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About The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 26, 1915)
THE SEMIWEEKLY TRIBUNE. NORTH PLATTE, NEBRASKA,
TREES INJURED BY
Apple Tree Killed
tTJy S. A. DEACH, Experiment Station,
Iowa State Colleso of Agriculture.)
Rabbits and mlco somotlmos dam
go nursory stock and orchard trees
greatly by gnawing through tho bark.
Rabbits may also cut oft twigs and in
tho caso of young trees may cut off
tho trunks closo to tho ground. Tho
injury is usually dono In tho wlntor,
but may bo begun In tho fall soon aft
er tho leaves drop.
Spraying tho trunks with llmo sul
phur solution of tho snmo strength as
for scalo insects has been tried at this
station for tho past threo years and
has given excellent results. When tho
sprout is well started dress the stump
TREATS PUPILS AS
HIS BEST FRIENDS
Farm-Hand Hero in Herbert
Quick's Novel Becomes School
Teacher Children Aid Him.
In Herbert Quick's farm novel, "Tho
j3rown Mouse," tho farm-hand hero
becomes a school teacher, and pro
ceeds to teach without any respect for
cultural traditions. Ho treats tho pu
pils as friends and associates. Ho
regards his school as a sort of labora
tory in which tho children help him
work out practical problems of their
own homes and farms.
Ho doesn't mako them Bit stiff and
silent for hours at a time. As his busi
ness assistants, they aro free to move
about and consult him and each other
like men In an office. There's a low
hum of conversation, which doesn't
disturb anybody, because everybody is
intensely interested in what he's do
ing. The boys and girls flock to school
an hour before tho boll rings, with
samples of grass seed and corn smut
and insect specimens and things, and
they can hardly bo driven homo when
school closes. They aro not crammed
with book learning. Tho usual text
books occupy a minor place in their
education. Their arithmetic examples
deal with such matters as tho per
centage of loss in a wheat crop based
on a given proportion of weed seeds
In tho sown wheat, and tho cow popu
lation of tho township and tho ratio
of butterfat to milk and feed. An es
fay on corn culturo is valued moro
highly than ono on poetry. Reading
lessons are as likely as not taken
from farm Journals. Geography' is not
r matter of maps, but d livo subject
connected with the food tho children
eat and tho clothes they wear and tho
treasures In their pockets and tho
crops in their barns where every
thing comes from and goes to.
And book culturo? Thoy get that
too, as a Bort of sido issuo. It comes
easily enough becauso tholr minds aro
kept nt such a pitch of activity by
vital human interests they can pick
up in odd moments tho formal facts
considered necessary. "Lot us ceaso
thinking so much about agricultural
education, and dovote ourselves to
educational ngrlculturo," says Mr.
Quick. "So will tho nation bo mado
And isn't ho right? Isn't agricul
ture itself so big and all-embracing a
thing that it can bo used in tho coun
try schools as a medium through
which tho country boy nnd girl ob
tain mental training, a knowlcdgo of
tho world and genuine culturo?
Shouldn't country children, instead
of being crammed with artificial stuff
based on antiquated standards or city
standards, bo treated frankly as Ju
vonllo farmers and farmers' wives,
and bo taught to lovo their work and
environment, and bo prepared to livo
Intelligently and Joyfully tho lifo for
which they aro destined?
Beware of Leaky Roofs.
A house with a leaky roof Is not a
fit placo for fowls. It will got thorn
out of condition, thoy will suffer moro
or less from coldB, and, naturally,
there must be a curtailment of tho
egg crop. Dampness Is ono of tho
worst ovlls, nnd it will certainly bo
a wlso movo to either get a now roof
or proporly repair tho old one.
Avoid Injurious Feed.
Moldy and decayed teed and such
feeds as may injuriously affect tho
cow's health or tho charactor of tho
milk should bo carefully avoided.
