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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 31, 1908)
THE OMAHA DAILY BEE: THURSDAY. IWKMBKI? ?, 'H0S.
The Omaiia Daily Bee.
FOUNDED BT EDWARD ROSBWATER.
. VICTOR ROBEWATER, EDITOR.
Entered at Omthl postofflce second
TERMS Or SUBSCRIPTION.
Daily Bee (without Sunday), one J""-1!?
t;aily Bee and Sunday, ona year -w
DELIVERED BT CARRIER.
Dally Pea (including Sunday), Pr we,,J- )!
Dally Uea (without Sunday), per week..ic
Evening Baa (without Sunday), per ?
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Sunday Be, ona year iut
Saturday Km, one year ."U;,".
Address all complalnta of Irregularities in
4elfvery to City Circulation department.
Oman Th Bee Building.
South Omaha-Twenty-fourth ana
Council Bluffa-IB Scott Street.
IJncolnRU Little Building.
Chlcag-1M8 Marquette gliding
New Tark-Rooms 1101-UOI No. 2
Thirty-third Street. i , w
Weahlngton-72S Fourteenth Street.
Communications relating to Jha
tonal matter ahould b addressed. Oroana
Baa, Editorial Department.
Remit by draft. express or P"'V,otder
payable to Tha Baa Publish r.g "m.n'f
Only 2-eent stamps received In Pvmn or
mall accounta. Person 1 checka. except on
Omaha or eaatarn exchangee, not accepteo.
STATEMENT OF CTRCTLATION.
StaYa af Nebr.sk Douglas Co""tyVf The
Oem-ge B. Taachuck. "7r, ;weV
Bee Publishing company. being duly wo
.... that tha actual number ot fn"
complete eoplea of Tha Pally.
Brerrlng and Bea printed durm.tn.
tnontn OT wovtraow, wean
II... ....... W.BS0
Iff ST .ISO
is. ' f-"
Leas unsold and returned ooples,
rtallw ak ara a
QBORC.E B. TZSCHUCK.
Subscribe In my presence end sworn to
before me thla ut VALKiB.
. . WHEN OCT OF TOW.
- kMriken teawlasi
orartlr ehonl Tha B
analleS to tkaaa. Aadreee will 1
CaasnVBVsV94 AS CtVM ftflNttft
Hurry up, girls! There are still a
few eligible bachelors In Omaha.
The consumer will have difficulty in
discovering any grounds for a coffee
Pittsburg Is apparently , the center
of the American sieei ana steai maua
tries. ' 1
At, is tio wonder that Pittsburg poli
ticians are anxious to get into the city
haul. . ' "
Castro has been divorced from Ven
esuela, but he collected his alimony
,'ine irOUOie WllB Mr. nurnumu ju
now is plain, inaigestion ana qui mui-
.There's a hearsay report to the ef
fect that a dangerous counterfeit
1200-blll is in circulation.
Which reminds us that reducing
telephone rates also reduces the city's
income from the 2 per cent royalty.
Kehraaka ta a nrettv rood Diace to
live In. It is free from earthquakes,
volcanio eruptions, tidal waves and
General Bell declares
American array is antiquated, but it Is the finest Scotch whisky is made at hlp as a newspaper reporter In Crip
pretty certain that no other nation will Peoria. Pittsburg makes a French Pie Creek in its boom period. That
attempt to prove It.
Senator Elkins has bought a Wash-
Ington bank, evidently considering it
a better investment than the purchase
of an Italian duke. I
It Is but fair to state that there are
other people in Pittsburg besides mil
lionaires, grafters and candidates for
the United States senate.
Mr, Omeltch still Insists that he has
been '.elected lieutenant governor of
Omiasouri. but the courts will have to
decide whether he has or gnot.
. w -- -
Prof. Ferrero says that President
Roosevelt is a dual personality, but
some congressmen are certain that
there are more than two of him.
There are said to be 17,000 vacant
houses In Glasgow. Tbe owners ought
to move them to Omaha, where they
would have little trouble In renting
Tha Porto Kicans want a tax or &
cents a pouna vn an mu rxctrpi mai
raised m rono tueo. is always me
other fellow's business Jthat should be
Doubtless congress would be willing
to remove the tariff on the made-ln-
Germany muxzlea tor chief executives
if it thought they could be used in this
Cuba's new president does not un
derstand English, so be will probably
have an excuse ready at hand when he
violates the provisions ot the Piatt
. .. i .v. u . .
inimu liara; uyu mi iu aumo-
. . ...
cratle members of ne nouse are not
agreed upon their plans for tariff re-
vision. H la natural for democrats to
.When it conies down to business,
those boastful Jacksonlans will be like
the man who rolls his fist In his
pocket. They .will not even have a
.andldate to contest with Mayor Jim
(or his second term nominatloa.
