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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (July 5, 1906)
THE OMAItX DAILY BKEt THURSDAY, JULY 5, 190(1.
Tiie Omaiia Daily Dee.
E. ROSEWATER EDITOR.
Entered at Omaha Postofrlc a ooid
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THE BEE PUBLI8HINU COMPANY.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
Stat of Nebraska, Dougla County, a.
C C Rosewater, general man" r
i month of Jun. 106. waa aa follow:
s :. 3a,10
Leas unsold cople
Net total sale M3354
Dally average 31,465
C. C BOSEWATKR,
.... General Manager.
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before na this 10th day of June. IPOS.
(Seal) I M. B. Ht'NOATK.
WHEN OUT Or TOWS,
abaerlber leavtasr b city tern
porarlly should ksT The Be
mailed to them. Address will be
ehaaa4 aa oftea aa requested.
That circular saw ballot evidently
turned out to be a buzz saw.
Perhaps son-in-law: will take the
next Fontanelle endorsement.
Governor Cummins la the latest to
proclaim that .there Is nothing to ar
I It win not be possible to "count the
boat" of the Fourth of July until the
doctors' bills are presented.
Russian soldiers ordered not to read
newspapers may be pardoned for be
lieving any story Insurrectionary lead
era may tell them.
The present outbreak of, cholera in
the Philippines will probably make the
most radical insurrectionist an "amlgo"
while the danger lasts.
Ambassador Reld'a chief duty In
London this aeason seems to be to pro
vide a place of rest for distinguished
Americans on their travels.
Col. Bryan's desire to leave the nom
ination for president open until next
year shows that he wants his boom to
escape the chilling frosts of winter.
Now that the Breathitt county mur
der cases have reached the "confes
sion" stage, Kenruckiana may admit
that family feuds are not entirely jus
tifiable. Lincoln has been suffering from a
shortage of water. How fortunate tha.
this calamity did not befall while the
'legislative solqpa were, in session at
the capital. '
' It la said that neither Senator Bailey
nor . William R. Hearst, are In con
tempt of the house by reason of the'lr
verbal pyrotechnics, but it la plain that
each Is In contempt of the other.
Indications are that the guardian
spirit of French Lick springs will be
too busy In Indiana courts to give the
"glad hand" to the world-renowned
democrat who will reach home In Aug
The alleged discovery of a plot at
Seattje to assassinate the Emperor of
Germany may show only that the "yel
low Journalists" and International de
tectlve agencies have formed a com
In some of our cities and towns the
privilege of being the iceman carries
with It some severe responsibilities
tneee days, among them ot paying
fines and serving sentences for violat
ing conspiracy laws.
A deadlock after 1,800 ballots In a
vain endeavor to nominate a legislative
' candidate Is another novelty of the
Iofa campaign. The deadlock bust
cess: however, does not usually work
The school board la aimlag to make
the new Vinton school a model school
lu tiding la all respects. This Is
laudable ambition. Buildings that
house several hundred school children
large part of each day through the
rr should be constructed with spe
cial reference to absolute aafety and
In the light of the returns, the fan
tastic tales sponsored by the senior
Omaha yellow about the consternation
caused by the loop-tho-loop sample bal
lot which was to give the Fontanelle
a victory la the primaries as easy as
rolling oft log are Indeed amusing,
though not much more so than most o
Uat pprV political fakes.
The Baa Publishing company,
worn, ear that the actual number or nm
and complete copies of The Dally, looming.
Evening and Sunday Bee printed during
THK VOlCS or DOVOLAS COVXTT.
Douglas roantr has spoken and In
no uncertain terms. It haa Instructed
Its delegation to the republican state
convention for Edward Rosewater for
United States senator by electing the
solid Rosewater delegation. Although
It was freely predicted that the dele
gation was sure to be divided as a re
sult of factional opposition fortified
with the rotation ballot, the lowest
man on the Rosewater ticket has
nearly 1,000 votes more than the high
est man of the opposition, so that there
can be no dispute or cavil.
The result Is more signal even than
It appears on the surface.
