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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 14, 1906)
CUE OMAHA PATTiY BEE: FRIDAY, DECEMBER 14, 1906.
Tiie Omaiia Daily Dee.
FOUNDED -BY EDWARD ROBE WATER.
VICTOR KOBEWATER, EDITOR.
'STATES ntnilTS Olt 'TRIAL.
Elihu Hoot's address before the
Pennsylvania society reduces to the
I certainty of mathematical demonstra
tion the dilemma which the progress
of events has brought about, namely,
Entered at Omaha postofflce aa second- ik ..,,,, mi. of nmvl.u nH.
n hu matter.
equate control or business activities
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. or the national eovernment will secura
Daly (without Bumlayl, one year.. i" . . ,. ,,..-
Iiiy jjee and Sunday, one year 6 no It. That the abuses and wrongs re-
Sunday ne, one year sultant from absence of control by
raiuraay hit, one yer , ,
liEUVEKF.D BY CARRIER. UD!ic aumoruy couia ue leu penua-
Paiiy Bee on.-luding Sunday, per week. .if ncntly unremedied Is Indeed absurd.
jmuy lice iwimoiit ovinnnyl, per wee...iw
Evening Hce without Holiday , per week. 60
Evening Ilee (with Sunday), per week l')c
Address complaint of lrregulurlties In de
livery to City Circulating Department.
Omaha The Bee build lug.
South Omaha City Hall building.
Council Bluffs 10 Pearl street.
Chicago lino t'nlty building
Implying conclusive failure of our form
How far we have been carried from
the circumstances which the framers
of the national constitution had In
mind la notably certified by the disap-
K?w,., .'"'I 'J.'""" U!l bull(lln'- pearance of the state sovereignty.doc-
Washlngton 6ol Fourteenth street. I
trine as a popular tenet, especially
within the last two or three decades.
Originally It had substantial signifi
cance as a protest against national In
terference with business affairs which.
Communications relating to new and edi
torial matter should be addressed: Omaha
Bee, Editorial Department.
Remit by draft,' express or postal order,
payable to The Bee Publishing Company.
Only -cent atampa received as payment of under the conditions then existing,
m 11 1 1 rf m inti IraiiiiDl httlfst Aint fin I
Omaha or eastern exchanges, not accepted, could be sufficiently or better Con-
THE BEE pcblishino COMPANY. trolled by the states. But so immense
1 . L - .1 1 .1
STATEMENT l)V CIRCULATION I naB """l tne ciiuuge iu inuunu mi ttuu
State crt Nebraska, Douglas County, nm: commercial life, especially under the
V Hani's ntiHHWriini, Knrimi iimiinait i
of The Bee Publishing company. Ielng duly lorms 01 incorporation w nose opera-
sworn, sayi that the actual number or run tlona, though authorized by separate
and complete copies of The Dally, Morning-, I
Evening and Sunday Bee printed during the state charter, extend through many or
wontft of November, 1W8. was aa follows: ... , . ... ,. . na ntr,nil-lv
1 31,180 " , ,
si, a so transcended state power oi regulation,
ll 80,600 1 ho far at least as Its actual exertion
It ....... . 31,KU . , a
I ma var la pnniupnon
SO 31.770 "
XI 31,40a It by no means follows that the po
t2 3i,io tency of the people for self-protection
J 3V680 hrou8h local government has been
21 ! 80,4o exhausted. In fact, they have thus
2 81,400 vast latent powers which, because of
J7.. 31,850 .... , ,
31480 1 wiiifin.nuuua ni 101115 iiuui ic
11 31,680 I concentrated influences and scope of
' 31,830 I Ineornorated biislnpKn. have not been
...851,810 utilized. But It does Infallibly follow
878 that unless those powers be applied
2 1....... 31,660
falsa presumption, that tber will be
serious delay when the work of the
commission becomes normal, as It
probably will at no distant day. and
Indeed no serious delay has jet oc
curred. It Is curious that some of
those newspaper corporation cham
pions that strove might and main to
maintain the old state of affairs in
which relief from transportation
abuses hung in the courts year after
year, often to be denied in the end,
should be now so distressed over delay
of a few weeks or months, wtiile the
commission Is busily clearing away,
once for all, the Initiatory work neces
sary to enforce the amended law In
SOME rEHTlXUXT ADVICE.
