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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (June 28, 1908)
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HIE OMAHA SUNDAY BEE: JUNE 28. 100
Stock Yards at South Omaha that Are Attracting: Attention Just Now
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SHOWINQ STOCK YARDS TENS, PACKING HOUSES. EXCHANGE BLILDINGS-12,000 MEN EMPIX)TED WITHIN THIS STACE.
HE pyri of the entire wstcrn constant home-stayer all my life. Last I never knew before how easily every steer short as possible so that losses from heat
rounlry have been e ntered week, however. I wag persuaded by tny could be accounted for. The commission- Ing may be made ns low as jKisslble. I
nron South Omaha for the lat son to arcomnanv a load of steers to South men were beKlnlna to arrive or tliev were noticed the commission men and sales-
couple of weeks because of the Omaha for the first time In fifteen years represented by their salesmen. The name
splendid prices which the stock- of stock breeding In Nebraska. I was a of the commission firm was called first
men of the west have been re- little timid about coming, but my son as- and then the shipper and the number of the
tho steers which they have sured me that I would meet with the most cars, and the road over which they came.
men quite as bury here as In the cattle
posed of, either sold or loaded out. This
care consists of handling, watering, feed
ing and welching, so that the shipper ib
thus assured the best of treatment, whether
he accompanies his shipment or not.
Vtsttrd Shrry Section.
From the hog section 1 visited the
flrm sheep barns and, although the season was
not right for the best run of sheep, enough
were received to show plainly how the
business was done every day of the year.
As with the cattle and hogs, there Is one
universal way of buying and selling.
Everywhere Is evident the care for the
comfort and the needs of live stock as well
been fattening. South Omaha had the dis- friendly assistance on ex ery hand among the With the callltjg pf my commission firm's
tlnctlon of offering the best prices of any stockmen and commlsslonmen of the pack- name the Junior member of the
western market, and this Is often the cau. rjg district. So after writing my commls- stepped forward. He called my name and
Thu top prico for cattle for some time was son film that I would be In on a certain we were at once In touch. Being for-
recelveil a week ago by Jam H. Hughe date I set out at sunset from my home warned of my shipment, he lost no time In
of Falrbury, who sold 131 head for J! town with my care divided between five going with me to the chutes where I had
straight and twenty head of the samo ship- carloads of good steers and the commls- seen my stock unloaded. He told me that
inent for $7. SO. sion my wife had placed upon me concern- he thought the market would be active
The 13.' heal weighed I,i9, and the other )n - npw dress of black silk, and what and that the cattle buyers of the hlg pack-
ever In the world I would do In a big city lng houses to the south and west of the as to 8pt the 8,0ck before the purchasers
arriving at 4 a. m. In the morning. I re- large area of yards, would be out before to tne nest advantage possible.
member telllnir mv son 1 was irlnrt It was 8 o'clock. For this reason he bad hla own "Similarly I visited the horse barns, re-
summer time so I wouldn't get cold when drivers take my bunch In hand at once.
I got off the cars. Sometimes the Union Stock yard's drivers
deliver without tho presence of the com-
Arrived at Daytlsht. mission firm the cattle so consigned to the
Wnii 1 orrivoH omlH n htitinVi rt nroner nens. In mv ease the cattle were
whmtlea and harsh exhausts of steam at driven at once to tho west section of the w"e he hall and many were going and
sun rise. I had wit enough to ask the yards which is the beef cattle section. Here
the four leading corn states of the west
surround this market and find here a sell
ing place for their finished products,, while
at the snme time South Omaha Is the near
est market place for the ranges of
Colorado, Wyoming, Nevada, the Iiakotas,
Montnno, Oregon, Idaho and Indian ter
ritory. The ranges of these states furnish
an almost unlimited si ppiy of catlle to he fU, f covcr8 lne entire cost
slaughtered, it in commi n or to be nttea
for slaughter by the feeders of the corn
belt. Even Minnesota, Illinois, Indlcna,
Ohio and Mlchlgin look to South Omaha
for their supplies of feeding cattle and
twenty. 1,30. The bunch of big ones
weighed all told 210,770 pounds, and they
brought M.'TO.Si. The other twenty
weighed 37.AOO pounds and yielded J2.P:iJ.S0.
