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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 2, 1914)
PAGES ONE TO TEN.
VOL. XLIV NO. 7.
FOR RATE RAISE IS
Five Per Cent Increase Between
Buffalo and Brooklyn and
I. a C. GIVES OUT DECISION
Raise East of Buffalo and Pitts
burgh on Freight Charges is
WILL MEAN GENERAL ADVANCE
All Class Rates in Central Freight
Association Territory Ad
vanced. ATTEMPT TO MISLEAD ; PUBLIC
Commission Scores Efforts Made -to
FREE SERVICE ' SHOULD, ' GO
Meat , of th Carrier la Trnnkl
Terrltorr Declared r R""
to Be In Prosper
WASHINGTON, Aug. 1. Fir per
cent increased freight rates between
Buffalo and Pittsburgh and the Mis
sissippi, river were granted today by
the Interstate Commerce commission
in the eastern division advance rate
case. All increases east of Pitts
burgh and Buffalo were denied.
No increases were granted on lake
and rail rates. All clsusa rates within
the Central Freight association terri
tory were advanced 6 per cent. Com
modity rates got a like advance ex
cepting coal, coke, brick, tile, cljay,
starch, cement, iron ore and plaster.
Percent of Increase.
The new rate are expected to Increase
the Income of the railroad approxi
mately 1H per cent All the principal eaat
and west ssytem will benefit by the In
creases, as their lien traver the terri
The commodities upon which no ad
vance were allowed compose approxi
mately 85 per oent of the total volume
of traffic in the central territory.
Th commission held the Income of th
railroad was smaller than Is demanded
In publle Interest, but that no showing
had been made warranting- a general in
crease In rate.
Condemning what 1 characterised a a
propaganda to influence it decision, the
There can be no doubt that this clamor
and outcry have tended to mislead the
public and have seriously aggravated the
present commercial depression."
Commissioner McChord held no differ
ence should have been made between the
territories east and west of Pittsburgh
and Buffalo. Commissioner Daniels held
that a 6 per cent Increase should have
been granted generally.
The commission suggested advances In
(Continued on Page Four.)
Forecast till 7 p. m. Sunday:
For Omaha. Council Bluffs and Vicinity
Fair; no important change In -temperature.
3 a. m.
7 a. ni.,
8 a. ra..
" S a. m..
10 a. :..
11 a. m..
2 p. m..
1 p. m..
3 p. m..
7 p. m..
t lH-1913. 1912. 1911.
Highest yesterday M w M 19
Ixiweat yesterday 7 t2 M 61
Aioan temperature .... 70 77
Preplpltatlon 00 .00
Temperature an1 precipitation
ture from th normal:
Kxcess for the day
Total excess sineu -March
Deficiency for the day 14 inch
Total rainfall since March 1....14D1 Inches
Iiefli-ienuy since March 1 3.61 Inches
lficiency for cor. period, 1911.. 1. 92 Inches
IMlclency for eor. period, IMS.. 8. 44 inches
L. A. WELSH, Local Forecaster.
YILLA NOT ASKED
Chieftain Not Expected to Take
Part in Entry to Capital
CAROTHERS BACK FROM FRONT
Intimation that Villa I Wot In
clined to Submit t Authority
of Cnrransa I Strength,
entng III Army.
EL PAPO, Tex., Aug. 1. General Villa
lias not been Invited officially or unof.
flclally by General Carransa to take
part In the entry of the constitutionalist
troops into Mexico City. This was
learned definitely today. It explained. In
part at least: the delay of the northern
commander in moving his forces south.
It was learned also that Villa has been
recruiting an average of 4X) men dally
at Chlhuhua City.
Reports from Aguns Callentes today told
of disturbed conditions below that point.
Alberto l'uentes, the constitutionalist gov
ernor, believes travel to the south Un
as fe. General I'ascual Orosco, with at
least 1.W0 federal irregulars. Is terroris
ing the country below the state capital.
Attitude of Villa 1'neertaln.
WASHINGTON, Aug. l.-Georg C.
Carolhera, special representative of the
State department, .who has been accom
panying General Villa, arrived today
from El Paso, and had a long conference
with Secretary Bryan. Neither Mr. Bryan
nor Mr, Carothers would discuss the mat
ter," but f of several day-reports of Vil
la' disinclination to submit to Carransa
have been reaching officials here.
Another aspect of the situation which'
was not regarded as favorable, was the
reported attitude of General Carransa on
the subject of amnesty. Some doubts are
expressed In official reports as to whether
Carransa would give a pledge for am
nesty In any form or way, being opposed
to the Idea that Carbajal' surrender
should b conditioned on anything.
Obrearon Marching; on Capital.
