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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 29, 1908)
The Omaha : Daily Bee
OMAHA, TUESDAY MOKNING, DECEMBER 20, 1908 TEN PAGES.
V()I i XXX VIII NO. 1G5.
SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS.
SUMMARY OF THE BEE
"The Pawky Chid!"
WORK ON TARIFF BILL
Daily Sessions Until the Measure is
, mm siiAiusG
ajiiu.v. w&rnegie Makei Suggestion
for Solving: Labor Problem.
STEEL KINO WRITES NEW BOOK
Experience in Taking in Young
Partner! it Recounted.
EXAMPLE OF STEEL CORPORATION
Season for Giving Preference to Its
Employe! ii Explained.
PLAN IS SUCCESSFUL IN BOSTON
Prediction Mad that Corporation
ondncted hy Labor-Capitalist
Will Outdistance All Their
NEW TORK. Dec. 2.-"In th future.
Ubor la to rise still higher. The joint
lock form open the door to the participa
tion of labor as ahareholder In every branch
of business. In thta the writer believes,
Ilea the final and enduring solution of the
labor queatlon. Nothing can aland against
the direct management of owners. We are
only plunevis whose duty is to start the
movement, leaving- to our successors Its
full and frre development as human society
These are striking statements found In an
article by Andrew Carnegie In the forth
coming January number of the World's
Work made public today. An editorial
note states that the article Is taken from
Mr. Csrnegie's new book, "Problems of
Today," and that tt Is published In the
magazine "because of the remarkable It
might be called even sensational forecast
that he makes of the continued lnprovement
In ,ne position of labor till profit-sharing
does Its perfect work and the laborer and
the capitalist become the same man."
Mr. Carnegie tells of the beginning made
by the Carnegie Steel company many
years ago by making from time to time
forty odd young partners, who paid for
their Interest In the business by their notes,
payable only out of the profits of the busi
ness. Oreat care. Mr. Carnegie says, was
taken to admit workers of the mechanical
department which had hitherto been neg
lected by employers. Speaking further on
of the combination of many steel works
Into the one United States Steel corpora
tion he says that the problem presented was
not altogether new, "for Individual and
corporate management have co-existed since
Joint stock companies were formed. The
former had undoubtedly great advantages
over the latter. Able men managing their
owr. works, 1n competition with large
bodies of shareholders employing salaried
managers, were certain to distance their
corporate competitors, and did so. Nothing
can stand against tha direct management
Example af tel Corporation,
Oolnsj, y,to Asr M . oCthn. wxswrtroent of
the I'nited States Steel corporation In In
teresting Its officers and employes In Its
shares Mr, , Carnegie says that "every
corporation could well Afford to sell shares
to Its saving workmen giving preference In
repayment st cost as a first charge In
case of disaster, just as present laws
provide first for the mechanic's lien and for
t.nniestrad exemption. This Is due to' the
work-ran who necesssrlly buys the shares
without knowledge, and is asked to buy
tlicnl. not solely for his own advantage,
hut (.r the, benefit of the company as well
tl' advsntuge of both."
1 lie writer points out that "Just ss the
mcchcn'cnl world has changed and Inv
prrved, so the world of labor has ad
vanced from the slavery of the laborer to
the dsy of his absolute Independence, and
tiow to this day, when he begins to take
Ms proper plnce ss the capitalist-partner
of his employer. We may look forward
with hope to the day when It shall be the
rule of the workmen to be partner with
capital, the man of affairs giving his busi
ness experience, tho worklngman In the
n 111 his mechanical skill, to the com
pany, both owners of the tharee and so far
equally Interested In the success of their
joint efforts each Indispensable, so that
without their co-operation success would
Replying to the possible charge of being
cvtrsangulne. Mr. Carnegie declares him
self convinced that "the huge combination.
and even the moderate corporation, has no
chanr In competition with the partner
ship, which embraces the principal offi
cials and luis adopted the system of pay
ment by bonus or reward throughout Us
work. The latter may be rellod upon, as
a rule, to earn handsome dividends In
times of depression, during which the
former, conducted on the old plan, will
Incur actual loss, and perhaps land In
Plan Successful la Boston.
