Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882, January 23, 1862, Image 1
,;.TfiE ADVERTISER, f CBUSHXD KVZBT THCESDAT BT .fCKNAS,- LYANNA& FISHER,! j Story Strickler Block, UAin Street '.. nnoYfr villi:, jr. t. TERMS: .,roiiey'r'lf Pl ' - - - - $2 J0J if paiJattbeendof montbs 3 . 1J s 2 00 3 CO 00 " cf 1J r m will be furniohed at ft to per r'a. pfTiied tbech cconpani tbe order, notj " I J I A. ' V AyR: :X I Ay Ayr v y i v J j : ' v.-...'-: : - x i A - - A - .. I ; ! ;; i A j l M :: j I j j j ' h i ' 1 -A . , j j "LIBERTY' AND UI3TOI7, OITE AIID nrSEPEHABLXI, IIOW AIID rORSVEIl'- THE" ADVERTISER Eatca of Advertise Ot!qnarftenlinorli)6T!t!ajrr.:on, tl C1 lacli additional lusertioa - 61 Oa square, est niuiita - - - - I CJ BaaweM Carls, six Hjsj of lwi, c;j raw One coin ma me year - ... . eoi- One hail oiuaa ne j?sr . . . ti ? O-e fourth eo! urea ora 7r . JS 00 Ott eiglita colaaia or yaar IS 01 Oaeeoiutna Hi tir.'ii . - - 5 U3 One balf eglaraa is noi:t9 Sta Ooe fourti evianin x inoaibi 19 C9 Oca eighia of a column six months - 6 CO OTiecosuma tiree acB!b . . . Co CJ One half column three moatfc . II 03 One faurt!j column three in ntb - . in m Oce eUUta colcn.a three moDifcs S M ADr-ouacini CacdiuAtea for (?v(usnt la ai?attce) ------ flw VOL. VI. BUSINESS CARDS. Augustus Schoenlieit ATTORNEY AT LAW, AND SOLICITORS IN CHANCERY, Corner First and Uain Streets, protvnvllle, - - - Acbraslta dr.d. gwin, Ha vine: permanently located in EROWNVILLE, NEBRASKA, jor the practice of MJicine and Surgery, ten- 0ct co Main Strett. no23v3 BEOWNVILLE, NEBRASKA, THUESDAY, AT AN-, 23, 1862, NO 29 PREPARE IV TIMC AGAINST TUR THE FIRES OF FALL, B Prime, A. So. 1 Insurance, IN THE mm mm a OF HARTFO Xs. 110 L LAD AY, M. D. Ii'tilly informi bi friends In Brownvilie and aejittf viciuity that be ba resumed the practice of .tfedlcine, Surgery, &. Obstetrics iJllc,pei,brtrvct attention to bis prof esfcion, to receive ibicP"ruB PtrooPe heretofore extended to him. In . e here it it posaiblror expedient, a prescription ..'.M,fwiiiledoiie.- Offlceat City Uruc Store. feb.24,'69. 5.1y JAMES S. BEDFORD ATTORNEY AT LAW, , AND Master Conmissiocer In Chancery. -esowtolz, x. T. T. M. TALCOTT, MNTAL SURGEON", Daring located himself in Brownvilie, N. T., tea ier&it professional aerrioes to thecommunity. I'ijohn warranted. .Clocks Watches & Jewelry. J. SCHUTZ - Tonldannonncetotbeoitieeaa of Brownvilie yjVsnd vicinity that be has located himself in Brownvilie. andintends keeping a full assort. LitLt uf everything in his lineof butiines, which will totsM lew fr canh; Tie will also do all kinds of re iirf of clocks, -watches and jewelry. All work wr nntetl. v3nl8ly EDWARD W. THOMAS, ATTORNEY AT LAW, S licit or in Chancery. Office Aurner of Main and First Streets. BROWNVILLE, NEBRASKA. THOMAS DAVIS, CLECTIC PHYSICIAN SURGEO'N, TABLE ROVK, NEBRASKA Reference, Dr. D. Owin, Brownrille. LEWIS WALDTER, HOUSE. SIGN AND ORNAMENTAL wUUER-AKD PAPER HANGER. . , liiiOWNVILLE, N. T. i I lit Xcvcst and Besl JIuIc . Rlli Vocal nnd intruciental by thowt Ameriotn . tnd Eurojiean rfriers. sppoara regularly ererr ek lo the MOUSLUOLD JOL'KXAL. Irice Fi.ur Cenu. A new mnghj Uj'hen Glortr, appears So, 1, Vol 2. . : Nexsr Shoe Shop. , " BROiVTJLLE, NEBRASKA, &pctfuliy Informs tbe citiiens of this place and tcimty jtt-'be has comrnenaed the manufactory of xti d atoes In Brownvilie, and bopea by attent,lon andeare t 'Tnrtt a share oT rbllc patronnRe. JLt surk is all of tbtfeest quality,, and bis work all war ranted to "give satisfaction or no pay." will stylesuf work, from a No. 1, fine calf skin boot, toAeoarae tro&aa, at prices ao low that nona can mpiala. . .