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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (March 1, 1906)
Omaha Daily Bee
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Tb Bee Bidding - I7tb and Faraam
THE BEE BUSINESS OFFICE
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The Bee Buildlnf 17th aid Faraam
OMAHA, THURSDAY MOKXIXO, MARCH 1, 1906-TEX PAGES.
ESTABLISHED JUNE 19, 1871.
SINGLE COPY THREE CENTS.
DEBATE OS RATE BILL
Senator Toraker Define Hia Position on
V Railway Bate Escalation.
THINKS LEGISLATION IS NOT NECESSARY
Elklna Law, if Properly Enforced, Will
Ours Evila Complained Of.
OBJECTS TO CRITICISM OF ATTITUDE
Demand for Passage of Law ia Referred to
as Public Clamor.
PROTECTING PEOPLE AGAINST THEMSELVES
Ohio senator Mm Proposed Law Will
Be I asatlafactory that Senate
Will Brar Blame If II la
"WASHINGTON. Feb. a.-For three
hours, larking a few minute, today Mr.
Konknr held the attentii n of the senate
while he read a carefully prepared swech
nil the railroad rote question. His speech
wan a protest agaliiHt any general legisla
tion oti the theory thai tin: existing Elklus
law could be so exu-nded as to make it
atmwer nil the. reouiretnents. He did nut
fall, however. point out what he con
sidered the defects t Hie Hepburn-Dolllver
bill and hu made the declaration more than
once that It would full in remedy tho evils
coinplalne.1 of. The speech was listened to
by a large attendance both on the floor of
the seriate arid In the galleries, and at lt
Close the senator was warmly ennsratu-
lated by a number of hi colleague.
Mr. Foraker's speech was followed by a
further discussion of the land grant In In
Alan terfiti". y. with the result that Mr.
Aldrlch's resolution extending flic tribal
government of the Indians was adopted
attar it was so modified aa to curry that
government over until March 4. 1!'".
A numls-r of private bills, most of them
granting pension increases, were punned.
Mr. rarskrr'a Speech.
Immediately alter the conclusion of
the routine business Mr. Foraker look the
floor to dellvei his promised speech on
the railroad rnte question. The announce
roent that he was to speak had tho effect
of filling the galleries und there was also
is large attendance of senators. Notwith
standing the senator departed from his
custom of extemporaneous speaking and
read from manuscript, he received careful
Mr. Foraker conceded that some evils ex-
Isi In connection with tha railroads, but
urged that all of them could be more effec
tively met by amending tho Elklns laws
lhah by passing tha pending bill. He an
nounced hla regret at differing from the
president, but said ha could not see his way
dear to pursue any other course.
Ho guve a general review- of the history
f the railroad development of I lie country
and paased to the evils of the system,
which be said are nercsMarlly Incident to
the upbuilding of so vast. an Interest. His
alrtftufilrCdwstd .tr-e persWog railroad at
bill was correctly outlined in his tlrst para
graph. In which he said ol the bill: "It is
so contrary to the spirit of our Institutions
and of such drastic and revolutionary char
acter that, If not In its immediate effect, at
least as a precedent, the consequences are
bkely to be most unusual and far-reaching."
He discussed the railroad evils as of thres
classes excessive rates, rebates and dis
criminations. Ha found little fin complain of under the
first heading, hut said there are some In
stances of charges that sre too high nnd h"
thought a frnmpt and effective remedy
should ba provided.
A mora serious evil he found In rebates
and he traced the present extensive railroad
consolidations to the fact that the supreme
court decisions against pooling had left the
roads without protection from the rebate
system except to resort to some general un
derstanding. No Test f Rlklas Law.
Referring to the Elklns law, he said;
There has been no serious attempt to en
force this law to prevent discriminations as
to localities, but a glqnre at its provisions
will suffice to show that it is hs broad, di
rect, explicit and efficient to remedy that
kind of evil wherever it may exist as it has
been found to be as to personal discrimina
tions. That the law has not been tested in
this respect Is not due to sny fault of the
law, hut because no one has seen tit to In
Announcing his own position, he said: "I
. Relieve In the court plan, as contradistin
guished from tho rate-making not alwe
because It Is much simpler, much more- ex
peditious, much more expedient and with
out expense to the shlper, but because in
addition to all that. It avoids all legal und
constitutions! questions, while the rate
making plan aa aet forth In this bill encoun
tered a number of such questions that are
of tho most serious character, and some of
them. In my Judgment, fatnl."
