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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 28, 1908)
TUB OMAHA DAILY BEE; MONDAY. DECEMBER 28, IOCS.
The Omaha Daily Bee
FOUNDED BT EDWARD ROBEWATElt
VICTOR ROSEWATER. EDITOR.
Entered at Omaha poatofflce as seeoed.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. '
Dally lu-e (without Sunday), on year.MOJ
Dally bee and Sunday, one 7-f
DELIVERED BT CARRIER.
Pally Bee (Including Handny), per week.. Wo
Dally He (without Sunday), per week.. 10a
Evening Bee (without Sunday), per wek
Evening Be (with Sunday . PT week, l"
Sunday Boa, on year JJ2
Saturday H, one year I-6
Addreaa all eomplalnte if lrwnilrta i In
delivery to City circulation department.
Omaha Tha Bm flntldfnaj.
Suth Omaha Twenty-fonrth ana r.
Coonrll Bluffs U Scott Street.
IJneoln 81 Little Building.
Chlrairo IMS Marquette BulMlng.
New Tork-Rnome 1101-1101 No. M West
Washington 721 Frrortaenth street. N. W.
Communications relatlnir to news en4 edi
torial matter should he addreased: Omaha
See, Editorial Department.
Remit ty draft. epreea or poatal ordaf
payable to Tha Bea Publishing Company
Only 2-rent stamps received in payment ef
mall accounts. Personal checks, except en
Omaha or eaatern exchanges, not accepted.
STATEMENT OF CTRCTXTjATIOT'f.
Stare of Nebraska, Douglas County, ee.!
Oeorae B. Tsachurk. treasurer of Tha
Baa Publishing company, being duly sworn,
aaya that the actual number ot full and
complete poplea of Tha Dally. Momma.
Evening and Sunday Bea printed during the
month of November, an aa followai
1 44,000 1 87.860
1 88,100 IT sr.iso
t 48480 It 8870
4... 84,880 II SV888)
I 49.880 J T'SI
... 88,800 fl 8T.800
7 88,380 l 8760
87,400 l 87,010
8 87.840 14 87,080
10 87,810 S ww0
11 87.780 It..'.
It 8780 tl VtW
It 87,880 II W90
87,580 tt 88,700
It 88,600 II 8TJI10
T8tal .'. MJVS
Less unsold and returned eoptea. ,T
jft toui ;. "2
GEORGE B. TZ8CHUCK.
Subacrlbed In my presence and '
before ma Uila 1st day of Dcember. Ilia.
(SaaU U. P. WALKER.
WIIEN OCT OF TOW.
Sabaertaere leavta tna altr ten
aererllr eaoal nave Tae Ba
aaalled ta theae. AUiaa will ao
About the last call for the leap year
"The democratic party la very much,
alive," saya Mr. Bryan. It is If It
It la not too early to Inquire
whether we have cable connectlona
with the Jungles of Africa.
Henry W. Poor, a New York broker,
baa made good on his name by fall
ing for $(,000,000. Poor Poor.
Despondent because he had ceaaed
to be a novelty, Barnum'a original
"bearded lady" committed suicide the
It la now President Gomes of Cuba
and President domes of Venesnela.
Gomel must be' the Smith alias in
We have no doubt the city officials
of Pittsburg agree with certain con
gresaroen that secret service men
should be eliminated.
It would be a severe shock to some
congressmen If they should find that
they did not etop the secret service
activities soon enough.
Congressman Dalsell haa formally
withdrawn from the senatorial race in
Pennsylvania, although he has made
a record as a standpatter.
"A dollar found la leas valuable
than a quarter earned," aaya the Chi
cago Newa. Perhaps, but the finder
never feela that way about It
We hope Mr. Castro will have a
new photograph taken before be
makes another break to bring him
Into International prominence.
A Washington dispatch aaya that
the hands of the president are tied.
Still, congress knowa that the presi
dent can dictate with his hands tied.
Omaha has come through the year
ao far with a pretty good record of
freedom from crime, and that record
should not be spoiled during the last
.Mr. Hearst says that the Independ
ence party is too far ahead of the
times. The returns on November 3
Indicated that It waa too far behind
For the year ending with September
724,212 foreigners came to thla coun
try and 712,626 returned. The ateam
ahip companies caught them coming
The American troops will be with
drawn from Cuba on January 28, but
most of them have an Idea that they
may soon have to play a return en
The number of men being men
tioned for secretary of the navy la
still smaller than the number who
have held that position within the last
Those warring Lincoln traction
companies will eventually get together
by reaching an agreement on the
amount of water to be poured Into the
The man accused of stealing $173.
