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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (April 12, 1906)
T1IR OMAHA DAILY BKE: THUIJSDAV. Al'IUL 12. 1POfT.
Tite-Omaha Daily Dee.
- lR. ROSEWATEh. EDITOR.
PUBLJBHED EVERT MORNING.
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Saturday Bee. one year 10
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Sunday Bee, per copy
Address complaints of Irregularities In oe
livery 10 city Circulation ueparimeni.
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Washington tfl Fourteenth Street.
Commnlotlona relating to new! and edl
torial matter should ba addressed: Omaha
iiee, t-oitorlftl rcrartmnt.
Remit, b draft, eiDtess of postal order
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Only I -cent stamp received aa payment of
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THE BEH rUBUBHINu WMCAKI.
STATEMENT OF CIRCUIATION.
Stat of Nehraak Tinualaa County, as.!
C. C. Roaewater, genera.! manager of Th
we Publishing Company, being amy iworn,
aya that tha aotual number of full and
complete conlea of Tha Dally. Morning.
Evening and Sunday Be printed during tha
month of March, 19ns, was a ioiiows;
;6 81, ISO
Leg unsold copies 10,741
Net total sales IMKi.TOO
Dally average 81,161
C. C. ROSEWATER.
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before me this 8lst aay or Marcn, ism.
(Seal) M. B. HUNQATB,
WHEN enf OF TOWS.
Subscribers leaving; the elty tern
porarlly ahonla have. The Bee
mailed to them. Addreaa will be
changed ae oftea aa requested.
The man who could demonstrate hta
ability to "put on the lid" at Naples
could doubtless get any office within
the gift of the king.
Pat Crowe shows the result of lila
experience with Omaha Juries by re
fusing to prosecute tha employe alleged
to have "tapped his till."
Before fixing penalties for sounding
discordant notes In the new Russian
congress the power which wields the
baton should be determined.
Advices from Manchuria indicate that
so far as the fate of that province is
concerned diplomacy must accomplish
what arms failed to perform.
Now that both Senators Knox and La
Pollette have congratulated Senator
Bailey on his speech, the silence of Sen
ator Aldrlch Is more observable. .
It Is safe to say Attorney Morrison
will use' no private Information from
packers in his latest crusade against
alleged irregularities at Chicago.
The discovery that turbine wheels are
easily broken shows that inventors still
have a wide field of operation In tho
matter of power for modern warships.
With Witte and Durnovo both out of
the czar's cabinet, the representatives
of the people may be permitted to guess
at the intentions of the ruler until his
plans are perfected.
Officers of the refrigerating depart
ment of the Burlington are supposed to
be meeting at Lincoln to talk over the
summer schedules. Look out for a cold
wave from the south.
The political pronundamento of Lieu
tenant Governor Herrfott as candidate
for governor of Iowa has been Issued
and can be summarized: "When you
get through fighting pick a man not in
the fight," "
Fortupstely the grand Jury will meet
within the month, when ample oppor
tunity will be given to locate responsl
bllity for the doctoring of those bal
lots. The guilty parties need expect no
favor from any one.
With a law requiring six mouths be
tween divorce and remarriage In Ne
braska there can be little doubt as to
the reasons impelling Council Bluffs
ministers, to reject a proposition against
ecclesiastical marriages of divorcees
As long as a decision of Chief Justice
Marshall can be cited In favor of con
gresslonaj action on the present freight
rate bill friends of the supreme court
need leve no fear of the power of that
IkmI.v being curtailed, as tho great chief
justice was always jealous of the pre
rogatlyes of the court.
Although the first of May Is not yet
here, Omaha Is already involved In sev
eral minor wage disputes in the build
lng trades preliminary to the opening
of the active building season. It it to
he hoped these differences will all be
speedily adjusted, so that the work of
Improvement wider way will suffer no
Never since the office of ciiy -omp
t roller was created have the people of
Omaha had before them a candidate
for the position really qualified for li
as an export accountant by profession
and experience as they now have in W
Krnest Johnson, the republican nominee
If spec'' fitness for the office were the
sole moving '"consideration Mr. . John
sou's election would be unanimous.