Regarding the right of congress to mske
rates he declared "the supreme court has
never yet passed on that question and that
there are many eminent lawyers who are
Of the opinion that the court will hold, when
it does decide thst question, that congress
does not hava that power.
"Their reasoning." he said, "seems to
me to be sound and tha effect of it ab
solutely fatal to a. his entire scheme of leg
islation." Mr. Foraker also contended that tho en
actment of the proposed law would con
travene section t of article I of tha con
stitution,' prohibiting preference In favor
of tha ports of one state over 'those of an
other. Ho cited tha differentials allowed
In favor of Philadelphia and of Baltimore
and of New Orleans and Oalveslon, and ad
mitted that theso differentials are essential
( tha diffusion of the export traffic, but
added that the differentials conflict with
ona of the grest purposes of those seeking
the kind of legislation that has been pro
!osed to secure to each locality Its own
particular rightful advantages of location
and thus avoided tha preferring In the
making of rates of one locality to the
prejudice of another.
It we Invest the Interstate Commerce
comn.lsslon with the power to make rates
It mult exercise that power subject to this
prohibition of the constitution that there
shall tie no preference for the pons of
ona Vale over those of another. The who!.,
system of differentials must In consequence
Not only would the port of Boston bo
closed up. but all the other rts would be
at least most seriously affected. The racst
general Duainea that could be taken to
ona port as we'l as anotbet under the prea- j Commission company paid to A. J. Uch
ent conditions would then bo concentrated : stem, a broker of this -l!y. M'l.UUU for
at tts nuwt favored p-:'t. I Ues said to haio N-en i:icurrod in tho
Objects tu Penalties.
Discussing :..e M'.:nrs provided by tho
but, ho auid thrv wou'.d amount lo tl0,4u6
t-or nroiith and declared that tho penalties
proscribed ara of ouch extreme cumulative
and birdsnaomo character as M deter a
carrier from resorting to tha cjurts. cx-
cop! oaij whr either tho cas Is entirely
i - - -
tt aailausd ua Hixxs H'-iaw
REACTIONARY PARTY LOSES
Russian fioTernment Permits lonon-
tatloaal Democrats to Opes Hend
aeartcra at St. Peterebnrej.
ST. PETERSBURG. Feb. 2.-The reac
tionary policy of Interior Minister Durnovo
.received another decided setback today
when the action or the St. Petersburg po
lice In closing the central bureau of the con
stitutional democrats was disowned by the
government and the bureau was allowed to
be reopened and the police were ordered to
abstain from c interference with m-
work or the , Ills nagrani
to Interfere ' , ? elections, which Is
condemned ev $ ; conservative parms,
is generally a to M. Durnovo. with
out whose a' --'"Ihe police would not
have dared t
Ital. The e"
(en action in m-
cs the rumor of Dur-
retirement, which a
5" ? f Premier Wltte today
" occur as soon as the
raid was r
national asi '"t8 nd which mig'it
be expected -6i The plans of the social
revolution! " ' i terfcre with the elec
tions In Ff:'!. .?urg have been broken
up bv the arrest of another batch of twen
ty-six agitator-, among them being twelve
Jews and two Hermans.
The police have also arrested the man
who threw the bomb which broke up the
loyalist meetitiK on the Schlusselburg Km
bankment. February . He Is accused of a
number of political murders.
The weekly official . report of toliticul
crimes throughout the empire shows thut
assassination, hoinb-ihrowing und robbery
are still In full swing, especially in Poland,
at Odessa and ill the Cuucasus. The most
atrocious case was at Brest, government
of Grodno, where revolutionists locked four
policemen In a house, poured petroleum on
the building and set it on tire.
HELP FOR AMERICAN SCHOOLS
Legation at Constantinople Insist
that All educational Inatltotlona
Itri-elve Kuunl Treatment.