ITALTS GREAT CALAMITT.
The whole civilised world is ap
palled at the great calamity which has
been brought upon southern Italy by
a destructive earthquake.
Instead of showing that the loss of
life and property Indicated by the first
reports were exaggerated, later infor
mation seems to disclose additional
devastation and greater fatalities than
In the face of such an awful vislta-
tlon ot nature no human preventives
or precautions can avail to ward off
the death-dealing blow, but relief and
rescue from further danger or ex
posure become the Immediate and
This work of relief and rescue is
already under way and, so far as out
side help may be required, the philan-
throplc and humanitarian spirit ot the P"" for years and are now proceed
more favored people of the United ,n t0 them nto effect with a
. . vigor and promptness that are rare in
States may be counted on to assist. thj
The American National Red Cross Under the old reglme the BuUan
society baa already opened subscrip- grew rich year by year, spent millions
tlon lists, for the contributions
which we bespeak liberal response.
Talk has always been proverbially
cheap, but the prospects are that In
Omaha talk will be cheaper yet. This
line of cheaD talk is not to be confined
to the hot air variety, nor yet to the
political oratory which on occasions is
to be had without price of admission,
nor yet to the curtain lecture, ordl-
narlly pulled off behind closed family
doors, but it Is to be provided by a
January clearance sale at 60 per cent
off for telephone communication by
the automatic route.
In thla nartlrulnr instance talk il
Railway commission, which has been
o van (iirl.fltotlon nvip vnlcA traffic US
..-.- in. in.l.t. that
the free pM. ,mu.t R0 Aether in the
form of free trial telephone service or
free corporeal transportation. In vin
dication of Nebraska's motto, "Equal
ity before the law," if anyone is to
talk for nothing, everyone must talk
for nothing; and if anyone must pay
to talk, everyone must pay on the
The only question yet to develop is
whether the reduced tariff on talk is
ha nnartl ap ffriAreltf lnral. and
ww ,h Mnn1. n,,M not
talk for nothlng when trial telephone
service was offered will now pay for
the privilege under the allurement of
TO PREVENT IMITATIONS.
Congressman Hull of Iowa has of
fered a bill in congress making it
misdemeanor to manufacture for sale
or transportation in this country "1ml-
tated articles of commerce unless such
articles are so made aa to show the
exact materials used in making, ine
bill is a lengthy one and so broad in
ac0De a8 to apply IO every aniCie
of comTOerce recognized as a suoject
of transportation and sale under the
rules of the Interstate Commerce com-
mission. Foods, clothing, furniture
and all articles of domestic use would
come under the provisions of the
The bill furnishes another illustra-
tion of the distorted ideas of enforcing
pure food and antl-lmltatlon laws, by
confusing trademarks with terms that
have become recogniie.a as sianaaras.
The best French peas in tne worm are
1 ... n... , , j
in thi. unntitrv mar an I n nr.m
est Enellsh mutton cnops are iur
nished by Montana-grown aheep and
plate glass that Is admittedly superior
to the Imported article and the New
England .woolen mills turn out Eng-
it8h, Scotch and Canadian tweeds that
ran nnt ho enualled anvwhere. The
Turk, are said to set most of their
Tnrwi.h r-ifarettea from this country
and the finest Havana cigars are made
in New York.
The consumer is entitled to protec
tion against fraudulent attempts at
trafficking upon an established reputa
tion and is assured of thla protection
under the trademark and copyright
Tw , .k 1 .
P"ing steles on the market under
a utMtlBuauuu mm aiuiuiy luaurca ua
standard, so long as the article carries
full value and no deception Is prac
tlced in its sale. . .
THE If A TIOX 8. KA YA L RATISO.
