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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (March 9, 1920)
The Omaha Daily Bee
VOL. 49 NO. 227.
TO HOLD GAS
Proposal to Reject Appraisal
Of Plant Withheld, Commis
sioner Announces, at Re
quest of Citizens.
BREAK IN UNFuP MAY
RESULT IN PURCHASE
Proposal of Commissioner
- Zimman for Another Election
, May Also Be Withheld at
City Commissioner Ure announced
unexpectedly yesterday afternoon
that he . had agreed to hold up his
ordinance ihich, if passed as recom
mended by the city council com
mitec of the whole yesterday, would
reject the appraisal of the gas plant.
Mr. Ure declined to go into de
tails concerning his decision, nor
would he commit himself as to
1 whether he will place the ordinance
on file or merely hold it in abey1
ance. He stated that he had re
ceived requests and that he had been
influenced by them. He had led the
fight in the city council to abandon
the condemnation proceedings and
to reject the appraisal of $4,500,000.
The ordinance to reject was of
fered two weeks ago and was signed
,'iy Commissioners Ure. Zimman,
Kinger and Towl. '
May Overturn Majority.
At the city council committee of
the whole meeting yesterday morn
ing Commissioners Ure, 'Zimman.
Ringer, Towl and Falconer voted
to recommend the ordinance for'
passage today at the regular coun
cil meeting. This change still leaves
four votes for the-ordinance, but it
i expected that others of the four'
will follow his lead.
Mayor Smith and Commissioner
Butler voted against the ordinance,
their position being for the accep
tance of the appraisal and that the
citv should take the plant over.
It is rumored that the ordinance
wilt be placed on file this morning
and that negotiations' will be started
for the formal taking over, of the
Commissioner Zimman yesterday
announced that he would offer ani
ordinance to sumit to the voters.
Vkpril 20. proposition for another
condemnation of the gas plant under
. the same plan that was recently
' observed. In view of the Mr. lire's
latest announcement, it is believed
that Mr, Zimman will reconsider his
ordinance. . " '
Mayor Smith and Commissioner
Butler stood alone for accepting the
appraisal price. Anticipating yester
day's action, the mayor a week ago
announced that he would invoke the
referendum to submit this ordinance
to a vote of the people. He insisted
'that when the voters .on May 7, 1918,
voted 18,974 to 3,836 to acquire the
gas plant by condemnation proceed
ings, that expression carried with it
a public .sentiment which he be
lieves is at this time in favor of
buying the tplant On the basis of the
May Cost $65,314.66. '
Mr. Falconer was the only com
missioner' to explain his' vote on
the ordinance to reject. "The more
I, have gone into tins, the more I
am convinced that it would be folly
. to pay more than $3,000,000 for the
I gas plant," he said.
The rejection of the appraisal car
ries with it an (obligation on the part
of the city to pay the gas company
$65,314.66, which was the amount
of the eompany's expense of, the
condemnation proceeding's. The.
. 1A Oil 17 T
(Continued on Pag Two. Column three.)
Man and Woman
. ' Are Found Dead in
. Chicago, March 8. -Clifford Bley
er," heatf-of the Bleyer. Advertising
agency, and Mrs. Ruth Randall, 30.
a divorce were found dead in the
woman's apartment by police. A re
volver was lying between the bodies.
Mrs. Randall was shot in the left
temple and Bleyer was killed by a
bullet in the right temple. Blejrer,
who was married and tjae father of
two children had been absent from
home since Saturday.
The police were undecided whether
the deaths were the result of a
' suicide pact or a murder and suicide.
Anti-Saloon League Records
Not for Public to See
New York 'March 8. The public
(will not get a glimpse of the records
of the Anti-Saloon league if Wil
' liam H. Anderson can help it The
rtate superintendent of the league
said that he has records of con
', tributions and contributors, but that
?the public can not look at them.
He was questioned as to these points
on which legislative inquiry is based:
"Are the books of the league
available to the public?" Mr. Ander
son was asked.
"No" he snapped.
Bandits Tie Watchman,
Blow, Safe, Get $30,000
, L'os Angeies. Cal, March 8. Four
.men robbed the safe of the Fifth
Street store here last night, secur
ing between $25,000 and $30,000 in
cash and liberty bonds, the value of
the bonds not having; been checked.
