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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 4, 1918)
BITS, OF NEWS
ON SUGAR REMOVED.
Washington, Dec. 3. Restrictions
on the- purchase of sugar for con
sumption in homes and public eat
ing places were removed tonight
by the fod administration. In
crease in the supply of Louisiana
cane and western beet sugar and ex
pectation that the new Cuban crop
will begin to arrive soon permit
abandonment of the sugar ration
system, the administration said.
- Since the cessation of hostilities
the food administration has relaxed
existing rationing gradually, until
the ration had reached four pounds.
FOR 1919 WHEAT CROP.
Washington, Dec. 3. The guar
anteed price for the 1919 wheat fixed
at 2.26 a bushel, Chicago basis, will
stand even though the Lever act,
under which the. price was fixed,
should become inoperative through
conclusion of peace, in the opinion
of the food administration.
The administration tonight is
sued a statement interpreting the
Lever act and pointing out that the
law provides that "all rights or lia
bilities under this act arising before
its termination shall continue and
may be enforced in the same man
ner as if the act had not .termi
nated." Wheat growers in many parts of
the country, it was said, have be
come apprehensive that the guar
anteed price for the 1919 crop
might be rescinded through conclu
sion of peace.
FARMERS MAY MARKET
HOGS WHEN THEY PLEASE.
r Chicago, Dec. 3'. The permit sys
tem of hog shipments , from the
country to the loading markets will
be removed tomorrow night, it was
decided at a meeting of the pack
ers, producers, food administration
and stockyards men today. In re
moving the permits, farmers are
warned by the food administration
not to rush their hogs in at an ab
normal rate as it would defeat their
EVERYTHING THAT'S BEST IN THE GREAT AND GLORIOUS WEST THAT'S OMAHAV
The Omaha Daily, Bee
VnT. 48 NO 145 t,tw, ""''" " 2S.IMM.at
ju. io. yJ. i'io. 0Blhi p. o. ntt ut much a, i7
OMAHA, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 4, 1918.
B Mali (I mar). Dally. KM; Sanaa, I2.M:
Dally aa 8ua SS.SO; aattlaa Nik aottai antra.
THE WEATHER t
Thursday; . moderate
S m 41
. ra. 40
1 a. m 41
a. m 41
8 a. m 43 I
11 a. m 44
II m. 48
1 p. m,
t p. ni,
S p. m,
4 p. m,
5 p. m,
1 v. ni,
SOUSA'S GREAT NAVAL
BAND TO B,E DISBANDED.
Chicago., Dec. 3. The Great
Lakes naval training station band,
now the largest in the world, con
sisting of 1,700 pieces, will be dis
banded as the result of orders re
reived froai the bureau of naviga
tion at Washington, it was announ
ced today. The band, under direc
tion of Lieut. John Philip Sousa,
has appeared in all parts of the
country during Liberty loai cam
paigns to arouse patriotic sentiment.
Under the order a new band of 150
pieces will replace the present or
ganization. EX-EMPRESS SEEN
WALKING WITH SPOUSE.
Amerongen, Holland, Dec. 3.
The former German empress has
apparently almost recovered from'
her recent indisposition and is seen
! occasionally with, the former Ger
man emperdr " walking in the
grounds of the castle here. The
tx-empress, according 16 good au
thority, contributed largely to the
decision of her husband to sign his
act of abdication. Her confidential
informants gave a gloomy account
of the internal situation in Ger
many relative to the throne.
v Commissioners to
Go Over Books of
- Street Car Company
The city commissioners, held v
special session in the council cham
ber litesday evening, extending to
all citizens the privilege of entering
complaints against the "skip stop"
system or to hear any other com
plaiuts on the car service.
ATiout 100 citizens were present,
vthe larger portion representing the
West Leavenworth Booster club.
Their complaints directed at the
company was the skip stop, insuf
ficient cars, the near side stop, and
- other grievances. President Wat
tles of the company was present and
v said the "skip stop" was a , war
" measure, and the nearside stop an
order of the railway commission.
He made this statement, and then
repeated it: "If the people of Oma
ha will pay the company the money
they have put into it, plus the legal
rate of interest, they can deduct the
dividends and have the property."
A resolution to abolish the "skip
stop" order was defeated by the
commissioners five to one.
