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About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 30, 1862)
Y-EUSUED KYERTTIICTISDAT BT
,f. v as, LYaNNA Si FISHER,
'oMrStrickler's Block, 2Iin Street.
c . ii3o;iE. t.
'...reiir.if paid In advance, - - - - $S 00
if paid attbe endof raontha 2 f0
" . " " 12 " 3 00
" . u or more will be furnUlied at $1 60 per
i - ,,id ibecakn actomuauiea xoe oraer. not
! u ! - tr' V? k VY
: : ! it I i v vj vr X
. " A jK - J
.A3 , VA
1 . m
f II . 54.
J 1 1
Kates of Advcrtlcin' :
, s j e ? 1 -
" LIBERTY AIID TJHIOII, 0:?E AIID INSUPERABLE, NOW AITD FOREVER.'
One vie (ten line or le)ofie !aisrtlu
Xch ad.tniwual lertlta - -
One square, one niuatt - - "
Busiiei Cr-1, iiuw or lea, ot. )
One culanni tnjfr - -
One bk)( enlnuia tne yetr
Oae fourth column oj ysar -
Oue elgHiO caiuciu one jer - -Ou8
col'i'un six m ;ntti8 ...
One Ualf oo'uma ti ni ;itb - -
One fourta Culucon tlx moots .
OaeeiV.bor column I x mt?ij
OnecoMnua three mntii ...
One half column three month -Oue
fourth column three ui uth -
One eUhi.li cl m:io three mi'fi'hi
liDounniiuCiPi-ijte. for.tffl.e (TTen I;
BROWNVILLE, NEBRASKA, THURSDAY, JAN, 30, 1862.
; jjusiNESS CARDS.
: ATTORNEY AT LAW,
SOLICITORS iV CHANCERY,
Corner First and Main Streets,
1 gran'Mlltee - - Acbrsislia
"liir D. GVL,
'" Hatiri'r permanently located in
; U'NVILLE, NEBRASKA,
' j-.r!jf pructice of Medicine and Surgery, ten-
j..jfMfe(ional service? to the alSicted.
off d Main Street. no23v3
5 IIOLLADAV, M, D.
lif-:fni!y Informn his friends In Brovrnville and
3ty-,ericinUy tht he ha resumed the prHCiice of
; Jfdiclnc, Surgery, & Obstetrics,
i .. trtrictattention tohifprofesinn,to receive
' V-jfiirnif patronage heretofore extended, to hiiti. In
.riipre it is olbl-orexjeilient. a pret-cription
be done. otHce at CUy Urug Store
: 'F !4, '6. 15.1 y
- .HMI2S S. BEDFORD
'ATTORNEY AT LAW,
tiNff rocniissioner In Chancery.
-ESOWITVILLE, ' N. T.-
T. M. TALBOTT,
fs.vc located himself in Drownville, N. T., tea
; irjfeftonal services to thecommunity.
Ikks Uratclics'& Jew.elry.
5 ToiA naounceto the:itizenn of Brwnvllle
5 A i:,d rtcniity that be bm located himself in
j jJj3rownville, andioten'lp keeping a f ul I KHort.
rfi: .ifererrthitis in hi line of bubine, which will
: odjjw for ci-li. He will also do all kind of re-
a-jif clocks, watcheandjewelry. All work war.
W . , TSnlSly
EDWARD W. THOMAS,
1 ATTORNEY AT LAV,
Slicitor- in Oh a n eery.
" nffl-e c rrer of Main and First Streets.
XItElAUK I. TI.1IC
AG A INT THE
THE FIRES OF FALL,
, . By I'riuic, A. No. I Insurance,
IH TH E
HJK mm i.