They handscuff ed the watchman and
! janitor and, after three hours' work,
blew the safe and escaped ; ; " " .
Eaton M MN-lui Mltor
(Ma r. 0. art at
Dirigibles Twice NC4 Size
Being Built by U.S. Navy
To Make Transpacific Flight
Great Britain Also Begins
gineds Boat for Same Purpose Invention of
American Whereby Three Liberty Engines Are
Coupled to One Propeller Makes "Flight Possible.
New, York, March 8. The United
States navy is preparing two giant
flying boats for the first flight across
the Pacific ocean, it was announced
tonight by the Manufacturers' Air
craft Association, which said two
boats nearly twice the size of the
NC-4, which made the first trans
atlantic flight, have been planned
and that construction will begin
The propose! route lies from San
Francisco to Hongkong, China,
7,616 nautical miles. Stops will be
made at Honolulu, Wake Island,
Guam and Manila. The first log of
the journey from San Francisco to
Honolulu, 2,091 nautical miles, is the
hardest and the association says that
the new boats can negotiate the dis
tance easily in a neutral wind in 24
Britain Also Preparing.
The associatioii claims to have re
liable information that Great Brit
ain also has begun constructing a
great multi-cngincd boat, nearly the
size of the proposed navy giant, for
a transpacific flight. The distinc
tion of being the first to cross has
therefore resolved into a friendly
race between Great Britain and .the
The transpacific flight has been
made possible, the association says,
by a new American invention of Ed
son Gallaudet, of East Greenwich,
Rhode Island, whereby three Lib
erty engines are coupled to one 18
foot propeller, each enginee being
geared down to permit the propeller
to function at its maximum effi
ciency. The new boats will have
three Dower plants, each containing
three high compressed Liberty en
gines, or nine motors to each ship.
Richardson Designs Features.
The association announced that
detailed plans of the new boats pre
pared by Mr. Gallaudet and naval
instructors have reached the navy
department. It was stated that
PLANS PAYING OF
BY VICTORY TAX
Bill Providing for Levy on Slid
ing Scale Introduced In
' House by Idahoan ;
Chicago. Tribune-Omaha Bee, Leased Wire.
Washington, March 8. Alill pro
viding for a victory tax to furnish
funds for soldiers! bonuses, was in
troduced in the house today by Rep
resentative Smith of Idaho.
The bill imposes taxes on sales as
One cent on each purchaser in
a transaction aggregating an amount
from 15 cents to $99.99.
Three cents on each purchaser in a
transaction aggregating an amount
from $100 to. $499.99. , '
Six Cents 6n Payer Purchases.
Six cenion each purchaser in a
transaction1 aggregating an amount
from $500 to $999.99.
Ten cents on the first $1,000 auo
five cents on each additional thous
and, or part thereof, on each pur
chaser in a transaction aggregating
an' amount from $1,000 to $9,999.99.
Twenty cents on the first $1,000
and lour cents on each thousand ad
ditional, or part thereof, on each pur
chaser in a transaction aggregating
an amount from $10,000 to $49,999.99.
The Higher the Larger.
One dollar on the first $1,000 and
three cents on each additional thous
and, or part thereof, in a transaction
aggregating $50,000 or more.
It is provided that the tax shall
be paid by what shall be known as
Victory staMips. Each purchaser
must affix a stamp of the required
amount on the article purchased or
pay the seller a stamp equaling the
The hearings on soldiers' bonus
legislation were continued before
the ways and means committee of
the house, j
Committee Chairman Asks,
Data On Use of White Paper
Washington, March 8. Chairman'
Steenersbn of the house postoffice
committee has written newspaper
publishers calling 'attention to the
committee's request that they reduce
consumption of newsprint paper 10
per cent, because of the acute short
age. The publishers are requested
to furnish information as to the
amount-of paper consumed by them
in the four months ending March 1,
1920, and before the same period the
year before. , . , 1 '."
British Ambassador to U. S.
To Receive $100,000 Yearly
Loncfon,- March 8. The British
ambassador at Washington will
receive 20,000"" yearly. His salary
will be 2,500 and entertainment al
lowance 17,500, Premier Lloyd
George announced in the liouse of
lords Monday. ;
Sir Aucklund Geddes was recent
ly appointed to this post. v .
