Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 23, 1862)
f CBUSHXD KVZBT THCESDAT BT
.fCKNAS,- LYANNA& FISHER,!
j Story Strickler Block, UAin Street
'.. nnoYfr villi:, jr. t.
.,roiiey'r'lf Pl ' - - - - $2
J0J if paiJattbeendof montbs 3
. 1J s
" cf 1J r m will be furniohed at ft to per
r'a. pfTiied tbech cconpani tbe order, notj
" I J I A. ' V
AyR: :X I
i v J
j : ' v.-...'-: :
A - - A - ..
I ; ! ;; i A j l M ::
j I j j j ' h i ' 1 -A . , j j
"LIBERTY' AND UI3TOI7, OITE AIID nrSEPEHABLXI, IIOW AIID rORSVEIl'-
Eatca of Advertise
Ot!qnarftenlinorli)6T!t!ajrr.:on, tl C1
lacli additional lusertioa - 61
Oa square, est niuiita - - - - I CJ
BaaweM Carls, six Hjsj of lwi, c;j raw
One coin ma me year - ... . eoi-
One hail oiuaa ne j?sr . . . ti ?
O-e fourth eo! urea ora 7r . JS 00
Ott eiglita colaaia or yaar IS 01
Oaeeoiutna Hi tir.'ii . - - 5 U3
One balf eglaraa is noi:t9 Sta
Ooe fourti evianin x inoaibi 19 C9
Oca eighia of a column six months - 6 CO
OTiecosuma tiree acB!b . . . Co CJ
One half column three moatfc . II 03
One faurt!j column three in ntb - . in m
Oce eUUta colcn.a three moDifcs S M
ADr-ouacini CacdiuAtea for (?v(usnt la
ai?attce) ------ flw
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
SOLICITORS IN CHANCERY,
Corner First and Uain Streets,
protvnvllle, - - - Acbraslta
Ha vine: permanently located in
jor the practice of MJicine and Surgery, ten-
0ct co Main Strett. no23v3
BEOWNVILLE, NEBRASKA, THUESDAY, AT AN-, 23, 1862,
PREPARE IV TIMC
THE FIRES OF FALL,
B Prime, A. So. 1 Insurance,
mm mm a
Xs. 110 L LAD AY, M. D.
Ii'tilly informi bi friends In Brownvilie and
aejittf viciuity that be ba resumed the practice of
.tfedlcine, Surgery, &. Obstetrics
iJllc,pei,brtrvct attention to bis prof esfcion, to receive
ibicP"ruB PtrooPe heretofore extended to him. In
. e here it it posaiblror expedient, a prescription
..'.M,fwiiiledoiie.- Offlceat City Uruc Store.
JAMES S. BEDFORD
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Master Conmissiocer In Chancery.
-esowtolz, x. T.
T. M. TALCOTT,
Daring located himself in Brownvilie, N. T., tea
ier&it professional aerrioes to thecommunity.
.Clocks Watches & Jewelry.
- Tonldannonncetotbeoitieeaa of Brownvilie
yjVsnd vicinity that be has located himself in
Brownvilie. andintends keeping a full assort.
LitLt uf everything in his lineof butiines, which will
totsM lew fr canh; Tie will also do all kinds of re
iirf of clocks, -watches and jewelry. All work wr
EDWARD W. THOMAS,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
S licit or in Chancery.
Office Aurner of Main and First Streets.
TABLE ROVK, NEBRASKA
Reference, Dr. D. Owin, Brownrille.
HOUSE. SIGN AND ORNAMENTAL
wUUER-AKD PAPER HANGER.
. , liiiOWNVILLE, N. T. i I
lit Xcvcst and Besl JIuIc .
Rlli Vocal nnd intruciental by thowt Ameriotn
. tnd Eurojiean rfriers. sppoara regularly ererr
ek lo the MOUSLUOLD JOL'KXAL. Irice Fi.ur
Cenu. A new mnghj Uj'hen Glortr, appears
So, 1, Vol 2. . :
Nexsr Shoe Shop.
