Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, October 10, 1909, EDITORIAL, Page 9, Image 18

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Get Book of
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7? rt' prove
Every Caim
Made J or this
Little Car.
The Car of
This is the Cole 30.
Have you ever seen anything as pretty?
You won't ride in anything as sweet.
You will never get anything as cheap.
The Cole 30 is a demonstration of the ability of automo
bile people to make a good car and place its price within reason.
The Cole .might as well be sold for twice the amount of
money. ,
But for carrying from 3 to 5 passengers, with proper weight
and power, a car can be built as well as any car in the world
for $1,500.
, The Cole people are the first to prove this.
They will prove .more.
We will demonstrate' to your satisfaction, that the Cole is
even quieter, speed, for speed than any car at any price.
30, 1,500
Superb and Silent Service "
In a word friction is reduced to about nothing. And
friction means wear, trouble, repair bills.
There is nothing cheap about the Cole. Its motor is the
best. The same that is used only in the highest priced cars. It
uses Brown's sharp gears throughout. Nobody makes better
or higher priced gears.
The motor, clutch and transmission are assembled in
one compact unit. Engineers acknowledge the superiority of
this construction. The Cole has double ignition system,
three speed and selective type sliding gear, straight shaft drive,
Hyatt roller bearings throughout, springs the best, two sets of
brakes, all of which operate on rear wheel. What, then, is the
secret of the moderate price? Simply that the manufacturers
have forgotten the traditional 200 per cent in auto proits and
have asked a sane manufacturer's profit, that's all.
Phones; Doug. 1298, Ind. A2189
1824 Farnam Street
Now Being Fought by Cape Cod
Canal Engineers.
Oprufl to Them r Stoma, M'ltdi
Hm T Isaae Is, Cam the
Eatraare to the Canal
be Kept Opeaf
BOSTON, Oct. I. Th-' are Jut scooping
and along the Cape Cod canal and not
aaylnj a word. Probably no canal of sim
ilar Importance was ever built with less
noise and blustrr than has so (ar marked
the progress of this work.
There are no great rut to D made, with
consequent use of tons of explosives no
rattle of machinery drilling through roclra
and overhanging cliffs, no epensive con
demnation suits to be aired In the courts,
no villages to be destroyed nor expensive
properties to be torn aay to make way
for the courre of the tanol. It is simply a
case of digging and digging and digging,
and Just ketplng everlastingly at it from
sunrise to sunset.
If you walk along the line of the survey,
which Is now definitely set forth, you
will understand viiy this la true. Natur.
has given the builders of 11'. 13 waieraa
a lot of assistance. In the fhst pUie t:u
eight m!ls wlili It it is nerrstary tj cut
across to connect the waters of Muszard
bay a iv J Cape Cod bay Is made up In chltf ty
the Mtuiument riser I.' tiie south and the
Sen wii t river tp the north, while separating
them I a ridge that at l.s h:gh. polm
ilwvs got exceed thirty feet above sea level.
In J he cond place the whal-- of ihn
gterra swtpt aim of Maaachusetts, from
It Is Joined ottio the mainland to
fts lernunatkn at li ovln. e.on. Is of a
xiiius gevgraphioal forn.a:ion. ICveiy-
wl.ere It Is fiat, with but few hi.U. atd is
ii.a;iHtd almost entlicly of sand and
When one considers the apparent ease
with whkn a canal here may be built and
also iuti,o,i the Iops tf life, of ships and
of oargoej luch the freiiuent fogs and the
tipoifti of 11. e sandy coa.t to north
east Slori.ib have caused one wonders why
a channel . nill constructed n.any years
ago for the seeing traffic betwee the
Massachusetis end djn east pons and
those to the south.
You will neany have rea-hed the end of
your waik atro.. the cape from Busaaids
bay before you com up, n the real obs acle
that has hitherto dls, onrased engineers and
financiers. At the southern entrance to the
renal Huiard bay is UndUnked and af
fords an excellent harbor, but the northern
tntic is d.rectiy from l.arn.tabie bay,
fjj.-h has no natural protection. This body
hiTwater. aseverybedy kr,us who has seen
it la winter, is open to the fury of storms
from the uorth and northwest.
The builders of the cum uw
then, was their most serious problem. If
tl.y bad not realised it dont the verv
outline of the coast thiy would have die
entered It frMM what remains of a fcrmer
effort at canal building. For here lies
great ditch Into which twenty-five
years ago men dumped 11,000.000 with as
little result as though they had dumped
the money Into quicksands.
