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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 23, 1906)
The Omaha Sunday Bee
Pages 1 to 10.
Your Money) Worth
THE OMAHA DEE
Best A". West
VOL. XXXVI-XO. 27.
OMAIIA, SUNDAY MOKXIXG, DECEMBER 23, 1HOG-FOUK SECTIOXS-TIITKTY-FOUn PAGES.
SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS.
VATICAN MAY SUBMIT
ImDrtBmoa at Some that Italian TTistnrv
Maj e Repeated in Franca.
MATTER IS GRAVE, BUT NOT IRREIWEDIAL
noitmj uiki juej us Aeacueu IB me
Course of Time.
CLERICS AND ANTI-CLERICS BIT1ER
Bomb at St. Peter! May Have Been
Inspired by Writers.
ITALY SIDESTEPS CONGO SCANDAL
A""T Officers Ordered to Return In
Time to Prevent Them Bring
Affected by Sensational
ROME, Dec 22. (Special. -The Idea Is
being advanced here that the pop will in
the end submit to the power of France In
the. question of the formation of religious
association Just as he has submitted In
practice. If not til theory, to the loss of
temporal power In Italy. It may be many
years before things rename even a "work
able" situation. Just as a conflict has been
going on between the Italian government
and the Vatican for many years, but this
does not prevent most of the people of
Italy from remaining Catholics, and It Is
Hot believed that the dissolution of the
relations existing between the church and
late In Franoo will coBt the Catholic
church a single member of the faith. This I
la not to say that the question Is not a
serious one. It Is everywhere recognized
by the ecclesiastical authorities here that
It Is decidedly serious. But though the
pope Is far more likely to be foroed to
yield, Just as the pope was forced to yield
in the matter of the surrender of the tem
poral lights and temporal authority over
the states of the church, nevertheless the
clericals here believe that the situation
la fraught with more danger to France
than to the pope. Things might roll to
such a shape even that another revolution
could be forced upon Franoe by some po
litical adventurer as the result of the agi
tation now going on, but no person with
any range of vision believes that any com
bination of circumstances can for genera
tions make France anything except a
C'nthollo country. Even though many of
tlie men are at times likely to break away
from the old faith, the women are likely
to remain loyal.
Attacks on Clemeacenu.
Some of the clerical newspapers of Italy
are printing the most violent attaoks
against M. Clcmenceau and. In fact, against
the entire French government. Of M.
Clemenoenu It Ib alleged that he has Tlo
lated the laws of God And man and that
In any civilized country ! would long
ago linve been driven from publlo life. This
will show how bitter the fight haa become
In n personal sense, though, as the old
saying goes, "Hard words break no bones,"
andTt Is difficult to see what church pa
pers In a country Uk Italy hope to gain
by attacks leveled against a foreign coun
try like France where another language Is
Speaking of the attacks made upon the
French government by- the Catholic papers
in Italy, It should not be forgotten that
the antl-clerlcal press of Italy is equally
bitter. This fact haa been recalled by the
recent explosion of the bomb and and the
attempt to blow up St. Peters, the greatest
v, , i K ih. wtM ft n vAnt which lent
a sympathetic thrill throughout Christen
dom; and yet it Is recalled that for years
thB snti-Cathollo press has been doing Its
lvel best to bring about Just such an
event. v The possibility of such an out
rageous wreck being committed In thla
great shrine of Christendom haa been be
fore the minds of the people of Rome for
many years past. A monarchlal Journal
discussing the possibility of a case aris
ing in Europe in which either by force
of arms or by force of diplomacy Italy
should be obliged to remove from Rome
declared that In such a case the Italian
would blow up St. Peter's. The malignant
savagery of the threat was so atartling
that people would not believe it possible
that anything of the sort would occur, yet
in the light of recent events it must be
admitted that the attempt really wk
Threat Against Vatican.
" We will blow up the Vatican and all It
contains at the first threat of war, aa wo
will not leave an enemy behind us when we
fly to the frontier," was the declaration
made in 1S91 by the party of action in
Rome, as reported in the Journal de Oeneve
and quoted In the Monlteur de Rome, at
the beginning of November In that year.
In the November of 1RS2 the Rassegna. a
Journal of the liberal party In Rome, reply
ing to the Monlteur de Rome, on the Ro-
man question published
the Vatican, it Is possinie inai u may
succumb, but It Is still more probable tint
before succumbing It will aemonsn ine
Vatican. Such Is today the true. Inexorable
form of this gr-nt quarrel, and the Monl
teur de Rome would do well to consider It
as we consider It. and It will then s,e that
we are not employing rhetoric when we
shv that it Is playing with fire and dyna
That was the expression of (the liberal
Rassegna of 1SI, then under the direction
of Stgnor Torraca. Nine years later Tor
raca was director of the Oplonlone, the
Journal of the government In Rome. It U
rot probable that the Ideas thus aread
broadcast a quarter of a century ago mny
have blossomed Into action now, and that
the uoknown Individual who kindled the
bomb In St. Peter'a a few Sunday, ago may
have desired to show how easy It would be
to carry out effectively the threat of fhe
Italy Not Smirched In Congo.