, " BROiVTJLLE, NEBRASKA,
&pctfuliy Informs tbe citiiens of this place and
tcimty jtt-'be has comrnenaed the manufactory of
xti d atoes In Brownvilie, and bopea by attent,lon
andeare t 'Tnrtt a share oT rbllc patronnRe. JLt
surk is all of tbtfeest quality,, and bis work all war
ranted to "give satisfaction or no pay."
will stylesuf work, from a No. 1, fine calf skin boot,
toAeoarae tro&aa, at prices ao low that nona can
.&tve me'arail at xrry akop, oa First straet, betweea
iu and Water,
irownrllle, Kay, W6I ly
J. WILSON BOLLINGER,
Connsellor at Law
General and CoIIcctlnjr Acnt.
BEATRICE, GAGE CO., .NEBRASKA.
WILL practice in the seve at Courts in Gage and
adjoining counties, and will give prompt attention
to all business entrusted tobim. Collections prompt
ly tnaae. t57"J articular attention pifen to locat
' in? Land Warrants on lands carefully selected by
"September 25, '61. nl2-yly
H. A. TERRY,
fiTioksale and Retail Dealer in
harden, Field and Flower Seeds,
. " '.ALSO
GRAPE YIXTS, GOCSEEESEIXS,
Currants, Raepbrriea, Blackberries,
Rotti, and Ornamental Slmbbtrg Generally.
CRCSCCNT CITY IOWA.
' . BIIIDERY,
-COUNCIL BLUFFS, IOWA.
V7IILIALI F. KITEIL
. Vay 17, 1860.
The Fruits of the Phanix
Are manifest in the following statement of Facts
and Fgures, showing the amount eqaaiized to public
benefit, in the shape of losses paid in the west and
South, durin6 the past four years ; a substantial rec
ord of a
Well Tried Corporation.
32.670 OS. ..
27,698 83 MISSOURI .
22,839 43 ARKANSAS
3,961 68 TEXAS...
555 56 ALABAMA.
Insurances solicited, and oIicies issued and renew
ed in this leading Corporation, at fair rates by
E. W. THOMAS
Brownvilie, Sept. 5, I3G0.
CITY LIVERY STABL
ROGERS & BROTHER,
ANNOUNCES to the public that he has purchased the
Livery Statle and Stock formerly owned by William
KiweCil and added thereto fine btock, a ad is now prepar
ed to accommodate the public with
THE TRAVELUKG PUBLIC
Can find at hifc Stable ample accommodations for
horses, mules or cattle.
BENJAMIN &. JOSHUA ROGERS.
Brownvilie, Oct. 18. 1660. nlft-yly
J0HIT L CAES0II
(Successor to Lusbbaugh & Carson.
2S3 S3T 132. o
LAND AND TAX PAYING
Dealer in Coin, Uncurrtnt Monty, Land
Warrants, Exchange, and Gold Dust
RROlYftVILLE, - ClUt ASILA.
t will cive especial attention tobuyinp; and sellins; ex
.1)Mnt;e on the principal cities of tbe United States axd
Carope, Gold Silver, uncurrent Jiank Bills, and
6ld Dust, Collections made on all accessable points,
and proceeds remitted In exchange at current rates.
Deposit received on current account, and interest al
lowed oo speoia-i deposit.
3IAFA STREET, BETWCO' THE
Teleg-rupli and tbe U. S.
XJnd Brother PbUadelphla, Pa.
t. V. Carson St Co.. . "
Hiser. Dik it Co. Baltimore, Md.
rouac h. Carson, , .' . "
Jeo. Thompson Jf ason, Col'r f Port,
wm. T. Smithson, Esq., Hanker,
J. T. Stevens, Esq., Att'y at Law,
Jno. S. Gallaber, Late 3d And. C S.
Tarlor & atriexh, Bankers,
McClelland, Pre & co.,
H., Thomas G. Pratt,
Ron. J as O. Carson,
P. B. Smali, Ksq., Prei't 8. Bank,
Col. Geo. Schley, A'y at Law,
Col. Sam. Hambietonltt'y at Law,
Judge Thos. Perry,
Prof. H. Tutwiler,
Washlngtor, D. C.