The old work Itself remains, but the
connection with the bay Is sealed as closely
u If It never existed. The relentless
storms have piled the sand high along th
beach and piled it so tightly into the gap
that men endeavored to make In the shore
line that not even a s'gn of it remains.
Itow these foioner builders hoped to
overcome the difficulty is not material,
but the present builders have gone deeply
Into the subject and after' much study
of tides and winds have undertaken a
renewed struggle with the elements.
William Barclay Parsons, the chief en
gineer of the work, proposes to provide
protection against the winds by building
a breakwater out beyond the Jetties.
This breakwater will be 1.000 feet long,
running In an east and west direction and
extending to a six fathom curve at low
water so that vessels entering from the bay
even In rough weather will be able to ob
tain smooth conditions before going lntj
the canal. This, of-course, la the work of
the canal company, but it Is expected that
In addition the United States government
will construct a harbor of refuge by the
building of other breakwaters, so that ves
sels after having passed the canal may lie
st anchor until they are ready to continue
their voyage.
It is upon this great stone work that the
noiiey of the company will be expended
I 'w4 that the genius of the engineers will
be put to the test. The Jetties are already
tnklng on a definite form from the pile of
lock that lies out In the bay and another
pile that lies on the beach.
Schooners with granite from the rucijed
Cape Ann coast are dally discharglnn
their loads Into the devouring sands.
That the beach has already begun to
collect its toll from the cana! builders Is
evidenced by the werckage of lighters
that may be seen around the construc
tion works.
il." who ar familiar with the
conditions of th coast and have all their
lives bstlltd with its tides and winds find
an almost eudl. s subject of discussion in
this effott to control the shifting, treach
erous sand. They are arguir.g long and
jealously whether after all the Jetties will
not collect sand fast enough to choke up
the canal entrance unl it is constantly
The old canal, which looks not unlike a
ditch, will save the excavators some work,
for It will be turned over to the use of the
new builders, and the line of the survey
passes through Its center for Its entire
length. From Its beach end. choked now
with its marsh weeds and grass, to its end
ing In a pasture It stands as a melancholy
reminder of one of the most Important
of ths many projects that were formerly
advanced for a Cape Cod canal.
It was a project of F. A. Lockwood.
who hsd Invented a dredg which he had
made an unsuccessful effort to sell to the
French government when it was engaged
In the construction of the Panama canal.
He Interested capitalists in Lis fchemc
and for a time It seeuied that the canal
would really be built. But the dredge
proved rather -poor after all, aa It was
out of order about half the time, and Mr.
Leckwood's death brought an end to the
efforts of this particular company. He had
succeeded, however, in digging a channel
one mile long, 100 feet wide and sixteen
feet deep.
His scheme was not by any means the
only one that has ever been advanced for
the building of a Cape Cod canal. Hack as
far as lii76 one of the citixena of Sand
wich had the idea of making a continuous
waterway by Joining the two rivers. The
records of the Massachusetts Hay colony
show that an order for a survey of a
waterway at tills same point was entered
and that Central Thomas Machln, an en
gineer of reputation, was appointed to su
perintend the work. The outbreak of the
revolution, however, checked, this plan at
a very early siage.
In ITU and again in 1S18 the most famous
engineer of the ouy, Loamtnl Baldwin,
made several surveys based uuun tuoe Of
llaciiin and recommended the building, of
the canal. Again nothing was done, and
the project was forgotten until ISti, when
a 1 tpi esemaive from Massachusetts In
duced President Monroe to recommend in
his annual message that a commission be
appointed to determine the advisability of
the consiruoilon of the canul by the fedora,
In lxbu and again in 1876 plans for the
building of the canal were revived, but
thsy all came to nothing1. Then followed
a lung s.rles o( private schemes either o!
vis'onary creamers or of swindlers whos
effort fcav no promise of success. In
most of Hie projeots mismanagement and
dishonesty were the chief characteristic,
and In none of them were more than a fw
spadefuls of taith turned. Not until Lock
woods time was actual work on a canal
pioject undertaken.
hrom the land end of the old Lockwood
canal the survey of tiie present canal
crosses the line between the towns of
randwlcli and Bourne and continue foi
soma distance parallel with the Old Colony
railroad. At this point much of the .puce
between the canal and the railroad la oc
cupied by the works of a car manufactur
ing company, one of the Industries that
have already received a great iaipetus in
growth from the canal propect.