Tho total for the tralnload was 519.7M.12.
Mr. Huprhes bought the cattle through the
same firm last fall when their avornee
weight was l.ftoO pounds and paid $4. They
cost him $1,312.
O. ii. Clinton of Grand Island has been
turning to the Exchange building about
noon. I went with my commission man to
the Exchange dining hall and secured a
good lunch, where I witnessed one of the
liveliest scenes of the day. Over 200 men
Market Often lllith.
The lnstanc? above t (cited in which the
top of the market was readied by cattle
at South Omaha Is not the only instance
In which stock shipped to South Omaha
has brought larser returns to the shipper
ltorso nnd Male Market.
One charge for weighing, yardage.
shipper, no matter how long his stock
may remain at the yards. The weighing
charge Is only collected when the stock Is
sold, so If It is shipped from the South
Omaha market to some other market the
only expense Incurred Is for such amount
of feed as may be given to the stock by
his orders. This la a most valuable arrange
ment for western rhippors, for it gives
them an opportunity to try two markets
without additional expense. All stock
which is through billed receives the same
care and attention from the company's
but had never visited the yards until last conductor where I should first go to get the drivers, under the direction of the cattle
year, relying upon the commission men to
make his sales for him. In a letter to rela
tives in the east he sets forth in an Inter
esting manner the advantages of care In
feeding stock and also his experience on his
first visit to the stjck yards.
Clinton Telia Experience.
"GRANGER, Neb., June IS, 1908.
After experimenting thoroughly for the last
seven years In progression In agriculture
and live stock breeding I have come to the
conclusion that both are well worth while
nd I think my uniform success has war
ranted by present position. Receiving my
first Impetus from my son who studied at
the Nebraska School of Agriculture I have
given up my old notions and work on new
"One of the first things I learned was
that I was raising hogs that wero too
heavy, too flunky and too thin In the back
to suit the packers. Another was that my
cattle had not been fed scientifically so as
to put them In the best condition at the
least cost. Further I found that 1 had been
leaving tho markets to my local shipper
entirely and had been feeding on a blind
luck basis nnd knew nothing of the require
ments of the various seasons of the year,
and the kind of stock which would top the
market at the particular time.
"My son called my attention to these
.... . .
SUPERINTENDENT WALTERS DIRECTING AFFAIRS.
things and urged me to get In touch with In touch with my commisSionmen. He said salesmen, divided my steers carefully into
the needs of the market and the changed I had better go to the chute house for three bunches, matching them for color,
lemands In trade. This wa-s the first time cattle first, for at such an early hour no weight and condition. I had no Idea what
t . -. .1 ........ v. . . ... I . . ....... i. r . i i. . . , . u . , .. . i . . r i TVi. a : .. i .. n, ...1,1
iiru uvaiu ui caii wri, aim wnui one wouiu De in -iiie eciiMiiK- uLiui-c fsii tupii w rmiym a. oe jm i i urn wi.u.u fjQ jn these places I discovered the cause
of the activity I had witnessed In the
morning. To my mind each plant, and
coming all the time. The commission men
were comparing notes with the utmost
good feeling. Jokes were passed and
everything was as like a country picnic as
straight business could be.
"In the Exchange building I found a
branch postofflce which does a very large
monthly business, representing sales
amounting to $3,000 to H.friO monthly. I
wont to the third floor to the railroad
offices to reo ive my return trnasportatlon
and found offices of all the local roads
there In active business.
A the cast end of the exchange Is lo
cated the Union Slock Yards National
bank. Its deposits amount , to nearly
$4,000,000. Three other banks- are located
In the business center, of the city of South
Omahar In all four banks over $10,000,000
is deposited. L
. , - Vlsted the Plants..'
"During the afternoon t went 'first to
the matn offices of the Union Stock Yards
company anil was Introduced to Everett
Buckingham, the manager. I found him
the most courteous of men, ready with In
formation on any phase of the business.