RABBITS AND MICE
by Meadow Mouse.
so that it may Wual over readily. Cut
tho stub slanting at the baso of tin
sprout so that it will Bhcd wator
Then cover tho wound with palnl
mado of puro whlto lead and raw lin
seed oil, to protect it from water and
from disease germs. Do not spread
tho paint beyond tho cut surface.
This mothod should produce a treo oi
bearing ago soonor than ono could be
grown from a roplanted nursery troo.
Whoro tho trees havo boen covered
by deep snow tho girdling may occur
a foot or moro above tho ground. In
that caso tho treo may bo cut off and
tho stump grafted with clons of tho
4 ,Jf UUOli u,
SEVERAL DON'TS ON
Dull Tools Make the Work Harder
and Produce flough Wounds
Handle Tree Gently.
Don't wear hobnailed boots when
pruning. In climbing about tho trees
thoy readily Injure tho bark.
Don't leavo your pruning to tho
hired man. The moro you understand
your trees tho hotter you will pruno
Don't use dull tools. Thoy mako Jho
work harder and produco rough
Don't pruno in frosty weather. Frost
bitten wounds aro slow to heal.
Don't start all main limbs at tho
samo height. Weak crotches aro tho
Don't leavo stubs in cutting off
limbs, They rot back and cause decay
in tho trunk.
Don't let Buckers grow. They nro
worthless and draw upon tho tree's
Don't leavo tho larger wounds bare.
Apply good white lead paint or cover
with grafting was.
Don't slit tho bark, boro holes or
drivo nails Into tho treo. They only
offer places of entry for fungous dis
eases. Don't uso' a hatchet for removing
suckers. Tho hatchet la not a tool
for scientific pruning.
Don't handlo tho tree rdughly. It is
a delicate structure and will amply re
pay caroful treatment. Indiana Ex
TREES IS COMPLEX
Most Careful Consideration and
Judgment Required in Sup
plying Stimulating Food.
Tho use of fertilizers in pear culturo
requires most caroful consideration
and Judgment. Lands naturally fertllo,
viz., loamy soils so common in praJrlo
rogioms, cleared forest lands and
clayey sollB having marl in their com
position should not bo enriched. Till
able lands that will grow a good crop
of corn aro sufficiently fertllo for tho
When tho pear orchard begins to
lose its vigor from continuous fruit
crops a light surfaco dressing of wood
ashes or well-rotted stablo manure
may provo beneficial. As long ns tho
trees maintain a normal healthy
growth they require no stimulating
DAMPEN CORN WHEN
PUTTING INTO SILO
Always Better to Use Too Much
Water Than Not Enough When
Crop Has Been Frosted.
If tho corn crop has been badly
frosted and Is In n dry or semldry stnto,
it should bo dampened as it enters tho
silo. It Is always bettor to got too
much water than not enough.
It is a common practlco to allow a
Btrcam of water to ontor tho blowor or
olovator as tho corn Is being cut, but
it is claimed a better practlco to wa
tor tho corn whon on tho wagon; how
over, It is vory llttlo good,' to pour tho
water on top of the sllago aftor tho
silo has been filled.
SOWS NEED GOOD ATTENTION
Neglect at Farrowing Time Will Eat
Up All Profits Made In Year -Feed
la Important Problem.
(Uy II. M. COTTU12LK)
Give tho sow all tho water sho
wants for tho first 24 hours after tho
pigs aro born, but no grain. Take tho
chill off tho wator in cold weathor.
For threo or four days after the first
24 hours, glvo jplcnty of water, but
feed grain and milk sparingly. Then
slowly Increase uivf.il, when the pigs
nro threo weeks old, tho sow Is having
all tho feed Bho will consumo. Glvo
tho pigs exercise and sunshine from
birth, but do not allow thorn to got
damp nor to bo exposed to the wind.
