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The Omaha Daily Bee
VOL. XXXVII INO. 16G.
OMAHA, "WEDNESDAY MOUSING, DECEMBER 30, 1908 TEN PAGES.
SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS.
JUDGING ;T1IE CLUCKS
Close of Second Day Sees Officii
Buiy with tlx Aw " -
PROVING vv -,
Arrangement of. the Exhibits
Better Than Last Year.
POULTRY RUNNING IN
Gires the Entire Affair a Much More
DOG SHOW A GREAT ATTRACTION
Finest Exhibit Er Made r aa
Omaha Kmart Clab, Kmbrarla
.Pntl of Almost Brfry
Th closes of the second day of the Trans
mlaslss.ppl Poultry how saw the Judges
deep In their work of scoring the bird
and the public giving the box office a gen
Show birds are now an In place and the
opportunity to see them la better than at
previous ahowa. The arrangement thla year
confines the concession to a narrow bit
rif floor space and all the 80,000 square fe'et
In the Auditorium and stage la given ever
to the ahow.
One new feature makea It possible to
see many of the blrda a they would look
In a yard. Wire fencing has been pressed
Into service, and In neat pens along one
side of the big ahow- house the big geese
and l.ttla ducks may be een at such close
range that It would be no difficult matter
to "pick a fight" with a gander.
The ducka and geese, like the ahow
doga, are becoming so accustomed to the
public that they moke friends easily, and
two of the geese started over the fence
after a woman who had been particularly
friendly with them, while one of the ahow
doga made a jump for a woman whose
diamond spangled ftngera had been run
through his hair once or twice, with the
result that there waa a small white bunch
of angora hair hanging by the neck with
a chain and yelling for help.
From all ' Indication the ahow will at
tract a big crowd thla week. The dog show
feature Is much talked about, and It la
probably the finest ahow ever given by a
kennel club In Omaha, the doga ranging
from the canary bird also to the big St.
Water Fowl Promlaeat.
The water fowl exhibit at the poultry
ahow l attracting Ita share of attention. The
c tease are numerous and well filled and
aome of the apeotmens ajre wonders In their
line. The Toulouae white and browa China
geese, the Pokln, Rouen, Muscovy and In
dian Runner ducks, the African geese and
numerous others make the exhibit of high
class. Jt Is said that (he exhibit of water
fowl new on display at the Auditorium, la
one of the largest ever made In the coun
try, both In the number of birds and also
J In the number of classes ahown.
Chickens will not be given away thla
. year at the ahow as they were laat year,
' the change .being made from a humanitar
ian point of view.
"I will not give away chicks as I did
last year, because I do not believe It hu
mane to da so," said George II. Lee, maker
of Incubators. "The children who secure
them do not properly car for them and
most of them die. These chicks are from
my best prise-winning stock and I don't
want to have them Improperly t treated.
The chicks will be sold this year at 25
cents each and the proceeds donated to the
association. At the next ahow I will give
a prise of 126 In gold for the best bird
raised from those hatched In the show
room thla season. A home-made brooder,
costlrj only a few oente and capable of
successfully raising a half-dozen chicks la
exhibited In the Incubator section."
Hags Braadela' Balldogr.
The dog which Tueaday morning at
traded most attention waa the 11,000
brindle English bull which la ahown by
Hugo Brandels, If that dog waa really
half aa fierce as he looks It would be
well for visitors to keep their distance.
Many or the doga did not arrive until
Tuesday morning but tbey are now lined
up In their wire cage on the bench
and attract nearly aa much attention aa
do the blrda below. The doga are on the
atage. The St, Barnard and toy doga
will be judged by Judge Newlyn Tueaday
night and Wednesday afternoon he will
judge the collies, the pit bull terrier and
the bull terriers. The all-round special
will be judged Wednesday evening.
Those exhibiting dog In the kenne de
C. R. Jewell. Omaha; H. Hugo Brandels,
Mrs. C. Vincent, John Oiler, William Mil
ler, Mr. Morse, Mis Moore. Elenor Mc
Gllton. Adam Jamison, Henry Rechter, J.
E. Fulner, J. P. Kepler. Morris Milder,
Mrs. Charlea Cox. W. Schneckenberger,
Victor Nlles, Ouy Hamln. W. & Parker.
