Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, December 01, 1909, Page 4, Image 4

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Prohibition Defeated in Alabama by
About Twenty , Thousand.
It Cannot II- Restarted fHralcht
A ntl-Proh Iblt Ion Victory ot
ernor oinrr Waa
r.IRMIKOIMM. Ala..: Nov. SO. All Indl
entlntii ' point to majority of "ttweon
lS.cflO and 20 000 In Alabama BKBltint the
prohibition constitutional amendment yes
terday. Chairman J. Lee Long, who has
been In charRe' of the liRht against the
amendment, " claims tht the .majority
attnlnst the amontlmcnt will be fully 20,000.
The early returns Indicated a landslide
against the amendment and succeeding
bulletins fully bore out the early Indi
cation. Jefferson county, In which la lilrmlng
ham. the largest city In the state, In spite
of the fact that- the' fight haa been con
centrated here, pave' a majority of over
1,000 against the amendment. Mobile, Mont
gomery and Cullman counties show the
lartrext majorities on the victorious aide
anil It nppears the amendment baa carried
but three counties, Tnl'sdrga, Macon and
Sumter, will) Ixe. In doubt. . .
IVot a Strnlaht Victory.
Today's election cannot be reirardod as
straight antl-prohlbitlon victory because
of the personal-politics -that haa been In
jected Into the Issue. I
Its association With; The administration
of Oovernor 53. B. Comer and his reported
ability to name ' a aiic.cessor to the gov
ernorship In Judge 6, V. Weakley, author
of the prohibition bills, have figured promi
nently In the result..
A significant feature of the result la the
fact that sentiment" against the amend
ment la so widespread. Mural preclnctB,
mall towns and, cities alike, for the moat
part returned substantial majorities on
the winning aide.
Interest la Contest.
A fact of special Interest In today's elec
tion on a constitutional amendment mak
ing prohibition''; effective throughout all
Alabama was that' It 'was the first time In
the history of the state that an expression
of the whole electorate vote had been se
cured on a prohibition question. The state
wide prohibition bill was passed by a legis
lature which had been elected on a local
option platform, and while several counties
had declared for prohibition under, the
local option act, the voters of the entire
state had .never bsfor' been called upon
to pass on the question direct.
The polling places- lri the country pre
cincts closed at S o'clock and In the cities
at 6 o'clock, and the count was rapid, be
cause there was but one proposition sub
mitted. Many Finals at rolls.
In Birmingham the election was the most
exciting ever witnessed. Hundreds of peo
ple .'were crowded around each polling
place, women and Children . were singing
and brass bands, stationed by the anti
amendment forces, were playing patriotic
airs,' Each polling place was enlivened by
Its -quota of fist fights, there being so
many- that Htvwaat Jmilbsstble W keep track
of them. Feeling was so. high that a few
words were sufficient to bring on a blow.
Practically every other yoter was chal
lenged and required to make affidavit that
he was a qualified elector, This delayed
the casting of ballots considerably, but In
spite o( these handicaps the Vote was
As an Instance of the deep feeling dis
played, a minister went to the polls and a
young womap attempted to pin a white rib
bon upon him. The minister declined, tell
ing her thut he considered It Improper for
young women to speak to men on the
streets, whom they "did not know. The wo
man began orylng and the minister apolo
gized for hurting her feeling, but he con
sidered the polling places Improper places
for the young woman to be. The affair
was tuk(n up ell oyer the city and parti
sans commended or denounced the conduct
of the minister accordingly as their senti
ments on- the question dictated.
Country Counties Asa Inst It.
MONTGOMERY, Ala., Nov SO.-Returns
in the Alabama election indicated the pro
posed amendment to put prohibition In the
constitution had been defeated by a de
cisive vote. From the country precincts
the reports indicated the farmers' vote
waa largely against it. The majority In
Montgomery county against the amendment
may go to 1,500. The indications are that
the amendment lost in a majority of the
counties. Most of the large counties went
heavily Against thelneasure. While women
and children were at the polls In many
places, their presence did not affect the
vote to any extent.