"The Navy Year Book," compiled
Uy the clerk of the senate committee
on naval affairs, gives the United
Statea second place among sea powers,
beln(t aeCond only to Great Britain,
The cla88iflcation will cause much dis-
aa the author of the book
makes the rating by considering only
tbe number and displacement of hlp in the impending Nebraska legis
armored ships, and it may be argued nature la resolving itself Into a ques-
with much force that many other ele-
menu enter into the power of a navy
which, if considered, would probably
ank the United Statea third or even
fourth in tha list of naval powers.
The strength of the pavy does not
r.n.ni unnii the number of battle-
ships nor the amount of armor carried.
but must be based on the ships, their
anna, colliers, number of men and
their experience, together with defl
I nil. .JhAptriMi tn nrnffmm nf rift-
l. . - J . ..u.l
Teiopiucnv u ..., "-'"
construction, on mis acore me rating
01 tne mitea mate mr iruiu niu,
as each congress makes or mars the
plans of the naval chiefs and may at
any time adopt a course mat would
reduce the American navy down the
As it stands today, our navy Is
doubtless equipped to ' meet any
emergency that, may arise requiring
Its service in actual war. What is yet
required is that congress should es
tablish a fixed program of appropria
tions from year to year that will main.
tain the present standard and efll
clency. There should be no extrava
Igance at one session to be offset by
parsimony at the next.
REAL REFORMERS AT WORk.
The. Young Turks, who are back of
the administrative revolution in Tur
key, have already started upon the
consummation ot a program of real
reform that must occasion surprise
among the statesmen of other coun-
tries. As a rule outsiders have been
discounting the promises made and
have expected the change in the gov
ernment to result chiefly in a transfer
of the graft from the sultan to those
who have succeeded in getting control
away from him. The Young Turks
have evidently been considering their
and hoarded others, while the re
sources of the empire were neglected.
The Young Turks have already in
augurated an immense scheme for the
Irrigation of the valleys of the Tigris
and Euphrates. These vast plains,
with an area five times as great as the
fertile valley of the Nile, have lain
waste for centuries, although there
are still traces ot the irrigation ditches
used in biblical days. Is is estimated
that the region may be brought under
cultivation and made fertile again at
a very small expense, bringing pros
perity to a section of the empire whose
residents are now miserably poor.
The funds of the empire are at low
ebb and the Young Turks have deter
mined not only to reduce expenses, but
to also ascertain where the sultan got
his millions and how much of this
saving belongs to the people. The sul
tan is credited with having a fortune
of $370,000,000, and the reformers
are asking how he got it and want it
restored if found to have been di
verted from the public treasury to the
sultan's private purse, as is generally
believed. The new leaders have al
ready begun lopping oft expenditures
by reducing the sultan's list ot per
sonal physicians from 380 to eight
and by cutting his staff of colonels
from 800 to thirty. The sultan also
mamiainea at government expanse an
army of ples' 'mo8' M costly M th
uppo.rt of .the TurkUh arm The
11 . . . a,8TMe? V0" tne Mrv,ce
and it is estimated that the changes
already made will result in a saving
of several millions annually to the
government and the taxpayers.
The discharged officials, thousands
in number, are naturally talking of a
counter-revolution, but the taxpayers
Lre lenain- Bucn loy.i .nrjDort to the
Dlana of the Yotin t- ka tn , th
Iook l8 for permanency in the re-
if rm8 ... th con.enuent intruo.
tlon of Turkev into th- n.r nr mnim
There are other legislatures besides
Nebraska's in which the democrats
have majorities. Mr. Bryan might
try to persuade the democratic legls-
latures in Colorado, Indiana, Missouri
and the states constituting the solid
South to shear the speaker of his com
mlttee appointments. It a powerless
speaker is good for Nebraska, why not
for the other democratic law-making
It has been discovered that the pri
vate secretary to the new governor of
Nebraska went through n apprentice-
ougni io equip mm inorougniy to sift
our. me oomo mrowers and pistol
toters from among the throngs that
penetrate to the outer walls of the ex-
Tbe Popularity of the commission
P'n ol municipal government is no
longer at us neignt. Those cities
which have been experimenting with
commissioners have discovered that
there may be good and bad commis
sioners Just as well as good and bad
wuuiv uauuiKiuicii are insisting
that benzonate of soda, the use of
mai oenzonaie or soaa. the use of
whlch ,n cannad g00ds la prohlblte(j
by the pure food law, Is really health
ful. If that's true, the manufacturers
should quit protesting agalnat having
the label show that the drug Is being
The London News tells how Carrie
Nation pointed her finger at a Dundee
barkeeper and told him that he sold
poison and was a naughty man. Ta ft
possible that Carrie is auallfvln for
admission to the Mollycoddle club?