&tve me'arail at xrry akop, oa First straet, betweea iu and Water, irownrllle, Kay, W6I ly J. WILSON BOLLINGER, AND Connsellor at Law General and CoIIcctlnjr Acnt. BEATRICE, GAGE CO., .NEBRASKA. WILL practice in the seve at Courts in Gage and adjoining counties, and will give prompt attention to all business entrusted tobim. Collections prompt ly tnaae. t57"J articular attention pifen to locat ' in? Land Warrants on lands carefully selected by "September 25, '61. nl2-yly H. A. TERRY, fiTioksale and Retail Dealer in harden, Field and Flower Seeds, . " '.ALSO GRAPE YIXTS, GOCSEEESEIXS, Currants, Raepbrriea, Blackberries, Rotti, and Ornamental Slmbbtrg Generally. CRCSCCNT CITY IOWA. ' -'pnopJEBia . Clli:a,xi'ULot:o237' ' . BIIIDERY, -COUNCIL BLUFFS, IOWA. V7IILIALI F. KITEIL . Vay 17, 1860. The Fruits of the Phanix Are manifest in the following statement of Facts and Fgures, showing the amount eqaaiized to public benefit, in the shape of losses paid in the west and South, durin6 the past four years ; a substantial rec ord of a Well Tried Corporation. fl.W oo... 40.377 55-.. 27,622 4-.. 69.174 56-.. 32.670 OS. .. 34.220 13-.. 19.323 34-.. 8.C63 10... 9.765 00... 34,051 36.... 43,051 90 20,832 55 XERBASKA ...OHIO INDIANA... ..ILLINOIS.... MIUAICAN... WISCONSIN ... IOWA MINNESOTA- KANSAS... KENTUCKY .. TENNESSEE-. MISSISSIPPI $1,167 on 40.377 45 27,622 94 69.174 55 32.C70 08 34.220 13 li,323 34 8.653 10 9JQ5 I'O 34,054 36 43,054 90 10.832 55 27,693 83 22,vJ9 43 3,961 98 555 55 27,698 83 MISSOURI . 22,839 43 ARKANSAS 3,961 68 TEXAS... 555 56 ALABAMA. Insurances solicited, and oIicies issued and renew ed in this leading Corporation, at fair rates by E. W. THOMAS licsident Airent. Brownvilie, Sept. 5, I3G0. CITY LIVERY STABL AXD BROWNVILLE, NEBRASKA. ROGERS & BROTHER, ANNOUNCES to the public that he has purchased the Livery Statle and Stock formerly owned by William KiweCil and added thereto fine btock, a ad is now prepar ed to accommodate the public with Carriages, Buggies, Sulkies, . Saddles Horses THE TRAVELUKG PUBLIC Can find at hifc Stable ample accommodations for horses, mules or cattle. BENJAMIN &. JOSHUA ROGERS. Brownvilie, Oct. 18. 1660. nlft-yly J0HIT L CAES0II (Successor to Lusbbaugh & Carson. 2S3 S3T 132. o LAND AND TAX PAYING Dealer in Coin, Uncurrtnt Monty, Land Warrants, Exchange, and Gold Dust MAIN STRKKT. RROlYftVILLE, - ClUt ASILA. t will cive especial attention tobuyinp; and sellins; ex .1)Mnt;e on the principal cities of tbe United States axd Carope, Gold Silver, uncurrent Jiank Bills, and 6ld Dust, Collections made on all accessable points, and proceeds remitted In exchange at current rates. Deposit received on current account, and interest al lowed oo speoia-i deposit. OFFICE, 3IAFA STREET, BETWCO' THE Teleg-rupli and tbe U. S. Land OKices. REFERENCES: XJnd Brother PbUadelphla, Pa. t. V. Carson St Co.. . " Hiser. Dik it Co. Baltimore, Md. rouac h. Carson, , .' . " Jeo. Thompson Jf ason, Col'r f Port, wm. T. Smithson, Esq., Hanker, J. T. Stevens, Esq., Att'y at Law, Jno. S. Gallaber, Late 3d And. C S. Tarlor & atriexh, Bankers, McClelland, Pre & co., H., Thomas G. Pratt, Ron. J as O. Carson, P. B. Smali, Ksq., Prei't 8. Bank, Col. Geo. Schley, A'y at Law, Col. Sam. Hambietonltt'y at Law, Judge Thos. Perry, Prof. H. Tutwiler, Washlngtor, D. C. Chicago, HI. St.'Lotris,,Mo.! ArmapoliB, lid. VercerbburgPa Bagertown, Sid. t. Estcr.,Md. Cumberland, Kd Havana, Alabma. Kov 8, 1360-tf. PIKES' PEAK GOLD I I will receive Pike'a Peak Gold and advance money upon the same, and pay over balance of proceeds as soon as If int returns are bad. In all cae, I wi1 exhibit the printed returns of tbe United States; it in 3T Assay ooice. JNO. L. CARS ON , BULLION AND EXCHANGE BROKER BROWNVILLE, NEBRASKA. no!0v4 FAIRBANKS' r Pi," STAKUAED 'SCALES h r ALL EtKDt. FAIRBAIIKS & GREEMLEAF, ItH LAKE ST CISICA0, ' And corner of Main & Walnut Sta, St. Louis. tSBUT ONLY THE GENUINE. REAL ESTATE AMU Collection Office O F "37- "77". I3oaLTcirc2., BROWNVILLE, NEBRASKA. Main, Between Lcv.e and First Streets. Particular attcntf oil given to tlic Purchase and Sale of Ileal Estate, 31 akin sr Col lections and Payment of Taxes for Xon-Kcsl-dents. LAND W ARRANTS FOR SALE, for caeh and on time. LAND WARRANTS LOCATED forEasternCap itotiet,ft land el oc ted from personal examination, and a complete Township Kap, stvowing Stream, Timber, Acn