Kov 8, 1360-tf.
PIKES' PEAK GOLD I
I will receive Pike'a Peak Gold and advance
money upon the same, and pay over balance of proceeds
as soon as If int returns are bad. In all cae, I wi1
exhibit the printed returns of tbe United States; it in
3T Assay ooice.
JNO. L. CARS ON ,
BULLION AND EXCHANGE BROKER
r Pi," STAKUAED
r ALL EtKDt.
FAIRBAIIKS & GREEMLEAF,
ItH LAKE ST CISICA0, '
And corner of Main & Walnut Sta, St. Louis.
tSBUT ONLY THE GENUINE.
"37- "77". I3oaLTcirc2.,
Main, Between Lcv.e and First Streets.
Particular attcntf oil given to tlic
Purchase and Sale of Ileal
Estate, 31 akin sr Col
Payment of Taxes for Xon-Kcsl-dents.
LAND W ARRANTS FOR SALE, for caeh and on
LAND WARRANTS LOCATED forEasternCap
itotiet,ft land el oc ted from personal examination,
and a complete Township Kap, stvowing Stream,
Timber, Acn forwarded with tbe Certificate of loca
tion. Brownville.N.T. Jan.S. yl
kPikeys Peak, or Dust.w
A. COS ST AIILE,
. IMfOKTril AKD DEALER in
IRON, STEEL, ' NAILS,
castings, springs, axles, files
ta): hubs, Spokes, and Bent Stuff.
fTlrd Street, between Felix and kdinond,
SAINT JOSEPH, MO.
"blch ba sells at ft. Louis prices for easn.
l uigcesi rrict rum rr ccrap j.roo.
DRY GOODS HOUSE.
Wo. 11, 2a1zx 3 1 root,
BR0Y7ITVILLE, IT. T.
J. EJEHHSTO c& Co
Have Jost completed their new Business house on
Vain Street, near tbe U.S. Land Office, in Brownvilie
where tbey have opened oat and areoCVring on the most
Dry Goods, jProvisions,
Of all Kinds,
Gr.CC, AXD DRIED rKUITS,
Choice Liquors, Cipars,
And a "tnonsand and one," other things everybody
m A' i '
v. . s. . . w
f-" - T
' ' - , rT
CALL AND EXAMINE OUR STOCK
rownlU, April S, lj
SEMMNKUIL STATEMENT, No-102-
CAPITOL and SURPLUS
AlAy 1st. IQCl. '
Cash and cash Items ! " ' - t9 BS8 T8
Loans well secured - - - - - 66,253 20
Heal Katate - v - - ' - 16,uoo oo
236 bhares Ttartford Bank Stocks - - 274,b69 00
1-125 New York " " - ' - ' - 193.350 00
1010 " Boston " " - - -100 730 00
507 ' other " .'. - 68 085 00
United State and State " " - - 73 867 00
llartfd&N Haven K.B.tonds" - - 39 700 00
Hartford City Bonds - - . 86 750 00
Conn. River Co. fcB.K. Co. -Stock - - 4 600 00
Total Assets - - - $032 302 98
Total liabilities - - - - . 73.244 27
For details of investments, see small Card; and Cir
Insurances may be effected in this old and substantial
Company ou very favorable terms.
JOHN L. CARSON, Apt
BROWNVILLE, N T.
5j Dwellings and Farm Property insured lor a term
of years at very low rates fi lyno4
Johns & Crosley,
SOLE MANUFACTURERS OFTnE I11PROVED
the Cheapest and most durable. Roofing
t - t in use.- .
IT IS FIRE AND WATER PROOF
It can be applied to new and eld roofs of all kinds, and
to shingle rifs without removing the shingles.
The cost in only one-third of Tin,
and Is twice as durable.
Gutta Percha Cement . r
For preserving and repairing tin and other metal roofs
of everp description, from its great elasticity is not in
jured by tbe contraction and expansion of metals, and
Will not crack in cold or Run in warm
These materials have been thoroughly tested in New
Tork and all parts of the Southern and Western states,
aud we can give abundant proof f all we claim in their
Tiiey are readily applied by ordinary laborers, at trifl
ing expense. ' . . ' ' i
"NO HEAT IS REQUIRED."
