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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 3, 1918)
BITS OF NEWS
ACTOR LOSES EYE
DAMAGED BY ACCIDENT.
New York, Dec 2. Nat C. Good
win, ubmitted to n operation to
day for the removal of one of his
eyes at a hospital here. Damage to
the actor's eye caused by his mix
ing, through error, the wrong in-
gredients in an eye wash made the
FIRST AERIAL WEATHER
: Washington, Dec. 2. The first
aerial weather forecast to be issued
in the United States was made
in co-operation with the aerial mail
service of the Postoflfice department.
It is as follows: .
"New York to Cleveland: Cloudy
8 p. m., snow near Lake Erie.
Winds moderate northwest to north
riorthwest east of .the Alleghenies
tip to 6,500 feet and moderate south
winds west of Alleghenies, shifting
to west-southwest at about 1,500
feet. Forecast snow Monday with
increasing northwest to north winds
up to 6,000 feet, backing to strong
It is the purpose to forecast
for all the territory from New York
to Chicago by December 15.
SUB ON.SEA TEN DAYS ,
AFTER ARMISTICE IS SIGNED.
Washington, Dec. 2. Ten days
after the armistice was signed a
German submarine arrived in the
port of Barcelona, the State depart
ment was notified today. The boat
will be interned by the Spanish gov
ernment. OPEN PORT OF ANTWERP
AND VESSELS UNLOAD FOOD
T... V,l- no " Ttio nnrt nf
mniwerp nas vmn upencu lur snip
ping of all tonnage and already
tlire vesspls have arrived in the
port, it was announced here today
I T t 1 A 1 , .
Dy tne Belgian consulate. ti re
lief ships can now proceed directly
A m.n A to Vi fir era ill ir rar.
goes, thereby assisting materially in
expediting the distribution of food.
PRESIDENT'S NIECE ,
WILL APPEAR IN PAGEANT.
New York, Dec. 2 Miss Margaret
Vale, a niece of President Wilson,
will represent "Starving Europe," in
a pageant which will be staged here
each afternoon this week on the
steps of the public library as a feat
ure of "conservation week for world
relief," according to an announce
ment tonight by the Federal Food
RICH IOWA FARMER HAS
HERD OF TWELVE, ELK.
Atlantic, la., Dec. 2. (Special.)
V-One of the very few herds of elk
in the country is owned by Jonas
Neifert, a well-to-do farmer living
UviWCCIl .Ti.ua u ttliu aat j , u ma
farm Neifert has a herd of 12 elk,
which he has gathered together
during tne last seven or eigni years.
The first of the animals Neifert ob
tained through a brother in Wy
oming, -who has herd. He keeps
the elk merely as a fad and not for
EVERYTHING THAT'S BEST is THE GREAT AND GLORIOUS WEST-THATS OMAHA,
The Omaha Daily Bee
VOL. 48. NO. 144.
Entn4 u iweal.eliw Matter May n. IMS. gf
Oath P. 0. nit tot t March j, 1179
OMAHA, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 3, 1918.
By Mall (I star). Dally. 14. SO: Sunday. 12.50)
Dally and Sua., 13.90; oulildt Nab., xataaa axtra.
Fair Tuesday and Wed
nesday; Moderate tempera
ture. Thermometer Keadlncai
in 15 1
m 4 t
ru 34 S
ai 84 4
m 85 5
in 40 7
STREET GAR MEN
AT NO0N TODAY
Unless Street Railway Com-
pany Recognizes Union at
Meeting Today Strike on
Entire System Threatens.
Representatives of the street car
men's union will meet with Presi
dent Wattles of the Omaha and
Council Bluffs Street Railway com
pany at 12 o'clock today, to learn
h artirtn rf tin. lirrfnrc in re
gard to their demands that the
union be recognized. A meeting of
the directors will be held at 10
The employes submitted their de
mands calling for a complete "recog
nition of the union and asked for an
immediate answer. Unuess the de
mands are met by the company a
strike of motormen and conductors
German Troops in Africa
Surrender to Allied Army
Lourenco, Marquez, Portuguese,
East Africa, Dec. 2. General von
Lettow-Vorbeck, the officer com
manding the German troops who
was driven 6ut of German East
Africa, has surrendered with his
iorce of 4,433 persons, according to
an official announcement made here
The general's forces consisted of
30 officers, 125 other Europeans,
1,163 Askaris, 2,000 Carriers, 13 na
tive chiefs and 1.100 male and fe-
m1j. nativc Tli Drmanc will he
sent back to Europe.
