Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, December 06, 1908, HALF-TONE SECTION, Page 2, Image 20

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Negro Question is Causing: Agitation Among South American Whites
(Copyright. 13"8. by Prank O. Carrentv.)
. PETOW"N. (Special Correspond
ence of The Bee.) The white
people here are becoming ex
cited trrrr the nearo question.
During the last six month. I
have visited every colony south
ot the Zambesi, and the better class of
Knronean. everywhere have feara of a race
war In the future. In the I'nlted States we
I ave one negro to eery nine or ten whites.
Here the proportion la almost reversed.
There are more than five black men to
every white man, end the Mack men are
beginning to appreciate their possibilities.
Within the last year or so they have been
stirred up by some missionaries of their
own race, who are said to come from the
Ignited Rtatea. The sect hi known as the
Ethiopian Episcopalians and they are at
work In Natal, Cape Colcny and the Trans
vaal. Their pastors preach the equality
of the races and urge them to stnnd up
for thfr right..
I have seen negroes m all the cities of
South Africa. They wear European clothes
and the crowds one sees about the stations
are as fully clad as are the negroes of our
small southern towns. In many localities
tlier are beginning; to rewnt their treat
mailt by the white. In Johannesburg;, for
Instance, they object to the laws which
keep them off the sidewalks and allow
them to fro only In the middle of the road
when walking; along; the streets. They
do not like the Jim Crow trailers to the
electric cars, and they are asking for mcro
F.aaeattng the Kafir.
So far the most of the education of the
Kafir has been by the missionaries. Thera
are now something; like 5,ono,onn of him
south of the Zambesi, and his school chil
dren are numbered by the tens of thou
sands. In Cape Cclony there are no gov
ernment schools for the natives. Their
education Is carried on by the mission
schools, which are allied somewhat by
government grants and are under govern-
ment inspection. The native have to pay
feos, which cover a large part of the cost,
and !n some districts they have given
money for the building of school bouses.
The government grants are about one
third as much per pupil for the natives as
for the whites, and the education given
them Is but little more than the three R's.
It Is the same In Natal, and also In Rnso
tolond and Rhodesia. There are now about
80,000 pupils In Cape Colony, 8,009 In Natal
and 10,000 In Basutoland.
The Kafirs of the cities are fast coming
to the realisation that schooling pays, and
they are now anxious that their children
should learn. A Johannesburg merchant
told me of a Kafir tenant of his who was
educating his 16-year-old daughter. He was
asked why he did so and replied that he
had noticed that the white man was of
little value without an education, and. If
so, why not the black man? He said that
ha did not know that his girl would teach
school, but that he was bound she should
At nrnni ih- v,..
' O - HDD
tunlty to get a college education. He la not
allowed to go Into the universities of South
Africa and a. a rule the people would
rathe, v m-. .....P3!
" - f ". M.ivuuwavu. ills) I'JVK
upon the natives as their Clod-created hew
ers of wood and drawers of water and they
want them to continue so. They would
rather that they should not own real es-
tate nor go Into business. The mechanics
and foremen, among the whites, would
rather not have the blacks learn trades,
ard they desire to keep the labor of the
two races distinct.
Lovedale Co-Edarational Scheme.
As to the co-education of the races there
la only one place In South Africa whero
that la carried on to any extent. This Is
ot Lovedale, about 6j0 miles northeast of
Cape Town. There Is a missionary training
Institution of the United Free Church of
Scotland at that place, and In it the whites
and blacks are educated together. It Is a
ort of boarding school with something like
800 pupils; and It might be called an exad-
emy, although It has all the branches, from
the kindergarten to the normal .,in.n
school. This school Is doing much In mak
ing teachers and native preachers. Many
of the teachers of the mission schools
throughout South Africa have been edu
cated there and It has done much In bring
ing Its European pupils to an understanding
Of the native character. The Institution
consists of a large central building, a score
of dormitories, many workshops and a hos
pital. Connected with It is a farm on
which the boys work and all sorts of man-
ual training are taught. The morning
hour, are devoted to study and recitation,
and a part of each afternoon to work upon
th fnrm mnA tn (kn n-n-AH. 4
mo miin inn in ino garnens ana snons.
