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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 18, 1918)
VOL. XLVII. NO. 184.
OMAHA. FRIDAY MORNING, . JANUARY 18, 1918. FOURTEEN PAGES.
On Train, tt HoUlt.
Niwi Standi, tit., t.
SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS
Stamp Out the War
War Savings Stamps
a ' .. '. riOk .... . .
DESPOT SENATE FIRE
- : ; 0
'GIVE US CARS AND WE WILL GIVE YOU THE COAL,"
DECLARES HEAD OF INI NATIONAL UNION OF
MINERS;' INCREASE OUTPUT 300,000,000 TONS
Men Who Dig the Coal Interested in Fuel Administration
Order Shutting Down All Industry in the East;
Promise Reef if Given Railroad
Indianapolis, Ind., Jan. 17. Delegates attending the coal
miners' convention here read with great interest today the an-
nouncement shutting down industries for five days because of
the coal shortage.
International President Frank J. Hayes was shown dis
patches from the east suggesting an increase in production.
He said the men have done all that is possible to increase
the output under present railroad conditions.
"Give us the cars and we will give you the coal," Mr.
Hayes said. "The present number of mine workers in the
country, working eight hours every day, can increase the pro
duction 300,000,000 tons a year if given the facilities.
"We have complaints from miners who say that they are
wot working full time."
The convention today proceeded with the consideration of
resolutions. The convention reaffirmed its stand against the
employment of private guards by corporations and the importa
tion of strikebreakers.
KAISER READY TO HURL VAST
ARMY AT WESTERN FRONT IN
FINAL DESPERATE ATTACK
Crown Council Meetings at Berlin Plan Big Offensive
Against Allied Forces; Germans Bring 1,000,000
Men from Russia; Ultimatum to Roumania
While German newspapers report a resumption of the
peace negotiations at Brest-Litoysk, official confirmation is
lacking. The result of the conferences in Berlin also is uncer
tain. f .:.) ! ' , ;
Both militarist and nonmilitarist
newspapers in Germany claim vic
tory for their respective groups and
nothing official probably will be forth
coming until Imperial Chancellor von
Herding makes his statement before
the Reichstag mairfcommittee on Fri
day. It is assumed in London that the
hurried meetings' of military and po
litical leaders in Berlin did not result
. in any definite change of peace policy.
' In some quarters in" Germany, it is
"fflieved, the crown councils had more
to do with plans for military opera
tions of the western front. German
newspapers have heralded a strong
attack on this front and it has been
declared that the Germans had
brought more than" 1,000,000 men to
France from the eastern front.
Russ Assembly to Meet.
In Russia the Bolshevik govern
ment is faced ,witlv the meeting of the
constitnent assembly, on Friday and
, with the carrying out of a threat of
war made against Roumania, should
the Bolshevik ultimatum not be an
swered satisfactorily. ,
Fremier Lenine has demanded that
the Roumanians release . Bolshevik
soldiers now under arrest with the al-
lArrtnttvn rf a rnntnri nf relrttinn rm1
' military measures by. the Lolsheviki.
- i.uuinaii ia to itLii t uuui n m vv 111 vii
i'to make a satisfactory reply.
Opening of the constiturnt assem
bly has been put off from time to
time by the Bolsheviki since the elec
tions resulted unfavorably to the Le
nine government. Control of the as
sembly is in the hands of the social
revolutionists, whose leader an
nounces that the assembly, if con
vened, will appeal for an inter-allied
conference to discuss an immediate
democratic peace on the basis of the
statements of President Wilson and
Premier Lloyd Ceorge.
For Nebraska Fair; coklor.
TfinprraturM at Cmnha yesterday.
& a. m i'.
6a. ra. .
7 a. m..
8 a. m..
9 a. m..
10 a. m..
11 a. m..
1 p. m . .
2 p. m. .
3 p. m . .
4 p. m . .
