.ir liaiiziuir, kuL-oniining, etc.
dont- to ortier. sh-.p on lth St., opposite
P.nine FIu-.-. l.iin,)U-. N'eb. 10-y
llth St., opposite Linde'.l Hotel.
elN Harue-.-'. saddle-. Collar-, Whips.
Blanket-.' uri C omb-. Brushes, trunk.-,
valise-, t-iisrav ti-.p. .j-hion.-. ctrriatre
trnnnun-. .Vc at the low.--1 uoible
prii-i-s. K ;air- pi uip lv a:renled tc.
Real Estate Agent,
Genoa, Nance Co.. Neb.
-TTT-ILD LAM- and improved farm
XT for -ale. i orre-pondeuce -olicit-eil.
Oiliee ill Yi umr building, up-stair-.
1 . fJARK.
LAND AND IN SI RAN CE AGENT,
His land- eompn-e some line tracts
in the -h-2! Creek Valley, and the north
ern portion oj PI ti- county. Taxes
paid for non-resident.. satisfaction
guaranteed. 20 y
pOLOlBIS PACKLUG CO-,
COL UMB US, - XEB.,
Paeker- and Dealer- in all kinds of Hog
product, ea-h paid for Live or Dead Hog
Directors. K. H Henry. Pre-t.; John
AVigius. el. and Treas.; L. Gerrard, S.
VOTICE TO TEACHERS.
J. E. Moncrief, Co. Supt.,
Will be in his office st the Court House
on the third Saturday of each
month for the purpose of examining
applicant- for teacher'- certificates, and
for the tran-actton f any other buine-s
pertaining to school. c6T-y
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER.
Plans and estimates -upplied for either
frame or brick building-. Good work
guaranteed. Shop on l.'5th Street, near
St. Paul Lumber Yard. Columbn. Ne
braska. 52 '!mo.
Liverv and Feed Stable.
1- prepared to furnish the public w'th
good team-, busie- and carriages forall
occasions, e-pecially for funerals. Al-o
conduct- a sale tabfe. 44
D.T. Martin. M. D.
F. SCHCrt. M. D
Deut3cher Artz. i
Drs. MAETYX & SCHTJG,
U. S. Examining Surgeons,
Local Surgeon-. Union Pacific and
o., N". .t B. H. R. R's.
COLUMBUS. - NEBRASKA.
JS. MURDOCK & SOX,
Carpenters and Contractors.
Have had an extended experience, and
will suarantee satisfaction in work.
All kinds of repairing done on short
notice. Our motto is. Good work and
fair prices. Call and give us an oppor
tunity toeatimateforyou. j3?"S,bop on
13th St one door we-t of Friedhof jc
CoTs. store, Columbus. Nebr. 483-v
"DTXTCTnVCTO1-1- Soldiers that
X -LiiNOlVjNOwere disabled by
wounds, di-ease, accident or otherwise,
widows, mothers and fathers of soldiers
dying in the service or afterwards, from
causes which originated while in the ser
vice, are entitled" to a pension. New and
honorable discharges obtained for sol
diers. Iacreas of PeaSoa ob
tained at any time when the disability
warrants it. Ail soldiers who were ratiu.
too low are entitled loan increase of pen
sion. Rejected snd abandoned claims a
specialty. Circulars free. Address, with
stamp, 3T. V. TIERNE Y", Box 4S3, Wash
ETGTOX, D. C. 45-12tt
Suurat: 3mri ft 3m1 iol Tiner 4 Hale
Leaxder Gerhard, Pres'C.
Geo. W. Hulst, Ftcc Pre7.
Julius A. Reed.
Edward A. Gcreard.
Abxer Turner, Cashier
Harnk f Deposit, DicttMai
Cllectio Promptly made om
Pay laierettt Tisae Depe.
Eleventh.Street, opposite the
Ha on hand a full assortment of
CROCKERY & GLASSWARE,
Pipes, Cigars andTstacto.
Highest price paid for Country Produce.
Uoods delivered in city.
GIVE rE A CTA1L1L.!
H. LITERS & CO,
mt Brick Shop opposite Hrlntz's Orux torr.
ML KINDS OF WOOD AND IRON WORK ON
WAGONS AND 3UGGIES DONE
ON SHORT NOTICE.
Eleventh Street, Columbus, Nebraska.
S. J. MARMOY, Frop'r.
Nebraska Ave., South of Depot,
A new house, newly furnished. Good
accommodations. Board by day or
week at reasonable rates,
j3TOt a Flrnt-ClaMN Table.
Meals, ... 25 Cta. Lodgings... 25 Cts.
OMAHA WEEKLY BEE.
since the distribution of premiums is
over and our Premium List closed until
next vear. we are vet anxious to-increase
the circulation of the WEEKLY BEE to
uch a number as to greatly reduce the
cost of the paper and to furnish it to our
subscribers at a mere nominal price. In
order to do so, we oner the same for the
balance of the vear. from now until Janu
ary 1st, 1SS4, fo"r ONE DOLLAR. This is
the lowest price ever asked tor any west
ern journal of the size, and all should
avail themselves of this liberal offer.
THE BEE PUBLISHING CO.
50-1 Oaaha, 3ieb.