77:5 Frvits of the Phctnix
Are raariife!-t in th following statement of Fact
and Kgures, Knowing the amount equalled to putJio
bent-fit, in the hnpe of loo? paid ia the w-t ai l
Sonth, tlurin., the t..i.-tfocr years ; a ubsta:t'.ji. rec
ord of a
"TcIl Tried Corporation.
f 1 1C7 00-
od in this
NT.CItASKA $1,1C7 00
OillO 40,377 45
IN M ANA 2,fi22 C4
.ILLINOIS ..-69.174 55
MIOAICA.V 32.f)70 08
WISCONSIN 34,220 13
IOWA 19,323 34
MINNESOTA 8,ti: io
KANSAS J,7fij 00
KENTL'CK V 34,054 3(5
TENNESSEE 43.054 90
MISSISSIPPI 10,832 55
MISSOURI 27,i;sS S3
ARKANSAS 22,saa 43
TEXAS 3,9Gl 93
ALABAMA 555 55
leading CorKtratioD, at fnir rates by
E. W. THOMAS
He, Sept. 5, liu'J
SEMI-AXXU1L STATEiEXTt Xo-102-
TABLE ROCK, NEBRASKA
to-.vrence, l)r. I). (Jwin, Brownville.
Xvi: fi. n4D-Iy
LmSIGX AND ORNAMENTAL
AND PAPER HANGER-
UUOWNVlLLE, N. T. .1
Tbe ewcst and Best Music
B :h ocal anj intrumental by the best Amerioan
tod Eurofiran eotnper, arnearf regularly erery
; f k t the HOUSEHOLD JOUIiN AL. Priee Tour
yat. Anew on; by iStephen Glover, appears in
I S .l.Tol 5. .
1 . , i
i I?cw Shoe Shop.
wtfnl!y inform the citiiens of this place and
, "!jy ihat he has comnien.-e4 the manufactory of
! ! ind sboe in Brownville, and hopes by attention
. Wcireio merit a nhare of public patronage. Hia
iMUallof the het qnaltty, and hia wort all war
I t'J to "(rtre satiKfaction or no pay'
i! tylesf work, from a No. 1, fine calf akin boot,
j 'f.trt-e trogan, and at price ao low that nona can
' 'e me a call at my shop, on First street, between
i ownvllie, May 9, 1881ly
1 J. 'WILSON
A K D
Counsellor at La w
Cfncral and Collcctin? .4prent.
WlilCE, GA(ih CO., iNEBRASKA.
""ill rraefiee in theaeve al Courts" in On;r.? and
'-. inirjj oounfie?, and will giye prompt attention
'ouin1 ri)tru?toa to imn. vtu
l lit uiai ak i-ii ki ' t 1 v 14 ivvni-
? Lan.I Hjxants on lands carefully selected by
FteiniK-r 25. '61. - . n!2-yly
H. A. TERRY,
!i IVhoIcsaU and Retail Dealer in
,"ar4cn, Field and Flower Seeds,
CHAPE VIKES,- GOOSESESrvITS,
Currants, Kabrrie. Kackberries.
nnd - Ornamental Shrubbery Generally
OI U :s C Ys'V CITY IOWA
COUNCIL BLUFFS, IOWA.
WILLIAM F. KITER.
'sr n, 1S60.
CITY LIVERY STABL
ROGERS & BROTHER,
ANNOUNCES to the public that he has purchased the
Livery Stable and Stock formerly owned by William
Rneil and ad led thereto fine stock, and U now prepar
el to accommodate the public with
the TnAvlLuija PUBLIC
Can find at his Stable ample accommodatloas for
horses, mules or cattle.
BENJAMIN fc JUiUUA BOUEKS
Brownville, Oct. IS. 160. n!5-yly
JOHN L CARSON
(Successor to Lns'hbaugh & Carson.
22.5 IlSJ IXi o
LAND AXD TAX PAYINJ
Dealer in Coin, Uncurrent Money, Land
Warrants, Exchange, and Gold Dud
M TX STREET.
I irill civn eBnArUl attpntinn tohnvlne and sellinE ex
'.hanye ou the principal cities of the United Stales and
Europe, tioid Silver, nitcurrent nans Bins, ana
Gold Dust, Collections made on all accetsable points,
ana proceeon renimea in exensne ai turrrm iai.es.