000 from the subtreasury in Chicago
baa brought suit tor damagea tor false
Imprisonment, thua recalling the fact
that someone walked off with a for.
tua from the aubtreaaary about
ear ago gad bit escaped capture.
TBS TIGHT ox postal SAYIXOS.
The opposition to the postal Dar
ings banks system, now under discus
sion in the senate, is being confined
practically to the argument set up in
resolutions by the bankers' associa
tions In several states that the plan
would work hardship on the savings
banks and other financial Institutions
already established. This opposition
is voiced by the )'ashlngton Post, as
Suppose a poatal saving bank ia es
tablished and every poatofflce la mid a
depoaltory. Timid folks will remove their
deposits from tha banka wa now have,
to tha Injury, If not the ruin, of thou
sands of worthy financiers, who do so
much to advance the material prosperity
of tha people.
The record In all countries that
have tried the postal bank system is
against this contention. The British
bankers fought the plan for years, but
when the system was adopted it was
discovered that, while as many as 50,
000 persons appeared in the post
offices to open accounts on a single
day, the business of the private banks
also Increased, Instead ot being dimin
ished. There are today nearly 11,
000,000 savings accounts In the Brit
ish postal banks, each averaging about
$72 and the private savings banks
have been . benefited instead of In
jured. In France there are 4.000,000
persons who have f 1,000 each In the
postal banks and nearly 2,000,000
who have $2,000 each, and yet the
private banks in France are the most
prosperous In the world. The testi
mony all is that the postal banks en
courage thrift and furnish real aid to
the private financial concerns.
One strong argument in favor of
the postal savings banks 1b made by
Postmaster General Meyer when he
points out that $3,590,245,402 of the
savings accounts of the country are
la fourteen states, while only 1.6 por
cent of the total savings deposits are
held In the remaining thirty-two
states and territories. He adds:
In the thirty-two statea referred to there
are many localities where there , are no
savings banka, and In some cases no
banka of any kind. It Is there that con
siderable money la held In hiding, which
Is neither abaolutely safe nor In circula
tion for tha benefit of the community.
It haa bean estimated that altogether
fully $500,000,000 not placed In any bank,
due to want of opportunity or lack of
confidence, might be brought back Into
circulation through the agency of postal
As an evidence of the demand for
postal savings banks, we have reports
from postmasters that they have been
compelled to refuse to accept deposits
offered by foreigners for safe keeping,
and also that our own people have bought
poatal money orders during the last year,
payable to themselves, to the extent of
A poatofflce Inspector has reported that
one family residing near a small post
office In Washington has $11,000 on de
posit In the postal banks of British Co
lumbia. About the only other serious objec
tion offered is that found in the dem
ocratic national platform which "con
demns the policy of the republican
party In proposing a plan (postal sav
ings banks) fcy which. they will aggre
gate the deposits of rural communi
ties and redeposlt the same while un
der government charge with the banks
of Wall street." The pending bill
provides that the deposits received at
the poatofflce be deposited In national
banka, "at the nearest practicable
point." or invested in state, territorial
-or municipal bonds. The entire effect
of the plan would be to prevent the
accumulation of these deposits in "Wall
The republican party ia pledged to
give the country a postal savings
banks system, Mr. Taft is committed
to It, the representatives in congress
are obligated to It and It Is a step ln
the direction of national progress that
the people demand shall be taken.
HOW TAR IS IT APPLICABLE.
In the public statement which he
gave out shortly after election Mr.
Bryan declared that he would expect
his democratic legislature in Nebraska
to enact Into law all the pledges in the
democratic platforms that could be
made applicable to state conditions.
He haa not, however, aa yet specified
which ot the platform pledges pro
claimed at Denver are applicable for
It goes without saying that Mr.
Bryan considers his bank deposit guar
anty scheme just as feasible for a sin
gle state as for the nation, and that
he also regards the state as equally
competent within Its borders to make
the physical valuation of railroad
property, which he demanded for the
whole country. How much further he
would have his democratic legislature
go In his home state is a subject for
Would he have the legislature
change the state law governing Judi
cial procedure so aa to make trial by
Jury necessary In all cases for con
tempt not committed within the pres
ence of the court? t
Would he abolish the power of the
state courts to Issue restraining orders
for any purpose whatsoever without
first giving notice to all partlea con
cerned and granting a hearing on the
Would he put into effect in Ne
braska his proposal to license corpora
tlona controlling more than 25 per
cent of the product consumed In this
state and bar them out If the amount
controlled should exceed 50 per cent
of the product?