Restaurant and Saloon!
E. D. SHEEHAN, Proprietor.
ISTTVTiolesale nd Retail Dealer in For
eign Wines, Liquors and Ciirars, Dub
lin Stout. Scotch and English Ales.
'Kentucky Whiskies a Specialty.
OYSTERS in their season, by the case
can or dish.
lit Strt. Smtk f Dcyet.
people are always on the
lookout for chances to
increase their earnings,
and in time become
wealthy: those who do not improve their
opportunities remain In poverty. We
offer a great chance to make money. We
want manv men, women, boys and trirls
I to work for us right in their own localities
Any one can do the work properly from
the" first start. The ''usines will pay
more than ten times ordinary wajjes. Ex
pensive outfit furnished. No one who
engages fails to make money rapidly. You
can devote your whole time to the workT
or only your spare moments. Full infor
mation and all that is needed sent free.
Address STDiSONi Co., Portland, Maine.
Our large 6AKDE.1
Ttflinhlp. Smla is Hail
I Free aTC We offer the Latest Nov
elties in SEED POTATOES. Corn.
Uoats and Wheat, and the Beit Collectum
of Vesetable, Flower, Grass and Tree
SEED. Everything is tested. Address
COLE BIO, Seedmea, PEL.
LA, IOWA. 45-eow-4p
Per week to live acents. Something new.
Sells on sight. The Tkvflk or Lurx;
representing- the. Past, Present xncL Fu
ture. A fine lithograph! 'Fn six'eleeant
Unti. Size 22x33. Send atamp for circa.
nun a- w w. !
OFFICERS SD DIRECTORS.
A. ANDERSON. Fres'U
SAM'L C. SMITH. Vice Pres't.
O. T. ROEN, Cashier.
J. W. EARLY".
W. A. MCALLISTER.
Foreign and Inland Exchange. Passage
Tickets, Real Estate. Loan aud Insurance.
BECKER & WELCH,
SHELL CHEEK MILLS.
MANUFACTURERS AND WHOLE
SALE DEALERS IN
FLOUR AND MEAL.
OFFICE. COL UMB US. NEB.
SPE1CE & NORTH,
General Agents for the Sale of
Union Paeiric, and Midland Pacific
R. R. Lands for sale at from $3.00 to $10.00
per acre for cash, or on five or ten years
time, in annual payments to suit pur
chasers. We have also a large and
choice lot of other lands, improved and
unimproved, for sale at low price and
on reasonable terms. Also busine? and
residence lots in the city. We keep a
complete abstract of title to all real es
tate in Platte County.
CITY PBOpEBTY M SALE,
Union Pacfic Land Office,
On Long Time and low rate
All wishing to buy Rail Road Lands
or Improved Farms will riud it to their
advantage to call at the U. P. Land
Office before lookin elsewhere as I
make a specialty of buying and selling
lands on commi-sion; all persons wish
ing to sell f.irma or unimproved land
will find it to their advantage to leave
their lands with me far sale, as my fa
cilities for affecting sales are unsur
passed. I am prepared to make Una!
proof for all parties wishing to get a
patent for their homesteads.
23Henry Cordes, Clerk, writes and
SAMUEL C. SMITH,
Agt. U. P. Land Department,
d2I-v COLUMBUS. NEB.
DEALER IS ALL KINDS OF
I KEEP CONSTANTLY ON n.VND A
WELL SELECTED S TOC Iv.
Teas, Coffees, Sugar, Syrups,
Dried and Canned Fruits,
and other Staples a
Good Delivered Free to aay
part t'tke City.
I AM ALSO AGENT FOR THE CEL
Farm and Spring Wagons,
of which I keep a constant supply on I
uauu, uul ie meir equal, tu -ivie aim
quality, second to none.
CAJLL AND LEARK PRICES.
Cor. Thirteenth and K Streets, near
-U fcl .1 TS - !
COFFINS AND METALLIC CASES
A5D DEALER DT
Furniture, Chairs, Bedateada, Bu
reaus, Tablea, Safes. Lounges.
Ac, Picture Frames and
iSTRepttirimj of all kinds of Upholstery
o. c. stt a snsroyr,
Ills anfl aaeet-lrOn Ware I
Job-Work, Eoofing and Gutter
xig a Specialty.
EsTShop on Eleventh Street, opposite
' . avb
The orjan pa.!s, the choir is slnlnrf;
I wonder if she knows Tm here!
Her thoughts, no doubt, are upward winginy.
While mine sink, clogged with doubt and fear.
Tls she, of course; there's no mistaking
Her crowded, glossy braids of brown.
And that's the bonnet she was making
I sat and watched her bead the crown.
How deft her fingers are how busy!
Ah! happy man within whose home
But, stay! such thoughts, they make me dizzy.
And have no plaoe within this dome.
Far better should I ponder grimly
My faults committed, duties missed.
How neat her giove Is, and how trimly
It buttons round her slender wrist!
vain and poor is earthly pleasure:
No wonder 1
that our sail hearts yearn
To some mor&high and lasting treasure
They're sitting down. Perhaps she'll turn.
Thank Heaven, she sees me! She is flinging
A sweet rrprwaehful gluauc my way
Yes. dear. Indeed I have been singing.