Depot it received on current account, aua interest al
lowed on special depotit.
3IAIX STREET. UETIYEEX THE
Telegrrapli and tSie U. S.
Land O Hi ces.
RE F E RE jY C E S:
Llnd & Brother Philadelphia, Pa.
J. W. Carson & -Co., " "
Hiser. Dick & Co. JBaltiraore, aid.
Toune & Carson, " "
Jeo. Thompson Mason, Col'r of Port, " "
wm. t. Hmunson, t.sq., lianier, Bsniujtior, u. v.
T. Stevens, Ea., Atfy at Law, " "
Jno. S. Gallaher, Late 3d And. V. 3.7. ' "
Tarlor &. Kriech, B-uikers, Chicago, 11!.
McClelland, Pye et co., 01. iouis, mo.
Hon. Thomas Q. Pratt, Annapolis, Mi.
non.Ja O.Carson, MeicersburjiPa
P. B. Small, Esq., Pres't S. Bank, Bafertown, ild.
Col. Geo. Schlev. A't at Law '
Col. Sam.lIambletonAtt'y at Law,
junpr 1 00s. jrerry,
frof. H. Tutwller,
Nov 8. lS60-tf .
PIKES' PEAK GOLD!
I will receive Pike's Peak Gold and advance
money upon the same, and pay over balance of prM-ceds
a soon ati Mint return? are had. In all cases, I wl
exhibit the printed returns ot the United Stateiv Min
r At-bay ofrlce.
JNO. L. CARSON,
BULLION AND EXCHANGE BROKER
Or ALL KIXD1.
FAIRBANKS & GREEMLEAF.
! . 12 LAKE ST.. CHICAGO, '
-rr of Llain & Walllut Sts, St. Louis.
I . wifBUV OSLT THE GESCISE.
Main, Rlicctn Lev.e and First Streets.
r,artlc?rnr .ttrntion erlvrn to the
Ea3,rhv--e a::d Sale ol'Real
E;?c, .!J?k!ny Col
I'aj ui cut of raxes lor Xon-Kcsl-
LAND AURANTS FOR SALE, for nh and on
LAND WARKNT.J. LOCATED forEa?terD Cap-it-olisis.im
f- d Wt ffum personal examination,
and a eomjih te Township Map, showing Streams,
Timber, Ac., forwarded with the Certificate of loca
brownville. X. T. Jan. 3. ISfil. jl
. A. C O IV S T A R L. E ,
IMhOHTFR AM PEALEK I
-ON, STEEL, NAILS,
jHXGS, BRINGS, AXLES, FILE
I . 1313 1,1,0 O 9
r't Huhs, Spokes, nd Pent Stuff.
"1 Sireet, f etwecn Te'ix ar.d KunionJ.
,!KT JOSEPH. A0.
5 p-" fce I'Hit ,t Et. Louii priccsfor e,h.
; V',h;,t Pti 'cr licrap Ircn.
'Pike's Peak, or Ilust."
DRY GOODS HOUSE.
33"o. 11, VTftixx stroot,
BROWNVILLE, N. T.
Ilave Jnt completed their new online? house on
Main Street, near the U.S. Land Office, in Brownville
where they have opened out and areoflering on the most
TwT.Ck.y Xst. 1CC1.
Cach and ctsh itema -
Losing well secured - - - -
Beat Kstate - -
2G-26 s-hares ITartford Bank Stocks -"
New Tork " ' -
1010 " Boston "
607 other " '
United State and State " " -
Harttd & N Haven R.R. bonda "
Hartfonl City Bonda
Conn. River Co. A. It. It. Co. Stock
Total A pacta - -
Total liabilities - -
274, $59 00
100 750 00
89 700 00
36 760 00
For details of Investments, see rmall Cardi and Cir
Insurance may be effected In thU old and substantial
Company on very favorable terms.
