Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, April 29, 1906, EDITORIAL SECTION, Page 6, Image 14

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An de
is a
Why should your piano remain silent
when riavers are nold at such low
prices as we are selling them? Mere
are soma sample prion on the "KIN'O
('in- Mahogany Pianola ...... 1'
Mini Midden Oak Pianola $126
Mini Walnut Pianola $!
Diifi Walnut Pianola Jir.0
Una Ebony Pianola Il6
Other makes of Players at less than
cost to close thorn out from $W up.
Any of the above on terms of $10.
down and ! per month: Our Circulat
ing Library makes the music inexpen
sive. Investigate our three new'
"Homo Musln. Library" contracts, by
which you run make a Urge purchaso
of music on eaiy payments for any
kind of Player.
Fay a visit to our "Aeolian Dept."
Schmoller & Mueller Piano Co.
1311 and 1HS Karnani Street.
Tel. Douglas l2!i.
DR. J. C. Wilaon, Pro
franr of" Medicine, Jef-
ferton Medical College,
tayi i "The moderate ute of
Sound Beer not, in my
opinion, injurioui to the health
of adult persona, especially when
taken with tooAc It a an agree
able beverage and haa limited food
value. SToai Btu it the cm
bodiment of thedoctor'a idea of
sound beer. Itaaualityand purity
are beyond queatnn. 1 ry it. A10
gAurT- VlsMTsfafrl
tad Begin Your' Treatment Now
Dr. LIcGrev, Specialist
And all weaknesses and disorders of me.
Charges Lata Than All Othara.
Treatment by mall. Call or write.. Bom
?. Offices 116 South Fourteenth B treat.
imua, i eo.
asvae tae eaese sea aaatata eetnre at
M aalunU fuaoUoaa, TBT THBaL
Tka Ma Kalikt-Crar laaalf 0,
Calorta Struts. Calm. '
Evory Woman
uuMiwid -vna nouin know
B l-lltC Ilia Mn4.rll
MARVEL Whirling Spray
'mrw ''' yrt. jwn.
Mb Moat ronnlnt
ll 0 UmmiIj,
a ror aartai a.
It lia -annut auppIT th
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pihtr. but Mnd aim for
llluatrai4 book Itttna
fail inieulaniaiid lirriinr in.
luixiio lail'ea, Mlklkl. '.. W
For Bu by
lata aa4 Uodaa bu
For Kldnt and Bladder TroubUs
lA 24 Hours
Each Cap-
aula bearafMIBYl
the luLnietV vlLX
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For aala
by all drucrinta.
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cures CONIIftkETiON
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Vtlkl ass vEtkaftt, aUra aa4 mkun lull
ital eri!. isi es trial. Call er arils la Ires
ftk, seat tealoa. tlauj. HVMKOCO..
Mill 4U1 kUtl iuunji.
.- '"' .wn 'w.
s-rYARt.ti'A1r i "1,
. aa a.
lfemoriali of the Old Ean Francisco in
Path of the Haroes.' '
Dnabt If th nohvrt Ioala Stfain
lloaa lanat-la tht Bear Fla
Safe that Flew Over t all
forala. Repoblle.
As tha newa of the Fnn Francisco dis
aster cornea in there occurs lo tha mind
more and more Uilnns which cannot
be replaced, and which must have
gone down with the aenoi-al ruin. An lrre-
jxirablo loss waa the destruction of the
great Sutro library of old hooka. This wag
stored In two divisions, one In the 1'pham
hulldin-f, at Pine and Battery streets, and
one in a building; at Montgomery and
Washington streets. '
Knrly In his career Sutro developed a
hobby of otdi books, and conceived the Idea
of collertlns;. a great .library of 't he,m. For
ten years he,and his agctris boiarht all oypr
tho world. 1 Although he was imposed upon
by H great tnnny forgeries' and acquired
rnuch that wis valueless, he mri srme
fortunate purchases, and his wholesale
method of buying enabled him to get a
great ileal of gold along with the-dross.
' For example, in ISSfi. or therehauots,
Bavaria confiscated the property of the
Catholic monasteries In the kingdom.
Their books were lumped Into one great
lot, and Sutro bought them all, Includ
ing thousands of manuscripts dating back
before the ng of printing, which have
never come under the notice of scholars.