No one not actually In touch with
the conditions presented by the "ro
tation" ballot can appreciate the dif
ficulties and obstructlona set In the
way of a full expression of the will of
the rank and file of the party. That
nearly 4,000 voters should have over
come these obstacles and asserted their
rights in spite of all hindrance testifies
to the determination and loyalty of
Douglas county republicans. That of
those voting two-thirds have recorded
themselves for the Rosewater list of
delegates from top to bottom, to be
sure that every one of the eighty-three
votes allotted to this county in the re
publican state convention be cast for
their preferred candidate for senator,
is proof positive that the sentiment
for Mr. Rosewater for senator in
Douglas county is overwhelming and
widespread. Had the primary elec
tion been conducted so that the aver
age voter could register hla choice
with reasonable ease and precision, the
vote would beyond question have been
half again aa large and the preponder
ant majority for the Rosewater dele
gation still further emphasized.
The result is notice to republicans
throughout Nebraska that Douglas
county will present and give solid
backing to the candidacy of Mr. Rose
water for the convention's endorse
ment and that no other Omaha candi
date will have any following in the
delegation. While this was practically
assured In advance, republicans else
where may now proceed with precise
knowledge of this situation and will
without doubt be strongly impressed
PACKIXQ HOUSES XOT THE WORST.
Immense as will be the Improvement
n meat food resulting from the' new
Inspection law, there is good reason for
believing It will be a small part of the
aggregate benefits flowing from the
agitation in which it originated, since
public opinion and authority are now
urrlng with equal rigor towards the
processes of manufacture and handling
all the common foods.
The very first move ot the Chicago
sanitary inspection service to In
quire into the bakeries has dis
closed conditions which rival the
abuses found in the packing industry
there.' It demonstrates that In the
bread and pastry supply the various
unsanitary practices and surroundings
which startled the public in the official
report of the Chicago packing plants
are duplicated so that sweeping re
forms have already been ordered and
are to be enforced by the local authori
ties which In large part have exclusive
urlsdlctton ot this trade.
Equally bad conditions as to filth
and revolting methods and materials
are aaid to exist in the preparation of
many other food articles of common
consumption, sorqe of which are wholly
or mainly outside of the domain of .na
tional authority, and against which
therefore the public must depend for
protection upon state and local au
thority. The real value of the meat Inspec
tion agitation accordingly Is the im
petus given to demand for publicity
concerning the whole subject and for
sweeping reforms over the whole field
ot food supply. There is already a
pronounced disposition of the public
mind that the meat packing conditions
were made to appear pre-eminently bad
only because they were first exposed,
and that the publicity given them has
already produced salutary reforms In
many other fields.
The fascination of hi ere bigness Is
such in this country that the first im
pulse of many is to credit and almost
to welcome the current newspaper af
firmation of "a bllllob dollar appro
priation." It is an untrue statement,
however, and grossly misrepresents the
facts. It Is true that the total appro
priations at the late session are very
large, footing up $880,183,301, but of
this amount only $741,000,000 Is to be
met out of the revenues of the fiscal
year, which began July K
About $35,000,000. of which $16,-
000.000 la on account of the Pamana
canal. Is deficiencies, or expenses of the
last fiscal year which ended June 30,
while there should be a deduction of
$57,000,000 for the sinking fund,
which Is a matter of aiscretlon with
the Secretary of the Treasury. Other
Items, like $22,000,000 to bo paid out
of deposits of national banks in re
demption of circulating notes, and
$28,458,415 reimbursable to the treas
ury out of Isthmian canal bonds, all
appropriated for, and altogether ag
gregating $139,000,000. are to be de
ducted from the total amount of ap
proprlatlons, - In order to understand
their true nature and effect. It Is
therefore estimated that the current
revenues will leave a surplus of at
least $20,000,000 over the expenses of
the fiscal year now Just begun.
