Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, January 03, 1915, NEWS SECTION, Image 1

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    The Omaha Sunday
VOL. XL1V NO. 20.
immigration Measure with Literacy
f ti : : m v a v
Fifty to Seven. j
Educational Qualification Waivyd
! in Case of Albert's People
Coming to Be Farmers.
Tote So Overwhelming that Wil-
ton's Veto Without Avail.
1boii ThMC Honse I,fkdra Bar
Probably Acceptable Oafi Re
lating to NrTrofn and
' WASHINGTON. Jan. 2.-Th Immlgrat-I
Inn Villi jnn(blnln? t . a rmt rir-t tvn lit-i
eracy test (or administration of aliens,
(Which has been the obitacle In lmmlgra
tlon reform legislation for the greater
art of two national administrations,
passed the senate late today by a vote
at 60 to 7. The overwhelming majority
jwaa recorded despite the fact that Presi
dent WUson had Indicated ho would veto
the measure, as did former President
Taft, if It should come to him with the
durational test Included.
I The vote In the senate indicated that
the bin could be re-passed by more than
the required two-thirds majority should
the president reject the measure.
Senators Vetlna No.
I Senators who voted against the bill
, Brand- fee. McCumber. Martlne, O'Oer
tnan, Randall, Reed and Walsh.
I The bill passed the house on February
i, last, by a vote of 241 to US.
Although the senate amended the house
bill In several particulars, - the Uteracy
test was unaltered, sava for an . addi
tional exemption to Belgian subjects,
which was adopted today after prolonged
debate. House leaders probably will ask
tor a conference on senate amendments
pn Monday, but administration leaders I
vera confident senate . amendments
Jwould be accepted and the bill . sent. to
the president by the middle of next week.
Among senate amendments which house
leaders have said probably would be ac
cepted is one to exclude from the United
Btatee sit persons of the African race or
f negro blood. Another strengthens the
Ehraseology of the prohibition of polyga
llsts. i .
I Vote On Bela-taa Motlosu
I Closing hours of the debate today were
devoted to an amendment by Senator
'tad? to exempt Belgian farmers from
.the literacy test and from the provision?
(Which prohibit Americans from soliciting
tor inducing Immigration. Already several
American organizations are endeavoring
to Indues Belgian refugees to settle In this
country. The amendment, as finally
adopted by a vote of 84 to 22, follows:
' "That tha provisions of the act relating
to the Illiteracy test or Induced or as
sisted Immigration shall not apply to egri
cultural Immigrants from Belgium who
Jcorae to the United State during the
course of the prevent European war or
"wlthln one year after its termination,
owing to circumstances or conditions aris
ing through the war, If it Is shown to the
satisfaction of the commissioner general
of Immigration that the said Belgian Im
migrants come with the Intention of en
gaging In agriculture In the United States
and to become American cltliena."
German Fiance of
TexasGirl Killed
' JOrUN, Mo., Jan. . Infoimatlon of
the death of Captain Ounther Welck
master of the German aviation corps, to
whom she was engaged, was received to
day by Miss Virginia Hurst of Ban An
tonio, Tex., an Instructor In a school
Jiere. Captain Welckmaeter was) killed
two weks ago with a noted aviator,
IVohlmellcr. while making a flight at
pclssons- Sur- Alsne. The Information
fame to Mies Hurst from the (Herman
government In a letter that contained an
run cross, bestowed upon Captain Weick
tnaster by the kaiser. Miss Hurst met
tho German aviator while In Bertln a
year ago. The declaration of war pre
sented their wedding.
NETE1.TVTLIjE, Mo.. Jan. 1-The Bank
,tof Neelyvllls was robbed of $4,000 today.
The robbers locked the cashier In the
.vault and escaped. When the bank failed
to open, at the usual hour, depositors dis
'covered the robbery and released ths
The Weather
Forecast UU 1 p. m. Saturday:
For Omaha. Council.Uluffs and Vicinity
r-Part l.udy.
Tesaoorntarc at Omaha Yesterday.