Nebraska Fair Tuesday, becom
ing unsettled Wednesday; moderate
temperature. ! -
Iowa Fair Tuesday and probably
Wednesday; warmer in east portion
. . Hourly Temperatures:
B a. m... ,
1 a. m....
S a nt.,..
1 v m 4
. .. 59
4 p. na M
B P. m 64
P. aa ((
T as aa.. ....... Bt
I P. Haai t
4, .,-.-:-f ,-
1 a. m Si
11 V Ma M
May H. INS. at
Hank 3. 17.
, , -
Construction of Multi-En
Commander H. C. Richardson, cred
ited with , having been one of the
original designers of the NC boats,
is the designer of the new features
of the transpacific boat hull. Other
naval constructors have designed the
wings and part of the hull. The
power plant was designed by Mr.
The new boats will be triplanes
with a wing spread of 140 feet, as
compared with 126 ,1-2 feet of the
NC boats. Each will have a wing
area of about 6,000 feet and carry a
crew of 16. The liulls will be 67
feet long, 22 feet longer than the
NC-4. The cruising radius is esti
mated at 2,100 nautical, miles, nearly
twice that of the NC craft.
Three high compression motors
will drive each of the three giant
propellers. Each unit of three motors
will be installed in a separate nacelle.
making possible repairs while - jil
flight, something which the, associa
tion says has been hitherto irtfpos
May Use Reserve Motor. v
Each nacelle will have accommoda
tions for an engineer during night.
Each propellor will be driven by two
motors with one in reserve. If one
motor fails, the engineer will be able
to use the reserve motor while he
repairs the crippled engines. It is
estimated that enough gasoline can
be carried to permit a cruising radius
of 2,500 land, miles. Under the plans
prepared the craft can carry a load
of 10 or 11 pounds to the square foot
of wing surface, of 30 tons, more
than double that of the transat
lantic boats,. The triplanes will have
a speed capacity of 85 knots.
Provisions to cut down wind re
sistance and making the craft as light
as possible, will' be brought about
by closing in the nacelles and con
structing the wing struts and spars
of duralumin, the metal t)f which
dirigible skeletons are made. This
is said to mark a new denature in
NOT SUBJECT TO
INCOME TAX LAW
Supreme Court Decision Paves
'Way i for Overdue
Washington, March 8. Corpora
tion dividends distributed as stock
do not constitute "income" and are
not subject to federal income tax,
the supreme court decided today in
a' five to four decision. '
Provisions of the 1916 federal in
come tax law levying taxes on stock
dividends were declared unconstitu
tional. The decision also nullified
similar provisions of the present law
and will involve great loss in rev
enues to the govenment ' and re
funds of such taxes already col
lected. Large financial interests like
wise will be affected and extensive
"melon cutting" is expected. ,
In the majority decision by Jus
tice Pitney, Chief Justice White and
Justices McKenna, Van Devanter
and McReynolds, concurred. Of the
four dissenting members, Justice
Utmae rairl t krtaF -r l intl m i
which he was joined by Justice DayM
and Justice Brandeis, delivered a
lengthy opinion in which Justice
Clarks concurred. '
The attempt of congress to tax
stock distributions, the majority de
cided to be unconstitutional and not
permitted by the sixteenth or income
tax constitutional amendment. Stock
dividends, the majority held, may be
taxed only after stockholders realize
on them by sale, in which case the
government may levy income taxes
on such profits.
Transparent Waists 1
And Silk Hosiery Are
Taboo in North Platte
North Platte.- ??eb., March 8.
(Special.) The latest offerings from
"Gay Paree" will not cause even a
flicker of excitement on the campus
of the high school here if the girls
of the junior class are successful
in a campaign they are now waging.
A ban has been placed on silk
sosiery, high heels, transparent
waists and other articles of wearing
apparel which are said to please the
fancy of the fair sex. At a meeting
of the junior class a committee was
elected to assist in gaining the con
sent of all girl students in the school
to join in placing a ban on immodest
The .suggestion for the action was
made by the Parent-Teacher asso
ciation of the school. The committee
will report the success encountered
in their venture to the association.