To the north of this factory, In plain
view of all passing trains. Is a high hill
which has bten denuded of vege.allun.
leaving a great scar of yellow sand, which
la confidently pointed out by wUe travelers
as the Culebra cut of the canal. In reality,
however, It has nothing to do with the.
construction work, but has been cut away
by the car company to secure sand for
fill ng in its land.
The canad passes more than a quarter
of a mile to the south from the base of
this hillside. Digging here is easy and
nothing tars ths way until the highway
near the BournedaU station la reached.
Here are two small houses, the first along
the line (hat it Is necessary to move. II
was feared that the independent Cape Cod
spirit of the owners might cause them to
refuse to sil their property, but they were
quit reasonable about It and sold their
hcuus Immediately to the company, with
the priyje.e wf living in them fr five
years after they had been moved back
som. ten or fifteen feet. '
A short distance further on Is 'what must
have once been a fine old Cape Cod place,
but the buildings have fallen almost to
ruins and will meet a merciful end when
they give way to the advance of progress.
As Is often the case with the building of
public Improvements, the construction of
the canal will bring about the destruction
of many places replete with the history
and tradition of Cape Cod people.
The old Perry homestead, which was built
by ancestors of August Belmont, who once
owned the entire strip of land through
which the canal will pass, has already been
torn down. The Tupper house, which was
built In 1&T7 and which descended from
father to oon for generation after genera
tion, with never a transfer or a mortgage
appearing on the record for 2TI years, has
been purchased by the canal company and
will also be razed. The old Pope tavern at
Sandwich, which Daniel Webster frequently
visited, will lie Just outside of the canal
The old station at Bournedale lies In the
course of the canal and will be removed.
Another landmark which the plans will re
quire to be removed Is the old bridge at
Uuzxard Bay. This will be replaced by a
drawbridge, and the Buzzards Bay station
will be south of the Monument river In
stead of north as it is at present placed.
This railroad will also cause some change
in the appearance of Gray Gabies, where,
It will be remembered, the nation's summer
capital was located during President Cleve
land's administration, for on part of the
property the new railway station will be
built, near the Buzzards Bay entrance to
Hie car. si.
The canal gone Is 1.000 feet wide, thi
uidth of the canal at the top will be from
ft W feet, and 125 feet at the bottom.
The deptn of tne canal, as originally
p.arned, was twer.ty-flve feet, which is suf
ficient for the passage of traffic vessels.
Bui the inurtst that ha. ueen arjusei 1..
the canal since the beginning of the work
and the talk of the deep waterway aloni
the Atlantic coast may make an important
change in the depth and may requl e 'rid
digging of five additional feet for the pass
ing of war vessels.
A party for the securing of data for a
report to the convention of the Atlantic
Deeper Waterways association at Norfolk
in November recently went over th' line
and made an Inspection of the work. Be
sides the president of the association an
several members of the congressional c .m
mlt tecs, the government was represerted
by Colonel J. C. San ford, engineer of the
Newport district. After the report of this
body haa been acted upon something more
definite aa to the full extent of changes In
plans will develop.
Upon this. loo. will depend to a great ex
tent the time of the completion of the work.
Mr. Parsons thinks that if the depili 1
mains twenty-five feel the canal will ba
finished In two years The additional depth
will entail the consumption of at least
another year of work.
The canal la not a channel for local
traffic," aaid Mr. Parsons in discussing th
company's plans, "but is essentially a ship
canal for ocean-going vessels In through
service. The figures of proposed depth and
width of the Cape Cod canal show that It
will be of the same general character as
to size as the great ship canals of the
world, and the dimensions are amply suf
ficient to accommodate all vessels engaged
In the coastwise traffic at any stage of tldo
and permit them to pass In opposite direc
tions without hindrance.
"The Increase In our coast traffic of
recent years has been stupendous, but the
conditions under which it Is handled have
changed. I refer to the replacement of the
old schooner with the tug and barge.
"Today the gTeater part of the coal
traffic between New England. New York,
Philadelphia and Norfolk Is handled In
barges, usually two or three In number,
behind an oceangoing tug. Reference to
the statistics of the Boston Chamber of
Commerce show the extent to which this
new method of transportation has super
seded the od. and the thing that strikes
one In these statistics la the small increase
In vesel number and the large Increase In
vessel tonnage. While the total number
of steamers remain substantially the same
sailing vessels have decreased 25 per cent
In number and the barges have Increased
more than Si per cent In number.
