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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (May 31, 1917)
THE BEE: OMAHA, THURSDAY. MAY 31. 1917.
The Omaha Bee
DAILY (MORNINO-EVENING SUNDAY
FOUNDED BY EDWARD ROSEWATER
VICTOR ROSEWATER, EDITOR
THB BEE PUBUSHmq COMPANY. PROPRIETOR.
Entered at Omaha poa to fflca aa second das matter.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
Br Centar. , MrMtlL
Ollt end under PH nootta, 5o sarmr, RW
011 without Sunday.. 450 "100
treeing and SonUr " 40a M
tnoioc without Sunday Ho Z iM
und Bee oolr m $0 too
Brad notiee ef dunn of eddrtss or tmfnltrltr dsUwr to Outi
Rimtt hy drift tsiTCM or potJ order. On It l-mt sumps take tt
smnrmi of entll amounts. FsnooW check, except on Oaths too
lutn oxebuitt, mx seoepua.
0Kb-4M Bo Buttdtnf. Ctilcuo Ponplff't On flail dlfif.
South Odubo 911 N Bt iff ior xw rm At.
Omuwn Bluff-14 N. Mftia li . wote n Bi or u
LlBoota littlo BulMlng. ffuhlnitoa 7M Hth M.
IMroa onuisntrttiou raittim to news and aditoilil atttst M
Onuba Boo, fctttortal DwrtoMOt
56,260 Daily Sunday, 51,144
imn amlttMa fat tM moots, sstsortM ass MOT 10 br Dl
W.UUjm, Clicolttloa Manasae.
SnWorikara laavbf At dlr shimM km Tin Bm aulM
t tkaa. AUres chanix! m till s rawattd.
Get your little Liberty bond early.
Tht beroei of 181, though now few in num
ber, furnish the inspiration for the heroes of 1917.
Price boosters put out I line of excues built
fexpressily for the humorous department of funny
papers. ' ' "
The searchlight of publicity is still the best
preventive and detective of official graft and
The heavier the Liberty bond Issue Is over
subscribed, the deeper the impression it wilt make
"somewhere in Germany." '
The weatherman can turn off the rainspout as
toon as he wants to, the drouth being very gen
erally broken in these parts.
For little while Chadron will be a more im
portant place than it has been since the track was
built from Valentine to Bordeaux creek, -
King George's daily stunt as t royal gardener
affords a timely answer to the question: "What
shall we do with our Ak-Sar-Ben kings?"
Closing the money markets of America to for
eign bonds will not hurt our allies any so long as
Uncle Sam can loan them what they need.
Holland has been compelled to add "leather
cards" o the food cards, further illustrating the
advantage of living next to warring neighbors.
Among other old world problems advanced
toward solution by the war is that of relieving
congested" populationa of a troublesome surplus.
A pro-German critic finds fault with The Bee's
reference to the destruction of Belgium as "dia
bolical.". Presumably we should have called it
"angelic!" t '
V If all of our Nebraska members of congress
were to "shoot aa they vote" there would be
lot of cross-firing and also some guns hot shoot
ing at tll.
h ' it
If "Doc" Middleton, "Billy the Bear,! Frank
Grouard and one or two more of those boys
could only see Chadron today well, they'd miss
General Cadorna Is backing up his faith "with
dynamite, and ia moving the mountains between
his line, and Trieste much faster than the Aus
trians care to watch. .' . .,
; Top, grades of flour in the market place admit
t shrinkage of $3.80 a barrel from the top-notch
figure, but the dime loaf shows no visible sign
of swelling with pride. ",'.
Has, he become advance agent for the dairy
men, or doesn't he think the milkman knows
enough to advance price without a hint from the
, city inspection department?
A single car carried a load of lumber weighing
1 54,000 pounds from Idaho to southern Colorado.