The contest over tbe house clerk
tlon whether the members prefer to
have the bills read in a tremulo voice
or in a Dasso proiunao.
.ir ui n.o is working
? rejection OI nl. 0la col.
I'"6" ..vv,. rw.Cr. oenator
I lasa nkiim Qavi t7A... a a. .
cn e ! wagon at a long
I""""""' " ""ses.
Carnegie's reference to Judge
Garv of the Steel trnat aa " rv
I ....... .
rhiel" la beine lnternritrarf n
different ways. As
s. as a matter of fact,
it Is Scotch for "a smooth guy."
A Kansas City man reports that he
ioat mo on bis way home the night
before Christmas. What business has
la man wun mai mucn money tbe
night befor Christmas?
A dea mute in New York has been
J sued for divorce, his wits alleging that
he cursed her with his fingers. Just
another tase where actions speak
louder than words.
If this dinner by the retiring presi
dent becomes a fixture the . School
board may be expected to amend Its
rules so aa to elect a new president
Haa He the GaocUf
At least, concerning the proposition
ralae the vice president's salary to 125.000,
It will ba enthusiastically supported If It
author will point out aome way to get 25,010
worth of work from that official.
Where Llberwtora Come aad Go.
These South American "liberators" often
live to see their countries liberated by a
successor. Gomes has liberated Venesue la
from Castro. How many pages forward
In the book of destiny Is the liberator from
- Safety 1m Shaving.
If that crank who tried to pull President
Falllerea' beard has any Imitators In thla
country there ara two distinguished Ameri
cans who may have to keep their faces
shaved clean or maintain a bodyguard until
the erase Is over.
Wheat the Bom Speaks.
Senator A id rich says the country Is not
ready for postal aavlngs banks, and when
Aldrlch says the country Isn't ready for
anything the moat dignified deliberative
body on earth may generally be expected
to decide that tha country Isn't, no matter
what tha country Itself may think.
Oar I'aclSe Naval Baae.
Four hundred marines are going as a
garrison to Hawaii, where extensive work
In building fortlflcatlona and creating a
great dry dock and supply station Is under
way. Tha government aeema at length to be
waking up to tha fact that thla archipelago
needs development and protection. Five
per cent of the money that haa been spent
on the Philippines would have made Hawaii
an impregnable naval base, whose value
to tha Paclflo coast would have been
normous for many generations.
Upholding? the Coantry'e Faith.
Bt. Louis Times.
Roosevelt shows one of his many aides
in his attitude toward the Harrlman Salton
Sea claim. When the Southern Pacific
and the government agreed upon a plan to
divert tha Colorado river back to Its old
course. It was understood that the nation
would pay a share of the cost. A hitch haa
occurred. Now comes the president wlfh
threats of another message unless the claim
settled. The fact that he and Harrlman
are not on writing terma has nothing to do
with It; the prealdent la standing by his
word and the country's faith.
There can be no long-felt or deeply seri
ous depression from financial panic In a
country whose agricultural production Is
Increasing at the rate of $300,000,000 a year.
Nearly $8,000,000,000 of new wealth was
brought up out of the ground in the year
Just coming to a close, or $80 per capita on
a basis of 100.000,000 population an Increaae
of more than a third of a billion over the
soli production of 1907. These are farm
values based on prices paid the producer,
and the Increase haa come despite tho
fact that cotttoh and hay, the second and
third crops vli importance, meaaured by
aggregate valifcv have experienced a heavy
slump In prloe aa compared with the prices
prevalent a year ago.
Almost anybody who reads the news
papers can alt down with a paper and pen
cil and build a cabinet for the next presi
dent of the United States. All that la re
quired la a knowledge of people who bulk
large In their varloua professions and con
sideration of those who. like F. H. Hitch
cock, have performed notable at-rvlcea for
the party, such aa running a steam roller.
Cabinet making for persona who have noth
ing else to do la almost aa Interesting as fit
ting together one of those cardboard
pussies. Among the nine cabinet offices It
Is almost Impossible not to guess at least
one, and ao every person who has nothing
else to do Is making his little guess. Quite
a harmless occupation, assuredly.