JVCKKTIXO MAI. VbXTr.ZTAXTV
T'i reply of the anthrarlte dictator
to the revised proposal of the union
miners narrows and define tha Issue
between them. So far as wages are
concerned both sides profess readiness
to arbitrate, but the miners want a new
board Of arbitration, while the operators
Insist that the same board which ex
haustively studied the subject three
years ago shall have the decision of tin
wage scale now, and that when sonxed
It shall stand for three years Instead of
only on year. As both parties agree to
arbitral revision of the wage scale, there
seema to be no substantial Impediment
to a reference, assuming them to be
sincere, and It la not easy to see why
the term of effect as well as' the scale
could not be Included.
But the real point back of all in this
controversy Is not a mere question of
wage-scale, but the desire of the miners
on the one hand to reopen certain ques
lions wnicn Tlie Itooseveil artmrating
onmmla.lon ,1rl.l1 .Jvop.pI. to them
and the resolute purpose of the opera
tors on th other hand to prevent any
men thing:. The paramount object of
the miners Is the unionizing, of the mines
or closing; them to all miners not mem
hers of their organization, Including the
subsidiary demand that the operators
shall collect union dues out of wages
on behalf of the union organization
The Roosevelt commission In its award
emphatically rejected the principle of
the ''closed'' mine, and if reconvened
would undoubtedly repeat that finding,
As a matter of controversial tactics
the operators seem distinctly to have
turned the flank of the miners by the
counter proposal of arbitrating the wage
scale before the Roosevelt commission
In fact the whole dispute tends more
and more to appear In the light of a
series of maneuvers for advantage of
position. And the public will not be so
greatly concerned as to the result as
between the Jockeying contestants, so
long as its owu Interest, which is in
comparably greater than that of either
or both of them, Is not subordinated and
The arrival of Maxim Gorky, the
noted Russian novelist and revolution
ist, In this country has excited some
newspaper discussion as to whether ai
an alleged anarchist be should be ex
cluded from our ports under a. statute
enacted a few years ago, and is even
said to be vexing some official minds
at Washington. Yet, however forceful
and extreme bts protests against a gov
ernment tyrannical and corrupt to the
core may have been, It does not appear
In the slightest that he would be a riia-
turblng or dangeroU(, faeton nPrei or
that he comes with - any such purpose,
or indeed that he would not prove an
interesting and helpful character undei
the social conditions he will find here
which embody in large part the liberal
alms for which he lias been persecuted
In his own country.
If we can tolerate the reckless and
vicious use of the "muck rake," the
indiscriminate calumniation of. our
own government and public charac-
ters and no one calls in question the
legal right of practically limitless agita
tlon of this sort It is bard to see what
Justification can be found for arbitra
tor exclusion of the self-sacrificing
Russian litterateur who is conceded to
be a man of unblemished Integrity, who
certainly has neither committed nor
conceived any crime against our laws,
whose only crime in his borne country
is that he bas Indignantly protested be
cause the ruling tyrants would not yield
a small fraction of the liberty which
it Is the main object of our institutions
It Is well enough and even necessary
to bar out foreign criminals and noto
riously dangerous men who would come
hither only to make liberty a means of
offense. But the laws for this purpose
were never Intended to thrust back a
high-minded author and Intrepid as
sorter of human rights like Maxim
Gorky, and they cannot be rightly used
for an end so repugnant to the genius
and traditions of our people.
BAILEY'S C0S8TITUTI0XAL PUIXT-
The view which Senator Bailey of
Texas bas urged since the opening of
the rate bill debate and which he has
again set forth with great force, that
congress has complete power over the
Jurisdiction and procedure of Inferior
federal courts, has been gaining ac
ceptance in the senate and In public
opinion. It is conceded that congress
cannot alter the Jurisdiction of the su
preme court, which Is conferred direct
by the constitution Itself, but it also
j ytumr iuai ctiiigrt-s HUHII IiaVP
power to constitute tribunals Inferior to
the supreme court." This grant is In
cluded In the enumeration of the powers
of congress. In the article dealing with
the Judiciary It is provided that "the
judicial power of the I'nlted States
shall be vested in one supreme court
and In such inferior courts as the con
gress may from time to time ordain aud
The practical xlnt Is that Senator
Bailey's interpretation open wide the
door for congress to destroy absolutely
the Injunction jsiwer of the district and
circuit courts, so far as suspending the
rates fixed by the Interstate Commerce
commission pending judicial review
thereof Is concerned. This would solve
one of the most formidable problems lu
the effort for more efficient railroad con
trol, which Is to prevent the Intermina
ble and extensive delays Inseparable
from judicial dealing with this subject.