This is' just mentioned because some folks are of
the opinion that 20,000 pounds should constitute
' What our' representatives at Washington are
doing to press Omaha's claims for an army train
ing camp is not evident, but it ia plain that the
champions of other cities are busily at work.
Omaha must not be caught asleep at the switch.
: Our Fighting Men ,.
Albert G. Winterhalter.
Rear Admiral Albert G. Winterhalter, lately
detached from the command of the Asiatic fleet,
has arrived in Washington to serve as a member
of the general naval board. Admiral Winterhalter
is GO years old and has served forty-three years
in the iiavy. twenty of them -at sea. . He reached
the grade of captain in 1909 and was promoted to
the grade of rear admiral in 1915. While in com
mand of the Asiatic fleet he held the rank of full
admiral. "Black Jack," as his men used to call
him. because of his heavv dark beard, is recoetv
izcd as a most efficient officer, and though a strict
disciplinarian, is popular with the commissioned
and enlisted personnel.
Edwin F. Glenn.
Colonel Edwin Forbes Glenn, U. S. A., com
mander of the great military training camp re
cently 'established at Fort Benjamin Harrison.
near Indianapolis, issone of the best known of
ficers of the United states army, and he has
fine record for efficiency. He is a native of
Greenboro, N. C. was graduated from the United
States 'Military, academy in 1877, and attained his
present rank in 1911. His entire service has been
with the mfantrv arm. Colonel Glenn is con.
sidered an authority on international law and has
written several text books dealing with that sub
ject In army circles he is known as a "driver"
as an officer of much push and energy.
David W. Taylor.' ' ' '
Naval Constructor David W. Taylor, U. S. N.
who haa been appointed a member of the new air.
craft production board, has for some years held
the post of chief constructor of the United States
navy. At home and abroad he ia recognised as
the leading designer ol the world for large high.
flowered vessels. When the investigation foi
owing the collision of the Olympic and the Brit
tsh cruiser Hawke was held some years ago he
was requested by the British admiralty to attend
as the leading expert of the world on matters re
latin g to certain phases of the investigation. Cap
tain Taylor was torn in Virginia in 1864 and at
the age of 21 he graduated from the Naval acad
emy with the highest record ever made there up
to mat time, j- ,
But Let Us Not Fool Ourselves. ; , .
With the rules and admonitions of the Com.
mittee on Public Information with reference to
printing items that may be useful to the enemy,
no patriotic newspaper will find serious fault,
for the rules laid down are in substance precisely
those every well-meaning editor would lay down
for himself. Oversights and mistakes of judg
ment may permit publication of information to
which exception will be taken, but with the arter
ies of news dissemination officially supervised and
censored such unintentional slips are not likely
to be numerous. There is, however, constantly
this danger: that the zeal of the censorship to
keep information away from the enemy may re
sult in keeping our own people in the dark and,
therefore, receptive to all sorts of insidious gossip
and false reports. We naturally expect to keep
ourselves fairly well posted as to the movements
and the strength and weakness of the enemy, and
it is no concession to the efficiency of the Ger
man secret service for us to proceed on the theory
that the Germans will keep themselves reasonably
well posted as to what is doing over here. The
prospect of fooling the Germans by news re
striction is smalt where the dangerous conse
quences of fooling ourselves are great.
Recasting th Revenue Bill.
The senate is making fairly rapid progress
with its big job of recasting the hastily formed
revenue law passed by the house. Very general
reductions so far announced may be taken as
presaging a determination on part of the senate to
lower considerably the amount that ts to be raised
immediately for war purposes. Several of the.
novel sources of revenue proposed in the house
measure have been abandoned, while old familiar
forms of taxation have been retained. The prin
ciple involved in taxation, that of seizing no more
of the income of the country than may be taken
without endangering extension of productive en
terprise, and to establish the balance between the
mount to.be immediately paid and that which is
to be set over for the future, is being more
scrupulously applied in the senate. The measure
is not yet sufficiently advanced to give an ac
curate idea of what levies finally will be made,
but the cut of $300,000,000 already announced is
likely to be increased. Until the bill emerges
from conference much of uncertainty must pre
vail, and business conditions necessarily will be
disturbed to that extent. Undue haste is not to
be desired when t great revenue measure ia being
framed, but the sooner the senate gets through
with its present job, the quicker the country can
get down to real work on its war basis,
Russia' Fair Promise to America.