HrS. Ieg. J
'" j 6am T i pronaie nen
'Sty a. m.!"!!!!!.'!!!! liidica's wiil, in the gro
t 7 a . m..., 13 it the time of the
'. W S I "' T! ! tdfK Uinent. was not of
10 a! m. 15
11 a. m 1H
l i ru .
.. 23
.. W
.. U
.. 2
1 p. m
i P. m
3 p. m
4 p. m
V. ni
. p. m
7 p. rn
L.-al Rrrord,
Highest today St 34 3? 7
1oweat today 11 SI 2J 5
Mean temperature Si 21 27 I
Precipitation w .01 u) .
Teniperature and proc-4pitMtlon depar
tures from the noiimU.
Normal temperature Jl
Kxcess for the iliy O
Total excess rlnre Maror. 1 fM
Normal tirecipiiation Inch
1 il lencjr fur the da 01 Inrh
Total rainfa'l slnre Marrh 1. .S 1 Inches
lefetency rln Mareh 1 147 Inches
LMftcienry for ror. p. riixl, litis., i U litciias
XioXktancy Xur cor. period. 13a Inches
V - - V - U-ri - a
t L i J ' '
r. t IN i i 'osnt 'V
t - I t r i ti
: - J4TJ i,H -:1
. - - : - ,Mt( L.v -A,?"
: - . ' ; -1 1 ) . , , -
Midwest Dealers Start Annual Ex
hibition at the Auditorium
Tomorrow. '
Apparatoa for Mechanical Pa I II off
at Gang- Plows One- of the
' .Newest Ffstam to Do Pwt
Perhaps the finest Implement show
ever held In the central west will start
in the Auditorium Monday and lasting
until Friday evening, when the Mid-west
Implement Dealers' association holds
this exhibition In connection with Its an
nual convention here. The Implenmt
show hns been a feature of this conven
tion for a number of years, but kt Is
stated this year that booth space sold
more rapl II y and more readily for the
show than ever before.
Secretary James Wallace of Council
Bluffs has for sumo weeks announced
that space was becoming very limited,
and that those still desiring booths must
speak soon. Now that the show Is ready
to open, every bit of space Is taken, and
all is ready for the opening of the roost
complete show the organisation has yet
Tractors a Frature.
Farm tractors are to be on exhibit this
year in considerable number. These are
coming more and more into demand oa
the larger farms each year, and more
they are becoming a substantial feature
of all Implement shows. Especially Is
this true since the great tractor show at
Fremont for two years has been such a
signal success.
The show will begin a' day before the
convention actually opens snd will con
tinue a day after the convention proper
(Continued on Phk Five, Column Three.)
Nordica's Husband
Is Contesting Will
NKW YOK1C. Jan. t-George V. Young,
husband of the late Madame Nordlca,
was ordered today by Surrogate Fowler
to appear on January 15 for examination
as to what he may know concerning as
sets of her estate, alleged to be under
his control. The order requires Mr.
Young to surrender to Islie Jay Tomp
kins the temporary administration of the
estate In New York, all cash and stocks
and bonds of the estate that may be in
his possession. Mr. Young lives In New
Mr. Young Is rontevtlng the document
,-. f - T,,.,,V,M f hfr cm Miluma Vnr.
ground that his wife.
execution of the
....... j
not lapablc of making a will; also that
at the time his wife was a resident of
i New Jeisey, and for that reason the New
Vnrlf r..i;ra u r- ttllhr.nt i II 1 I,, m In
the matter.
Murders Girl and
Ends His Own Life
GEItDKP. 8. P., Jan. 2,-August Nelson
shot and killed Miss Mary Dndenbach
and then turned the gun on himself,
ending his own life, here last night. Nel
son had been ts girl's sweetheart for
several years, but recently ths girl re
jected him. Ist nlKht Nelson dvmanled
that the. girl marry him and when she
refused bs killed her.
The New Army
Kipling Visits the Canadian Camp and
Writes of a Colony Under Arms : :
Copyright,' 1914, by Rudyard Kipling.
