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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 7, 1919)
BITS OF NEWS
TO SHIP 140,000 COWS.
Berlin. Aug. 6. The German gov
a111 ,s now Retting ready to ship
140,000 milch cows to France and
Belgium, as required by the treaty
of peace. These cows are being re
quisitioned in East Prussia, Olden
burg, Schelswig-Holstein, Mecklih
burg and Hanover, where there are
some herds of cattle left.
According to a government state
ment there are now 7,700,000 milch
cows left in Germany. Only 1,700,
000 of them are available for the
milk supply of large cities. Only the
sick and babies are entitled to a
milk supply, which requires 6,500,000
litres a day.
The shipping of milch cows to
France and Belgium will reduce the
daily milk supply by 550,000 litres.
OVER LONG DISTANCE.
Denver, Aug. 6. A transcontinen
tal marriage was performed Wed
nesday by long distance telephone,
when Mrs. Marie J. West, in Den
ver, was wedded to James A. Home,
a Denver inventor, in New York.
The Rev. O. Elizabeth Anderson of
Loveland officiated at the Denver
When time for the presentation
of the ring- came, a friend who up
to that time had been best man and
presenter of the bride, became the
proxy bridegroom, placing the ring
on the bride's finger.
Chicago, Aug. 6. Here's an up-to-the-minute
Admiral Crichton plot.
An orderly walked meekly up to his
superior and saluted respectfully.
The day's chores were done, water
carried and errands run.
"What's wrong?" asked Maj. M.
' T Weiland of the Third battaliati,
Fourth regiment, on race riot duty.
"Nothing, sir," replied the order
ly, "but I am to be elected vice pres
ident of my firm and I would like to
be present, in fact the board of di
rectors expect me to be present."
Thus Private Irving H. Hartman,
Third battalion headquarters, Fourth
regiment, was given a 12-hour leave
to be elected vice president of a
. $1,000,000 furniture company.
THUGS THREATEN BABY
AND GET FATHER'S "ROLL".
New York, Aug. 6. Holding a re
volver at the head of his baby
daughter in her carriage, "highway
men compelled Louis Barber, an ice
cream and candy dealer, Brooklyn,
to hand over $200 early Tuesday
Barber closed his place of busi
ness just before 1 o'clock and with
his wife, Carolyn, and their 18-month-old
child, Hazel, started
home. Mrs. Barber pushed the baby
carriage. They were in an unfre
quented spot, when two men dashed
out of the dark. One pointed a re
volver at Barber while the second
held a pistol at the baby's head.
. i "If you-don't come across we'll
kill the baby," declared one of the
, : Mrs. Barber, as her husband in
the excitement of the affair hesitat
ed, pleaded with him to give the
men what he had, and he handed
over $200, the receipts of his busi
ness for the day.
Montclair, N. J., Aug. 6. The
songs chosen at the nightly "com
munity singing" in Montclair's only
theater recently have been of such
a frivolously topical character that
"highbrow" patrons have objected.
As one man told the management,
the "curl and girl" songs seemed too
.. silly for grown persons to sing in
public assemblage. i
"An adult may escape looking
like a fool singing them," he said,
"but he cannot help feeling like one."
The management, in answer to pro
tests, said that a short time ago the
audience wanted war songs, but
more recently has expressed a pref
erence for songs of lighter vein. In
an attempt to satisfy all the singers
it has been decided that each Thurs
day and Friday evening the program
will consist of "old. favorites," and
the other nights of, the newer melo
dies which appear to be the vogue.
IMPOLITE HOUSE GUARDS
INSULT BERGER'S WIFE.
Washington, Aug. 6. Mrs. Victor
Berger, wife of the Milwaukee so
cialist, whom the house has refused
to seat until certain charges grow
ing out of his attitude toward Amer
ica's participation in the war are
cleared up, has been denied admit
tance to the house press gallery.
Mrs. Champ Clark, wife of the
former democratic speaker of the
house, is sponsor for the story of
the incident. She said:
"I feel very much ashamed that
such a thing should have happened
to a woman of Mrs. Berger's high
" character. I had the story from
Mrs. Berger herself. She had a card
of admission to the gallery which
read: 'Admit Mrs. Berger and
"She went t"o the members' gallery
and was told by the guard that there
, were no seats left. She was directed
to the next gallery, where the door
keeper told her that while there
were seats they were reserved. Go
vin on to the next gallery, Mrs.