And now, my saint. I mean to pray!
iL Bridges, m Our Continent.
THE BOXA:C OF THE LEON BOOM.
Vows made in summer sometimes be
come difiicult to keep under the chilling .
infloence of fosrs. frosts and snow.
was such pleasant, easy-going love -
maxing, wnne tne iuds at tne ooatnouse
bloomed with geraniums and calceolarias,
and the water ambled centlv by. Now,
a turn in a punt, or a brisk scull to some
sheltered spot where tall rushes and fair
water lilies made an enchanted palace;
she in delicate frocks of "zephyr," pink
or blue, he in flannels, his handsome face
glowing with exercise and bliss. Yea,
this was all easy and delightful, if it
could only have lasted!
Directly the large country house began
to lose it3 guests, the hostess, jlrs. Mope,
had time to look about her. and one of
the first inconvenient things she saw was ' London, and by the time Lord Black
the very evident love afiair between i moor's gout relented sufficiently to
handsome Jack Talbot of the th, who enable him to appear at a late breakfast.
had nothing in the world but his Cap -
.aim'., w,tp ant, l,., rtnlf? 1jnnt.i. I l?n..
mu 3 "J , auu uci uui uduguuii xiiiau,
wnose nrst uuiy to ner parents lay in
making an eligible match ! This would
never do. But die worldly-wise lady re
flected that Captain Talbot's visit" was
only to hut three days' longer, and with I
true art appeared blissfully content with
the position. The nijrht before he went
away the suitor applied to ilr. Hope,
and begeed to have his prayer favorably
and he (ha vine received his
brief from his wife) temporized irentlv:
spoke of youth, changeable atfections,
and so on, and said ne could not at
present give a definite answer.
"ilay I hope?" asked the suitor.
"H you like," said the father; and
nothing could have ended better. Lilian i
waved li damp pocket-handkerchief from I
her window, and the knight "rodej
A month later Jack was ordered to
Egypt, and ilrs. Hope thoucht it hishlv
probable that all her difficulties would
be removed by the Egyptians. If not,
time was gained at any rate, and Lilian
was growing handsomer every day.
"My dear," said ilr. Hope, one even
ing, "Lord Blackmoor is evidently struck
"So I see," responded the wife, smiling
"Ishouldn't be surprised if he spoke
"So much the better."
"But, ah how about the other fel
low?" queried Mr. Hope, uneasily.
"Nothing about him," said Mrs. Hope,
resolutely; "he must not be mentioned."
"Lord Blackmoor is very old."
"He will make the better husband."
"Lilian is a beautiful, warm-hearted
girl!" faltered the father.
"Had she not been beautiful a coronet
would not be offered her."
"But. Harriet you and I were both
young when we married."
Mrs. Hope calmly fixed her fine eyes
on the ceiling, and her husband saw sen
timent would find no response.
And so, while Jack was bronzine his
handsome face, and fightine for his coun- i . t0 turn a? regular detail in assum
try in Eevpt. his Lilian was desired to ! m? the ean garb and ying mien ot the
receive tfi idHrow nf nn lalv,ro M I poor, and maintained a hut in the rear ot
foD of seventv-fivp ami wo, nnlr
eighteen. But these things haDpen, so
we must contemplate them.
It would be useless to describe how the
net was woven round the victim, how she
was watched and guarded as they trav
eled throughout their autumn tour. Be
tween her mother and Lord Blackmoor
It was arranged that the wedding should
isxe piace in .LeeemDer, and in
meantime a rumor came that Captain
Talbot was killed.
The Hopes' return took place the end
of November, and the old bridegroom
elect was to come there in December.
He arrived, and to the cirl seemed more
distasteful than ever. He followed her
about with an affectation of youthful
ardor, which sorely warred with eout
"Mamma," said the frenzied Lilian,
"if you don't keep him awav from me
owt Til say 'no' at the altar!" And,
fearing this was true, Mrs. Hope rejoiced
In an attack of gout which confined the
old nobleman to his room,where she
treated him with flattery and devotion.
So then the poor girl wandered down
to the boathouse. It was half a mile
from the house, and there was a snugly
furnished iron room there, where tea
things and spirit lamps were kept. Lilian
bad often made tea here in the happv
summer; and now she entered the room,
which struck cold and damp from long
disuse, and throwing herselt in a chair
sobbed as if her heart were breaking.
The floods were up, and the river
looked like stormy lead. Little islands
viable in summer now lav buried under
the rushing waters. No "flowers, no s,m-
thine all like her own life, blank, itarfc
A footstep outside made Lilian start
up quickly. It was the postman on his
way to the house.
"Have you any letters for me?" aked
"Yes, Miss, surely," said the man, and
he found three, handed them to her,
and passed on.