The position held by mauy other able
lawyer is the exact reverse, deuylng
outright to congress authority to annul
the injunction power of "Inferior courts"
any more than of the supreme court.
In which, !the Judicial power of the
United States" Is vested by article lil
of tfie fonstltntftin: the" ower granted
tn emigres In article 1 "to constitute
inferior tribunals" having no reference
to the former, and being the grant un
der which congress lies constituted a
variety of tribunals, like tribunals for
adjusting claims, from which the power
of Injunction and other like powers
could lie withheld. Such "tribunals."
according to tills view, are not "courts"
In the constitutional sense, which vests
In a court, when congress ordains it. all
the common law nnd historic powers,
including that of Injunction, as they
were understood when the constitution
Such a construction, although It Iihs
been quite commonly entertained or as
sumed, would obviously put a straight
Jacket Uon congress so far as coucerus
putting Into effect commlsslon-flicd
rates until the courts on appeal should
finally have passed upon them. And,
with Its companion theory that every
point In rate proceedings Is? fore the
Interstate Commerce commission must
lie appealable and retriable In the
courts, the unescapable result would be
to throw the whole subject of rate regu
lation ami railroad control In general
over into the exclusive disposal of
the courts, In fact transforming com
mission proceedings Into an additional
source of delay, confusion, cost and ag
gravation. Although the issue of constitutional
construction Is so radical and sweeping
that It must finally go to the supreme
court for settlement, Senator Bniley has
done valuable service In enforcing upon
the attention of the senate nnd the pub
lic an alternative view under which
tills issue can be raised.
MERGER OF THE TR EASVR1 E S.
The merger of the treasuries of the
city of Omaha and the county of Doug
las, provided for in the chatter enacted
by the last legislature, Is now an ac
complished fact. From now on the
county treasurer, as ex-officlo city
treasurer aud ex-offlcio school district
treasurer, will collect and disburse the
taxes and other revenues of the city
of Omaha and administer the city's
bonded aud financial interests In addi
tion to his administration of the couuty
This is a great step in the direction
of consolidation of city and county gov
ernments, which The Bee has for years
advocated and which was finally
brought to a 'lead largely through its
efforts. There I. no question but what
a great deal of money and labor has
lieen wasted by the duplication of va
rious parts of our machinery of local
government. If It were possible to con
solidate completely the management of
city and county affairs, It would be
wonderfully profitable to the taxpayers.
This has been done In many other cities,
but in this state such a complete con
solidation would lie impossible without
a prior amendment of our state consti
tution. Nothing prevents, however, the mer
ger of certain departments of local gov
ernment on the same lines as the pres
ent merger of the treasuries, and on
this point the recent decision of the su
preme court is conclusive. There Is no
good reason, for example, now that we
have abolished separate assessment of
property for municipal taxation aud
Joined the functions of collecting and
disbursing the public money, why the
merger Idea should not be propagated
still further by the creation of a single
auditing department for both city and
county, and the merger of the prosecu
tion machinery of both the city and
county aud possibly of the public works
business relating to the maintenance of
streets and roads.
The increased outlay for salaries aris
ing from the duplication of offices is
even less important than the confusion
and waste of time It entails upon those
who have business to transact with
both city and county and want to trans-
act it In the quickest aud most effective
way. Unless we are greatly mistaken,
the merger of the treasuries will afford
such an example" of convenience to the
taxpayers that the pressure for further
consolidation will shortlr become
steadily greater until It is Irresistible.
Under the provision of the Dodge pri
mary law, weighting the value of a
member of the party committee propor
tionately to the votes cast In the dis
trict he represents, the voting strength
of memWrs of the new republican city
committee will vary from 1 to .