In the same way,' when the Mexican gov
ernment discovered a forgotten coljectlon
of books, memorials, diaries and manii-
serlpt.s hearing upon the early history of
California and Lower California, espeelaly
the mission period In the boundaries of
the- present t'nlted States, he bought them
all. This collection, from which ts was
prophisied the true history of the old
Pacific coast would some day be written.
was never evon taken from ita boxes. He
had a standing order with Qunrltch for
certain lines of books, and he was willing
to pay anything for what he wanted. In
the end, the collection reached a total of
about 225.000 volumes.
When It had grown to that slxe, Sutro
brought a bookman named Moss from the
British museum, and had him make a be-
glnlng of classifying and cataloguing tt.
Moss began to straighten It out, but he had
worked only a year when he died. In 1S90
Sutro died also. ,
The naneroft IJbrary.
There was also the Bancroft , library.
which had lately been bought for the Uni
versity of California by state funds and
private subscription. Until lately this has
been left In its old quarters In the. Mission,
a district which was swept by , the fire.
It was a wooden building. It Is possible
that the library had been taken over to the
University of California at Berkeley, and
In that case It was safe. . There Is no way
now of learning whether this was done or
not. .
The Bancroft library was gathered by
Hubert Howe Bancroft, and bore mainly
upon, the history of California and the far
west In their early mining times and the
period bf Spanish occupation. Although
not 'large, it was complete and valuable
and more useful In writing, the history of
California than . all other original sources
put together. It Included a great number
of historical documents, such aa proclama
tions, early newspapers and manuscript
reminiscences.. Among the papers were the
diary of a member of the famous Donner
party which suffered ao terribly In the
attempt to get over the mountains In
the early days, the journals, In manuscript,
of some of the' early Spanish explorers,
and many volumes of personal reminis
cences bearing on the times of '49,- written
at his request by pioneers. Much of value
to the "book collector, aa well as to the
The Stevenson Relics.
Most of the relics of Robert Louis Stev
enson may have gone by the board. Here
again there is uncertainty. The house of
his widow stood or stands on the summit
of Russian Hill. Both sides of this hill
were burned over in different runs of the
Are, but the fate of the summit is not
known. In this house were Stevenson's
books, the old furniture of the Balfour
and Stevenson families, which he ued aa
a boy, a lot of his private papers, paint
ings and statuary given him by men emi
nent In the arts, and a great many objects
which he had gathered in his wanderings
through the South aeaa. '
The Stevenson house stood on a shoulder
of Russian Hill, so that It had three stories
on one side and one on the other. Below it
dropped Hyde street, ao steep that a team
could not use the pavement; and the Hyde
street cable cars in taking the hill made a
Journey which seemed perilous to any one
not used to the ways - of San Francisco
street cars. Below this was the bay.
In a corner of the living room of this
house was a kind of Stevenson shrine. Over
the fireplace appeared the Balnt-Gaudens
medallion, done in bronce; the furniture
near by was that which Stevenson had
used in his Scotch home, and Just across
the room long leaded windows on two
sides gave a panorama of the bay and the
gate. All the atrange craft which go out
of the gate , in the Paclfio passed under
those windows. The Stevenson monument
stood in the middle of Portsmouth squans.
As It was low and with a 'heavy pedestal, it
probably came through all right. Steven
son's old rooms in the Latin quarter, which
had been kept aa a kind of memorial, were
beyond a doubt destroyed. ,
Aa Earthquake Freak.
Mission Dolores, according to the re
ports, stands. This Is a freak of the earth
quake. The mission was built of sun-dried
adobe, had been propped and repaired Sev
ern! times and was generally considered
so frail that services were held, In It only on
anniversaries. According to one dispatch,
the modern church next door suffered more
than the old mission. "
Since the fire swept Telegraph Hill, It
must have taken the Church of Hts. Peter
and Paul, the church of the Italian fisher
men. Here, as In Italy, were little boats
all about the altar votive offerings from
fishermen who had escaped perils on the
sea. The wharf of the Italian fishermen
was on North Beach, where, according
to the late reports, some of the docks suf
fered.. It that went by tha beard it took
Dr. Lyon's
Tooth Povider
Cleanses and' beautifies the
teeth, and purifies the breath.