The commissioners then passed a
, resolution, appointing. Commission;
er Ure and City Attorney Lambert
to audit the books of the company
and investigate its financial condi
tions as regard the profits or losses
ot the past tour years.
SENT TO ARMISTICE
DELEGATES BY FOCH
Demand Made for Locomotives Which Have Not Been
Delivered as Agreed; Steps to Bring Ex-Kaiser to
Justice Await Wilson's Arrival; Solf's Ten
ure of Office Near End.
London, Dec. 3. It is, understood that the represen
tatives of the allies in conference at the foreign ministry
today were unanimously in favor ' of demanding that
Holland hand over to the allies the former German em
peror and former crown prince. No official report of
the conference was issued beyond a mere recital of the
names of those attending it and a statement to the effect
that Col. E. M. House of the American peace delegation
was prevented by illness from attending.
London, Dec. 3. Marshal Foch has sent a new ulti
matum to the German armistice delegates demanding that
Germany give up the rest of the locomotives agreed to, ac
cording to an Exchange Telegraph dispatch from Copen
hagen transmitting advices from Berlin.
Mathias Erzberger, leader of the German armistice
commission, protested that it was impossible and asked for a
respite. The ultimatum expired Monday forenoon, with what
result it has not been learned. T
A Reuter dispatch from Berlin
today confirms the delivery of the
ultimatum, the same limit of which
is 24 hours. It says Mathias Erz
berger (of the German armistice
commission), offered to deliver all
the locomotives as soon as they
were repaired. The German news
papers, adds the dispatch, point out
that there As no hope of prolonging
the armistice and that it is likely
the allies will occupy Germany.
Agree to Punishment
The British war cabinet and the
French and Italian representatives
in London are in agreement as to
the proposed punishment of Wil
liam Hohenzollern, the former Ger
man emperor, but have decided to
take no action until President Wil
son arrives in Europe, the Evening
New9 says it learns.
'The allies are not willing to allow
a technicality to prevent bringing
William Hohenzollern to trial. If
Holland refuses his extradition with
out the consent of Germany, the
newspaper adds, pressure will be
brought to secure consent.
The session of the inter-allied con
ference, assembled to discuss the
preliminaries of the peace confer
ence, were resumed in Downing
street this morning. A huge crowd
again assembled to greet the dele
gates, who were heartily cheered.
Marshal Foch, especially, was again
greeted with tremendous enthusiasm.
Before the inter-allied body began
its sessions an imperial council was
Demand Solf's Resignation.
Copenhagen, Dec. 3. It is an
nounced officially in Berlin that the
executive committee for Greater
Berlin has reached an understanding
with the Bavarian executive com
mittee to demand that the resigna
tion of Dr. Solf, the foreign secre
tary, be fulfilled immediately.
The committees will also demand
that Dr. Solf be replaced by a con
sistent opponent of the old system
and the war policy.
They will ask, also, that Mathias
Erzberger, who was a member of
the German armistice delegation, be
not permitted to participate in the
'Frederick W. Hohenzollern
Denies Having Renounced
Throne; Says Germany
Lost War in 1914.
Holland in Reprisal to Stop
All Exports into Germany
London, Dec. 3. The Dutch gov
ernment has decided to stop all ex
ports to Germany iii reprisal for the
stoppage of the export of German
coal into Holland, according to an
Exchange Telegraph dispatch from
Hun "Higher Ups" Blamed
For Terrorist ,0perati6ns
London, Dec. 3. (British Wireless Service) Condem
nation of the "terrorist" service organized by the Germans in
Switzerland is voicedjby the Frankfort Gazette in its issue of
'The trials in connection with the discovery of bombs at
Zurich,'' says this German newspaper, "have led to the dis
closure of a 'terrorist' service of the German general staff in
Switzerland. With the support of diplomatic and consular
couriers, explosives and bacilli cultures were supplied, espe
cially to Italian and French anarchists, in order that they
might practice sabotage in their countries and spread disease
among the army horses. -
"This terrorist service was not the mere work of subor
dinates. Quite definite accusations are made against even
the former imperial chancellor, Prince yon Buelow. Hitherto
in similar cases, the German public has been permitted to
learn only half the truth. Now, when the barriers have fallen
und speech is free, we can give. Switzerland the assurance
that this incendiary diplomacy is not countenanced in Ger
" many any more than it is in the countries that have to bear
its evil consequences." s I '
By Associated Press.