It la noteworthy that tn the care
fully prepared statement, Issued on be
half of the minority party at the close
of the session, not a single Important
authorised expenditure Is criticised or
attacked, but the subject Is dismissed
with the vague general allegation of
"extravagance" against the approprla-
tlons as a whole. , But as the late
Speaker Reed on a notable occasion a
decade and a half ago declared, extrav
agance is a question of items, and not
of total, because if the Items are proper
and necessary the total, whatever It
may be. Is lesltlmete. The partisan
opposition la confronted with the fact
that the main item of Increase have
been forced by such legislation as the
rate control, meat inspection and pure
food acts, which the people of the
United States without regard to party
distinction Imperatively demanded,
and for which the democratic represen
tatives in congress themselves In largo
MR. RRTAX AT LUXDOX
In his Fourth of July address In
London on "The White Man's Burden"
Mr. Bryan was good-natured and con
siderate enough o recommend only
what everybody favors, or at least only
for what it is customary for everybody
in public to declare his favor. It is not
the easiest thing in the world for an
American, whose words will be closely
scanned as in the case of Mr. Bryan,
on the pre-eminent day of national
effervescence, to pick a neutral subject
or to confine himself to sentiments
which will pass muster In a foreign
presence, particularly If it be a British
presence. It is obvious that Mr. Bryan
took no little pains In sorting over his
homilies for such material.
Nevertheless, apart from the mere
matter of convenience, It may be well
occasionally to emphasize, as Mr.
Bryan does, the duty of altruism on
the part of the robust, aggressive and
progressive western nations in dealing
with the decadent or Inferior peoples
In other parts of the world with whom
they are coming every day into more
direct and Intimate relations. It all
comes down to right rather than might
as the true rule. In point of fact,
however, we Americans have not made
so good a fist of it the last three cen
turies In dealing with the Indian and
the negro as to be in very good position
to lecture white mankind in general.
In all such situations It Is generally
deemed prudent not to come within
gun shot of anything practical as Mr.
Bryan was politely careful to do In
drawing plans and specifications for
his London performance.
DISCREDITIXq THE DIRECT PRIMARY.
The worst feature of the "rotation"
ballot outrage inflicted upon the voters
of Douglas county in their primary
election is that it is sure to discredit
the direct primary and to operate as
a distinct setback to primary election
reform, not only here, but throughout
The object of direct primary legisla
tion is to bring the choice of party
nominees closer to the people by en
abling the rank and file ot each party
to express themselves as between as
pirants for nomination. If the direct
primary can be twisted around and dis
torted so7 as to defeat its very object
and confuse and disfranchise the voters
rather than to help them register their
will, advocates of direct primary legis
lation will get a cold shoulder when
they appear before the legislature to
urge their plan upon representatives of
other counties and especially of rural
The direct primary is in a great
deal more danger from its false friends
than it is from Its open enemies. If
the people are disgusted with it where
It is tried, those who are reluctant
about making an experiment will be
all the more apprehensive about it and
those who have opposed It constantly
will have another club put In their
hands to help them beat It back. In
a word the direct primary law. which
in Nebraska was enacted for Douglas
county alone In order to prove Its
beneficence to the remainder of the
state, is in danger of having exactly
the opposite effect, not because of any
Inherent defects, but because of per
Over in Iowa the laws enacted by
the last legislature go into effect this
week. In that state bills passed with
the emergency clause must be given
publicity by newspaper advertising be
fore it goes Into effect so the people
may know what the provisions are,
while the other laws passed without
the emergency clause are published
In book form before they take effect.
Some such arrangement as this ought
to be adopted by Nebraska, where fre
quently new laws go Into operation be
fore the people affected by them
have any opportunity of finding out
what they really are.
When the decision was handed down
at the instigation of the Fontanelles
inflicting the voters with the rotation
ballot, The Bee pointed out the only
remedy within reach, which was to re
sent the outrage and rebuke its per
petrators by electing the Rosewater
delegates at whatever cost of time and
effort. This advice must have struck
the popular chord.
Starting on the Fourth of July, Sec
retary Root may be able to carry the
spirit bf responsible independence
through South America, but he will
remember that the American Fourth ot
July has claimed more victims than the
average South American revolution.