CONSTANTINOPLE. Feb. 28. The neces
sity for prompt official recognition of th?
demand that the American scholastic In
stitutes at Beirut, Syria, and elsewhere. lw
eititled to Identical treatment with the
schools of other nationalities is belnn
urgently Impressed on the Porte by the
American legation, lb-cognition was prom'
lscd on the occasion of the American naval
Ocmonstratlon in August, WW. but it has
not ?et heen officially promulgated. 1.1
s me quarters the impending visit of Rear
Admiral Slgsbee's squadron to Beirut is
connected with Ibis question, but the lega
tion points out that the warships will only
remain three days at Beirut, their visit
being part of the ordinary program of tho
squadron for Its cruise In the Mediter
ranean. The legation Is also pressing the Porta
to refund the customs dues paid under
protest on consignments of educational ma
terial destined for the American acnoois,
as It is recognised that foreign countries
are entitled to lmort such artlclea free
F.eaadorean Mlnlater Recalled.
ftCAVAlit'Il., Kcuador, Feb. 28. General
Leonldaa Plaaa. who was minister of
Fx.-uador at Washington, but who b re
called by former President Qarclo to take
command of the lattcr's troops here when
tho recent revolution broke out, has bean
officially recalled as minister by President
Kloy Alfaro. General Plasa. arrived here
Januarv IS, when the revolution was at
Its height, but the troops of Guayaquil
having declared themselves in favor of
General Alfnro, General Plaza escaped on
a steamer bound for Panama, intending
to return to the Vnited Btatrs. Ha
reached Panama January 24.
France Talks of Military Mrenath.
PARTS. Feb. tS.-The debate on the war
budget In the Chamber of Deputies today
brought out a discussion of motions to re
duce tho duration of the annual service
of the first reserve and the territorial re
serve. War Minister Etlenne strongly op
posed the proposition, saying that the de
fensive strength of tho army depended on
tho reserves. Germany, ho pointed out, re
quired 140 days annual service of the re
serves. Tho various motions for reducing
tho period of oervlre were defeated.
Kinar Edward's Health flood.
VIKNNA. Feb. a. Dr. Ott. King Ed
ward'a Maricnbad physician, has taken the
occasion of his return from his visit to
England to publicly deny the rumors of tho
king's Ill-health. These, Dr. Ott declares,
are malicious inventions, possibly traceable
to political motives. He says King Edward
waa never In better health than at present.
Ralrnar aad Chamberlain III.
IjONDON, Feb. 2S. In consequence of tho
Illness of both Arthur Ralfour and Joseph
Chamberlain, the latter being confined to
his bed by an attack of Influenxa, Chan
cellor or the Exchequer Asqulth agreed In
the House of Commons this afternoon to
adjournment of the fiscal debate fixed for
f aatellaae Salt Coatlaaed.
FARI8. Feb. I.-The suit brought by
Countess Ronl do Castellans (formerly
Anna Gould) against her husband for a
separation was reached today on tho docket
of tho first tribunal of the Blene. but the
court adjourned the case for a fortnight,
when' a date for the hearing will bo fixed.
Troapa" Charge Froarh Wab.
MAZAMKT. France. Feb. JS. A detach
ment of troopa today charged a mob of
mamfestants out.-tide the Church of Bt.
Bauveur, where the government officials
were taking an inventory. Colonel Berge,
in commund of the soldiers, and a number
of men were wounded.
Mo Port at Talatttan.
BERLIN. Feb. 28. Secretary of the Ad
miralty von Tiripita at a session today of
the budget committee denied that the gen
eral ort of Tslngtau, China, was to be
made a fortress of the first class.
CREDITORS ALLEGE . FRAUD
Receiver la Asked far Assets of tho
Defaaet Wear Caaaatlsslan
CHICAGO. Feb. 2i.-The Judsiuent cred
Itora of the Weare Commission company,
which failed In this city In iftd. ask tbo
circuit court today to appoint a receiver
for tho assets of tho concern.
It la charged in the bill that in 111. prior
to the failure, tho officers of the Wear
' purcUaaa and anlo of t!. - of stork by
I the Wears Commission ci-.i.pany. Tha bill
charges that nt actual .tits or purchases
i of stock were made and .1 they wra mads
; by were made .y Li ,.ern from and to
I ''"t,e court t ...mg
' Mania ln" suir.s of money aaid to bava
I from the officers of
RACE WAR IN SPRINGFIELD
Mob Resumes Ita Attacks Upon Homes of
Net-roes in Ohio City.
SOLDIERS SUCCEED IN CHECKING RIOT
Te Hoasea Are Harard aad Othere
Partially Destroyed F.labt C om
paalea of Mllltla Gaard
SPRINGFIELD. O., Feb. a.-The riot
and race war begun here last night as a
result of the shooting of M. M. Davis, a
railroad man, by lidd am. Dean, colored,
waa continued tonight, the eight companies
of troops called out to assist the local
officials in preserving order not being able
to prevent the destruction of two houses
and the partial demolition of a dozen or
more others tonight al the hands of the
With eight companies of state troops on
guard In thl.r city as a result of lust night's
mob violence. In which six houses were
burned In the colored residence district,
more incendiary flres were started early
again tonight In various parts of the city.