By way of Illustration, he cites the case
of the FUene stores of Boston, which, he
says, "has gone farthest of all In the dl
rectlon of making Its employes sharehold
ers." The establishment, lie says, employs
TOO to WO men,' the capital stock Is held
only by employes, and Is returned to the
corporation at Its value, should sny em
ploye leave the service. Every share of
stock belongs to same one working In
the stores. "The most Important advance,"
says Mr. Carnegie. "Is that all questions
are submitted to arbitration, not only com
plaints r disputes, but wages, scope of
work and tenure of employment. More
than J0 cases of arbitration have arisen
and the result Is that both managers and
employes have been satisfied that this Is
the trus plan. When an employe Is dis
charged he has the rtght to appeal to an
arbitration board composed of fellow em
ployes of different grades. All wage dis
putes havs been satisfactorily settled.
There Is a profit sharing department, hav.
Ing nothing to do with wages, which has
been able to distribute varying amounts
lie goes on to describe the workings of
me plan, remarking Incidentally that the
Fllene stores are not excelled, if equalled
in making pront. He cltea other exam
pies of profit sharing and Joint owner
ship, and then comes to his generalisations
In the course of which he says, among
"Whether tho communist's Ideal Is to be
finally reached upon earth, after man la
so changed that self-interest, which Is
now the mainspring of human action, will
give place to heavenly neighbor Interest.
cannot be known. The future has not
been revealed. He who says yes.
ana ne who ssys no. are equally
foolhardy. Neither knows. therefore
neither shou'd presume to
consider, much leas to legislate la their
day, fur a. future they can know nothing of.
"The writer, however, believes one point
(Continued pa Second Page.)
Tuesday, Drrrnbrr 20, 1908.
.;tzz, nfa mr fin. ssr
1 2 S 4o5
: 8 9 10 11 12
'i 5 16 1Z 18 19
t 2 23 24 25 26
' ISO si ---
FOR OMAHA. COT'NCIL BLCFF8 AND
VICINITY Fair Tuesday; not much
change In temperature.
FOIt NFHRARKA Fair Tuesday.
FOR IOWA Fair Tuesday.
Temperature nt Omaha-eaterday !
a. m ,
7 a. m
Andrew Carnegie believes the Joint
stock system wherein the laborer shares
In the profits of the employer Is the
solution of the labor problem In the
world. Fags 1
The special commission to locate statues
of the founders of the navy is having a
difficult time to decide who the founders
were. Tar 1
The Coopers, who are charged with the
murder of former Senator Carmack, have
been denied ball by the Nashville Judge.
Huge deposits of coal underlie Yellow
stone park. Page 1
The Chicago grand Jury that Is Investi
gating the Parking house Industry, was
busily engaged yesterday. Fag" 1
Numerous economlo societies were In
session yesterday at Atlantic City.
Rev R. C. Dougherty of Buchanan, N.
D., committed suicide yesterday. Fafe, 1
Scientific societies were In session yes
terday at Baltimore. Fafe 8
Henry D. Clayton says the democrats
must not pursue a policy of negation, but
must draft a tariff bill. Par 1
An earthquake shock covered southern
Italy yesterday, doing heavy damage. A
tidal wave at Catania, Sicily, did much
havoc. Pg 1
Holland Is ready to make terms with
Venezuela. Fafe 1
Poultry show opens at the Auditorium
with a large display of fowls and dogs
and more coming In every hour. Par 1
Railroads ask a permanent Injunction
against the reduction of through rates on
dry goods. Par 10
Mayor Jim iuinoance that ho, will bo a
candidate for the democratic nomination
for mayor for a second term. ' Par
State chapter of the Daughter of 1812
Is formed. Page 10
English papers coming around to a
more friendly attitude toward Frank
Gotch since Hackenschmldt has dodged a
match with him. Par
OOMMXmCZAX AITS UFDVITXIAX..
Livestock markets. Par T
Grain markets. Page T
Stocks and bonds. Par 1
If OTEKKSTS OP OCX AX STXAMgXTJra.
Port. Arrived. Sailed.
LIVERPOOL, Winifred Ian
YOKOHAMA Em. of Japan
SAN FRANCISCO Lurllne
HALIFAX Tunisian Laurantlan.