5 p. in . .13
- 6 p. m 2
7 p. m 10
8 p. m
Comparative Loral 'Orord.
1918. 1917. 1916. 119.
Highest yesterday 15 28 Si 2ii
lowot yesterday t 11 2 5
Mean temperature T .00 T .00
Temperature and precipitation departure
from the normal:
JSormal temperature zt
deficiency for the day . . ., 8
Total deficiency since March 1 119
Normal precipitation , ,02 Inch
deficiency for the day 03 Inch
Total rainfall since March 1.. ... .2211 laches
Deficiency since March 1 -7.54inche
leflciency for cor. period, 1916. .12.83 inches
iMficlency for cor. period, 1915.. 1.73 inch?.
Reports From Station at 7 P. M.
JBtHtion and State Tmp. Hl(th- Rain-
'vof Weather. 7 p.m. est. fall.
faeyenne, clear ?...20 S4 .()
Tttvenport. clear 2 . 8 t
. indicates below xero.
- L. A. WELSH, lleteorlogiet.
RAIL HEADS SAY
DRAFT MOVE HAS
Officials Declare Transfer of
Machinists to Eastern Lines
Would Cripple Roads in
Omaha railroad officials admit
that, should Director General Mc
Adoo decide to draft some of their
machinists, shop men and skilled me
chanics and send them to the eastern
lines to aid in putting the motive
power there in running order, they
would have to submit.
TLey say, however, that a move of
this kind would seriously cripple the
roads of the central west and cut
down their efficiency to an :.larming
President Calvin of the Union Pa
cific asserts that while the equipment
of the company is maintained in as
good condition as ciicumstances will
permit, there is as hortage of men in
most of the shops along the-line of
General Manager Walters of the
Northwestern lines west of the Mis
souri river asserts that at all of the
company shops of the territory oyer
which he has jurisdiction, everything
is being run short-handed and that it
is impossible to hire skilled mechan
ics, simply because they are not avail
able. In the Burlington shops at Have
lock, the company's big plant west of
the Missouri river, there is an acute
shortage of machinists of all classes
To relieve the situation women have
been put at work and they are now
employed and giving good satisfac
tion in several of the departments.
With referehce to the shortage of
skilled mechanics, what holds true
with the Burlington at Havelock is
also true in the Alliance shops.
Railroad men assert that their
greatest difficulty is in finding men
who can work on locomitives. As the
situation exists at this time, very often
after locomotives have come in off
their run and are in need of minor
repairs they have to be sent out with
out the repairs being made, simply be
cause the machinists to overhaul them
are not available.
Should any large number of ma
chinists or other skilled mechanics be
drafted from the shops of the western
roads local railroad officials say. the
situation in the central territory would
Swiss Recogni2e Finland.
Eerne, Switzerland, Jan. 17. The
Swiss government has acknowl
edged formally the sovereignty and
independence of Finland. j
Tightening Its Grip
THREE DEAD, SK SERIOUSLY
BURNED IN FARM HOUSE FIRE;
HEROIC MOTHER GIVES LIFE
1 " 11 ( 11 ' " i
Only Two Members of Polish Family of Eleven Living
Near Sargent, Neb., Escape; Mrs. Zulkoski Rushes
Into Blazing Home to Rescue Babies
Sargent, Neb., Jan. 17. (Special.) Three members of
the Zulkoski family, living: five miles west of this village, in
cluding Mrs. Zulkoski, who was about to become a mother,
were burned to death, one fatally burned and five others seri
ously, in a fire which' destroyed their little home before daylight.
flNI.V TWrt F.SPAPE. V
Only two members of the family of
11 escaped serious burns.
The fire was started by a defective
The tragedy occurred on one of the
coldest mornings of the year and the
members of the family who escaped
with their lives suffered terribly from
frozen fingers, ears, noses and feet.
AWAKENED BY, FLAMES.