Berger presented her card.
: " 'Are you any kin to Victor
Berger?' the doorkeeper asked.
" 'Yes, I am his wife,' Mrs. Berger
M'Yoa can't come in here,' the
nun declared, and blocked the en
trance. Mrs. Berger said that she
did not hold the man at fault, as he
was evidently acting under orders."
EAGLE SOARS ON
New York, Aug. 6. The Amert
" can dollar was worth approximately
seven and three-fourths French
francs on the foreign exchange
market Wednesday when a violent
break in rates on Paris forced
French money to a new low record.
Cables were quoted at 7.67 and de
mand bills at 7.69. Before the war
the dollar was only worth 5 1-5 to
5 1-4 francs. The quotations repre
sent a discount of more than 30
oer cent from prewar rates.
OMAHA, THE GATE CITY OF THE WEST, OFFERS YOU GOLDEN OPPORTUNITIES.
The Omaha Daily Bee
VOL. 49 NO. 43.
Etirt u McMtf.tltn laattw May 2. 1906. l
Oaaha P. 0. mi act at,Jarck i. 117.
OMAHA,' THURSDAY, AUGUST 7, 1919.
B Mall (I yar), Dally. $1.50: SnaCa. IJ.W;
Dally U SJ.M: oatalda Nak. aoatata aatra.
Fair Thursday and Friday;
cooler in east portion Thursday
slightly warmer Friday.
It a. m
r p. m t
t p. m 4
8 p. m 9S
4 p. m 91
5 p. m 91
p. m 90
1 p. in 90
8 p. m 88
TURNED LOOSE ON
Armour, Swift, Morris, Wilson and Cudahy, Pictured in
Investigation as in Gigantic Trust to Control Food,
Will Be Prosecuted, According to Word
Given Out By Attorney General.
Troops, With Bayonets,
Disperse Strike Crowds
in Port of Liverpool
Liverpool, Thursday, Aug. 7.
Troops at midnight charged with
bayonets and dispersed a crowd of
persons outside St. George's . hall.
Several soldiers were beaten with
axe shafts by the mob. At the same
time firing was heard in the Scot
land road district. Details of the
trouble there have not been received.
Tramway service was suspended
Wednesday, and there was virtually
no bread to be had as a result of the
strike movement which began with
the police and now includes the
tramway men and bakers. Munici
pal employes voted to give 24 hours'
strike notice, unless demand of the
tramway men were met.
London, Aug. 6. This afternoon's
London newspapers feature a state
ment printed in the Times to the
effect that it was understood the
British authorities were convinced
the present strikes were part of a
conspiracy organized abroad to sub
vert England's system of government
Expect Bulgar-Allied .
Agreement in Few Days
Paris. Aug. 6. Negotiations be
tween the allied powers and Bul
garia probably will be concluded
within the next eight days, accord
ing to the Echo de Paris.
(By The Associated Press.)
Washington, Aug. 6. Anti-trust suits against the great
meat packing firms were announced today by Attorney Gen
eral Palmer as the first concrete development of the govern
ment campaign to reduce the high cost of living.
Armour, Swift, Morris, Wilson and Cudahy, who have
been pictured in the investigations of the federal trade com
mission and before congressional committees as a great com
bination in control of food products, are to be haled again
before the federal courts by special prosecutors.
The evidence in hand, Attorney,
General Palmer declared, indicated
"a clear violation of the anti-trust
Whether the prosecution would
be civil or criminal the attorney
general declined to state, merely
recalling that the law provided for
The history of all the govern
ment's anti-trust prosecutions in 25
years does not a show a single in
dividual ever serving a jail sentence
for a violation. There are evidences
that the government hopes for some
in the present campaign.
Special Agents Unleashed.
While he was announcing prose
cutions of the packers, Attorney
General Palmer was unleashing his
special agents on a countrywide
trail of profiteering and food hoard
ing. These prosecutions come
under the food control law. ' '
AH United States attorneys were
instructed to ferret out food hoards
and libel them under federal law.