When tho sow is given a warm, rich
slop, or other milk-producing feeds
Just after her pigs aro born, a strong
milk flow is forced. Tho nowborn
pigs get too much and have diarrhea,
which often kills them. Thoy cannot
take all tho milk, and tho sow's udder
becomes inflamed and caked. When'
tho pigs suckle tho pain becomes so
intenso that in desperation she Jumps
up, kills and eats them.
Tho profltB for a wholo year can bo
thrown away in a fow hours by a little'
neglect at farrowing time. An inves
tigation in ono of the chief hog-producing
sections showed that tho farm-
Roughage Self-Feeder for Swine
Rack of This Kind Is Handy and
ors were losing from one-third to two
thirds of the pigs that woro born
alive. Last year a man with 14 sows
raised to weaning time only 15 pigs,
whilo his neighbor, who used less
feed, but spent every hour with his
sows during tho farrowing time, raised
an averago of over eight pigs to a lit
ter from a largo herd of sows.
SHEEP DURING WARM SEASON
Particular Attention Should Be Paid
to Water Supply Place the Flock
Near a Running Stream.
Particular attention should bo giv
en tho sheep in warm weather rola
tlvo to their supply of water. You
know, many old fogy farmers still
contend that sheep can get all tho
water they require from tho dews.
This is certainly a mistaken Idea, and
ono that is absolutely cruel, for sheep
need water as much as any of tho
other farm animals, though they do
not drink as much as somo others.
I suppose it is a fact that sheep can
subsist on tho dews aB their means
of water, but thoy never do bo well
as those that havo all they can drink,
says a writer in Farm Progress.
When an animal is forced to livo on
less than tho normal water supply, it
is suro to bo very uncomfortable. To
do well and put on flesh, they should
havo a running stream of water whore
thoy can reach it.
Many sheop raisers have a tendoncy
to let tho sheep take care of thorn-
Belves, after shearing time has passed,
and thero aro so many othor farm
duties demanding attention. Where
thoro aro young lambs, they should be !
well cared for in order to make the
beat growth possible before market
ing in the fall. Thoy aro hard to get
in shape to sell when they havo been
forced to look out for themselves.
If ono happens to havo a running
stream of water in tho sheop pnsture,
he may consider himself fortunato. A
pond Is next best, and often ono is
obliged to put up a few rods of fenc
ing to incloso a pond, spring, or part
of a creek.
TEACH COLTS FAST WALKING
Best Results Are Secured With Ani
mals Full of Spirit That Want to
Get Along Rapidly.
A slow moving colt can bo taught
to walk fast by hitching It besido a
fast walker and urging It to kcop up.
although it requires good handling to
obtain full success with this method.
Tho best results aro secured with
animals full of spirit that want to
movo rapidly. At tho samo tirao a
young hcrso that Is full of spirit, if It
Is allowed to work too hard, will bo
como too tired, loso If ambition and
dovclop Into a slow waikcr. Tho best
training 1b to uso tho young Btock nt
such light work that thoy can movo
along rapidly without feeling it, lot
ting them havo only enough of it so
that thoy will got Into tho habit of
moving rapidly and keep up tho trait
after they aro older.
BEST WIDTH OF GOOD ROADS
Old Turnpikes, Still Our Best Road
Ways, Were Not Wide Built for
Ssrvlco and Profit.
Ono of tho best roada I havo ovor
driven ovor was just wldo enough for
tvo vehicles to pass without scraping
tho paint off each other's hubs. 1 nm
not suro that somotlmos tho hubs did
not touch. Hut It was a road that
was always In good condition nnd tho
men who kept it up seemed to do bo
with comparative oase, writes W. E.
Roso of Iowa In Farm Progross.