These materials are put up ready for
use and for Shipping to allparts of the
Couviry, with full printed directions for
Full descriptive circulars cill be fu
nished on application by mail, or in per
son, at our principal office,
(Opposite St. Nicholas Hotel ) NEW YORE,
JOHNS & CROSLEY. -
Feb. 28, 1861. AGENTS WANTED. 6mo-
V urniture Manufactory.
The Undersigned having opened a shop
BROWNVILLE STEAM MILL,
Are prepared to putnp all kinds of
To order, at saort notice. We will manufacture
BUREAUS SAFES .
DESKS TABLES . -
STANDS . LOUNGES
ROCKING ' OFFICE
CHAIRS &c. &c.
We are also prepared to fnrnisb Coffins with the ut
most dispatch. We have on hand weli tafonet' Black
Walnut lumber for that purpose. We have tbe facili
ty. f matin? fnmitiirp us chp.m as it can be furnished
in thin mnntrr. when dnrability is taken into the ac
count, as we warrant all of our work.
We solicit the patronage of the community.
We will lake in eTchanjre for furniture all kinds o:
farm produce. The birhest prices for butter, tgs,
and lard will be paid the euihe hot season.
Brownvilie; May 30, ly.
CHAMBERS &. NOTF.S.
For the Nebraska Advertiser.
Faltb, Hope and Charity.
Fsltn In futurity, through Hit commacd,
Holy security, solemnly and;
We must bave ample Faitb in heaven's powers.
Inexorable death prostrates all ours.
(ra Immortality Hope oft bestows
Seeming reality, soothing our woes V 1
He pa loves prosperliiea' pleasures to stare
Leaving adversities' night io despair. .
Heaven-born Charity, all must adore,
Sootl in. disparity Hveen rich and poorl
- Gem 'T supernal rsy, to tbee 'tis given, ; .- -To
watt tbrocgh eternal day Inseiice toheavfen'.
7aUh, that tby works bave teen found true and just
Hu;e fur salvaticn when dust turns to dust
-Charity, let all msnkind share, in tby love
These bring, 'in tru'b combined, bliss from above.
TliORH, CQLEF'AtI, CO.,
nnounce te the traveling public that their splendid
commodious Steam Ferry running across from
Brownvilie, iEi -Vjraska.
Is one the best In every respect on tbe Tpper kls
soori river. The Boat makes regular trip every hour
so thut no time will be fc-st in wailing.
. Tae banks t both si of ttie rtvr are low and well
rarted which renders unloading ucueceary as is the
case at m t other ferries.
No fears need beenterraiced as to difflcultiea at or near
this crossing, as everybxly in this region, on both sides
of the river. Is tor the I'nien tbe troniret kind.
Our charges tonan item lhee hard times are lower
than at any other crosoing.
Travelers from Csrssk to Iowa and to the eant will find
this tha nearest and best route i" every respect.
THORN. COLEMAN & CO.
Brownvilie, Nebraska, Sept. Slst, 1S6I.
Furniture ! Furniture ! !
The most complete stock of Furniture ever. offered in
this upper country Jnst received by T. HILL. -
Brownvilie, April 3. tSX.
From the Couu try Gentleman and Cultivator. - .
The Close of trie Tear. .
The year 1S61S8 full of startling and
important incidents so frought .with
mourning and desolation in many sections
of our once united and happy, country, is
drawing to a close. - -Within the last nine
months the unwanted note of war has
sounded . throtighoat' the length and
breadth of the land, and everywhere has
been heard the clash and clangor of dead
ly weapons its bar. neighbors and friends
have armed themselves for fight." Trea
son has reared its black front, and brother
has raised his fratricidal hand against
brother, until our country, from being at
once the glory and the envy of the other
nations of the earth, has become a thing
to b pointed at with jibes end jeers by
old world despots" to be looked upon
with grief and consternation by those
whose large sympathies and noble hearts
have led them to admire and reverence
her .' free institutions,' her unexampled
prosperity. The end of these things b
not yet; but we! believe that God will
prosper the right, and though the furnace
may be "seven times heated", that shall
purge away our country's dross, she will
come forth unharmed' from the fiery trial.