YOUNG BANDIT NAME GIVEN
Salisbury Murderer Proves to Be
Fred Michael of La Plata,
MONTGOMERY, Mo., Dec. M.-In spite
of Ms efforts to conceal his real nnmc and
home, that he might shield his parents,
Fred Michael, the 17-year-old Missouri
bandit, was given an unexpected visit by
his father, Samuel Michael, and his cousin,
Ed Locke, today. Thus It was lesrncd that
his real name Is Fred Michael and not
Henderson, as reported, and that he lived
near 1 Plata, Mo., Instead of near Des
The young bandit, who robbed the Balls-
bury depot and killed Officer Elmer
Magrudcr and dangerously wounded Mar
shal Cain at Higbee. lost his wonderful
nerve for the first time when his father
and cousin walked Into his cell and handed
him a pathetic letter from his mother. The
young prisoner fell upon his cot In the
jail and cried aloud.
"I attributed your downfall,' said the
father, "to reading dime novels and mow
ing cigarettes, but we will mako the best
of It "
The v father told the prisoner he had
heard that he was dead and that he had
prepared for his f uncial, getting a lot and
engaging a preacher to hold the services,
but later learned he was In jail here and
hurried to him.
COAL IN YELLOWSTONE PARK
lloitau Kxpert Says Lsrse Quantity
l.lea Beneath Hills of Na-
HELENA. Mont., Dec. S8.-Cleveland
Hilaon, manager of the Montana Coke and
Coal company of Eldrldge, says a large de
posit of coal lies under the Yellowstone
park. Speaking of the deposits, he said:
"Some day, probably within the next
twenty or forty years, these deposits will,
I believe, be thrown open to devel
opment and operation. I have traced out
crops of coal several thousand feet In the
park. There Is no question but that mil
lions of dollars worth of coal and other
minerals are locked up In this national re
serve and I look to see them opened on
EMPLOYMENT AFTER SERVICE
Major General Grsst Adrians Hou
orahly Dlsrharsjed Mca lie
Arroaasao4aed This Wajr,
WASHINGTON. Dec 28-Oivil employ
ment under the government for soldiers
honorably discharged after six years' serv
ice Is recommended by Major General
Frederick D. Grant, commander of the
Department of the Lakes, In his annual
report made public here today. Such a sys
tem, he contends, would greatly assist In
securing a high class of recruits for army
F- TJ iiour.
8 a. m 29
7 1 '0 m 33
)cjr!Mk f m
(lCj'Sr i 1 P. m... 50
v S5? i 4 p. m 4S
4T"HMh .7 6 p. m 48
r llu 6 p. m 4
. '1, 7 p. m 44
V 8 p. m 43
9 p. m 42
POULTRY CROWDS TDE SPACE
Larger Number of Exhibit! at Bis
Snow Than Expected.
DOGS AND CATS HAVE PLACES
Orlsrloal Antl-Mossle Hero and Many
f Finest Bowser Will B
la the Aadltorlasa
The problem at the Transmlsslsslppl
Poultry show which opened Monday at th
Atidltorlum Is to find room for all the
chickens snd ducks and gees and dogs and
cats and pigeons. Although nearly twite
as much space Is being utilised this year
as last the management had to do some
figuring to find room, for all who wished
to exhibit their prize stock.
The crow of the cock, the quack of the
duck, the bark of the dor are all heard
at the Auditorium and will be for a week,
for the annual exhibition of the Transmls
slsslppl Poultry association Is on, full blast.
While tho fore of secretaries has been too
busv to count noses of the fowls, there
seems to be little doubt but that the num
ber far surpasses the exhibition of the
Nebraska State fair, which for some years
has enjoyed, the reputation of being the
largest In the country but one.
Last year the first slgnt to greet the
eye of the visitors was a yard of huge
Chinese geese, but this year they have
been put to the rear to make room for
the numerous coops of chickens. The geese
will be given several yards In which to
play nearer the stage. The uniformity In
size of the coops does : away with some
of the roughness In appearance of former
Sixteen chicken talks are posted In large
letters around the show, hanging from the
balcony In type so targe that he who
walks may read. These, are educational
in their nature, and thus make the poultry
show a worthy successor of the National
Corn exhibition, which was most essen
Some delay In the erection of benches
kept back the exhibition by the Nebraska
Kennel club, but the directors promise to
have all in readiness for this afternoon
when over 2S0 dogs are expected to put
themselves on show.