Oosterland, Holland, Dec. 3. "I
have not renounced anything and
I have not signed any document
Frederick William Hohenzollern.
who still claims the title oVcrown
prince of Germany, thus answered
the question of The Associated
Press in the course of a lengthy
conversation today, whirh took
place in the small cottage of the
village pastor on the island of Wie
ringen, where he is interned.
"Howeverl he continued, "should
the German government decide to
form a republic similar to the
United States, I shall be perfectly
content to return to Germany as a
simple citizen ready to do anything
to assist my country. I should even
be happy to work as a laborer in a
factory. . .
"At present everything appears
chaos in Germany, but I hope things
will right themselves."
Beaten in 1914.
Asked what in his opinion was
the turning point of the war, he
"I was convinced early in Octo
ber, 1914, that we had lost the war.
I considered our position hopeless
after the battle of the Marne, which
we would not have lost if the chiefs
of our general staff had not suffered
a case of nerves.
"I tried to persuade the general
staff to seek peace then, even at a
great sacrifice, going so far as to
give up Alsace-Lorraine. But I was
told to rhind my own business and
confine my activities to command
ing my armies. I have proof of
What finally brought about the
downfall of the German military
power, he declared, was revolution
induced by four years of hunger
among the civilians and the troops
in the rear, together with the over
whelming superiority in numbers
attained by the entente powers since
America's entry into the war which
had undermined the confidence of
the German fighting forces.
Odds Too Great
"My soldiers, whom I loved and
with whom I lived continuously,
and who, if I may say so, loved
me, fought with the utmost courage
to the end, even when the odds
were impossible to withstand " the
refugee prince went on. "They
had no rest, and sometimes an en
tire division numbered only 600
rifles. These were opposed by
fresh allied troops, among whom
(Cmitinm-d on Tage Two, Column Five.)
Syracuse Rules Out All
Red and Black Banners
Syracuse, N. Y Dec. 3.-The
common council last night adopted
an amendment to the city charter
prohibiting the display of red or
black flags at all public assemblies.
Violation is punishable by fine of
$100 or 10 days in jail or both.
St Louis, Dec. 3. Because of the
influenza epidemic, the annual con
vention of the Investment Bankers'
association of America, scheduled
to be held here, has been transferred
to Atlantic City, N. J., to be held
December 9, 10 and 11 inclusive, it
was announced tonight v
Battleship Pennsylvania to Escort Steamer
Carrying President Wilson to France
JCur" T" I . r nffirmiM n n r m . -ex
V S.S. PENNSYLVANIA. DURAI llsyo. Tt.r,usfxvKC.
Paris, Dec. 3. The fleet which will meet President Wilson on his way to Europe is being assembled at
the American naval bases at Brest, France, and Portland, England. The dreadnoughts in the fleet comprise
the largest ships on this side of the water, including the New York, the Oklahoma and the Nevada, under Ad
miral Rodgers. The destroyer contingent will number 24 vessels.
The fleet will proceed 1,500 miles out to sea, where the meeting with the steamship bearing the president,
with its escort, will take place. Admiral Mayo, on board the escorting battleship Pennsylvania, will then take
command of the combined fleet of 10 battleships and 28 destroyers, the latter including the four proceeding
with the Pennsylvania. A stop will be made at the Azores, principally to ensure a supply of oil for the
Col. E. M. House will go to Brest to greet the president on his arrival.
PRESIDENT BEGINS TRIP
TO LANDS ACROSS SEAS
No Announcement Made of Itinerary, But Transport
George Washington, With Peace Delegates Aboard,
Is Expected to Steam From JNew; York :
With Convoy Some Time Today.
Washington, Dec. 3. President Wilson began tonight
his trip to Europe to attend the peace conference.
The president left Washington on a special train for
New York, where tomorrow he and his party, which includes
Mrs. Wilson and her mother, Mrs. William H. Boiling, will
board the transport George Washington on which the voyage
across the Atlantic will be made.
No announcement was made as to
the president's itinerary, but it was
understood that the George Wash
ington would steam from New York
with its naval convoy sometime to
morrow, probably in the morning.