But, notwithstandig the. deploral state of
our couniry politically, we have unboun
ded cause for gratitude to the Giver of
all good for the bestovvment of the boun
tiful farm products of the year now just
closing upon us; and it seems appropriate
that we should, upon this, occasion, take
a retrospective glance at the agricultural
results of the past season, which, in many
respects, has been one of bountiful har
vest, &ad of unprecedented demand of
breadstuffs for shipments to foreign coun
The corn crop has been good in 'nea'rfv
every section of the country ; the mild
and favorable weather of autumn, ripen
ing it in nearly all sections, where from
early frost the two preceding years, it
failed to matui e. The indigenous cereal
of our country is'the most important farm
crop cf the United States. "In fact, the
two next greatest in the'ohion, wheat and
hay, do not equal it in money value."
By the census return for 1S50, our corn
crop was over 590,000,000 bushels, and
in 1S60, it was estimated atSQO.QOO.OOO,
thus equalling the wheat crop of the
whole earth, and undoubtedly the "sbLnd
corn" of 1861, exceeded - that of any
previous year. The sales ; of corn for
for export at New Forh from the 5th of
October, to 27th of November, exceeded
nine arid a quarter'niiUibns'cf bushels.
At the first glance it would 'seem to be
prosperous times for the corn-growing
farmers of the west, "whose crops have
been so bcuntifdl and the foreign demand
so large. Immense 'quantities bf 'corn
have been sold by Western farmers at
tn dents, a bushel, freight.'cbmmissidns,
insurance, &c. making the 'cost 90 cents
pr bushel in Liverpool.' ,4Wteh the
demand 'comes so, suddenly from. foreign
markets for breadstuff's, a large portion
of the profits of the busiuesi falls to the
share of the inland and ocean carriers."
Time, we trust, will eoon regulate these
matters, so that the producer shall share
a fair proportion of the profits,. ; ,
The yield of wheat per acre the past
season, over large districts bf the country,
fell far short of that of 1S60; the yield
of that year being unprecedently large.
Yet in tbe aggregate the last crop was
enormous, which, while the old stock on
hand the 1st of Janary, has enabled us to
supply France, England, and other for
eign markets, almost fabulous amounts
of wheat and flour. The actual sales of
flour in the city of New York from the
27th of November amounted to 795,000
barrels, and 8,S98.000 bushels of wheat.
The total of wheat exported from New
York from January 1st to November 13th,
was 22,364.903 bushels. . During the
same period there were exported 2.4S4,
079 barrels of flours The above figuers
give but a faint idea of the "vast agricul
tural resources of our country.'. Had the
cereal crops of the United States the past
two seasons been as deficient s in France
and England, if would; seem .as if a fam
ine, tch as we read of in history, tnast
have followed. England and France, at
the present tine can do better without
American cotton than they can without
our bread stuffs.
The oat crop, in , large districts of the
country, was greatly, deficient both in
yield and weight, contrasted with the
extra crop of I860. Backward and wet
weather to a large extent prevented early
sowing, which is an important item in
oat culture, -the late sown being more
liable to rust, smut, and injury from birds,
insects, etc. Thousands of fields of late
sown oats were badly injured by. legions
of . aphides, or , plant hce. ' Where ; the
myriads of lice, over such extensive dis
tricts of the "country, came from, is a
question not so easily "answered by ento
mologists. Whether ofcrfcrain crops are
to be annually sapped by these pests in
future, is at present a matter of conjec
ture. Early, sown grain mostly escapedl
then depredations, while the late ripen
ing, especially oats, were greatly injured,
the sap of the plants, filling out the lice
instead of the grain.- S6uie sections 'cf
the country, were visited with whole brig
ades of the army worm. These, and the
plant lice, were new to most farmers,
who will be very happy to discontinue all
future acquaintances with them. -
The" potato disease has extensively
9 c 1 1 i r T . i ! i"i , I C ! i r! n ii.l tin.
some portions of Lngland. bo in this
country, in some sections the rot has pre
vailed to a ruinous extent; while in other
sections, particularly in many portions of
New England, the rot has scarcely been
noticed, and so plenty are they in many
places where they have cheap freight by
railroad to large markets, that good sound
table potatoes will sell at 25 cents per
bu&heJ, "store pay." Various theories
continue to be put forth as to the cause of
the rot. Practically, they do not amount
to much. . .