Before the end of this year the laat two
of some seventy Italian officer, who took
service In the employment of the Congu
Free State, will have returned to their own
oountry. With their departure from Boma
is closed an episode upon which the Itullun j
government has little reason to look bick j
with satisfaction ; except what can be de-
rived from the honorable course It pursuel I
tn severing a connection which might have
compromised the reputation of tha Italian
rmv In the fuller light, which has re-
cently been thrown upon the conduct and
the admlnUtratlon of the Congo Free State,
one canr.ot but auspect that a deliberate
attempt was made to entrap Italy Into
aivlng support to a system which would
. - . .
sooher or later oe arraigned uarore tne
Judgment cf the civilised world. The at
tempt failed and Italy stands today abso
lutely uncompromlscd in tha melancholy
uile of mUgovernment which haa been ro
Vealed. The inducements held out to Italy to play
a part in the "ulvlllzatlon of the Congo"
CviiUiiUed cn ifcooud PsgaJ
HISTORY MAY BE ENRICHED
Death of Leonle I, eon Mar Reaalt In
Publication of Gambetta
TAniS, Dec. 23. (Special.) A tiny pro
cession has Just followed to their last
resting place the mortal remains of a
woman who rrobbly knew more about the
secret political history of Europe during
the time between the Franco-Prussian war
and the end of 182 than any other woman
not born to the purple.
H'T name hud suddenly become known
to the public at the latter of the two dates
mentioned, and suddenly It became en
veloped In silence, never again to be re
called until the present day. Madame
Leonle Leon was the heroine of the ro
mance, of which Gambetta was the other
party. They had become acquainted In
INTO and her rare beauty and exceptional
gifts of Intellect had created such an Im
pression on the heart and mind of the
Oreat Tribune that ahe had been his only
"amie" to the last. By a sad fatality he
was on the very eve of "regularizing their
situation," as the fashionable phrnse has It,
when the accident occurred, which, by
laying him up, produced the appendicitis
of which he died.
Very few of Clambetta's devoted frlend3
hnd been In the secret of the liason, and
when he expired without leaving a will
they united to save the woman who had
been so faithful to him from distress, and
so a modest competence enabled her to
spend part of each ytar In Paris: the other
portion In the south. She was the daugh
ter of an officer who hud been attached
to the person of the Iuc d'Orleans, the
eldest son of Louis Phllllrpe, who was
killed by a carriage accident at Neullly.
Leonle, the younger and the prettier of the
artillery colonel's two daughters, had been
filled with admiration of the part played
by Gambetta during the war, and when
he met her and was struck with her
beauty and accomplishments she was not
slow In responding to his advances. Dur
ing the latter years of his life they met
every day, but In spite of their frequent
interviews Gambetta constantly wrote to
her, giving full accounts of the situation
and asking her advice. M. Joseph Reinach,
who was one of his fervent disciples, has
Just expressed the hope that the corre
spondence will be published. "When this
correspondence Is known," he adds, "we
shall possess a first-class document on the
history of France from 1871 to 1882."
ARTIFICIAL SILK SUCCEEDS
American In London Says Treated
Cotton' Fibres Beat Product
LONDON, Dec. 22. (Special.) According
to an American now In London the silk
worm haa been beaten at his own bus!
ness, for by a new Invention it Is claimed
that artificial silk can be made cheaper
Artificial silk so soft and glossy that
It -will deceive even experts when woven
haa for some time past been made from
viscose, which Is obtained from cotton and
certain kinds of wood pulp. It has now
been found possible, it la claimed, by
special process to get cellulose (an earlier
stage of the sum substance) from the
ootton seeds' husks, formerly thrown away
or given to the cattle for food.
The new process has been patented and
Mr. itrong of the Cotton OH and Fibre
company of Norfolk, Va,, who Is now In
London, told a reporter of the possibilities
of the discovery:
"Commercially this new method of get
ting cellulose Is of the utmost importance,'
he said. "Cellulose Is the foundation not
only of artificial silk, but of gun cotton
smokeless powder, celluloid and vulcan
lzed fibre, so is haa been of the greatest
moment to discover the cheapest and the
best way of obtaining It.
"For twenty yeara experiments have been
In progress and at last it has been pos
slble to separate the cotton seed mechan
lcally from the fuza' or the outer husk.
Thla part was formerly so much waste
and was thrown away.
"Now by our process the substance is
placed in a conical shaped , receptacle and
under pressure is foroed through a mulU
tude of holes into a preparation of chem
teals. The halr-Uke threads are thus
formed and are wound like silk on glass
"The resulting artificial silk threads are
stronger than hairs and have the appear
ance and property of real silk."
Bar of Bengal Will Be Covered
by System la Short
CALCUTTA, Dec. 22. (Special.) The tel
egraph ataCf at Port Blair, who work the
wireless apparatus there, have evidently
become extremely expert. Messages have
been exchanged with the German cruiser
Leipslg on its passage from Rangoon to
mtn- U of the Tef unkeT kU,d,
the signaller, at the Andaman, had
Calcutta, although the installation on Ger
i to tune jneir instruments in oroer to pic
up the first of the messages. On another
occasion, when the Trrible was lying a
Colombo, having lost a propeller on It
homeward voyags, it wished to get In touch
with the Fox, which was known to be
somewhere In the neighborhood of the
Ntcobara. The distance across the ara was
too far for Instruments on the two vessels
and a message was accordingly sent by
land wires through India to Rangoon.