Mr. and Mrs. Zulkoski were awak
ened by the intense heat and th
crackling of flames. Clad only in their
night clothes, they awakened as many
children as they could and escaped
from the burning heme, a one-story
frame building, into the bitter cold.
Mrs. Zu'kohk;, discovering that the
two younger children were still inside
the blazing house, rushed back in and
succeeded in resetting her 1-year-old
Mother Horribly Burned.
Mrs. Zuikoski, who was aout to be
come a mother, and ihe baby she res
(Continued on Tags Four, Column Five.)
Shades of J. James,
Capt. Kidd; Harken
To This Little Tale
Ever was the Kansas farmer a
thrifty gent. Harken to the testi
mony of A. J. Blakely, nowcomer
to Omaha, who is employed in the
city office of tha Consumers Refin
Blakely, accompanied by his wife,
came to Omaha from Los Angeles,
Cal. The train on which he traveled
was 31 hours late. Near Harring
ton, Kan., the train laid' over for
five hours before, it could push its
way thhrough the snow. The en
gine was low on fuel and little heat
was provided for . e cars.
A farmer living near the point
where the train was stalled sus
pected the condition of affairs. A
few moments later he passed
through the train with an armload
of hot bricks. He sold them at $1
a crack and the freezing passengers
gobbled them up like the proverbial
IN KIEL MUTINY
German Sailors Dissatisfied at
Result of Submarine Cam
paign; Number of Boats
London, Jan. 17. A mutiny among
submarine crews at the German naval
base at Kiel on January 7 is reported
in an Exchange Telegraph dispatch
from Geneva. Thirty-sir lit officers
are said to have been killed.
The Geneva dispatch quotes advices
received there from Basel giving tie
tails concerning the mutiny. It is
said to have been begun by submarine
crews and subsequently to have
spread to portions of the crews sta
tioned at Kiel.
Returning Boats Decrease.
Some of the men who joined in the
attack on the officers took part in the
earlier mutiny at Kiel, the dispatch
reports. It adds: .
"Although the mutiny was local, it
shows that German naval menare
dissatsfied. especially in the subma
rine service, as the number of boats
returning to German ports is decreas
ing every month."
U-Boat Sinks an
Entire Crew Saved
London, Jan. 17. The American
sailing vessel Monitor has been sunk
by a submarine near Fureteventura,
one of the Canary islands, a dis
patch from Las Palmas to the Wire
less Press reports.
The crew was saved.
GIANT FUEL MEASURE
nrnMijrri w w rrt nn fx r f
IN FACE OF PROTEST
Certain Industries Exempted When Restrictive Coal
Order Goes Into Actual Operation at Midnight
In Spite of Senate's Contrary Request
(By Associated Press.)
Washington, Jan. 1 7. Fuel Administrator Garfield's drastic orders restricting
the use of fuel effective at midnight tonight was promulgated shortly before
6 o'clock, within a few minutes after the senate had
ing that the order be postponed for five days.
Virtually no substantial changes were made in
industries specially designated will be exempted from the provision closing manu
facturing plants for five days beginning tomorrow and from the Monday holidays
during the next 1 0 weeks.
FAILS TO KILL
Hitchcock Resolution Request
ina Suspension of Drastic Law
Da.a!wa ftnlu Dnmlco7r -1
Receives Umy, ;IIU,
' -' (Bj AmoelaUd FraM.)' . '.
Washington, Jan. 17. The reso
lution of Senator Hitchcock request
ing Fuel Administrator Garfield to
suspend for five days his coal conser
vation orders closing industries east
of the Mississippi river was adopted
by the senate tonight. It does not re
quire house action.
The vote was 50 to 19.
It was stated unofficially at the fuel
administration offices that when the
senate clerk arrived with the Hitch
cock resolution he would be told that
the resolution would be given careful
consideration, but that the order al
ready was issued and would go into
Order Already Signed.