' Fourth Article.
This particular fold of downs behind Salisbury might have been a hump
of prairie near Winnipeg. The team that came over the rise, widely
spaced between pole-bar and whlfflotroes, were certainly children of the
prairie. They shied at the car. Their driver asked them dlepaeaionately
what they thought they were doing, anyway. They put their wise heads
together, and did nothing at all. j
Yes. Oh, yen! said the driver. They were western horses. They j
weighed better than twelve hundred apiece. He, himself, was from Moose
Jaw way. The camp? Why, the camp was right ahead along up this road.
No chance to miss it, and, "Sa-ay! Look out for our lorries!"
A fleet of them hove In sight going at the rate of knots, and keeping
their left with a conscientiousness only learned when you come out of a
country where all the provinces (except Brltlnh Columbia) keep to the
right. Every line of them, from steering-wheel to brake-shoee, proclaimed
their nationality. Three perfectly efficient young men who were sprinkling
a golf green with sifted earth ceaeed their duties to stare at the line. The
riding boys (also efficient) on racehorses, their knees under their chins and
their saddles between the horses' ears, cantered past on the turf.
Hard oa "Private Gallops."
The rattle of the motors upset their catsmeat, so one could compare
their style of riding with that of an officer lor'ng along to overtake a string
of buck-wagons that were trotting towards the horizon. But the riding
boys have to endure hardship nowadays. One gentleman has already com
plained that his "private gallops" are being cut up by gun-wheels aad
"irremediably ruined."
Then more lorries, contractors' wagons, and Increasing vileness of the
battered roadbed, till one slid through a rude gate Into a new world, of
canvas as far as the eye could reach, and beyond that outlying clouds of
jtents. It is not a contingent that Canada has bent, but an army horse,
foot, guns, engineers, and all details, fully equipped. Taking that army's
strength at 33,000, and the Dominion's population at 8,000,090, the camp
Is Canada on the scale of 1 to 240 an entire nation unrolled across a few
square miles of turf and tents and huts. -
Life nowadays Is too full to fuss about Teuton opinion, but one almost
wished that some of those unhappy theorists could study at close hand a
"colony" yearning to shake off the British yoke. For, beyond question,
they yearned the rank and file unreservedly, the officers with more re
straint, but equal fervor, and the things they said about the yoke were sim
ply 'lamentable.-
From Nova Scotia to Victoria, and every city, township, distributing
center and divisional point between; from sub-tropical White river and sul
try Jackflsh to the ultimate north that lies up beside Alaska; from Koote
nay and Nelson of the fruit farms to Prince Edward island, where motors
are not allowed; they yearned to shake It off, with the dust of England,
from their feet, "at once and some time before that."
One IVophecjr That Failed.
I had been warned by an eminent German that when Armageddon came
the "colonies" would "revolt against the mother country es one man," but
I had no notion 1 should ever see the dread spectacle with my own eyes or
the "one man" so ta'.I.
Joking apart, the Canadian army wants to get to work. It admits that
London is "some city," but says it did not take the trip to visit London
only. Armageddon, that so many people in Europe knew was bound to
come, has struck Canada out of the blue, like a noonday murder In a small
town. How will they feel when they actually view some of the destruction
In France, these men who are used to marlng and owning their homes T
And what effect will It have ou their land's outtook and development for
the next few generations? Older countries may possibly slip back Into
some sort of toleration. New peoples in their first serious war, like girls
In their first real love affair, neither forget nor forgive. Cermany, it
would seem, has forgotten to keep friends with the young.
And such young! They ran inches above all normal standards, not In
a few companies or battalions, but through the whole corps; and it was not
easy to pick out foolish or even dull fa:es among them. Details going about
their business through the camp's much mud; defaulters on fatigue; order
lies, foot and mounted; the procession of lorry drivers; companies faring
(Continued on Page
Typical Dutch children in the
little town of Hardewijk, where the
internment camp fs located for
troopers who fled across the Belgium-Holland
Ten, Column Two.)