JOHN L. CARSON, Agt
' BROWNVILLE, N T.
try Pwellines and Farm Property insured lor a term
of years at very low rates lyno4
Johns & Crosley,
SOLE MAXUFACTURKES OF THE IMPROVED
GUT A rCItCHA
Is the Cheapest and most durable Roofing
IT IS FIRE JXD WATER PROOF
It can he applied to new and old roofs of all kinds, and
o hing!e roofs without removing the shingles.
Tliccost is only onc-tiiird of Tin,
and in twice as durable.
Gutta Percha Cement
Fur Tirprvine and renairinc tin and other metal roofs
of pvern description, from Its (treet elasticity is not In
jured by the contraction and expansion ot metals, and
Will not crack in cold or Run m warm
ThnA materials have been thoroughly tefted In New-
York and all parts or the Southern and Western states,
and we can give abundant proof of all we claim in their
They are readily applied by ordinary laborers, at trifl
"NO HEAT lb ltUlUlKD."
These materials are put vp ready for
vse and for Shipping to all parts of the
uouuiry, wua juu pnruea airzcnons jot
Full descriptive circulars will be fur
nished on application by mail, or in per
son, at our principal office.
(Opposite St. Nicholas notel,) NEW YORK,
JOHNS & CROSLEY.
Feb. 23, 1861. AGENTS WANTED. 6 mo-
The Undersigned having1 opened a 8hop
BROWNVILLE STEAM MILL,
Are prepared to prtt tip all kir.ag of
To order, at 6hort nolle. We will nanufactnre
CHAIRS &c. &c.
waarn alo crer.ared to fnrnish Cofftn with the nt
mi.nt dlsDatch. We have on hand well seasoned Black
Walnut lumber for that purpose. We have the facili
ties of mafclnc furniture as cheap as it can be furnished
in this country, when durability is taken into the ac
count, as we warrant all of our work.
We solicit the patronape of the community.
We will take in exehanpe for furniture all kinds ot
farm priduce. The lushest prices for butter, eggs,
and lard will be paid the entire hot season.
CIIAXEEKS & NOTES.
Browrri'le, May 30, ly.
Dry Goods, Provisions,
Of alt Kind.
FLOUR, CONFECTION ARIES,
GREEY ATVD III1XEI rilUITS,
Choice Liquors, Cipars,
And a "thousand and one' other things everybody
CALL AND EXAMINE OUR STOCI-
Erowrrij;. Arl1 ?,, y
THORH, COLEMAIf, CO.,
rnonnce to the travellnir public tout their splendid
eommouious sieamrerry ruumug across irom
Is one of the best in every respeot on the Upper Mis
souri river. The Boat makes re: liar trips every hour
sothat no time win he lostin waiting.
The banks i n both sides of the river are low and wel
graded which renders unloading unnceeary ma is the
case at most other ferries.
No fears need be entertained as io difficulties at or near
this crossing, as everyV-dy in this region, on both side
of the river, is for the Union the ttron?et kind.
Cr charges too au Item theie Lard times are lower
than at any other crossing.
Travelers from Kansas to Iowa a!id to tt east will find
this the nearest and best ronte i" everv respect.
THORN. COLEMAN & CO.
Brownville, Nebraska, Sept. 21st, 1661.
Furniture! Furniture! !
The mt complete stock of Furr iture ever offered in
tPlt Tipper COUnrr.inc recrivwa ry x. HILL,
Rrowtrli;. tril ISfl.
From'the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.
The Promise of the Northwest.
A. man who has never traveled in
the west knows so little about it that
it ia scarcely worth while to talk to
them about it. lie would scarcely
believe a sucker if he were to tell him
that Illinois has furnished a larger
proportion of fighting men than any
thpr state ; and besides that he would
be astonished to learn that she is pre
paring, with her sister States of the
Northwest, to supply our country, and
the Test or mankind, with sugars, syr-1
ups and cotton. Our past history has
been marked by no fixed policy for
making us seli-sustaining in time of
war. And now as war is upon us, and
we are put to the necessity of devising
ways and means fortunately neither
the will nor ability are wanting for this
the sudden destruction of our inter
national commerce would have fallen
much heavier upon us in one of its
branches than it has or will, but for
the timely introduction into the North
west of the Sorghum, Imphee, &c.