"The loss of life and property In round
ing the cape, where there are an average
of 100 foggy days a year, has always been
appalling, but It would be greater In the
future. A schooner might live through the
terrific hurricanes, but a tug could never
expect to do ao, while the chances of such
a vessel passing safely through the tor
tuoua channel of Vineyard sound on a dark
night with all Its barges In tow are remote
in the extreme.
"Wltll the Cape Cod canal established the
great source not only of danger but of
delay will have been removed and the tow
ing companies can estimate with reason
able certainty upon the time of departure
and arrival of their tugs, in fact with a
much greater certainty than for a similar
shipment by rail."
telling her exact age, we are certain she
Is in her teens.
After the exposition Columbia's mother
traveled throughout the United mates with
a circus. Later the baby went back to
Labrador with her grandfather and grand
mother, to live in Eskimo lend. Soma time
after this Columbia's mother went to Lab
rador as the agent of a eompany to get
Eskimos for the Paris exposition. Co
lumbia and her mother and grandparents
crossed the ocean. They also traveled In
Africa and throughout Bpaln.
Unique Boost of Rich Farmer on
ilaantila Top la Okla
homa. One of the most successful farmers of
the Pialrie Grove Okl.) section, who is an
active member of the National Farmers'
union, hss dwelled In a cave for years. It
Is probably the most palatial cave in the
world and Is fitted up with all modern con
veniences. Including hot and cold water,
electrle fans, electrlo lights and steam
heat. He discovered the cave at the top of
a mountain, I.7O0 feet high.
It Is seventy-eight feet long by twenty
five feet wide, and thirty-two feet high.
The. walls are of beautiful granite, which
has been handsomely polished. The celling
Is forty feet thick. The front of the cave
Is of glass, which the owner and occupant,
H. 8. Mobley, put in, together with hard
wood floors. The flues for the cooking
range pass out through the mouth of the
cave and extend outward a distance of
nearly forty feet. Movable screens permit
the Increase and reduction of rooms at the
pleasure of the occupants. A fine spring
at the top of the mountain furnishes water
through a private system of water works.
This novel dwelling was completed about
two years ago. It Is approached by a beau
tiful road ascending thu crest of the moun
tain by easy stages, and the grounds about
the cave are kept in perfect condition. The
occupants declare that It Is the coolest
dwelling In summer and the most comfort
able in winter, and they have no fear of
cyclone, which are frequent In that re
gion. Neither heat nor cold penetrate the
(olid protection of yards of granite.. Mr.
Mobley says he will live in the cave for
the rest of his life. The cave la In easy
driving distance of town. St. Louis Republic.
Marathoa In PlankTlli.
"Pop." said the farmer's boy, "I hava
been reading a lot about these Marathon
these days and I'd like to enter some."
"All right, my lad," hastened the old
man, taking a freeh chew of tobacco. "Just
yeou go down to th woodpile and start a
woodchopptng Marathon and when yeou
ar through you can use the sawdust to
play circus. Now, who says I'm not a con
siderate father?" Chicago New.
Colaaabla, front Labrador, Won from
all torn era al the Seattle
SEATTLE. Oct. 10 The prize awarded
the most beautiful woman by the Judge
at the Alaska-xukor.-Pac.fic exposition at
Seattle was not given to a white womati,
a negro or an oriental, but to one of the
red ra'-e. an Eskimo girl named Columbia,
fium tl.e southern coast of I.abrador. All
the vltltois to the fair were allowed to
compete in the "beauty contest." All they
had to do was to visit the exposition in
their best bib and tucker, where they
might be seen by the unknown Judge ming
ling in the crowd
The prize was a valuable piece of Se
attle propei ty, a lot in the residential sec
tion. The deed to thte property Columbia
now exhibits with great pi id and her
mother never lets a friend go by until he
or she has seen the document.
Columbia mother was one of the Eski
mo brought from Labrador to be exhibited
at the World Columbian exposition in
Chicago in 1J. Columbia was born soon
after, so that uv, while she is stay of
Some one told me
you were in need
of a Buggy
I am soiling ALL of MY Bug
gies, Carriages, Delivery
Wagons, Harness; Whips,
etc., at COST and even loss.
REASON WHY-1 need more room in this
building;, for my rapidly growing Automo
bile Rebuilding Department.
Buys that "Lenox Trap" Monday
"l5 less each day until sold"
y CM Bfl Kl E)
18th and Harney Streets