The local democratic organ takes
great comfort in what It thinks are
signs that the republican party la dis
integrating and sure to split as the
democratic party split ten years ago
In this case, however, it is the wish
that la father to the thought.
The Water board lawyers naturally
want to appeal the decision in the
water rate case up to the United States
supreme court. But Omaha'a expert
ence with aupreme court litigation
teaches that the path ! long -and
devious. The quickest way to settle
the question of water ratea would be
to hurry up the appraisement of the
water plant so that the city can either
take over the works itself or force the
water company to satisfactory terms.
The prospects are good for Douglas
county taking In $100,000 for the road
fund from the inheritance tax when
payments are made on estates now
pending settlement. Douglas county
will soon have as fine a system of
roadways connecting all parts of the
county as Is to be found anywhere If
this money Is wisely spent in pursuance
of some definite plan.
The month ot June, 1906, shows an
increase of nearly 10 per cent In the
births recorded In Omaha as compared
with the same month la9t year. If
Omaha could keep up this gait a 2 50,
000 population Is sure to come in a
not too distant time.
Perhaps members of the Russian
cabinet would be pleased to retire, but
the trouble eems to be to find men
willing to serve as targets for the
duma, for there Is no telling when the
scream of the bomb will succeed the
roar of the orators.
Now thp.t San Francisco policyhold
ers have started suits against insur
ance companies, the relative damage
of fire and earthquake in the disaster
will be legally established if an un
prejudiced judge and Jury cau be se
cured. Half the republicans of Douglas
county were disfranchised by the "ro
tation" outrage. Just picture what the
result of the primary would have been
had every voter been accorded a full
and free expression of his will.
Experience for the Asking.
"We know how to accumulate wealth,
but not how to distribute It," nays Ben.
ator Elklns. There are hundreds of young
men who would be glad to give the senator
the benefit of their experience In that line.
Knows a Good Thin at.
It la evident that France did not pay
serious attention to tha prediction that
congressional legislation and the activity
of muckrake would bring ruin to Ameri
can Industries, else France would not have
been so eager to Invest It dollars on this
side of the pond.
The Limit la Politeness.
Justice Brewer of the United States su
preme court recently aaid: "Becretary'Taft
I the politest man alive. I hear that re
cently he arose In a street car and gave
his seat to three women." It will have to
be admitted that the man who does such
a noble thing must be the possessor of
Record of a. Great Congress.
St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
Except tn tha first congress of rebellion
days, that which met under Lincoln's call
on July 4, 1861, no session ot any congress
since that which opened at Waahlngton'
Inauguration in 17&a placed so many meas
ures of Important constructive legislation
on the statute book as did the session
which ended Baturday.
Vncle Bans' Balance Sheet.
The United States treasury close the
fiscal year with a surplus ot 225,000,000, a
against a deficit a year ago of almost the
same proportion. The Increaae In cus
tom receipts largely accounts for the dif
ference, exceeding as they do thoae of the
preceding fiscal year by $40,000,000. Internal
revenue receipt have been 117.000.000 more
than In the twelve month before. Expen
diture this year and last have run singu
larly close together, the difference being
less than 22,000.000.
MR. ROOSEVELT'S BEST WORK.
Vigorous Enforcement of lawi Al
ready on the Statute Book.
New York World (dent.).
Mr. Roosevelt would be more than human
If he could CQnoeal hi elation over the
achievement of a congress that ha evi
denced almost phonographlo fidelity to the
wishes of the president. The sentiment of
the country 1 undoubtedly la acoord with
him in praising congreae for what It has
done concerning which Mr. Roosevelt
might aay, "All of which I saw and a great
part of which I waa."
But the president In hi exultant procla
mation waa restrained by modeaty perhaps
from calling attention to what historians
are likely to regard aa the beat work of
hi administration not legislation, but the
progress made in enforcing law already
on the statute book.
Congress baa for. twenty year been mak
ing laws to restrain organised wealth and
will be paaalng new law along the same
line for decade te come, but Mr. Rooae
velt la the first president to make a con
siderable progress In the matter of en
forcing this legislation.