B. K. Bartholomew, EL P. Dutton, Edwin
N. Greevy, C. E. Welmer. Elmer Button.
W. T. Bprlngmeyer, Leon Her. Ira Knight.
N. Btorer, William Robinson. H. T. Flint,
E. L. Potter. L. W. Trenlca, E, Frahn, W.
R. Harris, J. EL Gorman, Henry Russell,
George Pyder, P. 8. Orraond, Arthur Plck
rcl. John Lowe, Charles Casey. Fred Heyn
W. O. Carpenter Max R. Whippet, Con
rad Young, John Buck, E. B. Day.
Nearly 1TB CJ rawer af Faaey Pool try
Nearly ITS grower of fancy poultry are
exhibiting at the show and the bird have
come from all aectlon of the country and
are exhibited by. those' who make a busi
ness of raising high class chicken aa well
aa tho who have but a few of the
higher standards. The list show that
the number In this section Interested In
the Improvement of the standard of the
bird I on th Increase:
Jay Adams. Eagle, Neb.; Rev. A. B.
Adams, Hamburg, Is,; Frank A. Aguew.
South Omaha; F. C. Ahlqulat, Omaha; W.
H. Ahlqulst, Omaha: J. W. Alden. Papllllon;
Mr. and Mr a. E. R. Alexander, Omaha;
Mr. Katie Allen, Florence; N. Anderson,
Omaha; Anderaoo V Comb, Pactflo Junc
tion, la.; John H- Atktnaon, Pruman,
Minn.; Ay Bros.. Blair; A. H. Bark.
Analey, Nab. ; J. . W. Bartholomew, Ten
nant, la.; W. D. Barrett, Shelton, Neb.;
W. Ueahm, Omaha: Robert F. Bentel. Buck
Grove, la.; Blxby at Blxby. Council Bluffs;
Mr. P. C. Black. Nebraaka City; Rich
BobUItt, Thuraian. la.; Jack Brackey,
Chtlltcothe. Mo ; B. F. Bradley. Norway,
la.; C. W. Brehm, Harvard. Neb.; P. A.
Brehnt, Harvard. Neb.; Bally Brengle.
Omaha; Bonnie Broderaea, Denlaon, la.;
John Burth. Mtynard. N. Y.; O. V. Byer
Continued en Baooad Page.)
SUMMARY OF TliE DEE
Wednesday, Qrrrmkrr 80, 100".
1903 '-December 1908
8X my tzz. fa 7ms fff. sst
-? - 1 2 3 4o5
QrZ 8 own 12
W 14 15 16 1Z 18 19
0 21 22 23 24 25 26
,.; to 6is ou oi -
. TIE WXATJEEB.
FOR OMAHA. COl'NCIL ULt'FFS AND
VICINITY Fair and collier Wednesday.
FOK NEBRASKA Fair and colder
FOR IOWA Ralr or snow Wednesday;
Temiwatnr." at Omaha yesterday:
6 a. m....
4 a. m....
7 a. m....
8 a. in....
9 a. m....
10 h. m....
11 a. m....
1 p. in....
2 p. m....
3 p. m....
4 p. m....
5 p. n
( p. m....
? p. m....
8 p. m....
A number of prominent engineers have
been Invited to accompany President
elect Taft to Panama. 'age 1
The county treasurer of Sanborn county.
South Dakota, was held up and robbed of
$3,000 of the county money. rage 1
C. Burdette Bell killed C. C. Dury, whom
he found with hi wife In Lfenver
The right to call out federal troops has
been raised In the proceeding against
the striking miner In Kentucky.
General Bell has issued new order gov
erning the punishment for desertion from
the army. rag 1
Miss Szponder, who was abducted at
Winnipeg with a priest, ha returned.
The Atlantic fleet ha entered the Red
Sea. rage 1
A band of supporter of President Cas
tro and adherants of Gome had a battle
on the coast of Venezuela, In which the
adherants of Gomes were defeated.
The loss of life from the earthquake In
Italy and Sicily will reach the appallng
number of 70,000, and the property losa
cannot yet be estimated. rag 1
Experts from Department of Agriculture
address Johnson county farmers on road
building and agriculture. Pag 3
Two unldentlfed men try to hold up a
boy near Gibbon, but the youth whip up
hi horse and escape In spite of shots
fired at him. rag a
Combination of plow firms mean or
ganisation of big company in Omaha.