Oscar Hall, tax commissioner of Bald
win county, fell dead at his home, a few
minutes after voting for the amendment,
rhysiclans say dxutn was due to heart
failure Induced by excltoment.
Ills Condition Becomes More derl
oua.'nhd; the Women Are
Mrs. Herbert Knox Smith of Washington,
daughter of Senator. Dietrich, has been
called to the bedside of her father because
of his moaj: eeriuus condition. She arrived
Monday and With Mrs. Lrtetrlch, is stepping
at the Rome, Although thuy spend most of
their tlm at tfta Methodist hospital, where
Mr. Dietrich was taken' when brought to
Omaha in his present serious condition.
The Delicious
Apollinaris Water
And Valuable Digestive Qualities
Ever Increasing Popularity
TMflMM . '
ffcsrj Milling fa
Annual Feast
of St. Louis
Traffic Glub
Senator Chamberlain, Judge Dillard
and C. w. Post Talk of Eail;
roads and the People.
ST. LOUIS, Nov. 30 Senator George F.
Chamberlain of Oregon, former Judge Mi
land of Chicago, and George A. Post of
New York were speakers at the annual
banquet of the Trafflo club of St. Louis
tonight. Senator Chamberlain discussed
"Conservation, and The Railroads." Mr.
post's subject was "Railway Ituslness As
sociations." and Judge Dllland talked on
"The Relation Between Corporate Enter
prises and the Public."
Senator Chamberlain pledged himself to
support the waterway legislation proposed
by the associations Interested In that 'sub
ject, and predicted that the Mississippi val
ley will become the manufacturing as well
as the producing center of the country.
Mr. Post told his hearers of a conference
at Washington last Tuesday between repre
sentatives of the Railway Business asso
ciation, of which he is president, and
President Taft and Attorney General Wick
ersham. He pleaded with the railroad ex
ecutives present to treat the people as cus
tomers and asserted that this relation of
seller and purchaser Is vital to a solution
of the railroad problem.
"Let the railroads go to Washington and
help construct, rather than obstruct," he
(Continued from First Page.)
lsS.000.000; flaxseed. $36,000.0000, and 1,000,-003,-000
pounds of rice, $25,000,000.
Comparisons with Cornier Years.
The production -of all cereals combined
Is 4,711,000,000 bushels, an amount consider
ably greater than that for any other year
except 1W6. It exceeds the average of the
preceding five years by 6.5 per cent. The
value of all cereals in 1909 has never been
equaled In a previous year. It Is almost
exactly' 3,000,000.000, or 34 per cent above
the five-year average
Compared with the average of the previ
ous five years, all principal crops are
greater In quantity this year except cot
ton, flaxseed, hops and cane sugar; but
without exception every crop Is worth
more to the farmer than the five-year
This is the year -.of highest production
for potatoes, tobacco, beet sugar, all sugar
and rice; next to the highest production
for corn, oil's and all cereals. Compared
with 1908, gains In value are. found all
along the line, the exceptions being bar
ley, buckwheat, rye and milk.
The Increase In . thei value of farm
products thin year over 1908, $869,000,000, 1b
enough to buy a new equipment of farm
machinery for over 6,000,0u0 farms. The
value of the cereal crops to tho farmer
would pay .for all of the machinery, tools
and Implements of the entire maufacturlng
Industry. The value of all crops, 15,700,
000,000 would make a half payment on the
value of all steam railroads, according to
the valuation of .' 1904. "
' Meat Price Investigation.
Retail Meat Prices Secretary Wilson has
Just finished a unique Investigation made
for the , purpose of this report relating to
the increase of wholesale prices of beef
wben sold at retail. Through employes of
the Bureau of Animal Industry Inquiries
were made in fifty cities large, medium,
and small in all parts of the country.
For the fifty cities the total retail cost
charged to customers above the wholesale
cost paid by the retailers is 38 per cent.