The school has Its military drill, and
physical training. It has a brass band and
Nebraska's Oldest
IRRIVrj oeverrtv-flve Tear., and
. ---- . . -
If I "till hale and hearty, I. the
rm 49
I VI I record cf Mr. and nr.. jone.
u lutuanuKMi i-uuiiLjr, , . Ln. 1
and mother of Cass Jones, a
member-elect of the Nebraska
'" . X SI -f- H ;- vK.
.V.'i'w 'Y'iT V a,-. rAlhv '
f k v
.v,'- y -l '
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...r -. A
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. li
legislature. Thl. remarkable pair were their home ever .lnce. The diamond et. a young woman haa been over
married In Ohio In 1S33, and moved to Ull- wedding of thl. fine old couple was made whelmed with grief during tho service.
i.t.r ikv k. D . -t v.,. , 1 Vwr-imtnir himself from the other, the
" " . ... ...
but the restleM .plrit would not be ml-
. . , . . - ................. . s . "t . j3
' . : ..Trr- .1 - -" rv i ' , -.L.r rgi...v.-.-. v f v
33 hJ ij t ' U ' - ,
-mmm Mr! ' ,P -.
- ' "'...:; (i j"'-5' - . t .Apt---
the white ana black boys play cricket to.
gether. Every Friday evening there Is a
literary society and there are occasional
lectures, papers and debates.
The girls have their own Industrial work
and learn dressmaking, cooking and laun
dering during their stay. It Is not diffi
cult for a I.ovcilale graduate to get a Job.
Many of tho former students are now In
terpreters, some are clerks In the govern
ment offices, while others are employed) In
the stores.
Three Cents vs. One Hollar Per Day.
In Klmberley and Johannesburg, the
great centers of the gold and diamond In
dustries, natives arc now paid about $1
er day. This Is considered enormous
wages for this part of the world. Only
a generation ago natives were paid 3 cents
for ten or eleven hours' work. Then an axe
would buy an ox And a string of glass
beads pay a for carrying a load of
seventy pounds 100 miles tlirouKh the wilds.
These are the wages thut still prevail In
parts of Uganda, Hrlllsh East Africa and
German East Africa, and the white men
there will tell you that It Is wrong to pay
J remember a talk which I had with a
government official of British Centrul Af-
rlca. We were talking about tho native
labor and I asked whether it was possible
to et any w ?" ot
blacks of
y"'ana. e repueu
Yes' we Ket 8om work "?" , "iivM
both the government and private Individ-
uals are spoiling the labor market. The
African Is a great big child, with the
muscle of a man. He ought to be treated
as a child ana tt pumsncu wneu uu m u.
u oA to be so that the officials had this
power. If a native did not obey he waa
brought up for punishment. He was then
laid down on the ground and given ten
lashes or so with a hippopotamus whip.
This hurt him somewhat, but he took It as
a matter of course and did better there
rto. Now the laws' are such that we can
onIy imprison him for small offenses, and
we have to try him before we can give
him corporal punishment,
"As to labor," this man continued, "the
negro works all right 1f you do not raise
his wages. When we first entered British
Central Africa ho was satisfied with a
shilling. Then we gave him 8 shillings, and
now private parties have come In and are
building a railroad; they want steady la-
r are erlng shillings,
"Six shillings? A dollar and a half a
day?" asked I.
No, 6 shillings a month. It Is too much,
and the worBt ot It Is that Uie native will
expect that wages right along, and he can
not see why he should not have It. It Is a
great mistake."
Taxing- the Xatlves.
"A dollar and a half a month la a
cents a day," nald I. "That does not seem
much to me. And even out of those wages
I suppose the natives have to pay taxes."