Lilian re-entered the iron room, sank
on the sofa, and with trembling bands
tore open one it was from Jack! As
she read it, she found that other letters
had been sent to her who had had
them? Jack, who was in London, said
he was fast recovering from his wounds,
and that he had determined to come
down and hear from her own lips that
she gave him up. And he concluded bv
saying he would be at the boathouse bv
TtTTa r'i,lnnr , nnw .... , ,,
nner to nve o'clock, Jlrs. Hope or-
der?d t0T, her3elf ber bed-room,
savinir she hnnM sit nfrarv.. 'i. i
Sit flxtrw'rd with I
Lord Blackmoor till dinner-time: ao
Lilian was at liberiv. Sh ear? L
ska dark winter's afternoon, ran swiftly
"""""' ujc ucii. e euuig-wouui ane anu curls, to the long pins required to
mt 2? re? - . keeP on b5S hata bse brims
. lne ,. " evemng meant this even- present great temptations to the wind.
ing; this evening that ever was; for the TheyanTmade bv machinery and are so
letter had been written the day before. cheap that the poorest woman may enjoy
Lilian s deiight at this unexpected ' the greatest varietv. What becomes of
news was paramount. Ske hastened back the hair-pins? The'v drop on floors; thev
to the house, determining that nothing get swept up and lost; thev become bent
should reveal the change. She inquired ' and useless; thev disappear and are re
cmlly arter Lord Blackmoor, had five placed, and grea't factories are emploved
dresses tried on by a dressmaker, drove . in making them. A". Y. Sun. '
with her mother to pay some calls; and -
when they returned home it was a' Five thousand cranberry cattings
dawn, throneh the park, and as aha
neared the Doathouse, she saw a tall,
well-known figure keepine out of the
way of observation. Her heart beat so
violently that she could scarcely go on,
and then the lover threw caution to the
winds, and in another few seconds all
that was needful was told, and the old,
old story went on as smoothly as if no
old Lord Blackmoor existed.
Late that night, after Mrs. Hope and
the servants Sad gone to bed, Lilian
sought her father in the library.
"jly dear girl, what is the" matter?"
he cried, nervously, as the fair form of
his daughter, robed in a light blue
dres3ing-gown, suddenly appeared, and
sat downon his footstool.
"Papa, Jack isn't dead," whispered
Lilian, fixing her lovely eyes on ilr.
rsope's wondering countenance, and
fondling his hand.
"Isn't he, my dear?" helplessly in
quired the old gentleman, who had been
aware of the fact for some time.
1 am going to marry Jack, papa "
"Then don t tell me, my dear; don't
tell me: exclaimed Air. Hope,
or delight on his countenance.
Itinothinir about it. mind: if I did. vour
, mother would worm it out of me." Ft.r
there are still "Caudle Lectures," good
'Then, dear, dear papa you won't be
angry if to-morrow ""
"Never, my love; never as long as I
know nothing about it," hastily cried
the father, kissing the pretty up-turned
face, and adding m a whisper, "Talbot is
the soul of honor, and I can trust him."
In the crev morning it was iliss Hope's
habit to take a walk. :?he took one next
morning, and a muiHed figure emerged
from the iron room to meet her. And by
the first D train these two reached
1 where he hoped to meet his fair fiancee,
.. .r.1 ..h.. ... ...... f. Tnl.K rT..ll.n. ..
a teiesrram iroin Jlrs. John taibot an
nounced to the scandalised mother, the
apparently scandalized father, and the
mortified nobleman that Lilian would
never wear a coronet-
She did not do badlv though. An ec-
centric godmother of Captain Talbot's
I was so impressed by the fact that a eirl
i had refused a coronet for his sake that
' she left him her furtune. Argosy.
Almost everybody will give something,
a quarter or a penny, to an old man, to
an apparently sick or lame man, to a
woman who carries a babe, to a pale
little girl, or to a boy who recites his
tale of woe. Christian people who have
i heard that giving to the poor is lending
!to the Lord, and nearly all people,
whether Christian or not, who have
much respect for much-abused texts, are
apt to surrender a dime or a nickel to
i some, if not nearly all, who ask. The
dole is small, and a big heart has an un
comfortable way of reproaching its owner
for refusal. Thus the beggar wins, and
beggary gets its continued lease of life.
It required years to convince us that
there is no charity so thoroughly kind as
that which uniformly and unhesitatingly
refuses to give at random. There is not
a doubt that refusal is always best in
cities, and just about best In the country
also. The study has been a sad one to
us, but kind, firm refusal is not onlv beat
but a dutv. Nothinsr in the land is bet
ter organized than the science and art of
beirgary. The de-ervinir may rely upon
heTp by city societies which investigate
every applicant. Moreover, every county
in the land has its poor-fund, and save in
exceptional cases, which may occur in
any place save Heaven, no worthy person
need surier for bread or shelter.
Abuses of alms are enough to tempt a
man to bruise the beggar for making
merchandise of human pity. We know
of a case wherein a begging family lived
! H1 aI.most h"ur-v in a. S.d hl?.m.e' The-V
I the home to which, through the alley.