In replying to a senate resolution At
torney Moody haa laaued a statement show
ing that under tha Elkin anti-rebate law
the Department of Justice ha already ob
tained thirty-six indictment and nine con
victions, with only two acquittals and three
cases nolle prossed. In view of the fact
that It haa been hardly more than a year
since the administration began to make
serious efforts to enforce this law, a really
great work haa been accomplished. If tha
president continues this vigor it will be
matter of only a few months before he
will have destroyed the Iniquitous rebate
system root and branch.
The rebate rase represent but ona set
of activities. Only a few day ago Mr.
Moody began more than thirty suit against
railroad companies for violating the aafety
appliance law. an act which haa been virtu
ally a dead letter. Tha cases are not per
haps of the first importance, but they re
veal a healthy determination to execute
law regardleaa of tha wealth of the de
fendanta, The aame thing must be said of
the administration's campaign against the
Paper trust, tha Drug trust and the Fertl
By relentless prosecution of rich offender
Secretary Hitchcock haa all but destroyed
tha business of stealing government land
The Poatofnos department haa pursued
Burton until he haa been at last driven
out of the United States senate and Is In a
fair way to go to prison. Ia the railroad
rata matter. In the Investigation of the coal
road by the Interstate Commerce commis
sion, in tha Investigation of tha packing
houses. In tha preparation for prosecuting
the Standard Oil company, tha edmlnlatr.
tlon haa ahown a spirit that Is not dls
mayed by the power of organised capital.
The president la actuallslng the "square
deal" which makes every man equal before
Even Mr. Roosevelt' blttereet opponent
could not minimi the healthful Influence
upon public, sentiment ot these activities
A WARIIIO TO FARMERS.
Lesson of Land Speculation, "l et Well
Under the title, "The Wild iJind t'r.nxe."
Robert O. Markay presents In folller's
Weekly seasonable and suggestive advice,
emphasising his conclusions with fact
from the melancholy history of farmer lsnd
erase. "Let well enough alone" Is his
warning signal. "If you have 'a good farm
don't be anxious to leave It and follow
the gilded promise of the lsnd agent as
th moth follow the flame. While citing
Iowa aa an example, the fact apply with
equal force to farmers In Nebraska and
adjoining Mate. "Pome Iowa farmers were
rich, contented and harpy." say Mr.
Mackny, referring to former booms; "they
were blessed with abundant crop their
granaries bursting with corn and "whetU.
and they had cattle and sheep upon a
thousand hill. They had money out ot
Interest and stored In banks and safety
vaults, waiting for profitable investment.
They were the hnpplest, most contented
people to be found In our broad don'aln.
"It wa then the tempter came and spread
out before these simple, thrifty formers
the alluring bait of cheap lands and large
profits. Idle money In time grows restless
congested money break Its bound peri
odically. Just where It will drift no man
can tell it may be real estate, the Klon
dike or Wall Rtreet stocks. Let It once
break Its bound. It spread out in a reck
less fashion, uncontrolled by argument or
men past experience. The Iowa news
paper were paid well for advertising the
land schemes, nnd circular were mailed to
the chief towns to whet the appetite, with
the desired result that the farmer became
land hungry, the banker became land hun
gry. Master minds were among the land
promoters, and. the banker once in the
tolls, the great body of the prosperous
farmer would be an easy prey.
Iowa lands had been purchased, years
before, for a mere song, and the farmers
knew how rapidly their lands advanced In
price; crop waa added to crop till men sud
denly found themselves rich. Is It any
wonder that cheap land were an alluring
bait to men with such an experience be
hind them? 'Cheap land.' 'wild lands."
waa the cry; and the land sharks had a
supply of million of acres of very cheap
lands, very wild land. All the way from
Wisconsin to far western Canada large
bodies of land were extolled In dulcet tone
that charmed the listeners and won the
attention of the Iowa people. It was a
music to the ears of the easy speculators
that were In evidence all over Iowa. The
price of land ranged all the way from 75
cents to 110 per acre, but these lands were
not the rich acres of loam that gave fame
and riches to Iowa. Men did not stop to
Investigate; It was not Intended they
should Time was limited; the flood was
carrying people on to the rainbow land of
the country, later on known as 'get-rlch-
qulck' land. It was a harvest for the
lumber barons of Wisconsin and Michigan.
