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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 24, 1906)
The Omaha Daily Bee
VOL. XXXVI-NO. 102.
OMAIIA, MONDAY MORNING, PECEMHEP. 24, 1006.
SINGLE COPY THREE CENTS.
IRELAND. ON FRANCE
Arcbbiahep Diacnitea Eitoatioi in Bis
Eermon at u PauL
OUTLOOK IS SLRIOUS FOR MOMENT
He Prediote Solution of froblem Eatie
to All Fart.ea.
CONFLICT MISUNDERSTOOD IN AMERICA
Separation in Franoe uieana Serritads and
Ojipreaaion lnaiead of Liberty.
CHURCH READY FOR FAIR SEPARATION
Frraent Mottmril Is by Infidel and
Atheist, and la Directed at All
nellgion .Nation Is a He
ps bile la time Only.
ST. PAUL, Minn., Dec. 23.-Archblhop
Ireland In his sermon at the cathed' 'lis
morning spoke cm the topic, "CI. -7- '1
State in France." He said In port .'
The conflict rag in at the pieset. ''. .y
between me ehurcn and the stale In f "
awakens umve.sal anil profou.id lntt
It could not be otherwise, were li oniy
the pei snowlines 01 the contestants on l
1 c'hurch"1 wii ch f ' ' not pxM when he wrote "Homeo , cording to the firemen, abrogated the j Dr. Stlnchfield, wt'h tears In his eyes and 1 Alnskan geography.-' said Mr. OalTney yes
)moraLi.nd i ei.louV' "msnakPsw"are with ,hem (,ov''raI "r,U atro , his hands laid affectionately on Hicks' , terday. "Several times since leaving Nome
one bid', tiie caiimji
Muen liaM awaveil trie moral una i riii"u
Hie ot tne tens of million of inaukiiiU and ,
demands an in heaven s name tne nghi
continue lis work auown the conUin . ,
on the other the "giarulo nation' since- tne
aa of ClovlH and Chai leiiuigne as revelled
in the title of "KloeKt Daun.iter of i
chuiih. and has helu so Iouk amid peoles !
the nnm; conspicuous piate in tne vanauard ;
of religion ana of civilisation. j
e ask what the causes oi me c.iu.m i.
what are to be the results? For the mo
ment the situation Is undoubtedly a.ri,.us
for the one as for the other of the conteal
anis. Yet. seen mo.e anrar, it reveals no
coloring of deapair, el. her for trance, or I
for the church in France. A brikhi nvirn
ItiK. l dare predict, will Ht a not d M .11'
tinid dawn over the field of ba.tle, dropping
from the skies sunshine anu ea e an., b"-
Jetting both in the church and in Fiance,
oy and exultation that the pass.ige at
arms, angry as it once was, has opened the
way to a clearer understanding of mutuai
Intel ests, to a warmer glow of ulden mu
And now. by act of Parliament, the con
cordat la abolished, a regime of separation
Iet not Americana be misled by words
which have a totally different signification,
In their land from what Is allowed to them
in Fiance. Separation of the church fiom
' i te in America means liberty nnd Jus
lliere It nuaim servitude and suppres
Heady for Fair Separation.
t- l eaking on Friday last to the cnrdlnals
i ! M'nt in the Vatican, Plus X said of the
"We are reaily to submit to separation
fy-m te ta'e Mit It nvist be a f ilr epar
atlnn such as obtains In the Pn'ted St ites.
In Uracil. In Great Writaln, In Holland and
not a subjection." ' i
, " Cniteii States makes
, ' -In
means exactly what It purports to mean.
Under advice from the head of the church,
to. ... ... ...i-
tloiis t.ffeied by the i.iw of separation.
'Jhev acted from principle, In the Interest
of religion they could not approve such as
Hnclatlons; they could not by tolerating
them appear to approve them. They are
not rebels agalnat the lawa of the country.
The "aaMiulnttona:." as the nilnimer of edu
cailon, M. firland. Iitmsrlf, baa drclir'd.
Wi" not ataMitea binding upo
they wera p ivllcges tern e ed t the church,
wluih it .wis tree to accept
It has rejected thein. Poe and
bishops knew full well he cotwiuemn
that were to follow: the spirit of the gov
ernment was not hidden from their eyes; It
was an era of persecution, hut If no other
escape from persecution were possible than
the acceptance of the law of associations,
they were ready to welcome persecution.
Against All Kellalon.
It Is a lamentable fact that there Is In
France a party bent on the destruction of
religion. The war la made on the Catholic
rhu. ch because It In France represi nts
religion. In reality. In' Intent and In lact
th war Is against Christianity under any
form, against religion of any kind, against
the Idea Itself of a God rrlgnlng over men.
The old spirit of Voltaire and the enc yclo
paedihia of the eighteenth century never
died uut in fiance. it nan an ouioursi
of triumph In the revolution, when God
was declared nonexistent and Infamy It
self, denoted the "Goddess of Reason," whs
uplifted to adoration upon the altar of the
cathedral of Paris. It slumbered a while
under succeeding imperial and royal
regimes: It has reawakened to new vigor
In tlio freedom allowed t thought and
speech by the present republic.
This party of Inlldela and atheists is far
from being France, as 1 shall later say,
but It Is active, persistent, unscrupulous,
and It forces Itself with vengeance to the
front. It has grasped the helm of power
and it steers the ship of state into the
darkest depths of unbelief and Irreligion.
Yesterday It was Comliea. the most brutal
of all; today it Is l lemencesu, somewhat
more subdued In his haired, but yet a
leader in the fight.
Republican lu Same Only.