! cautious investigators were led to view
the ready provided rags, bunk and simu
lated misery. Women borrow sick chil
dren to point their lying story; lameness
is assumed, and cash earnings are spent
for drink or sensual gratification. We
once paid a man to watch a "maimed,
blind man" all dav. The report was
, that about four hundred people gave at
least a penny eaun, auu. some prooaoiy
gave half-dimes, or more. Our estimate
of receipts was from six to eight doll-irs
i a senator's salary. The man limped
into a back street and suddenly throwing
j oifall disguise, saw his joyful way home
spent the evening in a saloon and went
! to bed drunk. Ofd clothes are begged and
I often sold to the second-hand dealer. In
j some cases baskets of cold food are sold
i to nether-world restaurants; in other are
j vended to those who feed them to chick
I ens or pigs. We have seen a man in the
street superintending, at a distance, a
half dozen children who separately ap
plied tor loou "tor a starving tamily,
and whose collected victuals" were sold
for cash. The devices of these lying
cheats assume fifty forms. It is ajust
rule never to give money or food unless
the latter is eaten in your sight. Even
in the latter case, it is better to make the
beggar earn the food by some little work
Shall we, therefore, have no "bowels of
compassion?" That is not the alterna
tive. Give to some poor fund, but never
j even to that, unless it will, in your stead,
i closely investigate every applicant. The
citizens of the smallest village can better
r i A..i . t r i
"'T..H,.W.!?ne on m g? n
to give at random. A great curse is that
soft hearts unwittingly support a profes
sion which attracts people to mendicancy
and mendacity. The crowning curse is
in the destruction of manhood by bring
ing up a race that abandons self-help.
The wretch who will not earn his dinner
by the wayside by sawing wood or raking
a yard should be sent away hungry.
Evolution in Hair-Pins.
The hair-pin of to-day is more like its
ancestor than is the enlightened man of
science like the prime val monkey. Hair
pina have "eve-luted'' out of the old
fashioned straight wire into various
shades, sizes and designs. Most of them
are enameled. They" are of varying
length, from the gossamer forks with co
rll(TTlt:P llTTlTa 11CA4? Tn fl.-ilil in nln,n F,i,tj
1 .... . .
from the East will be planted
marshy hind in Lane tountv, Oregon.
a nmi'uifn.t i. ..!... : r....JT.i
oil some i
-lne Dmiwtr nf tha afhama ?c f-nrnTiV.l-
Imnreiised with the iwwihilitiM of thL
aew industry, and believes Oregon
mse as good cranberries as New Jersey,
TARE WELL TO OSCAR.
A WILDE, W2TRD CH.OTT.
Oscar from our shares hath fled,
(Dead Is the sunflower boom!)
A velvet vest and a necktie red,
iThe lily's draped In gioom!)
With breeches reachf nr to the knee,
(At the bunco man he swears !)
His auburn hair so long and free,
(Four aces beat two pairs!)
Silver buckles on his shoes,
(Oh, the stark stands ou one leg!)
Cone is his too-too utter muse,
(No more in ours, we beg!)
For him a very lon farewell,
(Not blue is the nose that's red!)
For us no more of th" iesthetj sell."
(Put a foolscap on his head!)
EN0WCT6 HOW TO obserte.
There is hardly any subject concerning-
which most persons of general, but
not of special, culture would more re
sent the oiler of inslru tion, than that
of how to observe. Observation seems
to be the mere opening of the eyes, and
letting the outer worlaphotogntph itself
in the dark camera of the mind. Even
j the year-old i hild. whose reasoning pow
ers are as yet undeveloped, can note and
j follow with tho eye and ear and hand the
movements whi h iro on within its little
sphere. And that notinjrand following
sem to come to the child instinctively
and easily, rather than to be the result
of any onsc'o :s attempt at learning
how to use its powers of o servation.
Is it any wonder, then, that grown-up
persons," who can thoroughly enjoy their
book or their niasra'ine. should feel
that the ofier to teach them how to see
things partakes of the nature of an
Yet, as a matter of fa -t, there is hard
ly any subject in which the need of in
struction is greater. The man who has
not been prepared by a .-pecial course
of tiaininsr, or by a .special experience,
tc see things aright in a given sphere,
is sure to mix up what he sees with
what he thinks he sees, and what he
feels about the subject in hand. He is
prettv ure to note carefully the things
which have little meaning, and to let
some of the essentials a unnoted.
Take an extreme example. A cloud
gathers in the autumn evening round
some mountain head, and at last drifts
slowly ofl into the sky. Two observers
have watched the "formation of that
cloud; the one a child, the other a me
teoroltgist. Ask the child what he
saw. ami he may give you some such
account as this: "-Oh! I saw stt-am c ra
ing out of a hole in the tup of the
mountain. I saw the hole .juite plainly;
and there was boiling water in the hole.
There was smoke mixed with thes earn,
and bv and bv it became a black cloud.
I guess it's a burning mountain, and
that 's where all the clouds come from."
One who lisened to that ae- .
count would hardly know what the
child saw, aud what he did not see.
Glance, on the other hand, at the note
book of the scientific observer. You
will find that he has noted points of
wh.ch the child never dream d. but
which are essentia! to the understand
ing of the formation of that cloud. H:s
memoranda will tell you of the varying
degrees of temperature ami of the hu
midity of the atmosphere during the
time of the observation. The exact
position of the mountaiu summit has
been noted its relatiuus to the mountain-masses
around it. aud its di-tanee
from the sea or other bodes of water.
