Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, February 23, 1917, Page 2, Image 2

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Dr. Schurman Says Time Has
Not Come to Abandon Prece
dents of Washington.
Philadclpnia. Pa.. Feb. 22. Grottfc
Washington, aftrr a century and n
quarter, still remains thr pnlr star of
American foreign poliry, rleelared
Jacob Gould Srhurmait, president of
Cornell university, today in an ad
dr;ft, het'ore the University of Pettn
.ivania. which suspended its regular
academic functions for exercises in
.fir-oration of Washington's birth
day. Dr. Schurman recalled how Wash
ington attended commencement at
the University of Pennsylvania in
May. 1775 then known as the Col
lege: of Philadelphia in company
with the other members of the Sec
ond Continental congress. Toward
the conclusion of his address. Dr.
Schurman, after . having ' discussed
Washington's pre-eminence as a sol
dier and statesman, his Americanism
and his insistence on American rights,
"Washington described the policy
of his administration in a letter which
he wrote to Gouverneur Morris in
December, 1795. 'My policy.' he
says, 'has been, and will continue to
he, while .1 have the honor to remain
in the administration of the govern
ment, to be upon friendly terms with,
but independent of all the nations of
the earth; to share in the broils of
none; to fulfil our own engagements;
to supply the wants and be carriers
foe them all; being thoroughly con
vinced that it is our policy and inter
est to do so.'
From Hit Farewell Address.
" The same rule of conduct in re
gard to foreign nations he commends
as a permanent policy in the 'Fare
well Address.' Let us extend our
commercial relations with them, but
have as little political connection as
possible. Here is the classic passage:
" Europe has a set of primary in
terests, which to us have none, or :
very remote relation. Hence it imt
be engaged in frequent controversy- .
the ranees of which are essentially
foreign to our concerns. Hence, there
fore, it must be unwise in us to im
plicate ourselves by artificial ties in
the ordinary vicissitudes of its poli
tics or the ordinary combinations and
collisions of its friendships or enmi
ties. "'Our detached and distant situa
tion invites and enables us to pursue
a different course. '
'Why forego the advantages of so
peculiar a situation? Why quit our
own to stand upon foreign ground?
Why, by interweaving our destiny
with that of any part of Europe, en
tangle our peace and prosperity in the
toils of European ambition, rivalship,
interest, humor or caprice?
" ' 'Tis our true policy to steer clear
of permanent alliances with any por
tion of he foreign world.'
What the Passage Meant.
"This passage It not encouraging
to" the advoeatet of international or
ganizations to compel peace among
the nations. And if not by physical
compulsion, at any rate by the pres
sure of public opinion, we American!
should, and I think do, all devoutly
desire to see peace permanently et
tablished in the world. It mutt b
recognized that in the last half cen
tury the nations of the earth have
come into closer relations with one
another than ever before, that the
welfare of each it much more inti
mately bound up with the welfare of
all than in any preceding period ill
the History oi me worm ami iii imi
preservation of universal peace is a
matter of individual concern to each
member of the family of nations,
America, for instance, being pro
foundly affected and it may well be
endangered by wart in Europe, Asia
or Africa.
'This is a change brought about
by historical evolutions which, of
course, could not have been foreseen.
The tremendout problem created by
it hat not yet been solved. And
though 1 profoundly sympathize with
the object of the proposed leagues
and concerts to enforce or establish
universal peace,' I am unable to con
vince myself that any method hitherto
proposed of accomplishing that re
sult will be found either feasible in
itself or desirable for adoption by the
tailed States.-
One Plan Suggested.
"Perhaps some progress might be
made if we focused attention on the
fact that every nation besides being
exclusive sovereign over its own ter
ritory and territorial waters, has also
joint and equal authority with every
other nation on the high seas, which,
as, we say, are therefore free to all.
On that actual juridicial basis it seems
to me possible, and indeed, probable,
that ati international structure might
be reared for bringing together the
nations of the world and commission
ing those with navies jointly to main
tain the freedom of the seas and to
restrain and punish any; belligerent
who infringed on the rights of neu
trals or violated the established prin
ciples of maritime international law.
In other words, if you want to pre
vent wars, naval internationalism is
the most hopeful form of attacking
the problem, and that tor the reason
that every nation shares with all
others joint and equal sovereignty
over the high seas. '
I Emphasiaea Waahington't View.