"Ves, we collect I shillings a year from
the well to do and those who have the
cash; and we make all others give u. a
Htl.. wU rrx tha Mnrta of h must
montn a wora on wi runua ui 11 uiu..
bring a certificate from his employer show-
Ing that he has done work to the amount
Married Couple
the war sent th.m Kir v n
- - UI iOQi,
and the next year they went to Oregon,
B "
jn 1SS5 they came back to Nebraska, sat-
1111. nrw uniana. in 16o7 they re-
moved to Richardson county, settling
north of Rulo, where they have made
" v...uc.u. eiuorllou.
asi. aitu m. wMivm . i wvrniir con-
gratulated by a ho.t of friends. Mr. Jone.
of 8 shilling, wheln his taxes are re-
"In other words, every black man must
give one months of every year to the gov-
ernment," said I.
"Yes. It amount to about that," was
the reply. '
In South Africa tne natives are charged
a hut tax, and they also have to pay
do taxea and wife taxes. Everv time a
man la married he pays 10 shillings to
the government of which a portion eoes
back to his chief. In Cape Colony he
pays a license fee of from 62 cents to $1.25
on every dog- over three monihs old, and
the dog tax of Natal Is about the same.
In one year the natives of Natal paid
tll.OOi) In marriage fees, and I am told
that a black man has to pay $25 to tho
government there when he gets a divorce.
The hut taxea of Cape Colony ure about
10 shillings per year per family. Four
teen shillings is the amount of that tux
in Natal and 10 that of -Rhodesia. They
recently raised the tax In Basuioland to
$5, and In Natal
a higher rute Is paid
of European construc-
upon all houses
tlon. .
These taxes may seem low to Americans,
but they are large In comparison with the
wages of the people, and so large that they
ieaa to me crowding or the natives, sev
erai famine, or unmarried adults often
living In one hut.
A mono; the Kaffir Workmen.
So far only a small proportion of the
South African negroes has been greatly In
fluenced by the whites. There are alto
gether between 6,000,000 and 6,000.000 abo
rigines below the Congo Free Btate, and
I venture that those employed In the mines,
on the farms and In the cities will not
number, all told, more than 300,000. There
are something like 100,000 In the gold mines.
Klmberlt-y liad 20,000 befaie our panic
caused the De Beers company to cut down
its labor force, and there are something
like 10,000 employed In the great diamond
mine at Culllnan. In all these places the
natives are kept In compounds or walled
IncloBures, and as far as those connected
with the diamond mines are concerned they
are not allowed to go outside during tho
terms of their contracts. They must buy
their food at the company shops, and, al
though the rates there ure low, the com
panies probably make a profit. Not long
ago at a meeting of the De Beers company
one of the officials stated what had be
come of the profits made from the com-
Followers of Vedanta
(Continued from Page One.)
the eldest men are held up In military
fashion, and the Swami himself Is thin and
perpendicular as a straight line.
Perhaps five minutes pass, perhaps ten.
There is no way of determining time.
""TIT and refreshed you see
S ZTTJJ loll
. .
..,... iik
yf tn, Swamls the word signifies
llrUual teacher-first came to America
to establish their school of philosophy they
were informed that In order to conform to
the Occidental rather than the Oriental
views It would be wise for them to em
phasise lens the benefit, of seclusion,
resignation and repose than the more ac
tive qualities which lead to right working.
right doing and the right development of
the creative Instincts. The Bwaml In his
address follow, thl. lead, and while never
losing .Ight of the fundamental truths of
the Vedantlo creed manages to fit It to tho
aggressive minds and personalities of his
hearers In the new world.
If you have expected to hear new truths
or startling messages delivered you will be
disappointed. There Is no novelty offered,
no sensation. Steadfastness or mind la
urged, without which nothing worth while
can be accomplished, and In detail, the
danger of Mattered attention and tacit ot
concentration 1. emphasised. Fearlessness
he also preaahes. The address is about
half an hour long and Is listened to with
rapt attention. At it. close the Swaml sinks
deftly Into the big chair, draws the apricot
colored cashmere robe about him and again
with Interlaced finger, on his lap and
closed eyelids. Invite, to meditation, while
the tncense burns softly on and the candles
flame brightly. This meditative Interval,
like the others, last, an Indefinite time.
Rising again, the Swaml opens a big
book of maroon-covered leather, extracts
a scarlet ribbon, the marker, which he
places on a teakwood tabouret at the side
of the platform, and reads In the same
recitative tone he has employed for the
opening prayer certain extract, from the
sacred book of the east, the Bhagavad
Gita, a portion of which always forms
part of the Sunday morning services.