Prof. Boris Bakhmetieff, new Russian am
bassador to the United States, herald his ap
proach with fair words from Tokio. It is easy
for us to comprehend that Rusiia's aim Is similar
to our own, the elevation of democracy and the
establishment of peace on the firm footing of
government by the people themselve. The ele
ment represented by Prof. Bakhmetieff, the
middle class of Russian society, i in full accord
with American thought along these lines. It
problem is not so much to convince Americans
as to hold the Russians in line. Assured of the
unrelenting hostility of the reactionary aristo
cracy, the new government has on the other hand
the greater work of restraining and directing the
masses into the orderly operations and activities
of their new life. Peasants and laborers, long
submerged in the hopeless darkness of despotic
oppression,' find the strong light of freedom too
much for their power of vision, and blindly go
about task to which they are unaccustomed and
for which in a great measure they are unfitted.
These must be brought to a development when
their strength may be intelligently directed for the
good of all. Statesmen In America fully appre
ciate the perplexities of the new regime in Russia,
and want to help in every way to bring about the
perfect fruition of the revolution. Fair promises
from the men at the head of the new government
are encouraging, 1 but trank dealing it also re'
quired, and mutual confidence will "bring general
New Fish For The Table
' BR Frederic J. Haskin
Washington, May 28. What a great many
different species of fish need worst is a live press
agent. The inland and coastal waters of the
United States contain countless millions of high
grade, finely flavored edible fish swimming
around waiting for a chance to play a star part
on me amner raDie ana Knock out tne props trom
under the high cost of living. They don t get a
chance because the consumer doesn't know them,
or haa wrong ideas about them. Fishermen throw
them back into the sea because there is no market
for them. The United States bureau of fisheries
has taken up the task of playing press agent for
these deserving but unknown denizens of the deep
and is bringing their virtues and possibilities to
popular attention. There are half a dozen kinds
of fish that the bureau is working on today that
you probably never heard of, but that you will
soon be eating and saving money by so doing.
The bureau of fisheries just showed what it
Could do in the case of the humble tile-fish. The
tile-fish was playing a very subordinate part in
the deep-sea chorus, living unknown to fame. The
bureau knew that it was a high-grade food fish,
and proceeded to bring the fact home to the
American public with as much emphasis as pos
sible. Last year over 10.000.000 oounds of tile
fish were eaten in this country, and this year there
win De even more, fresh trom this victory, the
bureau turns to take up the cases of the bowfin,
the burbot, the grayfish, the atkafish and the
sablcfish, incorrectly known as the black cod.
Readjusting th Army Unit,
Latest reports in regard to the formation ofJ
the new army indicate a reduction in the numeri
cal strength of the division, which Has come to
be accepted as the tacticat unit of an army, The
brigade is also to be reduced while the company
and battalion will be increased in size. These
changes will in tome ways increase the mobility
and will simplify the administrative work of hand
ling the men. The real unit of the American army
has always been the individual soldier. The
American soldier leads the world in point of in
itiative, of ability to take care of himself under
any circumstances, and to remain effectively in
action when his. officers are missing. This dis
tinguishing quality has long been recognized, with
the accompanying condition that its maintenance
calls for uncommon efficiency of the company
commanders, on whom falls the task of directing
the potential energy of the individual soldier.
More general officers will be needed und-r the
new plan, which will facilitate troop movements,
as it reduces the size of the bodies under com
mand of division and brigade officers, making the
unit for tactical, maninulation more flexible, and
responsive. Decided advantages wilt follow tni
arrangement, although these will be of a char
acter more appealing to the trained aoldier than
to the layman, who will concern himself chiefly
with results obtained.