''But this suggestion of international
naval co-operation fdY the mainte
nance of the freedom of the seas and
the integrity of the maritime law of
nations, to tar trotn disposing me
to criticise Washington's policy of
abstention from participation in Euro
pean politics, only strengthens and
confirms my approval and admiration
of it. It it ttill true that America
has no interest in the European bal
ance of power or no concern with
the dynastic, racial and religious
struggles, or with the territorial am
bitions and other rivalries which lead
foreign countries to attack one an
other. Europe hat a complex of po
litical interests which have only a re
mote relation to America. And it
would certainly be most unwise for
us gratuitously to implicate ourselves
in 'the ordinary combinations and
collisions of its friendships or enmi
ties.' Our geographical location, our
national interests, and our history and
traditions still admonish us to follow
the advice o Washington. Why, iq-
deed, should we today any more than
in Washington's time 'entangle our
peace and prosperity in the toils of
European ambition, rivalship, inter
est, humor or caprice?'"
Thomas Says Spirit of Two
Great Americans That of
France Fighting for
Paris. I'eb. 22. All the great de
partments of the French government
the war office, the foreign office
and the navyand the municipality
of Paris, were represented today in
the ceremonies at the foot of the
equestrian statue of Washington in
tiie Place d'lena. The statue was
.reeled in IWO by the women of
nicrica. Many hundreds of Parisians
.tml Americans watched the placing
of the wreaths. General Savetier laid
one at the foot of the statue for Gen
eral Lyautey the French minister of
war, and H. Cleveland Coxe placed
one for the Empire state society of
the Sons of the American Revolution.
One of the most beautiful wreaths
was that in behalf of the municipal
council of Paris.
French Minister Speakt.
Albert Thomas, minister of muni
tions, represented the French govern
ment. Standing upon the base of the
monument he recalled that the first
and only alliance made by the Amer
ican republic was with France and
traced the analogies of the two peo
ples and nations.
"One of the best evidences of the
community of thought and aspirations
of the two peoples," he said, "is the
tact tna; two Americana -Washington
and Lincoln expressed better than
ever hat been done before or since
exactly the principles for which
France it fighting today."
Referring to President Wilson's ad
dress to the senate and American ac
tion, he added:
"President Wilson, far from re
nouncing the Monroe doctrine, asks
that that doctrine be applied to the
entire world, that all people be free
to fix their own policies and to ar
range their own doctrines."
Referring to the American revolu
tion and the war of secession and
comparing these conflicts with the
present struggle in Europe, Minister
Thomas laid:
"The tenacity of Washington and
Lincoln find emulation in France to
day. Peoples like ours never tire
easily. All wars for liberty are long
and have always been waged to the
bitter end."
Ambassador Sharp'! Address.
William G. Sharp, the American
ambassador, spoke of the American
satisfaction "which mutt be brought
to ut all in participation in this cere
mony of our brothers under another
Hag, between whom and ourselves
from time immemorial there has been
a bond of sympathy and good fellow
ship which only a community of ideals
and aspirations could produce."
Mr. Sharp alluded to the deep ap
preciation of Americana for the "man
ifestation of noble sentiment that has
prompted the French government to
participate through its representatives
in this ceremony."
A detachment of thirty members of
the American field ambulance was
among those grouped around the
Fifth Naval Recruit Dies
Of Spinal Meningitis
Waukegan, III., Feb. 22.-Harry B.
Fallon, 19 years old, an apprentice
seaman at the naval training station
at Lake Bluff, near here, died yester
day of spinal meningitis, his death
being the fifth from that disease at
the station in recent weeks. He came
from Baltimore two days ago. It is
believed he had the disease before
coming to the naval station.
Officials at the station say that the
disease is well in hand and that there
is little danger of an epidemic. There
are eight patients now in the naval
T. Prevent Ortp.
Cold reus, arlp Lsxsttve Bromo
Qutnl removes reuse. There le only one
"DHOMO gi'ININK." E w. Groves stina
lure on box. tB. Arieertlsement.
Ttat person who bat taken ear
of hit haalth is raadr for Mid
weethef. Hi amttaa softly whan
Fabniary atoms in tn erder. H
hat safc-fuarted himself by keep
ing In good condition. Brown Park
Mineral Sprint Bath, an wonderful
a haalth bnudart, and the mineral
water to drink has helped many
a pereon to recover health.