Arthur D. Brandels sell residence to
Senator J. II. Millard for 185,000.
Fruit contract made by II. D. Foye In
ure that Omaha will be greatest center
of distribution In the United States.
comaiouL ajtd htdustsiiai..
Live atock market. rag t
Grain markets. rage
Stock and bonds. rag s
MOTXMXNTS Ok- OCSAJT TXAMSsTXPS,
Port. Arrived. 8IUlt.
BOSTON Csooplo Ibrla.
GENOA Cratlo ..
OKNOA .Resin d'ltalla...
LIVERPOOL. Coralean t
LIVERPOOL, OHIO 4
OLASOOW glbrlD Cerinthlin.
ANTWERP Finland Kmlni1.
CHERBOURG St. Louli.
STATE BUYS ALL THE BONDS
Nebraaka 1 Awarded . the Kntlre
Million Dollar Coart Haaae
The county commissioner Tuesday after
noon awarded the entire Issue of court
house bonds In the sum of 1,000.000 to the
slate of Nebraska on It bid of par, the
county to have the privilege to Issue the
bonds and collect money on them as netted.
Four other bids were presented for the
entire Issue, all by Chicago firms. These
bidder offered premiums, but the term
of the contract offered made It manda
tory on the county to Issue bonds on de
mand of the company buying. Should the
bonds be Issued when the county did not
need the money, money would be lost
through Interest payments. The commis
sioners therefore figured that the bid of
the state waa the beat' The commleslonera
also hope to get a still lower bid from the
WNTHR0P SUCCEEDS BACON
Secretary of State-to-Bo Ask
ehasett Man lata HI N
WASHINGTON, Deo. 2.-Beekman Wln
throp of Masaachuaetta, assistant secretary
of the treasury, today waa offered and ac
cepted the office of flrat aaatatant aecre-
tary of atate under the Incoming admtnia
t ration, succeed lug Robert Bacon of New
York, who in January next I expected to
temporarily auoceed Kllhu Root upon the
latter' ertlrement. The tender today was
made with the conaent of Prealdent-elect
Taft by Senator Knox, whose selection as
aecretary of atate waa announced several
PETER MARQUARDT KILLED
Fraaalarat Odd Fellow la Raa Dowa
by Swltra Eaeriaa at Madlaoa,
MADISON, 8. D.. Dec. 3 -Peter Mar
quardt, paat grand master of th Grand
Lodge of Odd Fellow of South Dakota,
wa run over by a switch engine and
killed In the railroad yard today.
Wllaaa Takea ta Pealteatlary.
HURON. B. D., Dec . 8peclal -Mon-day
morning. Sheriff Young went to Bloux
Fall with Otorge Wilson, convicted In
circuit court here of forgery and sentenced
by Judge Taylor to six months In the peni
tentiary at Bloux Fall. A stay of Judg
ment ha been granttd In the Reach caa.
Th sentence of the court wa that Raach
be confined In the penltentary at Sioux
Fall for a period of seven year seven
month for rape, but he will not be re
moved to the penitentiary until a later
AMERICAN CONSUL MISSING
Arthur F. Cheney Probably Victim of
RELIEF SUBSCRIPTIONS OPENED
Amerlcaa Real Crow at Once Trader
Ita Service- Itallaa Officer la
Ktw York Isaac Appeal
WASHINGTON, Dec. 29 Arthur F.
Cheney, American consul at Messina, end
his wife are supposed to have been killed
by the earthquake, according to a dis
patch received by the State department
tonight from Vice Conaul Stuart Lupton.
News of the devastation wrought by
earthquake in Italy was received here
with profound interest. The tremors were
recorded on the seismograph Instrument
of both the weather bureau and the coast
and geodetic survey, and the weather bu
reau officials had figured out almost with
mathematical precision the section of the
globe where the great force of the shock
was felt, but there wa nothing to Indi
cate the tremendous volume of the dis
aster, as brought out by later pres re
ports, showing the enormous loss of life
and property damage. The State depart
ment and Italian embassy enxlously await
advices regarding the catastrophe.