With such men and with others dividing
with them public power, even If less vio
lent adepts of irreligion, there reigns an
other Idea the omnipotence 'of the state.
This was ever the plague of France even
when Its rulers were devoui Catholics. The
state must control all agencies of iwer.
It must brook no rival Even the church
must las In the hands of the government,
bo was it with Louis XIV. and with Xu,
poleon. so is it with the republic. The
republic is a name in Fiance; it has been
will Bald of It that It sleeps on the bed
of I.ouis XIV. France has never under
Moo. I the meaning of a republic, which
Is respect for private and personal liberty.
Which Is to leave a -
the people, to take to the state only what
la needed for the public weal. The most
republican of republicans, sealed In i'aina.
lllelit. Set o..l HI on v to .r.,u. ... J
to their own liking. We ure the state,
they cry out. as Louis. XIV once said: "l
li in the state." and the state Is the great
power and all must think and act as the
biate wills and as we will.
This Is certainly the spirit of the infidels
who now ruie me country, ttnu i ni noi
least the i-t irit of g.iod Catholic who wvre
they to be tomorrow In the aicendincy
Fhoi'l.l iM-lieve It their duty to make every
one go to mass, as the present government
assumes It as their duty to let no olio go
1'iinrr Ureatly Crntrallard.
I know l"rance from the channel to tin1
Metliierianeaii, 1 know Its cities and Its
villages. I know Its people its aristocracy,
Its bourgeoisie and lis peasantry and I
kaow thein lo be Catholic. How then ex
plain the political situation? There are
tcverul cHiu-es to be noted. The masses
l ie not use. I to political life. For ages
r" "; ,h,' ""."v. ''"'Tf;
power; It names the hundreds of
l . ..,.(u.- jk i'i.kui, iiolll lite pieiect
, ...... w . .e OUolhiC-l siito !
I, i a.id tne vil.nt.e constable; Ihey obey
the order received Irom I'arM: they speak
to the crowds around them crowds who
read til tic, who think little, and the crowd
In their turn obey the mandate. An In
dependent, nelf-aigued si ffrage has noc en
tered lino Ihe populHT llle. Nor Is there
unions tne muss
the ambition to gain
political lileriy. Paris for a century and
half hua mud r ranee. . Establish a new
regime monarchical ur republic In Paris
this evening. Ih provinces awaken to
morrow inornii.g nioiui. local or republican.
It will miulie long years to de entrains
power In Francv. to van to each cltiseii
const lousnces ot personal Independence, t i
nl. liii ihrough universal unmge a
expression of national will.
Ar M"1' o Blame
w ho are now the chief suf-
terera. are much to blame. They, to.,,
have retained, even at tne altar and In
the pulpit, (he spirit of 'askive olKslirnce
inherited from oid regimes. Admirable, la
l Bacillus' the catechism, in liiilulstrnl g
tne Mrramonla, they have tiuver leirned
the virtue ot public life, they have never
qiilcVened beneath the activities of the
bttllleneld. 'I heir examp.e and their
SHAKESPEARE IS ATTACKED
German Savant Rover, F.arl of
Itatland W11 Aalhor
BERIJV, Pec. 22. (Special.) Dr. Kurt
Meibtreu a new hook, in which he an
nources his discovery that Honor, earl of
Rutland, whs the author of all the plays
ascribed for over 3") years to Shakespeare,
has just been published.
Some of tlio points made against Shake
speare are as follows:
We learn one certain fact from the verses
ridiculing; the magistrate, viz.. that young
Shakespeare was a brainless country bump
kin without a trace of literary tulent. It
ha not been established at which of the
theaters he acted, but It has been discos
ered that t lie first Shakesieareaii dramaa ;
were played by the Pembroke. M
William Shakespeare did not belong. I hi-. ,
however, would i,v., been impossible at
that time If the comedian Shakespeare had
really been the author of the verses
William Shakespeare was a wealthy man
In later years, lie retired to Stratford as
a successful man and abandoned litera
ture. He took to drinking and It is said
that he died from the enrcls of a pot
house revelry and it is certainly known
that he kept his regular seat In the ftier- ,
maid tavern as long as he lived in London.
It Is notorious that the prosperous I'hilis- j
tine, William Shakespeare, became a usurer .
at Stratford and lent money for Interest.
He was a drinker and a cunning man of i
No one but a great nobleman would have
dared to write the bitter satire contained
a poor comedian in ruin: " William Shake-
oeare could only have gained his know!-
e nf the manners and the customs or
'1 society oy ins lefcrnuuij
Ksex and Southampton, but this cer- j
, ' amhor t.iniiii ir
wfx inner life of royal courts who ;
ha , .iateiuen. courtiers. I
-0 - .1 i r 1
rtiould William Shakespeare have
i nr. .dure his areat works several
years'before his death? The answer to lids
foun,i jn t,e fa, t that HiBer. earl of
Kiitland died In pill, shortly after the ap-
... .,. th. lnst tw0 Shakespearean
Herr Blelbtrcu offers an explanation why
Roger, earl of Rutland, hid himself behind
the name of William Shakespeare.
tributed Rutland's arrangement for
anonymity to political reasons. The
Shakespearean dramaa were regarded by
contemporarlea as political in tendency and
both Queen Elisabeth and King James
would have vUlted their wrath on the
author of such plays as "Julius Caesar"
and "Hamlet" If he had been a prominent
nobleman. William Shakespeare was not
punished, partly because of his personal
Insignificance and partly because It was
generally known that he was not tho real
writer. Perhaps the most telling point in
favor of this theory Is found In the fact
that Herr Blelbtreu shows a series of
financial transactions between Roi;er, earl
of Rutland, and Francis, earl of Rutland,
the heir of his childless brother, and from
there transactions the authorship theory Is
GENERAL BOOTH TO VISIT ASIA
Head of Salvation Army Will Pass
Through America on 111
BERLIN, Dec. 22. (Special.) General
Booth, who has been here for the purpose
of conducting a monster meeting at the
Busch cUvus on ths occasion mt tba Prus
sian "Day of Humiliation and Prayer;
gttyg that he la golnj to ( Japan at the be
ginning of next year, and that ne nopea to
spend April in that country.