Brown Park Mineral
Springs , A
ZSth and O Sts, South Side
PheM South art.
Oiteopathtc Fheeiclaa la Charga
f $-
V , -tUEC r
Taylor Trying to Tax All Prop
erty to Aid the Country
f Front it Htarl f'orr"Hioii'lf nl. )
Lincoln. Feb. 22. ( Special.) Both
of the big rural school bills were be
fore the house committee of the whole
today, but their consideration was not
completed and when the houses re
cesses at noon it was with the under-
tanding that the two measures would
ie taken up again at the next sitting
of the whole committee.
Amend Tax Levy Bill.
Mr. Taylor offered three amend
ments to his bill for a state tax levy
to support rural education in schoola
extending to or beyond the tenth
grade. They were all adopted. These
amendments are as follows:
I. Rcdui'lns Itin annual tux levy from 3
mills to J mill, and nrovtilli.x that none of
In. proceeds nhkll be available until the
Mohool year beginning July I, ISIS.
2. Defining ronNolldatftd rural erhools to
Include any erhools of two or more rooms,
with two or more teacher and carrying len
Mru'l.'x of Instruction, where they are maln
tulnrd ly Mingle districts; and denning aa
rnml school those maintained Jontly by
wo or more districts.
S. Providing that proceeds of tax levy
hall be distributed pro rata among all dis
tricts ellglblo to participate If the funds
raised In any one year are not aufflclent to
pay each one the full amount authorised
under the art.
Mr. Taylor spoke briefly on the gen
eral terms of the bill, making it clear
lhat the proposal is to tax every dol
lar's worth of property in the state
for the rural school fund. Of the 34,-
000 pupils attending high schools in
Nebraska, he estimated that 7.000 are
from rural districts. Single-room
country schools will not be entitled
to share in the benefits of the state
The Ollis bill for redistricting
counties to form larger rural districts
and levy a county tax up to 15 mills
on the property within those districts
tor the support of schools employing
more than one teacher, was explained
by its introducer, and some discussion
followed. Mr. Ollis asked that it be
laid over in order that an amendment
might be prepared specifically ex
empting property in cities of more
than 1.500 population from being as
sessed for this purpose.
.Several bills of minor import relat
ing to a ten-grade course in one-room
schools, all introduced by Mr. Reed,
were sent to third reading. One by
Mr. White, making a majority vote
sufficient to carry bonds in such dis
tricts, was advanced.
Still another bill, requiring eight
months' school, instead of seven in
districts having twenty to seventy-five
pupils, was sent to the third reading
calendar. It is a companion bill to
the main Ollis measure for redistrict
ing counties and levying county
school tax up to 15 mills, on rural
property for the benefit of rural
LOAD 8,000,000
ironllnued From Page One.)
000 bushels additional are in cars,
some of which should have been ship
ped three months ago.
May Have To Cloae Down.
He told reporters that food pro
duct factories in Chicago in many
cases are running only 25 per cent
of capacity, because they cannot ship
their products out and that one of the
biggest corn products factories in the
world may have to close down en
tirely if conditions are not remedied.
He said that although the elevators
have ceased to operate they bear, be
cause of the shortage of laboring men,
to lay off any hands, as they might
not be able to get them back again.
Thus their expenses remain at the
"The holding of grain and grain
products is what, largely, is sending
food prices soaring in the east and en
tailing demonstrations such as made
by women in New York City," Mr.
Griffin said.
Predict Higher Prices.
Chicago representatives of eastern
railroads admitted that the situation
was the worst in the country's history,
but declined to concur in Mr. unfhn s
prediction of yesterday that if a rem
edy is not found there will be rioting
and anarchy within thirty days. The
railroad men said that with improved
weather, preference in the shipment of
foodstuffs and other measures adopted
by the railroads, the situation should
cleared up rapidly.
Meanwhile food Pr'ces in Chicago
j Wardrobe Trunks i
J Art beyond Qutton tht aemc of
m trunk perfection and hv .very M.
turt known to trunk building, i
I $25 to $75 !
m "Omaha's Beet Baggage Builders" j
1803 Farnam St. Z
"Stop In any day i$d lot u oxam
bit jour tttth this it (rot itrvlet,
but nont tht Jtu important.'
Heavleet BrMg
Work, per team.