A general scarcity of apples and othet
f raits, has prevailed in most nf the north
em and eastern states. The favorable
weather of the present autumn has ri
pened the wood and blossom buds of the
various fruit trees, putting them in good
condition for withstanding the cold of the
coming winter, from which many predict
that the next will be a great fruit year.
The cattle disease (pleuro-pneumonia)
that prevailed so extensively, and caused
so much alarm in Massachusetts and
elsewhere, in 1S60, by t:.e energetic ac
tion of the Legislature and Board of Ag
riculture, was "entirely exterminated."
Could the disease known .at the west as
Hog Cholera, be "effectually extermina
ted," it would ultimately save millions of
dollars to thexorn and pork raising "far
mers of the fertile west.
The hay crop of the past season, es
pecially in the New England States, was
generally much greater than that of the
previous year, while the average price of
beef and store cattle is less than that of
the past several years. The mania for
wool-growing, at the present time, is quite
prevalent in many sections of the country ;
so much so that store sheep "have been
selling at high prices, the supply falling
short of the demand. There are. now in
the'-country a number of well established
and different varieties of sheep.' Some
"breeds are kep't mostly for wool; others
are known as mutton or meat producing
breeds. The farmer,) ebott investing
money inVheep, should make himself well
acquainted with all the bearings in the
case, and carefully ascertained the varie
ty best adapted to his summer feed and
winter keeping. "The Merinos yield
the best, wool, the Cotswolds the most
wool and mutton, and the South-Downs
mutton of the best quality." l. b.
. The Riches of the West. .
.The West is sharing in the activity
manifest in the 'manufacturing dis
tricts. tThe s-fcrnlus of farmroancts,
essential to sustain a large army, in
the hands of the producers at 'the
commencement of the troubles, was
immense. The wheat crop of the
present year, though ot so large as
lieretofore, and in "some "cases seriously
injured by the late 'rains, will yield a
fair amount for shipment, and the World
can draw on the West Tor any bmoant
of corn Without any feur of hiving the
drafts dishonored. Beef, pork, and
provisions of all kinds are in full sap
ply, and no fear shbuld bq entertained
that the Government will need sup
plies, even for a million of men, should
that number be needed to put down
the rebellion. Our armies will con
sume most of the produce from the
West which in former years has otte
to a Southern market. Th'addition'to
what the Eastern States and the grand
army will require of the productsiof
the West, it is now certain that both
England and France will be large
purchasers of our cereals. Prices here,
stimulated by this foreign demand,
would be satisfactory and highly re
munerative, were it not for the enor
mous freights caused by a scarcity of
vessels and the clogging of railways
by the immense shipments which have
been pressing on to the seaboard.
But, like all other vHs of this class,
by another season it will have cured
itself, and the charges for freight will
no longer consume nearly all. 'the
profits of the farmers. So far, there
fore, .as the present prospects will
warrant an opinion, the West an
cheerfally wait the progress of current
events. She has an abundance t)f
food, and oar -own country and Europe
are likely to require all she can spare.
The money for our surplus ii rapidly
placing the West in an independent
position, and with the economy and
the energy practiced by our people for
the pa6t few years, they have every
reason to hope for substantial proa
perity. Let the Government vigor
onsly prosecute the War against the
traitors. The West is ready and
most, willing to do her part of the
fighting; and to bear her share of the
"burdens. Let the rebellion be put
down, cost whatever it may of blood
and treasure. Chicago Tribune.
Wilttan for the Kabrask Tanner.
onc Tilings IhQZt "Cera.