The general will travel by way of the
United States and Canada.
The object of his visit Is to examine on
the spot the work of the Salvation Army
In Japan. The general expressed himself
as highly satisfied with the reports of thu
work of the Salvationists In Japan, and
said that these reports showed that they
had met with every courtesy nom ur
authorities. The Salvationists, according
to all accounts; had been Instrumental In
rescuing 30.000 geisha girls from the state
of bondage In which they hud been held.
The army, General Booth concluded, was
also doing a good work In Corea, where
It was receiving every assistance from the
Japanese authorities, and a start would
be made In Manchuria, he said, as soon as
the country was once again fully opened up.
PASSENGER STEAMER BURNS
Prompt and Efficient Work of Crew
Lands 3M Paaaengera Wlthoat
Loaa of Life.
HALIFAX. N. 8., Dec. 23 Word was re
ceived here today from Port Dufferin, a
small coast town some sixty miles east
of this city, of the destruction by fire of
the passenger steamer Strathcona, owned
by the Halifax & Canson Steamship com
pany, and bound from this port for Canso
and Guyshorough. That no lives were lost
Is due principally to the heroism of the
engineers and firemen, who stuck to their
posts until the steamer was beached and
everyone of the SS0 passengers landed. In
less than an hour after the beaching of
the sterr.er It waa burned to the water's
PRUSSIAN EXPLORER RETURNS
Ur. von Lecoq Hrlnga IntereatlnaT
Palntlnxa and Manaacrlpta front
BOMBAY. Deo. 22. (Special.) Dr. von
LecoQ, a scientific emissary of the Ptus-
t Bjart government.
has arrived safely at 1
I Srlnagar after a Journey through the most
remote portions of central Asia. He has
hrmmhl bark with him a nuantitv
highly Interesting paintings on stucco, the
backgrounds In many cases being of g.ld
leaf, aa in Italian work, and a numlier
of manuscripts in ten different languages
and several unknown tongues.
Dr. Iytcoos discoveries are believed to
constitute the greatest archaeological find
since the days of La yard and Rawilnsun.
TO VISIT INDIA
Duke of Connanaht
Rangoon and Anxrer la
CALCUTTA. Iec. 22. -(Special -It
officially announced that the duke of Con-
naught will visit Imrhma this winter and
that he will be In Rangoon from the mid
dle of February to March 1 His royaj
htgliiu'sa will urrlve In Pnlcutta on March
S and will leave on ila-ch 13 by sea for
Colombo. The duke has received several
other Invitations to visit other parts of
i India, but he has no time to liccpt them.
I TIia irt.r of Atuhnnlalsn'. nor V. -,
been extended and now includes a visit
t , rl.-nt um l a visit to Lahore
Kins t.rar Mlah.lv W or.e
STOCKHOLM. Dec. 23.-A bulletin Issued
tishiy regarding the state of health of
King Oscar fcjys that I.U temperature on
Saturday was mt.t and this morning 99 6.
Otherwise hi condltlun remain un-
RAILWAI FIREMEN STRIKE
Souther Facific 1 en in Lonleiaca and
Texaa Enapend Work.
VIOLATION Of CONTRACT IS ALLEGED
Strikers Claim Hlatit to Represent
witch Enalneera In All
Dealing; with the
HOUSTON, Tex., Dec. 23. Pursuant to
an ultimatum Issued yesterday by the u-
thorlied officers of the Brotherhood of lx- j
comot I ve Firemen, following; a referendum
. , ... h,lWhnrt , I
vote or the members or tne oromernooo. i.
fected, a strike of locomotive firemen went ,
lmo eueci mis aiiernoon av u u i im r uii i
the lines ot the Southern facinc company
In Texas and Loulsinna.
About or 4'Ti men are Involved In the
strike and the lines to which the strike
order applies are the Morgan s Iuislana
& Texaa, the Iberia & Vermilion, the
Louisiana & Western, the Texas & New 1
Orleans and the Galveston, Harrlsburg A j
These lines extend from New Orleans to
El Paso, twenty-eight . branches, reaching
several Important by-polnts in the two
The trouble has been Incubating ever
since the Southern Pacific company, nc- ;
by signing an agreement with the Brother-I
hood. of locomotive Engineers, which '
. .w. .... ..I
11 wie jiiii,-Ke in xs mciiicu in
regulate the seniority list of swltcn en-
ginrers and to represent engineers and
members of the firemen's brotherhood on
A large percentage of firemen, becoming
engineers, maintain their membership and i
Insurance In the firemen's organization in- !
stead of Joining the engineers' brotherhood.
and this fact seems to be at the bottom of
the present trouble, notwithstanding the I
specific declaration of the firemen that
their grievance Is against the company and
not against the Brotherhood of locomotive
The full effects of the strike will not be
apparent for several days and no announce
ment of the Intention of the company rel
ative to the filling of the places of the men
who have gone out has yet been made,
llanrahan Declines to Talk.