So far as possible, the direction, fon-e
and heights of the prevailing air-cur-reuts.
and the electrical condition of
the earth anil the atmosphere, have
been found and noted. This observer
knows that the exilanatiou of what is
peculiar in the formation of that par
ticular cloud may lie in any one of a
hnndred visible o-operatin causes,
not one of whieh the ignorant or care
less observer would either see or note.
So he registers everything even the
most trivial, which may adect the work
ing out of the problem.
Such careful and conse'entious ob
servation as this consorts well with the
historical and etymological associations
ot the world. Observation, in the vo
cabulary of the Romans, was the special
name for that reverent, patient atten
tion which the scholar owes to his teach
er. To-day the leaders of physical sci
ence preser. e the honorable meaning of
the word when they restrict is to the
scholar-like noting of the phenomena of
nature, and refuse to give it to the master-like
handling of nature iu experi
ment. And the importance, even in
physical researches, of this reverent
teachableness, is seen in the fact that
there is no wr ter on the method of sci
ence, from Bacon down to Whewell and
Jevons, who has not devoted a great
part of his treatise to the discussion and
elucidation of this seemingly simple sub
ject. The first step towards- knowing how
to observe is to find out how remiss one
us allv i3 in this line. Copv as careful-
lv as vou can a word or two in some
complex character which you do not
know, such as the Arabic or the San
scrit. Be sure that you have an exact
reproduction of the head-line which you
have chosen: then take it to some one
who is familiar with the language of.the
writing. Unless you are a far more
accurate observer than most men are.
your friend wid have to show you that
you have perversely exaggerated the
non-essential forms and slurred over the
essential. Or you can test yourself in a
hundred dillerent ways. You remarked
upon the beautj of the church-building
which you passed yesterday. Can yoii
tell how many pillars clustered about its
porch? Did you note wh-ther they
were of the Ionic or of the Corinthian
order? Then that strangely spelled
word which you encountered in your
mag zine readtng lost week are "you
able to-day to write its spellmgon-ha"nd.
and to give its meaning and proper pro
When you have found ont how care
less you are in your reading of the
things which exist and the deeds which
are done around you. you will be the
better prepared to irain yourself to
habits of systematic observation. At
first nay, all through your course of
training you will have to look out for
a trap at every step of the path : you
must be perpetually calling the mind to
attention. Ivnowing that you are liable
to be content with vague impressions
and a sreneral surface knowledge, you
must determine to scrutinize everything;
strictly, almost painfully. When you
seem to yourself to have noted all that
is to be noted, stop and a.k yourself.
What if I am asked about th's or that
detail? Yon must be cont nually looking
out for what.the old logicians called the
differentia of the thing the something
which distinguishes it from every other
thing of thesame kind. hen vou have
found that, you will generally have
found at hat is worth knowing about that
Aad in doing all this you must not
I friFt tlic rTr1 5nnii1 canaa nf tVta. TTnt-fl
"ft- -"- ."' -f -;', " "Y.
ocservanou. nether your neia ot
work be the world of books, of nature.
or of men, you must approach it in a
spirit of humble and reverent teach
ableness in a spirit of respectful
patience. In this sphere, as in every
other, "God reslsteth the proud, hut
giveth grace unto the humble." The
moment you begin to feel proud of your
own powers; the moment yo l begin, to
feel that vou are a master, and not a
j learner that moment you are in danger
i ot tailing: into some fatal nesrle t or
making some irremediable error. Use
the finest instrument and the best help
you can procure; cultivate your power
of analysis to the very keenest: let your
criti ism be searching and unsparing;:
but let this all 1 e done, not in a spirit
of self-confidence or self-seeking, but
with quiet i onfidence in Him who" is the
source of all truth.
This habit of careful observation will
save you from many an error: it will
bring you closer to the sources of knowl
edge. "The fountains are sweeter at
their source." says the old proverb;
ever day of faithful work will tea h
you the better to appre iate the- truth
fulness of this saying. There will be a
rare i harm in knowledge gained thus,
which is wanting, in all rcere hearsay
knowledge; your knowledge will be
your own fitted for yon ospe ially. and
molded into your very being. 5. S.
Sir Peter and the Cow.
While in Montreal I heard a story of
Sir Peter Mitchell, member of Parlia
ment for New Brunswick, of whom I
spoke in a recent letter. He was an
opposition member during the lamenta
ble Governmen of Sir John Mackenzie
in the 1 it decade, and was a con tant
a d most uncomfortaYe t ora in the
side of that unhappy Premier. Sir
John was a conspicuous rai road mag
nate, and just before the opening o"
Parliament one winter Sir Peter cal ed
on him to in 'uee him to pay forty dol
lars for a widow's cow that had been
run over by the car-. I dou't believe
there's anything in it." exclaimed the
Prem'er. peiemptorily; it'- prob.ib y a
trumped-up case, but 1 il in- juire. and
you ea to-morrow.""
The gent eman from New Brunswick
was not u ed to being; treated so cava'
ier v. but he pocketed it. and called in
"There's no justice in it. We won't
pay or the cow," broke in Sir John.
"You won't: won't you?" rejoi ed
Sir Peter, with a manner quite as bounc
ing as 'hat of the "eaderot the Govern
ment. "Have you been there, or sent
there and investigated it?"