In every Instance the houses were occupied
by negroes or negroes und whites. A negro
house al Harrison and York streets was
stoned by a large crowd, but the occupants
arc believed to have escaped.
"The Flickers Nest," which is inhabtuued
by negroes, and which tlgurcd in the Dixon
mob und subsuqucnt race war two years
ugo, has In-en assailed tonight and several
attempts tiiatle to lire it, but as It Is
guarded by militiamen the effort has so
far failed. Several ultmns luive been turned
in as a resull of the tires s ui ted, but no
general ularni up to this hour, as every
available fireman is at work on the tires
now under way. Several negroes who had
been chased by the angered whites front
the negro quarter of the city made their
way to the city building, which is In
charge of the soldiers. Colonel C. S. Annuel
of the .Forty-eighth regiment arrived this
afternoon und assumed commund of tho
troops, relieving Captain Horace Keller,
who had been in command.
Tno Hoasea liarned.
t'p to 11:30 tonight tho mob hud kuccceded
in burning two houses and had stoned and
partially demolished a dozen others, all in
habited by negroes. The tlrst place visited
was the home of George Miller at York and
Harrison streets. When the assault began
from the rear of his house Miller ran in
his hare feet and without coat or hat es
caped from his pursuers by going lo Ihc
city hall, where ho found shelter with the
troops, foul oil was applied to his house,
which was soon a mass of flames and was
From Miller's the mob went to the home
of John l.ogan and Noah Ingrahnm. a.
double frame house on York street, and the
torch was applied, following the escape of
the occupants a few minutes before. The .
house was practically destroyed.
The militia was In hot pursuit of some of
the Holers and at Central avenue chased
them at tho point of the bayonet. Even
while this was going on some of the mem
bers of the mob were at a safe distance
from the soldiers and continued to stone
the houses of negroes, window being
riddled with rocks as they ran.
II la later' House Attacked.
The house of Rev. John Scurry, a negro
preacher, was stoned and the family fled
terror-stricken from It. Tile mob then set
tire to it, but the prompt arrival of the
nlllllu prevented its destruction. The
homes of Reuben Campbell and Charles
Fillmore, oil Central avenue, were riddled
with stones and at this point a boy, whose
name Is not known, was shot in the Ick.
The mllltla has devoted its attention to
control of the larger crowds, leaving the
police to look after the smaller end of tho
riot. Promiscuous and random shooting
has been a feature tonight and has added
to the general terror. Two negro women
who Jumped from the second stories of
their homes when assailed by the mobs,
were seriously hurt and were taken lu
HltoatluB Ihder Control.
COM'MBI S, O., Feb. i. I.aie tonight
Adjutant General Hughea received a tele
phone message from Colonel Ammel, in
command of the mllltla at 8ringlleld,
saying he did not believe it would he neces
sary to send any more troops to Spring
field. Colonel Ammel has eight companies
under his command, four from Columbus,
one each from L' roans and Xenia and tho
two Springfield companies. Colonel Ammel
reported that the shooting Indulged in by
the mob waa largely for the purpose of an
noylng the soldiers. He was confident that
the disorderly clement could' Ik? controlled
with the troops at hand.
Prisoners Hetnraed to llaytoa.
DAYTON, O.. Feb. .-A dramatic lncl
dent in connection with the 8ptnneld riot
and the secret removal hero of Edward
Dean and Preston Ijidd to escape the mob,
was enacted tonight. I'nder an order from
the officials at Springfield, Deputy Sheriff
Lawrence and Detective Long of Springfield
arrived here after dark to take the men to
Springfield for identification by M. M
Davis, the railroad brakeman, who was re
ported as dying. Tho boarded a traction
car, but at Medway. a station seven miles
from Springfield, were met by a courier
who had been sent to Inform them that the
coming of the prisoners was anticipated by
the mob and that they would certainly be
lynched if taken Into the city. The officers.
with their prisoners, made a record-break
lug run bark to Dayton, going tho distance
of twenty miles In twenty-five minutes on
a special car provided by the traction com
BOND FORGERS PLEAD GUILTY
Men Implicated la Sale of Bosaa
Norfolk Seearltlea Remanded
NEW YORK, Feb. 28. -The plea of guilty
In the Norfolk Western railway 14 500.00
bond forgery rase was, entered today be
fore Recorder Goff. following two Indict
ments by tho grand Jury, charging Samuel
J. Humphries of Brooklyn and Douglas K.
Smith of Manhattan with forgery In the
flrst degree. They were arraigned, together
with Charles Augustus Scton and Charles
T. C. P. Colmey, both of whom had been
previously Indicted on the same charge.