, The order, just now Is interesting as a proof
that our general staff is ready to apply lessons
learned from the present war, and that when our
army does enter the conflict it will be on I basis
that has avoided all the early mistakes of the
other nations. .
Pancho Villa aa Unfinished Business.
Pancho Villa, energetic and irrespressible,-obtrudes
his unwelcome presence once rrtore, re
minder of the work left unfinished along thetMex-
lan border. Hit ability to remain in the field at
the head of a very formidable force of rebels; and
his success in arms sgainst the soldiers. of the
Carranza government, stand a menace to Ameri
cans within his reach. It is absurd that this na
tion, engaged in preparing for actively sharing in
the greatest of all wars, should find itself com'
pelted to use considerable part of its available
force to guard its citizens against the predatory
activity of a bandit belonging to a neighbor with
whom we are striving to maintain peace. - The im
potence of the Carranza administration ia mirii-
fest in this particular more than any other If the
new president is sincere in his professed desire for
friendly relations with the United States, he will
do what he can speedily to remove Villa from the
calendar of unfinished business, and write finis
r., 1,!. . ... - .
When you eat a smoked howfin some time in
the next year or two, you will not only be eating
a tasty and nutritious fish, but also a geological
survival. The bowfin is a sturdy and determined
apeciea that refused to die out with its contem
porary type some millions of years ago, back in
the good old days known to geologists as the
Mesozoic. Old species died and new species de
veloped, but the bowfin went on forever. It is
numerous today all through the Great Lakes re
gion and down the Mississippi valley from Min
nesota to Louisiana, swimming about as a sort
of surviving ancestor of the fishes around it. The
Duwun, variously Known as me grinaie. me iaKe
lawyer and the dogfish, is a eatnv. active fish, a
hard fighter and a clean feeder. Its flesh is rather
soft and very fine grained, and hence it is a bet
ter fish to smoke than to eat fresh. Smoked, it
has been pronounced delicious.' It has not been
marketed in commercial quantities up to now, but
there is no reason for this exceot groundless
Another and totally unrelated fish that the
bureau is bringing to the attention- of the public
is the rapacious sea fish, which has been officially
named the grayfish. The grayfish resembles the
well-known btuefish in its predatory habits, but
it is even more wicked and dangerous toward its
neighbors. It is a great nuisance to fishermen so
long as there is no market for it. Several million
pounds of grayfish are eaten annually in England.
As 1 result of the campaign to introduce it in
this country, however, the grayfish has practically
established itself in the last nine months. It can
now be secured in tins in thirty-one states and
the District of Columbia. The bureau of fisheries
permits the canners to state on the label that the
fish i recommended and the pack approved by
the United States,bureau of fisheries. In all such
cases the bureau has investigated and approved
the methods used.
Another fish In the same class is the Pacific
sablefish. long known as the black cod. Like the
dog-fish, which does not resemble a dog; like the
catfish, which ha little in common with the cat,
or the fish known as a "tobacco box" in Virginia
tidal waters, which cannot be regarded as a source
of plug-cut, the black cod has nothing in common
with the true cod. The bureau is trying to have
the name sablefish universally adopted, not only
in tne interests ot scientific accuracy, but also be
cause the name black cod would cause confusion
in marketing and would probably violate the mis
branding section of the. food and drug act, be
cause the fish might be mistaken for the true cod.
the sablefish is not at all inferior to the true
cod; it ia simply different The bureau calls it one
of the best and richest of American food fishes.
The sablefish has been utilized to a small extent
by a few people on the Pacific coast, but it is just
beginning to aooear in the markets on a commer
cial scale. It has a flat, flaky flesh with little bone,
which Inspires the department of home econo
mics in the University of Washington to such en
thusiasm that they declare it equally suitable for
the humblest home on account of its price and
for the millionaire's table. The sablefish runs
about fifteen pounds in weight, and ships well,
both frozen and fresh.