It may seem oflhiie nsa for cce "brought
up in.a cdaniry where gooJ farmers would
raise a whole acre cf corn rn a season,
and sometimes more, to talk to men
brought trp. in a prairie country about
corn! Bat remembering that many of
your, readers have had no -more expe
rience in prairie farming than the writer,
these lines are penned with the hope that
th?y may be of advantage to somebody.
Whatever tnay "be eaid about anything
else as a. staple, corn must long continue
to be one cf the chief products of Nebras
ka. It is idle to talk about raising hogs,
or cattle, or sheep even, to profit, without
something besides prairie hay. I believe
there is nothing can be raised for food
30 cheaply, profitably, and surely, as corn.
How to raise the most with the least ex
pensed becomas aa'impbriant inquiry.
(FBE?AKATI0X , OF Tnr GB0UD.
'Corn nay be raised in this country in
constdereble quantities with very little
care in preparation rafter culture. In
deed I have seen corn raised in this
country without any other plowing than
a rough furrow in which to plant the corn,
and a little plowing between the rows
while the corn was growing ; but no man
that calls himself a .'farmer ought to be
satisfied with 'anything short of the'most
thorough system, of cnlture that can be
made profitable in hi'3 circumstances.
'The most important part of preparation
is the plowing. Experience has proved
that the true policy is to let the plow run
deep. Vhe common practice is shallow
plowing, probably because it can be done
quicker and with less team ; but it. is far
better to plow one acre per day in such a
way as to raise fifty bushels per 'acre,
than to run over two acres and get only
thirty per acre. If the ground has been
plowed shallow previously, 'the best way
is to go dowh an Inch or two at a time.
TheTe is fao fea'r of stirring the ground
too deep. If the season is wet, it serves
to drain off the surplus water quickly,
and if dry, the roots can strike below the
scorching, parching influence of the sun.
Perhaps many 'of 'your readers 'wiU'ihink
it folly to talk about plowing with a dou
ble team in old ground, but when they
put the plow down about ten or twelve
inches, they will find a good team neces
sary. Quite 'a difference cf opinion exists
among farmers as to the best manner of
planting. Some prefer a shallow furrow
and 'light covering, 'while 'other like to
nave St deeper. In many places in "the
East, ccrn buried as we plant it here
would never see the light. I have often
seen the ground thrown up in ridges.'and
'the com planted ou the ridge with about
an inch in depth of covering. I hae
seen it planted in different Ways in this
country; but after five years experience
and observation, a good furrow to drdp
the corn in, and two good hoefulls of dirt
to the hill for corn, suits me about as well
as any way.
rnr hist time tq flstt
Here, 'tod, farmers differ. Seme "pre
fer the last of April, and some the last of
May. If the aeasonbe favorable through
out, corn will do well planted anytime
from the middle of April to the middle
of June; but if August and September
be dry, two weeks difference in the time
of planting will often make an important
difference in the crop.
Last year, owing to the drouth in this
prt of the Territory, the best time to
plant was April 15th. This year the
25th was about the right time to begin ;
and. I think as a general rale, from the
20th of April to he 4th cf J'lay is the
best time to plant.
arrt'a 'CuxTtrar. ..
. litis aneroid be commenced, as soon as
the ccrn will do, nd finished before the
roots of the com liave tpfead so as to be
broken much -by the plow. Corn should
row both ways, and if you have nothing
better than a shovel plow, two furrows in
a row each way, and the third time
through three in a row will do very
well. If the ground is clean it will not
require rab-ch work with a hoe. If the
weeds spring up after the third plowing,
it maybe well to run through lightly
with a cultivator, so as not to break the
roots of the corn. ' If the ground has
suScient moisture, the corn will send out
new roots ; but if it is dry, breaking the
roots will materially injure the crop.
If this management fails to bring good
corn in ordinary seasons, some one ele
must prescribe. , G. L. G.uffisc.