Thence it was signalled by wireless to Port
Blair, and similarly passed on to the
Nicobar region. The Fox received It and
, (,nce steamed off to Colombo to Join
uie Terrible. It Is Intended to establish a
.tatlon at Akyab, powerful enough to work
direct to the Andaman, and this, with the
stations at Saugor Island, Slipper island
, and Port Blair, will give means of com-
I munlcs.tlng with ships over the greater por-
Uon of the Bay of Bengal area.
! ROTHSCHILDS AFTER STANDARD
j European Capitalists Said to Be Fur.
nlshlng Money to Fight OH
Coin pa ay.
ODESSA. Dec. 22. (Speclal -A powerful
"yndlcate. backed by the Deus(h bank
, na Menuei.sorm . .o.. me great nnsn-
cirTm- la leln 'ormed to fight the Standard
" cornpa" and to czclude Its products
: fr"m ,na Kuropeen marketa Membera of
: the I"""0" n1 th English Rothschild
' houses, aa well as Messrs. H.ibel, are ild
'. b Interested In the scheme.
I . 4.4 U u I m--ll- nr r I. I
' ."-" - r".ni in
ine nems aajoining ine nasu nisincl and
the output of the petroleuirt' district la
being constantly Increased In order to ef
fectually displace the Standard OH com
pany. One account has It that tha Stand
ard company has had a number of men In
thla district recently to buy up a number
ot on wens, out up to the present time
tlioy Lave uttarly failed In their flurta.
BOERS' HOPES IIIGll
Dutch Colonists Hope to Hold Ealanoe of
Power in Eontb Africa,
THREE COLONIES AFFEC. j." PROGRAM
Cape, Orange Ft V . Transvaal to
T VN jine.
MAY Wi, . .o POINTS LOST IN WAR
Eet Volk Lnie and hand Work Together
ORIENTAL IMMIGRANTS A PROBLEM
Itarahneas of Law In South Africa
Causes Protest to Government
Part of Chinese
JOHANNESBURG, Dei- 22.-(Speclal.)
At last the political campaign in the Trans-
aal may be said to have opened. The pre
liminary maneuvering has taken an un
conscionable time, but the forces are now
fairly In position. True the army of Het
oik has not reached the ground, but the
ympathles of Its leaders are so well known
that no one doubts upon which side its
forces will be ranged up.
In the meantime the Boer generals ob
serve a discreet silence regaining tneir
plans. There Is reason to believe that no
orders will be Issued until practically on
the eve of the light. But drilling is quietly
and vigorously going on. The Boer electors
will march to the political battlefield ready
to the last shoulder strap. The ideal which
animates them Is unmistakable. The power
lost In war Is to be gained in politics. By
keeping the British divided and maintaln-
ng a machlne-Uke unity in their own ranks
the Dutch leaders figure they can hold the
balance of power in their hands once again.
The contest Is something more than a
struggle over an Industry. Getting down
to bedrock It must to a large extent decide
the place South Africa will take In the
empire. Probably the bund will win the
next election at the Cape, certainly the
Unle will dominate the Orange River col
ony; the odds are that Het Volk will hold
the balance of power north of the Vaal.
Thus right through the center of South
Africa will be driven a wedge of Dutch
governments, Dutch institutions, Dutch
Trouble with Orientals.
The Transvaal, like the United States,
continues to have no end of trouble over
the orientals. The last Asiatic ordinance of
the Transvaal legislature, passed in Sep
tember and now awaiting Imperial sanc
tion, has carried racial distinctions to a
degree which has caused the Indian and the
Chinese and the Japanese residents to pro
test. The Indian association of the Transvaal
has had a deputation In London for some
weeks urging that the new ordinance
should be vetoed and a royal commission
issued to examine the ..-treatment of col
ored people In British South Africa, Thla
deputation has seen the colonial secretary,
Lord Elgin, and the secretary of state for
India, Mr. Morley. The latter ha. spoken
of the injustice and the harshness of South
African policy toward. British Indians; of
the "bar sinister," that Is placed in some
British colonies upon many millions of the
king's subjects; and in some Instances, Mr.
Morley add. for the liberal government.
we can more effectively remonstrate Vlth
foreign power, than with our own people
In the colonies."
The Chinese association of British South
Africa has even gone to the extent or
sending one of its own number, Mr. L. M.
James, a Chinese trader of Johannesburg,
to London for the purpose of enlightening
the British public concerning the Injustice
and humiliation inflicted by these racial or-
dlnances. Interviewed Just before his de
parture Mr. James said that his association
was in reality not concerned with the sub
ject of Chinese labor on the Rand. He said
that he represented Chinese merchants and
traders resident In the country who in the
Transvaal number about 1,000, and 4.0U0
throughout British South Africa. He said
what they objected to was the degrading
laws preventing them from riding In tram
cars, and other simitar measures.