The sablefish was called a cod and wasn't a
cod. Another fish which the bureau is bringing
forward as a valuable food fish is a close relative
of the cod, and from its various names it has been
impossible to suspect the relationship. This fish
waa known as the lawyer, the eelpout, the ling,
the cusk and by various other unusual designa
tions. It was always regarded as destructive to
food fish and useless itself. Its real name is the
burbot; it is the only fresh-water member of the
cod family, and It makes excellent eating. It is
found in America all the way from the Arctic
circle down to the Ohio river, being particularly
plentiful in the Great Lakes and the larger lakes
of New York and New England. The burbot is
expected to come on the market as a fish that
combines good food qualities with low price..
Apparently every popular name for fish is a
misnomer. There is a fish plentiful on the coasts
of Alaska known aa the atka mackerel. The
bureau of fisheries patiently points out that it is
not a mackerel and nothing like a mackerel. But
it is an excellent food fish, and can be shipped
salted. Alaska canneries have been encouraged
to salt this fish, which will be known as the atka
fish, and it should make its appearance in Our
markets in the coming winter. '
The bureau ia following the same process in
popularizing these different fish that proved so
successful in the cases of the tile-fish and the
sea-mussel. Canners must be encouraged to de
velop proper methods of canning, and then the
public must be informed of the nature and value
of the fish in question. When this is done de
mand usually exceeds supply. . When all the fish
mentioned above have become established on our
market, they will add several' hundred million
pounds a yar to our food supply. ,;.
People and Events
. Good roads in Illinois halts while lawmakers
strive to cut a few slices of legislative "pork.". A
measure carrying a $60,000,000 bond issue is said
to be held up by a combine, which insists on get
ting good roads in their neighborhoods. No. .1
is the big figure on the legislative score board.
From janitor to bank president spans the
uplift of W. R. Sanford of Springfield, Mo, president-elect
of the Missouri Bankers' association.
Left fatherless at 14 in a family of eight children,
Sanford hustled a job, climbed the ladder as the
years sped and showed 'em he could "deliver the
goods'yn every task he tackled. , '
Though" owner of several,.' fvms jn Illinois
and an income of taxing e'ize; Timothy Enright
held hit pursestrings so tight that none of his
thirteen children would take him in as a regular
boarder without pay. The task fell to a Chicago
niece fdr twelve years, but the, too, waxed weary
of welt doing and invited Uncle Tim into court to
settle. a board hilt of $25,000. Tim. seems to
cherish the delusion that there a,re pockets in the.
shroud,; '. , . - ?
Three firebugs won a verdict of guilty in a
St. Louis court last week.; The trio-included
insurance talent, store owner and blaze-maker.
The prize was $35,000 insurance placed on the
goods ahortly before the fire, although -the top
valuation of the stock was $10,000. Owing to the
clumsy manner of pulling off the job the jobbers
couldn't connect with the insurance treasuries.
Instead, thev were pinched, but it took nineteen
months to start them on the road to tie pen.
Proverb for the Day.
Birth la much, breeding more.
One Year Ago Today in the War.
French gained ground at Dead Man
hill at Verdun.
England began sending heavy rein
forcement to the western front
Fleet of Germany and Great
Britain, off Jutland, engaged In the
greatest naval battle of modern history.
tn Omit ha Thlny Yeara Ago.
Captain W. J. Broatch, mayor of
Omaha, delivered the Memorial day
address pefore the Grand Army of the
Republic, while a special quartet com
posed of Messrs. Rlggs, Bingham, Wil
klns and Reed sang "The Soldier's
Farewell." Nearly 1,0(10 veterans'
graves were decorated.
. Th committee of experts to ex
amine the accounts of Secretary
Conoyer, of the Board of Education,
consisting of Messrs. Sudborough. Mc-
Kinzie and Gelatte. announced that
every account of Mr. Conoyer was In
first class condition and every sum
paid out was found backed by bills
and receipts. .
