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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 10, 1906)
THE OMAHA DAILY BEEs MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 10, 1!XX5.
The Omaha Daily Bee.
FOUNDED BT EDWARD ROSE WATER.
VICTOR ROSEWATER, EDITOR.
Entered at Omaha Postofflce
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TUB BED PUBLISHING COMPANT.
8TATEMENT OF -CIRCULATION. t
Ktate nf Nnhruk tvnivlaa County. as:
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ful and complete copies of Th Dally
Morning. Evening and Sunday Be printed
aurtna the month ot August, was m
I si,eso . it
t S1.S00 II..
4 ss.oeo xo
1 30,140 n.....
1 21,680 12..........
7. S1.440 ,11
I 81,330 ' 14
Vl S1.140 II
io si.rto - t. .........
11 S1.S40 27
If 80,060 ii:
II S1.4O0 SI
14 81,830 10
II SLS80 11..
14 SMSO ,
Laaa unaold copies.
'Net total salaa ...
GEORGE B. TZSCHUCK.
Subscribed in my presence ana ewora
to before mo thla list day of August,
(Seat) at. A. HITNOATB4
Notary - Public
WHEN OUT OF! TOWIi
Sabserlbere leavlaar tha city tans
rarity ahaald have Tha Bee
ehaaged as aftea as raejaested.
Omaha's bank clearings are also
good testimony of Omaha's business
Kansas la emphasizing its unique
record by paying in full the depositors
of ona of Its defunct banks.
Senator- Dick aeema to have made
tha mistake of forgetting old friends
a bad habjt aa many politicians can
The decision of President Palma to
divide the responsibility . of suppress
ing the Insurrection would Indicate
that he sees more trouble than glory
In the contest. .
Colonel Bryan's exhibit at the Ne
braska state fair proves to ba a lec
ture oil' farming, and for once he has
been able to talk, without eliciting a
rejoinder from Roger Sullivan.
Now that free trade Holland and
protectionist Belgium are talking of
closer alliance, residents of those coun
tries may become better acquainted
with one of the American political Is-
The trip ot Secretary Shaw through
tha south proves that the congressional
committee regards that section as pre
pared at last to hear republican doc-
tilneundeflled by suggestions of pol
icy or compromise.
Americsns will generally applaud
the decision of the French govern
ment ,to confer the crass ot tha Legion
ot Honor upon arahy Bernhardt, for
she has doae:tuch to add to the
luster, of France ia; days when luster
was scarce. i
Since John D. Rockefeller's lawyers
have failed to get tha information
against him quashed, the public may
discover just who is tha "evil genius"
behind the Stsndard Oil company It
Mr. Rockefeller has been only the
Having returned triumphant from
his rope throwing exploits In the Wall
street arepa, Mayor "Jim" proposes to
give another exhibition of his widely
advertised backbone In .connection
with the squabble over the city prose-
.Omaha will again entertain the next
session of the Missouri Valley Medical
society. If this organization would
spread out a little it could form the
nucleus of a medical . society, .which
would set the standards for all medical
practice bet weens, the Mississippi river
snd tha Rocky mountains.
E. H. Harritnan and Jamea J. Hill
have been In conference In St. Paul,
although what they talked about has
not been made public. The conclusion
they reached. It anyLwlll probably ba
disclosed-:bT.'watcitn closely the
operations oj, tie Union Pacific and
Burlington In Nebraska and other ter
ritory which they both traverse.
The election ot. a new president of
the stste university -ot South Dakota
to succeed Dr. Garrett Droppers Is ex
pected to end the, long political conten-
tlonsover tha position, which has
demonstrated the pernicious effects ot
lnjectlp partisanship I a to an eduea-
tlonal institution. Nebraska had sev
eral experiences or mis kind and does
not want any more. Irrespective ot
tha merits of the contending parties,
wa hope Eouth, Dakota may now have
ita untversltj Conducted free from in
tsrnal dissension. t
US DOTH PROTEST TOO MUCH.
In Ita account of the republican
contention tor the Eleventh, mm-
torlal district," comprising the conn-
tics ot Madlaon, Pierce, Stanton and
Wayne, tha Norfolk News refere to
ona episode aa follows:
H. llalseraoa offered a series of resolu
tions which contained a clauaa condemning
tha prsctlce of trading In conventions.
rhlch was taken to be aimed at J. A.
Williams of Pierce, republican Candidate
for railway commissioner oq tha atata
ticket This aroused 'derided opposition
and considerable heated dleousslon, during
which Mr. Williams, .who waa In tha room,
was called upon, and ha said that ha had
nothing to cover up. "Any statement that I
traded tha Pierce county delegation to
anyone or for anybody. Is an absolute
falaehood. I did not trade a single vote.
The delegation did not coma down for me.
