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we wim me if re,
ussian Patrol Clashes With German Guard on German Soil
he Omaha Daily
VOL. XI J V NO. ?0.
OMAHA, MOXIUY MORNINO, At'dt'ST 1U.
fa Tr1nt end at
Wofl Hswa snds, 80.
SING LiJ COPY TWO CENTS.
FRANCE FIRST IN
Two Forces Working Their Way
Toward Paris One is Repulsed
FIRST MOVEMENT OF THE WAR
Hundred Thousand Troops Are
Crossing Luxemburg to Concen
trate on French Frontier.
STRIKE AT VULNERABLE POINT
Twenty-five Thousand Fighting Men
Are Digging Battle Trenches at
Front to Be Ready.
GERMANY PRESSES ADVANTAGE
Would Vanquish France Before Rus
sia is Ready for War.
CZAR MOVES VERY SLOWLY
Reported that It Will Take Him
Three Week to Mobilise the
Troopa to Be Head? to tilve
LONDON. Aug. 2. The German
Invasion of France has begun, ac
cording to authentic information re
ceived in London today, without, bo
far as is known, a declaration of
war having been made.''
Two German forces are now con
verging from the east in the direc
tion of the French capital. German
troops have crossed the French, fron
tier at a point near the' village of
Cirey, between Nancy and Strass
. burg, And the, German soldier who
lust night invaded the Grand Duchy
of Luxemburg, neutral territory be
tween Belgium and Germany, are
reported as marching, on the French
fortified town of Longwy.
The German force which came
into France near Cirey, which is
forty miles from Nancy, is reported
to have been repulsed wljh heavy
losses, but this has not yet been con
firmed. Repeat History.
Apparently, the German army la dupli
cating the first movement of the Franco
Prussian war. It waa on August 3 1870,
forty-four years ago today, that the
French and Germans clashed In the first
battle of that war at Saarbrucken,
where the prince Imperial, under the or
ders of the emperor, received his famous
"baptism of fire."
It would appear today that Germany
In taking' the fullest possible advantage
of Its supposed superiority In rapid mobi
lisation over Franc. The plan of the
German emperor, according to military
observers here, is to vanquish or at
tempt to vanquish France In the Interval
before Russia will be able to create seri
ous trouble on its northern frontier. It
,is supposed that Russian mobilization
will take about three weeks.
I'roas Near llrey.
One German force crossed the French
frontier near the village of Cirey, be
tween Nancy and Strasxburg, and another
German detachment, probably the Twenty-ninth
Infantry, last night Invaded the
Krand duchy of Luxemburg, neutral terri
tory, between Belgium and Germany, and
continued Its inarch on the French forti
fied town of Longwy. A dispatch from
Brussels said there was good reason to
believe this, force later In the day en
The German force of 20.000 men which
came into France near Cirey, which is
forty miles from Nancy, Is reported to
have been repulsed with heavy losses, but
this has not yet been confirmed.
Apparently the German army is dupli
cating the first movement of the Franco
Prussian war. It was on August i. 1870,
' (Continued on Page Two.)
Forecast till 7 p. m. Sunday:
For Omaha, Council Hluffs and Vicinity
Fair; no Important change in tempera
Temperature at Omaha Yesterday.
T p. m 82
Lowest yesterday .
19M. 1913. 1812. 1911.
Temperature and precipitation
lures from the normal:
Normal temperature Tt
Kxreaa fur the day 2
Tital excess lm' March 1 So
Normal precipitation tt Inch
I wflcleniy for Ihe day 11 Inch
Total rainfall since March 1 14. M Inches
1 terii'lency since March 1 M inches
deficiency for cor. period, 191S. I. Oi Inches
leflciemy for dr. period. lli. 8.57 Inches
L, A. WELSH. Local Forecaster.
T v l Hours.
1 5 ::
1 fi; ff. 1 a. in..
V irSy L 8 a. m..
5j 7'Iv u ' '""
ift S n. m..
2t wij d. m..
THE GERMAN LINE;
Czar's Column Accompanied by Ar
tillery Pastes the Frontier at
INVADING PATROL REPULSED
Two Squadrons of Cossacks Are
Riding Toward Johannes
v . burg.
FRENCH ITER DROPS BOMBS
Lets Them Down from Aeroplane in
Neighborhood of Nuremberg.