The letter which Chairman Rose has
addressed to the republican members
of the coming legislature contains
some timely Information as well as
pertinent advice. Mr. Rose forewarns
the law-makers as to the tricky manip
ulations by which the railroad and cor
poration lobby may be expected to at
tempt to block the reform measures
promised la the republican state plat
form. The multiplication of bills and the
prolific Introduction of amendments
with a view to throwing dust into the
eyes of both legislators and the public
constitute the usual methods by which
the paid lobbyists work. If they can
succeed in dividing allegiance between
different measures, ostensibly drawn
to accomplish the same purpose, or
emasculate good bills by stealthily en
grafting on them odious amendments,
they will nullify the platform pledges
and make a show of earning the
money paid them by their corporate
To be forewarned Is to be fore
armed. No member of the coming
Less unsold copies....
Net total sales . .". 843,03a efficaciously, and that, too, right speed
tally average- 31,401 Hy, the necessary control will be taken legislature can become a cat'spaw for
Charles c-0nir. over to national Jurisdiction. This the lobby this time and attempt later
a,,h.rih.if in mv nresence and sworn to process hus indeed been Koine on and to excuse himself on the ground that
before me this 1st dy of ijecemner. ij-jo. ,g . raDldly Increasing Drotrresfi. he did not know what he was doinc
IKe. 1 III . n. iiin.vjAirj, i - - ' ' (
.nuiBijr ruuiii.. I unaer pressure or sneer necessity ana
WHEN OtT Or TOWS.
Sabscrlbers leaving lb city tem
porarily should hart The Bee
mailed to tbeaa. Address will be
changed as oftea aa veejaested.
i kK. , i
yuuuu upiuiuu. THAT aWKt R CSX MOXKT.
tr l t . V . . I
mere is suusiamuai ground ior me . Some clever humorist should find
sentiment of local government, but It the tneme or a popular burlesque In
is aosduieiy conditioned upon me the owneriess 11.800. which Is vainly
eUlciency of local government. It Is Beeklng a lodging place since Con-
therefore tip to the states to demon-
gressmaa Pollard tried to put It back
erclsed rather than merely discussed;
for results and not theories are being
tested In the fires of experience.
Russia's plea for an alliance with
the United States against Japan shows
that the car Is missing no chance to
check his oriental rival for Asiatic
supremacy; but Uncle Sam has met
Greeks bearing gifts before.
The statement that Inmates In
Rtllbad prison did not resist adminis
tration of cholera serum should be
accompanied by a showing of the pun
ishment Inflicted for resistance before
It Is complete.
Should the speakership come down
to a contest between Dodge and Mc-
Mnllen the cause of direct primary
nominations will be sure to have a
high champion In the presiding offi
'It la to Umh."
The anxiety of the senate to get an attor
ney general who will but the trusts can be
appreciated by comparing It with the sen
ate's own record In that line.
Mneb Truth In Few Lines.
Incidental to the traffic fight between the
Northern Pacific and the. extended Chicago,
Milwaukee A 8t. Paul there will be some
more of that Intensive development In the
great northwest. i
Pathetic Kirks of the Poor.
No wonder the Pullman company object
to being fined for the sale of adulterated
milk! Such a penalty In the first step
toward making It pay a round rriee for the
furniehlng of Imitation pmowa.
. Kansas City Times.
No doubt E. H. Harrlmnn will be
charmed to leorn that Btuyveaant Fish has
arranged to testify before the Interstate
Commerce commission and give It the
benefit of his wide knowledge of railroad
management and operation.
Co in m on Kitchen Ciosalp.
The little peep the Bellamy Btorer dlsclos
ures have given to the public under the lid
of our diplomacy will not lea.d to a,ny popu
lar aesire ror an after-lifting of the lid
The gx4ngs-on In the kitchen cabinets of
kings, kinglets, potentates and plenlpoten
ttaries are very human and very like the
common kitchen rivalries and gossiping In
the households of the commoners.
etrate their ability to deal with these A(,cordlnlt to official advice of the ser-
The coal men may have fixed the problems of present day life, and ant-at-arms and the house of reo-
prlce of coal, but there Is no suspicion never were utate legislatures and all re8entatives, no opening has yet been
mat tney nxea tue jury. r.lnl auinui -men bo critically on trial discovered hv which the mnnev mav
Irs at this moment. It Is not a dues- , in ki, v,a w.
ai. iuum mU1 uu " "- non at an wnetner me imperious k ij,.i .., rw
t n m a U-Yia1 1" nfirA mmat nin ar nf l I . 11 . 1 . . . I
-o - 01 our inausinai COnaiUOn vrDaarnan Pnllord honnona in hnv
hoodoo In this community. shall be satisfied, but whether. the k.. , , .