Large Industrial Plan.
One of the most Interesting undertakings
of modern times Is the harnessing of the
Victoria Fall, to supply electric power to
the Rand and to the innumerable devel-
opments of Industrial life in the Transvaal
and Rhodesia. It la easily the largest single
project of this character In the world. The
history of the enterprise is very simple.
Each nationality haa realized the need of
South Africa for a cheap and abundant sup
ply of power. Previously attention In
Oermany waa only directed to a scheme for
a coal power station on the Rand. Experts
were early this year In Johannesburg ar
ranging contracts on behalf of the proposed
Victoria Falls Power company and thither
simultaneously came also two engineers of
the German Allgemelne Electrlcltata com
pany to Investigate the possibility of the
establishment of a large steam driven sta
tion for the supply of the mines. The idea
of utilizing the Victorian FalU was then
quite new to the German group. When.
however, they reaHzed the probable require
ments of the country It waa at once ap
parent that ultimately the water power
must be the only satisfactory mode of sup
ply. The Idea of using Zambesi water
power, nature's own reservoir of power,
was then quickly taken up. Its scientific
possibilities hsd even been previously ex
amined by loading experts, such aa Mr.
! Ralph D. Mer.hon of New York, Prof.
Blonde! of Parla, Dr. Tlssot of Bale and
Signori Baldlnl and Seoul of Milan, besides
I the chief British engineers. All agreed
I that the project wi.s technically and coin-
merclally feasible and this Induced the Ger-
man financial grovip. In which the Dresdener
leading part, to "come in."
Race Suicide Ha Crime of
Natives of the Emerald
DUBLIN. Dec. 22.-(Speclal.) Notwlth-
standing the exceptionally heavy emlgra-
tlon thla year, an increase would appear
to have taken place In the population of
Ireland during tha September quarter. The
excess of births ovfr deaths was S.CbS and
... , . . . ....
iue siiugrama uuiuucrru so mat tha
liiL.eaae a as about 1.2u0.
It la a small balance to build hope, upon,
but some there aru who argue that la Is
a sign that the bottom has been reached
In the depletion of Ireland's population, and
that a time Is near at hand when the
figures will show an Increase in the popu-
i Ution not onl- 'or a single quarter, bu
for aa entire
IRISH FOR NATIVE TOBACCO
Repeal of I .aw Prohibiting (Ironth of
Weed Demanded by Members
Dt'BLIN, Dec. (Special.) Every mem
ber of Parliament for Ireland, of every
shade of politic Is demanding the repeal
of the law prohibiting tobacco growing In
Ireland. The names of ninety-nine Irish
members are attached to the memorial
which Mr. William Redmond has presented
to the prime minister on the subject. Four
nationalist members have not appended
their names because of absence from the
country, but there is not the faintest doubt
that they, too, are atrongly in favor of the
prayer of the memorial. Never before has
there even been such unanimity among the
Irish members, and in this respect, too,
optimists are arguing that a new day la
dawning for Ireland when all of the mem
bers can act as a unit upon fiscal and In
dustrial questions. Owing to the personal
bitterness and differences of opinion grow
ing out of home rule problems, a quarter
of a century ago, this would have been
Mr. Wlili im Redmond haa summarized the
situation so far as the tobacco growing Is
concerned. He claims that the Irish are
merely asking for a privilege which was
theirs until deprived by a statute as late
as the reign of George lit. The growing
of tobucco at that time was a prosperous
and progressive industry In Ireland. Suc
cess had been achieved; further develop-
ment was assured. But a demand arose !
In England for Its suppression, and It was I
suppressed without the slightest considera
tion of the Injury inflicted on Ireland. The
prohibition was preceded by the usual com
mittee of Inquiry, but this did not help
In the economic disasters which followed.
Indeed, Irish economists have plainly
pointed out that It was owing to the taking
away of a diversification of interests that
the country suffered so severely later be
cause of the blight of the potato famine.
Had there been a diversification of Indus
tries, though the blight might have de
stroyed the potato crop and though Ireland
might have suffered severely had there
been other things like tobacco growing to
fall back upon, the destitution would not
have beon so terrible.
RUSSIAN PRISONER IS LUCKY
Twenty-Four Times "the Demon" Has
Escaped from Officers of
ODESSA. Deo. 22. (Special.) Vassllll Kol
oloff. commonly known throughout South
Russia as "the demon," has Just made his
twenty-fourth escape from the clutches of
According to a statement made by the
procurator of the district court there Is a
record of over fifty murders and three tlme
that number of robberies against Kololoff.
Eighteen years ago he was aentenced to
twelve years hard labor In Blberla for a
double murder committed In Poltava,
Within a year he had escaped and returned
to his haunts In southern Russia. His name
became a terror In various districts and
the record of his crimes Is too long and
ghastly to recapitulate. He has never been
brought to trial a second time for the rea
son that after twenty-four captures he has
regularly succeeded In making his escape
before even being brought before an exam
A fortnight ago Kololoff was captured In
Kursk on the charge of a peculiarly cold
blooded murder committed In the town. As
the more numerous and graver charges
.. n I .... . . V. . .il 1 1 nillr.l i.ror U' IT. In 1 Vl
..,. i -..,
court of Odessa, it was only necessary that
official should Instruct the pollremaster
at Kursk to send Kololoff forthwith there.