ACCOUNTABILITY OF EMPLOYES
The Hints Factor In the Movement
New York Tribune.
That no amount of care on the part of
the officials of any transportation company
can obviate the danger of accident without
tha co-operation of employes is apparent
The best rules possible for human In
genuity to devise are of no value if they
ars not followed, and there la no reason
to question the accuracy of the deduction
of the Publlo Service commission. Second
district, that of the accidents on steam
railroads reported to that body "a large
proportion ot those Investigated have been
caused by the failure of employes to obey
standard operating rules or special in
structions which were In force for the
safe movement of trains. The outcry now
ar.d then made for the conviction and
punishment of the active manager of a
transportation line after an exceptionally
distressing accident would therefore seem
Infrequently to have little behind It.
It Is a fact too well known for dispute
that constant association with any danger
t.nrf. in lnaaAit nni'i sense of resnonslbll-
l.v in mnnvMnn with !L The switchman I
at the lever whose action at the proper j
moment Is necessary to preserve the lives
of passengers becomes tn time so accus
tomed to bis work that tils movements
are largely mechanical, and the task be
comes Uttle more to him than the mere
shifting of rails. The engineer, although
he knows that In case of accident he will
be the one most likely to suffer fatal In
jury, may take chancea which would be
too hasardoua for contemplation by the
ordinary man, and the same condition
operates equally tn every occupation In
volving danger either to the person him
self or to those who are dependent upon
Among railroad men It la frequently re
marked that It la not the new employe
who is killed, but the one who has been
working long enough to take chances
which would not be considered by the
tyro. The chauffeur Is more likely to run
risks In speeding than the one unfamiliar
with his car. It Is the old story of fa
miliarity breeding contempt, and with
nature as it la constituted, in face of the
constant demand for speed, not only on
tha hiahways but on the railways and
the aea, there must Inevitably be the ele
ment of danger In any meana of transpor
tation. This necessitates the greatest vigi
lance on the part of the operating off!
clala, and there la every reason to belw-ve
that In an overwhelming majority of cases
the men In authority are keenly alive to
their responsibilities. Tne aniicuity. as
would be Indicated by the report of the
commlaslon, la in the thousands of less
Intelligent employes who must be picked
up wherever they may be found, and In
trusted with duties Involving a mental
alertness te which they have not been
trained. . . , .
WHERE HAVOC HFICS.
Some Facta Vbnat the Realon De
vastated by Enrthajnake.
The city of Reggio, where such fearful
destruction was wrought by the earth
quake, lira In a region spoken ot by trav
elers as the "fairest land In all Italy,"
picturesque vlllivges crown every hilltop,
while across the blue straits ot Messina
rices a vision of Sicily and the snowy
heights of Ktna. The country round Reg
glo Is one great orange plantation, and
everywhere the perfume of the blossoms
and the fragrance of the fruit fill the air.
Carta constantly pass through the streets
bearing the golden crop to the warehouses,
whence It Is passed on to the sailing ves
sels that carry It to the nearest large
port, where regular lines of steamers dis
tribute It all over Europe. Formerly thla
region waa as celebrated for its palms aa
now for Its oranges; but that was during
the Saracenic occupation, and after the
Saracens were driven out the populace so
hated anything that reminded them of the
detested Moors that all the palms were cut
down, and now they are almost as much of
a curiosity In Rcgglo aa In Paris.
The neighborhood of Reggio Is classic
ground, for It was there that Demosthenes
last touched with the Athenlon fleet when
on the way to Sicily and defeat, and It
was there that Cicero turned back to his
death when about to leave Italy after the
murder of Caesar. Not far away is tho
world famous Scylla, the rock that plays
such a part In the story of Ulysses. A
town now rises on the precipice, and the
whirlpool Chrybdis Is no longer dangerous
to navigators, but some Idea of the terror
formerly Inspired by both may be gained
from the words of Homer. A little more
than 100 years ago Scylla was the scene
of disaster more deadly than any that
could have happened In Its earlier ages.