Would he make compulsory by law
a. limitation on the size of any cam
palgn contribution and compel publl
cation ot receipts and expenditures be
Would he impose an Income tax aa
a tneans of raising atate revenue?
These are only a few of the ques
tions that may be formulated with the
Denver platform as their groundwork
it that pronunclamento la to be bind
ing upon Nebraska's Impending legis
lature. It lit, .WJUlU XUiXi But
a program showing what part of the
Denver platform Is applicable for state
legislation and what Is not he would
help clear the legislative track.
BOTH BRIBERS AXD BRIBED.
The cheering feature of the exposure
of the graft scandal at Pittsburg, as
a result of which a doxen members of
the. city council have been arrrested,
is the fact thst bribe givers as well
as the bribe takers have been caught.
In too many cases the corrupt official
la hounded from office or sent to prison
while the causa of his misconduct
escapes punishment, but in the Pitts
burg case the officials of a bank which
has admitted to having paid $17,500
to be selected as the depository of the
city funds, bare been caught along
with the bribed councilmen.
An interesting sidelight is thrown
on the deal by the fact that the bank
ers In question are financiers of the
corporation that own the bridges be
tween Pittsburg and Allegheny, re
cently consolidated, and have been
successful in defeating all plans to
have the city purchase the bridges and
make them free highways. Under the
circumstances It appears that" there,
was more in the bribery than the
honor and profit of being made cus
todian of the city'B funds. The tax
payers and citizens ot Pittsburg have
become aroused to the situation and
propose to punish the municipal cor
rupters equally with those who fell
before their temptations. This Is a
blow at the real root ot the bribery
evil. There would be no bribe takers
if there were no bribe givers.
HEW DEAL IX VES EZ VELA.
All of the civilized powers will wel
come the change that has been
wrought in Venezuela In the complete
overthrow of the Castro government.
Vice President Gomez, who has been
officially and formally recognized as
Castro's successor, has developed
ability beyond all' expectations and Is
apparently making an honest and In
telligent effort to right many of the
wrongs done by Castro in his nine
years domination ot tne . country.
Gomez has already settled a long
standing boundary dispute with Co
lombia, has restored the freedom of
the press, abolished certain monopolies
oppressive to the people and used by
Castro to amass a gigantic fortune,
and Is showing a disposition to make
Venezuela the real power In the Car
ribbean that ft Is entitled to be by
reason of Its resources.
Nearly every nation that has trade
beyond Its borders has had trouble
with Castro in the last nine years
and each will be disposed to concede
much and forget more if Gomez car
ries out the program he has Inaugu
rated. In the meantime, Castro is
sending cables from Berlin ordering
an attack on the Dutch .fleet and
promising to straighten out all diffi
culties. It is recognized, however, that
his sun has set and that he has been
eliminated as a power for evil in the
1 A RIFF AXD TEMPERATCRE.
The Washington climate la the one
thing against which the standpatters
cannot prevail. The senate and house
may get deadlocked over a measure
and threaten to remain In session all
summer, before either will yield a
mooted point, but when the mercury
mounts to the neighborhood of the
century mark old General Humidity
takes active command and the asphalt
pavements of the capital city become
quagmires from heat, the call of the
mountains and lakes is Irresistible and
the clerks and servants get busy in
packing the trunks and suitcases. The
record shows that one congress re
mained in session until the middle
of August, wrangling over a tariff bill,
which the country repudiated at the
next election, but all other precedents
argue In favor of about July 1 as get
away day for the summer session.
Some of the veteran members of
congress are already urging Mr. Taft
to call the special tariff session Im
mediately after his Inauguration, in
order that the revision bill may be
gotten out ot the way before Wash
ington surrenders to the heat. It
Is figured that If congress takes an
early start, say by the middle ot
March, the tariff bill should become
a law by July 1. Therein lies the op
portunity and safety of the revision
ists. If they will forget the tempera
ture and stand out valiantly tor their
claims the standpatters will have to
weaken by July 1.
The bank deposit guaranty law ia
expected to be the prime piece ot
workmanship turned out of the com
ing Nebraska legislature. Why there
should be any need to go Into the sub
ject anew after, the Oklahoma law was
held up by all the democratic candi
dates and orators as the pink of per
fection ready made for engrafting on
the statute book of every state Is In
explicable. AH that should be needed
would seem to be to procure a certified
copy of the Oklahoma deposit guar
anty law properly attested over the
autograph ot Governor Haskell and
the great seal of state and let it slide
through by its own momentum.