Sweets are more than luxuries. They
have become a part of our food. Su
gars and syrus are regarded nearly as
necessary to laraily subsistence ' as
flour and beef. Even in the cabins of
the extreme poor you hear the want
of these articles spoken of as grievan
ces not to be endured.
The success which has attended the
cultivation of Sorghum in the west is
truly wonderful. The plant was in
troduced into France, and cultivated
very extensively, twelve years ago.
But either the soil and climate were
ungenial, or the proper means were
not employed in preparing the syrup,
for it has now gone into disuse for that
purpose, and is grown mostly for the
manufacture of alcohol and vinegar.
The first attempts at introducing it
among our farmers met with distrust.
They remembered the Jtforus muliica-
iilus and other impositions of the east,
and but few would givs the seeds a
place among their garden plants. At
a fair of one of the interior counties of
Iowa, four years ago, the writer saw
the . first sample of Sorghum syrup
manufactured in that part of the State.
Although spoken of with distrust until
examined, very few, if any, who tasted,
expressed any doubts of its success.
lhe gray haired old man who brought
it to the fair had watched its boiling
with the greatest care all the night
previous. He had not been incited
by any award, for none was offered ;
but he saw it a large and profitable
branch of industry which should ulti
mately make the people of Iowa inde
pendent of the South in that particu
lar. Now the country produces all
the syrup used in it, and has a surplus
By information from. Mr. Wallace,
Corresponding Secretary of the Iowa
State Agricultural Society, it appears
that Iowa ha3 produced the past year,
seventy-six and a half per cent, of all
the syrup her inhabitants will require
for the year to come. The Southern
part of the State has the soil, climate,
and every requisite for the successful
culture of Sorghum. In the north the
seasons are too short, and fuel too ex
pensive; still much is grown, and will
probably continue to be for home con
sumption. Minnesota and Wisconsin
are rather too far north; yet these
States have their warm, eunny places
in which sugarcane will mature. We
have no exact data for the product of
Illinois the past year. Many counties
have grown all the syrup that will be
used in them, and not a few have a
portion to export. It may not be safe
to set the figures so h'gh as Mr. Wal
lace has for Iowa, but we may safely
say our State has the past year grown
onehalf the syrup required for the
people of the State. The neighboring
btates of Michigan, Indiana, and Ohio,
have not been unmindful of the impor
tance of this new branch of husbandry.
Four years ago, all the sugar cane
planted in the Northwest was put out
as an experiment. The juice was ex
tracted, and boiled down as an expen
ment. No experiments were ever
crowned with better success in such
untutored hands. Nine-tenths of the
Sorghum grown the following year,
was commenced and carried through
as experiments to satisfy the curiosity
or convince the cautiousness of the
experimentors.- More have been as
tonished at their success ; and the ease
with which all the processes are per
formed, than have faileuof very satis
The fact is, there is no limit to the
amount of sugar cane the Northwest
can produce. We have about corn
enough to last the country about two
years, if not an ear is grown in 18G2;
Farmers will plant more " sparingly
than for several years. Their attention
will be devoted to other articles which
promise better returns. Cotton will
claim ranch attention ; and it would
not bo str-age if with our accus
tomed energy and tact at adaptation,
we should in that branch exceed our
best hopes. But the cultivation of
Sorghum next year will absorb many
fields heretofore devoted to corn.
For instance, one farm near Lodi, will
put in 500 acres, and pledge 500 more
by his immediate neighbors. The soil
i3 good, and this one thousand acre?
may be-set down as good for a quarter
of a million gallons of syrup.