In five cities the rate' of Increase is 20
per cent or under; In ten cities, 21 to 30
per cent; in 12 cities, 31 to 40 per cent; In
twelve cities, 41 to 60 per cent; and in eleven
cities, over 60 per cent.
The lower the grade of beet the greater
the percentage of gross profit In Boston,
for illustration, the rate of gross profit
Is nearly twice as great for beef costing g
cents at wholesale as for beef costing 11
and 11V4 cents. Low-priced beef Is marked
up nearly twice as much relatively as high
priced beef. In other words, perhaps It is
a life Inference that the poor people pay
nearly twice as much profit as the well-to-do
people pay. ' '
Hoc Situation More Fair.
The farmer' situation with regard to
hogs Is more fair to the farmer than the
cattle situation is, but still It Is apparent
that during the last three years the price
of corn has been too high for the price of
hogs. The relative price of hogs on the
farm January L 1909, waa 147.3 as compared
with 100 for tho mean price of 1196-1900, and
the average cost of all hogs slaughtered at
principal murketa in tli year before was
148.1, or about the same as the farm price.
The price of dressed hogs of 160 pounds In
New York in 1908 stands at 145.7. and the
carcasses of market pigs at Chicago at
148.4, which is approximately the number
representing the relative retail price of
fresh pork.
There has been a tendency of the animals
and crops of the farm to Increase in value
per unit at the farm at a faster rate than
all commodities have. Increased at whole
sale. W Ithln the wholesale trade, also, farm
produots .exceed all other clasaes of com
modities In relative Increase of prices slnqe
1896, and food Is' exceeded only by farm
products and by lumber and building ma
terials. The only large exception to the
leading place taken by farm products In,
irlse of prices is unfed beef cattle, the
Flavor of
for its
Sunkist Flour is the most
economical you can buy
Sunkist goes farther than most flours each sack
makei lour to cue loaves more bread. Sunkist Flour
is mads from selected high grade wheat milled very
carefully under conditions of sbaoluta cleanliness.
Sunkist is richer in gluten the nutritive and bread'
making element gives you more and better bread.
Sunkist Flour a I way a give good retult
farm price of which has barely begun to
rise above the price level of 1899-1900 for
beef cattle.
The Inspection of meat was conducted at
876 establishments located In t40 cities and
towns, an Increase of eighty-nine establish
ments and twenty-nine cities and towns.
There wero inspected at and after slaugh
ter,S5.ff71,!OT animals, of which 7,XS.OT7 were
cattle, a.04,"13 calves, 85.437.S21 hogs, M.S02..
903 sheep and 69,193 goats. Of these 141.CW6
carcasses and S99.R28 parts' of carcasses
were condemned. Tuberculosis seems to
have been the principal cause of the con
demnation. - In addition there were con
demned' for" sanitary reasons on relnspec
tlon more than 11,000,000 pounds of meat
Meat Inspection.
Owing to better observation of the law
governing transportation of live stock In
cars, only 208 cases of violation were re
ported during the year, or less than one
third the number In the year previous. Only
5 per cent of the cases resulted adversely
to the government. Fines of t7$,4'.H) were
collected and costs' of I1L539. Through the
vigorous work .of its law officer the de
partment Is exercising a powerful influence
for the observation or tne severat laws In
the enforcement of which It is specially
Soils of forty-five different areas In
twenty different states were mapped during
the year, at a cont of about 1145,000, In
cluding field and office expenses, the area
mapped aggregating 100.6H square miles.
Since the beginning of the year 1S99, 2S7.6M
square miles have been surveyed and map
ped. With reference to soil fertility the
report states that so far as can be observed
at the present time cases of failure on the
farm are dud to Individual neglect or mlc
Judgment, not fundamental to the soil It
self. With regard to abandoned farms In
the eastern states, It Is stated that the Idea
that the soils have become exhausted Is a
mistaken one and the suggestion' Is made
that an Increasing production ' can be
brought back through a change In farm
management and the Infusion of new and
active blood In rural communities.
Tare Pood and Drugs.