GUADALAJARA, Mex., Aug. l.-Oen-
eral Obregon today telephoned Provisional
President Carbajal: "With my troops, I
will begin marching on the capital to
morrow, disarming all federal garrisons
I encounter. I notify you if resistance
Is offered or attempts made to destroy
railroads by federal troops under your
orders, I will give battle and hold them
Carransa at Raltlllo.
8ALTILLO, Mex., Aug. 1. General
Carranza, the constitutionalist chief, ar
rived here last night The Carbajal com
missioners are expected to arrive tonight.
French Army Will
PARIS, Aug. 1. An official decdee or
ders a general mobilization of th
French army, beginning tomorrow.
LONDON, Aug. 1. The Central New
ays the British foreign office this even
ing received an unofficial message that
German mobjllzatlon had been ordered.
British Bank Act
Will Be Suspended
LONDON, Aug. 1 The British chan
cellor of the exchequerer had a prolonged
Interview with a number of prominent
bankers today as a result of which It Is
said the government will ask Parliament
on Monday to take action to "deal with
the financial situation," or in other words
to suspend the bank act
Slayer of Jaures
PARIS. Aug. 1. Alienists who today
examined Raoul Vllllan, the assassin of
M. Jaures, the socialist leader, declared
him abnormal mentally and partially at
least. Irresponsible, ,
The miners of Albi, a town in M. Jau
res' constituency, ceased work today as a
mark of respect to his memory.
GRAIN EMBARGO ON
TOPEKA, "Kan., Aug. 1. The gain em
bargo against the port of Galveston, Tex.,
will be continued until August 7. This
a a decided today at a meeting of offi
cials of the Atchison, Tepoka tt Santa Fe
and Rock Island railroads.
Announcement Extraordinary: The Bee has perfected exclusive arrange
ments with the New York World for special war news service for the
benefit of our readers--tHis in addition to the full Associated Press reports.
Formally Declared War on
OMAHA, SUNDAY MORNING,
The Somber Shadow of Europe's Call to Arms
Diplomatic Relations Between Em
pires of Germany and Russia
Are Reported Broken.
FRANCE SEES LITTLE HOPE
German Ambassador Sees French
Premier and Will Leave Paris
HERRICK WILL TAKE CHARGE
United States Probably Will Look
After Interests of Germany in
All European Capitals.
ENROLLING RESERVES IN RUSSIA
Hundred Enlistment Places Opened
in St Petersburg.
WAR IS ' QUESTION 0? HOURS
Condition Vaer Which Dlplo
atle Conversation ; Continue
Makct tt,Xmolhle Ei.
pect Successful Issue.
PARIS, Aug. 1. The Gorman am
bassador to France bad packed and
was ready to leave at 1 o'clock this
afternoon, when a dispatch reached
him from Berlin making some sort
of suggestion, which the French gov
ernment took into consideration and
about which it exchanged views with
London and St. Petersburg.
It was stated after the receipt of
the German communication that
there was only the most slander hope
that it would have any result.
Arrangements ...were made last
night by Myron T. Herrick, the
American ambassador, acting under
instructions from Washington, to
take over the affairs of the German
ambassy, while Alexander II. Thack
ara, the American consul general, is
to look after the affairs of the Ger
WASHINGTON, Aug. 1. Official
advices received at the White House
today report the German ambassador
leaving St. Petersburg.
Ambassador Herrick, at Paris, re
ported that a proposal to place Ger
man Interests in France in his hands
was being discussed there. No ac
tion has been taken by this govern
ment on the proposal for Ambassa
dor Herrick to represent Germany in
France, but officials expect that such
duties will devolve on American
diplomats generally in Europe and
will be assumed by them. "
OtherV reports received at the
White (Houg from American diplo
matic officers were characterized
None received held out any hope
that' a general European war might
be averted. S
yXVDOX, Aug. 1. Information reached
the French embassy her todsy that the
German ambassador In Paris had Inti
mated 'that he purpose leaving his post
Officials at th French embassy said,
however, that efforts were still beli.'
made in various direction' to maintain
(Continued, oa Pag Two.)
AUGUST l 1PU-UIVK K1XTIOXS TIIIUTY-SIX PACKS.'
War on France as
Well as on Russia
(Copyright by Press l'ublhln(r Co.)
LONDON, Au. 1. (SrMM-lal to New
Tork World and Omaha It is
reported here on htgheat authority
that Germany has Just declared war
on France a well as Russia.
French Army Will
,.;PARIS, Aug, 1. An 'official
decree orders' a general mobil
ization of the French army, be
LONDON, Aug, 1. The Cen
tral News says the British for
eign office this evening re
ceived an .unofficial message
that German mobilization had
WALL STREETJARKS TIME
Stock Market Will Not Be Opened
for Several Days.