The American National Red Cross today
sent out telegraphic requests to all of Ita
Lranches for relief fur.ds, to be applied to
the sufferers from the earthquake In
southern Italy. The Italian Red Cross so
ciety being so fully organised, It will not
be necessary for the American society to
do more than to send money contributions,
which will be done as promptly, as possl
lle. Following Is the text of the president's
message to the king of Italy:
His Majesty, Vlttorlo Emmanuel,
Rome: With all my countrymen I am ap
palled by the dreadful calamity which
has befallen your country.
I offer my slncerest sympathy. Amer
ican National Red Cross has Issued ap
peals for contributions for the sufferer
and notified me that they will Immedi
ately communicate with the Italian Red
Cros. THEODORE ROOSEVELT.
The American National Rod Cross today
sent a telegram over the signature of Its
president, William H. Taft, to the Italian
Red Croaa at Rome, In the following lan
guage: The American Red Cross desires to ten
der to the Italian Red Cross Its profound
sympathy because of the terrible earth
quake In Italy and Calabarla. An appeal
has been Issued to the American Red cross
for contributions for the benefit of the
The Rod Cross society also requested
the State department to extend to me
American ambarsador expreaalons of sym
pathy from the American society to the
Italian Red Cro and to Inquire to wnat
extent relief measures will be necessary.
On the occasion of the eruption of Ve
suvius $12,000 wa sent to Italy Dy me
There are no American war vessels in
the vlolnlty of southern Italy. The Scor
pion, a converted yacht, which is at Con
stantinople, Is nearer th scene of the dis
aster than any tjther American naval Tea
sel. Subscription Opened In New York.
NEW YORK, Deo. 29. The news of the
earthquake In southern Italy wun us
appalling loss of life was receivea in
several Italian colonies this evening with
every evidence of distress. Of the 600,000
or more Italians here, tuny zw.uw are ironi
the stricken district. Thousands upon
thousands have families, relatives and
friends In Calabria and Sicily. Many
hastened to the offices of the Italian con
sul general or the various Italian news
papers, only to have their worst fears
confirmed. New York City ha two ex
tensive quarters given over to Italians
almost exclusively, besides many Bmaller
ones. The conaul general after a confer
ence with leading- Italians, Issued a call
for subscriptions In the following state
Subscriptions for the relief of the vic
tims of the earthquake in Sicily and
Calabria are officially opened at the con
sulate general of Italy, 228 Ifayette street,
New York City, at the Italian Chamber
of Commerce. 203 Broadway, and at the
office of the delegate of the Italian Red
Croaa, 68 Wall atreet. The amount of these
subsorlptlone will be Bent at once to the
Calabria Red Cross In Rome, whose
efficient relief work In past calamities haa
been universally recopnlre
Count Masslglia in speaking of the call
for relief, said he would do all he could
to succor the work. "I shall be glad," he
said, "to receive contributions from any
one who may wish to aid the victims of the
disaster. At the time of the big earth
quake a relief organisation was founded
under the direction of the Italian Chamber
of Commerce, the Italian Red Cross and
other Italian organisations In New York
City and throughout the country, and a
similar plan will doubtless now be fol
lowed." The Italian Chamber of Commerce met
late this afternoon under the chairman
ship of Its president, Lulgl Folarl, to con
sider plans for raising money for the suf
ferers. Hard Blow to Trade.
President Folarl. In an address, said that
of the 150.000,000 of Import received here
from Italy. 10,000,000 came from the af
fected earthquake district. The disaster
would be a hard blow to trade. Slgnor
Folarl also said there waa considerable
Immigration from Calabria and Sicily In
1905, following the earthquake of that year.
He said he expected a new exodus of the
frightened people now, but on a much
Two Italian newspapers, the Ballettlto
Delia Sera and the rPogressk), each headed
a subscription list started in their columns
by subscribing (500 each. Two other Ital
ian newapapera, L'l'aaldo and Telegraso,
advised their readers to send contribution
direct to the Red Cross, explaining that
the money would reach Its destination
much quicker In that way.
All of the Italian newspapers Issued extra
edition today, giving translation of the
cable dispatches brought to this country
to describe th horror.