forwarded with tbe Certificate of loca tion. Brownville.N.T. Jan.S. yl kPikeys Peak, or Dust.w NEW PROVISION A WD A. COS ST AIILE, . IMfOKTril AKD DEALER in IRON, STEEL, ' NAILS, castings, springs, axles, files blacksmith's tools ta): hubs, Spokes, and Bent Stuff. fTlrd Street, between Felix and kdinond, SAINT JOSEPH, MO. "blch ba sells at ft. Louis prices for easn. l uigcesi rrict rum rr ccrap j.roo. DRY GOODS HOUSE. Wo. 11, 2a1zx 3 1 root, BR0Y7ITVILLE, IT. T. J. EJEHHSTO c& Co Have Jost completed their new Business house on Vain Street, near tbe U.S. Land Office, in Brownvilie where tbey have opened oat and areoCVring on the most ravorame ireio. Dry Goods, jProvisions, Of all Kinds, FLOUR, CONFECTIONARIES, Gr.CC, AXD DRIED rKUITS, Choice Liquors, Cipars, And a "tnonsand and one," other things everybody m A' i ' v. . s. . . w f-" - T ' ' - , rT needs. CALL AND EXAMINE OUR STOCK rownlU, April S, lj SEMMNKUIL STATEMENT, No-102- CAPITOL and SURPLUS 8932302.98. AlAy 1st. IQCl. ' Cash and cash Items ! " ' - t9 BS8 T8 Loans well secured - - - - - 66,253 20 Heal Katate - v - - ' - 16,uoo oo 236 bhares Ttartford Bank Stocks - - 274,b69 00 1-125 New York " " - ' - ' - 193.350 00 1010 " Boston " " - - -100 730 00 507 ' other " .'. - 68 085 00 United State and State " " - - 73 867 00 llartfd&N Haven K.B.tonds" - - 39 700 00 Hartford City Bonds - - . 86 750 00 Conn. River Co. fcB.K. Co. -Stock - - 4 600 00 Total Assets - - - $032 302 98 Total liabilities - - - - . 73.244 27 For details of investments, see small Card; and Cir cular. . Insurances may be effected in this old and substantial Company ou very favorable terms. Apply to JOHN L. CARSON, Apt BROWNVILLE, N T. 5j Dwellings and Farm Property insured lor a term of years at very low rates fi lyno4 Johns & Crosley, SOLE MANUFACTURERS OFTnE I11PROVED GVTA PEUCIIA CEMENT ROOFING, the Cheapest and most durable. Roofing t - t in use.- . IT IS FIRE AND WATER PROOF It can be applied to new and eld roofs of all kinds, and to shingle rifs without removing the shingles. The cost in only one-third of Tin, and Is twice as durable. Gutta Percha Cement . r For preserving and repairing tin and other metal roofs of everp description, from its great elasticity is not in jured by tbe contraction and expansion of metals, and Will not crack in cold or Run in warm weather These materials have been thoroughly tested in New Tork and all parts of the Southern and Western states, aud we can give abundant proof f all we claim in their favjr Tiiey are readily applied by ordinary laborers, at trifl ing expense. ' . . ' ' i "NO HEAT IS REQUIRED." These materials are put up ready for use and for Shipping to allparts of the Couviry, with full printed directions for apj)lication. Full descriptive circulars cill be fu nished on application by mail, or in per son, at our principal office, 510, BROADWAY, (Opposite St. Nicholas Hotel ) NEW YORE, JOHNS & CROSLEY. - Feb. 28, 1861. AGENTS WANTED. 6mo- V urniture Manufactory. The Undersigned having opened a shop at the BROWNVILLE STEAM MILL, 2 Are prepared to putnp all kinds of CflBIDET wons To order, at saort notice. We will manufacture BUREAUS SAFES . DESKS TABLES . - STANDS . LOUNGES CRIB CRADLES ROCKING ' OFFICE CHAIRS CHAIRS WINDOW LOUNGES CHAIRS &c. &c. We are also prepared to fnrnisb Coffins with the ut most dispatch. We have on hand weli tafonet' Black Walnut lumber for that purpose. We have tbe facili ty. f matin? fnmitiirp us chp.m as it can be furnished in thin mnntrr. when dnrability is taken into the ac count, as we warrant all of our work. We solicit the patronage of the community. We will lake in eTchanjre for furniture all kinds o: farm produce. The birhest prices for butter, tgs, and lard will be paid the euihe hot season. Brownvilie; May 30, ly. CHAMBERS &. NOTF.S. BROWNVILLE For the Nebraska Advertiser. Faltb, Hope and Charity. Fsltn In futurity, through Hit commacd, Holy security, solemnly and; We must bave ample Faitb in heaven's powers. Inexorable death prostrates all ours. (ra Immortality Hope oft bestows Seeming reality, soothing our woes V 1 He pa loves prosperliiea' pleasures to stare Leaving adversities' night io despair. . Heaven-born Charity, all must adore, Sootl in. disparity Hveen rich and poorl - Gem 'T supernal rsy, to tbee 'tis given, ; .