When they came to Lincoln they did hot
know I waa a candidate. Tha delegation I
was nominally instructed for Rosewater
and we voted for him for Are ballots. Then
It was concluded that Mr. Rosewater could
not make It, and each delegate voted his
Individual preference, and aa chairman I
announced tha ballot four for Brown and
three for Roaewater.- There was no trade
or aall-out of an kind."
In the language of the Immortal
poet. Judge Williams "doth protest too
much." A man who will betray the!
interests of his constituents for a con'
slderatlon will not hesitate to lie about
It. That Judge Williams endeavored
to trade tha Pierce county delegation
In tha recent republican state conven
tion for his own benefit In a deal that
required It. to repudiate Its. Instruc
tions lit self-evident beyond successful
If Williams wanted to be a candi
date for railway commissioner at any
time, he had a right to announce his
candidacy and ask the support of his
home county. More than that, he had
a right to ask the support, of tho
friends of Edward RoBewater, to .whom
the Pierce delegation was committed
not by "nominal' Instructions, but by
unequivocal resolution. But lacking
the manhood to come out in the open,
Judge Williams In the despicable way
of traitors repeatedly assured ' Mr.
Roaewater and members of his dele
gation, that he as chairman would
caat the Pierce county vote undivided
for Mr. Rosewster from first to last,
while at the same time he had ar
ranged the details of the sell-out with
the manager of the opposition.
The dead give-away is the fact the
goods were delivered and the deal con
summated. Representative Caldwell
of Clay county was told In' advance of
the convention that If Brown won out
the slate for railway commissioners
would include Winnett, Caldwell and
Williams, while Williams, with all his
brasenness, did not even have the
hardihood to come to Mr. Rosewater
and ask the support of the Douglas
Although the Pierce county defec
tion did not decide the senatorial con
test, the people of Nebraska will still
be called upon to say at the election
In November whether a man guilty of
such dishonest conduct can be trusted
to stand up for the people against the
blandishments ot the railroads in a
position where the most vital public
Interests will be at stake.
TUB REAL ISSUE.
The able speech of Secretary Taft in
Maine, aa the effect on the newspaper
press generally shows, proves to. have
toeif most successful In .clearing the
atmosphere of a great deal of mis', and
cloud as to what business is really be
fore thi country to be attended to, in
I the congressional elections now loss
than sixty days distant. Mr, Bryan's
arrival had helped for the moment to
obscure the business in hand, for the
other democratic leaders, utterly un
able to state any definite point of Im
mediate policy, had waited in -hope
thiit he might do it for them.
But the clear note sounded by Sec
retary Taft has served to recall public
attention to the common sense.', fact
I that the paramount issue is not gov-
eminent OFnershlp ot railroads, to
I wnich. Mr. Bryan has commutes aim-
Iself, nor revision ot the tariff, nor any
1 of the Interminable list of vague par
tisan complaints wnich he compiled for
his reception speech. Even it the op-
position could agree on mixed national
and state ownership ot railroads the
congress to be elected could by no
possibility put on the statute book a
line or a syllabVa of law t,o that end,
and Innumerable democratic leaders
like Senator Bailey and Congressman
Williams uncompromisingly controvert
Mr. Bryan's proposition.
All such fictions and partisan
maneuvers collapse before Secretary
Taft'a hold and pregnant declaration
tnat republicans "do propose to make
Mr. Roosevelt the Issue In this' cam
paign because he is the Issue, not In
what be has said, but In what he has
I done and what the party has upheld
him In doing." Insofar as repressing
trust and railroad abuses, fidelity In
public office and the enforcement of
all the laws are concerned. Theodore
Roosevelt, backed by hla party, Is
I actually doing things, having begun
as soon as ha had power In his hands.
In the execution of a progressive pro
gram, legislative and administrative.
ha la going forward, as is demon-
trted by the rate law, the pure food
' the meat Inspection and other
laws enacted at the late session of con
gress, and tha alxteen capital actions
prosecuted under the. anti-trust act of I
1890 and the sixty-four under the In
terstate commerce act and its amend
i ments. Partisan opposition may lm-
- 1 aglne vain things and vociferate cap-
itlous complalnta and unlimited prom
I Ises. but It is becoming Increasingly
I evident that Intelligent votera who are
J dealing with facta aee that a president
who is doing, and not merely talking.
I is the real wing.
8o commanding la thla phase of the
situation. In tha public mind as to ex -
I cite the apprehension that thus to
- 1 make Rooaerelt the issue Is to make
I him president tor another term. While
this docs not necessarily follow, nor
la likely to follow, two years mora of
Roosevelt unhampered In the comple
tion ot the work already begun la the
Inevitable concomitant of returning a
republican congress to uphold hie hand
aa distinguished from a democratic
con great which would at once clog the J
wheels of hla administration and block
at far at possible Its forward move
FIRST BIO RATE CA8E.
The first notable complaint of dis
crimination under tha new law has
been formally filed with .the Interstate
Commerce commission on behalf of
Spokane by its jobbers' association and
chamber of commerce, attacking
through rates which are greater from
astern points to Spokane than from
the former to Pacific coaat terminals.