Although the order was made
public almost simultaneously with the
announcement of the vote in the sen
ate, it had been signed and prepared
for publication 20 minutes before.
The resolution adopted by the sen
ate, 50 to 19, follows:
"Resolved, That the fuel adminis
trator of the United States be and he
is hereby requested to delay for five
days the order suspending the opera
tion of industrial plants in portions
of the United States, in order that
protests may be heard, investigation
made and information presented."
Senate Supports Hitchcock.
The vote on the Hitchcock resolu
For the Resolution Democrats:
Bankhead, Beckham, Gerry, Gore,
Hitchcock, McKellar, Martin, Owen,
Pomerene, Reed, Saulsbury, Shields,
Smith, Georgia; Smith, Maryland;
Smith, South Carolina; Stone, Swan
son, Thomas, Tillman, Underwood,
Vardaman and Wolcott Total 22.
Republicans:, Brandegee, Calder,
Cummins, Curtis, Fernald, Freling
huysen, Gallinger, Hale, Harding,
Johnsonr California; Jones, Washing
ton; Kellogg, Knox, McCumber, Mc
Lean, McNary, Nelson, New, Norris,
Poindexter, Sherman, Smoot, Sterling,
Sutherland, Townsend, Wadsworth,
Watson and Weeks Total 28.
Total for the resolution, 50.
Against he Resolution Democrats
Ashurst, Chamberlain, Fletcher, Hard-
wick, Johnson, South Dakota; Jones,
New Mexico; Kirby, Lewis, Myers,
Phelan, Pittman, Ransdell, Robinson,
Shafroth, Sheppard and Simons-
Republicans: Borah, Gronna and
La Follette Total 3.
Total against the resolution, 19.
Order a "Calamity."
Senator Hitchcock introduced his
resolution after conferring with othe.
democratic leaders in the senate who
have apprehensions of the wisdom
and effect of the order.
Senator Hitchcock declared that th
coal order was an example of the lack
of co-ordination and that "reform in
our government is now run
"I think the best thing we could do
would be to. pass this resolujion and
debate it afterwards," said Senator
"I regard this order as a calamity,"
declared Senatot Pomerene, demo
crat. I feel there was n ) necessity
for it at the nresent time. When I
(Continued on Fuge Four, Column Four.)
PROVIDE ADEQUATE FUEL SUPPLY.
The text of the order follows: , . '
"United States fuel administration.
"Washington, D. C, Jan. 17, 1918.
"Regulation making provision for a more adequate sup
ply of fuel for railroads; domestic consumers, public utilities,
and other uses necessary to the national security. '
"The United States fuel administrator, acting, under the
authority of an executive order of the president of the United
States dated August 23, 1917 appointing said administrator,
in furtherance of the purposes of said order and of the pur
poses of the act of congress therein referred to, approved 10
August,' 1917, and finding it essential effectively to carry out
the. provisions of this act, to make provision for a more ade
quate supply of fuel for railroads, domestic consumevpublic
' Utilities and for other uses necessary lo the national security
f: . tot af the United States lierebv makes and nre. '
scribes the following: regulation: : 1
. GIVE PREFERENCE TO RAILROADS.
"Sectidn 1. " " ' '
"Until further order of the United State fuel administrator, all pef-
ton telling fuel in whatever capacity hall, in filling their contract op
order now on hand, give preference to necenary current requirement
oft Railroad, domestic contumen, hoipitali, charitable) institution,
'army and navy cantonment, public utilities, by-product coke plant up
plying gat for household ue, telephone and telegraph plant, shipping
for bunker purpotet, the United State for ttrictly governmental purpoie
(Not including factorie or plant working on contract for the United
State), manufacturer of perishable food or of food for necessary im
mediate consumption, and municipal, county or state government for"
necessary use. Any tonnage remaining after the foregoing preferred
shipments have been made, may be applied in filling any other .contracts '
STATE HEADS TO DIVERT FUEL. ;
Section 2: On the following day, namely Jany. 18, 19, 20, 21 ani '
22, 1918,. the state fuel administrators and their accredited representa
tive in the various communities in the territory in which this regulation
applies are hereby empowered and directed to divert such fuel as arrive-;
in such communities in carload lot to meet the current requirement and ;
to provide adequate and normal supply for such consumer of fuel a'
are specified in section 4 hereof.