A terrible earthquake came on February
S, 1783, and the entire population deserting
their homes at the first shock, gathered
on the seashore. The evening came on
with the terrified people still In groups on
the sand; a renewal of the shocks, more
severe than at first, took place. A great
headland not far off was literally upset
Into the sea, a tidal wave swept along the
coast and 4,000 people ot the town were
Alessina. Sicily, population 150,000, three
fourths of which la reported destroyed, Is,
next to Palermo, the most Important city
in Sicily. It Is situated In the northwest
corner of the island on the strait of Mes
sina. Among the leading buildings are the
Municipal palace, the convent of San Oreg
orio, which contains a museum of valuable
relics, buildings ot the university, which
is attended by 600 students, and a municipal
The outskirts and environs are delight
ful, affording magnificent vlewa of the aea
as well as of Mount Etna. On (he west
rises the former fort of Castetlaccio, and
not far away to the south Is Fort Oonssga,
on the historic spot. The new Campo Santo
Is beautiful, with Us graceful Greek colon
nades and wonderful views. The Telegrafo
the summit of a pass near Messina Is
much vlxlted for Its acenory.
Messina is a town of great antiquity. Us
foundation being ascribed to pirates from
Cumae In the eight century B. C, when
it was known as Zanclo (a sickle), in allu
sion to the shape of Us harbor.
Catania Is the capital of the province of
Catania, and the third largest city In Sicily,
oeing outranked In population by Palermo
and Meaalna. In front of the cathedral la a
fountain with an ancient statue of an ele
phant, made of lava, bearing an Egyptian
In the cathedral, begun by Roger I In 1091
with materiale taken mostly from the an
cient theater, and of the original of which
little besides the choir has been spared by
earthquakes. Is the chapel of Agatha, tute
lary saint' of Catania, who was put to death
In 251, and whose festival Is magnificently
celebrated In February.
In the cathedral also 1s the monument of
the composer, Bellini, a native of Catania.
The villa Bellini has an attractive garden,
containing busts of Bellini and others and a
statute of Maxslni. .
In summer Catania is hotter than Paler
mo, but In winter It Is cooler, on account
of the snow on Mount Etna. The city
formerly had epidemic of cholera, but the
Banltary conditions lately has been excel
lent and the water supply la good. The
lack of promenades and gardens has' made
Catania less attractive to tourists than
most Italian cities, although the streets
are broad and well kept, and the private
and public buildings large and well bullC
History snd science have recorded more
than eighty eruptions of Etna in a period
of only a little longer than 2,000 years,
eleven of them, aa has been said, before
the Christian era. Of this number all have
been worthy of attention and many have
been among the greatest disasters of their
Something of the mountain and Its rel
ative importance may be germane to the
story of Its eruptions. The mistake Is fre
quently made of alluding to Vesuvius aa
the greatest of European volcanoes, an
error natural from the location of the lat
ter mountain, shadowing Naples and be
fogging the richest reliquary of the world,
as It does. Thousands of tourists see Ve
suvius to few who see Etna, yet there Is
barely a comparison between the two.
Vesuvius haa two peaks, the tallest of
them 4,200 feet above the neighboring sea.
Its secondary peak Is J,") feet high.
Etna's active crater towers 1,876 feet above
the Mediterranean. From Its summit may
be seen all of Sicily, the neighboring LI pari
Inland, with the dread volcano Stromboll,
to the north of Sicily, where Etna atanda.
Malta, the Italian province of Calabria
and many small Islands of the Italian
coast. Etna haa more than 100 smaller
cones, of which at least ninety are large
enough to be worthy of note. The moun
tain la 100 miles In circumference about tha
Near this base stands the ruins of the
ancient Greek theater of Taormlna, now a
solitary and devastated pile, looking In
sadness on Its despoller. The principal
city of the district, one that has been thrice
destroyed and many times damaged by the
volcano, is Catania.
STATUS WITMOIT DEBTS.
romaaenwealtha that Have ot Mort
gaged the Fntare.
Wall Street Journal.
Pennsylvania enjoys the distinction of be
Ins out of debt. Although not standing
alone In this respect among the states. It
Is worthy of mention In an era when pub'
He Indebtedness In national and munlclpa
lines Is piling up at a rate which creates
a sense of misgiving In the minds of msny
There are ten or more states whose rec
ords show an absence of bonded debt.
These Include Illinois. Iowa, Michigan,
Montana, Nebraska, New Jersey, Ohio,
Oregon and West Virginia. The last named
state has, however, outstanding against
undermined claims of some millions of dol
lars In connection with the Virginia debt.
There are fifteen other states which, ac
cording to the latest available flgurea. have
a benefit debt of leas than ll.OCO.OOO.