In my talk of half an hour I learned much
valuable Information. Most of this came
because I told him I was seeking Informa
tion. Ordinarily the most busy of men, he
seemed to drop everything to refer to his
records and show me what had been done
slice the opening of tho yards.
"After my visit at the general office I
went through Swift & Co's packing
piant and also the plant of Armour &
than btnek shinned to other mnrkets. Sev.
eral cases of split shipments within the employes as though billed locally.
last few moiitlis are recorded wherein the One feature of the South Omaha market
South Omaha shipment brought larger re- which has forced recognition for Itself dur-
thm- 11 nil
south and the farmers have learned that
the prices paid are equal to those of the
eastern and southern markets. Several
combination breeders' sales have been held
and will continue to be held from. time to
time, as all have been very successful. -South
Omaha has several horse commis
sion firms, the members of which have
given a llfo-long study to the business, '
making them acquainted with all Its
needs. These devote their entire attention '
to this business. ;
Commodious llorae Section.
Last year several large barns were
erected and fitted for the exclusive use of
dealers in Imported draft stallions, Short
horn, Hereford and other pure bred cattle.'
Several firms with a world-wide reputation'
have located permanently at South Omaha,'
keeping a large number of horses and cat
tle on exhibition each dny of the year, glv-,
lng farmers snd ranchmen a splendid lot1
of animals from which to make their selec
tions. Farmers and breeders have long
since learned that It pays to breed well'
and to thnt end the demand for4 fine bulls'
' heavy, making it attractive for stock;
growers to ship their bulls to the South .
Omaha market. The very frequent publlo
sales of pure hred cattle, coupled with the.
large number always on hand at the above
mentioned barns. Insures the prospective
purchaser an opportunity unequaled else- '
where. Situated as It Is In the center of the'
corn belt and In the midst of the feeder
section of the country, the return- freight
Is not as heavy from South Omaha as from
any other markets. t
The following tablo of summaries for the '
last twenty-four years shows the total
stock handled at the yards since the estab-j
bailment twenty-four years ago to be
94,783.972 head. The tablo shows: -
RECEIPTS OF STOCK DUTtfNO TWEN
TY-FOUR YEARS. '
Cattle 1.63M"0 '
Hons ;i.ftn6,9! '
Horses and Mules 607,$.
Horses and Mules..
.. 8.973. 74S
Wool Market Helps.
The establishment of the wool market In
Omaha is looked upon by the commission
men to give an added Impetus to the sheep
business In Fout'i Omaha. As never before,
the eyes of the sheep men of the west aru'
1bfs of steers would be selected for that chute house I found at thu west end of tho have on the general appearance of a drovo
lrade. My son told of a visit to the South O street viaduct, which location Is familiar of steers. It Is an idea I shall make use
Omaha packing center and of the valuable tQ anybody who happens to visit the of In buying my feeders hereafter.
Insight which It gave him of the great live south Omaha yards. It was still pretty
stock Industry from the viewpoint of the early, though many men were about. Most
packer and the commission man.
oaa;ht (onmlulon Firm.
"Well, I tried his suggestions one at a
time and with caution. I got In connection
with a reliable firm at South Omaha which
has been In the commission business since
Found Market Steady.
"There were 6,on) cattle in the yards the
morning I arrived, which the commission
man said was about tho number to hold
the market steadv if the eastern reports
were good. On this particular morning the
they tell me all four packing house!
of them were the drivers and employes of
the Union Stockyards company. I was told
that none of my commission firm was on
hand yet, so I walked out along the un
litHilltm dock and saw my loads safely off
the cars. They were driven into the nearest buyers were out early and the selling was
. m , . , tn ,i, ,!, HHnlcnment I asked the acuve. inc Duyers ai roue Horses, espe
the establishment of the yards and asked Pen t0 wau 1 assignment, i asueu uk .,,.,,. ... , . 1.