The department made a great forward
movement In enforcing the food and drugs
act. It now has branch laboratories for
the examination of samples at twenty-one
of the leading commercial centers, about
one-half of these being seaport cities. The
department solicitor haa prepared and re
ported to the attorney general for prose
cution 494 cases, and of those tried but
two were lost. Convictions and fines ag
gregating over $3,000 "were secured in
eighty-five cases; and in ninety-eight cases'
decrees of condemnation and forfeiture
were Issued covering many tons of food
and drugs. As a result of these opera
tions, mlsbranded and adulterated prod
ucts are rapidly disappearing from Inter
state commerce. The use of preservatives
Which may be injurious to health is one
of the largest and most perplexing ques
tions arising under the food and drugs
act. So far only one experiment has been
completed, that with sodium benzoate. The
decision which has been published de
clares this preservative to be noninjurlous,
and it may be used without violation of
law, provided the percentage, used appears
on the labels attached to the packages.
Rise of "Prescription Scheme."
Since the passage of the food and drugs
act the "prescription scheme" has arisen.
Under this plan of selling proprietary
medicines, a prescription is sent through
the mat:s. The prescription will contain
several well known medicinal agents, but
also a coined name of some unknown
product. To fill the prescription the re
cipient must purchase the agent sold under
the coined name. Analyses of these prod
ucts have shown that they usually consist
of the cheapest and commonest of in
gredients, though advertised as panaceas
for various diseases. Such remedies are
plainly fraudulent, since they have no
curative properties for the diseases for
which they are recommended.
Oar National Forests.
The forest service manages a gnoat
producing property; all to'.d the proclaimed
boundaries of the national forests now in
clude nearly 196,000,000 acres . of land. Of
the three principal resources of the for
ests, water, forage and timber, the timber
is for the time being the least developed.
Vigilant protection is now given the for
ests and this will mean the steady im
provement of water conditions In the west.
Not only the users of water throughout
the west, but all who in turn derive a
benefit from the prosperity of these users
share In the distribution of profits.
The forage yield of the forests which suf
ficed for nearly 7,700,000 sheep, tSOO.000 cat
tle, 90,000 horse and 150,000 cows, was util
ized by more than 27.000 Individuals and
concerns, besides furnishing free grazing
for milch cows and work horses of settlers,
prospectors and travelers. The timber cut
of last year was small because of general
business conditions. In making sales of
national forest timber not revenue but
the best interests of the consumer furnish
the guiding principles. The administration
and protection of the national forests cost
last year less than $3,000,000, with an ad
ditional $500,000 spent on Improvements The
cost of national forest administration and
protection was less than I cents per acre
for all purposes, Including Improvements.
Work of 'Weather Burean.
An instance of the practical value of the
service of the ( weather bureau is found
In Its advance warnings of storms, like
the Key West hurricane of October 11,
1909. " From the first definite location of
the storm over the south central Carib
bean sea on October 4, until It procoeded
to the southern .extremity of Florida' and
panned Into the ocean on the 11th and 12th
of October, the bureau gave out dally ad
vices regarding Its Intensity and direction
In every stage of Its progress, with the
result that protective, measures follow
ing the receipt of the warnings reduced
the loss of both life and property to a
Two new river districts were established,
ope at Bismarck, N. D., and the other
at Wichita, Kan., for the purpose of fore
casting flood stages.
Scientific Investigations have been con
tinued at the Mount Weather Research
observatory, and additional knowledge of
conditions In the tipper atmosphere haa
been gained by means of kites and captive
balloons. The observations are resulting
in knowledge which la of practical value
In.' weather forecasting.
' Dry Land Farming.
Investigations In the great plains area
are now under way at thirteen stations.
The subjects of crop sequence, green
manuring, time and depth of plowing, ef
fect of Ullage before and after seeding,
and practically all the comMuatlons of
crop sequence and tillage methods for the
conservation of moisture are being studied.
Durum wheat haa ' become firmly estab
lished In the middle great p'ains region
and is being rapidly extended to the inter-mountain
dry-land section.