Used by people of refinement
tor over a quarter of a oentuiy.
Convenient for tourist a.
rowr -trprrtv TtrTh"
These fishermen were Neapolitans, with a
sprinkling of Oreks. They "brotiarht ever
with them their customs and costumes and
their own methods of boat construction.
These people refused to be Americanised
Not rim the Chinese were fnore conserva
tive shout their own customs.
Their boats are a delight the lateen rig
of the Mertlterranesn, fixed on gaudy hulls.
The sails they stained a rich brown. They
had an' enclosed ,wharf on. North Beach,
and when the fleet was In port these boats
rose In rows on all four side of the whsrf,
singing' to themselves with the creaking of
their ' cordage. In the early morning the
fleet would creep through the mists of dawn
and Ban Francisco people who loved the
beauties of the bay used to rise early to
watch them come Into the wharf and un
load their red rock cod, their big salmon,
king of' the river mouths, their boxes of
silver sardines. The Chinese fish venders
came down to bargain with them by signs,
and the wharf was alive with color. The
fishermen wore their native costumes -gaudy
shirts, sasher high boots and Tarn
O'Shanter caps with big pompons. They
are big, hardy end handsome men and
they made' pictures ss they dragged out
the fish or cleaned their brown "nets" at
trieserearly mo'rnlhit. market. They 'lived
ln"'thelr boats. After the fish were ojt
they ised to' light oil stoves In the' holds
and cook their meals right there. One or
two restaurants which they frequented
when they took Ihclr Fridays off in port
were pieces of Nnplei until the tourists
found them and spoiled them.
Rrarr Fishermen.
These fishermen are hardy sailors, ven
turing far out toward the Farallones in
their little boats. Once they served the
Americans well In a disaster.. On the morn
ing of AVashlngton's birthday, inol, the Pa
cific steamer Rio do Janeiro tried to come
Into the gate at 4 o'clock while there was
a ' thick fog. A flood in the rivers had
changed the currents In the night; the pilot
went wrong, and the Rio tore Its bottom
out on a reef so close to Fort Winfleld
Scott that the light on the fort flashed
In the eyes of the men. on the brdlge. A
heavy ebb tide carried It out toward the
sea and it sank with all on board. There
Is a life-saving' station only a mile further
on, but that night, of all nights, there was
in tho lookout above the fort a stupid
surf man, who did not understand the pro
longed whistling of the steamer. So the
life savers-slept through it all. .
But through the mist came the Ashing
fleet, loaded down. The fishermen ran into
the wreckage, saw what had happened,
threw their fish back into the sea and
cruised about, picking up the crew and
passengers. They brought in with . them
more than 100 persons who must have
drowned but for their prompt aid. A hun
dred and twenty others were lost.
In the Home of the Exempt Firemen on
Portsmouth, square were the relics and
documents of the first vigilantes, who in
1851 cleaned out the "Hounds" and the
'Sydney Ducks." The relics of the second
and more famous committee, that of 1KH5,
were In Pioneer hall, which Is down. There
was a lot of other valued relics there.
The one single object which Californlans
will be most sorry to lose was the "bear
flag." In 1848 an abortive California re
public was founded by Americans at So
noma. On the plaza of that town they
raised a crude flag made by their women
and displaying the figure of a bear. The
republic lasted only a few months; a little
later, at San Juan Baptlsta, Fremont nailed
the American flag to a pine tree; but the
raising of the bear flag was regarded as
the act of American occupation and the
bear became the state emblem. This flag
was carefully kept and was brought out
only on great occasions. There is a dim
hope that the vaults In which It waa locked
preserved It.
Almost all the relics of the days of gold
must be gone, except a few which were in
the Golden Gate Park museum.
Romance Burned Down.
Everything In San Francisco had a ro
mantic history; it went with the, climate.
An old business block at Montgomery and
California had been down and up before,
In the early days, when they got ready
to make the city permanent, they found
that there was no building stone to be
had. They solved it by bringing from
southern China shiploads of granite. The
first order, "stone enough for a three-story
building," waa a puzzle for the Chinese.