The terms of the German armi
stice provided for the evacuation by
all German forces operating in East
Africa withn a perod to be fixed
by the allies.
LIKELY TO BE CHOSEN AS
Cheering Crowds Throng Piers
as First Troopship Returns;
No-Welcome for Ship
load of Wounded.
By Associated Press.
New York, Dec. 2. New York,
embarkation port of many hundred
thousands of American troops
bound for war, heard today the first
cheers of homecoming men of the
victorious army more than 4,000 of
them from almost every state in
the union, who joined in a shout
that carried across the waters and
into the streets of downtown Man
hattan when their transport, the
Mauretania, passed the Statue of
Whistles Shriek Welcome.
With Mayor Ilylan and an of
ficial reception committee, accom
panied by the police band, aboard,
the soldier-freighted liner steamed
up the bay between lines of harbor
craft with the flags of America and
the allies flying and with whistles
shrieking a welcome.
Battery park and piers on the
Manhattan and New Jersey shoes
were thronged with flag-waving,
cheering multitudes as the Maure
tania moved up to her pier on the
At the same time, without cheers
or an- official welcome of any sort,
1,000 wounded soldiers, returned by
way of hospitals in France from the
trenches, where they gripped with
the foe and helped to crush" him,
were being moved ashore from the
troop ship Northern Pacific at Ho
They were hurried to hospitals in
Hoboken, Jersey City and Staten
To safeguard the public against
possible, infectious diseases, the
troops from both transports were
isolated as they came ashore. Both
the well and the wounded will be
denied close contact with relatives
or friends until after they have un
dergone medical examinations in
camp or hospital. The units from
the Mauretania, all from training
fields in England, will be mustered
out at Camp Mills. Families of tne
wounded will be notified within a
few days of their whereabouts and
permitted to see them.
Thankfulness at getting home
was the prevailing spirit among the
wounded troops. Many bore more
(Continued on Pago Two, Column Two.)
King of Montenegro
is Deposed by Act of
London, Dec. 2. King Nicholas of
Montenegro has been deposed by
the Skupshtina, the Montenegrin na
tional assembly, according to a mes
sage received here from Prague to
day. The dispatch was sent from
Prague by the Czecho-Slovak press
bureau by way of Copenhagen. It
says that the Skupshtina voted the
deposition on Friday last and de
clared for a union of Montenegro
with Serbia under King Peter.
The family of the king was in
cluded in the act of deposition.
Kroonland Sails With
1,347 Americans Aboard
Washington, Dec 2. The War
department announced today that
the steamer Kroonland had sailed
from a French port on November
29 with 1,349 soldiers, including the
headquarters and headquarters de
tachment of the Seventy-sixth di
vision. In addjjion, there are on board
headquarters troop, Seventh divi
sion; ambulance company, 304; pos
tal detachment, Seventy-sixth divi
sion; sick and wounded, 704.
?M jg-'v, if I
Iim iiiAimbi&1ii iff
WILSON TO NAME
Successors to Secretary Mc
Adoo Named Tuesday Says
President; Lovett May
Be New Rail Head.
Washington, Dec. 2. President
Wilson did not leave Washington
tonight and the assumption was that
he would depart some time tomor
row for New York, where he will
board the liner George -Washington
on which he and the other members
of the American peace delegation
will make the voyage to France.
Will Name Appointees.
Inquirers were assured today it was
the president's purpose to name a
secretary of the treasury and direc
tor general for the railroads before
he departs for Europe.
In many quarters it is now regard
ed as most certain that the president
will select a new director general to
succeed Mr.McAdoo from the pres
ent railroad administration staff and
Robet S. Lovett, director of capital
expenditures is known to be under
consideration. 'Walter D. Hines, as
sistant director general is said to
have expressed a desire to remain
in his present position.