As his arrival was not reported to Kursk
the pollcemaster there Informed the author
ities In Odessa of the fact. It then trans-
i pired that the Odessa crown attorney had
Bent no telegram to the polleemaster of
t Kursk. The message had been forged by
I an accomplice or friend of Kololoff. The
i prisoner had been duly despatched from
Kursk for Odessa and for the twenty
fourth time had effected his escape.
SINGER COMMITS SUICIDE
Refuses Check from Woman Who
Deceived Him and Returned
BERLIN, Dee. 22. (Special.) Johann
Muehlhausen, it is now known, committed
suicide because an American woman to
whom he was deeply attached left him to
t rturn to New York- Meuhlhausen made
t t-.lai ilaknl at- Iln mhn rtr a tYirtnth ntrn anil
met with great success as a singer. After
his performance he was introduced to a
young woman, Miss Nowth of New Yprk.
He fell In love with her and she appeared
to return his affection. '
Finally he received a letter from her, in
which she stated that she was a Mrs. Car
son, the wife of a New York broker and
the mother of two children, to whom she
was on the point of returning. To help
him in his career she explained she had
enclosed a check for 15,000.
Muehlhausen at once returned the check
to the bank and then blew his brains out.
SCANDAL IN COPENHAGEN
Police Inspector Involved In Trouble
Which Cornea to Well Known
COPENHAGEN, Dec. 22. (Special.) The
papers are full of reports about the dis
covery by the police that young girls
In most cases children have been lured
Into a well known club situated at Mana
gado. Sensational disclosure, are expected,
and fifty persons have already been ar
rested or ordered to hold themselves at the
disposition of the police.
Among those arrested Is Inspector Carl
Hansen, a police oftUier, well known
throughout Scandinavia, and author of
aeveral technical works. Inspector Han
sen was arrested In broad daylight in a
public thoroughfare. Several well known
actors and a member of the aristocracy
have already been called up a. witnesses,
and among those arrested are numerous
BURGLARS START THE BELLS
Eleetrle Experiment of Minister
Proves ladoing of Robbers
of Poor Box.
MILAN. Dec. 22-(Ppeclal.)-The Incum
bent of a church In the village of St. Vin
cent, in the Aosta valley, who, as well a.
being a theologian. Is also an enthulastto
electrician, Joined up the alms boxes in
his church by cunningly concealed wires to
an electric alarm In his house.
The other evening burglars entered the
church and attempted to .ifle the alma
txes. j ne dcii swokh the clergyman-
who manage,!-' - ut the burglar, la the
. . .. ,
Iiginemen on Southern Faoifio Will Qo
Ont This Afternoon.
THREE THOUSAND MEN ARE AFFECTED
Fart of the Engineers Will Alsi Suspend
OBJECTION TO CONTRACT WITH ENGINEERS
Firemen Wish to Control Members Whe
Have Been Promoted.
NEW YORK YARDMEN WILL NOT GO OUT
Agreement Reached Whereby Differ
ence of One Cent Per Hour Is to
Be Sabmltted to Arbi
tration. PEORIA, 111.. Dec. 22. Grand Master
John Hanrahan of the Brotherhood of Lo
comotive Firemen and Engineers tonight
Issued an ultimatum to E. H. Harrlman,
president and chairman of the executive
committee of the Southern Pacific railroad,
notifying him that the engineers and fire
men of the road will strike at 4 o'clock on
Sunday afternoon. In his ultimatum Mr.
Hanrahnn says: "Eighty-five per cent of
the switch engineers on the Sunset Route
are members of this organization and a
considerable number of engineers In the
road service are also members, and they,
with practically every locomotive fireman
In the service, are determined that your
company shall not force them to withdraw
from this organization and Join the Brother
hood of Locomotive Engineers In order to
have their grievances adjusted. Every of
flelal of the company Is thoroughly fa-
miliar with all the details of this matter
and it may be that there Is some ulterior
purpose on their part in bringing about
From information received at the grand
lodge offices of the brotherhood here It
was said that nearly 3.000 men will be af
fected by the order to strike, which was
Issued after the system had been polled
and the Southern Pacific officials had re
fused to accept the offer of the brother
hood to submit differences to arbitration.
Situation on Atlantic System.
HOUSTON. Tex., Dec. 22.-At midnight
tomorrow the members of the Brotherhood
of Locomotive Firemen will withdraw from
the GalveBton, Harrlsburg & San Antonio,
the Texas & New Orleans and Morgan's
Louisiana & Texas, the Iberia & Vermilion
and the Louisiana estern roads, com
prising the Atlantic system of the Southern
Pacific company. This action Is a result
of a vote Just completed. The differences
arose last May, when the Brotherhood of
Locomotive Engineers secured from the
management of the roads an agreement
that the grievances of all engineers should
be handled by that organization. The
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen con
tended that many of Its members were en
gineers and did not belong to the engi
neers' organization, the latter could not
properly present their grievances, but that
the firemen should handle all matters per
taining to the membership, whether In ref
erence to firemen or engineers. The man
agement declined to abrogate Its agree
ment with the engineers, contending that
the differences between the engineers and
firemen should be settled by them. About
400 men will be affected by the order.