"This is the most important busi
ness before the country today," an
nounced the attorney general, "and
I propose to have the law enforce
ment machinery of the government
sidetrack everything to this job."
President Wilson continued to
give close attention to the food
cost problem and declined to post
pone his address to congress, until
Tuesday next week instead of this
Friday. Republican Floor Leader
Monfell of the house suggested the
postponement because of absence
of members from Washington, but
the president declined in a letter to
to the republican leader.
The president wrote Mr. Mondell
that the situation now was as acute
as it was last week when he request
ed congress not to adjourn and that
he felt it his duty to present nis
views to congress at the earliest
Mr. Wilson also sent letters to
Speaker Gillett and Vice President
Marshal informing them of his in
tention to address a joint session of
congress at 4 o'clock Friday after
noon. Subjects of Message.
There was no intimation from the
White House as to the nature of
the recommendations the president
would make in addressing congress.
From the trend of the government's
activities in an attempt to solve the
living cost problem, however, in
the view of several officiajs, the
president probably would deal with
Enlargement of the provisions of
the Lever food control law, to make
it operative after the proclamation
(Continued on Pe Two, Column Five.)
Special Agent Finds
of Food Profiteering
Pittsburgh, Pa., Aug. 6. Val
uable evidence has been found of
alleged profiteering, Special
Agent Edgar K. Speer of the De
partment of Justice said, follow
ing the arrest of three officials
of the Central Sugar company's
branch office here for alleged
tugar profiteering. It is
charged the company sold sugar
during the last week at 14 cents
a pound, wholesale.
The men are charged with con
spiracy to violate section 4 of
the food act of congress, which
holds it unlawful to charge un
reasonable prices for the neces
saries of life. A hearing for the
men,' who were released under
$2,000 b,ond, each, will be held
How it May Have Happened
Captain Wips in Command
American Forces, Dis-
Copenhagen, Aug. 6 French
troops arrived at Budapest Tuesday,
and British troops under General
Gofdor and American forces under
Captain Wips arrived there Wed
nesday, according to dispatches re
ceived here from Vienna, quoting
the newspapers of that city.
Advance on Capital.
Berlin, Aug. 6. Troops of the
anti-communist government at Szeg
edin are advancing on Budapest, ac
cording to dispatches received here.
The force is said to include a bat
talion of 1,800 officers who have put
on mourning which they have sworn
not to remove until they have
avenged alleged acts of violence
against their relatives.
Twenty -five hundred French
troops, it is reported, also will
march on Budapest from the Szeg
edin front. English troops from
Fiume already are on their way to
the Hungarian capital as part of
the allied force of occupation.
A general reactionary movement
in Hungary is said to be feared as a
result of these military advances,
and the son of Archduke Frederick
already has been mentioned as a
candidate for the throne.
Union Labor Endorses
Salvation Army Campaign
The State Federation of Labor, in
session at the Labor Temple here,
yesterday afternoon adopted a reso
lution endorsing the campaign for
funds of the Salvation Army and the
work this body does in general.
The Salvation Army at the
present time is conducting a home
service campaign which includes the
establishment of a rescue home ior
girls in Omaha and buildings for a
similar purpose at Hastings and
The resolution of the labor body
provides for a sum to be included
in the annual budget of the organ
ization for the Salvation Army.
Children Pay More by
Raise in Trolley Fares
Chicago, Aug. 6. Increases from
five to seven cents on the surface
lines and from six to eight cents on
the elevated railroads, effective at
midnight Thursday were granted
the street railway companies today
by the Illinois public utilities com
mission. Half fares for children be
tween 7 and 12 years, on the sur
face cars, were advanced to four
&- ( Tummy, - Just Write
lid to4r& To Senator lodge J
Wll v3f) AND TELL HIM I (
W j3j DDNT Have Time
"VvInJTOPACK ALL THE a
fBiGPAJfcDOM,-'"" WELL i WELL !!-
f - YoUR H EXCELLENCY, NORooM LEFT,- jS ivL
ft? l BUT "EM ARB JUST SEND J yfc M&fP7
Pact Upholds "14 Points," Lansing Says;
Wilson Thinks Shantung Issue Cleared
Declares Treaty as a
Whole Carried Out "Sub
stantially" the Principles
Enunciated by President.