"Section 3i "On the following day, namely Jany 18, 19, 20, 21,-'
22, 1918, and also, on each and every Monday beginning January 28,,
1918, and continuing up to and including March 23, 1918, no manufac.
turer or manufacturing plant hall burn fuel or us power derived from
fuel for any purpose with the following exception!
(A) - 'Plant which necessarily must bo continuously operated ven
day each week to avoid serious injury to the plant itself or it contents '
may use only such quantities of fuel a i necessary to prevent such in
jury to the plant or it contents; '
(B) Manufacturers or plant manufacturing perishable food or '
food for necessary immediate consumption; ,
SPECIAL CASES EXCEPTED.
(CJ Manufacturer of food not perishable and not necessary for
immediate consumption may burn fuel to the extent authorised by the
fuel administrator of the state in which such plant is located or by hi
duly authorized representative upon application by the United State food
(D) Plant necessary to the 'printing and publication of daily pa
per may burn fuel or use power derived therefrom as usual except that
on every Monday from January 21 to March 25, 1918, inclusive, they may "
burn fuel or use power derived therefrom only to such extent a i nec
essary to print and publish such edition a uch plant customarily print '
111 1 1 1 . - -. m t m . ...
ana puDiisn on legal nonaay oiner man me oaooaini or, ir ucn plant .
do not customarily print or publish any editions on such legal holidays,
they may burn fuel or use such power to uch extent a is necessary to '
issue one edition on the said Monday;
(E) Printing establishment may burn fuel on January 18, 19, 20,
21 and 22, 1918, to such extent a is necessary to issue current number
of magazine and other publication periodically issued;
, OFFICES AND STORES LIMITED.
"Section 4; On each Monday beginning January 21, 1918, and cbn
tinuing up to and including Monday, March 25, 1918, no fuel hall bi
burned (except to such extent a 1 essential to prevent injury to prop- '.
erty from freezing) for the purpose of supplying heat fort
(A) Any business or. professional office, except office used by the
United States, state, county or municipal government, transportation com :
panics, public utility companies, telephone or telegraph companies, banksr
trust companies, phytcian or dentist;
(B) Wholesale or retail stores, or anv other stores, business houses.
or business building whatever, except that for the purpose of selling food
.only, store may maintain necessary heat on any of the specified day ,
until 12 o'clock noon; and except that for the purpose of telling drug
and medical supplies only, store may maintain necessary beat through
out the day and evening;
BAN ON AMUSEMENT PLACES. .
(C) Theatre, moving picture house, bowling alleys, billiard rooms,
private or public dance halls, or any other place of public amusement.
"Section Vt On each Monday beginning Jan. 28, 1918, and continu-'
ing up to and including March 25, 1918, no fuel shall be burned for the. i
purpose of heating rooms in which intoxicating liquor ia told or served
on those day. , ,
Nothing in this regulation shall be construed to forbid the heating,',
of restaurants, hotels, or other places in which meal are served, but in"
which no intoxicating liquor is sold or served on the said Mondays.
"Section VI: . -'.
"No fuel shall be burned on any of the) Mondays specified in the '
foregoing section for the purpose of supplying power for the movement
of surface, elevated, subway or suburban cars or trains in excess of the
amount used on the Sunday previous thereto..
"Nothing in this regulation hall be construed to 'apply to or affect''
the operation of any mine or plant producing fuel, nor shall this regula
'Continued on ls
adopted a resolution ask
the order, though some war
Tour, Column Iwe.)
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