The total production, of durum wheat
for 1909 will probably be not less than
50.000,000 bushels. The spread of this type
of wheat haa been so great that the care
necessary to maintain the highest stand
ard of quality has not been given. Prog
ress waa made with barley, and rice by
the improvement of varieties, the Introduc
tion of new varieties, the improvement of
cultural methods, etc. Greater interest
was shown In all phases of corn, work
than in any previous year.
Studies are being made of the methods
and practices on the moat successful farms,
L"'-. - ' ' "jgfi I'lMirm ntumn,t,-hmi( mum ir - r r iintmnn i nil mi n il i mi t i mm iris il t i n"tr Tfc .win rrswr it "-"tni S'l-m,m "mmmm,mlmmmltr
r ! ! ! ! '"" " :.-.- -"i
Smiiiii unii iMiin mam awiiirifcfcM liMiiini iiwtfliiliifcfMiin i mum iiitmmii irurr " r iimh, tfct.M n mm 'ftrni in mm M,i.),itriiMinii1rt i iiir'j.inniinii nh t infr -inrr r n "" -. -"."- ' n .
' , , M , .im ..i I
Oil Hinittceipcesti
A recent ruling of the Post Office Department prohibits our
awarding in accordance with our advertised prqmise the, prizes
in our Golden Anniversary Contest. Our two former contests
conducted with such marked success to all concerned set high
our hopes for this the third contest. No one regrets more than
we our utter inability to comply with the original advertised
conditions of this contest. . Our plans for months past have been
laid with the object of meeting the heavy demands that we ex
pected would be made upon our stocks of high grade Pianos at
this season of the year and as an immediate result of this con
Goldeo Amisiiversary
Commemorating our half century of business existence and to make PRICES and TERMS that will not be passed by. Remem
ber when considering this sale that here we show 25 different makes of high grade, world renowned Pianos, including the cele
brated: . " i
Steiriway, Weber, Steger, Hartman, Emerson,
Mehlin, McPhail, A. B. Chase, Wheelock,
Stuyvesant, Steck and the Well Known
Hand-made Schmoller '(SL Mueller Pianos.
High grade makes that are not to be found elsewhere. Pur
chased in such great numbers to insure rock bottom prices. We
guarantee a saving of from $100.00 to $200.00 on any Piano pur
chased during this Golden Anniversary Piano Sale. But we go
still further than the furnishing of the highest quality and the
No Money Down, 30 Days Free
Trial..- Free Stool, Free Scarf,
. Free
Will bring to any home a Beautiful, Fully Guaranteed, Sweet Toned, High Grade Piano. This sale comes at the best time of
the year to secure your Piano, just before Christmas. But act immediately. Note the following list which are only a few of
actually hundreds of Piano bargains to be found on each and every floor of our salesrooms. Come tomorrow. Make your
selection. If you don't want the Piano delivered immediately we will set it aside, holding it, delivering it a day or two if you
desire, before Christmas. The important thing is to secure your instrument before our stocks have been reduced. They will be
sold quickly. Music lovers everywhere know that a sale at Schmoller & Mueller's is a genuine sale. A sale which includes
the furnishing of the highest quality, the best Piano. Which means the saving of the most money. And as we have shown, the
giving of the most liberal, the most unheard-of terms. Note the various instruments here offered. Then come, or if you can't
come, write for all particulars. We guarantee as great satisfaction in filling your order by mail as if you were here and per
sonally selected the Piano.
$250 Story & Camp, Cottage Upright, $G5
$G00 Steinway, Grand Square J75
$300 Kimball, Ebony case 85
$350 Sterling, Walnut case .$95
$150 Columbus, nearly new $105
$300 Singer, Mahogany case 5j115
$350 Ivers & Pond $130
$250 Stetson, Flemish Oak $138
Organs Mason & Hamlin,
1311-13 Farnam Street.