ACTION EXCITES INDIGNATION
Authorities Declare Action Crime
Against Rights of M as There,
Has Beea Ko Declaration
BERLIN, Aug. 2. A Russian
patrol Last night crossed the Ger
man frontier near Eichenreid, In
Posen, and attacked the German
guard at the railroad bridge near
the Wiarthe. Two German soldiers
were ellghtly wounded.
The above information was Is
sued today by the imperial staff.
The attack was repulsed. The staff
also announced the crossing of the
frontier by a Russian column near
The above information, the staff
adds, shows that Russia has In
vaded German territory and that
war hias actually begun.
Accompanied with Artillery.
The Russian column which crossed the
frontier at Schwinden, was accompanied
Two squadrons of Russian Cossacks are
riding In the direction of Johannesburg
In East Prussia, fifteen miles from the
frontier. -i " .'.
Tha Russian squad which entered near
Eichenreid, attacked the German guard
at the railroad bridge over the Warttie.
The attack was repulsed. Two Germans
were slightly Injured.
The above information was given out
by the imperial staff.
The staff at the same time said that
the Invasion near Schwinden showed that
war had actually begun.
Drops Bombs from Plane.
A French aviator has been dropping
bombs from an aeroplane In the neigh
borhood of Nuremburg. Bavaria, accord
ing to an announcement made by the
military authorities today. In making
this announcement the authorities added
that this action was a crime-against the
rights of man as there has been no dec
laration of war. ,
Emperor William came to Berlin this
afternoon from Potsdam. He traveled
in an open automobile and was greeted on
the streets of the capital by tumultuous
Ills majesty waa followed in other auto
mobiles by the crown prince. Prince
Henry of Bava.rU, his brother, and other
Later in the afternoon Doctor Von Veth-mann-Hollweg,
the Imperial chancellor,
drove to the Imperial palace. He waa
heartily cheered by the population.
The receipt of war news at the bourse
gave occasion for enthusiastic patri
otic demonstrations. ,
A telegram received here from Koenigs
berg says a Russian patrol has entered
Eydtkuhnen, on the Russian border. It
advanced to Bilderweltschen. near Eydt
kuhnon, where it destroyed the local
The enemy, according to this Intelli
gence, crossed the border at several
Drops Bombs Near
BERLIN. Aug. J. A French aviator
has been dropping bombs from an aero
plane in the neighborhood of Nuremberg,
Ravarla, according to an announcement
made by the military authorities today.
In announcing the dispatch the authori
ties add that thia action Is a crime
against the rights of man, as there has
been no declaration of war.
Laden with Coal
Seized by Germany
LDNION, Aug. i. According to a die
patch to the Central Newa from King's
Lynn, a seaport In Norfolk, England, the
British steamer Saxon, which left Klng'a
Lynn last Thursday with a cargo of coal
for Brunsbuttel, Prussia, has been
seized by the German navy and taken
Announcement Extraordinary: The Bee has perfected exclusive arrange
ments with the New York World for special war news service for the
benefit of our readersthis in addition to the full Associated Press reports.
FEATURES OF THE WAR Large picture shows a group of Austrian army engineers at work ir the field. Lower pic
ture is portrait of General Putnik, commander-in-chief of the Servian army under King Peter.
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a a a n, i a av j n .- r
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i t.. i t . i r mm w i x-v i --T,-t
IN WARSEEK AID
London Filling Up with Traveer
Who Are Unable to Becura Any "
T : Money on Exchange. '
STEAMSHIPS ARE ALL CROWDED
President Wilson May Call on Con
Are aa for Moner to Send War
.Vessels Ovex to Bring- RaeK
Those Tied I's hy War. .
LONDON, Aug. 2. London is fast
filling with Americans who have
been compelled to forego their con
tinental tours. Every cross-channel
steamer from France and Belgium
is filled with American tourists who
on the advice of their ambassadors,
ministers or consuls, have left the
continental cities and various resorts
on a minutes notice for England,
which country affords them ; their
only chacue'of reaching borne. 1
Inability to get money Is another
incentive for their desire to leave
the continent. Express companies'
checks, which Americans universally
use for foreign tours, cannot be
converted into currency except at
'.he highest rates of discount. .
W. H. Crane, the American actor,
vas among hundreds who kurriedly
?ft Paris Friday . nighU He said
there was a veritable panic among
Americans in the French capital.