- -To watt tbrocgh eternal day Inseiice toheavfen'. 7aUh, that tby works bave teen found true and just Hu;e fur salvaticn when dust turns to dust -Charity, let all msnkind share, in tby love These bring, 'in tru'b combined, bliss from above. i"S TliORH, CQLEF'AtI, CO., nnounce te the traveling public that their splendid commodious Steam Ferry running across from Brownvilie, iEi -Vjraska. Is one the best In every respect on tbe Tpper kls soori river. The Boat makes regular trip every hour so thut no time will be fc-st in wailing. . Tae banks t both si of ttie rtvr are low and well rarted which renders unloading ucueceary as is the case at m t other ferries. No fears need beenterraiced as to difflcultiea at or near this crossing, as everybxly in this region, on both sides of the river. Is tor the I'nien tbe troniret kind. Our charges tonan item lhee hard times are lower than at any other crosoing. Travelers from Csrssk to Iowa and to the eant will find this tha nearest and best route i" every respect. THORN. COLEMAN & CO. Brownvilie, Nebraska, Sept. Slst, 1S6I. Furniture ! Furniture ! ! The most complete stock of Furniture ever. offered in this upper country Jnst received by T. HILL. - Brownvilie, April 3. tSX. From the Couu try Gentleman and Cultivator. - . The Close of trie Tear. . The year 1S61S8 full of startling and important incidents so frought .with mourning and desolation in many sections of our once united and happy, country, is drawing to a close. - -Within the last nine months the unwanted note of war has sounded . throtighoat' the length and breadth of the land, and everywhere has been heard the clash and clangor of dead ly weapons its bar. neighbors and friends have armed themselves for fight." Trea son has reared its black front, and brother has raised his fratricidal hand against brother, until our country, from being at once the glory and the envy of the other nations of the earth, has become a thing to b pointed at with jibes end jeers by old world despots" to be looked upon with grief and consternation by those whose large sympathies and noble hearts have led them to admire and reverence her .' free institutions,' her unexampled prosperity. The end of these things b not yet; but we! believe that God will prosper the right, and though the furnace may be "seven times heated", that shall purge away our country's dross, she will come forth unharmed' from the fiery trial. But, notwithstandig the. deploral state of our couniry politically, we have unboun ded cause for gratitude to the Giver of all good for the bestovvment of the boun tiful farm products of the year now just closing upon us; and it seems appropriate that we should, upon this, occasion, take a retrospective glance at the agricultural results of the past season, which, in many respects, has been one of bountiful har vest, &ad of unprecedented demand of breadstuffs for shipments to foreign coun tries. - The corn crop has been good in 'nea'rfv every section of the country ; the mild and favorable weather of autumn, ripen ing it in nearly all sections, where from early frost the two preceding years, it failed to matui e. The indigenous cereal of our country is'the most important farm crop cf the United States. "In fact, the two next greatest in the'ohion, wheat and hay, do not equal it in money value." By the census return for 1S50, our corn crop was over 590,000,000 bushels, and in 1S60, it was estimated atSQO.QOO.OOO, thus equalling the wheat crop of the whole earth, and undoubtedly the "sbLnd corn" of 1861, exceeded - that of any previous year. The sales ; of corn for for export at New Forh from the 5th of October, to 27th of November, exceeded nine arid a quarter'niiUibns'cf bushels. At the first glance