A movement Is on foot in this city
to raise funds for the purpose of erect
ing a monument over the grave of
General John O'Nell, whose remains
rest in Holy Sepulcher cemetery.
Archie Lewis, with Blake. Bruce &
Co., wholesale druggists, has returned
wnn Din bride trom Red Oak, la.
The directors of the Board of Trade
have met and appointed a commit
tee consisting of Max Meyer, P. B.
Iler and John Evans to decide as to
the best manner In which to open the
new board building.
Water Has been Introduced Into
Prospeot Hill cemetery, a number of
lot owners in the cemetery, under ths
leadership of Judge Baldwin, having
taken up a subscription to defray the
expenses of sams.
The civil engineers of Omaha gave a
complimentary banquet to George
Lederle on the occasion of his de
parture for Oregon. James W. way
acted as toastmaster and the follow
ing gentlemen responded to toasts: G.
B. Christie, Dr. Smith, Mr. Gunkls, Q,
W. Tlllson and William Cleburne.
This Day tn History.
U07 First colonists sailed from
17&Z John Brooks, governor of
Massachusetts for seven consecutive
terms, born at Medford, Mass. Died
there March 1, 1826.
lslt Cornerstone laid for the
Pennsylvania state capltol.
1821 Roman Catholle cathedral In
1841 Canton taken by the British.
and afterward ransomed for $6,000,-
1851 The colossal statue of Fred
erick th Great was unveiled In
1892 The price of corn In the Chi
cago Board of Trade dropped from II
a bushel to 49 cents.
1909 First memorial erected to the
troops of the regulr. army who fought
at Gettysburg unveiled by President
191" General Carranza, demanded
the withdrawal of the American
troops from Mexico.
The Day We Celebrate.
Walter Wills, real estater. was born
May 31, 1862 at Cornwall, England.
He came to this country In 1884 and
was for eight years accountant In the
county' treasurer's office.
Guy H. Pratt, commercial superin
tendent for the Nebraska Telephone
company, 1 just forty-two. He was
born in Lorraine, 111., and studied at
Chaddock college, dating his work as
a telephone man from 1895.
Duke of Devonshire, governor-gen-,
eral of Canada, born forty-nine years
Sir Francis Younghusband, cele
brated English soldier, explorer and
administrator, born fifty-four years
Dr. Charles G. Abbot, director of the
Smithsonian Aatro-Hysicaf Observa
tory, born at Wilton, N. H., forty-five
years ago today.
William K. Rockefeller, brother and
business partner of the "Oil King,"
born in Tioga county, New York, sev
enty-six years ago today.
Captain Constant Cordier, TJ. B. A.,
now the head of the military depart
ment of Harvard university, born in
Louisiana, thirty-nine years ago today.
Arthur W. Overmyer, representa
tive tn congress of th Thirteenth
Ohio district, born In Sandusky
county, Ohio, thirty-eight years ago
Timely Jottings and Reminders.
Stockholders of ths Chicago, Mil
waukee ft St. Paul Railway company
hold their annual meeting; today.
The duty of the aurgeon In th
present war will be dlacussed at the
annual meeting of the American Sur
gical association, opening today in
A national conference on com
munity music will open today at the
Hotel Astor, New York City, and con
tinue In session over tomorrow.
New Orleans haa planned for an
elaborate celebration today In honor
of the completion and opening of ths
Jefferson Highway, from New Or
leans to Winnipeg. .
Representatives of railroad and
publio service commissions - will be
heard by the Interstate - Commerce
commission at Washington today; In
opposition to th application of the
railroad for permtesion.- to make a
general advance In freight rates,
Storyeti of the Day. ; . -
A sarcastic lawyer during the trial
of a case made use of the expression,
"Cast not your pearls before swine."