To be sure they had the order filled right,
they built in China a stone building of
the dimensions mentioned in tha specifica
tions, took it down and shipped it across
the Pacific. This used to hold the Adams
Express company. ,In the early days a lot
of powder blew up In the basement. It did
many things to the surrounding buildings,
but never disturbed the structure of the
Chinese stone cutters. - The Nlantlc build
ing, at Clay and Sansome, waa named
after a - vessel that waa wrecked there
when the water came up to that point.
Sheds were built over it, and the decks of
the Nlantlc became the floor' of a store.
When they tore the sheds down they took
away most of the wreckage, but left the
foremast of the Nlantlc, which became a
part of a new building. So went the tales
up and down Montgomery, Kearny and
Battery streets.
On Sansome street, where the fire trav
eled fast on the first day, the Alaska Com
mercial company had a beautiful collec
tion of Alaskan objects which it haa been
gathering ever since It went Into the
north.. Irreplaceable are their lost Ivory
carvings, the ancient work of the Alaskan
Indiana. New York Bun.
"Mamma,' said the little boy, who had
Just found out that he liked doughnuts, "I
want another hole with a cake around it."
"Come, dear, said his mother, pointing
to the silvery crescent In the sky, "and
look at it. It's the same old moon."
Taint, nuther." be said, still sulking
This one's broke!"
' The parson waa talking to little Elmer
about his habits and asked what time be
was usually called for breakfast. ,
"They don't have to call me." answered
Elmer. ' Tm always Johnny-on-the-spot."
Ma Twaddle Tommy Twaddles, what
do you mean by cursing and swearing In
that, horrible manner at that little boy?"
Tommy Twaddles Well, ma, he was
maktn' fun- of our churchl
That's an awfully rude letter." said lit
tle Elsie, pointing to the letter "Q."
"Why do you say that, dear?"' asked her
"Cause," explained Elsie, "it's always
stlcVln' its tongue out."
Mr.' Tltewodd Didn't I give you a penny
for doing that errand for me? (
Johnny Jones Yes, sir.
Mr. Tltewodd Well, what'do you say?
Johnny Jones Please don't make me
say It. Ma told me always to be polite to
my elders.
Small Bobby was taking dinner at the
home of a neighbor.
"Well. Bobbr." said the hostess. a the
UUle fellow laid down his knife and fork,
"have you had all you want?"
Tm bad all I could eat." answered
Make your wants known through the
columns of Tha See Want Ad page.
Trainine . Schools in Which Yonn Men
Learn' to Be 8oldiers.'
What Vrhrsaka lias Done anal What
May Re Accomplished ' If Coa
, greaa Provides the Money
for Expenses.
Tenrting In congress Is a bill appropriat
ing oTuO.Oiio to tie used In defraying the ex
penses of summer training camps, In
which the state truops and the regiments
of the rrgular establishment shall be quar
tered together, tho objoct being to train
the guardsmen in the most essential of
accomplishments, how to be a soldier In
camp. The - bill Is receiving the en
thusiastic 'support of the military experts
of the conrrtry, but Its passage is not
looked upon as a certainty.
, During the-week a soldlen who served
with . the. First Nebraska through tho
Plilltrprno campaign, said: "When wo
reached Manila and went Into action, we
had never been taught the first thing about are generally looked up as the most
essential things a soldier should know, how
to cook and how to shoot." The regiment
had been drilled in marching and the
manual of arms. It knew all the evolu
tions, of squad, platoon, company, bat
talion', regiment and division, but It did
not know how to cook its food, and had
no instruction whatever in target practice.
The wonder amon)r experts has always
been that the army made so good a show
ing as It did. It was a bitter experience
for these young men. but they mastered
the art of cookery and to some extent of
shooting accurately at long ranges, and
brought home from the Philippines all the
glory of a first-class regiment. It la de
sirable, though, that the next time troops
are sent out that they will not go under
such a handicap.
. Effort and Results tn IVebrmalui.
Adjutant General Culver, who Is at the
head of the Nebraska National Guard at
present, is a veteran of two wars, and
learned in the hardest of schools, actual
campaigning, the lessons he Is now seeking
to teach the Nebraska Guard. His sum
mer .camps have been devoted almost ex
clusively to the details of camp life. Some
attention has been given to the showier
side of martial life,, such as marches and
maneuvers, with drills and reviews as a
matter of course. But the main idea has
been to teach the officers and men how to
make and maintain a camp; how to draw
and prepare rations, and how to conserve
the food supply, so that Its full benefit
will be enjoyed by the men. It is "an ad
mitted fact that no government provides
so liberally for its soldiers as does the
United States, and the ration Issued for the
subsistence of the men- is the best de
signed known to science for use In our
climate. Yet, unless the regiments be
equipped with cooks competent to prepare
this food, and the men be trained In its
care, all Its benefit is lost. The same is
true of the equipment of the camp as to
tentage, bedding and the like. '
ramp Cobb a Model.