it would 'seem to be prosperous times for the corn-growing farmers of the west, "whose crops have been so bcuntifdl and the foreign demand so large. Immense 'quantities bf 'corn have been sold by Western farmers at tn dents, a bushel, freight.'cbmmissidns, insurance, &c. making the 'cost 90 cents pr bushel in Liverpool.' ,4Wteh the demand 'comes so, suddenly from. foreign markets for breadstuff's, a large portion of the profits of the busiuesi falls to the share of the inland and ocean carriers." Time, we trust, will eoon regulate these matters, so that the producer shall share a fair proportion of the profits,. ; , The yield of wheat per acre the past season, over large districts bf the country, fell far short of that of 1S60; the yield of that year being unprecedently large. Yet in tbe aggregate the last crop was enormous, which, while the old stock on hand the 1st of Janary, has enabled us to supply France, England, and other for eign markets, almost fabulous amounts of wheat and flour. The actual sales of flour in the city of New York from the 27th of November amounted to 795,000 barrels, and 8,S98.000 bushels of wheat. The total of wheat exported from New York from January 1st to November 13th, was 22,364.903 bushels. . During the same period there were exported 2.4S4, 079 barrels of flours The above figuers give but a faint idea of the "vast agricul tural resources of our country.'. Had the cereal crops of the United States the past two seasons been as deficient s in France and England, if would; seem .as if a fam ine, tch as we read of in history, tnast have followed. England and France, at the present tine can do better without American cotton than they can without our bread stuffs. The oat crop, in , large districts of the country, was greatly, deficient both in yield and weight, contrasted with the extra crop of I860. Backward and wet weather to a large extent prevented early sowing, which is an important item in oat culture, -the late sown being more liable to rust, smut, and injury from birds, insects, etc. Thousands of fields of late sown oats were badly injured by. legions of . aphides, or , plant hce. ' Where ; the myriads of lice, over such extensive dis tricts of the "country, came from, is a question not so easily "answered by ento mologists. Whether ofcrfcrain crops are to be annually sapped by these pests in future, is at present a matter of conjec ture. Early, sown grain mostly escapedl then depredations, while the late ripen ing, especially oats, were greatly injured, the sap of the plants, filling out the lice instead of the grain.- S6uie sections 'cf the country, were visited with whole brig ades of the army worm. These, and the plant lice, were new to most farmers, who will be very happy to discontinue all future acquaintances with them. - The" potato disease has extensively 9 c 1 1 i r T . i ! i"i , I C ! i r! n ii.l tin. some portions of Lngland. bo in this country, in some sections the rot has pre vailed to a ruinous extent; while in other sections, particularly in many portions of New England, the rot has scarcely been noticed, and so plenty are they in many places where they have cheap freight by railroad to large markets, that good sound table potatoes will sell at 25 cents per bu&heJ, "store pay." Various theories continue to be put forth as to the cause of the rot. Practically, they do not amount to much. . . A general scarcity of apples and othet f raits, has prevailed in most nf the north em and eastern states. The favorable weather of the present autumn has ri pened the wood and blossom buds of the various fruit trees, putting them in good condition for withstanding the cold of the coming winter, from which many predict that the next will be a great fruit year. The cattle disease (pleuro-pneumonia) that prevailed so extensively, and caused so much alarm in Massachusetts and elsewhere, in 1S60, by t:.e energetic ac tion of the Legislature and Board of Ag riculture, was "entirely exterminated." Could the disease