PEORIA, 111., Dec. 23. Announcement
that tho strike of the engineers and fire
men on the Atlantic system of the South
ern Pacific railroad went Into effect at S
o'clock today was given out tonight at the
headquarters of the Brotherhood of Loco
motive Firemen and Engineers. Grand
Master Hanrahan declined to be Inter
viewed on the strike or the probable effect
It would have upon the conditions along
the system. He simply gave out a copy
of the telegram from Second Vice Grand
Master Timothy Shea, who has had the
matter In charge. The telegram is as fol
lows: HOt'STON, Tex., Dec. 23. We renewed
urgent efforts again today to arbitrate tho
question In dispute, but the company and
the engineers absolutely refused to do so.
The strike became effective at 6 o'clock.
Grand Master John 3. Hannahan of tho
Firemen's Brotherhood denied tonight that
the difficulty which led up to the strike
of the members of the organization on the
Southern Pacific railroad Is a fight be
tween the Biotherhood of Locomotive Fire
men and Englnmen and the Brotherhood
of Locomotive Engineers, but he charger
discrimination against the members of his
organization, as was stated In his tele
gram of Saturday night to E. H. Harrl-
man. T he charge Is made by Mr. Hanna-
K tnat tne j. bro,,, h,
absolute Jurisdiction In the settlement of
grievances which will deprive the members
of his organization of a vote In settling
any difficulties that may arise.
Freight for Tecaa Refused.
NEW ORLEANS, Dec. 23. Announcement
was made today that the Southern Pacific
rallroud will receive no more freight from
Intersecting lines to points In Texas until
Changes In freight routings caused by
the Southern Pacific strike and affecting
a territory extending from St. Louis to
New York city, covered by four of the
big carriers entering New Orleans, were
announce dtoday. Hereafter such freight
consigned to points In Louisiana and
Texas will lie routed via Cairo. Ill; East
St. Louis, Memphis, Tenn., and Shreveport,
La., in place of passing through New Or
leans. The railroads announcing this
I change are the Queen & Crescent system,
Illinois Central, Yazoo & Mississippi Val
ley and the Louisville & Nashville rail
roads. NINE PRISONERS GET AWAY
Aenaatlonal Jail Delivery In Cln
elnnatl During- Hoar for
CINCINNATI. Dec. 23. Nine prisoners
escaped from the Hamilton county Jail here
this morning. Among those who escaped
were some desperate criminals, including
Clarendon Henri (arrested in New York
recently), who stole the famous picture,
"Girl Knitting," from the Cincinnati mu
seum. The prisoners made their escape during
church service hours, at which time more
liberty than usual Is permitted. Their es
cape was effected by unlocking a door
li 0 li l.ala in a r , ... ..... I 1 1 .
"--"K" leauuig to
ut'"" " T.-rr,. ,.,, i.iiitr wan ana
1 ' " lauuers were
; found and tlrllo', toeth'' y bed clothing.
i the cell block.
. J,,c l"c ua" l" lne ouler window was
I 8Uwe'1 an'' "hove1 asl,le- "n1! the spliced
i.uioer was piacea rrom tne window ledge
to the top of a one-story structure In the
Jail yard, from the roof of which the
prisoners dropped twenty feet to the
ground. A smsJl boy saw the men as they
ran down the street and Immediately noti
fied those In the office of the Jailor.
This afternoon two of the prisoners wera
captured. The others are still at large.
MAN AND WOMAN FOUND DEAD
One of the Victims of Double Tragedy
In Washington Probably from
WASHINGTON, Dec. 23-Charles N.
Turner, a carpenter of this city, 5o years
old and married, and an unidentified young
woman, possibly from Kansas City, Mo.,
were found dead from asphyxiation today
at a small hotel at 6;'2 Pennsylvania ave
nue northwest, where they registered yes
teray as "I. Minon and wife." The woman
was cf handsome face and figure, had
black hair and five feet an dten Inches
j tall, and was attired in soft black waist
ttm, blaclt eklrt sl,e ,.re a of
paratlv.ly new shoes which bore the label
,f a shoe firm In Kansas City. Mo.
, The couple had been drinking. The coro-
per expressed the belief that death whs
accidental, but the police say th clrcuin-
j stance Indicate douUt) suicide.
HICKS TAKEN FROM TUNNEL
California Miner Releaaed After
pending; Sixteen Dnya Under
BAKERSFIELD. Cal., Pec. 23 L. B.
Hicks whs releasvd ,at 11:23 o'clock last
night. The last cut on the second rail
whs made at 11:22 p. m., and no sooner was
the section removed and the way left open
than tlkks began to scrape away the
rocks and dirt and crawl toward the open
ing. With arms In front of his head he went
Into the miniature tunnel and began to
work his way slowly through to the other
side of the car. When he had progressed
about half way he stopped, and Superin-
, " , ,
Mlller, who stood at the
!,.,. . . ,, .... . ,. ,
nothing," Hicks called back. "I'm
Just going to stop. I'm out of wind. My
wind Is very short, you know."
Then the man of Iron moved a few In
ches further toward freedom and his arms
were seized by Dr. Stlnchfield and Miner
Gents. The two. exertlne all their atrniirlh
puIed tho m,npr nto ,ne man
n,. hp wai) niared in a sitting n,1Kitin
The blindfold haa been removed, a the
tunnel whs lighted by candle "only, and
the light was dim.
And there, 100 feet from the face of the
mountain and within a step where the
miner had lain entombed for nearly alx-
teen days, there occurred a pathetic scene.
shoulder, said: "Well, how are vou old 1
.L ... .. ..... I
Any mere were tears in tne eyes or Hicks
as well, the only tear that have shown 1
themselves in all the davs and nlchtu ulnee '
he was entombed, as he replied:
"I am feeling fine. I can never thank
you, doc. for what you have done."