The designation by Secretary Cor
telyou of the bonds that will be ac
ceptable as securities for deposits of
public funds Includes certain classes
of state and , municipal bonds, which
ought to strength the market for such
bond issues at least a shade. Ne
braska has no state bonds outstand
lng, but Omaha is on the bond market
occasionally and may get some benefit.
The World-Herald Is still toying
with Us pet scheme "to defeat the
lobby" at Lincoln this winter by tak
ing the appointment of the house com
mittees out of the hands of the
speaker and. bvlu the kguaa copy
after the senate, where the corporation
agents pick the committees through a
pliant committee on committees, but
it Is not so sure now that this plan
will be adopted. Some candidate for
speaker ought to come out publicly In
favor of thla wonderful scheme and
see if the World-Herald would then
turn in with a real effort to land him
in tne speaker s chair.
Little Is to be expected from the railroad
lobby thla year, elnce there is likely to be
little legislation directly affecting the rail
Of course not. The railroads
helped elect the democratic legislature
in Nebraska and they are to have their
pay In the form of legislative immu
nity without depending on the usual
Incidentally, the ruling that the su
preme court judges draw their in
creased pay under the new constitu
tional amendment from December 1
will carry with it Increased pay from
the same date for all the district
Judges. It is a safe guess that no
court will reverse that decision.
The jury haa disagreed In the case
against Beach Hargls, the Kentucky
feudist, charged with the murder of
his father. The testimony shows that
the elder Hargls taught hia boy to
shoot about the time he learned to
A Montana coiyt haa held that the
proofreader and not the editor Is the
responsible person to make answer to
parties with grievances. We have al
ways felt confident that the proof
reader would get hia some day.
It Is reported that J. Pierpont Mor
gan paid $12,000 for a Caxton a a
recent sale In London. That will seem
a big price to folks who do not know
whether a Caxton is a blooded horse,
a painting or an automobile.
Because he is out of the receiver
ship of the Chicago Great Western
does not mean that A. B. Stickney is
out of the railroad business. Omaha
will continue to pin Its faith to Mr.
The management of the next heavy
weight championship pugilistic- bout
ought to be more considerate and lo
cate the event at some place where the
cables are beyond Interfererce by
The Interstate Commerce commis
sion is convinced that the "accessorial
allowance," which figures in the re
ports ot many railroads, is simply the
rebate traveling tinder a disguise.
Some of those Pittsburg politicians
who have been . anxious to enter the
race to succeed. Senator Knox will
probably wait,, now until the grand
jury makes Its final report.
And now we are' assured that poli
tics will be cut' out of the business of
the coming session of Nebraska's
democratic legislature altogether. We
have heard that before.
The H lab. ball Whoop.
The New England association of Brook
lyn cut out the customary toast to tha
president and drank to "The Sovereign
People." Now, will the president bo good?
Saallea af Gipertaaey,
Taft said at m recent dinner: "I am glad
you all praise ma before I have taken
office." He knows full weB that no man
who ever lived was able In office to please
ConSdan.ee In Klaarca.
A f59,003,OJO smelting trust has been In
corporated In New Jersey, and a ISO.OOO.CO)
telephone bond Issue haa been filed In Chi
cago. Thua It will be seen that confidence
haa arrived at a atate of restoration where
it catches them Coming and going.
Those writers who think that the next
secretary of state, Mr. Knox, will dictate
or select the other cabinet officers mani
festly never saw or never read the forma
tion of other cabinets. Presidents select
their cabinet One member of a cabinet
does not select tha other cabinet officers.
All cabinet officera are equal and none la
"premier," except In tha aensa of being
selected first. Hamilton Fish was secretary
of state under Grant. Instead of being the
first man selected he was the last.
The HeaMBsklt Middle Grennd.
Those engaged In great enterprises ot
organised capital sea nothing but benefit
and good in corporations. Those who sea
the big profits in such enterprises, but get
none of them, aee nothing but evil. Each
views the situation from hia own stand'
point of Individual interest, and the mix
tures of evil and good stands, from these
one-sided views, the less chance of redu
clng the minimum, of tha one and reaching
the maximum of the other. The falr-to-all
view ia the only working atandpotnt for
Pablle Dishonesty Will Oat.