"No. 1 haven't; but I won't pay for
the cow. It's a mere trifle, and" she
ought to have keptotTthe track."
"Don't the law say you shall have a
-I won't pay for the cow, now; and
that's all the answer yo i'II set.77
"You won't pay tor the widow's cow:
. won't you. Sir John Mackenzie i I will
make you pay for it." exclaimed Sir
Peter, now tho.t nghlv aroused.
' "You will; you will! How will you?"
grow ed the Premier.
"Til take it out during the session,
as sure as you are a living man. The
widow's fortv dol ar- isn t anything,
isn't it? I'll'take it out o'' y.u!"
It w.as an Irishman against a S otch
man and both were angry. The sequel
proved thatir Peter took it out of him
very thoroughly. He is a roundheaded
man, a hard worker, a pugnacious and
redoabtable foe. an unforgiving- enemy,
bold and eleiran tin debate, no dilettante.
out a uaru nitter, ana some or his on
slaughts were furious. If he had not
grea" t.:ct he had great for e. and he
never forgot the ow. In the spee lies
he made every day against the measures
and methods ot the Government, then
under serious siispuion. he told the
story of the cow and trotted her out
with" a frequency that must have seemed
like cruelty to aninials.
Finally the last day of the session
dawned, and the consideration of Mac
kenzie's expense budget was resumed.
It provi Jed the appropriations for the
Sir Peter Mit; hell took the t'oor and
launched into a eulogy of the deceased
cow anil the propriety of making an
appropriation for the widow. He was
greeted with laughter and mocking
apulause, and then his auditors waited
uneasily for him to finish. He did not
finish. " He continued. He told the
story over again with embellishments
and elaborations. He outrasted the
stingine-s of the wea.thy ruler with
the quiet enduran e of the penniless
wi.'ow. He began to read from the
Bible the commands to raery. justice
and charity, when the honorable mem
bers straggled out one by one to dinner.
Sir Peter bit a buscuit. drank a swallow
of water, and continued, impressing
ution the empty chars about him the
tender duties and graces of humanitv.
Members straggled in again. He quot
ed the Song of the Shirt. They ap
pealed to him to draw his remarks to a
close. He told the story of the cow.
Meantime, ir John Ma kenzie was
perspiring with wrath and anxiety in the
Premier's apartment har I by. Ad his
hopes were bound n- in the a pro
pria; on budget. What if it should not
come to a vote ! The honorable member
from New Brunswick could not be stop
ped, for this was the one bill in the
Canadian Parliament on which a mem
ber could speak as long as he wished.
There was no way of cutting short the
debate. No motion was in order while
he was speaking;, except the motion to
adjourn an I that would be adjourn
ment iuie lie. The Government mem
bers were ia consternation as the orator
delivered a speech on the blessings of
vaccnation. gave statist cs on the coat
of fences in the United States, passed
an elaborate encomium on thu su erior
ity, for draft purposes, of Devon cattle,
to" which class the de eased ''omestic
friend of thebere ued w dow belonged,
and then began to describe the religious
ceremonies in which the sacred cow of
Burmah takes pan. when the bell rang
for vespers'. A short time more an ! the
season would expire by law. and the
Government had passed no appro ria
tion bill !
At this critical jun -ture one of the
Government members rem ned excited
ly from the Premier's room, rushe I to
the orator's desk, and exclaimed : "In
the name of God. what ails vou, Mitch
ell? What do you want?"" Still."
said Sir Teter. finishing the sentence he
had on his lips' "not a cent has ever
been paid for the wi low's cow!" The
member uttered a vehement exclama
tion about that animal.and ade i : " Sir
John Mackenzie authorize? me to say j
that he will pay for the cow if you'll let !
this bill come to a vote." " j
Sir Peter sat down, rather tired, and I
the widow got her pay. The tovern- i
ment organs declared "that the willow's
cow cost 40.000. Her champion is still
known in Canada as Bismarck .Mitchell, i
on account of his boldness and shrewd
ness in outwitting a Cabinet and making
himself long the adviser-in-chief of a
Some one employed in undoing; old
cartridges at Mount Valerien. Paris,
disregarded the rule never to use metal
in the process; result, thirty woman
PERSONAL A5D UTEsUBT.
Mr. Dana, of the New York Sun,
'a said by a correspondent of the Atlanta
Constitution, to be worth $1,000,000
outside of his newspaper stock.
- Helper, who wrote the " Impending
Crisis ' years ago, and at one tuae had
560.000 in bank', is doing: odd jobs about
Washington to keep body and soul to
gether. Washington Post.
"Coal Oil Johnny." other reports
to the contrary notwithstanding, is at
Kearney. Neb., where he owns a large
jrain elevator and is rapidly repairing
his wased fortunes. Cncajo Timts.
Ex-Chief-Justice Sharswood, ot
Pennsylvania, recently retired from tha
State upreme Bench, after thirty-seven
years' service, feels vigorous enough
yet to open a law office for private prao-
Thirty-two years ago Senator Mc
Pherson. of New Jersey, then a student
itTemp!e Academy. in Genesee. X. Y..
read a school essay on the " Uses of
His ory." The otherday he went thers
again at the invitation ot the Historical
Societv of We.-tern ew York. to deliver
an addre-s upon the same subject, and
several of his old schoolmates were
Joaquin Miller, in writing of tha
liability of wealthy families on Murray
Hill, thinks that the patent-pill people
are the most perfectly secure. The man
that "struck oil" once did not long
maintain his elegant mansion, and the
inventor of a patent hinge disappeared
when in a suit his patent was annulled.