In their nature and thus make the poultry
The thirteen splendid silver loving cups
which are given as additional prises at the
show, are on exhibition and are attracting
considerable attention. These are In addi
tion to the regular prises which are off
ered. Follow Corn Show.
The directors of the poultry show have
decided to follow the corn exposition In
another way and that Is, by having the
judging done early. To that end the judges
will begin work this morning- and the
judging will be pushed and the ribbons at
tached as fast as possible. By this means
the visitors will be able to see which
really are prise chickens and to see early
in tha week.
President Lee will have . some young
chicks hatching by Wednesday, and this
w1U bojeept up. for the. remainder of the
show. Some of the Mandy Lm Incubators
are now laden with eggs at the show and
are only waiting for the day when the
young chickens will be hatched before the
very eyes of the public. These will be
placed In brooders, that the proper method
of raising chickens might be shown. '
Additional space has been provided by
utilising the stage for the exhibit of the
first annual show of the Nebraska Kennel
club. The stage was not used at the last
poultry show. Here aro shown about 250
high class dogs. Including a strong display
of collies, Boston terriers, bulldogs, pit
bulls, great Danes, setters, pointers, St.
Bernards and others.
A. R. Day of Fremont, who has the larg
est kennel of St. Bernards In America, Is
on hand with a large number of dogs.
Charles Benson Is showing his famous Car
nation kennel, but his dogs are not en
tered for prises, as Mr. Benson is a mem
ber of the Kennel club. Mrs. Moore has
some of the toy dogs on exhibition with
which sho has won many good and valu
able prises at the leading shows of the
country. Dr. Reed of Valley also has some
high class St. Bernards.
R. A. Newlyn of Landsdowne, Pa., who
Is to Judge the dogs, Is already on hand
and assisting In the work of Installation.
A large Judging ring Is built In the center
of the stage and every afternoon and
evening Mr. Newlyn will Judge the dogs
of the various departments and the public
may watch him at work. Dogs are still
coming In snd It Is expected there will be
over 250 before the entries close.
Antl-Mussle Hero Bingo.
One deg on exhibition and which will at
tract considerable attention because of the
notoriety he attained at one time la the
famous "rausxle" dog Bingo, owned by
Edwin Grcevy, the son of M. J. Oreevy.
The owner of Blng went into court to
enjoin the enforcement of an order whlrh
would require Blng to wear muzzle. Blng
Is a most Intelligent looking deg, being
half water spaniel and half Chesapeake.
Wren the birds are all Installed a count
will be made to see If the Transmlsslsslppl
Poultry show Is not the second largest In
the United Btates, taking second rank to
tho Madison Square Garden thow.
A new arrangement has been made for
the cages of the biids. Several long lines
of cages run lengthwise of the arena In
the middle, but to the sides the cages are
arrsnged crosswise and made doublo
decked to provide more room. The boxes
along th4 side of the audltorlm which were
removed for tho National Corn exposition
are not teplaced, for the poultry show
needs all the space for the coops of the
No arrangements had been made for
prizes for cats, but on Monday morning
when about fifteen fin looking felines ap
peared and wanted to show themselves
President George H. Lea saw It was up
to him to provide room. This was done
and prises will be given. As a special at
traction Gould Uu-ts will show his big
est, winner at the Chicago show.
BOOSTEH HIDES THE TRICKS
Gaaao Cork Beats HI War from Kts.
siesaw to tho Pooltry Show.
Flood will tell. A gam cock owned by
a Kenesaw fancier and not selected by
his owner as an exhibit In the poultry
shew, ' determined to come anyhow.
Not possessed of a freight car ticket the
bird "rode the trucks" all the way In
cn the Burlington. He was found clinging
to a rod underneath a car Monday morn
ing when the car Inspectors went over
and under the train. The cork's comb and
spurs were badly frozen, but otherwisa
I. T as still game and ready to enter th
This Is the hot he use or press agent
teislon of the epltode. According to tht
cemmon, or gsrdea Interpretation, the
(Continued 00 Second Pag.)