Somo of tho old turnpikes, still our
best roadways, woro not a rod In
width. Whon thoso roads woro built
they woro built for both sorvlco nnd
profit, and in llguring tho futuro prof
its tho builders saw that tho wider tho
roadway and tho wheel track tho moro
maiutonanco cost and, thoreforo, tho
It Is a pity that tho mon who laid
out tho llrst CO-foot and 6G-foot high
ways hadn't taken a loaf from tho
book of the turnpike builders. If thoy
had wo would not havo millions of
ncros of laud lying worso than idlo
along our public highway right of ways.
Say that tho road runs 20 miles from
county seat to county seat. Along its
length thero will bo anywhoro from 80
to 120 acro3 of land growing up in
weeds, road grass, brush and thickets
whoro it is not being washed into deep
roadsldo gullies. Why, in somo stntos
thoro is a full half million acres of
land that Is boing wasted In Just
that way and land In thoso states is
selling anywhoro from $30 to $200
Many of tho best and most famous
roads of Europo aro but 1GV feet in
width and thoy handlo somo of tho
very heaviest highway traffic. Right
now in thoso counties and townships
in this country whore hard roads, per
manent highways, aro being construct
ed, fow of them aro being built moro
than IS foot wido and a good many
of thorn nro ovon narrower.
Tho railroads, wastoful n3 thoy aro
In somo things, nro beginning to real
izo tho wasto of auscloss right of way.
An Improved Road In Maryland.
A road running through Illinois has
its trackago fringed with alfalfa.
Somo farmors havo resented tho wasto
and aro beginning to cultivato tho land
out to tho wheel tracks. This may
causo a llttlo troublo at tlmos, but aft
er all Is it not a great deal better
than lotting tho roadsides grow up in
ironweeds, sumacs, briars and thick
ets? Any of our road vohlcloa needs no
moro than a six-foot clearance Fig
uro out for yoursolf how many farm
wagons could drlvo abreast on a GO
foot highway and then try to Iraag
Ino nny necessity for nny such ar
rangement. On a highway ono rod
in width thero Is room for two ve
hicles to pass with about four and
ono-half feet to Bparo. Why havo
tho roads, then, 6G feet wido?
Somo of theso days our roads will
bo narrowed. Wo havo not really folt
tho pinch of a real land nood as yot.
When wo do, then thero will bo a
sudden narrowing of thoso wido
stretches that aro now weed incuba
tors and sccdors. In tho moanwhllo
why not mako somo uso of tho soil
flanking tho public highways? Why
not scod it In grass and mow it as you
would a meadow? Of courso tho land
belongs to tho state, to tho public, but
it Is worBO than usoless. Why not
mako it glvo some return to somo
ono? Away With Grain Insects,
On tho farm, grain nnd grain prod
ucts stored In tight bins may bo most
effectively fumlgatod with carbon bl
sulphldo. If tho building Is nearly air
tight and tomporaturo Is about 70
degrees, four pounds of tho chomlcnl
Is BUfllcIont for 1,000 cubic foot of
cpaco, or ono pound for every 35 bush
oln of grain.
Alfalfa offers ono of tho host
honey-making materials. lslko la
Jso valuable, ua Is swoot clovor.
"When a porson pneo gots started on
tho downward path ho raroly over
ships until ho strikes tho bottom'
said the speaker who was pleading for
"That's right," Interrupted a mem
bor of his nudlencc, who was swathed
In bandages nnd who walked with a
crutch. "I know from oxporlcnqo."
"Ah!" exclaimed tho speaker, "hero
Is an oxamplo of my nssortlon. Prny,
my good man, would you toll mo what
was tho causo of your downfall?"
"Really, I don't know," was tho ro
ply. "It might havo been troublo with
my carburetor or my gasollno may
havo run out. All I know 1b that my
onglno 'stopped on mo 4,000 feet nbovo
Planned to Reciprocate.
"Woll, what can I do for you, Sam?"
asked Jones aB tho colored wnltcr who
usually served him at tho restaurant
entered tho ofllco.
"1 got a chanco to chnngo mall p'sl
tlon, boss. Kin yo' say n good word
fo' mo? Say I'so honea' nn' slch?"