The commission Is ssked to abolish ss
Inherently sn unreasonable and wrong
ful discrimination the rata from
tha eastern seaboard to Spokane which
Is, In fact, tha through rata to the
competing city or Seattle, plus tne locai
rata from Seattle back to Spokane,
and to substitute for It practically
distance tariff. :
The Importance of the case grows
out of the fact that the complaint
raises the whole question of competi
tive relations under the law between
all Interior trade centers and those
having, water transportation, whether
ocean, lake, river or canal, ' and Its
roots are Intermingled with the vexed
question of differentials. While the
original interstate commerce act of
1887 prohibited the discrimination in
volved in a greater charge for the
shorter distance in the same direction
as a general rule. It took care to ex-
cept cases of ''dissimilar conditions,"
the phrase being intended to apply
chiefly . to water competition. The
commission has explicitly sanctioned
suspension of the long and short haul
clause In many cases, but no city sit
uated relatively as Spokane has ever
been content with such adjudications
or with the rate practices ot the trans
The sweeping character of the
amended law's prohibition of dlscrlml
nations has encouraged the interior In
terests, Spokane being merely the first
before the commission, to raise the
broad question involved in water com
petition. Obviously the point is of
radical and far-reaching consequence
and illustrates the enormous powers
which have been vested in tha commts
slon. Heretofore neither had the
terms of the law been peremptory as
to such conditions, nor had the com
mission authority to enforce its de
crees. It wilL now act in thla case
with full authority, not only to annul
the vast system of rates complained
of, but also to substitute outright for
it such rates as it may deem proper.
the stock market situation.
The surprising course of the stock
and securities market, there having
been a considerable advance of prices
the last ten days almost along the
whole line in the teeth of the tighten
ing money supply, cannot be attributed
altogether to speculation. Something
more substantial la necessary 1 to ex-
plain the continued advance after the
impulse Imparted by the sudden phe
nomenal rush of prices caused by the
Union Pacific and Southern Pacific
dividend announcement three weeks
ago, notwithstanding that New York
bank reserves have now been depleted
to such an unprecedented point above
the legal limit, that the call rate has
soafed as high as 40 per cent and that
the currency movement west on ac
count of crops Is sure to Increase and
continue for months.
In the first place, the situation
proves increasing confidence in the
abiding character of our prosperity
upon which stock values absolutely de
pend. The conditions imply firm be
lief even in expansion of production
and exchange of commodities, the
swelling volume of which. In connec
tlon with currency inflexibility, Indeed
explains in large part the dearth of
ready cash for the moment at the great
representative exchange and settle
ment center at New York. On top of
this, the reassuring fact as to cash Is
the known availability of tha world'i
B gold boards abroad, Imports be
ing facilitated by renewal of the treas
ury arrangements devised last spring
which will be effective today and
which. If the exigency should become
scute, could speedily bring in from
$50,000,000 to 1100.000,000
It seems that George W. Berge has
been finally hypnotized Into promising
to give his support publicly to Shallen
berger for governor, Notwithstanding
the railroad label the democratic noml
nee bears. Hsvlng been beaten I
convention for the nomination by
hallenberger, and exerted himself
later to procure the acceptance of the
democratic choice by the populist "al
lies," Mr. Berge has perhapa nothlc
else to do under the political code ot
ethics but to submit. Yet tor the
author of the book on "free pass
bribes" to be compelled io certify to
a notorious pass-monger must come
Fire underwriters over In Iowa are
trying to get around the anti-compact
law by proposing a state board to fix
uniform fire ratea. As usual, the un
derwriters pretend that the fire com
p antes are doing business In Iowa at a
loss and ask for special consideration
as charitable Institutions. In the
present state of public sentiment
against trusts and trade combinations
tn- iom underwriters ought to know
0nough to let well enough alone.
A new county court house, or rather
1 a new public building for the combined
accommodation of county and city of
I fices, is sure to come In time and ta a
I comparatively short time. A county
court houee erected nearly twenty-Ore
yeara ago cannot be expected to fur
nish all tha needed facilities for a
county whose population baa In the
Intern! grown at least four-fold.
ThS retreat of, the local Ice caar be
fore the rising tide of public Indigna
tion at his srbltrsry exactions stiows
realisation on hla side that discretion
the better part of valor. The Ice
man has had the advantage of en
trenched position this year, enabling"
him to ba as despotic as he pleased,
but the people will see to It that no
such situation recurs. There Is no
good reason why tha Ice business
should not take Into consideration the
needa and conditions of its patrons, the
same as other concerns that are fur
nishing a necessary public service.
Scotch complaint of the parsimony
of American travelers emphasises the
fact that the average American trav
eler today is not the msn of Urge tor
tunes,' but many persons of moderate
meana feel Impelled to visit other
lands aa matter of education and
That Dublin newspsper which sees
trouble ahead for the United Statea
through the employment ot Chinese
labor on the canal tone evidently mis
takes the temper of America which
111 not seriously find fault with tha
workmen just so the canal Is built.