The man who invented a patent screw
was more fortunate. He bought his
res dence on Murray HilL and "says
he has screwed himself on to stay."
A correspondent writing from
Kingston. N. iL. says: " Here, also,
lives a woman of some thirty-five or for
ty summers, who is a wonder. She has
just completed a log cabin, and did ail
the work herself except putting up the
last logs. She cut the logs, hauled
them, and made the shingles to cover it.
I saw her ride in to town recently, on a
horse. In front of her was a deer she
had just killed. You will probably
think she is a lovely widow. Such is
not the case. She has a husband, and
he takes care of the children.
Of Mr. William Henry Smith (now
in charge of the Associated Press. East
and West) the I hicago Tribune saya:
"Mr. Smith has had long experience In
the service of the Western press, and
has discharged, his very onerous, and in
some respe ts delicate" duties with per
fect satisfaction to the Association. It
can not be doubted that in his new re
lations he will meet with at least equal
success. His appointment means great
er vigor and eilfciency in the collection
of news bv both Associations than have
ever been shown before. "
Elizabeth Cady Stanton thinks
girls should play billiard-. There's a
g;ood deal of "kissing" in billiards,
but that's no reason fur ex. luding th
An obscure, but yet not wholly un
intelligible :oke in regard to the mule
is that "though he cares very little for
precious stones in general, yet he gen
erally affects tupaT" .VI Y. Graphic.
Canal mule do soJ Boston Post.
"How interesting these men of let
ters are. fcusanl" Do you think so?"
replied S. san. "Now, I think the let
ters of men are much more interesting."
at the same time holding up a dainty,
looking- epistle she had received fiota
"somebody." Doitun Transcript.
Judge Tourgee is delivering a le t
ure on " A Family of Kooli." Ws
haven't heard it, but presume he refers
to the girl who kindled & tire with
kerosene, the boy ho didn't know it
was loaded." an I the man who aiks;
"Is it cold enough for your" N. Y.
High classic " Can you compre
hend me?'" "I am. perhaps, a httl
obtuse, but you may I e sure, that I
shall ge at your meaning presently."
Low lassie " Can you catch on?"
"Well, perhaps I don't drop as sud
denly as some, but you bet Til tumble
as quick as the average." Tiie Jwlge.
A magazine writer has recently
published aongartcle about " women's
noses.' ' The best thing we know about
a woman's uo-ie is a mustache. The
best kind is a pale brown, and waxed at
the ends. For sample, and instructioa
in best method of appl.cation, apply aC
thi3 office, after business hours. Bur
ling' on Hawkey v.
So you have got twins at your
house?"" said Mrs. Be umbe to little
Tommy Samuelson. " Yes. ma'am, twe
of 'em." " Whit a e vou go ng to call
them?" "Thunder aid Lightning."
Why, those are strange names to call
children." "Well, that's what pa
called them as 3oon as he heard they
were in the house." Texas Sittings.
"Justice, your Honor!"exclaimed a
legal comet in one o his eccentric per
orations, "is nut like the fabulated
Briarious of old. whose eyes were as
multiflical as the sands of "the sea, nor
yet like the famed Cyclops whose vision
perforated only the arena of the coming
tuturity. but like the sportive demon
stration of "blind man's buff. She
pursues her way unseeing and unseen,
holding the steelyar Is that weigh w ith
coeval vicissitude the carata of gold
and the carrots of horticulture, and
knowing; no North.no South. noEast,nc
West!" Rome (N. Y.) SentmeL
A report comes from London thai
there is a change in the fashion la
dogs. Young ladies who have been
wearing; EngLsh png to match theii
complexion" trimmed with plastrons
and things, or the Italian greynound oi
King Charles spaniel, cut entrain with
ja' ot and poionaise. will regret to learn
that they have gone out of fashion, and
they might as well be given to the pool
or sold to the old rag-man. Thenew styl
of dog is the nutTy" white Pomeranian,
with a nose in point applique and shir
red ears, or the altese terrier, with s
silk jacket and velvet lingerie orsoms
thing; that wav. Nornstoum Herald.
An Affectionate Child.
Little Tommy Milligan was dressed
up in fine clothes bv his parents and
sent over to his grand athes on Christ
n.as day. on Austin avenue. Th old
gentleman received h s grand-on in a
most kindly manner. W nen the time
came for Tommy to go home, much ta
the delight of the old man. he refused
to go. saving that he wanted to live per
manently with his grandpa.
" So you love your old grandpa so.
much you ilon't'want to leave him?'
exclaimed the delighted old n an.
"No, it's no- that." relied Tommy,
but every time ma sends me to visit yoa
she washes my face, and I hate to hav
my face washed, so you see if I lived
with you all the thr.e, grandpa, ma
could not send n e to you. and I would
never have to have niv fa e washed
Woulda't that be .nice? Texas Sift