That, however. Is the correct principle
of representation for a political organ
ization, aiming to reflect correctly the
sentiment of the rank and file. It Is a
great Improvement on the old days,
when, for example, the old Sixth ward
with l.SSi republican voters had no
more voice in conventions and commit
tees than C'lontarf ant
F.ast flmaha pro-
clnets. eastliia- less than 1i r.,..l.ll..a
The democratic mouthpiece is, as
usual, trying to throw dust Into peo
ple's eyes by pretending that if the re
publican candidates win out In the coin
ing city election it will le a corpora
tion victory, while if the dmiioeratic
candidates win it will be an anti-corporation
victory. Since when did "Jim"
get into the antl-forKiration class? Up
to date, whenever the corporations had
anything they wanted done with the
help of democrats, they always felt free
to go to Dahlman for aid aud never
had any trouble in making satisfactory
Congressman Kennedy has Introduced
a bill for the quartermaster's depot
which Omaha should have had long ago.
This depot was really In our grasp at
one time, but was pushed sway by
"Our Dave" because he feared the ed
itor of The Bee might get some of the
credit for lis e.stablinhment rt Is to be
hoped the bill will fare better at ll
hands of this congress, although it Is
plainly too late to secure action at the
Two custodians of voting machines at
per day each have been duly ap
pointed for the coming city election, and
Inasmuch as no limit hss lieen placed
on the number of days, they may lie
depended upon to qualify wltliout delay.
Without thee special custodians there
would lie grave danger of the machine?
getting their backs up and walking
The World-Herald seems to be very
touchy nlHiut that platform which ".Ilm"
Inhlman was compelled to gulp down
with his eyes shut. The real nuestlon
Is. What would the platform have con
tained If Pahlman had made It himself,
according to his own viewa. without In
terference or advice. Instead of having
It done by proxy?
The discovery that Iowa is annually
losing large sums of money on Its but
ter and eggs reminds one of the an
nouncement made by an appointee of
(Jovernor Boies that the farmers were
losing money on corn: but In spite of
these discoveries by the experts Iowa
farmers continue to get rich.
City Electrician Miehaelsen has a
plan for replacing gasoline lamps on
the outskirts with electric light "with
out additional cost." We have seen
these transformations In the past, but
when the bills have come in the stipula
tion about no Increase of expense has
been forgetfully overlooked.
Independent coal miners evidently lie
lieve the consumers should Is fined for
not assisting in the annihilation of the
miners' union: but it Is barely possible
that, should the union die, some nlhet
excuse would be discovered for main
Another Immunity Bath.
Railroad presidents will lie pleased
learn that It la not a crime to be caught
talking with a United States senator.
lip for Food Faddists.
There are new and gigantic possibilities
to our breakfast food Industry in the an
nouncement that fourteen entombed
French miners lived for twenty days on
Eventually it may come to be called the
Ixing-Knox amendment, which, Judging
from the noise r-mftnaling from the na
tional capital, would not be an inapproprl-
A Doubtful Statement.
San FranciHco Chronicle.
A Washington dispatch states that the
president Intends to score the writers in
the magazines and other publications who
have been creating the impression that
there la political corruption In congress
and elsewhere In the national government.
We doubt the slatament. The president
la too well informed to hold publications
responsible for an 'Impression which Is
derived from direct observation. So long
aa the corporations directly control the
election of congressmen and senators, and
e latter control appointments, Just that
long will the people think that things are
going wrong, and the sHencing of the
printing presses would not change the
Imprisonment" for Corpora I Ion a.
Why may not a corporation be Imprisoned
to all Intents and purposes as well aa an
Individual? is the question thrown out in
a Chicago communication to the Green
Bag. a legal publication of Boston. In im
prisoning a man, the state merely takes
away his liberty, his earning power and
his material ambitions for the time of the
sentence. If, then, an offending corpora
tion were closed up for a certain period of
time, or Its earnings were appropriated by
the state, it would In effect undergo a pun
ishment similar to that inflicted by Im
prisonment of -a person. It is a startling
suggestion, but not many "Imprisonments"
of corporations would be required to make
law-breaking very Infrequent, where now
It la Impudently common.
OMAHA THKX AM) MIW,
Far Fetched Sobs for the Day a When
Shirts Were scaree.
Chicago Inter Ocean.
In a petition for divorce filed In Omaha,
Mrs. Amelia Rainey charge that her hus
band, Alvira S. Rainey, possesses and hab
itually wears NO ahlrts of various colors
Nothing has happened In Omaha since the
close of the Trans-Mississippi exposition,
which goes far! her than this toward prov
ing that In many respects that city is far
In the lead of its pretentious rivals along
the water front of the Big Muddy, for who
ever heard of a man In Sioux City, St. Jo
seph or Kansas City accumulating aa many
shirts aa did Mr. Rainey.