By The Associated Press.
Washington, Aug. 6. Secretary
Lansing before the senate foreign
relations committee today expressed
the opinion that the Shantung pro
vision of the peace treaty did not
square with President Wilson's
enunciated principle of self-determination
but maintained that the
treaty as a whole carried out "sub
stantially" the president's fourteen
Declaring his unfamiliarity with
many details of the peace negotia
tions and of the treaty itself, the
secretary told the committee he was
unable to answ.er many qi its ques
tions and reminded senators in
answering others that he merely
was expressing his own personal
"Ask the president," the secretary
said when pressed for details of the
Shantung and league of nations ne
gotiations. On three of the points
raised he asked permission to re
fresh his memory and make a state
ment to the committee later and
when he was asked for a detailed
construction of the labor and repar
ation clauses he protested that he
could not be expected to carry the
minut'iae of an 80,000 word docu
ment in his mind and reminded the
committee it was much easier to
"ask questions prepared before
harl," than to answer them offhand.
Would Have Signed Anyway.
Mr. Lansing said that in his opin
ion Japan probably would have
signed the treaty without the Shan
tung provision; that the United
States should ask no part of Ger
man reparations; that the kaiser
could not be legally tried;, and that
the mutual guarantee of territorial
integrity from external aggression,
as contained in article 10 of the
league covenant, imposed a moral
obligation but not a legal one.
The secretary said it was true
that the 14 points had not been dis
cussed, to his knowldege, in the
preparatory stages of the peace ne
gotiations; that the American draft
of the league of nations never was
"pressed" before the conference;
that the president had asked the
peace conference not to lay before
the French senate the record of dis
cussions on the league; and that the
United States did not know of se
cret treaties between the allies and
Japaiyegarding Shantung when this
country, by the Lansing-Ishii agree
ment, recognized Japatf s "special in
terests" in China.
It was not true. Secretary Lans
ing said, that he ard the other mem-
(Contlnueil On Pur T Column Fonr.l
ONCE IS URGED
Washington, Aug. 6. (By The
Associated Press.) Acting as a
unit for the first time in the pre
sentation of wage demands the four
teen principal railroad unions today
in expressing to Director General
Hines their disapproval of Presi
dent Wilson's, proposal that con
gress create a commission to con
sider increased pay, declared that
wage questions must be settled im
mediately. A general program to meet the
present crisis involving the threat
of a nationwide strike, was submit
ted to the director general. It sug-'
gested that the money to provide
increased pay should come from an
appropriation by congress to be
followed by appropriate freight fate
advances. This "temporary relief"
must be accompanied by a deter
mined effort to reduce the cost of
Permanent solution of ihe rail
road problem was declared to de
pend upon the removal of returns
to capital as the sole purpose of
operation and the director general,
accordingly, was asked to recom
mend to President Wilson that he
attempt to obtain early passage by
congress of organized labor's bill
to eliminate private capitaj from
control of the railroads and to give
the employes a share in the profits.
The unions declared the belief of
the workers that transportation
rates should be sufficient to guar
antee just wages, maintain the prop
erties and give equitable returns on
Interesting as were" the sugges
tions for removing the menace of a
nationwide strike, the unified action
of the fourteen organizations at
tracted equal attention. Labor lead
ers who were questioned declined
to say whether the unions would act
as a whole in the future, but de
clared they were going through with
the present situation as one body.
Paralysis Hinted At.
The result will be to put the solid
weight of 2.000.000 persons, virtual
ly the entire rail transportation per
sonnel of the United States, back of
the demands, with the possibility as
never before of the paralysis of the
nation's life if a general strike
Co-operation between the four
great brotherhoods engineers, fire
men, conductors and trainmen for
the first time several years ago
proved the power of united action
(Cnntiniinl on Tar Two. Column ThrwO
Believes Uchida's Frank
Statement Should Re
move All Misunderstand
ings Which Have Arisen.
By The Associated Press.