Clemenceau Says He
Was Instrumental in
Giving Foch Command
London, Dec. 2. M. Clemenceau,
the French premier, caused a sensa
tion in his address at the French
embassy tonight by declaring that
but for him Marshal Foch would
have had no command. The oc
casion was a reception in honor of
the premier and Marshal Foch, who
were given another- extraordinary
Lansing Advises Filing of
Claims Against Germany
Washington, Dec. 2. American
citizens were advised in a statement
today by Secretary Lansing that
they should file at the State depart
ment within 30 days from Decem
ber 1 information concerning losses
sustained through German submar
ine warfare, either before or after
the United States entered the war.
Losses and details ' concerning
them, covering cargoes or personal
property or effects, should be sub
mitted where the property was un
insured or partially insured,, and re
gardless of whether the property
was carried in American or foreign
Son of Omaha Man Goes
Across on Pennsylvania
David W. Calvert, gunner's mate
on the battleship Pennsylvania, son
of D. S. Calvert, night foreman of
The Bee composing room, will cross
the Atlantic on that warship when
it acts as escort for the presidential
shio. Georee Washington. The voy-
I age will probably begin today.
Vast Reduction in Expenses
of Conducting Govern
ment During Coming
Year of Peace.
By Associated Press.
Washington, Dec. 2. A regular
army of approximately 500,000 men
is provided for specifically in esti
mates submitted to congress today
for the fiscal year 1920, beginning
next July. Detailed items on the
pay of the army show that in the
total of $1,922,000,000 asked for, ex
clusive of the fortification estimates,
provision is made for the payment
of only 21,259 officers and 382,667
men of the line and approximately
130,000 noncombatant troops with
the requisite staff officers.
The inclusion in the estimates,
however, of five items of pay with
a nominal appropriation of $100
each asked, shows that the whole
question of the strength of the
army after the conclusion of peace
has been deferred and that supple
mental estimates are to be ex
pected under these headings when
it is possible to present a completed
project. The items thus held in
suspension are those providing for
the pay of reserve and national
guard officers and men.
Navy Asks More Money.
The naval estimates are framed
on an exactly opposite theory.
Every provision is made for steady
and rapid increase of the fleet, a
total of approximately $434,000,000
being asked. Of that sum $200,000,
000 is he first increment of the
proposed , new three-year building
program providing for 10 additional
dreadnaughts, six battle cruisers
and 140 other fighting craft. The
remainder of the $434,000,000 would
go to complete ships of the first
Secretary Daniels has renewed,
also, the naval emergency fund
item, under which congress appro
priated $100,000,000 last year to pro
vide for the construction of addi
tional destroyers, submarine chas
ers and other special craft and to
expedite construction work. This
year, however, the department asks
Army Reduction Large.
Cessation of war will result in a
reduction of government expenses
ofr the fiscal year 1920, starting next
July 1, to $7,443,415,838 from the
$24,599,000,000 appropriated for the
current year according to tentative
estimates submitted to congress
by Secretary McAdoo, transmitting
the reports of the various depart
ments. The principal reduction was for
the military establishment, which
(Continued on Face Two, Column One.)
Nebraska Troops at Cody
Demobilized at Once
Camp Cody, N. M., Dec. 2.
Brig.-Gen. James R. Lindsay, com
mander of Camp Cody, officially an
nounced today that the Ninety
seventh division in training here
had been ordered demobilized at
once. The base hospital and a few
other necessary units are to remain
intact for the present, it was an
nounced. It is expected to complete
the demobilization by January 1,
General Lindsay said. Troops from
Minnesota, Oklahoma, Nebraska,
New Mexico and other western
sfates have been training here.
Chile Calls Reserves to
Report to Their Colors
Santiago, Chile, Dec. 2. The
Chilean army reserves from the dis
tricts of Iquique, Serena, Antofag
asta, Tacna and Copiapo, who were
released from service in 1917 and
1918, have been recalled to the col
ors. The naval commanders in all parts
of the republic are reported to have
been called to Santiago for a naval
PRESIDENT WITHHOLDS ACTUAL MOTIVE
THAT IMPELS HIM TO MAKE TRIP ABROAD
IN MESSAGE AT OPENING OF CONGRESS
Former Attorney General George W. Wickersham
Will Report the Peace Conference for The Bee
By special arrangement in conjunction with the New York Tribune a critical review of the proceedings at Ver
sailles from day to day will be given readers of The Bee by this eminent lawyer, who served with distinction in the
last presidential cabinet. " No one reporting the sessions will be better versed in the subjects at issue.