.v, . . (k.i. ,,. . ...v.. workmen who were handling my stock" eia"v the buyers for the packers. I dls
to the market letters. The report, of the what they thought of their condition and covered that there were many speculative
. buvera on tho grounds rea.lv tn ntek nn
Department or Agriculture have been In was assured tnui tney wtouia go preny iuBu
my home every year since that time. I unless a very large shipment came In, or
have made money at It and recommend the unexpected reports from the other markets
study. caused a slump.
"All this time my Ideas of the packing "Then I walked back to the chute house
tenter were rather vague, for I had been a and heard the first assignments announced.
Total Receipts of Stock for Twenty-four Years.
IS ' US. 515
1S7 2 WU77
1WI fi"l .2
IV'JI Ml. 612
1K( S22 4
IH ' !4.1!2
2. j .! 2'5
2 I "7o
1 3 4 '41
29.0i6, 9W lS,9tT7,Si6 ie7,2'jS
Total Shipments of Stock for Twenty-four Years.
Years. Cattle. Hogs.
1M4 H.4"9 752
15 f2.44 75.213
16 74 617 16.WW
1M7 lni .R 164.074
lw 212.263 3!9. '-'.H
IsMJ 22n.i'v7 17 21K
27.4 Jn;I -J-7
jijil 3" v "''3.4S
4 H 2'1
isji; 3io 175
Ishu S22 1!4 17-0-.'4
1K 2SS.4T4 2S.W9
0 274.479 36!i
1. 239.26') -48.51
!!,; 3-423 16..7"S
11. .3 l.?jl no."
16 S14 97S 172.2a
yA 3-J.342 170.Ovl
17 361. bus lls,9."7
Totals ' 6.211.863 4.0BU.313
Sheep. Muh s.
4 i 91
SI. 2 9
39 .9 9
buyers on th grounds ready to pick up
good bargains where they were to be had.
Right here I discovered the great advan
tages of careful feeding and selection of
stock. In ;ens next to mine I saw cattle,
which I knew were heavier than mine
and which had been fed corn for a longer
time. They were unkrpt and looked roua;li,
however. The bidding for my cattle was
all of $2 per' hundred higher than for the
other. My commission man simply laughed
at the fit at bids for the cattle saying he
would buy the whole bunch himself befnrn
he would let them go at the offer. Per
sonally I thought the bid pretty good; but
did not Interfere. Within ha'f an hour
his judgment apfieared verified; for dur
ing that time three other n.en came to
look over my cattle and each made an
offer a little better than his predecessor.
Still the commission man told me to watt.
In the mean time the whole yards wer
teeming with life and activity. Cattle
were being sold to the packers and to the
feeders In numbers. I had a chance to
hear the closing of a dozoi. sales. It was
(liilte a novel experience. 1 had thought
that matters were conducted oij an entirely
different line, and that bidding was a
mere matter of form. I hae made up mv
m'nd so far as local affair? are concerned
the packers bid on stock for about the
same reason that I b:d on them, that Is,
for the apparent worth and the antici
pated prospect of a profit.
More Than Kipeeted.
;'At 10 o'cl.n k my commission man said
sell and we closed out at $7.65, which was
much better than I expected. Then for
the first time I went to the offices at the
exchange buildirg. after seeing my catilo
weighed and Inspected by the United States
government Inspectors. Then my cattle
went out of my sight, and I suppose within
an hour must of the beauties I've been
pretty proud of In life were neatly dressed
hanging in rows in the coolers of the
"In the offices, I was told it wou'ti re
quire about two hours to straighten out
the day's sales snd make out the checks;
so I went through the hog section of the
yards as I bad through the cittle sec-
company, are much alike in kind and ca- having reached the million mark in 18s,
pacny; eacn plant is a world of Industry an,i at the same time adding a largo
by itself. Here I saw the transformation amount of territory to that which had
of live animals in ti e course of a few mo- been considered tributary to Omaha. Tho
ments Into products ready for the most sheep barns were destroyed five years ago
fastidious market, all without waste. I by fire and were replaced by the best con
must say I realized as never before the structed andthe most conveniently ar
economies necessary in the food produc- ranged buildings to be found at any mar
tlon of a great teeming population such as ket In the country. These barns accom
ours lias come to be. modate 50,0i0 sheep and are mammoth fire
i- proof structures covering 185.000 square feet
Returned Home Happy. where, under one roof are scales, sorting
"On returning to my home I have taken pens, a complete feed station and every-
the liberty to Jot down as briefly as may thing necessary to the rapid transaction of
be my Impressions and my interest In businefs. The whole Is well paved with
South Omaha as a live stock renter. I vitrified brick and electric lighted.