Washington, Aug. 6. President
Wilson issued a formal statement
tonight saying that the "frank state
ment" made by Viscount Uchida as
to Japan's policy regarding Shan
tung "ought to serve to remove
many of the misunderstandings
which had begun to accumulate
about this question."
References in the Uchida state
ment as to the agreement between
Japan and China in 1915 "might be
misleading," the president said, "if
not commented upon in the light of
what occurred in Paris."
When the question of disposal of
Shantung was definitely decided on
at Paris, President Wilson said, the
Japanese delegation in reply to a
question from him said:
" 'The policy of Japan is to hand
back the Shantung peninsula in full
sovereignty to China, retaining only
the occnomic privileges granted to
Germany and the right to establish
a settlement under the usual condi
tions at Tsing-Tao.' "
The president's statement, made
public through the State depart
"The government of the United
States has noted with the greatest
interest the frank statement made
by Viscount Uchida, with regard to
Japan's future policy respecting
Shantung. The statement ought to
serve to remove many of the mis
understandings which had begun to
accumulate about this question. But
there are references in the state
ment to an agreement entered into
between Japan and China in 1915
which might be misleading, if not
commented upon in the light of
what occurred in Paris when the
clauses of the treaty affecting Shan
tung were under discussion. 1,
therefore, take the liberty of sup
plementing Viscount Uchida's state
ment with the following:
'"In the conference of the 30th
of. April, last, where this matter was
brought to a conclusion among the
heads of the principal allied and
associated powers, the Japanese
delegates. Baron Makino and Vis
count Chinda, in reply to a question
put by myself, declared that:
Policy of Japan.
"'The policy of Japan is to hand
back the Shantung peninsula in full
sovereignty to China, retaining only
the economic privileges granted to
Germany, and the right to establish
a settlement under the usual condi
tions at Tsing Tao.
" 'The owners of the railway will
use special police only to insure se-
1 Tontinned On. Pare Two. Column Four.)
TIEUP OF TROLLEY
FOR TIME BEING
Decision Reached After Stormy Meeting Lasting Four
Hours Will Continue Negotiations for Original
Demand of 60 Cents an Hour Zimman
Active in Settlement.
Increase In Fares
Lincoln, Neb., Aug. 6. (Spe
cial Telegram.) The State Rail
way commission today granted
a temporary increase of 2
cents in fares for the Omaha &
Council Bluffs Street Railway
Co., to take effect August 10.
The increase was based oh a
showing that the company made
average dividends of $425,000 dur
ing five years, 1914 to 1918, inclu
sive. This is approximately 5
per cent. It was shown that un
der existing conditions the com
pany's revenueswas falling below
' The new scale of fares granted
by the commision is as follows:
Adult fares. 7 cents or four for
25 cents; children, 5 to 12 years
old, half fare; school children, 5
AH existing revenue over the
average of 1914 to 1918 must, be
held in a reserve fund by the
company, according to the deci
sion of the commission, pending
a settlement of the application of
the company for fare increase.
MEN MAKE LONG
There will be no strike of street car men in Omaha at
After more than four hours of stormy debate and dis
cussion at the Labor temple last night employes voted to
reject the proposal of the Omaha and Council Bluffs Street
Railway Co. for a 10-cent increase in wages per hour condi
tional upon a 7-cent fare. They reiterated their demand for
a maximum wage of 60 cents per hour, demanding a flat
hourly increase of 15 cents.
,w At the same ime the men re
moved the possibility of a strike in
the near future by empowering their .
executive committee to continue ne
gotiations with city and company
officials for the 60-cent rate, agree
ing to await the outcome of these
negotiations before taking definite
action in the matter. A conference
between the executive committee
and city commissioners will be held
Will Strive for Agreement.
As the increased fare cannot go
into effect until city officials with
draw their opposition to the advance,
it is expected that several other at
tempts to reach an agreement on
the wage demands will be made.
The committee was instructed to
reach an agreement as quickly as
possible, although no definite time
limit was set by the men.
The settlement of the threatened
strike was brought about after hard
work by City Commissioner Zim
man, President Ben Shprt and Busi
ness Agent J. H. McMillian of the
carmen's union, and Mr. Burke, rep
resentative of. the national organiza
tion. Zimman As Mediator.