In defying the authority of the Min
nesota Board of Railroad commission
ers J. J. Hill has 'set an example In
practical anarchy tending to Injure
American Institutions more than all
the bombs ever thrown by crazy fol
lowers of the red flag.
Where la the Profltf
Bank wrecking . Isn't tha business it
was before the general adoption ot extra
dition treaties. International comity In tha
absence of treaties, and especially the uni
versality of tha telegraph.
Waralac ta Coal Baraaa.
Nebraska expects to have enough corn
thla year to feed tbe civilised peoples of
the world for six months. If necessary. Let
tha coal . trust beware. We can all burn
corn next winter. If necessary.
Roar front the-Sojaee-sed.
Senator Heyburn bitterly denounces the
president's forestry policy, asking what
right he has to have a policy. No doubt
the happy-go-lucky system of allowing the
public lands to be stolen was much superior.
New Ideaa a Hammer.
When wa simplified our Spelling from the
clumsy Elizabethan style, don't you remem
ber that the same disturbance was made by
tha foglea and centenarians, whose brains
had hardened so that ho new Ideaa were
possible to them? '
A SpeelSo for tha Blaea.
Traveling from Chicago to the Rocky
mountains at the present, time la like going
through one continuoua cornfield. And It's
good corn. People, who don't know where
their next. meals. axe'omlng from should
take a look. It wUlpheer thern. ,.
Pathos of Faealaar Pass.
New York Post.
An early recital of the "eminently satis
factory Initiative -reaulta" of the railroad
rate law was to be expected from the ad
ministration, . but U' taxes one's credulity
to- have It' accompanied by the assumption
that the vice president has heretofore ac
cepted liberal "courtesies" from the rail
roaas. Mr. rairDanaa. on Saturday, re
marked: "A private secretary la a luxury.
these days. It costs money to ride on rail
road trains since the new rate law went
Into effect." . ,"' . . . ...
Senator LaFollette. haa just experienced
hla first defeat in six years.
If President Roosevelt has a . trip to
Coney Island In anticipation for this year
he should make It next Thursday, when
ten thousand babies,' or more, will be on
Harold - B. Sampson, the second son of
tha late Rear Admiral Sampson, haa en
tered the naval academy at Annapolis.
His brother, Ralph Bampson, entered sev
eral weeks ago.
Harry B. Wolf, who has announced him'
self as a candidate for tha democratic nom
ination for congre from the third Mary
land district, began life as a newsboy. He
la only 26 yeara old and has practiced law
for five yeara.
Although It Is the business of a life saver
to save life it seertis that a record of
twenty-four reacuea In one season ahould
entitle the rescuer, who Is stationed at EI
beron, N. J., to special mention If. not to a
Carnegie hero medal.
"Coin" Hsrvey, whose book was a senoa
tlon of tha free sliver campaigns. Is now
president and general manager of the
Monte Ke, Ark., Club House, Hotel and
Cottage company. 'The concern haa
hotel SOS feet long and a capita! of 1:10,000.
Frederick Braun, the world's authority on
crinolds, haa been working for severs
montha near Oa w ford vl lie, Ind., finding
soma rare specimens. ,. Crinolfla or aea lilies
are the remains of prehistoric animals, and
to produce them requires thousands ot
years and a complete change in the earth
topography. He has the finest collection In
the world at his Brooklyn home.
WISB WORD I SEASON.
Professlaa of Tearhlaar ssl Natrt
asaay Not laroaalstea.
- Springfield IMasa.) Republican.
President Crabtree of tha Nebraaka State
Normal achool at Peru has a wise word for
those who Insist that no girl should take
up the profession of teaching unless she
la willing to make It a life calling. Ha
recognisea that human nature la bound to
play a large part In this .matter, whether
we will or not. Plenty of young women
have regarded themselvea - as wedded to
teaching until the right young man came
along and shed new light upon the situa
tion. No purpose to - remain alngle ran
be trusted to stsnd when that happena.
Nor does Mr. Crabtree regard marriage aa
a break to tne wora or a competent
teacher. It simply means the transfer of
educational effort from eh public to the
family, and auch women do not leave tbe
teaching profession, but advance to a more
Important post. Men who have married
teachers will know hew wise this point of
view really Is School experience ia the
best sort of qualification for the home, and
to President Crabtree's mind the - best
school-teacher ta - the girl who ' hss . the
domestic Instinct and is moat likely to
leave tho pedagogic calling and find her
natural and proper place aa the arbiter of
her own home. Here Is a theory that I
In firm agreement with good
Battle far Mallclaaa Liberty.
Omaha True Voice.