The committee which is canvass
ing the school is composed of Misses
Edna Nelson,, Evelyri Getty, Lydia
Yost, Adelaide Curry and Marion
HuxoH." ' v
Speaker Takes Vacation. ;
Washington, March 1 8. Speaker
Gillett told the house that his phy
sician had advised him to take a
rear. The house granted Mr. Gil
lett's request that he be authorized
to name a speaker pro tern to sign
bills while he takes a 10-day vaca
tion. Drift 15 Days on Ice. "
Nome, Alaska, March 8. Three
Eskimo hunters came into Nome
over 'the sea ice Mqnday and re
ported they had "been drifting 15
days on an ice cake in the Bering
sea,' out of sight of land. They said
the suffered from cold and hunger,
. ' -:-
High School Girls
Making Hats for
Chicago Tribune-Omaha Bee leaaed Wire.
Chicago, March 8. High school
girls are in active demand right
now. Not for fudge parties or
"matinees, but for the practical pur
pose ot making hats. The fc-aster
rush . is on in the big millinery
shops and there is a stentorian
cry" for help. Employers have just
k learned that the vocational depart
ments of the public high -schools
are able to supply trained 'work
ers who are handy with the needle
or behind the counter or in the
office. So the big shops are in
vading the' high schools with
tempting offers of salaries and
pleasant environments and other
' It is said a majority of the girls
who have profited by the train
ing course in the schools are clev
er designers. They are enthusi
astic, optimistic arid work rapidly.
Girls who are not apt in design
ing and making - hats, are given
positions at the sales counters
and all of them are making good.
They are totally devoid of the
insolence, indifference and ignor
ance that marks many of the pro
fessional clerks and, as a result,
patrons wait in lines to avail them
selves of their services.
RKode Island Attorney Assails
Act as "Constitutional
Washington, March 8. Rhode
Island's attack on the prohibition
amendment to the federal constitu
tion was argued in supreme court
here, assailed by the complainant as
revolutionary and an invasion, of
state's rights and defended by the
government as a legitimate addition
to the nation's basic law over which
the court held no jurisdiction.
Throngs attended the session.
II. A. Rice, attorney general of
Rhode Island, opened for the oppo
sition and W. L. Frierson, assistant
general, replied for the government.
Other arguments will be heard to
morrow, as well as appeals from
Kentucky and Massachusetts involvr
ing the same questions.
Mr. Kice cnargea tnere was a
"constitutional revolution through
"I see more danger in the doctrine
urged by the government than any
doctrine urged by the demagogues
during the world war,' he said.'
"Rights assured the people under
the tenth amendment were never
intended to be taken away."
Mr. Ric& argued the prohibition
amendment resulted from a miscon
ception of the law by congress and
that the federal government had no
authority to make such a change in
the constitution. He said the terms
of the prohibition amendment are
outside the purview of the consti
tution. Contention Refuted.
Mr. Frierson argued there" was
nothing revolutionary , in the adop
tion of an amendment that lays
down a "fundamental rule of law"
applying to all states.
"The case does involves the ques
tion as to whether a s,tate can come
into a federal court and enjoin en
forcement of a criminal law on the
ground the law is unconstitutional,"
he added. "I have never understood
this court at the instance of a state
could be constituted into a forum
in which to debate the respective
political rights of the two govern
The court granted permission for
the filing of briefs by Charles Evans
.Hughes, on behalf of 24 states and
by Wayne B. Wheeler, general coun
sel for th e Anti-Saloon League of
America, supporting the amendment
and by Elihu Root i opposition to
the amendment on behalf of the
United States Brewers' association.
Germany on Way to
Federation of States
Like Unto America
Copenhagen, March 8. The ulti
mate development of Germany into
a republic of ' federated states like
the United States is predicted by a
prime mover of the project fo sep
arate from Prussia that part of
Schleswig-Holstein ! which shall
remain German after the plebiscites,
vr. Kudolph Musz, a clergyman of
Flensburg, in an interview in the
Politiken. The movement began
last August, he says, and has 70,000
Brotherhoods and Railway .
Executives to Name Board
Washington, , March 8. The 16
railroad unions and the Association
of Railway Executives were directed
by the Interstate Commerce com
mission to make nominations for
labor and capital, respectively, to the
tripartite board created by the
transportation at which will at
tempt settlement of disputes with
out strikes. . v
i Each side will .name not less than
six men, to be submitted to Presi
dent Wilson, who will choose the
board of nine, divided equally be
tween the public, the workers a.nd
Fear Eggs. Will Break.