Bm sow ru-
WoaeW FletsaA
srertk (IS to tat,
$5, $8, $10
Beet tak
Wo ploaao yw or rtfuao fwm mmwj,
let ami Famaaa I lie F era sal St
Pkaae Deuglae 2872.
showed no sign of a decline. Whole
salers generally predicted still higher
prices before new crops are harvested.
Women Suffragists
Win in Two States,
Maine and Indiana
Indianapolis, Intl.. Feb. 22. The
Woman's suffrage bill passed in the
lower branch of the Indiana legisla
ture late today. It previously had
been passed by the senate and non
goes to Governor Goodrich. The bill
gives the woman the right to vote
for presidential electors and practi
cally all state officers, except governor
and secretary of state.
Augusta, Me.. Feb. 22 Woman suf
frage advocates in this slate today
won a fight of nearly forty ears for
submission of the suffrage question to
popular vote. The senate, acting in
concurrence with the house, passed
unanimously a resolution providing
for a special election September 1(1,
to act on the adoption of a consti
tutional amendment, granting suffrage
to women, Governor Milliken" an
nounced he would sign the measure
Maine is the second state in New
England to adopt a referendum on
the question. Massachusetts defeated
the proposal in 1915.
Too Many Teachers
Are Marrying in
Cornhusker State
Lincoln, Feb. 22. Leading school
executives and teachers of rural
achools of central and western states,
who began a conference here today,
were almost unanimous in deploring
the fact that trained teachers cannot
be kept in rural schools, in many in
stances longer than a year or two.
Higher salaries in other occupations
were given as one reason. The main
cause of the trouble, however, was
declared by the speakers at tonight's
meeting to be marriage. The educa
tors said they were not "urging a
change against mating, but what they
wished to impress upon the rural
teachers was to make tlifir profes
sional work the first consideration."
Dr. Francis O. Clark, dean of the
vocational school of Berea college, I
berea, Ky., told of the handicaps in
the mountain districts of Kentucky.
He said the people were eager for
education, but had their own ideas
of how to acquire it.
President t. A. butherland of the
Nashville (Tenn.) Agricultural insti
tute emphasized the need of education
that will hold boys and girls on the
Other speakers at todav's session
were: C. D. Steiner, head of agricul
tural educational department of the,
University of Utah, Salt Lake City;
S. T. Sherry of the government serv
ice, Winnebago, Neb.; J. A. Shoe
maker, director of rural education in
Kansas, and Mary C. Bradford, Den
ver, superintendent of Colorado
school. School officials and teachers
from fourteen central, southern and.
western states, are attending the con
Give your Want Ad a chance to
make good, Run it in The Bee.
Schmoller & Mueller
Studio Grand
The Artist's Delight
Length, 5-ft. 1-in.
From a standpoint of tone, qual
ity, action, reputation, durability,
case design and finish our
Appeals etrongly to cultured and
refined musical tastes.
Your old piano taken in exchange,
balance easy monthly or quarterly
payments, as you desire.
Schmoller & Mueller
Piano Co.
1311-13 St., Omits, Neb.
The 01de,t Piano House) in tha
Wait. Established 1859.
Th kind w recommend (or all pur
posM. Other dMltrt k you $&JLO
lor It W hvi you $1.00.
OUR PRICE, $7.50
ThU coal is sfMcially prepared.
Larfft alia. We save you $1.00.
OUR PRICE, $7.00
Others charga you 91.00 nara for
coal aol at good aa thU.
OUR PRICE, $6.50
Theae coal are tha beat that money
caa buy at the price ad aaeure you
genuine aaving. Wt kand-ecreem
oil ear coal.
TEL. POUG. 530
Passenger Ship from Liverpool
Brings Crews of Several
Ships Sunk by Subseas.
New York, Feb. 12. The Amer
ican line steamer Philadelphia, from
Liverpool, passed in at Sandy Hook
shortly before 1U o'clock this morning.
The Philadelphia, which sailed Feb
ruary 14, was the first American lin
er to leave Europe after Germany's
declaration of unrestricted subma
rine warfare. It was not armed. It
carried a large passenger list, of
whom many were Americans. Pas
sengers were obliged to sign waivers,
releasing the company from respon
sibility for any loss in event the ship
was sunk by a mine or submarine.
It has a general cargo and two tons
of dispatches from the American em
bassy in London for the State de
partment. Not a submarine was sighted dur
ing the Philadelphia's passage through
the German zone, the officers said.