known .at the west as Hog Cholera, be "effectually extermina ted," it would ultimately save millions of dollars to thexorn and pork raising "far mers of the fertile west. The hay crop of the past season, es pecially in the New England States, was generally much greater than that of the previous year, while the average price of beef and store cattle is less than that of the past several years. The mania for wool-growing, at the present time, is quite prevalent in many sections of the country ; so much so that store sheep "have been selling at high prices, the supply falling short of the demand. There are. now in the'-country a number of well established and different varieties of sheep.' Some "breeds are kep't mostly for wool; others are known as mutton or meat producing breeds. The farmer,) ebott investing money inVheep, should make himself well acquainted with all the bearings in the case, and carefully ascertained the varie ty best adapted to his summer feed and winter keeping. "The Merinos yield the best, wool, the Cotswolds the most wool and mutton, and the South-Downs mutton of the best quality." l. b. . The Riches of the West. . .The West is sharing in the activity manifest in the 'manufacturing dis tricts. tThe s-fcrnlus of farmroancts, essential to sustain a large army, in the hands of the producers at 'the commencement of the troubles, was immense. The wheat crop of the present year, though ot so large as lieretofore, and in "some "cases seriously injured by the late 'rains, will yield a fair amount for shipment, and the World can draw on the West Tor any bmoant of corn Without any feur of hiving the drafts dishonored. Beef, pork, and provisions of all kinds are in full sap ply, and no fear shbuld bq entertained that the Government will need sup plies, even for a million of men, should that number be needed to put down the rebellion. Our armies will con sume most of the produce from the West which in former years has otte to a Southern market. Th'addition'to what the Eastern States and the grand army will require of the productsiof the West, it is now certain that both England and France will be large purchasers of our cereals. Prices here, stimulated by this foreign demand, would be satisfactory and highly re munerative, were it not for the enor mous freights caused by a scarcity of vessels and the clogging of railways by the immense shipments which have been pressing on to the seaboard. But, like all other vHs of this class, by another season it will have cured itself, and the charges for freight will no longer consume nearly all. 'the profits of the farmers. So far, there fore, .as the present prospects will warrant an opinion, the West an cheerfally wait the progress of current events. She has an abundance t)f food, and oar -own country and Europe are likely to require all she can spare. The money for our surplus ii rapidly placing the West in an independent position, and with the economy and the energy practiced by our people for the pa6t few years, they have every reason to hope for substantial proa perity. Let the Government vigor onsly prosecute the War against the traitors. The West is ready and most, willing to do her part of the fighting; and to bear her share of the "burdens. Let the rebellion be put down, cost whatever it may of blood and treasure. Chicago Tribune. Wilttan for the Kabrask Tanner. onc Tilings IhQZt "Cera. It may seem oflhiie nsa for cce "brought up in.a cdaniry where gooJ farmers would raise a whole acre cf corn rn a season, and sometimes more, to talk to men brought trp. in a prairie country about corn! Bat remembering that many of your, readers have had no -more expe rience in prairie farming than the writer, these lines are penned with the hope that th?y may be of advantage to somebody. Whatever tnay "be eaid about anything else as a. staple, corn must long continue to be one cf the chief products of Nebras ka. It is idle to talk about raising hogs, or cattle, or sheep even, to profit, without something besides prairie hay. I believe there is nothing can be raised for food 30 cheaply, profitably, and surely, as corn. How to raise the most with the least ex pensed becomas aa'impbriant inquiry. (FBE?AKATI0X , OF Tnr GB0UD. 