San FVancisco, March ?. Two of
the largest shippers of eggs In Cali
fornia have announced that their
eastern shipments will, cease in the
next few days because of fear of a
break in the New York market, the
San Francisco Call announced here.
February shipments were 156 cars,
which were said to be a record
for that roonUtj
MARCH 9, 1920.
Flight From Chicago to Cincin
nati Arranged for Senator
Who Wants to Vote for Suf
frage in West Virginia. .
MUST BE IN CAPITAL
BY WEDNESDAY MORN
His Yea Needed to Break
Deadlock on Measure Hays
Providing Special Train if
Legislator Fears Air Trip.
By the Anoclutcd Freia.
Chicago, ( March i5. A triplane
flight from Chicago to Cincinnati
has been arranged for State Senator
J. A. Bloch, of West Virginia by re
publican party managers in a race on
which may depend ratification of the
federal woman suffrage amendment
by West Virginia.
.The state senate is deadlocked on
ratification. Senator Bloch, who has
been in California, is known to tt
for ratification. If the senator reaches
Charleston by Wednesday, suffrage
leaders believe West Virgnia will
ratify the armendment.
Quick Journey Essential!
Senator Bloch is due here Tuesday
on his way td Charleston. It was
found that the senator must be in
Cincinnati Dy p. m. to catch a
train that would take him to Charles
ton in time to vote. Only a special
train or an airplane would make the
Will H. Hays,' republican national
chairman, made arrangements for
both agencies. There ' will be an
airplane waiting for Senator Bloch
when he arrives, and if he refuses to
go by air, he,' will be taken to Cin
cinnati by special train.
Hold Off Anti-Suffragists.
Charleston, West. Va., March 8.
Suffrage forces in the West Virginia
legislature, determined to, hold the
body in session until Senator J. A.
Bloch, enroute from California, can
arrive to vote on the suffrage
amendment were successful Mon-'
day in defeating efforts of anti-suffrage
leaders to adjourn sine die.
Several attempts were made by
legislators to bring about final ad
journment, but each time fortune
favored the suffragists. '
Pro-suffrage senators, to secure
agreement for adjournment until to
morrow, agreed to permit the senate
referendum bill to be placed on the
West Holds Fate of
Coming Election In
Washington, March 8. (Special.)
That the Nebraska primaries will
give General Pershing "so over?
whelming an indorsement that there
will be no mistaking the sentiment
in the west" was the prediction made
by Walter S. Cosgrove of Los An
geles, on his visit to the capitol.
In an interview in the Washington
Post Mr. Cosgrove said: "I believe
General Pershing will be the repub
lican nominee because he is as
strong as any other nominee in the
east and is the one man certain to
swing Nebraska, Missouri, Oregon,
Wyoming, Washington and Cali
fornia to the G. O. P. and therefore
make republican success certain.
believe that this will become evi
dent before Mav 1."
"It is the west" he said, "which
will decide the election. Every state
east of the Mississippi river, with
the possible exception of Ohio, West
Virginia and New York, will be
safely republican. It will be remem
bered that in 1916 the democrats
carried every state west of the Mis
sissiooi witn the exception of Ore
gon, Minnesota, lowa and aoutn
Dakota, Unless the republicans nom
inate a strong anaiaate, tne aemo
crats have a good chance of repeat
ing in all the states carried in 1916,
with the possible exception ot Kan
sas, have a good chance of picking
up Minnesota and Oregon and may
be, stronger than ever betore in
South Dakota and Iowa."
Police Rescue Men Hurt
When Dynamite Explodes
Chicago, March 8. The entire
south side of the city was shaken by
a terrific explosion shortly after S
o'clock Monday morning, when
500 pounds of dynamite exploded
in a quarry pit on the south side.
The pit is 300 feet deep, which may
explain why there was not enormous
property ramage and heavy loss '.of
life. . Two policemen" learning that
some men were down in the pit, de
scended and rescued four men whose
arms and legs had been broken and
who. were unconscious. -The only
other additional serious accident so
far reported is that of a baby, living
a quarter pf a mile distant, who was
struck on the head when the ex
plosion toppled over the chimney in
London, March 8. Dr.' Kennedy,
in charge' of the lord mayor's relief
fund at Adana, where there are about
35,000 Armenian refugees, has sent
a message to A. Williams, member
of the house of commons, confirm
ing vthe iniissacre of 18,000 Arme
nians in the Marash district! TlTe
city was burned and has not been
relieved. 'Thirteen hundred women
and children perished ki a snow
storm. Eight thousand Armenians
are still at Marashr and many are
Bt Mall 0 yaar). Oall,. W.M: Saeew. HN
Dall in Saa.. 7.: autilaa Nek. aailaM eatra.