Kanaas City Star.
No doubt there are bribers and bribe
takers among great and small legislators,
that never have been caught, and some
that never will be exposed and punished;
but the lesson of events is that tha be
trayal of a public trust for money la a
mighty dangeroua piece of business. Sooner
or later there la sura to be a "leak" In
nearly every graft combination, and while
it la difficult to punish some of these evil
doers even after the evidence haa been es
tabllshed, the penalties of exposure and
scandal are heavy la themselves. Just now
Mr Nemesis is doing business in Pitta-
burg. . .
Eealans Defender ( Par Food.
Some of the sugar refiners have made
complaint ' against H. W. Wiley, chief
chemist In tha United States Department
of Agriculture, charging him with "par
niclous activity" In enforcing the law (?)
and asking for hia removal from office,
We do not think tha country will have
much patience with the people who are
attacking the pure food laws aad the gov
ernment agenta who are trying to enforce
them. Tha general Impression la that Prof.
Wiley haa served the people well in Ma of
fice and that hia seal ia a. In behalf of
good food lawa and a rigid enforcement of
tUeui la behalf ot the consume
bits or WASHIXOTOV i.irR.
Mlaar Seeaea aaj larlfeata Sketeaed
a the Sjtat.
Tonight will witness one of those rars
vorlal events which Illumine the history
of the WhHe House, tha coming-out ball
of a daughter of tha president. Miaa Ethel
Rooaevelt wilt make her debut on that
occasion, and of course tha youngor offi
cial set la In a flutter. There Is to txt
three supplementary dances later on, which
will make thla "coming out" a larger and
more extended social function than any
of its predecessors. It Is said that Miss
Ethrt is not a bit anxious to make her
debut. She la having a good enough time
with her books and her mitalo and her
good friends and her outdoor sports and
pastimes. To have all this easy going,
happy life Interrupted by an avalanche of
dinners and dances and theater parties and
similar debutante delights bad no appeal
whatever for the president's younger
daughter, who, like her mother, Is not fond
of the publicity, excitement and notoriety
which fall to tha lot of a White Housa
Pleadings put off the data for a whola
year, but this aeasotf, ilka a dutiful
daughter. Miss Ethel faced the muslo. Now
that she has taken tha first step she is
waking up to the Jolly times even a presi
dent's daughter may have, and no merrier
gurst attends the debutant fetes than de
mure Miss RoosovelL
A Congressional Record printed on corn
stalk made paper Is tha newest theme
among members of the national house. Tha
committee on agriculture started the talk
after Ita member had been shown a great
variety of cornstalk paper samples. ' Thass
rarged from semi-waterproof paper, fit for
wiapplng butter, to a highly calendered
product adapted to fashionable correspond
ence." Tha members of tha committee were
greatly surprised to leara that such prog
ress had already been made toward utilis
ing tha 70.noo.000 tons and rrore of corn
stalks that grow In .the United States every
year. Experts of tha Department of Agri
cultura exhibited, the samples, some of
which wero manufactured by tha soda
prccees. They told tha committee that tha
outlook was so promising as to demand
vlitually that tha government speedily ex
pkre the commercial possibilities of the
new product. There is every Indication
that the committee will recommend a gen
erous appropriation for this purpose.
me commercial problem rests in con
siderable part with tha relative cost of
cornstalks and of spruce, reports a Boston
Herald correspondent. Only figures In the
roigh are yet obtainable. Probably a ton
of pulp from cornstalks suited for making
into print paper will call for raw material
to cost not over $17 a ton at the mill, a
ton of similar pulp from spruce means raw
material worth about $10, although the price
of spruce is constantly going higher.
Senator Dolllver of Iowa amrnvea nf th
president's idea of putting all tha affairs
railroad, telegraph and telenhona mm.
panles engaged In Interstate business under
ma jurisdiction of the Interstate Onmnr
commission and has Introduced a bill for
tna regulation and issue of securities nf .u
Tha measure la comparatively hold In it.
nature and goes far enough to satisfy the
most rampant of those wbo belleva that
railroad companies are exceeding their nriuv
llegea and committing wholeaale robberies
oi xne peome through "watering" of
stack, juggling securities and n..i
manipulation of Interests which go far
oeyona serving the bubllc wHh transporta
In order to give tha Interatata ronmum.
commission full supervision over the Issu
ance or securities of Interstate concerns
Senator Dolllver has Incorporated 1n his
bill the La Follette plan providing for phys
ical valuation of property.