All the defendants except Colmey pleaded
guilty and were remanded one month for
OPERATOR SHOOTS SHERIFF
Wlsraaala Uncial aad Hallway
F.ssloe MlataAte Earh Other
HURLEY. WU-, Feb. -Under Sheriff
John E. Sealy waa aliot and killed bare
early today by Ooorga Greenwood, a Wis
consin Central operator, who mistook Sealy
for a burglar. Sealy llkewiae mistook
Greenwood for a burster, saiio bad lak-.n
rsfua in the depot.
MOYER HEARING BEGINS TODAY
(.rand Jary Will Heal Invest taxation
vf Meaweaherar Harder at
BOISE, Idaho, Feb. SK.-It has been
definitely decided that the Investigation of
the case against Moyer and his associates
for the murder of former Governor Frank
Bteunenberg shall begin before the grand
Jury at Caldwell tomorrow. It is not known
whether Harry Orchard, who Is said to
have confessed to hi part In the crime,
will be taken bcfoie the Jury. In the state
ment made by Governor Gooding resm-cl-Ing
the confession made by Orchard it was
said that the prisoner had told of two un
successful attempts to slay the former
governor. One of these was an effort to
shoot him at his home a week or so before
the tragedy. A favorable opportunity, how
ever, did not arrive. Before that. It seems,
a bomb had been laH, in the pathway
taken by the governor,' It was arranged
with a wire stretched rfcross the path. The
Intended victim, however, unconsciously
stepped over the wire and never knew how
close he had liecu to ftVath. That was tho
same bomb afterward used for killing him.
Fred Miller, tho alloney employed some
weeks ago to act asf counsel for Hurry
Orchard, today secuhd an order from
Judge Smith, who l-4to try the Bteunen
berg case at Caldwell, permitting htm to
see his client. Mr. Miller expressed doubt
that Orchurd's confession implicates the
Western Federation of Miners. Tho prose
cution Is guarding thchard more closely
than any of the other nun under arrest In
Floyd Thompson, representative of the
Colorado Mine Owners- association, who is
here, is wild to want the prisoner. Vincent
St. John, in connection with the murder of
Arthur Collins at Tellurlde. Detective Mc
Pailand has stated that St. John is not
l Implicated by Orchard's confession lit the
DENVER. Colo., Feb. 'JK. According to
Harry Orchard's alleged confession, it was
learned here today, the bomb with which
ex-Governor Steunenberg was killed- at
I Caldwell, Idaho, December .TO lust, was
manufactured In Denver. Orchard. It Is
said, confessed to having secured the lead
receptacle, in which the explosives were
placed, from Charles T. Roach, a plumber
at lfiSl Court Place, diagonally across the
street from the "furniture store of Geoi-ge
A. Pettlbone, oue of the suspects now
tinder arrest In Idaho. Mr. Roach said to
day that lie recolleeted having made this
lead receptacle and gave a description of
the man who ordered it which tallied with
that of Orchard.
ANDREWS FOR NEW SPELLING
Chancellor of t nlverslty of Nebraska
Introdaeea Resolution In School
IAI"J8VILLK. Ky., Feb. 2S.-The dele
gates to the convention of the department
of supcrintemZs.tts of the National Edu
cational association (Voted today to hold
the next annual meeting in Chicago. Tho
date for the conventlpn will be announced
W. W. Stetson, state superintendent of
schools, Augusta. M.. 'vi-n elected president
of the association, ami lu tl. Sec.ley, presi
dent of Iowa State Normal school. Cedar
Falls, la.. wa.s chosen first vice president.
The subject of reformed spelling was dis
cused and upon motion of Dr. F..' Benjamin
Andrew of the Cnlverslty of Nebraska a
resolution was adopted recommending that
Ihe department of superintendence request
the National Educational association to
order that the twelve phonetic words be'
used hereafter in all Its publications.
The reforms contained In the resolution
if adopted by the National Educational as
sociation will affect the spelling of twelve
words in all schools of the . rnltcii states.
Following are the changes recommended:
"Kianess"' for bus'.ness, 'Vnuf for enough,
fethi-r" lor feather, "mesure" for meas
ure, "plesure" for pleasure, "red" for read.
rur for rough, "trauf for trouah. "thru"
for through, "tuf for tough, "lung" for
tongue, "yung" for young.