At Kearney last summer the condition
of the camp waa insisted upon aa a para
mount issue. To the regimental com
mander General Culver left the matter of
drills and maneuvers, as well aa the pitch
ing and care of camps, but ha Insisted
pn rigid observance of the rules be laid
down for the sanitary and culinary con
ditions of Camp Cobb. Some Ideas he had
gained In active service were Introduced,
and experienced soldiers, after Inspecting
the camp said they had never seen any
thing ' like It. The result waa that the
young men who went to Kearney received
in the most Impressive way possible the
most valuable of lessons, and when they
go Into camp a grin this coming summer,
they will be better than ever prepared
for the work of a soldier. How well the
camp was conducted along these lines Is
evinced by an excert from the official re
port of Major George - R. Cecil, Thirtieth
infantry, V. 8. A., made to the military
secretary, Washington, D. C. after the
camp was closed: , "Upon the whole, from
beginning to end, I wish to commend
the neatness of the camps and the care
ful' attention to sanitation. I heard
of a few complaints of the inefficiency
of the rations, resulting mainly from tho
inexperience of the company cooks, but
these were soon adjusted, and altogether
I believe the men were, well fed."
Major Cecil expressed regret that a
battalion or at least a company of regu
lars was not encamped with the guard, lu
order that the latter might have the bene
fit of tha CA.uiu 'e -f a' well disciplined
body nt men W ,amp, "he object of tho
proposed summer tamps ts to provide for
Just this deficiency, ac ihat the guards
men may be trained by -ximple as well
as precept in ,the gentle a ts of cooking
army rations and keeping cimpa clean and
orderly. It Is hoped that one of the Bites
for the summer camp will be at Fort Nio
brara, where conditions are ideal for tho
camping of lurge bodies of men of all
branches ' of the service.
Military Training mu Investment.
,1a connection with this topic, the Army
and Navy Journal says editorially:
In balancing the score of our national
gains and louses on account of the Spanish
American war, and of the events which
have followed It, a large item must bo
placed on the credit side of the ledger to
represent the great Increase of intelligent
interest throughout the United States in the
subject of practical military instruction and
tsuudng. Tle long interval of peace preced
ing the war of lsnS was a period of popular to the plain lessons of military
experience. The extraordinary expansion
of productive enterprise, the tremendous In
crease of public and private wealth, the
spread of education and the Intense rival
ries of peaceful competltloa In trade and
industry all combined to absorb the ener
gies of the people so completely that the
higher needs of the nation in the matter of
defense and self-preservation were either
ignored or forgotten. The result was that
when the crisis with Sim in arose the gov
ernment had to maneuver for months to
delay a war for which it was grossly un
prepared. Those who clamored for war
had only the vaguest notion of Its require
ments. They mistook our mllltaii-y resources
fur military strength, with no more real
warrant for so doing than they would have
to mistake a mass of steel ingots for fin
ished rifles and cannon.
And even when the government, after de
voting the time gained by delay to hasty
and expensive efforts to improvise means
to meet the emergency, finally entered upon
the campaign, It did so heavily handicapped
by lack of proper preparation. The United
States army as It entered that war was,
man for man, unsurpassed In the world; it
was perhaps as nearly perfect In all re
spects as any that ever took the Held. But
It was, after all. merely a skeleton army
a working model on which to build the
greater one required for the work ahead.
Having failed to develop and maintain in
peace a large and efficient cltisen- soldiery
for Just such emergencies, as strenuously
urged by the wisest of our great men fron)
Washington down to his living successors,
the nation was obliged to resort to the des
perate and costly expedient of training for
war in war. Because of that direful need
the early stages of the war were character
ized by amazing confusion, delay and a
shcM'itlng waste of life and treasure. The
history of that campaign. Indeed, while It
gives lasting renown to the endurance,
valor and self-uacrtnVe of the American
people, is little short of a reproach to their
military Judgment and methods.