I UCCU 1 LB 1UC3L fJUBl.UUICt.il. 1 1. IB lUOlDLru
BLatrs faillntT. thfi nallnnal irfivprnmpnf I . -..i
If the Water board will only keep on ,hall BatIgfv '
rescinding It may rescind itself off the ' leaBt unul Bora lner oibpobiuou snan
t Bap without causing many tear, to b. ntmUArZTnn . "I! J. !"
..j i " I iseriousiy, air. roiiara in up against
' The senate has at length confirmed a gtrone proposition. He has accupted
On result of present land-grab the President's nominations for t&e the payment of salary for a period for
prosecutions will be to "make long cabinet, and also, the nomination of whlch he, himself, admits his claim is
range homestead entries unpopular at nway to ue asaociiiie jus- more or less questionable, but every
soldiers' homes. 10 1 nuijreiue court, uui uui. ilu authority competent to pass upon me
me grace mat would nave been be- points at Issue insists that be is right-
Reports from Paris indicate that tho coming. It Is the custom, and It la funy entitled to the money. - He has
present situation has caused many pco- most appropriate, for the. senate to appealed to his associates In the house
pla to "attend church who would not act forthwith when the chief executive to come to his rescue and have thi
otherwise have done so. presents names for these high offices, question adjudicated by the proper
unless there be substantial objection committee, but even here has met with
Having "put God in the constltu- or ground for believing thafc. such ob- reluctance to grapple with the ques
tion" Oklahoma wiil be expected to jection may exist. Absolutely nothing tlon. To take the money away from
keep Him, at least in spirit. In its legal of the sort appeared in this case, and Mr. Pollard now and put it back Into
nactments and public life. yet the nomination were held up, and the treasury might set a very bad prec-
paltered with as if grave and por-1 edent for some other congressmen
Senator Rayner seems to be attempt- lentous perplexities were confronting who have had the benefit of similar
ing to qualify as democratic candidate tne senate. nayments
.ior leauer 01 tne senate on oenator While confirmation has now been It la not often that a man has to
Tillman'B "white man's" plank. made, and while no serious lncon- exert himself to give monev awav and
venlence results so far as the offices of Mr. Pollard is certainly entitled to
uooa retail locations in Omaha are tne UOmlnees are concerned, the Ini- sympathy in his dilemma,
x 8,1 a premium. 1 nai means mat nusi- pre88lon on tne pubiic mind la far
ness is oris ano peopie in possession from pleasant, because the trivial ex- When the appointment of Attorney
find It cheaper to pay. rent than to cuse8 Bneged for the unusual pro- General Moody to fill the vacancy on
ccdur carry the inference of a hostile the United States supreme bench was
spirit in the senate toward the presl- announced The Bee foreshadowed that
dent as well as towards Mr. Moody. the big corporate and money interests
The senate cannot complain if bus- would try to block confirmation in the
The Nebraska state organization of
county commissioners will hold Its
next convention at South Omaha, when plclon ,g thereby rR,8ed of a dUpo8l. ,enate. The delay in the Benate's ac
tlon on its part to annoy and humiliate tlon on the nomination Is to be ex-
the president In the public eye at the plained only on this score, that those
very opening of the session of con- who opposed Judge Moody, because
stors. Such n ansnlrlnn lining, la I not sufficiently subservient tn tha rnr.
ber that the m-esldent'a message had I . ' I
' damaging to tne senate rather than to poranons as attorney general, were
the president, and it will stand the simply feeling around to see if they
former In good stead to see to It could rally enough strength to beat
during the remainder of the session him. They evidently failed to discover
that nothing if done to confirm but the necessary votes and rather than
everything to destroy the Impression disclose their weakness preferred to
so foolishly made. . I let the approval of the nomination
Omaha will be pleased to act as chap
But Senator Dubois should reruem-
to have an ending and other presidents
failed to mention much which is now
of national interest.