About seven days will be required
for the trip and the ship will dock
at a French port, presumably Brest.
Plans Six Weeks' Absence.
The president does not expect to
be abroad for more than six weeks,
which would give- him just a month
on European soil. Before the peace
conference meets he will confer
with Premier Lloyd George, of
Great Britain, Clemenceau of France
with King Albert of Belgium, to dis
cuss the salient points of the peace
While in Europe, Mr. Wilson
plans to visit England and Italy as
well as France, and he may go to
Brussels. He also is understood to
intend to make a pilgrimage to some
of the battlefields in France. Great
preparations have been made in
London, Paris and Rome for the
Joseph P. Tumulty, the presi
dent's secretary, accompanied Mr.
Wilson to New York, but will not
go abroad. He will return to Wash
ington to conduct the business of the
White House and will be the eyes
and ears of the president in ,this
country. Mr. Tumulty will be in
frequent communication with the
president by; cable 'and will keep
him fully advised of events at home.
President Wilson did not go to
the Union station until a short while
before the time for his train to de
part. As he and Mrs. Wilson entered
the station, the crowd there cheered
and soldiers and sailors who were
waiting for trains formed a human
lane through which the president
and Mrs. Wilson walked to the train
shed. j -
When some of the crowd wished
the president "good luck" and
"pleasant voyage," Mr. Wilson smil
ingly called back "Thank you."
Personnel of Party.
Just before the train pulled out of
the station, the personnel of the
party aboard was announced as fol
In the president's immediate
party: The president and Mrs. Wil
son, Rear Admiral Cary T. Grayson,
the president's physician, George
Creel; chairman of the committee on
public information; Gilbert T. Close,
confidential clerk to the president;
E. I. Hoover, head usher at the
White House and Miss Edith Ben
ham, secretary to Mrs. Wilson.
Others on the train were: The
secretary of state and Mrs. Lansing;
Secretary Baker, who was to leave
the party at Hoboken; John W.
Davis, ambassador to Great Britain
and Mrs. Davis: Henry White, a
and Orlando of Italy and probabfyJ mber 'of ' peace deiegation;
McAdoo' 8 Successor as
Secretary of Treasury
I Will Be Named Today
Washington, Dec. 3. Just be
fore President Wilson left Wash
ington tonight enroute to Europe
announcement was made that the
appointment ol a secretary of the
treasury to succeed William G.
McAdoo, will be made public to
morrow in New York. There was
no reference to a director general
of railroads and the inference was
that this official has. not been de
Mrs. Benson, wife of Rear Admiral
W. S.-Benson; Major and Mrs.
Scott; Lieutenant Commander
Hatch; Mr. Harris, Mr. McNeir, Mr.
Welch, Sidney Smith; the French
ambassador i and Mrs. Jusserand;
Count de Cellere, the Italian 'am
bassador and Countess De Cellere
and two children and Colonel R. H.
Jordan, of the general staff, trans
Only three of the five American
representatives to the peace con
ference as announced at the White
House last week will cross on the
former North German-Lloyd liner.
They are the president himself, Sec
retary of State Robert Lansing, and
Henry White,' former ambassador
to France and Italy. Col. E. H.
House and Gen. Tasker H. Bliss,
the other two members, are in"
France and will join the president
Rear Admiral H. S. Knapp and
Capt. William V. Pratt are accom
panying the-presidential party and
will report to Admiral Benson, naval
representative with Col. House on
the peace mission, as his assistants.
Admiral Knapp has been in com
mand of the naval forces in Haiti
and San Domingo and Captain Pratt,
who is assistant chief of naval opera
tions, has been acting head of the
bureau of operations during the
absence abroad of Admiral Benson.
Officers of Delegation.
Seretaries of the peace delegation
will be Josepji C. Drew, former sec
retary of embassy at Berlin, and
later charge at Vienna, and who now
(Continued on Page Two, Column Two.)
Nebraskan and Two I o wans
in List: of WarPrisoners
Washington, Dec. 3. A list of
prisoners made public tonight by
the War department gave the name
of Lt. Edwin F. Albertson, Hills
dale, N-J.. -at Rastattf and included
the following enlisted men:
At Camp Giessen, John W. Scott,
' At Camp Rastatt, Fred C. Jordan,
Bennington, Neb., and Elmer M.