The Peace Conference will be the one big After-the-War World Event which will center and hold universal
interest from start to finish. It will determine the details of the hard-won victory of the Allies.
This exceptional service is in addition to the full Associated Press cable dispatches sent by its great corps of brilliant war correspondents,
who are already assembling in Paris to cover the news of the peace negotiations in a manner befitting that wonderful organization in
which The Bee holds membership for both day and night reports. f - " -
Subscribe for The Bee regularly to avoid missing a single number . ' Phone Tyler 1000
Given Noticeably Cool Recep
tion by Lawmakers While
Delivering Address; Lacks
Washington Bureau of Omaha Bee
Washington, Dec. 2. (Special
Telegram.) President Wilson's re
ception at the hands of an American
congress today was frigid in the ex
treme. The lawmakers had assembled to
listen to a recital of the reasons
that prompted the president to leave
the shores of the United States to
participate in a peace conference in
a foreign land, but the motives were
not forthcoming and in consequence
the frost grew denser.
The president touched upon many
domestic questions that require so
lution but failed to take the legisla
tors into his confidence as to the
impelling cause for the historic jour
Feels Chill of Audience.
Then, too, there was lacking in
the president's voice its old-time
resource and he read his manuscript
as if he felt the chill about him and
yet was not able to dispel it, even
by the force of his own strong per
The only real genuine applause
the president received was to his
splendid tribute to the soldiers,
sailors and marines, and their great
chiefs, Pershing and Sims, down to
the youngest lieutenant, who went
forth to their terrible adventure
blithely and with the quick intelli
gence of those who know just what
it is they would accomplish.
"I am proud to be the fellow-countryman
of men of such stuff and
valor," said the nation's chief. With
the utterance of these words the
members of congress, representa
tives of the supreme court and pack
ed galleries gave Mr. Wilson heart
felt ovation, only to settle back
again waiting for the words that
would tatisfy the nation that his
going abroad was made necessary
by the European situation.
Senate Resents Neglect.
Still they never came. The silence
at times was oppressive, throughout
The old spontaneity was lacking
in the hearty handclapping, even on
the part of the democrats. At least
two-thirds of the senate made no
demonstration whatsoever through
out the reading of the message.
They showed by their action that
they resented the president's failure
ta appoint one or two of their num
mer peace conferees and when he
passed the "buck" so to speak, as to
government ownership of railroads,
admitting that he had no solution
to offer, the situation became al
most tragic. It seemed as if the
president had become a special
Hitchcock as Escort.
Senator Hitchcock, who was
made a member of the committee to
escort the president to the rostrum,
was forced to fake a seat in the
space reserved for the supreme
court by reason of the crowded con
dition of the hall -of the house and
sat next to Mr. Justice McReyrfolds,
probably the nearest the senator
will ever come to occupying a seat
on the supreme bench. It was no
ticeable that the senator was al
most the last to arise when the
president left the hall.
All the members of the Nebraska
(Continued on I'hrc Tho, Column Five.)
Office of President
Washington, Dec. 2. A joint
resolution introduced by Representa
tive Rodenburg of Illinois, republi
can, proposes that congress declare
President Wilson's trip to Europe
constitutes an inability to discharge
the power and duty of the office of
president and that so long as he is
away from the country, the vice
president act as president.
The resolution was dropped into
the bill box without discussion on
Gillett Says Address
of President Least
Effective of Them All
Washington,' Dec. 2.-(Special
Telegram.) Representative Gil
lett of Massachusetts, who is like
ly to be the republican floor fead
er in the Sixty-sixth congress,
said tonight of President Wil
son's message: "It is the "roost
disappointing and least effective
message the president has ever
given us, largely, I presume, be
cause we were keyed up to ex
pect that he would tell us some
of his reasons for going abroad
and discuss the particular proj
ects that will come before the
"Instead of that, he gave us
generalities expressed in his
usual charming style."