The American National Red Cross, of
which President-elect Taft is the head,
has offered it services In co-operating
with the Italian Red Cross. Th New Turk
state branch baa already Issued a call
Mayor De Planches, the Italian ambas
sador to th United States, Is expected to
reach this city late tonight from Mon
treal. Though the regular Mediterranean tour
ist season bad not yet started there doubt
less were hundreds of Americans In Cala
bria and &iclly, and there are grave fears
for their safety. Captain Charles C. Fen
mer, formerly in the federal service here,
and his wife have been traveling In Italy
and ten daya ago word waa received from
them that they were about to leave Rums
From the Washington Herald.
SPRECKELS WILL IS FILE,
Late Sugar King Leaves Life Interer
in Property to Widow.
ESTATE WORTH FIFTY MILLIONS.
At Death of Mrs. Spreckels It Is to
Be Divided Am on or Clans A. and
Rndolph Sprerkela and Mrs.
SAN FRANCISCO. Dec. 2S.-The will of
tho late Claus &preckels. which was exe
cuted In New York May 11, 1908, was filed
today with the county clerk. Under i
terms the widow, Anna Christina Spreek
els. Is given a life Interest In the estate
which, after her death, la to be divide,
i.mong her three children, Claus A. Spreck'
els, Rudolph' Spreckols and Mrs. John Fer
ris of Klngswood, England, formerly Mis;'
Emma Spreckela. The testament recites
thai tho other two sona, "John D. and
Adolph, have been ' liberally provided " for
during the Ufa of the testator. The value
of the estate Is not given, but it has been
estimated as high as $!i0,000,000.
. Mrs. Anna Spreckels, who Is now 7S
years old, will receive the net Income of
the properties while she lives, aftir which
the three legatees will share alike, except
for the provisions that Mrs. Ferris' por
tion is to revert to the estate in case she
dies without children before the death of
her mother. In the event of ' Claus A.
or Rudolph Spreckels dying before their
mother, his share of the deceased Is to bd
equally divided among the surviving chil
dren. Claus A. preckds and Rudolph H.
Spreckels are appointed executors of the
estate without bond and trustees with ab
solute power to make such disposition of
the properties as they see fit without bclns
uaDie ior any losses mat may be sus
tained. The witnesses to the will are William W.
Cook, a prominent lawyer of New York;
Thomas B. Jones and Richard T. Thomp
son, the latter two cf Brooklyn. The will
was filed for probate by Rudolph Spreck
els and Charlea A. Wheeler, hla attorney,
tegtther with a petition for probate.
HUSBAND KILLS HIS FRIEND
C. Bardete Bell Shoota C. C. Dory, Jr.,
In Denver for Entlolna"
DENVER, Dec. 29. Burdette Edward Bell
shot and killed C. Cuvlcr Dury. a vaude
ville artist, here today for enticing his wife
away from her home while he was working
at I aramle. Bell spent some time locating
the couple and entered their apartmenta
with the purpose of committing the deed.
CINCINNATI, O., Dec. 29. Charles Cu
vler Dury, Jr..' who was shot and killed by
C. Burdette Bell In Denver yesterday, waa
the son of Prof. Charles Dury of this city,
an ornithologist, who has a national repu
tation. Prof. Dury is taxidermist of the
Smithsonian Institute of the University of
Cincinnati and has written many booka on
Charlea Cuvler Dury waa 28 yeara old and
before leaving thla city waa regarded aa an
amateur actor of sblllty. He was married
four yeara ago and left with his wife for
Denver two years later.
Bell, who Is charged with the ahoottng of
Dury, waa married In Cincinnati two yeara
ago. He had a responsible position with a
laundry while In this city.
FOURTEEN YEARS FOR RUEF
Heatraee oa Coavlrtrd Grafter at Baa
Francisco Is Pronoaaoed by
SAN FRANCISCO. Dec. 29.-Abraham
Ruef, former political boss of San Fran
cisco, was today sentenced to fourteen
years In the state penitentiary at Ban
Quentln. Sentence was pronounced by
Judge William P. Lawler, who presided
over Ruef s trial on the charge of brib
ing a member of the Schmrta Board of
Supervisors In the award of an overhead
trolley franchise to the United Railroads.
The trial, which ended with a conviction on
December 10, was one of the most cele
brated In the history of the city.
MISS SZP0NDERC0MES BACK
Soath Omaha tilrl Takea Away by
Priest Retaras to IVuma ta
Win a I pear.