At the main session tonight the most Im
portant papers were read. Miss Julia Rich-
man, disirlrt superintendent of schools.
Now York, dealing with the problem, "The
Ircorriglble Child," and Judge Ben l.lndsey
of the juvenile court of Di nver speaking
on "The School Court."
Among the auxiliary meetings today was
thst of Ihe Society of College Teachers of
Education, which, after considering a
variety of technical subjects, elected offi
cers as follows: James K. Russell, dean of
teachers' college, Columbia university. New
York (re-i-lcrtedl. chairman; Prof. Frede
rick E. Bolton. University of lows, secre
tary and treasurer.
LEITER CASEjS POSTPONED
Charge of Violating; Illinois Mlnlnar
Law lioea Over I at II Next
D1QOIN, III., Feb. a The prosecution
of Joseph I-eiter, owner of the Zciglcr coal
mines, on trial at Benton, charged with
violation of the state mining laws on sev
oral different counts, today was postponed
for one year. A motion was made yester
day afternoon by State's Attorney W. P.
Sector that the case lie continued untft the
next term of tho Franklin county court, on
the ground that one of the principal wit
nesses was absent. The continuance was
granted today and at the instance of At
torney General W. H. Stead of Illinois, the
prosecution was postponed until the Febru
ary term of court in 1307.
Hon Sncceeds Father.
NASHVILLE, Tenn.. Feb. 2S.-The board
of directors of the Nashville, Chattanooga
St. Iiouls railway today elected John W.
Thomas, son of the late Major John W.
Thomas, president and general manager of
the road. J. F. Smith, general trame man
ager, was chosen vice president and gen
eral traffic manager and Major E. C.
I.ewis. who has hn p,-i!rtR president since
the death of Major Thomas, was mude
chairman of the hoard of directors
The Business Office
THE OMAHA BEE
Will Hraftr Ba la the
Ground Floor Corner
THE BEE BUILDING
Seventeenth and Firnara Sts.
ATROCITIES ON THE CONGO
Omaha Audienoe Listens to Recital of the
Cruelties Now Practioed.
KING LEOPOLD'S AWFUL SLAVE TRADE
Millions of macks Mntllated or war.
dered that Ihe Rubber Monopoly
of the Moaareh May Thrive
aad Proa per.
Appalling almost beyond the power of
words to express were the details narrated
last evening at the First 1 Congregational
church by Rev. H. S. Johnson. D. D., of
Boston and Mrs. Harris of the Interde
nomlnstional society of London, who held
a mass meeting under the direction of the
Congo Relief society. Dr. Johnson and
Mrs. Harris told of the atrocities prac
ticed on the Congo natives under the
knowledge and for the benefit of King
Lopbld II of Belgium. As the result of
the interest aroused by the speakers last
evening those present expressed their sym
pathy wtih the work being done by the
Congo Relief society by rising.
J. C. Wharton, F. W. Foster and H. S.
Leavltt were appointed a local committee
to draw up a set of resolutions which will
convey the sentiments of those at the
meeting. Copies of the resolutions will Ik
sent to the congressmen and senators of
this state, to President Roosevalt, Secre
tary of State Root and congress. William
Fleming was appointed as secretary of the
meeting and custodian of the I'll nils given
by those Incoming memlicrs of the relief
Christian People hoald Aet.
Lst evening's meeting was fairly well
attended. Judge Howard Kennedy pre
sided and Introduced Dr. Johnson, who
u.s me ursi spcaacr. ui- jounsoii sum- ,
man red the terrible condition in the Congo
state and' the work being done by t lie
Congo Relief society in arousing public
opinion and getting the nations to act.
Asked In what manner relief could be tfiven
the benighted people, he declared as his
private opinion that Christian people could
raise such a storm of Indignation that con
gress would act in some manner and that'
the Christian nations might have a confer
ence. Issue a Joint note lo be followed
either by ihe deposition of King Ix-upnld
or the giving of the Congo state as a nation
to Belgium. The fact thut Secretary Root
has declared this country can take no
action in the pienilfes as a nation should
serve as an Incentive for action by Chris
tian people, rather than as a deterrent,
Ihe speaker said.
Enormity of the Slavery.