'Corn nay be raised in this country in constdereble quantities with very little care in preparation rafter culture. In deed I have seen corn raised in this country without any other plowing than a rough furrow in which to plant the corn, and a little plowing between the rows while the corn was growing ; but no man that calls himself a .'farmer ought to be satisfied with 'anything short of the'most thorough system, of cnlture that can be made profitable in hi'3 circumstances. 'The most important part of preparation is the plowing. Experience has proved that the true policy is to let the plow run deep. Vhe common practice is shallow plowing, probably because it can be done quicker and with less team ; but it. is far better to plow one acre per day in such a way as to raise fifty bushels per 'acre, than to run over two acres and get only thirty per acre. If the ground has been plowed shallow previously, 'the best way is to go dowh an Inch or two at a time. TheTe is fao fea'r of stirring the ground too deep. If the season is wet, it serves to drain off the surplus water quickly, and if dry, the roots can strike below the scorching, parching influence of the sun. Perhaps many 'of 'your readers 'wiU'ihink it folly to talk about plowing with a dou ble team in old ground, but when they put the plow down about ten or twelve inches, they will find a good team neces sary. Quite 'a difference cf opinion exists among farmers as to the best manner of planting. Some prefer a shallow furrow and 'light covering, 'while 'other like to nave St deeper. In many places in "the East, ccrn buried as we plant it here would never see the light. I have often seen the ground thrown up in ridges.'and 'the com planted ou the ridge with about an inch in depth of covering. I hae seen it planted in different Ways in this country; but after five years experience and observation, a good furrow to drdp the corn in, and two good hoefulls of dirt to the hill for corn, suits me about as well as any way. rnr hist time tq flstt Here, 'tod, farmers differ. Seme "pre fer the last of April, and some the last of May. If the aeasonbe favorable through out, corn will do well planted anytime from the middle of April to the middle of June; but if August and September be dry, two weeks difference in the time of planting will often make an important difference in the crop. Last year, owing to the drouth in this prt of the Territory, the best time to plant was April 15th. This year the 25th was about the right time to begin ; and. I think as a general rale, from the 20th of April to he 4th cf J'lay is the best time to plant. arrt'a 'CuxTtrar. .. . litis aneroid be commenced, as soon as the ccrn will do, nd finished before the roots of the com liave tpfead so as to be broken much -by the plow. Corn should row both ways, and if you have nothing better than a shovel plow, two furrows in a row each way, and the third time through three in a row will do very well. If the ground is clean it will not require rab-ch work with a hoe. If the weeds spring up after the third plowing, it maybe well to run through lightly with a cultivator, so as not to break the roots of the corn. ' If the ground has suScient moisture, the corn will send out new roots ; but if it is dry, breaking the roots will materially injure the crop. If this management fails to bring good corn in ordinary seasons, some one ele must prescribe. , G. L. G.uffisc. Tahh RqcKN. T ' Written for tbe Kebraaka Firssr. ' Can tlie Grape be PrcHlatlj ro"S In Xcl)rss!ka? ' The quistion heading this article we will answer for .ourselves, and hope to bear from others who have beengrowirj the grape here, that we may, by com parison and close observation, got at tha true resources of the soil, the advantages of climate and favorable season fcr rip?n icg