"I know, of course, that you're a
good waiter, Sam, but how do I know
"Woll, Jcs say yo' think l'so hones'.
"All right, Sam; anything to obllgo
"Thank yo', boss, thank yov very
much. Whon yo' como ovah tomor
row bo Btiro to sit nt mnh tnblb. I'll
glvo yo' a short check." Pathfinder.
What Kept Him Busy.
"I supposo you nro woll posted on
tho subject of sun spots, aren't you?"
suggested tho lady.
"Woll, really, I can't Bay that 1 am.
It takes bo much of my tlmo looking
after tho spots on my only suit of
"I havo Just received word," said
tho clerk to the telephone company,
"that a man haB boen caught holding
$1,000 embozzlcd from us. What reply
shall I send?"
"Toll him to hang up tho rocolvor,"
Bald tho president.
A college education will not always
onnblo n man to keep tho dandruff
from his coat collar.
Neighbors should try to do as
they expect to bo dono by.
On the Side
Certain elements are necessary
for building stout bodies and active
brains. The great majority of these
all-important elements for life and
health are supplied by Nature in
her field grains, wheat and barley. But white flour
products lack these essential elements Why?
Because the miller to make his flour look white
and pretty throws out about 45 ths. of the mineral
content of the wheat necessary for building brain,
nerve and muscle.
Scientific opinion is on
for supplying balanced nutritive values.
Not only does this famous pure food supply all
the sound nourishment of the wheat, including the
vital mineral elements sturdy builders of brain, nerve
and muscle but of malted barley as well.
Grape-Nuts is easily digested, generally in about an
hour white flour products require about three hours.
Grape-Nuts is always ready to eat direct from the
dust-proof, moisture-proof, germ-proof packet de
licious and economical!
Not alone from the scientific aide but from the
view-point of better health thousands have come
There's a Reason" for
Sold by Grocers everywhere.
poor substitute for kiss
New York Comic Journal Evidently
Thinks Little of the New
On tho basis of n Huntington. W
Vn dispatch, describing Dr. E. V,
Grovor'a recommendation of tho "pat
pat" as a substitute for tho unhyglenk
kiss, Puck submits n few modifica
tions of current lltoraturo to suit, as
Ho planted a passlonato pat-pat up
on her upturned cheek . . .
Gwondolyn stood demuroly, undor
tho mlstletoo, nnd In another 'instant
Claronco hnd deftly pat-patted her.
"How dnro you pat-pat mo, sir!" sho
cried. . . .
"It Ib useless for you to struggle,
my proud beauty," ho hissed.
Seizing hor roughly, Dalton pushed
tho glorious head back, back, RACK,
and leered Into tho frightened eyos.
"I am going to pat-pat you; do you
hear, girl? To pat-pat you!" ho cried.
"And now, gentlemen," said Ter
ence, our guide, "would nny o' ye
lolko to pnt-pat tho Hlarnoy Stono?"
Tramp Yes, mum, I ain't got nuttln'
tor hldo from tho world. I'vo been In
Jail ninety times at ninety dlfforon
Miss Tcndernrt Oh! did you have
a camora with you?
Tramp No; I novor had nono!
Miss Tondornrt Oh! what a pity!
If you had had ono, you might soon
tnko n now start by writing a sorlcs
of nrtlclos for tho Ladles' Own en
titled "Tho Instdo of a Hundrod
"Lot'B boo. You livo In tho com
muter zono, don't you? Much build
ing out your way?"
"Woll, I should say thoro Is. Wo'vo
Just completed two now tennis courts,
a nlne-holo golf courso and "
"I mean real building."
"I was coming to that. Wo'vo put
up two now garagos and extended tho
piazza on tho country clubhouse"
Eighty por cent of tho teachers In
tho public schools of tho United States
Kidnaping llttlo girls to soil as
slaves Is a regular trado In China.
the side of
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