Anothtv Cutter from British Battle
ship Formidable, Sunk in Chan
nel, Reaches Shore.
V.hen Eoat Leaves Wrecked Mun-o'-War
It Fes About Sixty
Sailors Aboard.
Jfany of Vessel s Crnft Launched to
Pick Up Survivors Swamped.
All "rnntllr la, nntl Buffer Ter
ribly In Twenty I loom' tflont
Captnln on n.rltlr nt
fatal Mottieiit.
l.ONTtON, Jun. . Another entter from
the itrltlsh battleship Korn'rtrjl.le. which
was stink In the English rhannel yester
day, has rrai'hml I. .vine-Iter. in. Irwt
shlre. with fifty men. bringing the total
of savml up to 2ft men.
When tho cutter left the Formidable It
hsd sixty or more men aboitrd. but all
hut fifty succumbed to exposure, havlna
been in an oven hont for some twenty
hours In a violent storm.
ame tlnatn Wmaninad.
Albert Edward Cooper, master-at-arms,
one of tho survivors landed at l.yme
Rcgls, said tho exploninn occurred be
tween 1:JI and 2:30 o'clock In the morning.
When he reached the deck the ship had
begun to scttlo on the stai hoard side.
Boats were launched and remained near
the ship to pick up survivors, but some of
the bonis, which stood about twenty
yarns , were swamped by wreckage.
Tho moi were scantily clad and Buffi-red
from the cold during the twenty
hours occupind In reaching shore.
Die In Voat.
Some died during the day and were
panned overboard. On ths arrival of the
cutter at Lymc-ReRls at 11 o'clock last
night six more were found dead in the
bottom of the boat.
A policeman on duty heard crlea for
help and, going to the beach, found the
cutter with the men, none of whom
could land without assistance. Borne of
them were so exhausted that artificial
respiration had to be resorted to.
A terrlflo southeast gale was blowing
all tho time, and, although the men took
turns at the oars. It was Impossible for
them to keep warm.
Canenis) oa Brlilsjfs
B KUCHA M, Jan. t-(Vla London.)
8urvivor of the British : battleship
Formidable, which went down in the
lEagllsb channel yesterday, after having
struck a mine eg been torpedoed by a
German ssbraatiae, have been , brought
ashore hers.
They relate that the warship was struck
baft the raagaaiao. Thi explosion was
terrlflo, bat the mescslae was not
reached. Had this also blown up the ship
would have foundered without there be
ing time to savo anybody.
Harry to Demlc
As the water rushed In, tho men on the
Fonnldabla hurried to tho dock. They
found that the vessel already had a
heavy list to starboard. Tlw. small boats
were sent out. 'A 'cutter foundered In
getting away and ths men In it were
drowned. A launch and a pinnace suc
ceeded In getting away. Almost all the
oars were broken In trying to prevent
ths a mail boats from being- dashed to
pieces against tho side of tho ship by
the tremendous seas running.
Captain Loxley1 and hl3 signal man were
still on the bridge when the battleship
keeled over and went to tho mottom,
Mlae Probable Caue.
BERLIN, Jan. l-by Wireless to Pay-
rille, I I.) The news of the sinking of
tha British battleship Formidable In the
English channel yesterday reached Berlin
too late to permit of comment by the
German newspapers generally. Only tho
Taffeblatt discuss sea the disaster saying
briefly that while German submarine
already have shown ability to reaoh the
chsoaol It also In possible that a mine
was ths cause of the vessel's destruction.
Chicagoans Besent
Pig as an Emblem
CHICAGO, Jan. 2.-The head of a pig
as emblematic of Chicago' s Industry
would be resented by Chicagoans, ac
cording to a letter which tho committee
promoting tha International Christian
Endeavor convention to be held here next
July, mailed today to a New England
badge company.
This committee had advertised for ds
signs and bids for the convention medal
lions and the eastern concern's design
had la ths center of the bar on ths badgo
the head of a pig as smblematlo of Chi
cago's Industry.