Two main reasons for conservatism In
debt creation by states and for their sue
cess in meeting obligations ars fuuod, flifct
Is desired by all of us. whether it be in the matter of
money, valuables or ourselves.
If it Is a question ot money, can you do better than
your money In a bank ot the known strength and stability
of the First National Hank of Omaba?
If it is a question of your valuables, why not 'J the
of this bank?
Three hundred, new boxes liave Just been added to th
already large equipment. 100 ot them rent for $3.00 n
year each. Larger ones in proportion.
Fifet National Bank of Omaha
Thirteenth and Farnam Su.
Safety Deposit Taults
is on 13th street.
In the necessity of restoring to direct tsx
ation for a large part of their revenue,
Snd secondly. In the frultfulness of rev
enue from the tax on corporations. Penn
sylvania has been something of a pioneer
In this latter method of state taxation, and
most other states have followed her lead.
New Jersey's bondless position Is pre-eminently
the result ot the liboral Income
from taxes on corporations.
As this source of revenue for the stato
treasury Increases, the tendency Is to give
to county and other local units of taxation
the field for direct Imports. The corpora
tion has thus come to be the greatest con
tributor to the Income of states and haa
enabled the local municipal units to retain
their own revenues to an extent which was
not possible before the rise of the corpora
tion. PERSONAL AOTE9.
Two white rhinoceroses will be the object
of President Roosevelt's search In his hunt
ing trip in Africa, according to Major Ed
gar A. Mearns, who will accompany him
on his Journey.
It Is understood that Mr. Francis K.
I.eupp, the commissioner of Internal af
fairs, who haa resigned, will take up lit
erary work. He was for many years s
Washington newspaper correspondent.
Policemen In Chicago are clamoring for
an Increase In pay, and Chief Snippy has
recommended that salaries be raised to the
scale that New York pays, from ti.KXI for
patrolmen of long service to $3,600 for In
spectors. The Increase would raise the po
lice budget J450.000 a year.
A New York man who served as re
ceiver for a looted bank has Just returned
to the creditors of the Institution J4.000
which he says he got as receiver without
being fairly entitled to It. As soon as his
name can be learned he will doubtless be
expelled from the Receivers' Union.
Dr. 8. Weir Mitchell haa nrintri in
the Home of the Merciful Saviour for i
Jrippiea VJtinaren, in Philadelphia, as a
Christmas gift, the complete Issue of his
book, "A Venture in 1777." Tho story Is
laid In' Philadelphia and centers artund
the family of Colonel Markham of the
continental army, who was captured by
the British. In the preface the author
speaks of the borne.
Horace E. Bixby, who, with his 82 years.
Is the oldest pilot on the Mississippi, la
still at the wheel. For nearly 60 years he
has piloted crafts on the Mississippi, Ohio,
Missouri, Arkansas and Red rivers. He
served under Admiral Foote, who called
him the best pilot that he had ever neon.
Samuel L,. Clemens (Mark Twain) served
full apprenticeship with General Blxby
and afterward piloted In the Ohio river
with his instructor.
"It ouaht to be easv for a beauty doctor
to be a philosopher."
TJ , im ttla kxaln... a 1 mr a . n
nut a. lond face on the aublect. Baltimore
See here!" demanded the Indignant sub
scriber, "this pbltuary notice is all wrong.
I'm not dead!"
If the Herald saya you re aeaa. sterniy
replied the editor, "you're dead. But," he
added magnanimously. "If you don't like
being dead, we'll print your birth notice."
Bvatander What makes that cow per
sist In coming over this way?
Art st (annoyed) uon t you aee i m
drawing her? Harvard Lampoon.
It is a mystery to me why you prefer
brunettes to blondea."
Since you speak or it, i aarmt it is a
dark secret." Buffalo Express.
"Funny about women. Isn't It?"
"Wnat it you mean?"
"Why, my wife is wide-awake over a
dream of a hat. Baltimore American.
The celebrated soprano was In the middle
of her solo when little Johnny said to his
mother, referring to tne conductor or the
orchestra, "why does tne man nil at the
woman with his stick?"
'He Is not Hitting at ner. rep aea nis
mother. "Keep quiet."
Well, then, wnat is sne nouerin so iorT
Your husband seems so gloomy, Mrs.
Smith. Is he a misanthrope?"
"No, Indeed; he's a Bryan democrat."
"My husband la ao very unreasonable."