WILL WAIT UPON LONDON
New York Does Not Want to Dear
Financial Harden of the World
Hl Firms Bar Out
NEW YORK, Aug. l.-Wlth the stock
and commodity markets till closed the
financial district marked time today,
while word was awaited of the decision
of the European powers for peace or
war. To all outward appearances Wall
street was almost busily engaged a
under normal condition.
At the office of J. p. Morgan Co.
representative of some ot the largest
financial Interest In New York and
Philadelphia met today. Th meeting
was behind closed doors and no Informa
tion was obtainable as to what took
place beyond the fact that the present
troubled situation was discussed with a
view of taking whatever precautionary
step might suggest themselves. It is
Understood that no definite time for the
reopening of the exchanges was agreed
upon. A meeting of tha newly-formed
Association of Partners -of Hto-k Ex
change Firms was held and a statement
was made urging, all members not to
engage In outside dealings in securities.
Although the 'time of the reopening of
the eVchange rests entirely In the hand
of the board of governors. It was every
where assumed that trading would not
be resumed for some time. It was felt
that it would be unwise to reopen the
market until the London board, at least,
should take up buslnens again. Otherwise
New York would again be placed In the
position of bearing the financial burden
of the world.
Further engagements of gold wa an
nounced today. London took $vw,000 and
The extent which the gold export move
ment would continue was one of tho
most Important questions of the financial
district at this juncture. Gold shipments
to Europe are new so expensive and
Aaisrdous that It was the general opinion
(Continued on Page Vour.)
GAGE TO CZAR
Emperor, in Name of His Govern
ment, Sends Formal Declaration
to St. Petersburg.
DISPATCHED AT 7:30 0'COCK
Entire Staff of German Embassy
Leaves Russian Capital After
GERMAN ARMY IS MOBILIZING
General Movement of Military
Forces Ordered by the Berlin
ST. PETE1WMUIU1, Aug. 1. The
German "empwrr. In the name of his
government, sent to the - Russian
minUter of foreign affairs at 7 ISO
o'clock a declaration of war.
' LONrfON, Aug. 1. After a con
ference betweeu Premier. AsquUh
and ' Chancellor of the Exchequer
Lloyd George and leading London
flanclers, It was decided to introduce
a bill in Parliament on Monday to
"deal with the financial situation."
This doubtless means that the bank
ing act will be suspended.
BRUSSELS, Aug. 1. The French
minister today informed the Belgian
government that France will respect
Belgian neutrality in the event of a
war breaking out, but if that neu
trality Is not respected by the otber
powers, it must consider what action
LONDON, Aug. 1. It was an
nounced here tonight that Germany
had declared war on Russia.
ST. PETERSBURG, Aug. 1.
Count von Pourtaless and the entire
staff of the German embassy left
St. Petersburg tonight after the
declaration of war had been de
livered. LONDON. Aug. 1. A dispatch re
ceived by the Reuter Telegraph
agency from Berlin says that a gen
eral mobilization of the German
army was ordered this evening.
BERLIN. Aug. 1. A semi-official
statement issued tonight says that
the threatening danger of war neces
sitates that military measures be
taken for the protection of the Ger
man frontier and railway Hies. Re
strictions therefore on the '-postal.
telegraph and railway services are
inevitable owing to the requirements
of the military authorities.
WASHINGTON. Aug. 1. Ger
many, Great Britain and France have
formally asked the United States, to
take charge of their embassies
tLroughout the t Borate r of hostilities
"In case of emergency." The United
States will act for the powers in
volved and American ambassadors
and ministers abroad are being in
structed. PARIS, Aug. 1. An unofficial but
credible report is current in diplo
matic quarters that Austria-Hungary
haa offered to withdraw its
troops from Servla and to submit Its
grievances to an international con
ference. COPENHAGEN, Aug. 1. German
torpedo boat destroyers operating
outside the Danish sea territory
made an unsuccessful attempt today
(Continued on Page Two.)
Ik MmiB M
Late News of
Crisis in Europe
With nightfall In Europe came
a sudden cestiatlon or teiegrapnic
communications direct from the
European countries concerned in
the quarrel, which sppears to
have reached the verge of a gen
In London a strict censorship
over news dispatches telling of
military movements of all kinds
have been Instituted.
An official decree orders a gen
eral mobllltatlon of tho French
army, beginning tomorrow. -
No definite Information as to
whether German mobilization has
started has been permitted to
come through and telegraph com
munication has been cut between
Germany and France and between
the continent and England to pre
vent leakage of this Information.
The whereabouts of tho British
and German fleets are likewise a
mystery to all except the govern
Ultimatums were sent today by
Germany to France and Russia.
Russia was ordered by Emperor
William to stop mobllltatlon
within twelve hours, expiring at
noon, while France was given
eighteen hours to declare. Its atti
tude In certain contingencies.