"King I.eopold has embezzled the !,(
square miles of land In the Congo state
and he taxes each man 2ft days of labor
each year for his own selfishness," said
He gives the natives the
equivalent of 5 cents for each two weeks
of work. He guards the millions of slaves
with 30,(KiO cannibals, who are armed wltu
modem rifles and rapid Aring guns. Muti
lation is commonly practiced. In one dis
trict alone over S,i"0 tight hands were cut
off. His sentries pillage and burn villages
w ithout pity. This- king has devised the
most terrible scheme of intimidation the
world, Has ever sfcrt. Not. only Is I-oilil
on Judgment iK-fnre Uod, but the Cljrlstlau
people of the world arc on Judgment to sec
that these terrible inhumanities are
Tasks and Atrocities.
Mrs. Harris,' who lias worked in the
Congo state for seven years under the
auspices of a Ixmdon Missionary society,
told of her own experiences among the mil
lions of people In the Congo country. 8he
told of' the gathering of rubber for Ieo
pold's agents; of how the natives are sent
out Into the forests with baskets in which
they must gather rubber and return lo
the factories, which are guarded by sen
tries, and of the barbarous cruelty prac
ticed on those who fall to perform a re
quired amount of work.
Speaking of the punishment inflicted. Mis.
Harris said: "To punish the husbands,
their wives and children are cither
thrashed or killed before their eyes. The
feet of women are cut off to secure the
anklets they wear. Little children are
dashed against posts and men are lashed
Millions Have Been Killed.
It was stated that one section was de
populated from 8,O0it to ten natives under
the reign of the king, whom. Dr. Johnson
characterized as being Insane. The coun
try now has nearly 2D,000,OtO and, accord
ing to best estimates, nearly lG.OOO'WK) have
been killed put right or died from the pun
ishment inflicted by Ixopold s agents.
Yesterday afternoon Mrs. Harris ad
dressed the Woman's club and nicnilxid
of various missionary societies of the city
at the First Congregational church. In
the evening she also spoke nt the First
RAISE OIL RATES IN KANSAS
Tret", c Aarcnta of Ivansaa Railroads
Advance Tariffs na Barrel Ship
ments Fifty Per Cent.
KAN8A8 CITY, Feb. as.-Representatlves
of all the railroads of Kansas met here
today and fixed a new schedule of oil
freight rates In Kansas in defiance of tho
maximum freight rate law passed by the
last Kansas legislature. The schedule
agreed upon today amounts to an Increase
of 50 per cent of the present schedule,
which has been in effect since the passage
of the maximum freight rate law. The new
rate will be about the same aa the one In
effect before the maximum rate law was
passed. It is said that the action of the
Kansas railway trafllc offlcUils today will
affect the independent oil shippers of
Kansas more disastrously than any of the
other patrons of Kansas railroads.' The
Standard Oil company, having a monopoly
on oil tanks, will not suffer from the new
schedule of freight rates as will the Inde
pendent oil men, who are forced lo ship
thetr oil In barrels. )
ANARCHIST TO BE DEPORTED
Immlsratloa Inapeetar l.eavea Saa
Francisco for New York with
BAN FRANCISCO. Feb. tS.-Unlted States
Immigrant lnsieetor Thomas M. Crawford
will leave for New York tonight with Bene,
detto Tordlni, an Italian anarchist who la
to be sent borne to Italy by order of the
Department of Commerce and Labor. lien
edetto served ten years In the penitentiary
of this state for burning a warehouse at
Petaluma. After his release he went to
Italy, where he was Imprisoned for carrying
concealed weapons. When released he re
turned tu Petaluma with the avowed pur
pose of murdering the officers who had ar
rested him for arson. He has been confined
in the Jail at Bants Roaa for several
months. Ha openly declared himself to be
an anarchist and In answer to a question
said that he would as anon kill the presi
dent of the United State as any oilier man.
NEBRASKA WEATHER FORECAST
Rain or Snnw In Western and Rain In
F.aatern Portion Thnrsdayi folder.
Friday Fair and Colder In F.natern
Trniperat are at Omaha leatrrdayi
Hoar. Dear. Moor. Dra.