Council Bluffs U now complaining
of poor water service for Are protec
tion. But Council Bluffs is not served
by the same plant that furnishes water
on this side of the river.
Hot Air Prophets.
Europe Is gloomily convinced that war 's
Inevitable between the United States and
Japan, and Is giving the former much kind
advice on the subject. Of course, nobody
has the least suspicion that Europe would
like very much to sic" Uncle Sam on the
little yellow men, for nothing would really
distress the rest of the world more than
to see the two nations Involved. But Uncle
Sam Is not sitting up nights worrying over
these pessimistic and slightly persistent
Let Them Flahl It Oat.
In a sort of family quarrel among Wall
atreet gamblera and Wall street usurers
there Is small room for choice, but there Is
some force to the contention of the gam
biers that the Treasury department ought
to withhold relief deposlta from Institutions
which notoriously use them to "soak" the
stock gamblers at 16 pef cent for call
loans. Let the gamblera and the usurers
fight It out among themselves without any
Interference and the country at large will
be satisfied, no matter which side gets the
worst of it.
More Room for Reform.
Apropos of the president's recommends
tlon that the public coal lands be perma
nently withdrawn from entry, with a view
to their development under the auspices of
the national government. It Is officially
stated that there are between 60,000,000 and
60,000,000 acres of such lands still In the
government's possession and the govern
ment's survey will undoubtedly add largely
to this area. Thousands of acres of these
lands have hitherto been sold at a figure
not exceeding KX) an acre, from which tho
coal royalties under the proposed system
would be $1,000 an acre at least. Obviously
there is a fine opportunity for reform here,
ROOSEVELT THE STROXG.
CUMMKHCE CUMMISSIOX a H OflK'.
It Is suggestive that the complaints,
Over in Chicago a newspaper cam
In declaring in favor of the eoualltv apparently made by preconcert, that palgn Is on to force the repair of lm-
of all races Russian constitutional tn Interstate Commerce commission passable asphalt pavements and photo-
democrats prove that a majority of ,8 overburdened with work under the graphs are being displayed of holes In
their party are more enlightened than amended law and should be relieved the street over tho question, "Who
nany Inhabitants of more fortunate 0 f much of it. emanates from precisely laid mis pavement 7 If this question
gig. , j . those- quarters in which the new law should ue Placarded on every hole in
encountered most inveterate opposl- Omaha s paved roadways It would
Mississippi's obiectlon to-an lnvai. tlon, and not at all from those lnflu- keep a corps of experts busy to find
gatlon of the status of child labor in ences that carried it to enactment. tn answers
that ut aim rnav h mnr eaallv nntA- Neither the commission itself, nor the I -
" ' - -.vl r.... vii
trH In tfc i!,b f w . Dres dent, nor anv rtsnonslhln nnhlle v "UDa ul luo repuuueau
nn. h-in.- hrmi-ht authority, nor any anblieant for rm- ,,aie committee gives some good ad
mninvr. edy before the commission ha. vet .n vlce to the republican members-elect
' I I ... v- l.tl .. mv y - 1
much as intimated a ned for rpmnrt. lu luo '""lurc' 1,10 Pwpie wno
All authorities agree that there 1b ellng the commission or distributing
more annexation talk in South Omaha ltB functions among other branches of
today than at any time heretofore, the public service.
The realization of a Greater Omaha 11 is true that an immense amount
would mean as much and more to the of business has been thrown upon the
people In the Magic City as to any commission, but It was foreseen that
others concerned. this would be the case. A large
proportion of . it, however, is lnci-
The report that two regiments of dental to Inauguration of Its enlarged
returned the republican majorities In
both houses will expect them to make
good and to travel the straight path
without switching onto railroad sidings.
Japanese soldiers with necessary off.
cers have landed at Honolulu dis
guised aa laborers recalls somewhat
similar reports current In the west
ten yeart or more ago; but the guns
were never found.
The railroads keep declaring that
they are out of politic in Nebraska.
The frut thing they should do to prove
thalr assertions is to keep their hands
off the organisation of the two
houses of the coming legislature. This
Is a good time fur the railroad polit
ical aibU to let well enough alone.
Jurisdiction and therefore temporary.
Moreover, many important old cases
which had been decided, but in which
under the old law the commission had
no power to enforce its decisions upon
unwilling carrier corporations, have
been brought anew. Oa top of this
the commission has had to act under
Joint resolutions of congress, requir
ing elaborate special investigations
into the relations between the roads
and the coal, oil and grain industries.