It la provided that no Interstate eon.
cern shall issue any share of atock unless
the par value of said atock haa been paid
in casn into its treasury or unless it la
Issued In exchange for property or secur
ities at a value not to exceed actual value
equal In amount to at least par of stock.
me Din permits a corporation after th
expiration of two years to sell lu stock at
a discount, provided the Interstate Com
merce commission gives Its consent, which
consent shall be regulated according to tha
welfare of the public In regard to such
A considerable portion of the bill la de
voted to funded Indebtedness. It Is pro
vided that bonds shall mature in no case
arter a longer period than fifty years, and
that, taking v into account the data nf
maturity and rate of interest guaranteed.
tney snail not yield to their holders a
greater amount than 7 per cent per annum.
Transportation concerns shall not acnuir
stocks or securities of other companies
wnicn nave parallel lines and comDetlns
Preferred stocks shall not yield a srreator
dividend that I per cent. All atock not
Issued according to the terms of the pro
posed law is to be llleaal. with a. fin r
$5,000 upon officials and Imprisonment for
That Speaker Cannon is not wholly re
sponsible for the restricted methods of leg
islation In tha house of representatives is
shown by the Washington correspondent of
the Springfield (Maas.) Republican. In his
view the speaker ia used aa a buffer by
members of congress who play politics.
"One largely contributing reason," saya the
writer, "why In past years there have been
few or no committee calls In the hoiue of
tee has favorably considered a disputed bill
representatives is that after soma commit-
individual members flocked to the speaker
and Implored him not to let the bill come
to a vote, although It was already on the
calendar aa a result of the committee's ac
tion. This description is absolutely by the
card. In the cases of certain antl-liquor
bills and labor bills members have gone to
the speaker by the score and told him that
It would either Jeopardise or actually end
their political existence If they were forced
to openly record a vote either for of
against. The result has been that the
speaker has made himself a buffer, and
that tha possibility of bringing up the dan
geroua moaaures has been avoided by aban
doning tha call of committees and by pick
ing out other measures on the calendar by
means of the ever ready expedient of a
special rula from the rules committee, or
rather under general suspension of tna
rules. The Individual members havo then
gone home, and When asked by constituents
why such and such a b II did not come up
have declared that the speaker throlteJ
II, which may have been true, though by no
meana all of tha truth In all caves. Clearly
thla constitutes a fraud on the public. But
congressmen have become so accuatonnt
to seeing tha speaker perform this party
service as a buffer that they frankly atate
It to be one of the purpoaes for which ha
is cboeen, and as it is, they do the choos
ing, they can be credited w.th accuracy."
A Malnneholy atatront.
New York Tribune.
Tha Dalai Lam baa had his fling hi the
giddy whirl of (he outer world, and new
somewhat reluctantly retires to remote
Lhaaaa. with preatlga diminished. Illusions
dispelled and a memory of various head
aches and chills. Tha Potaie will never
again be what It waa, and even as "The
Sincere and Loyal Spreader of Civilisation"
bis Tibetan Holiness will henceforth
scarcely rank above a doll whose sawdust
interior has bea disclosed.
J. L. Brandeis & Sons
Largest Commercial Slate Bank in Nebraska
Resources Over $1,000,000.00
4 INTEREST PAID
All Deposits Guaranteed
Ol'R "REEKING" COl'ISTRV.
Oatbavst, of Palplt Senentloaallem
New York Sun.
Tha Rev. Charles F. .Aked, minister of
the Fifth Avenue Baptist church, does not
aeem to be very well satisfied with the
country to which he waa Imported from
Great Britain to preach the gospef. Speak
ing to the members ot the New England
society In this city he admonished his hear
"Tou cannot be great while your country
reeks with social injustice and political
wrong; when capital and labor are ready
almost to settle their differences In the
smoke of battle; whan all over the land
women In sweatshops are singing ths song
of the shirt; when the cry of children Is
heard In factorlea all over the land. Worst
of all la the materialism we see on every
hand debasing Its people."
Are things really as bad as this? Does
our country "reek" with social Injustice
and political wrong? Are capital and labor
ready to fly at one another In revolutionary
combat T la the case ot the women in
sweatshops and the children In factories so
hopeless of amelioration as the reverend
speaker intimates? And Is the spirit of ma
terialism debasing the people?