"Most husbands are. What did yours
'He fixed a fishhook In one of his pockets
. V. mmtmwsAA tj aimnr... ,hu, I
robbed him at night and then lie blamed
A pure, fine-flavored syrup
makes the hnest kind or
SO tlaa at adl
A seek ef cocking tad
sent frt s rcaucsf.
C0KN ntODUCTJ IEFINLNG CI,
me because he forgot It was there." Cleve
land l'luiri Dealer.
"I took In two dollars Just now," said
tho first promoter.
"Good enough," declared the second pro
moter. "Shall we Issue additional stock
to correspond with our Increased capital,
or shall we have lunch?" Puck.
THE3 CLOMNO YEAR.
George D. Prentice.
"Tin midnight's holy hour, and silence now
Is brooding like a gcmtle spirit o'er
The still and pulseless world. Hark! on
The bell's deep tones sre swelling: 'tis the
Of the departed year. i.
No funeral train
Is sweeping past; yet on the stream and
With melancholy light, the moonbeams
Like a pale, spotless shroud:' the air Is J
)!' ' . ...II
As by a mourner's sigh, and on yon cloud,
That floats so still and placidly through
The spirits of the season Seem to stand.
Young spring, bright summer, autumn'a
solemn form. . . '
And winter with his sged locks and
In mournful cadences, that come abroad
Like the far wind-harp's wild and touch
A melancholy dirge o'er the' dead year,
Gone from tne earth forever.
'TIs a time' '
For memory and for tears. Within the
Still chambers of the heart, a . specter
Whose tones are like the wlxard voice of
Heard from the tomb of ages, paints Us
And solemn finger to the beautiful
And holy visions that have pans'd away.
And left no shadow of their loveliness
On the dead waste of lite. That specter
The coffin-lid of hope, and Joy, and love,
And, bending mournfully above the pale,
Sweet forms that slumber there, scatters
O'er what has pnas'd to nothingness.
Has gone, and with it many a glorious
Of happy dreams. Its mark is on each
Its shadow In each heart. In its swift
i 1 1 ' eoitraevt t.!'.- tx: 'vf : ' ,. .
It waved. Its scepter o'er the beautiful. .
And they are not. It laid ita pallid hap.
upon ine strong man, ana ine haugf
lorm " i
Is fallen, and thf flHahina- vi 1r ilfm
, i nvii iiiu ii.ii it, it-vnj, wiieie mruna ,
The bright and Joyous, and the tearf
Of stricken ones Is beard, where erst i,
And reckless shout resounded.
It nass'd o'er
The battle-nlaln, ( whore sword and spear
Flash'd in the light of midday and the
Ofserrld hosts Is shlver'd, and Hie grass.
Green from that,"0" of carnage, waves
The crush'd and mouldering skeleton. It '
And faded like a wreath of mist at eve;
Yet, ere It melted In the viewless air,
It heralded Ha millions to their home
In the dim land of dreams.
Fierce spirit of the glass and scythe
Can stay him In his silent course, or
Hla Iron heart to pity? On, still on,
Ho presses and forever. The proud bird,
The condor of the Andes, that can soar
Through heaven's unfathomable depths,
The fury of the northern hurricane,
And hatha hla plumage In the thunder's
Furls his broad wings at nightfall, and
To rest upon his mountain rrag but time
knows not the weight of sleep or weari
And night's deep darkness lias no chain tV A
bind ' 1
His rushing pinions. ' ' t
' Revolutions sweep
O'er earth, like troubled visions o'er the
Of dreaming sorrow; cities rise and sink,
I.Ike bubbles on the water; fiery Isles
Spring, blazing, from the ocean, and go
To their mysterious .caverns; mountains
To heaven their -bald and blacken'd cliffs,
Their tall heads t? the plain, new empires
Gathering the strength of hoary cen
turies, And rush down like the Alpine avalanche.
Startling tiie nations; and the very stars.
Yon bright and burning blazonry of God,
Glitter a while in their eternal depths,
And, like the Pleiad, loveliest of their
Shoot from their glorious spheres, and
To darkle in the trackless void Time.
Time, tiie tomb-builder, holds his fler."
Dark, atern, all-pitiless and pauses not
Amid the mighty wrecks that straw I.;
To sit and muse, like other roniiuerors.
t'pon the fearful ruin he haa wrougm.
canay. ini i
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