Time was In Omaha, and that not so very
long ago. when It was thought a great thing
If one had a change of shirts for Sundays
and holidays. This was when the mighty
west was in the building, and when hick-
vaa in iiib iiuiiuing. anu wnen men-
ory was the material In vogue. Li.tic by
lime, nowever, -as the country oiieurd up,
,.i ,j . . ,
iiiw trnuuii i- uifi won a nre ami mere,
. ., , ... , .
and HOW and I Ifll linn ,-hrke,l fxr ylr nil
calico to feel the pulse of the community,
. " ,u,,ur" """. -no .n "., laughl(M. ,., ,xpin.d ,e house will
! . ".....:..''
one nun i w iiii me milieu ooeoin o
. Bai, to appear.
At first, ami until Mrangers, attracted
j thither by tint I'lilnn I'ui ifli' and Geoige
Francis Train, intrmlured new anil uplift
ing thoughts. It as customary for the
founders of the best families in Omaha to
go without shirt collars, and, when season
able, in shirt sleeves. Forty years ago, or
therealx.uls, It was a beautiful sight to
aalk up Fai nam vtnot in Oiniiha of a sum
mer's evening and find t lie merchants, ol
IhiIohs and coulless, sitting on dry goods
boxes and discussing the prospect of an
other paying load coming over on the ferry
fiom Council Bluffs.
l'.very thing hss changed since then ex
cept the hut winds and the dust from the
river bottom. These will ever remain the
same. But since the citizens of Omaha
have now formed the habit of acq tiring
more than two shirts on the average, since
some of them are able to keep aa many a
a dozen, and ainre. as we see by Mrs. Kain
ey s petition, that at least one has ly. the
hot winds and the bottom dust storms du
not make so much difference.
Yet there must be among t lie old settlers
of Omaha sevenl founders of the best fam
ilies mho recall with sighs the good old days
when they found social enjoyment and
healthful mental recreation while wailing
for their shirts to dry, down on the river
kmU, after the regiilarsemi-weekly swim.
BITS V W ASHIKTO I.IFK.
liner Sreaea and InHdenta Saetehed
on the Spot.
With ceremonies appropriate to the oc
casion and an addresu by President Roose
velt, the cornerstone of tho new house of
representatives office building will be laid
n-xt Saturday. A distinguished company
of public officials and members of the
diplomatic corps will witness the proceed
ings. The building is directly smith of the
house wing of the capitol, about lf yards
distant, and occupies a square. It lil
contain 410 office rooms, which means .1
room for each representative In congress
and delegate, and leaves vacant nineteen
rooms for a future growth In the member
ship of the house through a reapp(rll,i.
ment of districts or the admission of new
states. The houso annex and the senate
office building, which Is also under con
struction at the opposite end of the plnxn,
are being put up to provide for the mem
bers of the national legislature quarters
absolutely needed for the efficient transac
tion of public business. The house annex
was started first and Is In a more advanced
stage of construction than the senate
building, though the cornerstone of the
latter may bo ready to put in place next
fall. The two buildings together contem
plate an outlay of about lio.oon.ono. In sIm
and design they are Identical. They occupy
positions balanced In their relation to the
capitol and are planned to fit Into a gen
eral architectural scheme. The height of
the buildings has been restricted that
they may not overpower the capltot, and
they have been kept simple In design,
without pediments, domes or other accen
tuated points to prevent their detracting
from the effect of the capitol building.
Clio building la planned In the form of a
hollow square, the open part In the center
being a court nearly Son feet across. In
conformity with the capitol building the
principal front of the house office building
will show three stories above ground. The
offices on each floor are arranged in a dou
ble row, separated by a corridor twelve
feet wide. The outer row of offices faces
the four streets, while the Inner rows open
on the court. Four stories ate devoted to
offices, Including the basement. The office
rooms will lie supplied with tempered fresh
air and will be artificially ventilated, but
there will be nothing In the finish or ap
pointments of these rooms to distinguish
them from the rooms In any well equipped
The other day. when the senate was not
in session, Senator Spooner had occasion
to visit the chamber. To his astonishment
the pages ten In number were holding a
stormy senatorial session, with a black
eyed little Ohloan In the vice president's
chair. Another page was clamoring for
recognition; another was standing on a
Senator Spooner smiled and walked to
his seat in the center aisle. "Mr. Presi
dent," he began dlgnlflsdly. Quick as a
Hash came' t lie answer, which nearly
stunned the Wisconsin statesman:
"The senator from Wisconsin," solemnly
replied the page In the chair.