Tahh RqcKN. T '
Written for tbe Kebraaka Firssr. '
Can tlie Grape be PrcHlatlj ro"S
In Xcl)rss!ka? '
The quistion heading this article we
will answer for .ourselves, and hope to
bear from others who have beengrowirj
the grape here, that we may, by com
parison and close observation, got at tha
true resources of the soil, the advantages
of climate and favorable season fcr rip?n
icg the grape in Nebraska. For nys?Jf,
I pass cpon it in ihis wi;o:
There never wa3 -a county under th
sun where the vine grovvs with such
vigor, health and soundness a3 in this
country. In this statement we do not
except any country, not even Italy, the
land of the vine, or Germany or France.
In all these countries, disease oft blights
a promising crop ; mildew fas.sn3 upca
the foliage, 'and the fruit is a failure ;
while insects pry upon the . vino in cno
way and another, which leaves the grape
growing interest subject to the same
losses, of 'that of any ether . par
suit. Not so, we cf the land cf the Otse,
SIamt nrl Pact-npa. 'fljrs i literalJv th
tjim. - - j
heme of the vine, where almost, every
tree and shrub, is bound together, until
the whole seems like cne vast o'J vine
that has '.hrown out hi3 netting and en-
embrace, llere ripen yearly grapes that'
produce a Idler vrine than can be made'
from'any foreign fruit that ever grew.
Go out from the timber iato the prairie,
and here you find I the vine straggling
through the tough sod, and spreading out
its branches upon the earth. Wild
grapes are certainly very abundant alosg
all our stretrr.s and woodlands ;. and
many of 'them are far superior i a favor
and size, to a Clinton or Catawba.
Then again the 'cultivated varices
Anna, Diana, DMaware, Ilerberaont,
Hartford Prolific, Loui?a, Rebecca, To
Kalon; Taylor's Bullet, Ontario. Hyde's
Eliza, Franklin, and over thirty other
popular kinds, all ripen, their wood finely
with me, and do not kill. ' Frcm nearly
all these I expect fruit the coming sa-.
son. Such a growth as inany .of tuein
have made of good, sound, well-ripened
wood, I never before witnessed, except
theje intended for fruiting next summer,
which were severely pruned back when
The soil of Nebraska, so porous, rich
and prolific in "forcing," is well adapted
to the crane without any manure. It
needs none here, and not cne half the
cultivation that 'it docs in sections cf
country farther East. Grapes that ripen
in New York in September, in Nebraska
are ripe in July and August.
B. O. Tiioirrtcir.
Cotton Growing In Illinois. .
... A correspondent of the Chicago
Tribune gives interesting facts con
cerning cotton and cotton growing in
that State. It seens that 20 or 25
years ago tiotton was grown to a con
siderable extent in the ccr.tr.il and
southern part of the State, being cul
tivated on nearly every farnr and
worked up by hand into various fab,
rics for family cse. As late as IS-iO,
thousands of yards of it wcro sold in
'Chicago, brotsgnt by farmers, whose
daagbters ancl wives had carded, spun
and wove it. The cheapening of the
rates of transportation, by which the
demand for other products of the soil
was increased, and the low price- of
cotton and cotton goods, operated to
substitute other staples which werb
nore profitable, and the culture of
cotton gradually ceased. . .
Daring the present season the at
tention of the people has been called
to the great profit which might result
from the cultivation of this staple at
'the present time, and those conversant
with the matter assert that in all parts
of the State south of 40 degrees' of
latitude the cotton plant will flourish,
and is as certain of a good crop ai
eorn or wheat. A field of ten acre.i
in Christian county wa.s planted in
June last, and notwithstanding the
planting was a month later than the
usnai xime, u nas rnaae & yield of
three hundred pounds to the acre, an.jl
the owner is so well satisfied that next
year he will plant two thousand acres.
Other parties have also determined t
engage in it, and if seed can be had it
will be planted extensively in that and
other ' counties. Arrangements are
making for the ginning and bailing of
the cotton, and a large crop is antici
pated this year. An' old Tennessee
cotton-planter, who hns resided and
cnltivated-.cotton jn Christian 'euntv
for the-' Inst twentv.-wen v;-ira,
that Juri1: lha -.w: i T:t Lrl.fiil,.
with a rli-gb .crop of; celt en,- thuuh
he has with both ccrn trul wi.?
Powered by Open ONI