Mr. Zimman has been a tireless
negotiator ever since the strike be
gan to threaten. Last night, after
the final conference between the
men and the company officials had .
indicated that there was a hopeless
deadlock on the wage question, the
company holding fast at 55 cents and
the men. demanding 60 cents an
hour, Mr. Zimman offered to ad
dress the evening meeting.
He was there all evening and
made a number of speeches. He ap
pealed, among other things, to -the
younger men to accept the wage in- '
crease and not to compel the older
men with families to submit to the
loss that going out on strike would
Already Won Victory.
Mr. McMillian and Mr. Short also -appealed
to the men. They pointed
out that they have already won a
splendid victory in securing an un
precedented increase in wages,
amounting to about 22 per cent.
They suggested- that it would be
wise to co-operate with the com
pany to see what increase of rev- ,
enue the 7-cent fare will produce '
and bring up the wage question
"The decision of the meeting is
that the cars will run as usual," said
Mr. Burke. "It means, however,
that the men hope to get 60 cents
an hour eventually. There will be
no strike, but negotiations will con-,
tinue with the company officials out
of which we believe additional good
will come for the men." '
The meting of all the street car'
men off duty last night jammed tne
big room at Labor temple to the
walls. There, for four hours, the
men sweltered while the battle raged
back and forth between those who
demanded "60 cents or nothing" and
those who viewed 55 cents as a good
The oratory raged very loud at
times. The leaders had to overcome
ihe fact that the meeting of carmen
held yesterday morning voted al
most unanimously for "60 cents or,
nothing." Those who attended that
meeting, however, were far fewer
than those attending the big session
"The men are not so anxious for
recognition of the union as they ar
for improved working conditions,"
said Mr. Zimman after the meeting.
"There are many points that ihej
have brought up which will, I be
lieve, be readily granted because
they will work for the benefit of the
company as well as for the good of
Company Stands Pat
The final effort of the men and
company officials to "get together"
was made late yesterday afternoon
in the company's offices following
an afternoon session in the city .
council chamber with the city com
missioners. The men told the company offi
cials that they would walk out unless
their demands for 60 cents an hour
were complied with.
President Hamilton and Assistant
General Manager Leussler pointed
out to them that they had alread
(Continued on Page Two, Columa M ,
Party From Fort Sill, Okl.,
Lands at Lexington After
. 32 Hours in Air.
One of the longest free balloon
trips on record was finished at 8:35
o'clock yesterday morning when
Lieut. W. H. Mcllwain, Lieut. Hoke
S. O'Kelley and Sergeant Schmeider
landed at Lexington, Neb., having
flown from Fort Sill, Okl., in ap
proximately 32 hours.
The balloon left Fort Sill early
Monday morning, taking a zig-zag
course across the state of Kansas
and traveling a distance of about
700 miles. The balloon was in com
mand of Lieutenant O'Kelley, and
was piloted by himself and Lieuten
ant Mcllwain. Seven stops were
made during the trip. Lieutenant
Mcllwain stated last night that he
was 3ure a number of records had
All of the men in the balloon re
ceived their ground training at Fort
Omaha, Sergeant Schmeider being
one of the original balloon com
pany located here.
About two weeks ago tire same
men left Fort Sill, and after being in
the air for 18 hours without food,
landed at Longfellow, Tex., about
20 miles from the Mexican line. The
distance of this flight was about 600
Lieutenant Mcllwain stated last
night that further attempts to break
records would be made in the near
future and with favorable winds he
was 'hopeful of flying 1,000 miles
Grocers Protest to Wilson
Against Order for Sugar
San Antonio, Tex., Aug. 6.
Wholesale grocers of . San Antonio,
who Tuesday wired President Wil
son, protesting against an order for
shipment of 1.000.000 pounds of su
gar from government warehouses at
Fort Sam Houston for "non-essential
consumers" in Chicago, declare
that firms for which the sugar was
intended included Armour & Co.;
Libby; McNeil & Libby; National
and Continental candy companies
and Sawyer Biscuit company.
The wholesalers assert this section
of the country "faces a sugar fam
ine" and asks that the government
shipment be withheld pending an
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