Cut-over stumpage was at last to be hoisted
on an unsuspecting people; and vast tract
of swamp lands, for years the paradise of
the polsy frog and sandhill crane, were
now to be sold to the syndicate and re
tailed by them at enormous profits to the
small dealer. The scheme was a long
time hatching; It wa now tipe. The rail
road were carrying thousands Into Wis
consin, Dakota and tha Canadian north
west; trains were crowded to their utmost
capacity such was the curtain raiser to a
drama and tragedy that. In Its last act,
brought sorrow and death to many happy
home in Iowa.
"Since the day of Klondike tn '97, no
stampede ha surpassed the mad rush of
these land-hungry men. The day of awak
ening came, which waa more rapid and
deadly In Its work of demoralisation than
the building of a boom. The former work
lowly Into confidence, the latter drop a
with a paralytic stroke that cause stupe
faction bordering on Insanity. The wild
lands that had been sold on easy payment
paper with straw men on the notes, the
mortgage and the agreement these were
In turn sold to the bank. Here wa a non
producing asset on almost worthless lands.
The true character of these lands was
practically unknown to the bankers; specu
lation was running at such a pace that the
bankers showed about as little Judgment
as the mass of the people.
"I was never in a boom yet that banks
were not more or less Involved and fre
quently the heaviest loser. Farms that
never carried a mortgage before, in all the
years past, were mortgaged by Iowa farm
er In order to get Into the chase after
wild land. It' hard to write this of the
staid, conservative farming class, but It's
true. The day of reckoning came, and It
was a cruel awakening, carrying with it
th lesson that the slow, conservative
course of building a fortune Is the winner.
The bank paper was due, and who wa to
meet It? In most case the men had van
ished and th land wa worthies. The
banks, one after another, began to cloee
their door. The final climax waa that forty
banks failed In Iowa In one year with lia
bilities of tll.000.000 and no less than eight
bank officials committed suicide a record
never before reached In Iowa. I do not
claim that all this loss of. life and money
was chargeable to the mad speculation in
wild lands speculation In stocks added to
the disaster but the chief cause was the
wild land erase. Iowa has rich and bound-
lea recuperative powers, and In a few,
year aha will make good her losers, and
the severe lesarms her people have learned
will not have been tn vain."
People are Justified in scoffing at the In
sanity dodge of criminals. In the present
New Tork case, however, experts claim
there I reaaon for it. Th Pittsburger
curled his moustache.
W. E. Henry, who ha been for nine
years librarian of the Indiana state library
and made It one of the best of It kind In
th country, 1 to become librarian of the
University of Washington at Seattle.
Makers of artificial Ice In St. Louis re
mind their patron with congealed pathos
that the unexampled greed of coal dealer
compelled them to put up the price of Ice.
It' a mighty poor excuse that won't lubri
cate a clrch.
William T. Vernon of Kansas City, the
new registrar of th treasury, has been
given the degree of LL. D. by Wilberforce
university of Xenla, Ohio, an Institution
under the supervision of th African Metho
dist Episcopal church.
Secretary Root haa selected W. T. Sher
man Doyle, an attorney of Washington,
to accompany him to South America as his
secretary. He la a fluent speaker of the
Spanish language and assisted In the de
termination of the American claims against
There are twenty-flv working Journalists
In th British House of Commons besides a
dozen who have retired from newspaper
work. Eight of them find time to act In
an editorial capacity In addition to their
Parliamentary duties. They are no mere
figurehead editor either, for they Include
such men a th ever-energetle T. P.
O'Connor, Kelr Hardle, who produces "The
Labor Leader;" Dr. Macnamar, the leading
light of "The Schoolmaster." and Harry
Marks, who edits and owns a daily financial
paper. Of th Irish party, nine maintain
thm.ii by newspaper work, and on.