We rather think not. Dr. Aked's lan
guage ia the utterance of gross- exagger
ation. There Is no land In the world where
there ia less social Injustice than there la
In the United States of America. It la pre
posterous to assert that a country reeks
with political wrong In which a man of
such character as William II. Taft haa Just
been chosen president; and how abont a
state which has just elected Charles E.
Hughes for the second time to be Its gov
ernor? Notwithstanding the antagonisms
aroused by some of the utterances of Mr.
Rooaevelt. there are hopeful' signs of a
better understanding between capital and
labor. Thousands of devoted men and
women are constantly giving time and
money to Improve the condition of the work
ers In sweatshops and factories. Aa for
materialism, if that Is making progress,
which we gravely doubt, who Is responsi
ble therefor more than tha church?
That there are evils of the character In
dicated by Dr. Aked cannot be questioned;
but that they era predominant, as he also
Intimates, we emphatically deny. The
country does not "reek" with theae evils at
all; but the pulpit reeks with nonsense
when It Is made the agency of such at
tacks upon Its fair fame.
Careleean'ean of Voters Reaponalble for
St. Louis Republic
No one can read of the efforts to punish
bribery and purify the municipal govern
ment in Pittsburg without asking himself
how lone it will be before American cities
learn to govern themselves. Experience
may be a good teacher, but the cities learn
slowly and one revulsion of public sentiment
under disclosures of graft and perfidy is
followed by a lapse of feeling which opena
the door for new opportunities, new thefts
and another spasmodic revulsion.
The astonishing thing Is that from tha
experiences of New Tork, Philadelphia, St.
Louis, Pittsburg, San Francisco and Min
neapolis there has apparently come little
knowledge. The people go on electing the
vicious and the vicious go on with the pil
fering. Galveston and Des Moines seem to
be tha only cities that have closed the door
to opportunities and secured that stability
of conscience which Is Insurance of a
peaceful, virtuous and hpnest future. Fort
Worth, Dallas snd other Texas cities have
followed the lead of Oalveston, but that
city seems to be the only one that has ar
rived at a correct solution of the problems.
Ths solution Is aided by the adoption of
tha form of government by commission,
perhaps, but the point of supreme im
portance Is the awakening of the civic
conscience, tha stirring of the spirit pt
patriotism and the deliberate and un
animous determination that the affairs ot
tha municipality shall be conducted with
out the interference of pontics or poli
ticians, but solely tor the benefit of the
people. So long as the reckless ambitions
of selfseektra are allowed to obtrude them
selves and tha people deliberately choose
for their representatives men interested to
serve themselves, their lntarests and their
friends, ao long will we have recurrent out
breaks of bribery and graft. The form of
the government is important, but the dispo
sition of the people Is of vsatly greater im
portance. It Is a rldiculoua truism that the
people of every municipality have exactly
tha kind of government they want.
Derelicts of Civilisation.
Chicago Inter Ocean.
Tears ago Walter Bagehot wrote that
there were thouaands of men living wbo
ware not a whit mora civilised than the
average man waa t,0"0 years ago. Thla
same Idea Irresistibly occurs to one. who
reads how the Raelfoot Lake night riders
whipped woman after woman during their
career of murder and terrorism. It would
probably surprise theae man to hear that
they were uncivilised. But the truth is
that they are Immeasurably below the eth
ical standard of thousands of the barba
rians who were living when Christ came
and Caesar Augustus reigned. Our Chris
tian civilisation StUl draws In Us lagging
train numerous types belonging to the
world's unhappy outh.
Vadsrenrreat of Sons.
Mr. Rockefeller aaya that travel broad
ens a man. The editor ot the Pittsburg
(J alette aaya, on the contrary, It muxes
him abort. Bo much for the calling la of
Eminent cltisens not mentioned for a
cabinet position need not feel slighted.
Their time will come.
Footprints supposed to be at least dO.Otiu
years old have been discovered at Toronto,
but the people who made them seem to
have moved away. , .
Orville Wright, who has fully recovered
from his Injuries sustained as a result of
the fall of his aeroplane at Fort Myer,
will sail for Paris In about, ten days.
General Botha, has presented to the Trans.
Taal museum the Boer flag which waved
above the government buildinga at Pretoria
until tha capital waa -occupied by Lord
Mrs. Wahoney, the oldest of Dclawar
Indiana, haa luat tllprt n,nr MiiHkn.M. owl
at the age of 100 years. She went to tne
Indian territory from Lawrence, Kan., In
1868 and waa In full possession. of her montal
4M.ut.ic. ... ..ma v. iwr trcctii,.