Ha was a democratic man, a friend te
the needy and charitable to the poor. As
public spirited cillsen hs, stood above
most of those who opposed his plans. His
Ideaa of citlsenahlp and hla courage were
tested when the tide ot antl-Csthollc big
otry swept over the country fourteen years
go. Edward Roaewater did not lend him
self to tho propaganda. He denounced
the un-American organisation formed by
a few misguided fanatlca and was one nf
Ha most 'influential opponents In this city.
It coat him not a little to take this rour
sgeous stand, but he never regretted It.
Time has healed many of the old wounds
opened by the malice or prejudice of other
years; men who then opposed Mr. Rose
water because he stood for religious lib
erty have come to see things aa he saw
them then. But Catholics cannot forget
that Mr. Rosewater waa a friend when
friends were few. He deserved their grat
itude for his services In those years of
trial, If he had done nothing else. White
others praise his great achievements,
Cathollca, respect his memory for the
courageous battle he waged In behalf of
religious liberty. 1
Leaves aa Haaorable Nam.
In his death the state has suffered a
great loss. Mr. Rosewater was a man
of remarkable ability, courage and energy
and ho has left an honorable name. ne
that has been Interwoven In the history
of this great state.
Worked ta Balld V Nebraska.
The kindly tributes paid to the memory
of Edward Roaewater by the press and
people of the atate Indicate that people
are not entirely blinded by their prejudices
and that men atill love a hard fight and
have not forgetten how to admire an ad
roit and reeourceful enemy. Mr. Rose,
water was In the thick of every Important
olvlo battle In hla state, and made number
less friends and not a few foes. But now
that death has claimed him all men rise
Up and declare that behind all prejudices
and all conflicts there has been a daring
snd Indefatigable brain consistently and
conscientiously working to. build up Ne
braska and bring her to the front.
Ablest la the West.
He was fearless In his editorial utter
ances and Waa recognised as tne apiest
editor In the west. He did much for the
upbuilding of Omaha and Nebraska. Vic
ror Rosewater takes hla father's place as
editor In chief of The Bee, In which he haa
had considerable experience, while his
brother Charles haa for some time been the
able business manager.
Irftaa to Party, Stat Hattoa
The republican party lost a hard worker.
the state of Nebraska one of ber staunchest
friends and the nation one Ot her noblest
editors when E. Rosewater, the founder
and editor of Tha Omaha Bee, fell asleep
to wake no more. We mourn hla loss be
cause he had reached that point In' life
when he waa wont to look with a kindlier
eye and .speak with a more kindly spirit
than when. In the full measure of his
power, he struck without apparent regard
to the effect of his blow, and waa there
fore In a position to do the world even
more good tban he had already done.
Frleada Were Maay.
He had always been an active republican
and he and hla paper had always been
found advocating tho principles of tha re
publican party. He was widely, known
throughout the nation, as welt, very nearly,
as he waa in Nebraska. He had a number
of enemlea that be gained through political
ways, but he had a larger number ot
friends In Jhla state than a good many
otljer men ever will have. Hla demise will
be a loss to the cltisens of Nebraska, and
especially to the cltisens of Omaha, as he
was always advocating something for the
city In which ho lived.
Hoaor to Nebraska.
- Central City Nonpareil.
To recount properly the worka ' and
achievements of Edward Roaewater' would
be to chronicle the history of Nebraska, for
hla career Is so closely associated with the
growth of his state that the two are in
separable. Perhaps no man In Nebraska
had aa many enemlea aa Mr. Roaewater
and yet In the eyes of hla friends he waa
great because Of the enemlea he made.
Equipped with a massive Intellect, an In
domitable will and a ceaseless energy, Ed
ward Rosewater bullded a career that will
be for years to come a monument to his
name and to his state. Doubtless it would
have been better if he had not dipped hla
pen so often in tbe wells of venom and
vitriol but aa tha years pass .this weak
ness will have been forgotten and In the
end men will say: "He waa an honor to
Oaa af Great Editors.
South Omaha Drover's Journal-Stockman.
As one of tbe fast receding line of great
editors who knew every part of the art
of making a newspaper, Mr. - Rosewater
was undoubtedly best known and appre
ciated. Ha had that grasp of events that
made him Instinctively a newspaper man
in the best senae of the word, and what be
lacked in education be made up in native
Intelligence and an almoat unlimited ca
pacity for work. In all the years of his
connection with The Omaha Bea there waa
never a moment when hla guiding band
was hot apparent oa every page of the
Leasoa for Voaaar Mea.
The Bee he made a power for good Snd
through Its columna pleaded for tha cause
of the common people. He waa a man of
determination and one of grit. When he
once convinced himself of tbe justice of a
cause he gave to it his moat earnest sup
port and when he once took a position he
could not be driven from It. A life-long re
publican, he did not hesitate to denounce
members of his own party who betrayed
the people. His life's success should be an
Inspiration to all young men; It points
them the way to success by the- path of
labor, economy ana aooriety.