Tho badge was rejected and a letter
sent to ths company says:
"We take exception to the fact that
you have placed In tha center of tho
bar on this badge, the head of a pig,
merely because, as you say, Chicago leads
tho world In the meat packing Industry.
We suggest that you learn that Chicago
stands for something besides pigs and
acktng '
Following la a list of the subscriptions
to the Urlglsn relltf fund received at
Amount previously reported, Sfi.254.80.
Entertainment of charity bridge commit
tee at the horns of Mrs. Woods, Lin
coln. Mi.
City Young Men's Christian association,
Lincoln, Xzl.Vi.
K. C. lien Malben, Palmyra, 110.
The Exploits
of Elaine
Mart the alory by reacting; firt
installment in MaKaxlue aectlun of
Uxlay's Hnnday lixo.
The Day's
War News
The Cerman attack In France
and Belgium, Initiated In reply to
the offensive movement of the al
lies, has developed to auch a point
that the allies now are on the de
fensive along the greater part of
the line. The extent of the Ger
man movement is shown by the
French statement, which speaks
of night attucks against the allies
all along the front. These on
slaughts apparently were not in
great force, however, and the as
sertion Is made that hey were all
repulsed with rase.
The Russian War offlec an
nounces that another defeat has
been inflicted upon the Austrian
forces In Oallcla, whose advance
from the Carpathians recently
was chocked with serious conse
quences to them. It Is asserted
that fortified Austrian positions
near Gorllce were destroyed and
that 3.000 prisoners were cap
tured. The.' 'lusslan statement
snys, howe that the victory
was won oil tcr a hard battle,
and that flf. .g still continues,
indicating that the Austrlans are
still capable of offering deter
mined resistance.
In Poland the German attack
apparently has shifted to the
southward. The Russian state
ment mentions fighting of partic
ular Intensity at Rawa, which. Is
thirty miles south of Sochacsew,
the recent center of German ac
tivity. German attacks there, as
well as In east Prussia and in the
region of Mlawa, In Poland, near
the east Prusssan border, are aald
to have been repulsed.
Austrian warships have bom
barded Belgrade, the Servian cap
ital, from which the Austrlans
were driven shortly after they had
occupied It.
According to ,a report current
in Paris, the lost jBrltish battle
ship Formidable was sunk off
Portsmouth, England's chief naval
base, by a German submarine.
1 .
All Expsct to Hake the Jourao to
the Capital the First Thing
Monday Morning.
la Spite of Letters from (Jovemor
and Chairman Thompson, Candi
date for Speakership Itnvo
Been Most Active.
Most of the Douglas county delega
tion to the legislature, expect to leave
for Lincoln Monday. As the legisla
tive session opens January A, they want
to get there In time to get acquainted
at loast a day before tho gavel fails
and the body of lawmakers assemble for
a long hard grind of work.
Henry Clay Richmond, has been there
for several days off snd on, looking
after his fences for tho speakership of
the house. He has been buttonholing
hard for tho place and expresses him
self as confident that ho will win It
Home of his rivals, iT. M. Itroine and
George Jackson, however, have also
been on the ground looking after their
LetteM Caaso Uncertainty.
On account of the letter that went
out from the governor and from Demo
rratlo State Chairman W, H. Thompson
of Grand Island, asking tho ' members
elect from all over the stats to avoid
,pledg1ng themselves to any candidate
for organlatlon positions, tho candidates
for tho places, especially the speakership,
are finding It rather difficult sledding,
In advance of ths opening of the session.
Tbs democratic caucus that will get
Into action at ones will begin to do busi
ness In regard to organisation.
Pledges Have Been Made.
Just how far the various legislators
have pledged themselves In spite of tha
plea of the governor and of Chairman
Thompson, will probably reveal itself at
that time It Is certain that the various
candidates for places continued their ef
forts to secure pledges Just the same even
after the chairman's plea went out.