The fact that some delay must oc
cur in such a preM of extraordinary
business dues not prove, nur even
The acquittal of negroes charged
with killing a policeman at Atlanta
Is refreshing evidence of Improved sen
timent in Georgia, and is Incidentally
a severe comment upon the men re
sponsible for the recent race disturbances.
If those Pennsylvania bankers made
the mistake of considering the New
York situation a precedent, they must
have been surprised when their bank
was closed bscause Its cab reserve
was below the legal requirement.
Dowa East View of the Masterful Mas
la the Wbtte Ho.
Arthur Warren in Boston Herald.
The gods are good to the president. They
turn all things and all people to his favor,
Thoy even calm the hysteria of the Im
perfect, and lure the sagacious on rvlth
blue -eyed smiles. He has the happy art
this chieftain (or is it glftT), of divining
the people' will even before tho country
Is quite sure of Its own conclusions. Then
Is a pBychlc something about him which
enables him to know the workings of th
great popular mind before the aspirations
seething In It have found tongue. He alone
walks In the sun, and leaves the politl
clans groping in the gloom of yesternight,
He Is close to the greta heart.
A year ago, when the Klfty-nlnth con
gress came In, the thoughts of the nation's
lnrlHlators were torn with doubt. There
was rebellion, open and concealed, against
this masterful man. The big majority in
the house was too big, and some of It
thought it would tell the president the
time of day. The senate, too, had lta fond
way of administering corrections. But how
he overcame the opposition he and cir
cumKtunces. They who had come to curse
remained to pray, all except a brice of the
robustious. And now, "It Is aa you -please,
sir." and "What Is your wish, Mr. Presi
There has been an election, you see, and
the many have upheld the one, Wherever
the president's Influence was put forth In
a state down went the candidate whom ho
oppesed, whether of his own party or the
other. The obtusest congresjman can
read such a sign as that. And one by one
the old war horses drop to the rear with
their ancient loads of bygone policies.
.A senator who held out long In the oppo
sition last session, and who made a great
point of criticising the president for his
"Interference." for his "domination of con
greas," said to me: "Of course one has
to criticise that sort of thing; but, after
all, the president does Just what 1 did
when I was governor of my state. I used
to tell the meo.bers of the legislature what
I wanted, and I usually carried my point."
Tha senatur might have added that us
governor he had a more cajoleful way
with legislators than the president has
with congressmen. The president Is a man
driver and a wlelder of sledge hammers.
But the senator's confession Is Illuminat
ing. It always makes a d fferrnre whose
o Is gored. President Ht aevelt's prede
cessor did not gore oxen. Hi was soothful.
President McKlnley was ha iplest In placat
ing. He Uked to please et er) body. Presi
dent Roosevelt bends his energies to tht
successful Issues of his own policies. He
care nut who Is displeased so long as h
FREM'H CIllRCIl CRUI.
Character and Valne of Property
Reverllna to the State.
Under the separation law now In opera
tion In France all church property not
taken over by a.ocltlnns In accordance
with tho law Is subject to selsure by the
stnte and reversion to the communes
wherein the property Is located. The fall,
ure of the Catholics todny to comply with
he association feature of the law gives
he slate the opportunity to selre church
property, which the authorities are proceed
ing to do. The character and value of the
property Involved are dctnlled by the Paris
correspondent of the New Tork Evening
Post as follows:
This property Is estimated, for the popu
lar lmnglnatlon, at some 400.001.ono francs;
but so much of It la unproductive or bur
dened with servitudes that its totnl dis
posable annual revenue cannot exceed
2,000,000. This does not amount to 130
apiece for the BS.600 parishes recognised by
the French state for Its late Inventories.
Even the appropriation of the churches and
other buildings for use as town halls or
public schools Is difficult In most caaes on
account of the pecullnr construction. A
similar financial mlsreckonlng has hap
pened to the famous "milliard" (tW.ooo.OO)
of the religious communities convents.
colleges and other properties which reverted
to the state when Parliament suppressed
the congregations. 80 far liquidators' ex
penses have gone ahead of realizations. For
example, at Nirhcy, the redemptorlM church.
rated at 130,000 francs, and the Dominican
chapel, at 100.000 cost prices hnve had to
bo sold for 1,100 francs ($;40) each, the
worth of the materials after demolition.