Iowan Proposes Upper House
Dispatch Committee to
Peace Meet to Report
Washington, Dec. 2 Senator Cum
mins of Iowa, republican, introduced
today a resolution proposing that a
senate committee of four democrats
and four republicans be sent to
France for the peace conference, to
keep the senate informed on ques
tions arising there.
Senator Kellogg of Minnesota, re
publican, declared he would oppose
the resolution and hoped it would
be sent to the foreign affairs com
mittee and there killed.
On motion of Senator Hitchcock
of Nebraska, chairman of the foreign
relations committee, the resolution
was referred to that committee. Ex
cept for the statement of Senator
Kellogg there was no discussion of
the merits of the measure.
Text of Resolution.
The resolution proposes:
"It is resolved by the senate, that
there be created a committee to 1e
composed of eight senators one
half from the majority and one-half
from the minority which shall be
charged with the duty of proceeding
to Paris at the proper time in order
to be there present during the said
"The committee shall diligently
inquire with respect to all the facts
pertaining to or material for the
future consideration of the proposed
treaties by the senate and make
itself familiar with all the condi
tions and circumstances surround
ing the subject and all the reasons
which may exist for and against
the action to be taken. It shall
report to the senate upon all such
matters, as often as it may deem it
advisable to do so, and it shall make
a final report at or before the time
that the treaties growing out of the
conference are laid before the senate
for approval, rejection or modifica
tion. Government to Foot Bill.
"The committee shall be chosen
in the manner provided in the rules
of the senate for the selection of its
"It is authorized to employ such
secretaries, clerks, stenographers
and messengers as it may deem nec
essary for the discharge of the
duties here imposed upon it.
All the expenses incident to its
work in the United States and
Europe shall be paid from the con
tingent fund of the senate upon
the certificate of the senator who
shall be chosen chairman of the
Widow Wills to Relatives
New York, Del 2. The will of
the floor It was referred to the ju- of John w G muitimillionaire
Pays Lofty Tribute to Soldiers of United State and De
clares He Goes to Make Secure What They Fought
For; Railroad Problem Discussed, But No
Solution Of fered. '
Senator Sherman of Illinois, re
publican, announced today that he
would introduce tomorrow a reso
lution to declare vacant the office i
of president because of Mr. Wil
son's absence and proposing that
the president's powers and duties
should immediately devolve upon
the vice president.
which was made public today, leaves
the bulk of her fortune in trust for
her brother, Edward J. Baker of St.
Charles, 111., and her niece, Miss
Dellora Angell, of Lake Forest, 111.
The value of the estate was not dis
closed. Bequests amounting to $325,000
were made to five other relatives.
The Mary Gates hospital and the
Port Arthur college of Port Arthur,
Tex., were each bequeathed $10,000.
Complain of Treatment
of Overseas Men at Dodge j Recommend LaFollette
ut Moines, la., Dec. i. Lorn
plaint regarding treatment accord
ed overseas men at the Fort Des
Moines hospital are being investi
gated by the War department, at
the request of Gov. W. L. Harding
and Congressman Dowell, it was
learned here today. Congressman
Dowell requested the transfer ot
Major Frothingham, hospital com
mandant. The complaints have to
do principally with alleged disciplin
ary tactics employed at the hospi
Charges Be Dismissed
Washington, Dec. 2. A formal
report recommending dismissal of
proceedings involving disloyalty
charges against Senator LaFollette
of Wisconsin on account of his
speech before the Nonpartisan
league at St. Paul in September, 1917,
was presented to th senate today
by Senator Dillingham of, Vermo"t
(republican), acting for the majority
of the privileges and elections committee.
Washington, Dec. 2. Congress, in joint session today,
heard President Wilson announce formally his purpose to at
tend the peace conference and give his views on the part the
government should play in dealing with after-the-war prob
lems. Democrats of the house received the announcement with
cheers, in which some senators joined; the republicans were
silent almost throughout the address except when the presi
dent referred to the valor and efficiency of America's sol
diers and mentioned the names of Pershing and Sims.
Threatened interruptions by members who disapprove
of the trip and of the president's failure to include a senator
among the peace delegates, however, did not materialize.
SENATORS FEEL SNUBBED.