"Don't you think, there is a good deal of
confusion In the chamber. Mr. President, "
said the senator from the Badger state
When he had recovered his equanimity.
The page brought down Vice President
Fairbank's gavel with a resounding whack.
"There certainly Is; the senate must be In
order" and Spooner fled precipitately.
When John Sharp Williams was fighting
to get the quarantine bill through the
house the other day the Texas delegation
fought it tooth and nail. They denounced
It aa a violation of the constitution aud to
a man predicted the downfall of that ven
erable document if the bill passed. The
house, however, passed It. An hour or so
later Mr. Williams bumped up against Mr.
I Slayden of Texas in the cloak toom
den looked at Williams with aad reproach,
but spoke not. Williams looked back at
Sladen apologetically. Then he placed bis
hand on the Texan's shoulder. "Slayden."
he said, comfortingly, "cheer up. Tomor
row 1 am going to Introduce a bill to re
enact the constitution."
Secretary Taft does not agree with his
chief Hi the matter of the so-called anti
race suicide theory. In discussing Senator
Scott's bill to Increase the pay of lieuten
ants, captains and majors In the navy.
Secretary Taft said that he thought that
the pay of these officers was now too low,
but he was not prepared to approve of the
increase at this Wine.
The secretary declared that it seemed to
hlni that young leutenants should not
burden themselves with wives on the pres
ent pay. General Corbin's recent utter
ances on this subject possibly went too far
In suggesting that young officers he pro
hibited from marrying, but they were
worth discussion at least. Secretary Taft
said that he would like to see the pay of
the noncommissioned officers raised, and
dwelt on the value of the "old sergeant"
who remained in the service on through
his long and useful life, oftentimes teach
ing the young lieutenant how to handle
his men and become valuable officer.
The fact that so niHiiy such men stayed
In the service seemed to him to show that
army life was attractive to level-headed
Suspension day in the national house of
representatlve is a time when rules go by
the board. It la always a period of re-
luxation among rnemliers, for nobody pays
attention to the measure under consul
eration unless it happens to he his own.
This was the situation the other day and
Speaker I'nnnon vainly tried to restore
something like order. Tho talk and hardly
"b'""l '"Shter went on and final
l ncie joe vuiim mm luvuni
i house, waiting- B" and by the house be-
i , . .
t0 'J'Zl'Z 1
one null, inn that the speaker was on his
i . . , , ., , D .
f-et and looking rather ugly. Presently
, , . i . . , :
there was absolute ailence. Mr. Cannon
i banged his desk once more and said:
!, fly(i ,.,.,.,.,,
now resume business." There was a g-n
eral laush. and for us much as
minutes the members were good.
There are signs that Alice ltigworth is
bringing up her husband properly. In fact,
tho Idea Is afloot In Washington that lit
is fairly well tamed alrendy. He has gone
shopping with his wife more than once.
"To be sine." says an official In one of til"
departments, "he went shopning with her
before she was his wife, hut that doesn't
count. It's the shopping he bus done aim
then that niakea or breaks the record. The
antenuptial shopping was expected. The
postnuptial well, until it Is done the tam
ing has not been accomplished. The 'ash
Ington rule for Judging whether the hus
band has lieen tamed is to invito hitn to
go shopping in one of Hie d partuient stores
before lunch. If he goes bo has been
broken to harness.''
General J. Warren Kiefer of Ohio, who
speaks on all subjects, was submitting his
dally remarks. "What do you think of
that?" Congressman Bartletl of Georgiu
asked Hedge of Iowa. "He Is the most ef
fective speaker 1 know of," Mr. Hedge
said. "His, speech purposes the reduction
of the reprrsentiitloii in the house and It
has succeeded. Counting ourselves and the
general there are exactly elevtn represent
atives iu tbe Uian.ber."