However such buildings may be ndtpted
to the Catholic purposes of their original
owners, they are of little civil use.
The property now covered by the separa
tion law Is of three kinds:
1. There Is that portion of ancient ca
thedral and other churches, priests' houses
nnd seminaries restored to the church after
the revolution, which had confiscated thein
to the utate as national property. These,
with some 40,000,000 francs annual subsidy,
to be paid by the state to parish priests
and bishops (amounting to less than 100
apiece), were accepted by Plus VII as the
only compensation obtainable for the prop
erties confiscated. But the Parliament
whlf-h has passed the separation law re
fuses to acknowledge any such claim on the
property or any other obligation of the
French state toward the church arising
from the concordat signed by Napoleon
and hitherto observed, even by the repub
lic. Except for about 3,000.ono of superan
nuating pensions, destined to disappear the
separation law not only suppresses the sub
sidy, but, with the revolution, declares
churches and church property to be posses
sions of the state, departments and com
munes. A certain number of these build
ings have from .time to time been brought
under the administration of fine arts and
classed as national monuments of archi
tecture and as such cannot be sold or demolished.
I. The churches and other ecclesiastical
buildings erected after the revolution very
commonly received subsidies from the lo
calities, or even from the state, Joined with
the contributions of the faithful. These
are also claimed as state property pure
and simple, except In the case of authen
ticated legacies, which, If the property
should be turned aside from religious pur
poses, might be claimed at law by heirs.
Government haa announced that if Catho
lics do not take the property, legacies for
masses will be retained by the state, al
though the masses will not be Paid some
thing like the foundations at the Univer
sity of Oxford after the Reformation. In
the "case of schools which had been built
by a legacy on c6ndltlon that the teachers
should be church sisters, the Conseil d'Etat
as ultimate authority haa recently decided
that so long aa the building is used even
for a purely secular state school, without
religious teachers, the legacy cannot be
claimed by the heirs, but remains in poa
se&slon of the state.
3. There are the various churches erected
principally of late years bv the sole con
trlbutJons of the faithful and owned by
associations ot Catholics without connec
tion with the public, authorities. These also
now revert to the state, since such prop
erty by the separation law can be held
only by public, worship associations which
Catholics refuse to perform. Even the
American Protestant church In the Rue de
Berri, Paris, has had a moment of per
plexity In conforming to the separation law
on this point. The property has always
been owned by the founders, who reside In
the United States; It has become necessary
to rent from them the use of the church
building In the name of a new association
of Paris residents, as the law requires.
But that which Is easy for a church congre
gatlon from the start is Impossible to
Catholics, who have priests, bishops and a
pope, and so cannot suffer themselves to
be congregatlonalized by a separation law,
A Christinas Suggestion
try TViTrt ,'
Wirfiot buy Mother, Wife, or 'Sweetheart
1 . a timond ? Nothing you ,could think of
would be more valuable,' more' appropriate
Tnore appreciated Do not' worry voveti
lank-'of readv cash.
Your Credit Is Oood
tMna JttAtKOWD KTrTtn
80 ual up. airall
own. beJMjoeS aV sMm-rsmlent.
I have made unusually large prop-
arations for the Holiday trade, and
can give you better service than ever
before, with prices b low as the low.
est fcr reliable goods.
It Is not always easy to say by what
provision of the law separating church
from state certain property reverts to thn
latter. The great aeminary of St. Sulplce,
where Cardinal Gibbons, Archbishop Wil
liams and so many other American priests
and bishops had their training, Is to be
come a government building, perhaps for
the ministry of colonies. The present arch
bluhop's house, so it is said, will be taken
almost at once for the new ministry of
labor by M. Vlvlanl, who has appropriately
put out the lights of heaven In his first
speech as minister. Meanwhile the mu
nicipal council la doing secularisation of Its
own. and has Just sent away from the
Hotel Uleu hospital the Augustlnlan . sis
ters, whose community had been In charge
sine a century before Joan of Arc.