"Of all demoralizing; taxes that a nation can Impose upon the people,
Carnegie's testimony before the Ways and Means committee.
Copyright, 1908, by the New Tork Mall and Express company.
SHOCK IN SOUTHERN 1TAL
Earthquake and Tidal Waves Cause
MANY KILLED BY FALLING WALLS
Slellr. Roeolwe tSlSr of tho 'Earth
Tremors shot Lost Fifty-Two
leeoad Harbor. Croat
CATANIA. Sicily, Dec. 28.A tidal wave
swept into this port today, a result of
earthquake disturbances- The people on the
water front were thrown Into an indescrib
able condition of fear. The approach of the
water was seen. Sharp cries of warning
rang out and the people fled Inland.
Where the sailors could get ashore boats
of all kinds were abandoned.
The waters came and left confusion and
damage In their wake. It Is not known
how many lives were lost. A number of
fishing boats were swamped and three
steamers In port were more or less dam
aged. An Austrian steamer, the Budatwo,
was nearly overwhelmed.
Much merchandise plied on the docks
wss washed away. Reports have been re
ceived hero from Palermo, the capital of
Sicily. The shocks there lasted fifty-two
seconds. The telegraph and telephone sys
tems were put out .of business and railroad
communication was Interrupted, but the
marine cables from Palermo are still
Shock Cover Southern. Italy.
ROME, Dec. 28. Southern Italy was
visited by a serious and fatal earthquake
this morning. The center of the disturbance
was In Sicily and the greatest loss of life
and property occurred on this Island. The
reports are n yet Incomplete, but the
people everywhere were thrown Into a con
dition of panic. At Cattlannlssetta, a Sicilian
town of 30,000 people, a number of housas
were shaken down and the Inmates fled
for safety to the streets.
Vast crowds gathered In the parks and
the churches are filled. At Mlneo, a small
town 100 miles southwest of Catania,
several houses collapsed and the scenes
of panic were repeated.
At Catania the docks and shore front
were overwhelmed by a tidal wave. Much
damage was done to the shipping. Details
re lacklrg, but It Is known that several
steamers were damaged. At Catania the
shocks lasted for twenty seconds.
Populace In Terror.
At Agosta, in the province of Syracuse,
two churches and several houses were de
molished, but not lives were lost. The
prisoners In the local Jail made their es
cape and dashed through the praying
crowds on the streets for liberty. The
troops were called out and quiet restored.
There were shocks also at Llndua Gloss,
Santa Suvennlna and Noto, all In Sicily.
The latest reports from Calabria say that
three dead and sixty wounded persons have
been removed from the ruins of Stetacont.
Soldiers have been called In to carry on
the work of succor. The troops have been
ordered also to tear down damaged build
ings In order to minimise the danger from
falllnsT ww Us.
Sixty persons are satd to have sustained
Inquiries at Sannofrlo and the population
Is camping out In the open air. The troops
everywhere are engaged In the work of
HITCHCOCK AT WHITE HOUSE
Repabllcaa tha I rata a Pay Visit to
Prealdeat Roosevelt oa HI
WASHINGTON. Dec. M.-Frank H.
Hitchcock, chairman of the repulbtcaa na
tional ctramlttee, calWd at the Whits
House today snd this afternoon left for
Augusta, Ga., for a conference with President-elect
Taft. He said he probably
would be In Auguata three or four days.
Mr. Hitchcock said that the headquarter
of the republican national committee
would b maintained In Chicago and
Waahtngtoo until after thi Inauguration.
SCIENTISTS IN BALTIMORE
Maay Gather There to Confer Over
S abject s for Advancement
BALTIMORE. Md., Dec. 28. With nearly
1.000 members In attendance, the sixtieth an
nual convention of the American Associa
tion for the Advancement of Bclence opened
In McCoy hall at Johns Hopkins university
today, The sessions will continue through
out the week. AOdrcssesvot welcom"were
made by Mayor Mahool.. Dr. Ira Remsen,
president of Johns Hopkins university, and
Dr. William 11. Walsh of Hopkins.
After the general session the different sec
tions of which the association Is composed,
each devoted to a particular science, met
and papers were read pertinent to tho re
search work of each Individual section.