L I M' lll!!JBA.Li
Setting the time in every country on
"The Perfected AmericM WLh." n illustnteJ book f interesting
Information tbovt tvttches, free trpon request.
AMERICAN WALTHAM WATCH COMPANY.
Where do you suppose Dowle's siicceesur,
Vollva. came from? Italy? pain? Mex
ico? South America? No. From Indians.
Dr. William Klllol Griffith, the first white
man to go to the Interior of Japan and the
one who established the present school sys
tem In that country, is In New York.
Six thousand Invitations have been sent
out by the Navy department to attend the
patriotic services at the final burial cere
monies of John Paul Jonea on the 24th at
Annapolis. Rear Admiral Brevoe De La
Payrere. with three warships, will repre
King Edward VII Is the uncle of the em
peror of Germany, will soon be the uncle
of the queen of Spain, is already the uncle
of the crown prince of Roumanla, the
czarina, the crown princesa of Greece and
the crown princess of Sweden, and is the
father of the queen of Norway.
In one of his recent lectures on Pluto
before a roomful of fsshionable London
women Dr. Emll Releli defined happiness
as "the Interworld between two tinhappl
nesscs." For "real happiness," he said,
"can be experienced only by those who
have passed through real trouble."
Clark Bell, president of the Medlco-Iegal
society of New York, has received a com
mission from the State department an
nouncing his appointment as delegate from
the I'nlted States to the International
Medical Congress, which meets In Lisbon
on April 19 to Prof. A. B. MacDonald
has been appointed to represent the New
York university medical faculty.
Colonel Kdwln B. Hay, In addressing the
Washington Bank Clerks' assoclatlou lust
week, said: "I think we have the crudest
handwriting in the cabinet now that wo
have had In many years. We do not see
now. the beautiful writing that was so
i common In the time of Alexander Hamil
ton and George Washington. The trouble
is we are all in a hurry."
SEW F.P.A OF FRANCHISES.
Pablle Privileges No Lonaer Granted
, for the Asklna.
The spectacle of a mayor of Philadelphia
returning to the city councils without his
approval an ordinance authorizing the ex
tension of an existing street railway line
because It "contained no conditions or re
strictions protecting the Interests" of the
city, and that of a telephone corporation
negotiating with the municipal authorities
of New York as to the terms upon which
a franchise shall Issue, are hopeful signs
of the times. These Incidents are Indica
tive not only of a more Intelligent appre
ciation of the value of franchises, but of
an Intention to surround them with such
conditions as shall check the power of the
corporations and Insure to t lie public ade
quate service and compensation. They are
the direct fruit of the great civic revival
which is passing over this country.
The causes which have brought about
this remsrkable change In the attitude of
the public toward the public service fran
chises are varied and complicated, an
awakened public conscience being but one
of many. That tho latter has had much
to do with It Is not to be denied, but the
wealth of the corporations holding fran
chises, their arrogant Interference in the
affairs of state and municipal government,
and the corrupting methods which have too
often attended their operations, have been
equally potent in grousing the people of
this country to the value of the privileges
which In the past were either given away
or stolen by dishonest representatives.
Thus the motives for the awakening have
boon mixed ones, but the benefit to the
public la likely to be the same, and It Is
safe to assume that th era of unrestricted
franchises hss passed swsy In this coun
try, never to return. t
Corrupting corporation Influences have
not yet been eliminated by any means, but
the Important fact Is that the public la no
longer Ignorant or Indifferent. Th terms
of franchises, the compensation guaranteed
to the public treasury, the provisions for
the retention of public control and owner
ship, are all matters of popular Interest
and scrutiny, and the lawmskers end fran.
I rr,,, tranters disregarding this chaneed
j (.on,)(,n will do so at their peril. This
I mlpriV gtut affairs mny not go verv far
t--w-rd remedying the blunders and crimes
of the ixiKt. but ! their repetition In th
fufire 'Ml lie iffrctUHllv prevented the
gain will be well Korft while.
-nam aviT - " -rr Tlit
You can trust a medicine tested sixty
years! Sixty years of experience, think
of that! Experience with Ayer's Sar
saparilla; the original Sarsaparilla; the
Sarsaparilla the doctors endorse for
thin blood, weak nerves, general de
bility. What does your doctor say?