But we are not vet passed the period
of experimenting. We do not knotu
how to clarify the xijrupat home. The
best clarified we have seen ha3 a trste
of the extraneous vegetable mattev
which comes from the cane with the
juice. ve want tins taken out ot tne
juice before it is brought to the boiling
point, and not boiled in. "Boiling it
in makes it thicker," ai a lubberly
farmer said the other day ; but taking
itoutmakes it purer, healthier, clearer,
and every way better. How shall it
Do but give us his secret, and let
us know how to clarify and sufficiently
refine the crude syrups at tho farms
or villages where the juice is expressed
and the Northwest is good for all the
syrups that the whole Yankee nation
can consume. W e can then sell a
good article at 35 cents per gallon,
and make double from land and labor
what we could at corn, oats, or wheat.
Another thing, give U3 the key to
the secret of bringing the crystalliza
ble sugar to perfection in the plant
the time and manner of cutting lor
this purpose and we can also in a
year or two, meet any demand for
sugar. c. T. c.
Chicago, Jan. 7, 18G2.
From the Country Gentleman ami Cultivator.
Eds. Co. Gent. No acclimation or
variation of character ev er takes place
in the existing races of animals or
plants no matter to what region the
former may migrate, or the latter be
carried by man. Under every cir
cumstance tneir moral condition ;s
transmitted with them unchanged and
unchangable. The idea, therefore,
that an animal introduced from a for
ftign country does, after a few years,
change or conform its character to the
climate of its new location, is entirely
erroneous, lhe negro, whose :onge
nial climate ia the burning regions of
Ethiopia, after dwelling for years in a
more northern region, still shivers
with cold at the first approach of
winter, to which the white man is in
sensible. The plant from a warmer
clime perishes at the first frost, when
transferred to the colder regions of the
north. But nature ever provident
presents us with ameliorating condi
tions, not abrupt, but the gradual
effect of her harmonizing influences.
Acclimation and amelioration of the
character and condition of migratory
animals and plants and special attri
butes or qualities that attach solely to
their progeny, and seminal reproduc
ion can alone effect such change, and
then only gradually through succeed
ing generations. This result is based
on a great natural law, by which every
animal, treo or plant partakes in a
degree of the character and soil of
the country and locality where it is
generated. The acclimation of the
Persian grape, Vitis vinifera, be sem
inal reproduction in Italy and France,
to its present condition, still requiring
winter protection, and subject to cli
mate disease, has been a labor of 2,000
years. When first introduced the
vine could not support the winters of
Mediterranean France, but by the ei
tablishment of a government nursery
at the Luxembourg, for the production
of seedlings, myriads of seedlings were
produced, and the most hnrdy selected
from hardy generation, until at length
the various departments of France,
from the Mediterranean to the Rhine,
have been provided with varieties
congenial to their varying climates
and -soils; and France, ever triumph
ant in the developements of sceience,
has rendered a tender exotic subser
vient to her toib, depriving therefrom
the larg3t portion of her national
wealth and governmental revenues.
Wm. R. Prince.
The Sorgnm Calturc.
A writer in lhe Cincinnati Gazette
throws out some good hint in regard to
this crop as follows :
DETERIOBiTlOT OF SORGCM.
There ia still something to be learned
by a great nviny on the subject. It is
well ascertained that the plant is liable
to detonate from various causes. The
juice this year wa? much inferior to -that
of last. Then the average was 9 sacchu
romenter while this it was 6 only two
thirds ns sweet. At first it was difficult
to attribute this to any sufficient -cause.---It
was thought the fact of a cold spring
and late planting the drought afterwards
almost firing the cane and then ths rain
after harvest producing rapid growth,
making a large amount of water in the
plant, would explain it.
IMP'JBE SEED TITBItlDIZ ATIOX.
But whatever influence these causes
may have had, there is another which,
probably, has had more to do with the
deterioration, viz : tho impurity of the
seed. In a large number of instances,
occasional stalks of clear broom-corn were
found, and the mixed character of the
tops and seed showed evidently that it
had hybridized. In some specimens, the
juice only indicated 2 saccharometer.
Seed from such cane ought never to be
planted. Pure unadulterated seed should
only be used at whatever coat. This is
easily obtained m abundance; and m or
der to avoid failure and disapointment,
none should be ised tut such as is known
to be pure.