WINNIPEG. Man.. Dec. 29-Mles Sen
phin Szponder, who. It ia claimed, went
away with a Polish priest, haa been
brought back to this city and ia now In
the care of the Young Women's Christian
association. The print haa also returned.
Congress Again Convenes
OUNTY TREASURER HELD UP
like Meier of Woonaocket Compelled
to Hand Over 3fOOO of
MITCHELL. 8. D., Dec. it. (Special
.'elegram.) Mike Meier, the county
reasurer of Sanborn county, was held
,ip at Woonsocket last night and robbed
f over $3,000 of the county's money,
ate In the evening Mr. Meier went to
hi office in the court house and opened
the vault doors. He waa followed by
two men who wore masks. Each pre
sented a revolver at the person of Meter
and demanded that he give all the cash
he had on hand. They went Into the
vault with him and he was forced to
turn over $3,000.
The men left Meter In the vault and
closed the door on him and they were
able to get quite a start on possible pur-
--is. auk uuur waa not locked on Meier
and he was able finally to open It.
Raising a window, he shouted for help.
The men are described as being one
tall and the other short. Mr. Meier has
been the treasurer of th county for the
last four years and hi term- of office
expired with the closing' of th year. ,
The county commissioners of Sanborn
county will meet tomorrow to take some
action with reference to offering a reward
for the robbers who held up County Treas
urer Meier last night for $4,500. Mr. Meier
stated that he did not believe the money
to be unsafe In the county safe, which
waa burglar proof, and the county money
waa Insured against robbers.
Reports were rife on the streets of Woon
socket today that the robbery was a fake
and that there was something wrong with
the county's money, and that the scheme
was concocted Just as the treasurer was
retiring from his position at the closs of
his term of office. There Is not the slight
est foundation for the statements that are
made. Mr. Meier la regarded by the business
men of the city aa an honest and reliable
man, and It Is known that his books have
balanced at the various settlement. Tho.
business men place the utmost reliance In
his Integrity and honor. That the robbery
was a legitimate one Is ahown by the
robbers locking Mr. Meier In the vault. A
window In the vault enabled him to secure
assistance from the outside. There was no
one in the building at the time of the rob
bery. PUNISHMENT JJMIT CHANGED
General Bell laaae Order Fills
Three Year for Simple Deser
tloa from Army.
WASHINGTON. D. C, Dec. 29. General
Bell, chief of staff, has issued general or
ders to the army promulgating an executive
order establishing limits of punishments
prescribed for desertion varied according to
whether the soldier surrenders or was ap
prehended, hla length of service and du
ration of desertion. The limit of punish
ment now fixed for simple desertion Is
three years with Increased limits for pre
vious convictions and when In execution of
a conspiracy or In the presence of hostile
Indians or unlawful assemblage. Increased
punishment Is prescribed for sellings or
losing clothing, accoutrements, etc., and
also for absence without leave. Slight
modifications are made In the requirements
In the matter of previous convictions to
Justify dishonorable discharge for minor
WESTERN MATTERS AT CAPITAL
N'amber of Appointments Aaaeaaeed
la the Hallway Mall
WASHINGTON, Dec. 29. Special Tele
gram.) Paul L. Aunbrlght of Columbus
Junction, Charlea Seaaler of Washington,
Kmil R. Jesse of Readlyn, Frank E. Mc
Gulgan of Kalona, Fred O. Weiae of Otal
lasa. Ia., William L. Murphy of Chey
enne. Wye., F. L. Murphy of Davla Ranch
and Alonxo R. Elliott of Cheyenne, Wyo.,
have been appointed railway rrut.ll clerks.
Mis Nurma Waddell of Lincoln ha been
appointed laboratory aid 1n connection with
the Agricultural department, located at
FRANCE EXPRESSES SYMPATHY
Prcsldrat Falllere Seada Mui to
Itallaa Premier oa Great
PARIS, Dec. . President Fallleres
has sent a telegram of condolence on
the catastrophe that ha visited southern
Italy to King Vk-tor Emmanuel, premier
Clemenceau has Sunt a similar message
to the Italian premier, while M. Fiction,
the Fremh foreign minister, haa commu
nicated hi sympathy to th Italian min
ister of foreign affaire, Slgnor Ttt'.onL
LEGISLATORS ARE COMING IN
Those on Hand at Present Principally
Candidates for Speaker.'