Service Head Quits
Because of Poor Pay
, HENRY S. GRAVES.
Washington, March 8. Henry S.
Graves, head of the federal forestry
service since Gifford Pinchot, has
resigned to return to private life.
Mr. Graves headed the Yaye for
estry school before entering govern
ment service and was at the head
of the lumber operations conducted
by the American Expeditionary
rorces in trance.
The pool1 pay of scientific men in
the government employ was given
bv Mr. uraves as the necessity com
pelling him to leave the position of
chiet lorester. '
COLISEUM TO BE
Committee Provides 1,100
More Seats Will Select
Officers May 10. ' 1
Chicago, March 8. Officers of, the
republican national convention, in
cluding the temporary secretary who
will sound the keynote of the 1920
campaign, will be selected at a
meeting of the convention commit
tee here, May 10.
A. T. Hert, Kentucky, chairman
of the committee, so announced after
a meeting at, which convention plans
were laid, the seating arrangement
approved and the apportionment ot
seats and convention attaches set
tled. Will Remodel Coliseum.
The Chicago coliseum will be re
modeled to seat 13,187 delegates and
spectators, approximately 1,100 more
than at the convention four years
ago. . - .
After providing for the 984 dele
gates and alternates and convention
attaches, the remainder of the seats
will be divided among state commit
tees, according to representation on
the floor. Under the same plan ap
pointment of 2,500 sergeant-at-arms,
400 doorkeepers, 200 ushers, 100
physicians and other attaches will
The meeting was preceded by the
monthly session of the national com
mittee. Chairman Will H. Hays re
iterated his declaration made Sun
day, that the committee should elect
he candidate, not sejlect him.
Liquor Question Absorbing.
More than 50 party leaders held
informal conferences to discuss the
campaign and possible platform
planks. The liquor question, and the
possibility that one or both parties
might take a stand for some modi
fication of the dry law was the
most absorbing tonic.
The league of nations was a dead
issue, so far as preconvention plat
form drafting went, leaders de
clared, because the position of the
senate on the morning of June 8,
when the convention opens, would
determine the party's position.
The committee of representative
men and women, appointed to con
sider and suggest platform planks
was still at work, and would report
to the convention committee on
resolutions, Chairman Hays an
By Allies Under Pact Terms
Paris, March 8. Constantinople
is actually occupied by allied troops
under provisions of the armistice, it
is pointed out by thefPetit Parisien
this morning, which says that city is
headquarters of Gen; Franchet D'
Esperey, and there a're in the city
one division and one brigade of
In addition there are in Consti
nople one regiment of Italian and a
battalion bf British troops, and
there are ether Britsih forces in the
region of the straits. A British di
vision is spread over Anatolia be
tween Scutari and Brusa, while the
French have a divsion in western
Thrace, the newspaper says.
Railway Workers Fail to
Decide Whether to Strike
Chicago,. March 8. Delegates and
grand lodge heads representing
nearly 400,000 railway maintenance
of . way workers Monday failed to
decide whether they will call a strike.
They expect to decjde tomorrow.
..Most of the afternoon was spent
in hearing the Veport of the Wash
The Esch-Cummins bill was also
discussed. . .
Sessions were held behind closed
White Slave Ruling Stands.
Washington. March 8. 4Jv refusal
of the supreme court to review the
case, federal court decisions holding
that the transportation of women
from one state, to another in pri
vate automobiles for immoral pur
poses comes within the provisions
of the White Slave act will stand.'