Phones Douglas
and the results used by way of dumon
strations sjiJ ' experlnif nts. The use of
Ugumlnous crops In suitable rotations In
the south has been encouraged and Im
proved methods of savin- the seed by the
usa of machinery have been established In
various localities.
. !r nionatrat loa Work.
Rapid strides have been made In this
work throughout the south. It Is an effort
to help the farmer to help himself. It
reachea and convinces all classes and ap
parently is the only means by which raplj
and radical changes of methods long es
tablished can be secured. From one field
agent six years axo the number has In
creased 863, and from on farm under
Delivery, Then: SjI a
$285 Milton, Mahogany case. . .$145
$225 Norwood, Oak case $155
$350 New Sample Piano $168
$375 Cramer, Walnut case $185
$375 Mueller, Concert Grand. . .$190
$350 Steger $225
$325 Merrifield $235
$700 Checkering &
Kimball, Estey, Packard and a score of others $10.00, $15.00,
1625; Iod. A1625
supervision to more than 60.000 farms, In
cluding those classed us cooperating.
Btate agricultural colleges enrolled more
students than In iny preceding year. .The
biennial appropriations of several of them
have now reached th half-million mark;
eight completed expensive buildings dur
ing the year. New agricultural colleges
were established In Hawaii and Porto Rico.
Additional agricultural high schools were
founded in four states, and five states pro
vided for teaching agriculture la general
high schools. Hoys' and girls' agricul
tural clubs now have a membership of
150,000. The department proposes to supply
literature to pupils oven mora freely In the
(Co. 1
test. We have bought from a score of manufacturers. We have
bought heavier than ordinary conditions would warrant. Now
with the contest falling short of our original plans we find every
foot of floor space on our five floors crowded and crammed to
overflowing with the highest grade line of Pianos ever assem
bled in the West.
Something must be done. Ordinary selling conditions will
not help us. Extraordinary measures alone will relieve our di
lemma, our over-crowded salesrooms. We have decided to inaug
urate a
giving of the lowest prices. Money is not our immediate object.
We must move our stock and would rather that music lovers in
Omaha, in Nebraska and throughout the West should have the
advantages of this sale and the opportunity to secure the long
desired Piano under terms that may not be approached or
granted elsewhere. From now until December 25th these terms:
Son $255
Omaha, Neb.
I am Interested In your Golden Anniversary Piano Sale, and
If I can save money, secure a bigh grade instrument at the term"
which you name, 1 shall he pleased to have all lnformaton that
will enable me to decide whether to authorize you to make L
selection for me. Please send catalogues, your complete llat of
bargains and all other information.
B. x
1859 1
future than In the past.
Itegular farmers' institute meetings num
bered 4,928, with 10.210 half-day sessions
and total attendance of 2.UX3.663. Ktate
appropriations for institutes were $33fi.0u0.
There were eight normal Institutes for tlie
training of Institute teachers. Twenty-ouie
states held Institutes especially for women.
Fourteen states ran railroad sped lis In
connection with farmers' Institutes, the
expense being often borne by the railroads.
Movable schools of agrioultore registered
1.W0 studonts. ' ' - '
itee Want Ads Are tne Best Business
Boosters. '
if 4y v r ' .-" "ifL - Vv5 si
$450 Chase, Walnut case $265
$450 Emerson, San Domingo Mahog. $285
$600 Hardman, Art style $110
$650 Steinway, Mahogany $450
$700 Angelus, Player Piano $150
$750 Steger, Player Piano $400
$750 Electric Player, big bargain. . .$160
$1,500 Steinway, Concert Grand $450
$20.00, $25.00 and Up.
Dose a Tenons Are Injured In Wreck
ou the Pennsylvania.
PlTTSUT'Ita. Nov. aa-More than a
dozen persons were injured, a number
seriously, when the tlnlontown, and 1'ltU
burg express train, No. 101, on-Ute. Jfenn
sylvauia railroad left' the track at 8:40
today at Manor, fa., near here, and ran
Into a ditch.
Th train consisted of a baggag mts
mall car, three coaches and a parlor ear.
Th caus of th wreck is not known.