ASPIRANTS FOR CLERKSHIP HERE
Some of th Democrat Propose to
Make Bryan Show HI Hand and
Draft the Platform
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
LINCOLN, Dec 29.-(Speclol.)-The leg
islative season Is at hand and tho early
birds are on the ground. Though they are
few In number they are widely scattered,
there being a candidate for speaker at the
Lincoln, the Capitol and the Royal hotels
and two candidates for chief clerk at the
Llndell. The disinterested members are not
yet on the ground.
Taylor from Hitchcock and Taylor from
Ouster are two of the same name after
the speakership; Henry at Holt 1 another
who came in last night and Kelley of Fur
nas Is here doing a stunt all his own. He
Is a candidate for. speaker and cares more
about having platform pledges kept than
he docs about presiding over the house.
"I am here to see that every platform
pledge Is kept," said Mr. Kelley. We went
before the people with specific promises
and woe to the man who dares sidestep
The early birds are here simply that
they may catch onto the legislators aa
they come Into town. None claims a cinch
on tho Job and each is talking about the
domocratlo plutform and other platitudes
without getting down to anything very
Henry of Holt Is prepared to tell the peo
ple that as speaker he will not use his
influence to throttle any legislation or to
pass a.iy bills, meaning particularly the
county option bill. If one is Introduced. He
will refer that bil lto the committee of
the whole and let crowd settle it without
handing It over to any smaller committee.
Taylor from Custer county has a reput
tlon as an organiser and he expects to rally
considerable strength from the members In
the oust end of the state at least. Taylor
from Hitchcock expects to do the samo
But the only definite thing there is known
about the situation is that the house has
forty-four farmers, or men who are en
gaged In the business of agriculture, anl It
Is possible a movement may be started to
organise these farmers In order to control
the organization of the house.
Those candidates for , speaker who are
hore realize that "the nine vi.tes from Doug
las would help out a great deal In selecting
a speaker, but not one seems to be counting
on any from the big county, though It is
talkr-d that Clark of Richardson cannot get
all of them.
Trenmore Cone of Saunders and Henry
Richmond uro both on the ground and both
ara working hard for the place as hlef
clerk. Cone ha had the advantage of hav
ing been out. In the state in advance of
Richmond; or before Richmond got Into the
game, but Richmond Insists that he will be
able to tako care of himself at the caucus.
Both are quartered at the Llndell.
Bryaa Mast Show Hla Hand.
Mr. Bryan must show his hand. From
generalities he must come down to details
In other words, he ta going to be asked
to draft some of the Important measures
which he talked about during the cam
paign. That la settled. Especially wllhu
be asked to write the draft of the bill
providing for the physical valuation of rail
roads and other public utility corpora
All of which grew out of the fact that
Mr. Bryan recently called a meeting of
prominent democrats at Falrvlew and read
the riot act to them about what the legis
lature must do and must not do. He told
these den ocrats that every plutform pKdg
must be kept. Including the enactment of
a law providing for the guarantee of bank
deposits and "Immediate" payment to de
positors In case of a bank failure. He gave
no chance for argument on the part of
his underlings. His own d-claion In the
matter settled It.
On thla proposition Mr. Bryan and some
of the leaders In hi party will split. Dr.
P. I. Hill will not stand for the "Immedi
ate" payment of loss and hla position la
that "prompt" payment should be suff el
ect So republicans who lost out In the recent
election will. have the pleasure of watching
a scrap between Mr. Bryan on the one
aide and Dr. Ha4U leading othe other
unless Mr. Bryan decides ta surrender.
And then Mr. Bryan will be asked to
fix up that physical valuation bill and to
lake the responsibility of Its enactment
(Continued on Second Pag.)
LOSS OF LIFE
Over Sixty Thousand Persons Killed
by Earthquake in Italy.
THREE PROVINCES DEVASTATED
Buildings in Many Towns of Calabria
Crumble from Shock.
HIGH AND LOW DIE IN RUINS
Prefect of Reggio Crushed by Palling"
. Stones of His Palace.
HOMELESS POPULACE IS CRAZED
Men and Women Wander Helplessly
Into Unknown Dangers,
MOUNT AETNA BECOMES ACTIVE
Detonations from Volcano Add to
Terrors of the People.