Then, all rising, the Swaml pronounces
the usual blessing, which ends the hour.
Mav H who Is Ahura Maid a or the
Xoroasirlans, Jehovah of the Jews, Father
in Heaven of the Christians, Allah of the
Mohammedans, budda of the Buddhists.
Krishna, Divine Mother and Brahman of
tne Hindoos, grant peace and blessings
unto ail me lunuwun .-. - . -
llglon of Vedanta. Peace! Peace! Peace!
n-v.- MAMhinAn hr k 11 n Into twos and
- -
three., or stand singly while the swami
goe from one to another, holding tne sa-
crea dook 01 v
nd touching hands gently, with a fixed
.mile 00 hi. thin Upa. I front row
- .....
ram i.g ner 10 k wrner iiu wim
r r- m"' ,u" n
pounds that year, saying that $3,000 had
gone to the sanatorium, 110.000 to the II-
briny, $15,000 to the town hall, flO.Ono to
the school of mines and 110,000 to the Klm-
berley schools. None of this money helped
the natives from whom It was taken,
As far as I can sec, the natives are fairly
wel1 treated by their employers. The sev-
cral governments try to protect them, and
pach has lt nallve labur Inspectors, who
go through the mines, above and below
ground, and report as to the treatment of
the negroes. Nevertheless the white mine
overseer la omnipotent and he can abuse
the native if he will. I asked the Amer
ican foreman of the underground woi kings
of a mine In which 4,000 nesroes were em
ployed whether ho could punish his nvn If
they U1d not do as he wished. He replied:
"There Is no trouble about that. If you
want to mash tho face of a negro down
hera all you have to do Is to see that you
gt him alone In one part of the workings.
You can treat him as you will and if he
makes any complaint you can say he as
saulted you. The word of the black man
is never taken here as against that of the
white man, and so we can run things
about as we please."
Kafir Lands.
The Kahrs own land all over South Af
rica. In many places tne lanu sun ne-
longs to the chiefs, subject to the rights
of their tribesmen, and the chief haB no
right to sell pr trade it away.- In southern
Rhodesia the nalivo commissioners assign
the land for huts and grazing, giving each
kraal so much. When Cecil Rhodes dlid
he ordered that the natives on his farms
be undisturbed, and large blocks ot gov
ernment lands have been set aside for
agriculture In different parts of Rhodesia.
In Natal something like 8,000 acres were
tranferred to a trust more than fifty
years ago, and this trust was to give ail
the rents and profits from It to one tribe.
A few ytars later another native trust
was given two million acres, and this In
still administered for the Kafirs of Natal.
Within the last few years the native lands
have been fenced off from those of the
Europeans, and the. boundaries betuven
the tribes defined. In tiiat colony about
one-half of the negroes live in kraals, on
private lands, paying from $5 to $25 pet
hut to the owners of their farms, which
consist of from 1.500 to 5.0u0 acres each.
One of these farms will have a group ot
natives upon It, and the group will be
governerd by Its hereditary chief or head
man. Every kraal will cultlvato from
formation that while the Vedantlc region
does not embrace the confessional the
swamia are called upon frequently in their
capacity of uscettcs, celibates and mas
ters to administer advice, sympathy and
Instruction on the complicated results of
human actions.
"It would surprise you," she says, "to
k"W llW nmny pe0P'U' trtt"tr8 10
Za XlP JTi
"O SeeK COllSOialOn nnU litip. .lluuy IJl
know how many people, strangers to the
them admit that they have tried every
thing, that they have wandered from sect
to sect, from church to church, that every
new religion Is eagerly w- ught and each
In turn has proved inefficacious.
"The strength of the Vedanta Is that It
does not prescribe to all one special path
by which to reach the ultimate goal of
every religion. On the contrary, it recog
nizes the varying tendencies of different
m!n(is and guides each along the way best
BUited to It."
The awami, who has finished his lesson
0f consolation. Joins in the conversation,
jj,, explains the moaning of tle Yoga
classes, which are the sourco of much curi-
oslty to the uninitiated.