And then came Superintendent Cone, the !
man who has stayed by tho work day and 1
night, directing every Interest, personal !
and of his company as well, to aid in the !
rescue of the miner. He came forward :
and took Hicks by both hands and said:
"I am glad to see you again, old man."
Hicks, with voice choked with emotion,
attempted to thank him also for his efforts
In hla behalf.
The superintendent gazed steadfastly for
a moment and then, unable to speak
further, he turned and walked out of the
tunnel and up tho mountainside.
To a representative of the Associated I
Press he saldr
"Of course, I am overjoyed that Hicks is '
out and I am rejoiced that he is well and !
strong. It was a long, tedious task and a
severe strain upon all connected with the
work, but I would go through It all over i
again to save that man."
Hicks was not as emaciated as was ex
pected. He was strong and tho stimulants
that had been prepared for him were not
neodod. His beard was thick and stubby,
but not grown out as might have been ex
pected. His face and hands were dirty,
but his clothing was fairly clean and in
CAPTAIN MACKLIN IMPROVING
No Cine to Identity or Whereabouts
. of Man Who Attempted to Kill
EL BE NO, Okl.. Dec. 23-The condition
of Captain Edgar A. Macklln, who was shot
by a robber at his residence at Forf Reno
last Friday night, was Improved today, and
recovery is assured, attendants say. The
robber has not yet been arrested nor do
the detectives In the case seem to have
any positive knowledge of the man's Iden
tity or his whereabouts. It Is believed
he caught a train at Darlington station,
four miles distant, and to which point his
trail was followed by bloodhounds.
The hat found at the rear of Captain
Macklln s porch undoubtedly was dropped
by the robber, as from this hat was taken
the scent that enabled the bloodhounds
yesterday morning to follow the trail to
the water tank at Darlington station. Ex
amination of the hnt discloses the figures
"25," indicating that the hat once belonged
to some man in the Twenty-fifth infantry.
There Is no letter, however, designating the
company, the letter having faded from the
cloth. This la by no means conclusive that
the man who shot Macklln was a soldier.
These hats can be found in the ash heaps
of the garrison and In the second-hand
Etores at El Reno. Many men find a cer
tain pleasure In wearing discarded army
paraphernalia, which is usually of good
quality and durable.
There Is still difference of opinion as to
the clothing worn by the negro. Captain
Macklln Is unable to tell what the man
wore. The negro woman servant has an
idea that his garments were the color of
the army" fatigue uniform, but It Is not
believed that the servant has a clear re
membrance of anything except the sound
of the shooting. Mrs. Macklln did not get
a clear view of the man.
Miners and Mllluiea of Bald Mountain
District Aak Coneeaslona.
DEAD WOOD, S. D.. Dec. 23. The Terry
Peak Miners' union has given . the mine
operators until January 6 to grant an eight
hour day. The Mine and Mill Men's union
of Deadwood has made a demand for an
eight-hour day. Terry Peak union con
trols the Bald Mountain district. Four
companies from this district operate mills
In Deadwood. They must meet the de
mands for an eight-hour day from both
miners and mill men. Only two of the
comianles affected are dividend payers.
. . ... .
This demand for an eight-hour day follows
the granting of an eight-hour day by the
j Homestake company. The operators have
; made no statement. The demands made
i are accepted ua a threat to strike.
Mew Presbyterian Church.
HURON. 8. D.. Dec. 23. (Special.) Rev.
J. P. Anderson and Rev. G. H. Grant have
returned from Midland, fifty miles west of
Fort Ilcrre, where they organized a Pres
byterian church, with seventeen members
and a large number of supporters. Rev.
L. C. Bell, missionary for the Central Da
kota Presbytery, Is acting as pastor of the
new church, which Is the outgrowth of
the work of Oscar E. Tell ot this city. Sab
bath school missionary.
Knibrssler's ienteue Affirmed.
PIERRE. 8. D.. Dec. 23. (Special.)
Judge Corson yesterday affirmed the clr-
cult court of Lyman county in the em
bezzlement case against Bert Allen, who
was convicted and came to the supreme
court on a writ of error. Allen will be
sentenced and will have to pay the penalty
for the crime with which he was charged.
Man Barned to Heath.
CHICAGO, Ix-c. 23 An explosion and
fire at the plant of the Northwestern Gaa
I.lKht and Coke company at Evanslon. sev
enteen miles north of here, today, resulted
in the death of Isaac Terry and serious
Injury to three other men, all workmen
employed by the gn company. The fire
occurred In a pit where tar, coke and oil
were stored. Terry was thrown Into the
pit by lUe ezplonloii and burueii to dmlb,
FORUMS MADE IN ALASKA
J. 0. Gaffoaj Telia of Euccete in the Land
of Midnight Bun.
HE HIMSELF HAS ACQUIRED WEALTH
Saye Hard Coal la Thirty-Two Dollars
a Ton Xow, bat Whim Are
More Than Proportion
From a 175 per month clerk In a Grand
Forks, N. D., store to a leading merchant
at Nome, Alaska, Is the life story of J. P.
Gnffney, who was a truest yesterday at the
Paxton hotel with his wife.
Mr. Gaffney Is an extremely modest
young man, but Is, nevertheless, a atrlklng
example of western push and enterpri-te.