Took Defeat Like m Soldier.
Wood River Sunbeam. .
All Of hla ambitions, his aspirations and
hla hopes were centered upon the nomlna
tion for United Statea senator the crown
Ing point of a successful life. Defeat
came. Under the strain be bore up wtlL
He took bla defeat like a true soldier. He
waa seemingly stronger In defeat than in.
victory. But those who heard Ms last
speech at tbe atate convention caa now
recall. In a measure, a touch of sadness.
a alight gloomy foreboding of what came
a few daya later. tCdward Roaewater la
dead. But a lasting monument of kls
good deeds lives on forever.
Aatherity aa Kesssalea.
Blue Valley (Seward) Blade.
Mr. Roaewater came to thla country from
Bohemia at the age of IS years. From a
tinsmith's apprentice he achieved the high
position as editor of one of- th great pa
pers of the west. He was sn authority oa
KITS OP WASHINGTON 1.1 FK.
wloar Sreaea til laeldeata thetebed
aa tha 8a.
Francis II. Smith, who died st his boy
hood home in Washington, Conn., recently,
was the first stenographer to report the
proceedings of the t'nlted States senate
verbatim. Besides that unique distinction
he reported tha proceedings of various snte.
bellum political conventions, ss well ss
Important meetings during the stirring
times of the civil war.
Tn ISM, while on bis way to Virginia,
Mr. Smith stopped In Washington to look
In on congress. He had a fair knowledge
of phonography at the time, acquired for
amusement, and Me ability becoming known
to the senators resulted In an offer of em
ployment, which he accepted. In those
deVs there was no Congresslonsl Record
with an exact report of every word utttred
on the floor of each house during the ses
sion. The Globe printed summaries of the
speeches, except when a member turned
In the manuscript of Ms entire speech.
But soon after Mr.- Smith began his work
provision was mode for verbatim reports.
As a sentte stenographer Mr. Smith re
ported many ot the Important speeches of
those days, his first senate work being to
report a speech delivered by ,Zanlel Web
ster. Afterward he haa plenty of expe
rience In taking the Speeches of the great
expounder of the constitution.
Mr. Smith reported the trial by court
martial of the Lincoln conspirators and the
subsequent trial of John H. Surratt after
he had been arrested In Rome and brought
back to the United States. He also re
ported the famous trlsl of General Dan
Sickles for the killing of District Attorney
Key. and took some part In reporting
every other Important trial during that
period. Including a large amount of report
ing In the United States supreme court,
His work covered fully 100 eourt-msrtlal
trials. In 1876 he retired from reporting
snd engaged In business In Washington.
Augustus Riley, T4 years old, a clerk In
the War department, whose salary is ft.ftO
a year, declares he has solved the problem
of economical and healthy living.
For tho last five years his expenditure
for food has been KU a month, or a frac
tion more than 11 cents a day. He de
clares he hss plenty to eat and that his
favorite foods are apples, eggs and rice.
He states that he Uvea well. He Is a
well proportioned, healthy specimen of
manhood. He never takes Intoxicating
liquors and does not use coffee.
Some yeara ago Riley was swindled out
of several thousand dollars and began the
practice of rigid economy. Learning that
life could be sustained with little food, he
has stuck to his system.
"My average expenses every day Is about
11 cents." said Riley, "and 1 have plenty to
eat. The system requires only so much
food and nourishment, and It can be
trained. I sleep as peacefully as a baby.
I walk a great deal.
"I never get hungry. Most people feel
that way when their Imagination runs
away with them. I live on M.tl a month,
and have an Itemised statement to prove
It. My favorite dishes aro apples, eggs and
rice. I avoid meat and Indigestible foods.
They tear up tha vital organs and put them
out of use."
Among the many appointments of the
president that have raised Issues and drawn
" me nomination nve yeara
ago of Benjamin Franklin Daniels for the
omce or L nlted States marshal of Arlanna
The issue raised was whether a man who
naa once been convicted of a crime was a
fit man to b a chief executive officer of
the federal courts. After the appointment
was made and had been confirmed by the
senate it developed that Daniels was the
same Daniels who, in the esrlv davs h-n
Wyoming was a territory, had been charged
With raiding the a-overnment onrr.t .
Camp Carlln. near Cheyenne, with two or
three companions, and stealing a bunch of
mules. He hod been convicted and bad
served a term Id the penitentiary. He is
..ow neiievea to have been the right man
l JVO. J
A Washington artiat. B. oe. t.
Ing strong efforts to seoure a plaster cast
' rresiaeni nosevelt's faoe. The susses.
wvi, um maae and Mra
T I . . . '
nuw iimg wouia it take to m.k. th.
uvui iwrniy minutea." rnn..i .t..
i -a ' - --.. ui-i
setuea.lt." returned Mr.
Roosevelt; "no human power could induce
my husband to remain still twenty mm.
It t mat
M n . .. .