Notable among them were the section of
social and economic science and the soology
section. Many other Important meetings
were scheduled for the week, Including a
symposium on the "Regulation of the New
York Stock Exchange," on Wednesday aft
ernoon and a Joint meeting Thursday after
noon of . the American Health society, and
section 1 devoted to economics. At the
latter meeting "Public Health" will be dis
cussed. The members of these societies ad
vocate the establishment of a national
health bureau by the government and the
discussion of addresses of this meeting will
be along lines of the necessity and good of
such a bureau.
The entire day of Friday will be devoted
, to the celebration of the centennial of
Charles Darwin's birth; It Is also the fiftieth
anniversary of the first edition of "Origin
of the Species." In the evening there will
be a dinner at Lehmann's hall.
CHICAGO GRAND JURY BUSY
Investigation of Packing; Hons In
dustry by Government Will Be
CHICAGO, Dec. 28. The federal grand
Jury today began the hearing of evidence
In the Investigation of the packing house
Industry. Various employes of the packing
housese who had been served with sub
poenaes were on hand ready to testify.
District Attorney Sims, who was engaged
the greater part of last week In arranging
preliminaries, declined to say before going
Into the jury room Just what course the
Inquiry would take, whether it would be
confined to the railroads and alleged re
bating or whether It was directed chiefly
to ascertain what. If any, combination ex
isted In regard to the packing Industry.
At any rate It was intimated the govern
ment intended to make Its probing thor
ough. Harry C. Dowllng, a department manager
of the packing firm of Morris & Co., ap
peared before the federal grand Jury today
In connection with the rebate investigation.
The testimony in other cases occupied much
of the time of the grand jurors. District
Attorney ms would not specify the num
ber of subpoenas Issued In the rebate In
vestigation, although he said thst many
had been served In the cities. He said that
none of the witnesses sought had attempted
to evade service. It is known that the In
vestigation will continue for at least three
WESTERN MATTERS AT CAPITAL
Rural Carriers Named for Nebraska
and Iowa Routes Xesv Bank
(From a. Staff Correspondent.) . .
WASHINGTON. Dec. 28.-(Spedal Tele
gram.) Rural carriers appointed: Ne
braska, Murray, route 1, William R. Young,
carrier; Lee Knlss, substitute; Tobias,
route 1, Lonnte G. Cummlngs, carrier;
George A. . Wilson, substitute. Iowa,
Greene, route 4. Or man Hood, carrier; Her
man E. McCue, substitute; Shannon City,
rout 1, Perry E. Bllderback, carrier;
Charlie T. Miller, substitute.
George H. Mcintosh, Jr., has been ap
pointed postmaster at Modale, Harrison
county, la., vice W. W. Morton, resigned.
The Milford National bank of Miirord.
Ia., has been authorised to begin business
with (2.000 capital. Milton 8. Dewey 1 pres.
ldent; H. H. Overocker, vie president and
IL 8. Abbott, C
the Income tax Is the worst." Andrew
OFFER OF NORMAL SCHOOL
Wayne Willing" to Donate Private
Institution to the State.
CAR REPORTS FROM RAILROADS
Wlla-FvsTO Exprea. Company Fail
to Sc-parate Stat from Inter
state Soilness in Ita
Report to State.
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
LINCOLN, Dec 28. (Special.) Tho legis
lature Is going to be asked to appropriate
JlOO.OoO to . purchase the property of the
Nebraska Normal college at Wayne. The
trustees of the college at a recent meet
Ing decided to offer the property to the
state. It Is argued that northeast Ne
braska has no state educational institution
and needs one.
Already the trustees are sending out clr
culsrs as follows:
WAYNE. Neb.. Dec. 10. 1908,-Resolu.
tlons passed and signed by the board of
trustees ana president of Nebraska Normal
college at a meeting held on above date
in the ornoe of J. T. Bress er of Wavne
Whereas, The Nebraska Normal college
oi uyne, ieo., nas Deen in successful
operation seventeen years and has a well
equipped norma; school plant, consisting
n iwo rernai on nuuaings, rive dorm I
lories, president's residence, central heat
Ing plant all supplied with complete lines
or appropriate rurniture, fixtures and id
paratus with a value of more than SltO,
Oiio and could not be duplicated at present
for that sum, and
Whereas, The trustees of said Nebraska
ivorman college and educators of north
Nebraska believe the educational Inter
ests of this section of the state would be
advanced by establishing and maintaining
n Biit iiuiuiai i:iihii i wayne, iet.,
Rjesolved, That the trustees and h
president of the Nebraska Normal college
tender to the state of Nebraska for 100,.