A little later, when he arose to make
the argument the Judge facetiously re
marked, "Be careful, Mr. X., not to
cast your pearls before swine." "Don't
be alarmed, my lord, I am about to
address the Jury, not the court." was
th lawyer's "comeback." -r- Boston
Odd spd the en thy wny.
With dd8 ot ml km, in Freedom'.) fight,
Td hvi tha world today. -
Th hour of sleep and ilumbr deep
Ara paat; th day haa coma.
With alth and tnoana and dying aTroana
, Tha world la stricken dumb. t k
, , , v, -mi
All ii and frlendi, to make amende,
. Wa brim oar wealth untold.
'Tie our to chooee. and thine to : '
, There a naufht we would withhold.
Ftr T-tbarty, Fraternity.
And Juatlca to the weak.
For ntrhteoueneea, to wronra redress,
.-.We iiledge our lives to seek.
And Franca so fair and true.
We riaan thy hands; we love thy lands,
And Russia born anew.
Far Honor sake, the sword w take,
. At Ood'a and Freedom's call.
And aid by aide, whate'er betide,
Huocena shall oorae to all,
pmaha, . K. U HUMPH RET.
Thanks and a Boost.
Omaha, May 29. To th Editor of
The Bee: At this late day allow me
to thank you for running in The Bee
two weeks ago the picture of my two
small boys In the scout uniforms.
Everybody, I think, saw the picture,
for most every one of our friends and
acquaintances spoke about it to us;
and the ten or dozen copies of the pa
per which I mailed to friends in other
parts of the country brought re
sponses with a complimentary word.
The Bee Is certainly an excelienj ad
vertising medium, Judging from my
little experience in the reading col
umns of the paper.
Germany's National Hero.
Somewhere In Nebraska, May 26.
To the Editor of The Bee: The Ger
mans are almost universally indus
trious, thrifty, honest, law-abiding
and sober. As farmers their suc
cess is practically universal. Ger
mans, as a rule, are equally success
ful In whatsoever they undertake.
Their services to the union during
the slave-holders' rebellion can hardly
be praised too highly. It is not an
idle conjecture that the German ele
ment In the United States saved the
union. There were 177,000 native
Germans in the federal army and
Faust estimates 500,000 of German
extraction. Eighty-one of every 1.000
Germans In the United States were In
the federal army and only sixty-nine
of every 1,000 Americans were there.
There was a larger proportion of Ger
mans in the union army than of any
other race. The Germans of Missouri
kept that state in the union. This
alone may have turned the scale.
The Germans are the only farmers
who have entered into an alliance
whose avowed purpose is to perpet
uate the language, literature, cus
toms, traditions, history and ideals of
their quondam country. What are
these? We Judge a cult by Its
prophet, we Judge a nation by Its
hero. The national hero of Germany
is the man they call Herman the
name Herman was coined four or
five centuries after his death: It
means lord-man. Armlnius whose
Germanlo name 4s unknown Is the
Herman of his countrymen. Armin
ius, or Armin, was deified by his pa
gan countrymen, and the destruction
of his shrine was a part of the reform
of Carl the Great in his attempted
overthrow of paganism. The man Ar
mlnlus has been eulogized by histo
rians from Tacitus to Creasy. Henty
has entitled one of his medleys of
history and romance-: "The Young
uartnagenian." in this tale hs makes
Hannibal's cousin the remote lineal
ancestor of Armlnius, and pictures
th eternal hate of Rome entailed for
alx generations. Poets have sung the
praises of the liberator of Germany
until, in popular conception, Armln
ius nas Decome a pure ana disinter
ested patriot, who. like Moses, re.