The case reached the supreme court
on anneals from the conviction of
iAdft Griffith of Puluth Mins) . . .. ,
WILSON PUTS QUIETUS OH
ANY COMPROMISE PLANS
FOR TREATY RATIFICATION
Text of Wilson's
Note on Treaty s
The text of President Wilson's
letter to Senator Hitchcock rciterat
ing his opposition tp any reserva
tions to article 10 of the treaty of
Versailles follows: ' x
My Dear Senator Hitchcock:
I understand one or two of your
colleagues do me the honor of de
siring to know what my views are
with reference to article 10 of the
league of nations and the effect up
on the league, of the adoption of
Certain .proposed reservations to
that .article. I welcome the oppor
tunity to throw stay light I can up
on a subject which has Decome so
singularly beclouded by misappre
hensions and misinterpretations of
every kind. . ' r
"There is 'no escaping the "moral
obligations which are expressed in
positive terms in this article of the
covenant. We won a moral victory
over Germany far greater even than
ithe military victory won on the field
of battle, because the opinion of the
World swung to our support and the
support of the nations associated
with us in the great struggle. It
did so because of our common pro
fession and promise that we meant
to establish "an organization of
peace which .should make it certain
that the combined power of free na
tions would check every invasion of
right and serve to make peace and
justice the more secure by affording
a definite tribunal of opinion " to
which all must submit and by which
every international ' readjustment
that cannot be amicably agreed up
on by the peoples directly con
cerned shall be sanctioned. This
promise and assurance were written
into the preliminaries of the armis
tice and into the preliminaries of the
peace itself and constitute one of
the most sacred obligations ever as
sumed by any nation or body of na
tions. It is unthinkable that
America should set the example of
ignoring such a solemn moral en-,
Looking Out for Soldiers.
I feel that I could not look the
soldiers of qur gallant armies in the
face again if I did not do everything
in my power to remove every Ob
stacle in the way of this particular
article of. the covenant because we
made these pledges to them as well
as to the rest of the world and it
was to this cause they deemed them--
selves devoted m a fpirit of cru
saders. I should be forever unfaith
ful to them if I did not do my ut
most to fulfill the high purpose for
which they fought
I think we caff dismiss irom our
minds the idea that it is necessary
to stipulate in connection with ar
ticle ten the constitutional methods
we should use in fulfilling our ob
ligations under it. We gain nothing
by such stipulations , and secure
nothing not already secured. It was
understood as a matter of course at
the conference in Paris that what
ever obligations any government as-
(Continued on Pace Two, Column OneJ
Note From Another
Woman Leads Wife
To Shoot Husband
Columbus, N. M., March 8. 'Mrs.
Wade Doster, who early Monday
killed her husband, Captain Doster
of the army medical corps, and then
attempted to take her own life, had
deliberately planned the deeds, ac
cording to officers who. made public.
the discovery of a note under her
Mrs. Doster in the note, asked
that Captain Doster s parents in
Berkeley, Cal., be notified, officers.
said. I he full contents of the note
were not disclosed. j
The army captain's wife shot her
nusuana as ne siooa wasning nis
hands, just after arising from his
bed at 6:30 o'clock. The wife fired
as she lay in bed, using a revolver
which she drew from under her pil
low, authorities stated. ,
According to civil and military ol
ficers assigned to investigate the
tragedy, Captain Doster and his wife
quarreled most of last night. The
investigators said that Mrs. Doster
some weeks ago left her husband
and went to California after having
accidental intercepted a note ad
dressed to him from another woman.
This note, officers said, may have
led to the shooting.
Omaha' Lad, Injured While
Calling On Girl, Appeals Suit
Lincoln, Neb., March 8. -(Special)
The damage suit of W. A. Erath
of Omaha) against Lewis L. Raber,
1418 North Eighteenth street, Oma
ha, has beenk appealed to the state
Erath alleges that Raber attacked
him wheu he escorted his 19-year-old
daughter, Emily, to her home.
He claims he suffered injuries for
life, resulting in a $241 doctor bill,
and that his $40 suit and $5 hat were
destroyed in the fracas.
The district court of Douglas
county instructed the jury to find
for the parents.
Cudahy Estate to Yield"
Charity $10,868 Annually
Milwaukee, Wis.. March 8. Under
a final decree in tile estate of Helen
E. M. Cudahy, daughter of the late
Patrick Cudahy,. an annual tcash in
come of $10,868 will be ' divided
equally between the Associated
Charities, the Milwaukee Children'
hospital and the free medical dis
pensary of Marqaettf imiyeriitj, ,
Makes Supreme Effort to De
feat Lodge Reservations to
League of Nations in Letter ,
To Senator Hitchcock. '
Asserts That Destruction of
Moral Obligation of Article
10 to Intervene In Foreign
Quarrels Is Breach of Faith.