"The method of classifying human tend-
eUciea Into tour grand division so that
the teaching In each may be helpful to all
Is called In Sanskrit 'Yoga,' " he says.
"For Instance, there Is the Karma Yoga.
"Tliia is what we teach at first to the
western minds. It Is for the active man,
for those who like to work, for the busy,
everyday working man or woman. It
teaches the secret of work and how to
accomplish a maximum of labor with a
mlnmium Io of .nergy
"Th. largest part of the mental energy
of the majority ot people in this country
is needless waste by the constant rush
of their daily lives, which is merely the
result of a lack of self-control. The secret
revealed by Karma Yoga teaches how to
avoid this waste and also the nervous dis
orders which are the outcome.
"Then came Bhaktl Yoga. I find not only
your women, but also the men, the busi
ness and professional men, much In need
of this teaching. It Is for those of an
emotional nature. It Is the path ot devo
tion and love. It teaches how to fulfil the
purpose of life both here and heicaf lur.
"The third Is Raja Yoga, the path of
concentration and meditation. This field
covers the whole psychic plane and de-
scribes the processes by which the psychic
poWer, Bro developed, such a. thought
r , , ,, 7,
reading, clairvoyance, clalraudience. the
evolving of finer perceptions, the going out
of the body, the curing of disease through
mental power. Everything taught in such
W(-,- ..,m... o- nlnlll h.ll
" ., ' .
I "h r tat I .i n fjMtnsM Ilia KnimnniiM mnVA.
Christian oclencu, the Emmanuel move
ment, have been taught as one clement of
a great whule for generation aft. i genera
tion by the believers and follower, of the
"All the psychic powers which were dis
played by Jesu. ot Nasarelh and which are
tnrlav hv tha .o-eallaM nw Re. 'La
- -
. s r . , .-Aa-- , , .
ZT, , India ChrUt a
five to ten acres of land, and the remainder
Is used for grazing In common.
I had a good chance to see something
of the wilder Kafirs during my stay in
Matabh land and Bechuanaland, and I
also met strange tribes who are allied
to them In northwestern Rhodesia. Nearly
all the natives live In what are known as
kraals. These are little mud vllllages, sur
rounded by mud walls or fences of brush.
Among the Zulus these kraals are cir
cular in shape, with the rattle pen In the
center, and the huts running around It.
In Matebeland they are somewhat Irreg
ular, and In other regions they are built
like a horseshoe with a cattle kraal near
the opening. The cattle are herded during
the. daytime and are always kept In the
kraals at night.
The kraal usually contain all the
houses of the village. There are Of dif
ferent shapes In different localities. In
Matabeland they consist of a framework
of twigs woven together and plastered
wltn mud, and In Zuzuland they are
thatched down to the ground. In many
parta of Rhodesia the houses are made
of a framework of sticks, smeared with
the clay from the white ant hills. This
Is a natural cement, and Is used for all
sorts of buildings. In that country the
negroes have granaries of mud, and they
also make pigeon houses of It and put
them on high poles to protect the birds
from the wild animals and dogs. The
ordinary granary Is the size of a hogshead
or larger. It has a hole In one side,
which Is stopped up with clay after the
grain is put In. In Zuzuland the grain
Is kept In huge baskets Inside the huts.
In a kraal like this one man owns sev
eral houses, corresponding to his num
ber of wlvea. In the principal hut he
will live with the "great wife," and on the
right ot that will be the hut for the spouse
known as "the wife of the right hand,"
while on the left will be that devoted to
the "wife of the ancestors," whose child
ren are supposed to carry the honors of
the family. If there are other wives their
huts are. built farther over. Each wife
Is supposed to own ier hut and the husband
divide-, his time with all.
In the same way each wife has her own
garden or fleW, which she cultivates, and
for which she alone Is responsible. The
women do ull the planting, hoeing and
reaping, and the more wives a man has to
work for him the richer he Is,
As far as the stock Is concerned, this
is usually cared for by the men. Milking
nothing new. But we do not overempha
size peculiar cult; we do not believe In
the constant obsession of the mind by the
thought of disease, even though the heal
ing of the disease is the ultimate reason
for that obsession.