During the first hour of the new session, Senator Cum
mins of Iowa (republican), introduced a resolution to send a
committee of eight senators to Paris, to keep the senate ad
vised of the progress of the peace conference and in the house
Representative Rodenburg of Illinois (republican), had offer
ed a resolution proposing that the vice president take over the
executive functions upon the departure of Mr. Wilson from
the country. Senator Sherman of Illinois (republican), an
nounced later that he would submit tomorrow a resolution
similar to that of Representative RodenBurg except that it
would declare the office of president vacant.
GREAT CROWD HEARS TALK.
The president's annual address was read before a
crowd that filled floors and gallaries. He reviewed at length
the country's accomplishments in the war, paying tribute to
the armed forces and to loyal workers7 at home. Among
other things, he disclosed that he thinks the problem of re
adjustment is taking care of itself without government aid.
RAILROADSUP TO CONGRESS.
Much of the address was devoted to the railroad prob
lem, for which the president said he now had no solution to)
offer. He recommended careful study by congress, saying it
would be a disservice to the country and to the railroads to
permit a return to old conditions under private management
The president declared he stood ready to release the rail
roads from government control whenever a satisfactory plan
of readjustment could be worked out.
The president said he hoped to see a formal declaration
of peace by treaty "by the time spring has come.''
ENDORSES BIG NAVY.
The new three-year naval building program was en
dorsed because the president said it would be unwise to at
tempt to adjust the American program to a future world pol
icy as yet undetermined.
,Paying tribute to the people's conduct in war, he spbke
particularly of the work of women and '.again appealed for
woman suffrage by federal amendment.
' Declaring he had no "private thought or purpose" in go
ing to France, but that he regarded it as his highest duty, the
"It is now my duty to play my full part in making good
what they (America's soldiers) offered their life's blood to
obtain." - ,
Wants Food For Starving.
No definite program of recon
struction can be outlined now, Mr.
Wilson said. He expressed the hope
that' congress would not object to
conferring upon the War Trade
board or some other agency the
right of fixing export priorities to
assure shipment of food to starving
As 'to taxation the president in
dorsed the plan for levying $6,000,
000,000 in 1919, and for notifying
the public in advance that the 1920
levy will be $4,000,000,000.
The president concluded after
speaking 42 minutes, and left the
chamber amidst applause limited to
the democratic side. Interruptions
of the address for questions which
had been threatened by some repub
lican members of the house did not
No Debate on Message.
-There was no debate in either
house on the president's trip to
France. The only reference to it
in the house was made by. Represen
tative Mann of Illinois, the republi
can leader, after the president had
delivered his annual address at the
joint session in the house chamber.
"I am not objecting to the presi
dent going abroad,"' said the repub
lican leader, "but I think some wise
gentleman on the majority side of
the house ought to be able to in
form congress what course is to be
pursued when matters come before
us. Is there any way by which we
may make into laws anything put
through congress before the presi
Hear Story of Wilson Plans.
There was no reply to the ques
tion and after the unimportant bill
TEXT OF MESSAGE. .
Full text of President Wilson's
message on Page Nine.
then under discussion was passed
Representative Kitchin of North
Carolina, the democratic leader,
moved adjournment until tomorrow.
After the president spoke the
senate was in session only a short
while. At the opening of its ses
sion, however, Senator Sherman oi
Illinois asked that a newspaper arti
cle regarding plans for the personal
comfort of President Wilson and his
party on the trip abroad be read.
Senator Phelan of California ob
jected, but on a viva voce vote the
senate ordered the article read.
Reichstag to Meet.
Paris, Dec. 2. The German
Reighstag will be convoked shortly,
according to newspapers in south
Germany, says a Zurich dispatch to
Free Shoe Fund
To Buy Shoes
For Shoeless Children
There are kiddies in Omaha
who haven't been able to start to
school this year because they
didn't have suitable footwearfor
Spanish influenza is responsible
for this condition.
The supporting member of the
family has been ill and unable to
buy shoes for the children.
This condition has been revealed
by numerous requests from par
ents for shoes for their young
stersparents who have never
resorted to a charity before.
There has never been such a de
mand on The Bee shoe fund as
has developed this year. v '
Previously acknowledged ..$742.95 '
Isy Rosenthal 5.00
Dora Waterman, Hooper,
Neb................... 5.00 V
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