Ouo the entire property of the college for
inn cmauiiHiimeni ana maintenance of
state normal school by the state.
This Is signed by President J. M. Pile
nnu miners J. I. iiressler, H. C. Iv H
l Th.nk.IJ A A .1-1 I . ...
, '- Turner,
H. F. Wilson. Dan Harrington, H. C. Hen
ney and R. Phllleo.
Comparative Car Conditions.
Following Is a statement showing car
conditions In Nebraska for twenty-four-hour
period ending December 23, 1908, com-
parca with, same period of 1907:
n..,. . , , 1907. 1908.
Kmpty stock cars on hand.... 2,318 2 102
Krr.pty stock cars ordered.... 61 '?M
Kmpty box cars on hand I.ft-,8 3 848
Kmpty box cars ordered 1,271 i.ai-j
CU, othf r mt'''al loaded.. w otil
r,r?lVv2JZror ,or t-'hadron division
w. ... iuiiiiwcair;i 11,
Wells-Fnraro Report Iaromnl.i.
The Wells-Fargo Express company has
followed the example set by the Union
Paclflo railroad and has failed to report
state and Interstate business separately to
...n runway commission. The annual re
port of the company, long delaved h
been filed. It shows operatllng revenue
amounting to 113,259.913 28 and operating ex.
penses amountin gto 110.310.887.62. The com
pany operates over 113 90 miles of railroad
line in Nebraska. The president of tli
company. Dudley Evans of New York, Is
paia iiio.ooo a year. Of the several dlvl-
sion general managers, R. A. Wells a
ny, gets me most Ho Is paid
$10,000 a year. The lowest salary reported
is aj.uuu a year. .
Iirlef In Florence Case.
Charles Elgutter of Omaha, attorney for
Samuel Hats and others who have a com
plaint before the Railway commission, says
In a brief filed with the commission that
It matters not whst the Minneapolis
t-miana road calls the rates between
Omaha and Florence. He savs if
ity rates ult the railroad company better
than swltohing rates, well and good. All
the complainants want Is fair rate for
different commodities. He says lumber Is
no longer snipped from Omaha by rail to
Florence, but 1s hauled by wagon at a
saving of flO a carload, as a remilt r ti..
exorbitant rates charged by the Minneap
olis & omana for more than a y
Crushed stone Is made to Day tJO
w hich tho road hauled for years at SS a
(Continued on Third Page.)
GABY REVISES HIS TESTIMONY
Steel King Changes Some Figures He
Dare While on Stand.
CLAYTON AGAINST OBSTRUCTION
Democratic Leader Says Party's Policy
Must Not Be One of Negation.
DEBUT OF ETHEL ROOSEVELT
President's Tonnsrest Danghter Is
Formally Presented to the
Yoana-fr Bet la National
WASHINGTON, Dec. 8.-The work of
preparing the revised tariff bill was re
sumed today by the subcommittee of the
house ways and means committee. Two
meetings were held today snd there Is
every likelihood that tho tariff framing
committee, which consists of republican
members of tho full committee, will con
tinue to hold daily meetings until tha
time comes to report the hill to congress
at tho special session In March.
The changes requested are varied. Judge
E. H. Gary has returned the printed copy
of his testimony with the corrections he
desires made in the final report of the
hearings. He does not change the sub
stance of his testimony, but has mndn sev
eral corrections In the figures which he
gave while on the stand before the com
mittee. The tariff frumers are giving much con
sideration to the maximum duty problem
for the new tariff. Although the United
States wss the first to apply this method
of securing favorable trade relations with
other countries, it ha never applied the
principle to more than a few articles, while
several foreign countries have adopted the
system to cover everything.