He likes to talk about anything except his
own success. Vnllke many who went to
Alaska and acquired fortunes In a year,
Mr. Gaffney went there In WO, donned a
pair of overalls, worked hard for three
years and In 1903 was able to have his name
printed over the doorway of a clothing
and dry goods store In Nome. Today he
Is able to make a trip durlnir the "closed
season" to New York and buy hts next
"People In the states should study
I have been asked. 'Have you seen Mr.
So-nnd-So in Alaska?' I have asked the
.i... . j . ., .,!.,
mm inuninj i.-.j
nas bwn Pome plnce l,S.i0 miles from Nome.
People have no Idea of the vnstness of
Alaska. Last season, which closed a short
tlme ''K we B?nt from the district near
Nome tlO.OOO.nno n gold. From June 1 to
November 1 is considered the open season,
durlng which time our population runs from
,0 S.tmO. During the closed season
tne population IS about 4,'X. We have two
dally papers and a weekly. Nearly fifteen
boats ply between Seattle and Nome, the
boats carrying from 2,Ono to 3.500 tons and
from 200 to 6"0 passengers each."
Mr. Gaffney Is personally acquainted with
Congressman Frank H. Waskey of Alaska,
one of the Interesting figures ot Washing
ton Just now. Of Congressman Waskey
Mr. Gaffney said:
"Waskey came to Alaska with nothing
more than a fair education and grit. He
worked hard, and today is worth some-
thing like $u-l0,000. Not so very long ego
nc was selected on a Saturday to run for
alderman at Nome. The election was on
the following Tuesday. He made some
stirring speeches, but was opposeJ by the
labor element and iefeated by a close
figure. When he came up for congressman
he waa supported by the very element
which fought him In the el'y election. He
wants to get territorial rights for Alaska."
Mr. Gaffney is well posted on Nome af
fairs. He said the Fraternal Order of
Eagles owns Its $40,000 hall, while the Ma
sons have a $30,000 temple. When he left
arrests were being made of persons en
gaging In "panggingl," a game played with
seven decks of cards, and In which a
player can pass $1,000 over as easily as $1.
Mr. Gaffney said It would surprise the
Ftranger to know what a fine class of
people Inhabit Nome, aside from the float
lng population, which Includes people of
all classes. He said soft coal Is Just now
$22 a ton and hard coal $32 a ton, with
wages more than proportionately high. For
the young man with a little capital and
some wits there are many good chances
in Alaska, declared Mr. Gaffney.
"If you get off right you are all right,
but if you get off wrong you are to the
bad," Is the way he expressed It.
"Buffalo Bill" Cody put one more story
across the plate before he left the Mer
chants hotel Sunday morning for a hunt
In his old stamping ground, the Big Horn
When Colonel Cody begins to tell a story
It Is a token for all to gather around, for
the famous plainsman can tell stories as
well as break glass balls In a wild west
"While In Washington the other day I
heard a good one on the president and his
last bear hunt In Colorado," began the
colonel, as he looked at his watch to see
whether It was drawing near to train time.
"The way I heard the story was some
thing like this. President Roosevelt was
bear hunting with an experienced guide
In Colorado. The guide's dogs were rather
off their feed on the day in question.
Hearing of a Scotchman up country who
had some fine bear dogs, the guide and
the president hied themselves thither to
get the dogs. The guide first approached
the Scot with several propositions, one
being the possibility of borrowing the
dogs, another an offer to hire the dogs
and the third to hire the dogs and owner
for the day at a rate of pay that would
be worth while. The Scotchman was ob
durate, saying he would not let the dogs
go alone and was too busy to go himself,
"The president himself accosted the
Scotchman and repeated the guide's propo
sitions. The owner of the dogs stood pat
" 'But, my friend, maybe you do not know
I ajn the president of the United States,
continued Teddy, thinking that would
move the heart of the Scotchman.
" 'Why, mon. it would make nae differ
ence If ye were Booker T. Washington
my dogs will not go out today.' replied the
Colonel Cody borrowed Tom Foley's auto
matic gun for his hunting trip. From
Omaha he went to Denver, from where he
will proceed to Cheyenne to meet officers
who will give him correct data for his
next spectacle, which will be a realistic
depiction of the bandit hunters of the
Colonel Cody will spend New Years at
The crowd moved over to the Ifenshaw
and Joe Keenan of the Henshaw got th
"I was on a downtown car this morn
ing," began Joseph. "On the car was a
woman, a small boy and a large turkey.
The woman was acting as custodian of the
boy and gobbler. Bhe placed herself be
tween the boy and bird and I do not
think the congress of the United Statea
could have dislodged her. She was there
to stay. Several passengers standing up
wanted seats, but the small boy and large
' turkey occupied comfortable places In the
car, all for one fare of S cents
" 'Madam, please leave that turkey on the
rear platform," remarked the conductor.
"The fowl tried to release Itself from
"The woman gave the conductor a look
" 'Madam, the rules are'
"The conductor's words were drowned
by the turkey's siren notes.
"The result was the woman, small boy
and large turkey held seats for 5 cents
and the passengera were afforded much
amusement and the rules of the Omaha A
Council Bluffj Street Railway company
broken la sveral pieces."
NEBRASKA WEATHER FORECAST
Rain or iott In ebrek Todsyl
Warmer In Kast Portion. Pair
I'rmperatnre at Omaha Yrsterdayi
llonr. lira. llonr. lea
ft a. m i.t i p. in 2:t
"a. m I'J i p. ni
T a. m 13 II p. m 2T
N a. m 12 4 p. m it
t a. m 12 Rp. tn K7
!. m l:t (I p. m 'It
II a. m 17 T p. m Yt
i an . . . li I si p. in Wl
l p. ni its
AID FOR STARVING CHINESE
President Roosevelt laanea a Procla
mation Aaklna; for C'ontrlbntlona
to Red Cross Fund.