BUYERS AT WORK TICKING THE GOOD ONES.
turns to the owner than the other mar- Ing the last few years Is the horse and
ket,. mule market. The directors were not slow
More attention has been paid to the to recognize this growing feature and am-
handllng of sheep of late until today pie space hae been provided. Although the turned towara Omaha and the Indications
are that this market will In the future get?
a much larger proportion of the sheep
from the ranges of the west. The wool,
market at Omaha will give the sheep men;
an opportunity to clean up on their sheepj
and make arrangements for their wool on''
one trip away from the ranch. I.
With the Increased business at the stock
Omaha Is the second sheep market of the automobile Is forging to the fore and for
world In addition to being the second hog a time was threatening to crowd the hum
market In size and the third cattle market, ble horso and mule off the earth, the fart
The rebuilding of the sheep barns and the ,un remans that the breeder who pro-
niimr Mr Cr, Su-ir je. rn .u- -... i . ... ... . .
. Ljn.i. w . Hie tiiiiHuv I... 1 1 .4 r . i. .n.ntnn. la nr na. nrrpRHP, M ... . . . . . j
. . - ..---.- iiuuuiiiB in me uii'e-"'B fi"!-1' auces gooa siock or euner arari or roan-
Packing company and the Omaha Packing the bus)ness over yo per cent, the receipts ,t t for ucn ,tock neary dou!)le
what he was able to get ten years ago.
This fact makes farmers show more care
In their breeding and the result Is that at yards the Union Stock Yards company lies
better grade of stuff is yearly arriving at kept up with the pace and no complaint
South Omaha. is heard from shippers because their stocky
(y Is r.ot handled promptly. If an additional
Ventilated Barns. engine was needed to handle Ihe hundreds,
Handsome brick barns, well ventilated of cars as they rolled Into tho yards. tliat(
and lighted, have been erected and the
stockmen are provided with one of the
finest pavilions In the country for the ac
commodation of those attending sales.
There are constantly on the market nu
merous buyers from the east, north and
engine was bought. Everett Buckingham,
general manager of the stock yards corn-'
pany, is an experience railroad man andj
he has completely solved the problem of
quickly handling all cars of stock as soon
as they arrive at the yards.
must fay a word In appreciation of the
treatment I received both from the com
mission men and from the Union Stock
Yards company. I am thoroughly con
vinced that the Omaha packing center Is
as good as any, and more convenient to a
large area, within a thirty-six-hour Jour
ney by rail of the great city of the Trans
niissocri country. ). H. CLINTON."
The Union Stock Yards company whs
established In 1KM and from the time of Us
founding until the present time has grown
and grown until Its present capacity Is
3i.ik0 cattle. 50.n0 sheep. .) hugs and
1.5iO horses and mules. The officers of the
company are R. J. Dunham, president;
John D. Crelghton, vice president; J. C.
Sharp, secretaiy and treasurer, and E.
Buckingham, ge neral munager. The b.iard
of directors consists of R. J. Dunham, I.ee
W. Spratlen. John D. Creigl.ton. F. II.
tavls. Thomas B. McPhcrson, Samuel Me
Roberts. V. B. Caldwell, R. C. Howe and
C. F. Mandi-rson.
Arres of Yare'a.