Katloa Properly Aroused.
The war. however, aa already suggested,
has had the wholesome effect of arousing
the public Intelligence to a keener appre
hension of the nation's military-needs. The
people are leginning to realize that our
next war. when lt-rnmea. will probably
be with a power greater than Spain, and
that if we are (o come out of it victorious
we shall have to go into it Infinitely better
prepared than we were In 1W. To measure
our ability to cuoouutcr a firat-claas power
im.aummwrm2TmtTru,u fiu imm .n.njLsis.u.aiisii.iii.1 aoi.ip.n a. i. .julbiwl. Limn.iixijs iri JtHJP
I illy yislUluM! will Jill
For some time past we have been preparing for a special bargain sale of really good
Pianos, and we now offer for this week Better Piano Values to economical buyers than
we have ever before given. Sale includes the following leading makes:
Aa woll as many othrr well knrum sliuidaril pianos. Sonic of llicso pinnn li;t1 cxhil'ii ion iisa
only, ot Iters art nainple piano solot-tol mid ircpnrrd with i'mmtIhI rnro. Tln-n tlicrc arc it number of fine
Upright Piano returned from rnntlng or taken in exchange for rantl.
HeaLvy Reductions
opportunity should make an Immediate visit of Inspection. You will not
New Chlrkerlng & Sons, has had
exhibition use only, worth new
Fine Everett, used a few times
for concert work, worth new
Baby Grand, used In concert
work, worth new seven hundred
Ivers & Pond, slightly used,
worth now four hundred and
twenty-five dollars.
Ivers & Pond, slightly used,
worth new four hundred dol
lars. .
Packard, discontinued style,
never used, worth four hundred
and twenty-five dollars.
?i;n nn a
We are sole representatives in Nebraska for the following pianos: CIIICKEKIXO & SONS (Boston),
are no better pianos in the world.
by our success In the Spanish war would
be an act of national madness, and happily
there Is no manifest disposition among in
telligent clUaens to do so. On the con
trary, -there Is among the thinking masses
of the people not only a rapid and rational
growth of the military spirit, but a swift
Increase of practical Interest In the lm
normnt aubinct of military organization
and military Instruction. Moreover, this i
Interest has received direct and emphatic
expression in various acts of congress look
ing to a broader ana more scienunc ne
velopment of our military resources Into
military Btrength In the form of a great
national militia and its close association
with the army for purposes of instruction
and training.
These acta, while In need of amendment
and extension in some respects, have in
view the creation of a militia organization
which shall be truly national In scope and
character trained, equipped and disciplined
in accordance with army standurds and
capable of efficient co-operation with the
regular forces In time of war. To bring
tliis great body of citizen soldiery Into
being, to give It the benellt of association
with the army In regular encampments
and practical military exercises and to en
courage Its members, Individually and col
lectively, to familiarize themselves with
the requirements of military service Is a
national duty of the gravest importance.
The nation's needs in this respect were
never more impressively stated than by
Colonel Edward K. Brltton, N. Y. N.
In an address which he delivered before the
officers of the Maryland National Guard at
Baltimore February 14, 19uS. That address,
which Is entitled "The Moral and Patriotic
Aspects of War and the Relationship of the
Organized Militia to the Military Power of
the Country," describes so forcibly tho ob
ligation of the citizen to the cause of na
tional defense nnd traces so clearly the
course and means by which our military
necessities are to be provided for, that we
publish the full text of the paper In this
number of the Army and Navy Journal
and commend it to the earnest attention of
every man concerned In the vital problem
with which It deals.
Eternal Peace Not Possible.