SOIL AM) EARLY PLAXTirfC,
Another important thing to be under
stood is that it requires good soil and
early planting. Some writers have rec- j
commeded it to be planted on clay soil.
and their advice has been literally fol
lowed by planting where there wns noth
ing but clay; Instead of having a fine
crop of cane, they had a crop oifine cane.
One man's cane was. so very fnt that
three common wagon-loads was all he
raised on an acre, whereas he ought to
have had at least a dozen. It is proba
bly true that a clay sub-soil yields the
sweetest juice, but then it must have some
rich loam on the surface.
WILL IT PAY ?
Give your cane the best ground you
have, such as you know will produce fifty
or sixty busheU of corn per acre, and
you may look for it to pay. An acre of
good cane will yield from 100 to 200 gal
lons, which, at 40 cents per gallon, an
avenge price, will be $10 to SSO. Now,
an average acre of orn is worth S12,
and the labor cf gathering and hauling to
market is about equal to gathering the
cane and making the syrup. Besides, j deep and sink your boxes in th? ground,
Written for tha XoVasS Fanar. .
Everbearing or perpetual rai V-rri?,
or these which only bear a fall crop, ars
a great acquisition to the fruit ;nr'ri
Vet. to secure a fall crop, th'y.mu.t !.j
severely cut back in May or Juno. W .
de not mean by this, cutting out th (it !
canes, which should be don; every fall
after taey are done fruiting, but cutting
off the canes that are to bear the preHi;t
year's crop. The past season wa had a"
quantity cf die Brinckle raspberry which i
we cut down to about twu feet in ta
month of May, and from the?e had an
abundance of fruit all through August
and September. Fruits of any kind et
that season of the year is a rich trat u
U3 who have Intle or none of the larger
fruits yet bearing in Nebraska.
THE WHITE CniSISE EGO PLA5TS.
Ever since the white egg p!ant hni
been before the public, and advertised in
the catalogues, it ha's been esteemed a
ornamental, and the seed so recommended
when sent out. This year we raised
some very fine ones from . seed aent
U3 from Boston. They looked fine, and
we had some of them cooked ; after that
we used no more of the purple or scarht.
It is cf better flavor than the other kind,
twice as productive, and raised with a
great deal less trouble. They are nr ch
earlier than the old varieties, and dj not
seem when young to be to liable U del
truction by insects as the othert.
HOW TO PLAT CCRB15T, STIt iWn T. RR Y ,
MULBERRY AXD BLACX3XB.B.T 8IID TO
MAKE THEM GROW.
Many persona unskilled, in planting
these seeds, fail to maka them grow.
These seeds, when they have become
dry, will eeldom or never vegetate br
simply sowing them ia the spring ts othr
seeds. For the benefit of such unfortu
nates we give below our method, which
never fails if the seed is good.
Take boxes about six inches high,.ni
long and as broad a3 you can ronyeniendy
carry them when filled with earth, let
it be mould or decomposed sod, fill tho
boxes to within two inches of the top,
place your seed in this about one half inch
An Ox with, a Wooden Leg. An
exchange say3 :
A Pennsylvania farmer had an ox
which, while grazing, stepped into a
post-hole and broke ist leg. It being
too lean to kill, the farmer consulted a
physician, who advised cutting off the
leg and substituting a wooden one,
which was den. The ox got well,
was fatted, and sent to Philadelphia
market, where the beef was pronounced
of the best quality.
Every creature knoweth its capacity,
running in the road of instinct.
Indulge in humor just as much as you
plca:e, oo it isn't iil-Luaicr.
the seed of the cane is as good or better
than so many bushels of oat3 for any pur
pose to which oats are applied, while the
fodder is worth double that of corn.
Having had some experience in the cul
ture of Sorghum and Imphee, we say a
word on the difference. Sorghum is the
best for general culture, as it will grow
and ripen earlier. The Imphee requires
a warmer and richer soil. Those who
have warm and sandy loom will succeed
well with the Imphee. Prairie Farmer
Photographing the Eclipse.