.. ri aaya me lengtn of time at.fw1
was greatly overestimated.
"Y-V. I. , ....
.... ,u.Ki,iB OI in. mask of tha rac
wouia not take more than five mlm.t..
said Mr. Caret, "and would be nrodnn.
of no Inconvenience to the president The
mourn ana nostrils are left to th l..t
and thoae features sre not covered more
toon a fraction or a minute. Moreover.
(,1,111a M.n 1... . . .. .
- inria, insuring easy
breathing even during that abort space of
eiowea away on every ship of the United
States navy, from tucboat tn unnLin.
battleship, la a bundle of flags shoulder
high snd about fifteen feet long. About
half the lot la composed of foreign flags,
wnicn are encased in thick paper baaa
with the name of the country stenciled on
tho end of tbe bag. The remainder, In
cluding those for ordinary use, are not
wrapped, but tied in round bundlea and let
tered. The pile contains 2S0 flags, the reg
ulation numoer eacn ship must csrry
-i ne mating or thla number of flags costs
tne united states t,000 a year, of which
143,000 Is paid for material alone. Each ahlp
naa lony-mrea foreign nags on board con
stantly. These flags are twenty-live feet
long and thirteen feet wide. With theoo
on board the ship is prepared to meet and
show the proper courtesies which naval
etiquette demanda to all nations whose
high officials should come aboard or
whose waters the vessel should enter while
on a cruise.
AS a ship's quota of flags Is renewed
every three yeara. It Is no small Job to
keep enough nags on hand, and to this and
Uncle Sam keeps a large flag making es
tabllshment running at full blast the year
round at the Brooklyn navy yard. Hera
there are nearly 108 skilled needlewomen
working every day of the year except Sun
days snd holidays, cutting the vart-colored
bunting Into strips and sewing and stitch
ing them together la their proper place.
Laved for Eaeaales He Made.
Los Angeles Times.
George L. Sheldon, tho educated farmer
who has been nominated for governor of
Nebraaka by the republicans, can thank
the railroads for the honor conferred upon
hlra. Hi.hu always been opposed to the
railroads," and so Incurred their enmity, but
when the corporate methods of the rail
roads were revested by the recent Invest!
gatlons public sentiment turned toward
Sheldon, and he haa now been honored by
the republican nomination for governor.
Tha "Heaae Folk a" Abroad.
Staid and eooeervstlve cltisens ot Omaha
read with rising wrath clippings from east-
era papers telling about the exploits of Mr.
Dehlmen, "the cowboy mayor of Omaha."
Tha Nebraaka State Journal . thinks that
the mayor's spectacular advertising may
be "likely te disturb confidence down In
How Tork In our civilisation and financial
soundness. Ne matter what the mayor
did. New Terk could . not be convinced
that Omaha waa aat oa "the frontier.
KKRRA8KV rRHSS COMMENT.
Beatrice Sun: One thing Is desd suret
the state fair haa outgrown the village of
Llncole. and the facilities- ot the railroads
leading Into that town to - handle the
thousnnd of people who. attend. Thesa
shortages should be corrected before an
other esr or the attendance St the statt
fair will be affected.
Fremont Tribune:, Can the Bryan hys
teria be kept up for two years t He -ha
sustained himself with remarkable success
In the affections of his party and kept
himself In the public eye aa ne other
private cttlsen has been able to do, mil
will he two years hence get the endorse
ment of aa many states as ne did this yeart
Our guess Is In the sfflmistlve.
Norfolk News: Mr. Bryan does not sua-.
geet how we sre to pay for the rallroadn,
nor how many billions nf dollars we would
ume aa a debt In the purchase, nor
how the State and federal lines are to run
separately and yet Jointly. That Is Imma
terial. The fact Is, according tn his doe
trine, that the government ought to own
the railroads. How to get them and how
to meet a hundred perplexing problems la
connection -with them are superficial de
Stuart Ledger: It the 8tusrt Ledger bag
gone pop, It Is only working along tha
lines of Rosewater, the great republican
editor, who, the day before be died, saldi
'I do not care whether you are demo
crate or republicans, U la your duty to
see that honest men are nominated and
elected. Whenever you find a railroad dom- '
ocrat, down him; whenever you . find a
railroad republican, down him. Vp with,
the people and ' down with the . corpora
tions." Blair Pilot: The Omaha Bee lan't hand
ing sweet-scented bouquets to Candidate
Williams for railroad commlsslonarshlp
and If Williams is elected we will bet a
good hat that In public office he will ba
found Just where Rosewater has Indicated.