In his valuable address Colonel Brltton
not only presents an unanswerable argu
ment In Bupport of the great militia project
contemplated In existing laws, but also
pays an lmpiesslvo tribute to the honor
and moral rectitude of military service
under American institutions. He speaks,
too, a timely word of protest against the
senseless dogma, now happily dying out,
that war Is Inherently wrong In morals,
and In this he is in plain agreement with
Von Moltke. who said: "Eternal peace Is
not onJy a dream, but not even a happy
dream. War is an institution of God a
principle of order In the world. In It the
most noble vl.-tues find their expression
courage and abnegation, fidelity to duty,
even love and self-sacrifice. The soldier
offers his life. Without war the world
would fall into decay and lose, itself in
materialism. "
In his discussion of practical military
questions Colonel Brltton dwells earnestly
upon tha importance of assembling the
militia In association with the army for
purposes of Instruction, and here he dis
closes a policy of Inestimable value which
the military authorities are driving to
their utmost to establish. No argument
should be needed to induce congress to
make the most liberal provision for a sys
tem of such large value to military inter
ests, both state and national. The whole
project Is an educational one. the benefits
of which would accrue directly to the na
tion In time of war. An accurate estimate
of the worth of the proposed plan appears
In an article In the New York Bun on tho
brigade encampments already fully
described here. "It Is only bv observation
of the way the regulars do thine, and by
contact and companionship with them,
says the Sun. "that national guardsmen can
learn the lesson of self-help and self-reliance.
Thrown on their own resources, they
naturally make slow progress and grow In
different. Soldiering with them Is not the
business of life, and they need Inspiration
as well as example. Congress has now an
opportunty to supply both. The army ap
propriation bill contains an Item of $700,000
for brigade camps of regulars snd state
troops during the summer of 19e.
The adoption of the joint system of train
ing means so much to the citizen soldiers,
and the experience gained would be such
an Improvement over the old state camp
routine that the Influence of the national
guard of the country should be brouirht to
hear on congress at once to Insure the en
actment of General Oliver's proposal Into
law before the confusion of the last days
of the session sets In to complicate mat
ters." simple Business.
One thing which should be kept In mind
In considering all projects of national de
fense, military or naval. Is that the money
spent on them Is a simple business Invest
ment snd not a waste, as various theorists
pretend to believe. If It be conceded that
the nstlon needs any defense on land and
sea. It must also be admitted that our
present defenses are glaringly dispropor
tionate to our population, our territorial
possessions, our coast line, our commerce
and our Increasing responsibilities as a
world power. Not to organize snd main
tain tha agtnclts capable of affording ade
aW Waaa lain I mjbj "imi" .,
In price will bo marie, aa the special object of this sale Is to
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especially fine tone and
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Our Special This Week Good stand
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We Invite the Inspection of critical
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Interests In time of peril would be little
short of national self-betrayal. Further
more, the manner in which the 'land de
fenses required for that task should be
created has been unerringly Indicated by
Colonel Brltton. .
A new director of the Vatican astro
nomical observatory has Just been named
by the pope in the person of Father Hugen
of the JeMUit order.
Bishop' Glorleux of Boise, Idaho, la mak
ing arrangements for laying th corner
stone of the new cathedral In that city.
The event will take place in June.
Ixme Wolf, a chief of the Klowas In
Oklahoma, Is of a strongly reliKious turn
and is a preacher of considerable reputa
tion. He Is a highly educated Indian and
reads his Greek testament every day.
Rev. Dr. Arthur Smith, a distinguished
missionary In China of the American
board, is In this country on summons of
the board to address special meetings It
Is holding In different parts of the country.
Chaplain Rev. Francis Doherty of the
Seventeenth United States infantry, sta
tioned at Fort McPherson. edits a little
paper called ."The Haversack," which 'a
widely read among soldiers and is fre
quently copied.
The twenty-fifth annual meeting of the
board of managers of the Woman's Home
Missionary society of the Methodist Epis
copal church will be held in St. Ixiuis, Mo.,
beginning October 24 and continuing in
session eight days.
The Chicago Methodists are arranging
to hold "the greatest Methodist gathering
ever held In Chicago." It is to be May Z.
on the occasion of the midyear meeting of
th bishops, and nothing smaller than the
great Cnlcago Auditorium has been . pro
vided. General Booth, tfie Salvation Army
leader, will celebrate his seventy-seventh
birthday with a gigantic function at Crystal
paluce, London. This celebration, which
will last eight hours, Is a good evidence
of General Booth's continued health and
vital power.
There are more than 2,000,000 negro Bap
tlHts In this country, with fifty Institutions
of learning and forty-five denominational
papers. They have a national organiza
tion, with boards for missions, home and
foreign, education, publication and the
young people's societies.