Timothy Shea, second vice grand master
of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Flre-
men. Is In the city In charge of the In
terests of the firemen. Ho has given out
no statement since the decision has been
Yardmen Will Not Strike.
NEW YORK, Dec. 2?. It was announced
late tonight that the New York yardmen
and railway officials hsd airreed to submit
the difference of 1 cent between the offer
of the railroads and the demand of the
men to arbitration. Meantime the rela
tions between the railroads and employes
will continue as before.
There will be no holiday strike of railroad
yardmen In this city. This much was made
known tonight after a conference between
railroad officials and representatives of the
employes, who recently demanded an In
crease of S cents an hour in wages, coupling
with the demand a threat to stop work
under the old schedule today.
The roads had offered an Increase of
4 cents an hour and the Pennsylvania road
further agreed to make any additional ad
vance to which the other roads would
sree. 1 his was not sat.siactory to ine
yaramen. wno issueti mi umiiiaiuiu w
roads, stating that unless the Increase of
5 cent, was conceded the men would strike
This was the situation when Grand
Master P. If. Morrlssey of the Brotherhood
of Railway Trainmen went Into conference
with the general managers of the eight
roads Involved and the grievance commit
tees of the several yard crews. The confer
ence continued until late tonight, even
after an agreement had been announced.
Thla Joint statement was given out:
Negotiations between the New York
harbor yardmen and the manager, resulted
tn a satisfactory adjustment of matters
under discussion and the best of good feel
ing prevails, the men and the officers wish
ing each other upon adjournment a merry
Christmas and a happy new year.
Goldgeld Leases Idle.
OOLDF1ELD, Nevada, Dec. 22. There
were no further developments in the
miners' strike for IS wages, with the excep
tion that nearly all the lease., apparently
by mutual agreement, .topped work this
morning. This brings about practically a
complete cessation of mining operation..
The famou. Hayes-Monette, Frances, Mo
hawk and several other leases on the
Mohawk ground are working night and
day. They have only aeventeen day. to
operate and a .hut down would mean a
heavy loss. They are paying the 16 wages
to their ahovelers and an other employes.
ROUGH RIDER DECLINES OFFICE
Captain Jack Greenway Will Not
Serve as Commissioner of Gen
eral Land Office.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 22 Captain John
C. (Jack) Greenway. who waa in President
Roosevtlt'a regiment of Rough Riders, haa
declined the position of commissioner of
the general land office, soon to be vacated
by Commissioner Richards.
Mr. Greenway was offered the position
soma time ago by the president, but be
cause of private Interests requiring his
presence in the northwest waa unable to
Foirmer Senator Caflrry III.
NEW ORLEANS. Dec. 22. The condition
of f irmer UnlUd States Senator Iinnelnon
C'affery, who is suffering from acute kidney
trouble, was piaetlealiy umhrfiigt-d early
i0" .? n? P''slclans hold out only faint
I aoH9 UlSl HIV eM UIV Will aiMe Ul
THE BEE BULLETIN.
Fnrccant for Nebraska Fair Sunday
NEW JFrTKIf-TfB Pages.
1 Vatican Mny lelil the Point.
Boers' Hopes lllah for the Kntnre.
Southern PncHIc Firemen tn Strike
Outlook for Omaha Is Brlaht.
!1 Forefathers' Day llnnqnrt.
Lane Talks of the Car Shnrtnae.
3 News from All Parts of Nebraska.
4 Early Shopping: Proves a Success.
Affairs at South Omaha.
Civil Suit Over Fences Neat.
8 County to Purchase Rlnndhonnde.
6 American Cash for French Clergy.
Fall of Mine Case Is Fatal.
Washington Is Short on Fuel.
T Postage Stnmn for Christmas.
American Cash Sent to Old World.
8 Happenings In Cornell Bluffs.
9 Newe from Iowa's Capital.
Count lanatleff Shot and Killed.
Sporting Ktrnta of the Day.
lO Feast Spread for the Newsboy.
Mrs. Andrews Defends I'nl versallsm
EDITORIL SF.CTIOS Ten Pases.
2 Past Week In Omaha Society.
Pershing Story Stirs Ip the Army.
H Happenings In Omaha Suburbs.
rw from the Army Posts.
B Timely Real Estate Topics.
Paving Bids All Over Aaaln.
Santa Clans Helps Out Railroads.
O Want Ada.
T Want Ads.
8 Want Ads.
Auto Show at Madison Square.
0 Financial and Commercial News.
HALF-TOMS SECTION Ten Pages.
1 (iforitf L. Miller, Father of Omaha.
2 Woman Her Ways and Her World.
3 Gossip of Plays and Players.
4 Bright Pawn of Xmas Morning.
Carpenter on Sherman Biography.