Mr. Veagtt. ' Urn held a seat la ta
to Dank On
mouth. It Is sold la two-pound packages, honest weight, aad
a package, easily prepared, will make yon 12 pounds ot creamy,
white load, never sticky or lumpy. Twelve pounds ef tha ordinary
10 cant ready U serve food usually costs you about L32 Kat
PLilabury's. The delicious, nourishing, white heart of the wheal
berry that's aTL Mo secret process, and than bank the
difference vis (ILK).
Sensible people are Dot willing to trifle
with th quality of their food.
sure ef its quality whan it is
il JlBrJUJJlJUalWJl tJH vm
Borne Restrictions Based on Langnnave
With some excellent feature the natural
ization bill has gone to the prsldrnt for
approval, with the provision that no for
eigner who cannot spenk English shall !
admitted to American cltltenBhlp. The
knowledge of the langunge of a country lx.
of course, very useful; but It Is absurd j
pretend that a man cannot be a good cltl
len without such attainment. There are
mills in Pittsburg In which the English
language Is hardly heard spoken once in a
wrrk. How are the foreign-born work
men In these mill to acquire sufncliT.t
knowledge of English to qualify themselves
for American citizenship? Many a fore'gn
born Inhabitant familiar with all the learn
ing of the sages has been at war with
the king's English all his life, hut he can
not be admitted to cltiaenshlp under this
bill with a glib fellow who has leurn'-d to
talk English, like a parrot.
Not much more than a generation ago a
language known as "Pennsylvania Dutch"
was alone spoken or understood in some
portion of this state. Were the "Penn
sylvania Dutch" untlt for American citizen
ship? That is what some of their degen
erate descendants seem to think. The other
day the house passed a bill to nil m It into
the union the territory of New Mexico,
most of whose native Inhabitants are j
Ignorant of the English language that in
terpreters are required in nil official ami
Judicial proceedings. But In the estimation
of the house that passed this naturalization
bill the New Mexicans, who are totally
Innocent of English, possess complete quail
ficatlons for citizenship, while Italians and
Hungarians are to be debarred from nat
uralization If they have not been able to
acquire the art of speaking English. The
truth Is that this provision springs from tho
same spirit of nattvlsm that dictated tho
anti-Immigration bill that ha fallen in the
house of It friends.
CHANCB FOR PI RE FOOD.
Effective Checks on Adulteration Pro.
vided by Law.
New York Tribune.
Th pur food law aa Anally enacted com
bines many of the best features of the sen
ate and house measures and eliminates
most of the loopholes to which attention
was called while the question was under
discussion. The house provision Is adopted
adding cocaine, heroin, chloroform, chloral
hydrate, acetanllld and some other sub
stances to the senate's list of Ingredients
of remedies the quantities of which must
be stated on the label. A the senate re
quired this statement only concerning al
cohol and opium and Its derivatives, a great
improvement in the bill passed as a safeT
guard against the stimulation of drug hab
it Is evident. At the same time the house
amendment, which, while making this ad
vance, left open the door to the use of al
cohol In patent medicine by allowing It to
be present without declaration in the
quantities regularly prescribed as a solvent
or preservative Is eliminated. After this
legislation becomes effectlva, therefore, the
use of these drugs even in the minutest
quantity'in patent medicines must be made
All drugs, under this law, must conform
to the standard of the pharmacopoeia, or
else be plainly labeled a of a different
standard, and they will be regarded .m
mlsbranded If any statement concerning
their character Is false. Food products
will also be considered as' mlsbranded If
any false statement Is made upon the pack
age as to their character or place of origin,
or any misstatement aa to their weight.
Borne criticism haa been made of the elim
ination from the act of the house provision
that the secretary of agriculture should de
termine standards for various articles, and
that on application of the manufacturer an
article complying with the standard might
bear the label, "United States Standard."
We doubt, however. If this Is really a dis
advantage. The act Itself prescribes the
standards and calls upon the Department
of Agriculture to make analyses and order
the prosecution of all who fall to observe
the law. The secretary's standards con
cerning the use of preservative In food
"Are your bowels regular?" He
knows that daily action of the bowels
is absolutely essential to health. Then
keep your liver active and your bowels
regular by taking small laxative doses
of Ayer's Pills. Just one pill at bed
time is enough, just one.