From Sumatra, the Rhenish missionary
society, reports a year of harvest such us
It has never before seen. The number of
pagans baptized during the -year was 4,712.
besides I'M Mohammedans. The total of
Christians Is . now In, art schools
14,ulfe boys and girls are "under Instruction.
The pope will this year present' tho
Golden lUise to Princess Ena of Ifcittcn
berg. The Golden Rose Is a syiulil In
wrought gold which is blessed by the pope
with much ceremony on mld-Ient Sunday.
It Is presented by the pope to some prince
or princess whom he desires especially tu
The gramophone has been chosen by his
holiness Pius X to illustrate the sacred
music prescribed by hlB celebrated "Moru
Proprio." His grace, the archbishop of
Old Dutch Cleanser
Reduces by half the lime and labor required for cleaning
house with . the ordinary MMtps, scouring bricks, etc.
Chases (W$ J
Dirt .mQ I
N. .iv,r
A valuable Illustrated booklet "Hints
for Horsemen," free upon request.
6 CUDAHY PACKING CO.. So. Omaha, Neb.
Svers & Fond
be disappointed.
Mission Ktyle, nol tisoil, caso
slightly dninaRod, worth tlmt
hundred dollars.
Smith & Barnes, Insl year's
model, not used, worth new
Chase, rented three months,
worth new three hundred and
twenty-five dollars.
Remlncton, rented two months,
case slightly
Russet, manufacturer's sam
ple, not used special
Schumann Upright, taken in
exchange for Chickering
urana. '
Westminster, also allowed the gramophone
to be used as a means of personally ad
dressing the whole of the Catholic laity
on the momentous question of religious
education In the schools.
A Methodist minister who has been
preaching for seventy-seven years is worth
some little attention. This distinction be
longs to tho Rev. itlcharil Ryiuer of Brix
ton, Eng. He was a preacher when Wil
liam IV was king of England nnd Andrew
Jackson was president of the United States.
It Is expected that the decrees of the last
provincial synod of Maynooth will soon be
ratified by Rome nnd published. A few
misprints in the first draft of the decrees
sent. to Rome have caused the delay. Ac
cording to the new ecclesiastical legislation
In Ireland, parish priests will be appointed
In future by cuncuisus.
Initial steps have been taken to create a
public park around Grunt's tomb. River
side, N. V. It is proposed to take in sev
eral blocks at u cost of between $2.0o0,00il
and $;;.tn,w. Gneral Horace Porter, for
mer ambassador to France, Is taking a
prominent part In the movement. H
With the closing In Lancaster, Pa, of the
hotel of John A. hank, who allowed his
privilege to lapse, there passed out of ex
istence a license first granted In 1736 ami
renewed annually since then. It was in
this hotel that Ijinciister lodKO of Masons
was instituted, In ITSa. und there General
Lafayette was entertained when he vlBitcd
Seven hours of sleep Is the minimum
amount requird by the average person,
according to Prof. Weygand of the Uni
verslty of Wurzberg. lie ascertained ex
perimentally that teductlon of the usual
period of sleep by three hours diminishes
tlm power of the memory by one-half.
Fasting, he found, hod a much less Injuri
ous effect.
As a result of numerous bank defalca
tions culminating In the robbing by Joseph
A. Turney of the National Hank of North
America of at least $.14, (m), a movement Is
on foot In the Wall streot district to Induce
all the banks and trust companies In New
York to change their regulations so that
every employe shall be compelled to take
at least two weeks' continuous vacation
every year, so that his hooks will be gone
over by other employes.
Egg gatherers of the Scottish Island of
St. Kllda prlre ropes of human hair. Ropes
vary In length, some being forty to fifty
feet long. Such a rope Is a bride's dower.
To manufacture it Is the work of yeare.
but the St. Klldau girl saves her hair
combings religiously. A curiosity oollector
who visited the island a short time ago
wished to buy a fine specinen of hair ropej
but the 1iO offen d was ri fused.
There has been almost a revolution In
F.llichausen, a little village near Gottlngen,
Germany, over an order forbidding any
young married man to escort a young
wximan on the streets after dark. This or
der whs the woik of the deputy town clerk,
who Is not a ladies' man and bad been
made the butt lor ill-natured Jokes. Ha
thought he shw all opportunity for revengo
when the reins or power caitie temporarily
Into his hands. But his action has coat him
his place.
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