the grape in Nebraska. For nys?Jf, I pass cpon it in ihis wi;o: There never wa3 -a county under th sun where the vine grovvs with such vigor, health and soundness a3 in this country. In this statement we do not except any country, not even Italy, the land of the vine, or Germany or France. In all these countries, disease oft blights a promising crop ; mildew fas.sn3 upca the foliage, 'and the fruit is a failure ; while insects pry upon the . vino in cno way and another, which leaves the grape growing interest subject to the same losses, of 'that of any ether . par suit. Not so, we cf the land cf the Otse, SIamt nrl Pact-npa. 'fljrs i literalJv th tjim. - - j heme of the vine, where almost, every tree and shrub, is bound together, until the whole seems like cne vast o'J vine that has '.hrown out hi3 netting and en- embrace, llere ripen yearly grapes that' produce a Idler vrine than can be made' from'any foreign fruit that ever grew. Go out from the timber iato the prairie, and here you find I the vine straggling through the tough sod, and spreading out its branches upon the earth. Wild grapes are certainly very abundant alosg all our stretrr.s and woodlands ;. and many of 'them are far superior i a favor and size, to a Clinton or Catawba. Then again the 'cultivated varices Anna, Diana, DMaware, Ilerberaont, Hartford Prolific, Loui?a, Rebecca, To Kalon; Taylor's Bullet, Ontario. Hyde's Eliza, Franklin, and over thirty other popular kinds, all ripen, their wood finely with me, and do not kill. ' Frcm nearly all these I expect fruit the coming sa-. son. Such a growth as inany .of tuein have made of good, sound, well-ripened wood, I never before witnessed, except theje intended for fruiting next summer, which were severely pruned back when growing. The soil of Nebraska, so porous, rich and prolific in "forcing," is well adapted to the crane without any manure. It needs none here, and not cne half the cultivation that 'it docs in sections cf country farther East. Grapes that ripen in New York in September, in Nebraska are ripe in July and August. More anon, B. O. Tiioirrtcir. Cotton Growing In Illinois. . ... A correspondent of the Chicago Tribune gives interesting facts con cerning cotton and cotton growing in that State. It seens that 20 or 25 years ago tiotton was grown to a con siderable extent in the ccr.tr.il and southern part of the State, being cul tivated on nearly every farnr and worked up by hand into various fab, rics for family cse. As late as IS-iO, thousands of yards of it wcro sold in 'Chicago, brotsgnt by farmers, whose daagbters ancl wives had carded, spun and wove it. The cheapening of the rates of transportation, by which the demand for other products of the soil was increased, and the low price- of cotton and cotton goods, operated to substitute other staples which werb nore profitable, and the culture of cotton gradually ceased. . . Daring the present season the at tention of the people has been called to the great profit which might result from the cultivation of this staple at 'the present time, and those conversant with the matter assert that in all parts of the State south of 40 degrees' of latitude the cotton plant will flourish, and is as certain of a good crop ai eorn or wheat. A field of ten acre.i in Christian county wa.s planted in June last, and notwithstanding the planting was a month later than the usnai xime, u nas rnaae & yield of three hundred pounds to the acre, an.jl the owner is so well satisfied that next year he will plant two thousand acres. Other parties have also determined t engage in it, and if seed can be had it will be planted extensively in that and other ' counties. Arrangements are making for the ginning and bailing of the cotton, and a large crop is antici pated this year. An' old Tennessee cotton-planter, who hns resided and cnltivated-.cotton jn Christian 'euntv for the-' Inst twentv.-wen v;-ira, that Juri1: lha -.w: i T:t Lrl.fiil,. with a rli-gb .crop of; celt en,- thuuh he has with both ccrn trul wi.?