B Toys of the Olden Times and Now.
Iowa Farmers In State Convention.
6 Story of the Conscience Fnnd.
7 Weekly Grist of Sporting Gossip.
O Keeping Christinas All the Year.
. In the Field of Electricity.
Some Short and Pointed Stories.
COLOR SECTION 'Four Pnges.
1 Wolf Starts Trouble and la Ducked.
2 Bracelets for All Agra of Women
Portieres nnd How to Make Them.
8 I nrle Sam's Fence In Wall Street
4 Brainy Bowers' Dream Comes True
Temperature at Omaha Yesterday!
. . 1
. . 22
. . 21
. . 21
. . 2.1
. . 21
. . 24
1 p. m.
2 p. m.
3 p. m .
4 p. m .
R p. m.
8 p. m .
T p. in.
. . 24
. . 24
. . 2(1
. . 24
. . 2:i
MAGOON SIGNS TWO DECREES
Commercial Cable Company Given
Permit to Land Cables from
HAVANA. Dec. 22. Governor Magoon haa
signed a decree operative January 10 per
mitting the Commercial Cable company to
land cables from Key West. This permis
sion Is given for an Indefinite period, hut It
la not to be construed as granting a
monopoly. The Cuban government reserves
the right to suspend the permission or take
possession of the Installation whenever It
may deem such action necessary.
Another decree exempting tho salaries of
all public officials from attachment also has
Governor Magoon waa notified today by the
Cuban railway of a serious strike In Its
shops at Camagucy, the company request
ing military protection. The governor has
referred the matter to General Rodriguez,
the commander of the rural guard.
General Efetenoz, an Influential colored
leader, has Issued a manifesto In which he
declares that negroes constituted 90 per
cent of the Insurgent army In the last re
volt and that T3 per cent of the revolution
ists were negroes. The negro voters now
demand, according to the manifesto, three
senators, forty representatives, one pro-
vislonal governor and proportionate rep
resentation In all the government depart
ments. Including the armed forces. The
negroes refuse longer to act the part of
calspaws and insist upon a full proportion
of the honors and offices won by their
valor, else they will not continue to sup
port the liberals.
WESTERN MATTERS AT CAPITAL
Civil Service Examination to Be Held
Next Month In Omaha Rural
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
WASHINGTON, Dec. 22.-(Speclal Tele
gram.) Civil service examination will bo
held January lti at Omaha for clerk and
carrier In the postofiice service.
Rural carriers appointed: Iowa Center
Junction, route No. 1; Norman R. Espy,
carrier; Eva Espy aubstltuto. Eathervllle,
route No. 2; Elijah Rice, carrier; Irvln
Rice, aubstltute. Missouri Valley, route No.
2; James Hall, carrier; Martha A. Hall,
substitute. Modale, route No. 1; Frank
Becker, carrier; Lewis E. Boyd, substitute.
Ruthven, route No. 2; James R. Phoenix,
carrier; R. C. Hubbard, substitute. Traur,
route No. 4; Grant Scott, carrier; Bert
Axon, substitute. South Dakota Alexan
dria, route No. S; Ed Dickinson, carrier;
Samuel 11 Stehbens, substitute. Colman,
route No. 1; Oscar Swenson, carrier;
Charles Swenson, substitute.
Robert W. Johnson has been appointed
. gouth yce F A nBifn
PUBLIC CONTRACTOR FINED
Man Pnnlshed for Violating Eight
Hoar law Will Appeal to the
BOSTON. Deo. R.-In the United State
circuit court today Judge Dodge fined Wil
liam H. Ellis, a contractor, 1600 for vio
lating the federal eight-hour law In the
construction of a pier at the Charlestown
navy yard. The case will now go to the
supreme court, chiefly on a constitutional
quefction, the defense contending that con
gress has no authority to regulate the
hours of labor on public works.
CHRISTMAS PRESENTS BURN
Car Load of Mall on "Katy" Road
Destroyed In Indian
MPSKOGKE, I. T.. IVc, 22.-A carload of
mall mattf. from Texas points and consist
ing principally of Christmas packages whs
destroyed south of here late yesterday by
the burning of a mall car on a faat north
bound Missouri, Kansas at Texaa passen
OUTLOOK FOR OMAIIA
Coming; Year From Ism to Fzoeed All in
City's Material Growth.
BUSINESS IN SIGHT BEATS THE RECORD
Fankert and Jobbers, gfannfaotnrtr. and
Retailers Are Confident
MARKET TOWN SLOGAN IS A WINNER
Trade that lelonci to Gate City ia Coming
Here at Last. 1
AGENCIES WORKING fOR ADVANCEMENT
Commercial and Industrial Interesta
Active and Kver body Pulling
fur tne lyuuhuiug lf
tu Gale lil.
Great as Omaha's growth and commer
cial pi oi en has Uu in u-vj, it wld in ai
piooauinly bo txieneu In iwi.