Jected honor, wealth and ambition out
of unselfish love for his people. The
Germans have christened a national
fraternity, the Sons of Herman, for
this man. Near the town of Detmold,
proximate to the Teutoberg forest,
stands a statue to the memory of Ar
mlnius. A German family without
one Herman is an exception to the
This conception is as mythical as
Washington's cherry tree or Barbara
Freltohie'e heroism. Without arguing
the Importance of Armlnius as a
historical chajacter in which field
there Is room for discussion I will
say that from ths facts, related by
his friends th treason ot Armintus
Is not eclipsed by Flaviua Josephus,
George Monck or Benedict Arnold, or
even, if we subtract , the divine
oharacter of th. victlm-r-by Judas
Iscariot himself. Ipoor Arnold was
th only one of thes five who made
a failure. Had he succeeded Wash
ington would have been a factious
and unsuccessful rebel, and might
nave owed his life to the Intercession
of ths man whose name ia now. a
synonym for treason.
Armlnius was born in what Is now
West Prussia, 18 B. C. He went to
Rome, in his boyhood and waa edu
cated at the expense ot the state, was
made a Roman citizen, admitted to
the Order ot Equltes (knights) and
served in the Roman army, in which
he attained high rank, and was sec
ond In command at the tragic event
hereinafter related. He was always
loyal until Rome had a war with Ger
many. Armlnius accompanied Verus,
the Roman commander, to Germany.
Verus had been warned of the treach
ery of Armlnius, but refused to credit
his detractors. The traitor prepared
a German ambuscade, into which he
beguiled the Roman commanders
This man, who had taken the sac
ramentuin the oath of ths Roman
soldier directed end personally as
slated in the slaughter of his com
rades The survivors was sacrificed
at the shrine of the Teutonic god of
war. Armlnius wa afterwards !:'
by his own countrymen because 1ij
aspired as they thought to kingly
power. They knew him better than
we can know him. The ambitious man
may have aspired to found a univer
sal empire, whose sovereign he hoped
to be. The allotcd sum of human Ills
that remained to him h was 28 at
his death was longer by six years
than Alexander's. Had Armlnius
succeeded in his effort to nnlte Ger
many he would have anticipated Bis
marck by more than 1,800 years.
In the present war between United
States and Germany, what are we to
expect from a race in our midst whose
beau ideal, whose racial hero, la the
traitor of Teutoberg forent?
Rassd Roffr, Strang, hftw fw of our
youthful drr.nis rnm true, iln't It?
Frayed Phil -O. I flunno. I r number ho
I one. yearned to wear Ions panta. Now I
sueaa I wear 'em longer than any man la
th, country Bolton Tranicrlpt
Llttl. Helen Daddy. I hav, been playing
llko I waa mamma
Dad Ia that so'? What did you do,
Little Helen 1 bought you a sire preaent
and sad It charged to you. Indianapolis
"I underaland the woman's party In that
aaaorlatlon are going to run a dark bora
at ths elertlon tor. preeldent."
"Why don't they assert the supremacy of
their sax and run th, gray mare?" -Baltimore
Wtr-Don't you think a great big, tall,
married man ought to be taken Into th,
army Just the aaiue aa anybody else?
Hub Sly dear, hs oMy look, tall: aa
matter of fact, ba la probably abort.
m WSm RAMBUS -HOW
"Everybody la folnf In for vardeninr
'Dolnf your bit?"
"Yet, I'm Improving a few achers," tha
dentist replied. Louisville Courier Journal.
Victim What has happened? Where
Doctor You have been seriously injured
In a trolley accident. But. cheer up -you
. Victim How much? New York Times.
Jack I told your father that I would
five you every luxury.
Bess And what did he say?
Jack Said be would withdraw his money
from the bank where I work- Boston
Dasher What are the surgeon's terms for
Pugilist Five hundred dollara, win, loss
or draw. Life.
"There In something queer about Miss
gtarlelgh's acting as Lady Macbeth."
"She can murder sleep, hut she don't
know how to kill time." Baltimore Amer
ican. Willie Pop, what are ancestors?
Father Well, I'm one of yours and your
granddad Is another
Willie Oh, but why is It that folks brag
about, thpm? Everybody's Magazine.
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