Italy probably wllf rqmaln neu
tral, as it regards the campaign ot
its allies, Germany and; Austria,
as an aggressive war. in which
case it Is not called on 'to inter
vene. King George made a' final ef
fort today to maintain peace by
telegraphing to Emperor Nicholas
The Bank of England's dis
count rate went up to 10 per cent
today the highest level it has
ever reached. Continental banks
also raised their rates. ,
Frauce was reported to have
ordered general mobilization of
its forces, as the prospects of
peace are thought hopeless.
Strict censorship in European
countries kept back news of milf
Communication by telephone
between France and England is
Interrupted, the governments be
ing desirous of preventing leak
ages of information.
Japan will not intervene unless
British Interests in the far east
The German ambassador was
reported to have left St. Peters-
Will Be Interned in
San Diego Harbor
BAN DIEGO, Cat., August l.-That the
British sloops of war Khearwater and At
gerlne will be Interned at Han Diego and
their officers -and men rushed overland
to New York for passage to England, to
be used In manning the larger warships
of the British reserve fleet, was the re
port cumnt here yesterday. The Al
geiin Is reported to be steaming at full
speed from Maxatlan to this port. The
Shearwater, fully coaled and provisioned,
la lying In the stream.
Under International maritime law the
two vessels will have the breech blocks
of their guns and all ammunition nd
rifles taken off if they are Interned here
In case of war.
Thirty Millions Will
Pray for Peace
NEW YORK. Aug. 1. Thirty million
members of the World's Bunday School
association scattered throughout the
world have been called on to pray to
morrow for peace. The call for the peace
prayer was Issued today by Kir Robert
Laidlaw, president ot the association.
COPY FIVE CENTS.
FINAL EFFORT TO
King- George Sends Message to Em
peror Nicholas After All Night
Conference with Premier.
WAR CLOUDS GETTING BLACEXS
Kaiser Sent Ultimatums to Franco
and Russia Which Expired at
NO INDICATIONS OF YIELDING
Czar is Required to Cease Mobilizing
Army and France is Expected
to Remain Neutral.
ITALY WILL REMAIN NEUTRAL
Allies Are Told that it Will Not Aid
in Offensiro War.
CENSORSHIP NEARLY COMPLETE
Government Ila-r Taken Fohih
lea of Alt Wires Btwen Parts
and LssB-Bask of Esg. ,
land Raise Rate. ' ...
, - i BULLETIN.
PARIS, Aug. 1. Dispatches from
Iome say that Italy formally noti
fied the German ambassador there
this evening that it will remain neu
tral. BULLETIN. ' '
LONDON, Aug. 1. The Germad
ultimatum sent to Russia said that
If Russia did not stop its mobilisa
tion by noon today Germany would
begin the mobilization of Its army.
LONDON, Aug. 1. King George,
In a final effort to prevent the out
break of a general European war and
the meeting of millions of men tn
armed conflict, today, at the elev
enth hour, sent a dispatch to Em
peror Nicholas of Russia, and tha
message was understood to contain
an ultimate appeal for-the preserva
tion of peace. His majesty's action
was taken after an audience '"with
Premier Asquito at 2 o'clock this
morning, when the war clouds were
blackest. ,' ,
At th sametime from Rome cam
the news published in the Messagero
that Italy had decided to remain neu
tral unless attacked. While' tnls .in
formation, was not confirmed, lt'was
said in official circles to have
''caused no surprise.'1'
At the Italian embassy In London
the belief was expected that should
Italy remain neutral, with the possi
bility left open of Its turning against,
its allies, German and Auatrla
Hnngary, the latter nation would be
reluctant to embark on a general
On th other hand, the facts Mood out
that Germany had taken a very firm at
titude and had asked Russia to suspend
the mobilisation of Its force within
time limit of twelve hours, expiring at
noon today. It also had asked Franc to
define within eighteen hour th attitude
It would assume In case of a war by
Germany and Austria against Russia. It
was pointed out In auihorttativ circle
that France' attitude could only be that
under th term of It treaty with Russia
It would be compelled to intervene.
German circle today showed conldr-
(Continued on Pag Two.)
The National Capital
Saturday, iit 1, 114.
Met at 11 . m.
TNtbated trad commission bill.
Tha Cummins amendment for a limited
cou t review of the proposed trade com
mission orders a distinguished from th
board of review prosed by th Poni
rrene amendment wa incorporated bl
the senate today in the trade ooouu!JBk
bill by a vote of S3 to .
Met at noon. " '
Considered general dam bill.
Action on emergency currency and ship-,
ping registry bills delayed In commute
by lack of quorum.
Adjourned at 1:10 p. m. Until Monday
noon, brouahX about by lack. u aWecan.
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