"It Is in Raja Yoga that the wonderful
system of breathing Is taught, whose ef
fects are nut unknown to the mental heal
ers of the west, but it doe. not cease to
warn Its students that the attainment, of
any of these powers Is not a sign of spirit
uality. "Jnana Yoga is the fourth method. It
is the path of right knowledge and dis
crimination. It Is for those i;o are of a
philosophic nature. It explains the funda
mental principles of spiritualism; tells us
how the soul exists after deatli and under
what conditions, describe, how the earth
bound are reincarnated, taking human
form again and again. It expounded the
law of correspondences ages before Swed
enborg was born."
The only other resident swami at the
Vedanta society at present besides Swaml
l'araniunada Is Swami AbhedanoJida, who
delivers a special course of lectures dur
ing the winter and holds the Yoga classes
for members only.
- Swaml Abhedananda was sent here to
cany on the work that was left in a flour
ishing condition, by the visits of Vive
kenanada and Saradanda the termination
of the names "ananda" meaning bliss. It
was due to his efforts that tne Vedanta so
ciety In New York has become so pros
perous an lnsiltutlon He ha. been as
sisted from time to time by oUier brother
monks ent from Calcutta, who have es
tablished In their wanderings a large tem
ple in San Francisco and homes In Pitts
burg. Cleveland and Los Angeles. Two
yeais ago Bwaml Abhedananda railed tor
IndUa and returned with Swaml Para
niananda, who has shared the work of the
society ever since. Their stay here is In
definite. The latter goes on tc say:
"1 am asked if the Bwamls are mission
aries oftentimes. No indeed, It would be
very foolish for us to come here to tell you
what you need, but we are her to show
the truth of our own faith and lis identity
with the fundamental truths of all other
religions, for Vedanta, which means 'end
of wisdom," embraces the ultimate con
clusions of the greatest philosophers of all
countries and the ideals ot every special
religion of the world."
"And you do consider the Vedanta," Is
asked, "the superior of all the new creeds,
that of Christian Science, the Emmanuel
movement, mental healing?"
The Bwaml smiles his Inscrutable smile
and waves his long, slim finger, toward
the bookcase, lined with oriental phlloso
pnies. "The answer to that question 1. to be
found tbeie." Then he "julutly glide, from
the room, his exit being watched by the
eyes of the members, who follow the last
sprlcot told until It disappears around the
curve of the staircase.
Then the member, pas. in turn Into the
meditatiuu room, where a tew moments
of acrenlty are enjoyed before they seek
the stir and buaue of the outer world.
' V i
-Vn-'e n t'", : fit ar5 '.. I
ft :r;:i!iw&
J l - L- a x'i ii'ii i - w aA fc
time Is at 11 o'clock In tho morning, and
then the men, stark nuked, do the milking,
They take the milk In water-tight baskets
to their huts and pour it into skin bags,
where It la allowed to stay until It fer-
ments. The Kaffirs never drink fresh
Quaint Features of Life
A Soldier's Will.
atHARL.ES A. Ml'HUAY, a civil
I i I war veteran of Vineland, N. J.,
I j I died last month. His will has
Surrogate Thompson. Murray
lived amid tho arid wastes of
pioiuo.uon Vineland, over which Dr. Jo
seph A. Conwell formerly presided as
mayor. In his will Is this paragraph:
"I give and bequeath to my pious Pres
byterian friend, mayor, doctor, druggist,
preacher and all-around saint, Joseph Con
well, the sum of $u to buy two gallons of
fair to middling whisky for the use and
delectation of himself and brethren. It
may be a revelation to some of them, and
possibly give them the rudiments of a lib
eral education."
Murray was popular with his comrades
of the war, and he made them this be
quest: "I give, bequoath and devise to Lyon
post No. 10, Department of New Jersey,
Grand Army of the Republic, the sum of
$12 to buy some fun even if they have to
jump the aquarium to get it. Their time
Is getting short, so they had better get a
move on."