Watches and Diamonds cm Credit
My diamonds are Bold on a very olose mardln every stone Is
perfecta guarantee goes with each stone CC a COf
-Diamond Rings W J3W
Combination Diamonds and Emeralds, Diamonds and Ruby
and Sapphire, or Diamond and Pearl f TP C1Af"f"
Rings-from.: .. tO MlJUU
Diamond Necklaces, Pendants, Brooches, Ear Screws, Stude,
etc., at lowest prices
Everything Sold on Easy Proments.-
Ladles' and Gentlemen's Gold Filled Watches in cholos of'tha
best American and imported movements fj59 COi
guaranteed 20-year case from 3)0JJ
1522 Farnam Street
Lord Charles Heresford, who hns Just
been given the hlRhet sea command In
the British navy, with the rank of admiral,
Is In his sixty-first year.
Colonel George Grenvllle Benedict, for
more than fifty-three years editor of the
Burlington (Vt.) Dally Free Press and. in
point of years of continuous service, prob
ably the oldest editor In the country,
reached his eightieth birthday recently.
Samuel Q. Ward, formerly a Boston
banker and one of Ralph Waldo Emerson's.
most Intlnuite friends. Is still living In Wash
ington. He Is one of two survivors of tho
Harvard class of 1SC6, and is one of three
survivors of the Boston Lntln school class
Emperor William has startled Germany
ty appointing Herr Bruno Paul, the carica
turist of BimpllciaaimuH, to be director of
the Berlin Industrial Art school. Herr
Paul's appointment Is a triumph for se
cessionist art and may signify the death
blow to many old-fashioned ideas.
John W. McMann of Mount Clemens,
Mich., was convicted of bigamy Inst week
and sentenced to pay a fine of $200 or go
to Jail for three months. Mr. McMann is
of a thrifty turn, so he Kas decided to
spend the winter In prison. He has ten
davs In which to make up his mind and
will occupy that time In putting his affairs
into such shape that they will not need his
personal attention until spring.
Dr. Alfred C. Haddon, the English
ethnologist, who has traversed the wilds
of Africa. New Guinea and Melanesia, is
In this country to make an Inspection of
the American museums. Dr. Haddon has
been here before and has a high opinion
of American Interest In scientific Investi
gations and studies of ancient peoples. He
will remain here several months, during
which time he will- deliver a course of lec
tures In Boston.
In the light ot Secretary Root's re
marks on the subject of state's rights
, .... . , . 1 c iui alio is Ulluea mv
advocates of the southern idea should ' ..ha, lha counlr, Um... H, knows
see that their admitted rights are ex-he has lb
WARHIXIi AND LAM1 GRAUIIERS.
Story of Robbery Revealed by Rec
ords of Land Oinee.
St. Louis Republic,
The story of land stealing by powerful
and wealthy combinations that Is told In
the annual report of Secretary Hitchcock,
of the Interior department. Is the- same
old story that began In the seliure by
Roman patricians of the public lands which
the Koman republic had set apart to pro
vide homes for the soldiers of the Roman
In the records of the publlo land of the
I'nited States the same story began sen
sationally In the long-lltlgated Vasoo land
frauds. In which a speculative corporation
obtained, through wholesule bribery of the
Georgia legislature, titles, which the su
preme court of the Culled Btalee after
wards confirm), to wide areas of the best
lands In Mississippi and Alabama.
The story has been written large In the
records of the general land office until
now, and it will be continued In our history
as long as the government owna valuable
property of any sort for grafters to prey
Secretary Hitchcock has made a heroic
fight to protect the publlo property from
spoliation by powerful Interests which,
through corrupt politics and by other
means, have In every possible way Ob
structed the course ot Just Ire. The 600 In
dictments he has obtained against these
land pirates and the conviction of ninety
of thm prove that public property can be
protected from loot by an honest, earnest
and fearless official.
AM AIR TIGHT MOOPOI.Y.
Tha West Pats Vp a Sample that
Astonishes the Bast.
The charges in tha indictments returned
by the federal grand jury ut Salt Vaka
City against the Harrlman and .Gould In
terests Indicate a western monopoly In coul
as complete as that which enabled the beef
trust to force down the price of cattle to
the stockmen and raise the price of beef
to the consumer. According to these In
dictments the defendants first procured
possession of . the public coal lands by
fraud and collusion and then shut out In
dependent operators by discrimination In
The method of securing coal lands from
the public domain by having dummies flic
upon It and later transfer it to the com
panies Is familiar through recent revela
tions In the west. Bo, toe, nearer home, is
the system of forcing Independent dealers
out of business by refusing to furnish
cars. The case of Sharp, upon whose
charges the Indictment Is made. Is pecu
liarly flagrant. Here was an Independent
coal dealer who tried to give his consumers
the benefit of a reduction la freight rates.