Chang Chung, since the assassination of
"Little Pete," the unofficial mayor of San
Francisco's Chinatown, died there recently
from pneumonia. He was one ot the
wealthiest orientals on tho Pacific coast,
and was head ot the Sam Yup Tong.
John Boyes, the white king of Kakyku
will pilot President Roosevelt In hia great
hunting trip through British East Africa.
Boyes has lived In' British East Africa for
ten years, after having been shipwrecked,
lie was made king of a large tribe, and
his authority Is recognized by the British
government. He Is a Yorkshlreman by
Leslie's Weekly, the dean of American
pictorials, cheerfully owns up to fifty
three years. But It does not look Its years;
It reflects them in seasoned thought and
ripe experience. Under the aggres
sive, buoyant management of J. A
Slelcher, the weekly Is renewing Its youth
and keeping abreast of the liveliest mem
bers ef tha illustrated procession. Within
tha present year Leslie's has grown from
86.000 to 136,000. indicating a pace swift
enough to tryout the endurance of any
"But why," asked Mrs. Minims, "don't
you want her Invited to Join? It seems to
mn she would lx the life of the club."
"Oh, aha would be agreeable enuugli, I
suppoee, but aim Isn't eligible, blie has
never been operated on lor anything.'
Nan Lll Garllnghnrn says her steady is
the tallestt young man In the city.
Fan She saya so, does she? Well, 1.11'
alwaya was good at drawing the long
"Hnv. vnn H..clitArt rtn vnur TCcw Yif
Yes," answered Mr. Illlgiiliis. I in go
ing to give up all my expensive habit."
"Kor how- long?'
ivimi i gvi my iHiiiutty iiihh pain ui:u
can afford them again.' vVaslung.un Blui.
Hicks Bo, Mr. Gay boy Is going to sp nil
a fortnight at Old Orcnard wln.e his wile
is In the mountain?
Wlcka Yes; what of it?
Hicks Oil, nothing only she ought t,i tie
a string around li ia finger It remind hi.ii
that he la married. S iinervlllo Journal.
Mrs. Belrtom-Holme You l.ave I oiikIU a
box of cigars as a ('lirlsimus present I r
your husb.nd? How do you know ilicy uro
Mrs. Jenner Lee onrvgc I smoked one i
them. Chicago Tribune. .
First Barn Blornier I say, frl.-nd Hun
let! Hieond Ditto Yes, friend Shvlock?
Firkt ilarn Stornier Wouldn't It be great
If wo could only eat all the I ousts we I t .'
"Suppose," biased the villa. n, "suppoae
our plot should lik out?' .
"Tnat s all right,' said his sccomp.l e,
conso.lngly. "It cun t. jJon't you raniem
ber tellli.g me live minuies ago that it hud
tlilckeiieu " Phlladtflp.ua Inquirer.
"Bo he wasn't willing to head the tlcko ?"
Oil, yea, tie was willing to lie in tliu tl ke.,
but lie wasn't willing to f o it the bills.'
"Dennis," Inquired Mr. Hogan, diamine
up over the dour of the postofrice bu Hi. g,
"what Is tne nieanln' of ti.lm letters
"Tiiey mean eighteen1 hundred an' ninety
eight." "Dennis, don't it athrlke you thot they're
rarryln' this spellln reform entolrely too
lur; iveryboay s Magsslne.
Adam waa a loafer and Eva had to do
the hustling to keep little Cain and Abet
clothed and fed. Mrs. Catherine Waugh
McCulloch of Kvalislou. . . .
We hate lo think of Adam ao.
That lie did nut
Do all the things ha should, you knosb
To boil the pot.
There's always doubt about events
So long of yore.
And there's conflicting evidence
Upon that acora. . .
If Adam, in those days long gone,
Worked at no task, - '
Why. what than led old Jeba Bell on
Tins one to ask;
"When Adam do'lve, and Eva span,
W tie re was then tha gentleman?"
Alf Tennyson thought Adam bore
Or ha d have nut drawn on Tils lore
"The gardener Adam and his wife
Smile at the claims of long descent."
Nor would have Mr. Milton risked
A doubtful chance
Of being by the criMce frisked
For tills romance:
"Adam the god Heat of men) since bora
llis sons, the talresl ,et her daughter
Eve." . : ...
Th lady In this may be right,-
Ilia poeta wrong..
Facta hinder not the poet'a flight.
Nor clog his sung. .
Man's Industry fn former days
la worth no row ;
Whatever may have been his aaya.
He hustles now.
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