Any Way to Urt (1st,
"On Ihe advice of the consul, who told
me that if I did not so away Immediately
I probably would be marooned in Paris
for weeks, I hurriedly packed and rushed
to the station." said Mr. Crane. "There
I found the depot crowded with Ameri
cans acting on the. same Impulse. Not
only did they want to set home, but thev
had found their American money checks
unneg-otlable. The trains were Jammed.
Those who had gladly paid full first class
fares, but who arrived late and found
only standing- room in third class car
did not complain because they were so
anxious to set away.
"Nobody got any sleep until we arrived
In London In the early hours of the
morning. We were several hours late
cwlDtf to the train being held up on the
French lines ' to enable tha passage of
trains loaded with French soldiers."
A few of those who arrived early were
able to get berths on the steamers sailing
lor New York, Boston and Canadian
porta, but the majority Joined the big
crowd of Americana who are already fill
ing the London hotels.
American Checks I srleas.
Later a boat from the continent brought
another large contingent of Americana,
who felt satisfied until they discovered
that their American checks were almost
aa useless in Iodon as in the continnetal
cities. Regular customers at hotels and
restaurants tonight who did not have gold
or silver were politely Invited to sign
bills for payment at soma 'future day as
no currency could be given In change
for notes or checks. Strangers were com-
(Continued on Page Sevan.)
1! 'L;. IVV
Germany Invades France; !
Loses Heavily in the First
Clash; Progress of the War
(Copyright. JH, Press Publishing Ia.)
LONDON, Aug. 2. (Special Cablegram to the New York W'orl and
Omaha Bee.) Today has been one of greatest excitement. Reports of
battles and rumors of fighting have succeeded each other with lightning
The News of the World says it has received a wireless message an
nouncing heavy firing in the North sea, Indicating that the French and
German fleets, if not indeed the British armada, are encaged In a desperate
sea battle. ,
Two JiritiNli eaaela Heized. ( t '
From Kings Inn, a seaport in Norfolk, comes the astonishing an
nouncement that a British collier was seized by a' German warchlp off the
coast and taken to Cux Haven. Later the report came that another British
vessel had been taken by the Germans in the Kiel canal.
- France Invaded by (jermana.
Belgian newspapera print the news of tbe Invasion of France today by
the German army ,at a point near Nancy. A heavy attachodment of .French
troops appeared soon after the Germans set foot on French soil and after a
sharp engagement drove tbe invaders back across tbe border with heavy
losses. ' ' ' '
Aviator ProppinK Bombs.
Berlin dispatches say that a French aviator appeared in the sky above
Nuremburg, Bavaria, and began dropping bombs. The anthoritles declare
this action a violation of all International law, as war bad not been declared
I w!c t '
. f N -)
GREAT BRITAIN IN
NO SHAPE FOR WAR
Military ' Expert Say, England Not
.' Orffattieed for a General Euro;
. ' peaa Struggle.'. ,
310 BUSINESS FI0HTIN0, ANYWAY
llaa - No Reason for Mtalngr In
Present Fray and t nder Bin
Obligations to Take
DV RIlftKINR ClIH.OKIl,
One of tne f oremost Military EKperts
of Kurope. .
(Copyright, 1914. by Press Publishing Co.)
LONDON,' Aug. 1 (Special Cablegram
to New York World andOmaha Bee.)
H ere Is no fresh news .from the seat
of war. - AH we know la fhat three Aus
trian armies, tolled off to Invade 8er
vla, are endeavoring to force the line, of
which Hrlgrade roughly is . the center,
and that they are being, stoutly opposed,
wMIe the main Servian rotves concen-
trste' on the Morava, further south.
There still la time to think of greater
At this critical moment, It Is of the
most urgsn'. importance that Ihe ca
pacity 'of Great Britain to Influeaoe a
Kuropran war. and the morsl duty facing
her, . when such a war . ia. ImniliMiot, it
ceuld be clearly grasped, not only by her
own people, but by the civilised world.. ,
There : are reckleaa rVmeuls In our
midst and . have been, fur .many, years,
only too, willing, : on any pretext, to In
volve the country in bloody consequences
of continental quarrels, in which we have
not the remotest interest. They are seiz
ing the opportunity now, with the war
fever at Its height, to commit us to a
disastrous path of military intervention.