He left $15 to the children of a nephew
with which to buy candy, but thla be
quest was later revoked by codicil. An
other bequest was:
"To all my other friends and relatives
I leave my blessing and assurance that I
will do all 1 can f jr them up there aa
soon as I find where I am at."
Dories His Lear la Advance.
Anxious that In case he should die his
body should be burled ull together and
not In separate places, Thoma. Nolan, 31
years oil, of 213 East Ninety-fifth street,
New York City, whose left foot and leg
up to the knee were amputated In Rello
vue a few days ago, sent an undertaker
to the Bfllevue morgue to get the ampu
tated leg. and had him bury It In a burial
plot already secured by Nolan In Holy
Cross cemetery, Flatbush.
The regular red tape had to be gone
through the same as though a body were
being taken from the morgue for burial.
Dr. Johnson had to slj-n a death certifi
cate for the amputated jiart or Nolan be
fore the undertaker was permitted to take
it away. It was placed In a small white
coffin and buried In the cemetery.
Indiana Man Leads the Way, -
While the light holds out to burn, all tha
old sinners may return. A stricken butcher
Of Warsaw, Ind., has confessed and wishes
to mal.e restitution, which shows that even
the Indiana sinners are not beyond hope.
The dispatches recite that Frank Pperra,
a former resident of Akron, Ind., haa in
serted in the newspupers there this an
nouncement: "I want to make restitution and beg par
don of the people through the newspapers.
When X waa in the butuber business lu
rnmM y
v. 'i
milk, but they eat this koumls or fer-
minted milk with their boiled grain or
mush. They always have their big meal
at noon, when the men eat first, and the
women ami children take what Is left,
Akron I mixed tallow with lard and sold
It to my customers. I ask all ot these peo
ple to forgive me of tho offense, and If
there are any who are not satisfied wltn
Just forgiving me, If they will send me a
statement of the amount that they think
they were wronged, honestly between God
aiul man, I will make all wrongs right."
Mary Jo's Sign.
Small Mary Josephine Dittrlck saw for
the first time last week a piece of white
crape on the front doorbell of a house, and,
asking her mother what It was, was told:
"That's a sign for the dead." Mrs. DH trick
was away from her hume for a while next
day. Returning, she saw on her own door
bell a cluster of crapo.
"My baby! What havo you done?" cried
Mrs. Dittrlck.
"1 put out a lgn for the dead," said the
Innocent one. "I thought If I put out a
sign somebody that', dead would see It
and come to seo us."
With flowers from a parlor vace, a strip
of linen, and a string, "Mary Jo" had
fashioned her "sign."
Squirrels Fight for Nats.
"This Is going to be a long and very 0"ld
winter," prophesied Abram Pennyman, a
Bound Brook (N. J.) farmer. The squirrels
know It, and they are laying In an extra
store of chestnuts.
"About twenty squirrels attacked my
farm hand when he was up a tree picking
chestnuts and bit him so badly he needed
a doctor. BqulrreU attacked a neighbor's
boy. He killed two with a club, but the
others only went for him mure savagely.
"Squirrels never attack any one unless
tho nut crop is small like this one, and
theie's a hard winter ahead."
F.vrry l.oarr Is Philosophic.
"Well, 1 gueiM It's back to tho workshop
for me."
Martin Hallorun of Kansas City, a sta
tionary engineer who wus robbed of $,8o0
hy footpads near Fourteenth street and
Grand avenue, was philosophical about hi.
"I made that money by mighty hard
work," he said. "It was the saving, of
many year, of economy and industry. But
I um not broke. I guess I have enough
money to keep me from starving to death
until I can find a job. Hut It's pretty hard
to walk the streets hunting for Work at my
time of life."
Fateful Foreboding.
Fortune Teller You an a murrlel man.
Your trout leu always come In pulr. lie
ware of a laige blonde. handsomely
dressed woman. Your wife Is small and
dark and the large blonde woman Is go
ing to cn-alt disaster and dissension In
your family.
Man patron (with a sigh) Yts, I know. '
That's the big French doll the twins
are going to quarrel about when they
gut ll ut ClirUliiiMS because I couldu't
get 'em uue aiuoo. baluiuore AmMiua