Wc have no secrets! We publish
the formulas of all our medicines.
Mad g Ike . O. Aye O.. tVeveU. Has.
ATTB'S III nOOB-Var th hair.
PUlsbnrrr' Best S. X ltr
Breakfast Food sw
ab) ct yem re frat money la
the bank, and at the same
time a delicious (bod Into your
a t iixwvri2jjjri
might be made the excuse for evading th
law. Likewise hi brand might be used a
the beef 'Inspection label has been used,
for advertising purposes, though the goods
manufactured for the nmrket were Inferior
to the samples submitted for Inspection.
Anyhow, the validity of the standards set
by the secretary of agriculture would have
to be tried out In tho courts, and It is
probably Just as well to go back to the law
itself for the standards.
If the provisions of this law are strictly
enforced It should prove adequate to stop
at least the great bulk of the adulteration
of foods and drugs. The chief anxiety of
those who hope for relief from the deceit
which faces them at every turn and makes
them almost despair of getting what they
pay for Is lest th" act be not adequately
enforced. Puhllc opinion should be awake
on this subject to support the Department
of Agriculture In Its Investigation and to
Insist that retail dealers shall so far a
possible safeguard their patron and re
fuse to handle goods concerning which
there Is any doubt. With a good law te
back him the consumer can do a great deal
to put down the evils of adulteration. If
he I not Interested, the complaints of th
chemist are likely to receive only perfune
tory attention from prosecuting officers.
j LINES TO A LAKill.
I "I wouldn't he surprised." said the Arctlo
explorer, "to se the automobile Introduced
here some day."
i "Don't believe It." replied the wise native,
i "the faithful dog of these parts will con
tinue to be the Esklmotor." Philadelphia
! "I see that our eolleoirue hns changed his
opinion." said the statesman.
"I don't think he has changed his opin-
' Ion." answered Senator Sorghum. "He
merely tlnds It expedient to express a dif
ferent view of the subject." Washington
"What are you laughing at?"
I "See thl box? I'm on my way to get a
dozen husky bees for my mother-in-law.
Ch. Utm thm rhniimall.tn ' I I vein n n
Charitable Visitor You astonish me. Mra.
Dooley, when you say your husband gets
drunk and beats you. He told me that hi
was on the water wagon.
Mrs. D. Sure, and that don't kape hlra
from the drink, ma'am. He drives a street
sprinkler. Ealtlmore American.
"I hear such ound In the summer night,:
said the romantic young poet, "that I can
not sleep for listening to them. There seemi
to be eternal barriers between my soul ana
Its slumbers." v
"I guess it's the caterwauls on the bach
fence," suggested the practical friend.
i Father There is one thing I don't like
about that young man of yours. Mmdy.
Daughter What Is that, father?
Father There does not seem to b
much get-up-and-go about hlra. Balti
' Bomerville Journal.
Johnny saved his money for the JoyouJ
(Johnny was a patriotic boy).
To have a celebration In the good old
' fashioned way.
' Little thinking whom he might annoy.
, Being very prudent, and earning all hi
When the day before the Fourth had
Johnny found himself three-dollars-sixty to
"Gee:" said he, "I'll make
Johnny bought some firecracker seven
Bought some Roman candles snd a can.
Bought him a toy pistol (didn't know 'twas
Bought some rocket, filled with golden
Bought a lot of cartridges! a detonating
Bought some powder for his father's gun.
When at last the long-awaited holiday had
"Now," said he, "we'll have
Johnny celebrated In the good old-fashioned
Started with a bang soon after four,
Singed his eyebrows off at ten, but th
Perhaps In course of time he'll have some
Burned his Angers bad at twelve, showed a
lot of sand,
Kept on banging Just the same, but whn
He set a cannon cracker off at six and held
It in his hand
The celebration stopped
AYIk'S CEERRT PXCTORAL-Foc eor.
AIBJt'i AGUBCU&U-Foi nalan a afa.
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