Among the passengers "were fifteen
members of the crew of the American
steamship Housatonic, sunk by a'sub
marine off the Scilly islands; twenty
six of the crew of the British steam
ship Japanese Prince, torpedoed and
destroyed off the British coast; fif
teen of the crew of the former Amer
ican steamship Edwin L. Fisher, sold
to the French government, and three
of the crew of the American tugboat
Vigilant, abandoned at sea by some
of the sailors, but saved by the three
who arrived here today.
Two more American freight iteam
ships sailed from this port today,
bound for European points. They
were the oil tanker Communipaw and
the Pearl Shell, which carried a gen
eral cargo. Other sailings were the
Dutch steamer Beukelsdyk. for Rot
terdam, and Tonawanda, British, for
Liverpool, and the Salina, Norwegian,
for Bordeaux. Ships arriving from
war zone ports were two British
freighters, the African Prince, from
Cardiff, February 5, and the Norwe
gian, from Liverpool, February 7. ,
CHAIRS and a complete) Una of
Office Equipment.
Globe-Wernicke Co.
Steel and Wood Film.
Sanitary Office Desk, Solid
Oak, at low as $25.00.
We invite you
to see our line
Orchard & Wilhelm Co.
414-418-418 South 16th St.
Guess which hand, Eddie, and HI give you my last piece
of Adams Black Jack, that licorice gum. Look spry now.
Left right left? Right! You win. Here it is. Chew
it all up into a ball and keep it in your cheek all day.
The licorice. Ma says, will cure your cough.
State House Notes
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
Lincoln. Ffb. 22. (8petal. ) It haa been
dlnuovered that the laat asa1on ot th Ifgia
lature failed to provide the pure food rom
mlBulon with an appropriation for a aupply
or corset cover and dujt raps. Thlt haa
proven very emhaaelng to Chief Clerk H. V.
T ho ma, who In suppoaftd to be an expert
on every thine connected with the depart
ment. A letter to hint thli morning read:
"Kncioeed find draft for $4.17 for which
please send me two dunt cap and three
I ni rover, iz an. Mr. Thoman la in-
veetigatln tht- matter and will auk the fl-
nance, way and mean committee to aupply
i the Inexcusable deficiency.
I Prole) from mnall dealers in flour
i oiralnM the proposal of tlu1 Nebraska rail
j roads to increase the mlnmum rarload
I weight from 24.001 to 40,01(1 pounds, are
j beiflnnind to pour into the office of the Ne
I lrHfka Railway mml8ion by telegram and
I letter.
I N'ebranka millers and entailer dealers all
over the state are opposing the Increase, on
l he ground that tt amounts In effect to a
raise In rates.
A Cosfly Bath K. C. Chamberlin,
1811 Cass street, took a bath Wednes
day night. While he was sporting In
the tub a thief stole a gold wati h and
60 cents from Chamberlln's clothes,
which were lying in an adjacent room.
New Coat Arrivals
for Spring
$25 to $85
Hand Tailored by Men in Correct Styles
The brightness of Spring itself makes the high
fabric colorings of the present showings ap
propriate and are especially well adapted to
Coat Fashions. Whatever shade becomes Milady
that shade is fashionable for her to wear.
It Will Be a Pleasure to Have You View Them.
Apparel, Second Floor.
New Curtain Voiles j New Spring Aprons
;,'! Bordered Curtain Voiles, in a
j' large assortment of attractive de
jji signs and colors. 40 inches wide,
! 25c a yard.
Good Lisle Hose
, Black Lisle Hose, double soles,
j 29c a pair. .
i; Black Silk Lisle Hose, carter
: tops, double soles, 39c a pair.
House Adopts Measure, De
feating Attempt to Add Uni
versal Training Clause.
Washington, Feb. 22. The army
appropriation bill carrying about
$250,000,000, was passed by the housa
late today without a record vote. An
attempt to add universal training leg
islation was defeated by a point of
Rabbi Colin to Lerture Rabbi
Frederick Cohn will deliver the third
lecture of his course this evening at
Temple Israel, the subject of the.
course being "Four Centuries of
Protestantism." This lecture will deal
with the intellectual effects of tha
Reformation. The subject is "Science,
Evolution, Judaism."
A display of fresh new styles
! Friday. Attractive, practical, but
moderately priced.
25c and 50c
Cashmere Gloves for 1 Q
women, Friday e7 1