Thorsheim, Thompson, la.
Mobilization Necessary to
Keep Down Labor Trou
bles, Ministry Explains;
Peru Takes No Steps.
Santiago, Chile, Dec. 3. The
United States, in agreement with
the Chilean government, it is per
sistently rumored here, will pro-i
pose to Peru and Bolivia that Chile
cede the province of Tacna toJPeru
and turn over the province or Arica
to Boliva, the latter republic deliver
ing to Chile a frontier province.
The mobilization of the Chilean
army, already begun in the northern
provinces has been ordered through
out the republic. The war ministry
explains that this,step was necessary
to keep down threatened labor
El Mercurio announces the classes
of 1917 and 1918 comprising 9,000
men, have been called to the colors.
Four hundred officers also have been
summoned for active duty.
Buenos Aires, Dec. 3. The Peru
vian legation here declared today
that Peru was not mobilizing its
army. The minister has beei in
formed by the foreign office that
Peru intends to take no military
step, despite Chilean mobilization.
Washington, Dec. 3. The Ameri
can government has made no sug
gestions whatever to Chile and Peru
as to the disposition of the disputed
provinces of Tacna and Arica. This
was announced officially tonight at
the State department.
AT 3 THIS MORNING
Declare Working Conditions Unjust and on Refusal of
Company to Recognize Union, Give Orders to.
Cease Work When Cars Are Taken . -to
Barn Early Today.
The executive committee of the carmen's union cf the
Omaha & Council Bluffs Street Railway employes decided a
a meeting late last night to order a strike, calling off all union
employes at 3:00 this morning. This, it was expected, would
tie up all street cars in the two cities pending settlement of
The employes gave out A lenghty statement setting forth
their grievences and stating that they are "suspending work
until such time as the company will sit down at a table with
us and discuss our grievences with us.''
J. W. McMillan of the executive committee said that the
strike would affect 900 men, or 95 per cent of the total
number of motormen and conductors employed by the com
pany. 1 ' Will Continue to Ooerate.
yVattle8 Says Never ,
Refused to TalkjOver
Conditions With Men
President G. W. Wattles of the
street railway company, ,when
told of the decision of the em
ployes gave out the following
"The company has never re
fused to meet and talk with the
men, and arrange to correct any
existing complaints that they may
have to make regarding hours of
service or runs or anything of the
kind. We have always had the
door open to our employes and
have never refused to make any
concessions that would make their
"But we have refused to enter in
to a contract -with their union,
and thereby place union men on
a different basis than non-Union'
men, and we told them that they
did not have to belong to the
union to hold their job.
"We do not propose to operate
under a union contract, favoring
the union men by putting them
on a different basis than the non
"We find agreements with the
union do not amount to anything.
We made an agreement with them
last June in writing to take our
troubles to the war labor board.
Both agreed to abide by their de
cision. We have kept our agree
ment and they have violated theirs
when they went on this strike."
President Wattles states that the
company will continue to operate
to the best of its ability.
Mayor Smith, who has been active
in trying to avert a strike and has
been active in arranging meetings
between the company officials una
employes, said last night that he
had no statement to give out at this
A meeting had been arranged for
10 o'clock Wednesday morning be
tween the officials and the company
Denmark is Not Able
to Give Much Food to
Huns, Reports Say
Washington, Dec. 3. Denmark
has made no arrangements to fur
nish large monthly shipments of
food to Germany, as reported re
cently by the Berlin correspondent
of the Berlingske Tidende, accord
ing to an official dispatch today to
the Danish legation from the for
eign office at Copenhagen. The
Tidende report said as a result of
negotiations between Denmark and
Germany the latter would receive
each month 75,000 tons of fats, 150,
000 tons of meat and 230,000 tons
This, the Copenhagen foreign
office cabled, was due to a misunderstanding.
WHAT LEADERS SAY.'
J. W. McMillan, chairman of
the Employes' Executive com
mittee, Carmen's union No. 807
"We have offered to meet the
company at any. hour, at any
time or place if theyVould only
sit dpwn at the table, and talk
-with us. We have been refused."
G. W. Wattles, president of the
Omaha and Council Bluffs Street
Railway company "We have al
ways had the door open to our
employes and have never refused
to make any concessions that
would make their work easier.