If a maximum snd minimum tariff bill
becomes a law it will be possible for the
president to extend the benefits of the
minimum tariff to those countries which
give to this 'country the benefit of their
differential rates of duty. Great Britain
would secure the benefits of our minimum
rates because It levies no duties on Im
portations. Germany and France, each of
which has a maximum and minimum tariff
law, would probably offer to grant to this
country their schedule of duties If tho
same privilege Is extended to their ex
porters. The United States has rade treaties
with France, Germany, Italy, Portugal,
Spain nd SwIUerland, granting a reduc
tion In the duties on certain articles only.
Clayton Aaralnst Negation Policy.
Henry D. Clayton of Alabama., chairman
of the democratic caucus of th house of
representatives, today expressed hi view j
as to the democratic attitude In the pro
posed revision of the ' tariff.
'I have the most implicit confidence In
tha capacity . of Cliamp Clark and hi
democratic associates of the ways and
means committee," said Mr. Clayton, "and
would In no particular Invade their ap
pointed Jurisdiction to speak for my party
In committee deliberations on the tariff.
Indeed, I would vote for any revenue
measure they might propose, but as a
democrat and the representative of a con
stituency grievously oppressed by the
exactions for prlvste Interests of th Ding-
ley low, I do not believe It Impertinence
on my part to offer some suggestions.
"In my opinion It is not sufficient for the
democrats In the next congress to assume
an attitude of simply negation and merely
oppose what the republicans offer. We
must formulate an entire tariff bill, cover
ing every schedule from agate to sine and
go to the committee of the whole with It,
Champion It, demand revision on Its every
schedule and ask for the yeas and nays
on it In the house. It should be carefully
considered In principles and In detail. In
short, It should be a measure wa can go
to the country on. Th democrats ar un
excelled to kick things to pieces, let us
show that we can put things together as
the old party did In the time of Jackson
and of Polk. We can do tt. It requires
"Then we are to have, so It Is said, the
maximum and minimum, which Is another
name for reciprocity. Of course, the repub
licans Insist on making; the maximum as
big as they dare; but our bills might fit
In for the minimum In some of the
schedules, and let u press It.
"The republicans are thundering In the
Index. Tliey cannot revise th tariff 'down.'
Who gathers figs from thistles or grapes
from thorns? And yet that Is the crop of
figs and grapes Cannon, Aldrich, Burrows,
Dulxell and company will give us.
"We want a complete bill on which to go
to the country In 1910."
Debut of Mlsa Roosovett.
President Roosevelt's youngest daJghUr,
Ethel, tonight made hr-r formal bow to
society. Preceding th dancing In th
east room of the White House, whlcli
began at 10 o'clock, Mrs. Roosevelt and
Miss Roosevelt received the gui-sts In tho
blue rooms. Miss Roosevelt's gown was
of soft white satin trimmed with crystals,
while that of her mother was of dark blue
Seldom has the east room presented a
more attractive picture. The guests num
bered about 40, only unmarried member
of the younger set participating In th
dancing. Among those present were:
Mrs. WIlllHm H. Cowley, snd Mrs. Doug
las Robinson, the president' two sisters;
Mr. and Mrs. Nicholas Ihk worth, Mrs.
J. Emln Roosevelt, Mrs. Hopkins. Mr. and
Mrs. Robert Bacon, Mrs. Charles A. Munn,
Mrs. Richard Wayne. Barker and Mrs.
. At mMniglit the. music crssed and th
guests partook of a supper, which whs
served at small tables arranged along th
lower corridor and adjoining rooms.
.Preceding the ball, M.ss Roosevelt was
the gu-et of hon r at a dinner given by
Assistant Secretary and Mrs. Bacon.
Covers were laid for sixty, the party
going later to the Whlto House. Mrs. C. A.
Munn also entertsliied a large house party,
which later went to the White House.
Mrs. and Miss Roosevelt e.r-j entertain
ing a house party for the dance. Th
party. Including Miss Josephine Osborne,
M!ss Ellen I!. rt(.ji;. M:s Cornelia
Landon, Miss Madeline Ucilan. Mis
Janetta Alexander. Miss Virginia Murrsy,
Suydam Cuttliisr, Henry Holt, Jr.; Barclay
D borne, jr.; Stephen I- Landon, Kdmund
Osborne, Jr., Stephen La Landon. Edmund
Rogers, Munros Robinson, Robert PotUr,
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