Ouriiig liiu last year business has beer,
moving aiuii hi duuIi a iaiiU laio me peo
ple liavu iiul had time lo lup and con
eiutr it; invy Have nwtau money every
uay, but liavo not pausea to get a lull
realization ul Hie general prosperity auil
ueveiopmeiit about Intnl. .ow mat busi
ness nas siaciteu up lur the majority just
a lew uuys bvluie dirlKiiuus, tney have a
lew liouis lo sit down and lliniK ovlT the
lust twelve months euu and to Uiquue
wnai men in lnua uuisiuo tneir own have
'iiiey lmu that whatever branch of oom
iiieivu or Industry they investigate, there
lias bteu Uie must unparalleled progress lu
Omaha s history. Ulie pulse ol trade haa
been beating High, laborers have had ail
the work tiny could do, b.outes and ware
houses have been erected, and Omaha la
moving along toward a tiu.uuu population
al a gialliyuig late.
Due to Western Development.
To place tlio credit where it belongs,
these condition, uie duu to the prosperity
and developing wtallli of Neuraaaa, tue
u.acK inns, Wyoming and all tne vast tat
ruory lo too wtsi, .nucu is tributary to
Omaiia in a uomineiciu.1 way. This coun
try sends lo the Uulu City lis wheat,
corn, potatoes, allaila, cattle, hogs and
truit, making this town one of the market
citits of li. e wuiid; in return It take.
groceries, dry gooda, hardware and other
inerciiaiiUlBe the Jobbers have to sell, aa
well as the products of the local manuiao
tollcs. Great lilies of railroad reach out
from Omaha through tola country, and
there Is so much tor them to haul that
tney cannot find the cars to do It,
This country haa developed romarkably
tn a few years. Crops have been large
and the farmers have been getting good
prices for them. They have plenty ot
money ai,d they keep It In circulation.
They have bloix.lt d block and the hst of
Implements; in fact, they are equipped
with every facility for getting the best
results from every aero of land they hold.
Out In western Nebraska they are rais
ing grain and vcuctiiblcs where nothing
was! grown before. The rainfall Is ex
tending westward with each succeeding
year and the Campbell system of soil oavV.
ture hus come Into general use. The semi
arid regions are becoming gardens, where
once they were deserts. Irrigation In Ne
braska. Wyoming, Colorado and South Da
kota is redeeming thousands of acres of
land to cultivation. Along the North Platte
In Nebraska and the Belle Fourcho river
in South Dakota the government Is digging
huge canals to water land which will make
homes for thousands of families. Private
enterprlso is also working on Irrigation
projects in these sections.
The railroads are growing with every
thing else. Up the North Platte valley I.
a n'-w line, one from Ashland to Sioux
City, one from Stromsburg to Columbus,
one from Krannle to Worlund In Wyoming,
and there are others yet to come. They
are Increasing the population of the stalo
by taking people In sparsely settled dlB-
Rankera nnd Jobbers Know It.
So Omaha benefits. Local bank clear
ances have been greater than ever before
and bank deposits were never so large In
the history of the country. This Is. per
haps, the beBt Index of a city's business.
Some Idea of conditions In the Jobbing
world Is obtained from a remark made by
one of the leading Jobbers a few day. ago,
H? said: "There never was a December
when we had so many spring orders on
the books. I have talked with Jobbers In
all lines and find it the same in every
It Is a very evident fact that the re
tailers In the territory have a friendly
feeling for Omaha as their natural trade
center. They have learned to know the
slogan of "Omaha, the Market Town," and
are always ready to welcome heartily the
Omaha Jobbers who visit them. The
Omaha Commercial club, by Its trade ex
cursions, haa covered the whole of Ne
braska in the last two years, and has also
gone through the Black Hills and part of
Kansas. These visits are conducive to the
I success of the merchants' meetings at
Omaha, for the retailers are inclined to re
turn the compliment by a VI Hit to the Mar
ket Town. Successful meetings were held
in the fall and the volume of trade done
by the Jobbers was INm.OnO greater than
during the spring meetings, which them
selves were more than satisfactory. For
a time It was thought these meeting,
would have to be discontinued, on account
of the Interpretation by the railroads of a
ruling of the Interstate Commerce com
mission, but all this has been arranged to
the satisfaction of the Jobbers.
New Plants Show Growth,
One large dry goods house has been
erected In the last year and another will
be completed early In the summer of 1907,
A mammoth Implement warehouse ha.
been erected, two large ones have been
announced, and plans have been made for
additions to two. One large grocery house
wants to build, but on account of lack of
surplus warehouse room cannot find a way
to put up a new home this year.
The retail business has grown rapidly
and three districts are fighting for the
mastery. In the South Sixteenth street
dlMrlct two large houses have been com
pleted this year and north of Farnam the
giant llrandels building Is climbing up In
the air. North Sixteenth street Is ex
lierlenting a rejuvenation. Herman Colin
will erect a large, building there aa soon
as spring opens and Judge Neville pro
poses another. The section around Twen
tieth and Farnam Is also coming to the
front In a retail way.
But, then, building Is going on In every
direction. The Northwestern has made a
huge excavation for fre.t depots north
of Davenport street and between Thir
teenth and Fourteenth, and the Union I'a
clOo baa bought a greater lirt of a block
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