Wool Crop is Less
in the United States
WABII1NOTON, Doc 1-Wool produc
tion of the United States In 1914 touted
290,182,000 pounds, according to estimates
today by the bureau of crop estimates of
the Department of Agriculture. This Is
about 8.000.000 pounds less than that of
ISlt, as estimated by the National Asso
ciation of Wool Manufacturers.
Tha estimate of wool production ts the
first ever made by the Department of
Agriculture. The estimated production for
1914, as compared wtih 1916, is given by
states for tlte entire country.
Montana ranked first In production of
raw wool in 1914, with an output of so,.
177,004 pounds; Wyoming was second, with
28.476,000 pounds, and New Mexico third,
with ID, 017,000 pounds.
Many Miners Are
Entombed at Fernie
VANCOUVER. R. C, Jan. 3-An ex
plosion occurred at the Coak Creek mines
at Ferule, H. C, today. It ts believed a
large number of men lost their Uvea
Government Inspector Evans entered
the mine equipped with rescue apparstus
and was Immediately overcome. Ills re
covery Is doubtful
German Troops Making Sporadic At
tempts to Break Through Lines
of the Allies.
General Joffre Apparently Avoiding
General Attack Until Arrival
of Reinforcements. .
Petrograd War Office Says Aus
trian! in Galicia Were Forced
to Retreat Sixty Miles.
Athens Report Says Sultan is Ready
to Leave Constantinople. -
It ts RiasreS that lie Mast Re.
tara to Berlin Soon for na
Operation Vpon Hla
Throat. .
LONDON, Jan. 2. The latest
news available from the western bat
tle front shows that little progress
is being made by tho allied forces,
and rather indicates a sporadic re
newal of the German offensive, with
resultant alight gains In the Argonne
and French Flanders. These opera
tions can hardly be classed as a Gen
eral offensive movement In the west
such as is tail being conducted In
Poland, but the strength which the
Germans are showing seems to make
it plain that they have not weakened
appreciably their western army by
transfers of troops to the east, nor
has the pressures of the allies broken
their grip on Belgium and France,
from the North Sea to MeU.
General Joffre apparently still Is avoid
ing a general attack. Except .for their
tactics of feeling out the Uernn line
by attacks here and there, the allies are
playing a waiting game, pending the time
when, with the assistance of reinforce
ments, they' can deliver a concentrated
blow at some strategic, point ...
Russians pons' into Bauamry.
The Germans are stilt attempting to
press forward In Poland, but to the south
the Russians have driven the Austrlans
further backmore than sixty miles In
alL It Is again reported that the Russians
are pouring across the Carpathians Into
Hungary, causing the Inhabitants to
flee. .
Driven out of Bervla, the Austrfans
nevertheless are again attacking Bel
grade. According to dispatches from that
city, four monitors have bombarded it.
It Is still exceedingly difficult to obtain
any clear Idea of the Turkish operations,
but according to an Athens' dispatch
the aultaln and his court are preparing
to leave Constantinople, fearing the early
fall of that city. The attack on Egypt
seems to have been abandoned indefi
nitely. Various reports concerning the condi
tion of Ennperor William's throat are
again In circulation. According to one
version, the emperor must soon return
to Berlin to undergo an operation.
Training Big Armies.
With full knowledge that vast numbers
of men now are being trained In Eng
land, Germany, It Is recognised here, must
be preparing to meet their entry Into ths
war. It Is agreed that much depends upon
tha quality of the new formations on
both sides. The English view Is that
Britain's new troops will be the cream of
the country, while Germany, having sent.
In Its finest forces at the outset, must de
pend for reinforcements upon those less
fit physically.
There are many reports of the move
ment of German troops from the west to
tha east Advices from Amsterdam statu
that 200,000 Germans passed through
Cologne on the. way sast and It is'sug-"
gested that they are being sent to Gen
eral von Hindenburg preparatory to an
other great effort to batter through tha
Russian lines to Warsaw.
Rock Island Brewer Is Dead.
ROCK ISLAND. 111., Jan. 2. Otto Hu
ber, owner of brewery Interests here ic
Iowa and in the state of Washington,
died at his home here today, aged H
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will dp
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