WASHINGTON. Dec. 23 President Roose
velt today, Issued a proclamation calling
on the people of tho United States to con
tribute funds for the relief of millions of
famine . sufferers In China, who are on
the verge of starvation. The president
says he will ask congress for authority to
use government transport vessels to carry
food to the famine-stricken region. The
To the People of the United States: There
la an appalling famine In China. Through
out a district coveting over 40.000 square
mllea and supporting a population of li. .
000. the crops have been destroyed by floods
and millions of people are on the verge of
starvation; thousands of dwellings have
been destroyed ami their Inmates are
without homes. An urgent appeal Iihs
been made for the assistance of the United
Our people have often, tinder Blmllar con
ditions of distress In other countries, re
scinded generously to such appeals. Amid
our abounding prosperity and In this holi
day season of good will to man, assuredly
we should do our part to aid the unfor
tunate and relieve the distressed among
the people of China, to whom we have
been allied for so many years In friendship
I shall ask congress upon Its next day
of session for authority to use our trans
port vesselw to carry flour and other food
to the famlne-strtoken region.
I recommend that contributions for the
purchase of such food and other appro
priate relief be sent to the Anierlcnn Na
tional Red Cross, which will take care of
Such contributions may be made either
through the local Red Cross treasurers, or
through the Department of State, or may
be sent directly to Mr. Charles Hallam
Keep, Red Cross treasurer, I nlted Mates
Treasury department, Washington, D. C.
(Signed) THEODORE KllUt,hLT.
KENTUCKIAN RUNS AMUCK
Tom Wilson of Rowllna; Green "hoots
Six Men, Two nf Whom
BOWLING GREEN. Ky., Dec. 23 -Of the
six men wounded last night by Tom Wils.):i,
who ran amuck in the business section
of this city. Policeman Pete Bardemaker
Is dying and Homer Still Is In a critical
condition. The other four were not seri
ously hurt. Posses organized after the
shooting are still hunting for Wilson, but
seem to have lost the trail. It is under
stood Wilson exhausted his supply of
ammunition, but secured more and is ex
pected to fight his pursuers if he is sur
rounded. Last evening Wilson appeared In a dry
goods store and began cursing the pro
prietor. Homer BtlU. a clerk, assisted his
employer In an attempt to eject Wilson,
whereupon the Intruder drove a knife
through the clerk's lung. Wilson ran home
and secured an automatic shot gun, with
a supply of cartridges. Returning to the
public square he defied arrest and when
Bnrdemaker appeared Bhot him, Inflicting
a fatal wound. A member or tne crowa
who pursued him emptied the contents of
a revolver at him, but did not strike
W. S. Waunby, a special agent of the
Department of Commerce and Labor, put
his head out of a window and received
several small shot In the face. Hubert
Cherry was shot In both legs and two
other men received slight wounds. Except
Bardemaker and Still norie of the wounded
was seriously hurt.
BRYCE DECLINES PEERAGE
First Plain f'ltlaen of Great Britain
to Represent Ilia Country In
LONDON, Dec. 24. James Bryce. It
would appear, has declined a peerage, but
at any rate, according to the Dally Tele
graph, he will go to the United States as
British ambassador without changing his
name, and thus be the first plain citizen
to represent his country at Washington,
and, saya the Chronicle, "Americans who
know and honor him as James Bryce will
esteem him all the more because he de
clined a title."
The finding of a success for Mr. Bryce
as chief secretary for Ireland is giving
Sir Henry Campbcll-Rannerman consider
able trouble, Judging from the many possi
ble candidates named.
According to the latest gossip Lewis Har
court, first commissioner of public works,
has declined the position.
The comments of the Irish papers of all
shades regarding Mr. Bryce's departure are
rather cool. They generally regard Mr.
Bryce an lacking In necessary sympathy
and having been rather a weak than a
strong Irish secretary.
Hotel at Bay City.
BAY CITY. Mich.. Dec. 23. The Frazer
house, the oldest and largest hotel In the
city, was completely destroyed by fire early
today. The flames were discovered by thu
night clerk, who aroused all the guests
and Inmates. It Is believed that no lives
were lost, although there were several nar
row escapes. John O'Nell, the hotel fire
man, was overcome by smoke and Is prob
ably fatally Injured. Logs, about $'Ji).0n0;
Insurance, partial. G. B. Sanipllner'a cloth
ing store adjoining the hotel was damaged
to the extent of $16,000,
Implement House In Deeorah, In.
DECORAH, la., Dec. 23. An early morn
ing fire dumaged the Marsh building and
the stock of the Reed May Implement com
pany to the extent of $50,W). The fire Is
believed to have been caused by spontane
COZAD, Neb., Dec. 23. (Special Tele
gramsThe funeral of Andrew Hayes, a
prominent business man of this place, waa
held this afternoon. The service was at
tended by a large concourse of people from
the various parts of the county. The de
ceased was born In Ohio In 1S63 and came
to Nebraska In 1SH3. was sheriff of Itawson
county for four yeara, retiring from suld
office three years ago. He died December
21 at his home In Cocad and leaves a wife
ard three children.
Austrian Postal Ntrlke Ends.
VIENNA. lc. 23. The "passive resis
tance" strike of 2&.f employes of the Aus
trian pisttal MTvlce, which was began last
Friday, h suded.
WRECK ON TIIE S00
Eonthbcnr.d Fafarnuer Train Craihea Into
Switch Engine at Enderlin, h. D,
NINE KILLED, THIRTY-SEVEN INJURED
Several Are in Critical Condition and Mora
Dentai Are Expected.