Sot Organised for War.
tires t Britain is not orgunlsed for mili
tary conflict In Europe. We are primar
ily a naval power, admirably organised
for the defense of our world-wide empire,
but with only a sufficient mobile mili
tary force, above the requirements for
insular defense, to throw any threatened
portion of an empire whose permanent
communications are secured by a powerful
That Is our position. We are not or
ganised to engaga in a land war on the
continent. S e could send there 150.0)
men at the utmost, and we could not even
maintain thU force through the wastage
of war. much less add to It with rein
forcements, nhli'h would Inevitably be
clamored for by our alleys, without strain
ing our present voluntary system to the
breaking point and evolving another In
the midst of war on a compulsory basis.
Yet 150,000 troops would be a mere de
tachment by contrsnt with tbe armies
of the continent. Nor Is it at all cer
tain we could ever land our army safely.
Pr.rll of Pasansxe.
It la common knowledge thai; In tha
crisis of 101), when, by some unex
plained vasariea, the war office planned
such an expedition, the admiralty warned
those responsible that it could not guar
antee to take passage of the channel In
the face of submarines, destroyers and
mines, which even a weak naval power
can in modern days employ against de
On what ground are we asked by Jin-
(Continued en Page Heven.)
STRONG FOR WAR
Autocrat Listens Only to Adviser,
Who Urge War as Meant to
WAR COUNCIL HOLDS SESSION
All Other Bodies Ignored After Czar
Hat Decided to Face European
War at Expedient.
CONDITION OF RUSSIAN ARMY
Infantry in Good Condition, but
Artillery Doubtful Because of
Recent Graft Scandals.
EXPRESS ANGZR AT ENGLAND
War Party Doesn't Like Position of
CZAR CONFIDENT OF VICTORY
Hears Only tbe Areonnta GlTen Hint
by Ills Drlllrose Advisers and
Sees Only Farther Trl
(Copyright, 1U, by Press Publishing Co.)
ST. PETEKSBUilG, July 29.
(Delayed in Transmleolon.)- (Spe
cial Cablegram to New York World
and Omaha Bee.) The moment
Russia decided to face a European
war, all previous agreements were
brushed aside, neither the speaker
of the Duma, nor the committees on
foreign relations, finance or army
were consulted.. The only body that'
shared In the decision of the ciar's '
personal advisors was the war coun
cil, over which Grand Duke Nicholas
presides. Ho Is addicted to econom
ical parades of the Imperial guards
and his influence has been against
tbe capable men who tried to reor
ganize the army.
Artillery la I aires t wort ay.
The infantry Is believed to be
good, but there are misgivings about
the artillery. The titular head of
tho artillery is Grand Duke Berglus
Mlchaelovitch, and his department
is said to be notoriously weak. It
was to procure contracts for the Rus
sian artillery that the scandal In
volving magnificent presents to an
imperial ballet dancer . was devel
oped. Finally the war minister,
General Roodiger, waa dismissed for
allowing Duma Leader Alexander
Goutchkoff to make a public attack
on corruption over artillery con
tracts. To Divert Peasantry.
The Department of Interior came
out strongly for risking war.' The
reason was the same as that given
by former ' Minister of Interior
Plehve, ten years ago, for the Japa
nese war, that tbe. situation de-'
manded war. Internal unrest would
not abate before police repression
and the only means left of diverting'
the ferment, seeing that reform In a
liberal direction was not to be
granted, was to strike out for mili
tary glory. The angor of democracy
Is greater now than ten years ago,
but against this the Department of '
the Interior puts the; fact that, .
whereas, the Russians were wholly'
Indifferent as regards the Japanese, '
there is really a deeper racial an tip- '
athy between tbe Slav and the Ger- i
Crisis is Insntlneat.
Tbe ministers of finance and
agriculture were the only two per
sons who declared against a war pol
icy, Krlviochein, who is responsible
for the vast new agrarian system
now being set up in Russia, warned
the council of the risk of an enor
mous peasant crisis If the real
strength of the army reserve were
taken from the land for a long time
and money for land , purchase
Angry nt England.
: The war party, as this Is written,
Is angry over the equivocal attitude
of England. Tbe proposal made by
their foreign minister, Muravleff,
during) England's worst period In
the Boer war ia heard again; that a
good way for obtaining peace wonld