He says he was promptly ordt-red to line
up with the others on price, and upon his
refusal soon found himself unable to get
cars, with tho outcome that he was driven
out ot business.
The indictments are against both the
corporations and individuals. But behind
these charges there is understood to be a
further violation of the law slmllur to that
In the Northern Becurltles merger, which
will be taken up later. This case, it la
asserted, will not be based upon possible
elimination of competition, but upon actual
combination and restraint. In other words,
It is charged that the western roads have
for yeurs been maintaining In concert a
coal monopoly so that tha consigners had
not only to face the monopoly of one road,
but all combined, sustained by Just such
methods as have resulted In the Indictments
PITHY AMD POIXTKD.
Knlcker Did your wife read the presi
dent s mtssnge?
uockcr .No, but III bet she would nave
listened to every word if she could have
overheard U on a party wire. New York
'"Say. that chan who was In vou office
the other day seems to have had some sur
piiiiing adventures. He must be a very
"A brave man! Why. that fellow la a
press agent." Cleveland Plain Dealer.
"Mamma." said the little girl, "majr 1
learn roller skiving?"
"Yes, my darling daughter," answered
her mother. "Strap the skates on you feot
und go and sit down to the piano." Chi
cago Tribune. ,
"So the country haa congress on Its
nan ils again."
"Yes, and I understand there will be
some Interesting legislation on foot."
"What do you think we ought to- do with
the railroads?" asked the nervous patriot.
"I hadn't thought about that," answered
Farmer Corntossel. "I've been too busy
guessln' what the railroads are goln' to do
with us." Washington, Star.
"A parson," remarked the Cheerful Idiot,
"Is a good deal like a retired prize fighter."
"Come on with the explanation." said, the
"They are both ex-pounders, you know,"
rejoined the C. I. Chicago News, j
"He certainly seems likely to live to a
green old age." . .
"Why, he has already attained it- He's
Just married a girl twenty-five years his
Junior and he thinks she loves him for him
self alone." Philadelphia Ledger.
Miss Ascum Did you say your husband
whs out looking for work?
Mrs. Loeffer-No, I believe he's out
looking at work. There are some men
digging a cellar down at the corner and
he doesn't event able to get any further
Miss Ascum You're still engaged to Jack,
Miss Cuddlea Certainly.
Miss Ascum And docs ho love you as
much as ever?
Miss Cuddles Gracious! No. How could
he? You know he broke his right arm the
other day. Philadelphia Press.
"Do you regard yourself as a reformer?"
asked the friend.
"Not yet," answered Senator florghum,
"but after people gi-t tired of some of the
new Ideas I may come to the front and
help reform them back to the old ways."
"Didn't you tell me that fellow who
was always grumbling was a dealer In
I told you no such thing. I ssld he
was in the whine business." Baltimore
"Who Is this Brander Matthews?" asked
the new proofreader.
"He's the father of the simplified spell
ing." answered the man at the other desk.
"Huh! He doesn't seem to have got
around to his own name yet."
Thereupon, without the slightest compunc
tion, he marked out the superfluous ' t."
THE! HED DESERT.
Tho wallows are whlte-rdged with alkali,
I.lke the foam uncaked on a dead man's
Two tiny clouds hang In the sky.
As the doldrums might tuld two helpless
The sand In the hills Is red, blood-red,
(Oh, 5od! for a dash of the cooling
rain') And the foreman reels aa he rides ahead
And the limping herd moans In fear and
A thousand steers have dropped In the trail
Since we drove from the last scitiit water
And the boys in the saddle are weak and
grim despair rides the forenuua'a
But still he rides on In the furnace blase,
With the winding herd, snukt-llka, be
hind; And bis keen eyes pierce through the dan
To the hope that his heart baa but 111
Bo lead, lead on 'neath the d'sr? sp-ll,
With your dying cattle and half-crazed
They have followed you into the maw of
And the lucky shall follow you out again.
Spaalah Laborers fa Hawaii.
HONOLl'Ll', Dec. II The Territorial
Board of Immigration haa decided to bring
j 1,009 laborers f rum BptUn, to the Islands,
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