NEARLY ALL DEATHS IN SMOKING CAR
Impact of Collision Drivei Eaeeaee Car
DEBRIS TAKES FIRE FROM STOVES
Reaeue Party Una Hard Klaht
Keep Somber of the Injured
from naming to
ST. TAUL. Dec. 2,1. A special to the
Pioneer Prers from Enderlin. N. D., soya:
Ixiaded to Its full capacity with people
going to their homes In the east to spend
the Christmas holidays, the southbound
train on the Minneapolis, St. Paul & S.iult
Ste. Marin crashed Into a switch engine
In the west end of the railroad yards nt
this place at 2:10 this morning. Eight men
were killed outright and one has died of
Injuries. Thirty-seven were seriously In
jured and It Is likely that the death llpt
will be added to. All of the fatalities oc
curred In the smoking car. which was
completely telescoped by the luiggage car,
and only two of the occupants of this car
escaped Injury. The car was crowded and
as the whistle had Just sounded for Ender
lin, almost everyone was on his feet when
the crash came and the dead and wounded
were piled into a great heap with the
A rescue party soon was formed and the
work of taking out the dead and Injured
was begun at once and continued through
out the night.
The lljtle hospital was soon crowded with
those hurt and the hotels were made Into
emergency hospitals, where tho wounded
were cared for. There were but four phy
sicians In Enderlin, and a special train,
with physicians and nurses, was hastily
made up nt Vnlley City and rushed to
the scene of the wreck.
The wreckage took fire from the over
turned stoves and there was a race be
tween the passengers nnd the flames. By
almost superhuman means the uninjured
were enabled to fight off tho flames until
the Injured were removed, when the cars
were allowed to burn.
Only a few passengers In the day coaches
were wounded, and In the sleepers, none of
which left the track, there were no casu
1. 1st of Victims.
The dead: j
CHARLES BACKUS, Bergen, N. D.
N. J. VoLKERING, Anamoose, N. D.
JOHN SATTKRBURU. Ann moose, N. D.
TONY GI.EKN. V'elva, N. I).
D. J. BERESFORD, Medicine Hat, Al
berta. H. ROSENBAUM. Velva. N. D.
W. J. PAN1BLPHON. Sheldon, N. D.
A. O. ANDERSON, Starbuck, Minn.
NELS HANSEN, enmare, N. D.
It haft so far been Impossible to secure
a list of those Injured In the wreck. Claim
agents and other officials of tho railroad
have taken charge of tho Injured and ab
solutely refuse either to give out a list
of those hurt or to permit newspaper
correspondents to secure the names In
other ways. The newspaper men on the
ground have entered a strong protest
against thlH action on the part of the rail
road officials, but so far It has been with
Train Banning: mt Hlsh "peed.
The train which waa wrecked was tha
southbound accommodation, running be
tween Moose Jul, Canada, and St. Paul,
Minn. It la due here at 11:45 p. m., but
last night was nearly three hours late.
The engineer was running his engine at
a high rate of speed In an endeavor to
make up the lost time, A switch engine
was shifting a cut of box cars in the
western end of the yards and had Just
pushed them on the siding as the accom
modation train suddenly swung In sight
around the curve. The siding was not long
enough to allow the box cars and engines
to clear the main track and a head-on col
lision ensued between the switch engine
and passenger train. Both locomotive
j K practically demolished and the bag-
gage car carried through the smoking car,
completely telescoping it. One of the day
coaches also was derailed, but only a few
passengers in this coach were injured. Th
other day coaches and the sleeping cars
did not leave the track.
It is impossible to learn who was at fault
In the accident. It Is said that the swltcn
engine had been given a portion of the
running time of the passenger In which
to shift cars In the yards, and It is sup
posed that the passenger train had made
more of Its lost time than had been an
ticipated by the crew of the switch en
gine. The coroner this afternoon Impanelled a
Jury and began at once an Investigation
into the cause of the wreck.
The engineer and firemen on both the
switch and passenger engines .-hen they
saw that a collision was inevitable leaped
and saved their lives.
ARRESTS AT TSARSKOE SEL0
Members of Imperial Uoard at Caar's
Palace Are Taken Into
ST. PETERSBURG, Dec. Jl.-The news
papers this morning report that several
arrests have been made among the troops
at Tsarskoe Selo.
A number of the Union of Russian peo
ple have telegraphed the widow of Count
Alexis Ignatleftrr condoling with her on
the death of "The heroic champion of o'r
The assassin of Count Igntleff Is still
unidentified. He admits that he carried
out the orders of the extreme section of
the revolutionists who recently resolved to
take the lives of the highest personages in
Mhah la Making Rapidly.
TEHERAN. Dec. 23.-4 p. m. The shah Is
Collision on Traction I. Inc.
PERI. Irid . Iec. 23 A collision on the
Fort Wayne & WHhat.li Valley traction
line In a dense fog t id.iv resulted In sellout
Inlurles to Arthur Ramsey, Isaac iVet and
K i Conway of Peru. Euos Itrown nn.i
wife of Andrews. Iiui., and A. W. Oren of
Fort Wuue. One ti.r ws completely
Explosion of alnral t,aa.
PITTSIH'lliJ. Dec. .I.-Foiir persona werw
burned, tow fatally, early today us the
result of a natural gas explosion In the
home of John Carvel at V. .ishliigtitn.
near here. The faially 'juriied are Jotin
j Carvel and his aous Flank and John.
J Joseph, a third sun, was rluu.il injured.
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