"But we refuse to enter irlto a
contract with their union and
thereby place union men on a
different basis than non-union
men." . ;
Mayor Ed P. SmithVl have
Nothing to say tonight."
and the employes say in their state
ment that "they will be there."
The principal grievance set forth
by the employes in their statement
is the refusal of the company to
sign is "closed shop" agreement,
thereby agreeing to employ only
union men.' j
Attitude of Company.
President Wattles, when told thjt
a strike had been declared, said that
the company refused' to sign to
agreement placing union men on a
different basis than non-union men;
and that the company rrad been will
ing to meet with the men at any and
all times. "
Position of Carmen.
J. H. McMillan, member of the
cal carmen s executive committee,
ave out tne tollowing statement
at 11 o'clock last night representing
the position of the men in striking:
The following statement was dic
tated by the executive committee of
(Continued on rate Two, Column TbrM.)
Wilson's Duty at Peace Meeting to Stand
By Our-Allies, Not Act as Umpire, Says T. R.
&ew York, Dec. 3. Asserting
that the United States had not done
nearly as much as the British navy
and the British, French and Italian
armies to'' bring about downfall of
Germany, Theodore Roosevelt de
clared in a statement here tonight
that it is "our business to stand by
our allies at the peace conference."
He declared it "sheer nonsense"
to say the American army was fight
ing for President Wilson's famous
''fourteen points." He made the as
sertion that "there was not one
American soldier in every thousand
who ever heard of them'"
"The British empire imperatively
needs the greatest navy in the world
and this we should instantly con
cede," said the colonel. "Our need
for a great navy comes next to hers
and we should have the second navy
in the world. Similiarly France
needs greater military strength than
we do. but we should have all our
young men trained to arms, on the
genera! lines of the Swiss system.
Must Support British Navy.
"The 'freedom of the seas' is a
phrase that may mean anything or
nothing. If it is to be interpreted
as Germany interprets it, it is
thoroughly mischievous. There must
be no interpretation of the phrase
that would prevent the English
navy in the event of any future war
from repeating the tremendous serv
ice it has rendered in this war.
"The British must of course keep
the colonies they have conquered.
"As for this nation, it must keep
its absolute economic independence
and raise or lower its economic bar
riers as its interests demand, for we
have to look after the welfare of our
own workig man. We must insist
on the preservation of the Monroe
doctrine. We must keep the right to
close the Panama canal to our en
emies in wartime and we must not
undertake to interfere in European,
Asiatic or African matters, with
which we ought to have properly no
Wilson's Points Rejected.
Declaring that "President Wilson
has not given the slightest explana
tion of what his views are or why
he is going abroad," the colonel as
serted "he is himself responsible for
any division among the American
people as regards the peace confer
ence at this time."
"He has never permitted the
American people to pass on his
peace proposals, nor has he ever
made those proposals- clear and
straightforward. As for the 14
points, so far as the American people
have expressed any opinion upon
them, it was on November 5, when
they rejected them," he continued,
adding that "the-American army was
fighting to smash ' Germany" and
"the American people wanted Ger
many smashed." '
"The allies have never accepted
the fourteen points," he continued,
"the United Statej has never ac
cepted them. Germany and Austria
enthusiastically accepted them.
Here certain individuals, including
President Wilson, Mr. Hearst, Mr.
Viereck, and, as I understand it, a
number of prq-Germans and pacifists
and international socialists have ac
cepted them, but neither the Ameri
can people nor the American con
gress has accepted them."
The colonel declared that "Mr.
Wilson himself has rejected at least
one of the 14 outright and has inter,
preted another in the directly oppo
site sense to its plain and obvious
meaning" and added that "some-of
the. 14 points are thoroughly mis
chievous under any interpretation,"
and most of the others are vague and
"Inasmuch as Mr. Wilson is going
over, it is earnestly to be hoped that
it is his business not to try and be
an umpire between our allies and
our enemies, but to act loyally as
one of the allies," said the colonel.
"We have not suffered anything like
as much and we have not rendered
as much service as the leading allies.
It is the British navy and the'
French, British and Italian armies
that have done the most to bring
about the downfall of Germany and
therefore, the safety of the United
States. It is our business to'stao4
by our allies.'
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