We have no secrets We publish
the formulas of all our medicines. -
U.-it bj th J. O. ayr Ct., Lessll, atsss. ,
ilw kwuftotumt r
aYSB'3 Ball VIGOR -Per the kair. ATBI'S POtS-Por eeattissttM.
atg'gClieKRYPECTOBALPMeoa(Bs. ATkg'SaGUSCUSrM ultrusaairj.
THE WAV TO FORCE ACTIOS.
Klertlon of Senators by at Vote of the
The following states of the union hare
presented resolutions or memorials to con
gress, through their legislatures, asking
for an amendment to the constitution by
which, senators will be made elective by
popular vote: " .
California, Idaho, Illinois. Indiana, Iowa,
Kansaa. Kentucky, Louisiana, Minnesota,
New York, Ohio. Oregon, Washington,
Wisconsin, Wyoming. Montana, Utah,
Florida, North Carolina, North Dakota,
Nevada, Pennsylvania. Tennessee South
Dakota, Colorado, Michigan, Nebraska and
Twenty-eight out of forty-five states, or
very near two-thlrda of the whole number,
have thus gone on record, some of them
two or three times.' Congress hss turned
a deaf ear to all the petitions and memor
ials and as long as the senate Is ruled by
hide-bound conservatism, It will never vol
untarily submit such an amendment.
There is a way to compel action and it
Is about time for a forward movement all
along the line. If trie legislatures of two
thirds of the states request it, congress Is
compelled to call a constitutional conven
tion for th purpose of submitting amend
ments. A number of the states In the list
given. Including Mennesota, have put their
resolutions In that form, but others have
been content with the plain memorial. If
thirty of the states take extreme action the
question will no longer He In the discretion
of congress. It will go Instead to a consti
tutional convention, which may propose
still other amendments, but will certainly
submit one for popular election of senators.
The amendment will then become operative
when ratified by the( legislature of three
fourths of the ststes thirty-four out of the
present forty-flve, ' .
State legislatures have been slow to act,
and naturally. Th amendment strikes at
one of the great perogatives of ,the. legisla
ture and but for the pressure of public
entlment. few legislatures would take ac
tion at all. There is no question about the
desire of the people for such an amend
ment. In order to get what they want,
however. It Is sometimes necessary for the
people to show their representatives that
they mean business.
FLASHES OF FI X.
'"What do you women's rights women
want, anyhow'" . . -
"To-be tlaleffre nTeTi ftothinf more."
"Ah! Come In and have a drink and a
cigar on me." Cleveland Lesder. ...
"You say that man Is cmeiked?" '
"Crooked! echoed Bronco Bob. "Why he
couldn't play solitaire without dealing off
the bottom of the deck." Weahlostou
Star. . .
Mr. Buttln What la the moat difficult
part of a newspaper humorist's work?
Mr. Jokesmith To live up to the salary
he tells the other fellows he's getting.
Stlnjay How do you like the cigar? Thst
brand was especially recommended by my
Knox What's the matter? Why doesn't
he let you u.e tobacco? Philadelphia
"Yes, I want a bookkeeper, but you look
so very seedy."
'Well. I'm Just out of the hospital, sir,
where I came pretty near being planted."
Cleveland Plain Dealer.
"I suppose you regard your election as a
mark of confidence and esteem. "
"Yes," answered the politician; "it shows
conclusively that I stand well with tha
boss In our district. "Washington Stsr.
vbsi vn s. r
From 'Maeauley'B ' "Pompeii. " ' .
Oh. land to mem'ry and to freedom deaf.
Lund of the melting lyre and conquering
Land of the vine clad hill, the frsgrsnt
Of arts and arms, of genius and ef love.
Hear, fairest Italy.
The leaves scarce rustled in the sighing
In azure dimples curled the sparkling sens.
And as the golden title of light they qua If 4.
Campania's sunny meads and vineyard
While glamed each lighten'd oak and giant
On the far sides of swsrthy Apennlns.
Saw ye how wild, how red, how broad a
Burst on the darkness of that midday
As fierce Vesuvius scatter d o'er the vale
His drifted flames and sheets of burning
Shook hell's wan lightenlngs from his
And k( Med heaven with meteors not Its
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