Wllliamo played treachery with the Pierce
delegation. It wasn't as much a sellout
of Rosewater aa It was of the republicans
at home, who honored him and told htm
In a public way just how they felt atxfut
the senatorshlp. Benedict Arnold turned
traitor and we all know the story. Wil
liams went over to the enemy there IS a
Fairfield Herald: Watch the aenate. It
requires only seventeen vote In the Ne
braska senate to block legislation, and If
the voters don't watch out pretty sharp
from now until the election the corpora
tions may be able to control the next aen
ate. They will do It If they can. In this,
the Twenty-fifth district, the republicans
have nominated Charles H. Epperson for
a second term.. There will be an effort
made to beat him, for Epperson Is Inde
pendent and can't be used or controlled la
any way whatever by corporations or
trusts, Mr. Epperson Is a coming man
and the fact Is being recognised by the
voters of his district.
Grand Island Independent: It is to bo
hoped that In the enactment of laws look
ing to tho regulation of corporate powers
there will be one made good and strong
for tha effectual prevention of watering
stock. There Is no species of robbery of
the people more certain nor more Insidious
than thla. Whenever one of these high
finance deals is consummated whereby
property worth tl,000,000wis Juggled by soma
promoter into a new corporation and stock
is issued for 12,000,000, the consumer la
compelled to dig up an additional amount '
not only to pay dividends upon twlee tha
real value of the property, but also put
1,000,000 made dollars into the pocket of a
few smooth loafers who never earned an
honest dollar. A very large part of tha
Increased cost of living Is today caused
by these fictitious values put upon cor
porate property, and as in all auch di St
afford It are compelled lo py 'the' WIls.
WHITTLED TO A POINT. '
She Tou remember, dear. ' that S50f you
gave me to put In the bank?
He Good gracious! You haven't rua
through with that, have you?
one (indignantly) certainly not! I nave
nearly $50 left. Town and Country.
"I hear he has broken with ben" '", '
"That's wrong. Ha was broke by her and
when she discovered that fart she broke
with him." Philadelphia Ledger. -
'So von never find fault wltK ir.1.
"1 should say not," answered Mr. Meek
ton. "Wh.n mv m-1 f m nnAn.mm n . ... l
- -. - - - j ...... a. u.iua , j i;w.
1 say everything 1 can to encourage herl"
"Poor Resale! I can't think of him with. -
out a thrill of pity." .
wnat naa Happened to Keggte? '
"He has thrown away hla young affec
tions on an object entirely unworthy of
"Too bad. Who's the object?"
"Himself." Chicago Tribune..
"Tou ladles as a rule ought to drive
well," aald Phunnyman.
"Why ouxht we?" asked . hla fair
i , -, .
BrcsuKe you are auch exoerte In hand.
ling the ribbons." Baltimore American.
"Why are you so sad?'' asked Barnes
"I've been thinking of my mother," re
plied Barrlngton Boothby. "She has Often
told me it would break her heart it I ever
became an actor."
"Cheer up, then, my boy. Her white hsJra
will never be brought In sorrow to the
grave." Chicago Record-Hef aid.
"Will you wait here for the answer?"
asked the telegraph operator In the hotel
loooy, "or anaii I send it up to your room?
"Oh," replied the woman, who had tele
graphed to her husband. "1 guess you'd
better send it to my room, It will take soma
time to get a reply from John; he stutters
oo." Philadelphia Ledger, . t.:::i-
The philanthropic visitor with the-large,
benevolent looking face bad aer'ured- per- '
mission lo address the Inmates of the jail.
"t'ome, Mike," says Bill the burglar, "do
gent wld de swell front la goin' to make
"Make us peach!" exclaimed Mike the
stlckup msn. "I'd like to see do guy wot
kin do dat!" Chicago Tribune.
CORKER Of t HEART., '
Roy Farrell Greene in Smart Set.
One corner of ber girlish heart she yielded
first to me. ;-
And halted there, because the rest wag
occupied, you see,
By tenants who-were kin to Demand who,
as you'll divine, .
Through having dwelt there many yeara
had stronger elslma than wtine.
As slight concession, e'en as this roost
proud was I to win. .
And with affection closely packed, I maa.
aged to move In:
Tet anon I found the quarters cramped, and
with a wooer's art
1 coaxed an added portion to that corner
of ber heart!
- , . .1
I.qtilte forget which one It was my spread
of love displaced . -If
Cousin John's or T'ncle : Will's heart
lodgings were effaced
By this designing move of mine. But some
one. It was pis In.
Loot out while I waa winning the expansion
And yet. the corner thus enlarged had held
me but a day
When, "Some one's got to move!" I vowed,
"we're In each other's way!
Of tenanta here you might transfer to
Memory's pert! -I'll
have to have more room than Just one
corner of your heart!"
The transfer waa arranged, 'and O, the
r'pple of her laugh.
When she avowed, "Tour comer's grown
till now much more than half
My heart you're occupying, deary Toa well
know what that mean ,
That all the other tenanta, now, are
' crowded like sardines!"
"Well more of them will have to move!"
with candor I avowed,
"While those whom you select to Stsy must
still mora eloserv crowd!" '
And move they did (clear cat at laaq
which shows the greedy part
A man will olay If he's allowed ana corner
'ia a heart I
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