Some idea of the enormity of the Union
Stock Yards and the packing houses which
aie run In connee tlun with tiie yards may
be gleaned from the statement that 1200
people are employee! or. Ihe 250 acres of
land on whii-h the yards and packing
houses are located. Some of these draw
wages of laboring men and many receive
pay as skilled mechanic and. the total
counts into a neat figure each month and
The packers are not the only buyers of
stue k which Is briught to the P mth Omaha
market for although the jarkers have teen
buying thousands of head of stock a d ey
another force has been at work, making
the market stronger and better. The feed
ers of the surrounding states, the men
who buy Uiln range stuff and fatten It
with the products of their farms, have
learned that this la the best place to por
tion. The hog section la busted south of chase that class of cattle and sheep. South
the exchange building, where the offices
of the com mission men are located. Here
I found about the same processes In action
as In the cattle market. The hogs are
provided with covered sheds s a protec
tion against sun and storm. In the hag
section care Is taken that drives be as
Omaha enjoys facilities not equaled by
any other market for receiving all kinds of
Ihe stock or the raw material, and as a
Sheep Dlpplngr t'lant.
The dipping plant was ereeted In con
formity with the reepilrements of the
United States Department of Agriculture
and Is complete In every detail and In
charge of men skilled 111 the business. At
a nominal cost the feeder may have his
purchase made secure from disease and
the success of this has been verified by
the large Increase in Inquiry at this point
from all over the corn belt for feeding
stock, and from the large number of sheep
of this dlscrtptlon shipped In from the
ranees of the west.
The town of South Omaha has practically
been called Into existence by the live stock
market. The former wilile-rne-ss has been
transformed in a few short years ir.'o a
rlty of well paved streets, creditable busi
ness houses and residence bl jchs and the
city has grown and spread over the sur
rounding territory whli h the original plat
ters of the city never dreamed would be
used for aught but farm lands. South
Omaha has be-enme a city of SO.ikiO people
and hds become suc h a cl'y that the mar
ket Is more often referred to as the South
Omaha market. Must of the inhibttants of
this thriving city are elepi-mh nt upon the
packing industry for their d.illy bread and
well does the chief Industry provide for
the wants of tie Inhabitants of Soutli
Omaha. The banks show a strong line of
deposits, real estate shows he-alt by prices
and the whole city teems with life.
rirnly of Water.
The water used at the stock yards comes
from the city mains, which In turn. drw
their supply from the Mi'souri river. The
watfr supply i' alxayr. .opi;:a:e and, as
is well known, the water Is unexcelled
Every pen in the yard Is suppl'ed with a
trouj;h and hydrant, so that under no cir
cumstances is stock forced to he moved cr
g without wjter. Careful attention has
been paid to the elrMnape and sewerage,
and the result is as perfect and complete
a system as is to be found arywhe'e In
the country. The yards have the natural
distributing point for both the product of advantage or r.eirg s.i.m-.i on ron.ng iana.
this Industry- and for feeders to the great which materially assists in the drainage,
corn belt of the central went. The ysr.ls company cares for the stock
Nebiaska, Ia, Kansas and Missouri, from the time ot Us arrival until it is dis-
Total Receipts for Year 1907 by Railroads.
C. M. & Et. P 19617
Missouri Pacific 43.263
Union Pacific 2C6.1H2
C. & N. W. R 19,310
C. & N. W.-W 28.727
M. & 0 66,494
C. B. & Q -E 31,22
C, B. & Q.-W 346.691
Rock Island E 19.8'S
Rock Island W 4, 22,731
Illinois Central 9.4(i5
Chicago Great Western 8,591
Lriven In 11,910
Horses Tot'l No.
Sheep, and Mules. &T
1.' 3 i
2.2C3.4 52 2,0i8,777 44.020
Total Shipments for Year 1907 by Railroads.
C M. & St. P 40,971
Missouri Pacific 9.6 9
Union Pacific 13,273
C. & N. W.-K 4.S6S
C. & N. W.-W r,051
M. & 0 17.2 8
C, II. & Q.-E 91.9T-9
C, B. A Q.-W 21046
Rock Island-K 69 t:i
Rock luland-W 1.9.6
Illinois Central 14.6 2
Chicago Great Western 7,138
Total 361, J8
26. f: 2
Hirses Tot'l No.
Ehep. and Mubs. Cars
2. ' 73
118.977 1.022.997 42.517 1A4V4