Tho Paris correspondent of the
London Photographic News says :
Photographers snd astronomers are
on the qui vivc, making their prepara
tions to observe tho eclipse of the sun
on the 31st of December next, to
which the recent discoveries of MM
Bunsen and Kirchoff in celestial chem
istry impart a new and additional in
terest. One point to which observation will
be specially directed is the exaraina
tion of the spectrum of the corona,
with which the moon will be surroun
ded for a moment, in that portion
nearest the sun, to see if this aureola
exhibits an inversion of the ordinary
solar spectrum, or not, that is to say,
whether Frauenhofer's rays nill be
replaced by brilliant lines.
Since the publication of the labors
of MM. Bunsen and Kirchoff, the
question of a solar atmosphere has
acquired a basis, and is susceptible of
proof by direct experiment. If, for
example, the spectrum of the aureola,
which will be produced on the 31st of
December next, exhibits to us an in
version of the solar spectrum, the
much vexed question will be solved,
and the existence of a solar atmos
phere will become a definite scientific
fact. If the contrary should be the
ca3e, we may be compelled to admit
that absorption takes place in the
6ubstance of the atmosphere, the sur
face of which emits not only all the
rays, but which doubtless contributes
to the light of the sun by a part of its
thickness; whichever it may be, the
experiment. is not impracticable, as it
ha3 already been performed. Sig.
Fusinieri, of Vicenza, tn the occasion
of the magnificent solar eclipse of
1842, analyzed the spectrum of the
aureola. It appears, however, that he
did not attach that importance to it
that recent discoveries have tendered
evident. He contented himself with
remarking that green was entirely
absent from the spectrum 0f the au
reola. The penson at which the com
ing eclip?e takes place does not en
courage the expectation of fair weath
er ; but we hope for the best.
the top of the box level with th.3 earth;
now fill the remaining two inches with
fine rotten manure, raise a little mound
over the box of earth, and leavo it until
warm spring weather. Now take out
your seeds and sow in a small bed, water
ing freely, and after the young plants
come up shaue from tho hot rays of the
sun. Leave the. plants here th first
season, covering with 6trav. as winter
approaches, and the next .spring trans
plant into row. ' Your plant now need
no more "nursing," and will begin to
grow finely. ' R. O.'Tnoxriox.
XemahaXurserj, Dec. 1601.
The preparation buryinj the eed
we presuma is dona in th9 fall, tnd
they allowed to remain ia tha groucd
during winter. Ed.
Written for the. Kebraska Parrnar.
Soivlns Spring Wheat lnXehMsIcs-
Some experiments that have been
marJ trif nmt prr rA in fmt f-f
number of years in Minnesota and Wis
consin, in regard to the time and manner
of sowing spring. wheat, prove conclusive
ly that very early, or winter towing, ia
much the best to insure a good crop. A
friend of mine in Minnesota, who for
years has sown spring wheat in Febn ary
raise a good crop. And in this county
the past season, there was an extra yiel
produced by this early sowingmode. ' W
have witnessed its success on eld grounl
as well as sod or new broken land.
Take one bushel and a half per a:re ;
measure your land as well as your grain ;
sow this upon sod broken last summer,
without plowing or harrowing beforehand;
then go over it both with ard across the
breaking, with n good heavy draw or har
row until your grain is covered. This
should be done in February, if there is
sufficient thaw to admit; cr, if not then,
certainly in March very early. Tha
frost that may enter the ground after
that, is all a benefit to the grain ;whi!
the moisture retained about tho kernel,
as spring opens, will push i: forth rapidly.
It then gets that length of straw which it
could not ia a dry season otherwise.
Farmers, try a small piece in the
spring. Experimental farming will pay,
R. O. Thompsc,
He who dbpises praise will net be
likely to practice the virtues that will en
title him to it.
Virtue i3 the ssurce ef all true Hiss.
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