By ARTHUR SEARS HENNING.
Chicago Tribune-Omaha Bee Leaattd Wire.
Washington, March 8. With a
fervent appeal to the senate, and the
country to consider "what it is posi .
sible to accomplish for humanity,"
instead of "special national - inter
ests," President Wilson put forth his
supreme effort today to defeat the
Lodge reservations to the league of
In a letter to Senator Hitchcock
primarily for the guidance and in
struction of democratic senators, the
president unsparingly condemned the
reservations as nullification of the
covenant, asserted that destruction
of the moral obligation of article 10
to interfere in foreign quarrels would
be a breach of good faith and de
clared that if the United States can
not enter the league with full re
sponsibility it should retire ,"as
gracefully as possible from the great ,
concert of powers."
Demanding hands off' article 10.
of which he is the author and which
he pronounced the foundation of the
league, the president .paid his re- .
spects not only to the reservation,
but to (the allies for their approval
of , American reservations, charging
France" and Italy with, militarism
and possibly with Lord Grey of Eng-
land in mind, asserting that he would
not trust the "salvation " of the
world" to the "counsel of '. diplo- :
Deathknell of Treaty.
On all sides at the senate "The
president's letter was accepted as the .
deathknell of the treaty. The re-'
puDiican reservatiomsts and their
little group of democratic supporters
proclaimed anew v their insistence
upon the protection of national inTv
terest-instead of a plunge into .thai.
uii iiaiiuiiaiistu auvucaicu. , uy ine ....
president. . , . ' ? . , , V"
The voice from the hht House .,
stiffened the ranks of the administra- v -tion
democrats, minimized the pos
sibility of democratic revolt and, de- ' r
stroyed practically, all hope -of - a
compromise that would command a
two-thirds vote for ratification. The' .
general conclusion is that the presi
dent would pocket the treaty if sent
to him with the Lodge reservations. -
The declaration for a league with
out reservations or no league at all J
was also accepted as the keynote of '
the issue the president contemplates
carrying into the election either with
himself or a selected spokesman as '
the democratic candidate.- It sflso
proved a defiant challenge to Wilt
liam J., Bryan, who only yesterday
pronounced it suicidal for the demo- -cratic
party to. make the covenant v
without reservations an issue in the '
campaign. v y - :
Ratification Impossible Now.
Senator Hitchcock agreed thai '
ratification was apparently impos
sible at the present, but insisted that '
Mr. Wilson's letters had not pro-
duced any change in the situation. ' ,
There never was any chance ol V
getting a sufficient 'number of dem-
ocrats to accept the Lodge rescrva '
tion on" article ten to ratify the
treaty," Senator Hitchcock said. .
"The president's letter declares that
there, is t no 'difference between hav "
ing no league and an attempt to nu!-:
lify it -with reservations. It js bet
ter for us to stay out of the leagut
racefully than to go into it dis
Senator Lodge, the republican '
leader, declined to make any eit 1
tended statement about the letter,.'
but said: Thcre are some delight
ful passages in it, particularly the '
(Continued onvTat Two. Column Three.)
Smokeless America ,
By 1 925 Objective o
Chicago, March 8. A smokeless -
America by 192S is the aim of the
International Cigaret league, organ-1
ized as successor to the Anti-Cigar-et
league, it is announced here.
. "Save the girl" is one slogan, and
an effort . will be made to enlist
every girl in Chicago in the "clean
life army" of the league. -
"Bad habits are the beginning of
criminal careers," explained Miss '
Lucy Page Gaston, executive super- .
intendent of the organization, tell-
ing why the cigaret habit should
A campaign for $100,000 to 'carry , "
on the league s work will begin soon,
according to Miss Gaston. Public
schools and women's club will be
enlisted in sthe cause as well as '
churches, if possible. v
Confident No Lives jost N.
In $3,000,000 Hotel Fire :
Old Point Comfort. Va.. Marrh . -
8. After an all-day search of the
ruins, authorities are confident not
a life -was lost in the fire Sunday
evening whfch destroyed the Cham-' v
berlin hotel with a loss f more than'
,uw,uw, i,osses or gowns and
jewelry fry guests were estimated at
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