KING AND QTJLEN HASTEK SOUTH
irtlal Law Declared and
Harried to Jreae Pope
Gives I.arsje Sam for
ROME, Dec. 29. The minister of murine.
at S o'clock this afternoon Tocelved a wire
less dispatch estimating the dead at Mes
senl at 60,000. No news ' ha yet been re
ceived from Regglo.
Reports have Just been received from
two other towns in Calabria, Cassano and
Cosensa. Cassano is said to have suffered
1,000 dead, while the wounded number 500.
At Cosenza 600 dead people already have
been taken from the ruins
Caasano has 6,700 people, while Cosenia.
Is tho center of a community with a popu
lation of 25,000.
ROME, Dec. 29. South Italy and th
Island of Sicily have been visited by an
appalling calamity, the extent of which
cannot yet be grasped. An earthquake
yesterday morning wrecked city after
city and obliterated smaller town and
villages without number.
Then a tidal wave swept across the
strait of Messina and added to tii hor
ror, drowning th people In their help
lessness and panic. Fir came to ci m
plete the work of destruction. Flame
broke out In the devastated cltle and
countless number of wounded men,
women and children were burned to
Any adequate estimate of the totnl
unsualtles Is as yet quite Impossible,
but the Rome Trlbuna places the num
ber at between 60,000 and 70,000.
City of Messina Wrecked.
ROM E, Dec. 29. The disaster In the pro
vince of Calabria and the Island of Sicily
ha today assumed staggering proportions.
Each successive report received from the
stricken region makes It more apparent
than the flrat stories of the widespread
destruction were little, If any exaggerated.
Messina alone reports 12,000 victims, but It
Is feared that this Is only a partial list
of the dead and wounded. Report are
coming In from other towns giving esti
mates of dead therein from 600 up to sev
Kegglo still remains In its tragic isolation.
It 1 Impossible to get word from the
stricken city, and the silence give rise to
the most fearful apprehensions. News lias
come from Messina, eight miles north of
Regglo, but no reliable estimate vt the
dead there ha been made.
Vandalism of the worst kind ha broken
put and the government had adopted tho
moat energetic and severe measures for
its repression. Robbers and looter are
hot on sight.
Th prison at Messina collapsed. Some
of the prisoners were killed, but th sur
vivors made their escape and gifted th
Hooligans who were sacking th city. Such
confusion reigned that the robber met
with no resistance. The local chief of po
lice lies dead In the rooms of his office.
Commander of Troops Killed.
The barracks at Messina were demol
ished. The commander of the troops waa
killed outright and there are many victim
among the enlisted men. The government
last night sent General Flera Dl Cussatto,
an army corps commander, to take full
charge of the troops in the devested ter
ritory. One of the first measure will be
to declare martial law.
The robber pillaged the ruin pf shat
tered buildings, and even stole clothing and
valuables from the corpse of the victims.
They were not deterred by th flames that
broke out In several section of th city,
but took advantage of the light for their
vandalism. The night In Messina wa on
of horror, indescribable ftre, 'robbery, dead
and dying onevery elde, the city In the ut
most confusion, and the people panlo
stricken and under a spell of terror.
Troops began to pour into Messina laat
night and thla morning a number t
ateamers arrived from peninsula with
uiuicsv vti uuitb x w tits were hi uncu
organised and effort mad to bring order
into the situation. Bands of cltlsena were
formed and helped heroically In the work
of rescue. Many courageous acta were per
formed by soldiers and cltlsena alike, and
in aome cases the rescuers themselves lost
their I ves In tiylng to help others.
Order Partially Kstabllsked.
Toward - morning several of th worst
fire had been extinguished, the loot nj
wa under partial control, and compara
tively order ha been established. Every
thing possible Is bring idone ta succor the
wounded, but the relief measure ara still
utterly Inadequuta owing to tbe Immensity
of th disaster.
The finest po lures, churchra and thcatera
of Measina are heapa of ruins. Countless
dead bidies are scattered through th
wreckage, and their dUpo.-U.on will doubt
less bring pent. lent to add to th horrors
of the situation.
Tbe devaatatlon over the entlr district
were more or lea complete. No part ot
the province of Beggto Da Calabria es
caped. The disturbance was most sever