K a m :ti I p. m 4A
B a. m...... ilo 2 p. in...... IMi
T a .ii .to a p, ni ...... R4
s s. iii :ti 4 p. m ni
) a. m . 5 p. m R.I
1 a. m an Hp. in...... AH
II a. tu -It T p. m...... IWl
1:1 ni 4,-t m p. m (Wi
tt p. in no I
ATTACKS SPEAKER'S POWER
Representative Adams Maya Such a
Feature Shonld Sot Exist In
NEW YORK, Feb. . Representative
Henry C. Adams of Wisconsin, In a no
table address before the Wisconsin Society
of New York, at Its annual dinner at the
Hotel A st or tonight discussed the recent
"insurrection" In the national house of
lepreacntatlvea and defend"d Ihe position
taaen by the republicans who broke away
from their party In acting upon the Philip
pine and Joint statehood bills. Mr. Adams
Inveighed aKuinst the absolutism of the
speaker's rule in the lower blanch of con
gress, and while expressing the wannest
admiration for Sneaker Cannon personally.
he declared the conditions In the house '
me such as should not exist in u free
government and will not exist when the
people realise the facts.
Turning to President Roosevelt and his
share in the direction of the republican
party, Mr. Adams said the so-called "in
surgents," instead of bring enemies to the
president, weru his friends and admirers.
"But," he declarid, "there are other
tilings to be considered besides n prcsi-
,,., wM, Arr ,,.,, ..l.-c-tt-cl to congress
to represent the people or be but the agents
of executive desire?''
Mr. Adams added that President Rikisc-M-lt
had never sanctioned such a doctrine
and he believed he never would.
Another speaker of the evening was
Secretary of State Walter N. Houser of
Wisconsin, who reviewed "Recent Political
Events in Wisconsin."
Mr. Houser devoted the opening of Ills J altered Ills decision nnd admitted the lal
address to an eulogy to Senator LaFol- ters.
GIGANTIC DEAL IN IRON ORE
Mteel Troat arees to Buy Three
II nnd red Million Tona front
.lames J. Hill.
CLEVELAND. Feb. 2S. It Is stated that
a di;al Involving Iron ore amounting to us
great a tonnage as all the ore mined In
tho Ike Superior ranges during the more
than fifty yenrs of their operation, a deal
by which the immensely vnlunble ore prop
erties of . James J. Hill on the Mesa be
range are to pass Into the control of the
United States Stoel corporation for a period
of about thirty yenr.s Is about to be con
summated. A special from Duluth lo the
Iron Trade Review says:
"Although no official announcement has
been made, your correspondent is informed
an . anthrlty sellable beyond a - aunstfon
tlutt, all of the principal terms have been
agreed upon and the contract drawn. It
Is estimated that the Hill Interests' have
ore deposits amounting to WXi.nno.riXi tons,
which on delivery at Luke Erie ports would
be worth Sl.i,i;it,n(iii. Tin- terms of the
contract provide that the Steel corporation
shall take a lease on these properties for
thirty yeurs nnd shall pay for the ilrst
two years 7 cents ier ton for the ore
mined and 0 cents for the carrying of tho
ore from the mines to Duluth on Mr. Hill's
Ureal Northern railroad.
"It Is further provided that after two
years the price for ore In the ground shall
be Increased 6 cents every two years until
at the end of twelve years the price shall
lie XI and stny st that figure fur the re
maining eighteen years of the period. An
Important provision is that the Great
Northern shall be guaranteed freight
amounting to 10.iiori.ijoa tons annually during
the life of the lease."
MAJOR GILLETTE RESIGNS
Well Known Army F.nalnerr Takes
( harae nf Philadelphia
PHILADELPHIA, Feb. iS.-Havlng been
unable to obtain nn indellnlte leave nf
absence. Major Casslus E. Gillette, oim
of the best known engineers in the United
States army, today resigned his commission
and Mayor Weaver immediately appointed
and swore him in us chief engineer of tin
bureau of flltrat'on of the city of Phila
delphia. The position nays Sl'.oriO a year.
Major Gillette has heen In practleal
charge of the nitration bureau since last
summer, when John W. Hill, the former
chief, resigned He had obtained a leave
of absence from the War department.
While it waa well known that the munlri-
pal government was looking for a flltra- j ,"m""'n of Inkers controlled the sale
lion chief, it was nol suspected that Major'"' 1ho b'-Prod,,,t of "'r business.
Oillctte would give up his place In the ' "' ",k", Mr" Vw,lor " furnish Informa
army. The system, which will be rspablc I ,lon und"r oa,n " "" ,h witness, "and
of Altering 330,00n,i gnllons of water in I h" Ml'1 tnM nP ""M 1" nothing of the
twenty-four hours, has been In course of nort- thHt ,f 11 WB" pwfrn u,"n u nilght
construction for more than four years, and I b" mad" "f " "!"iiwould not n"or-l the corn
has cost the city nearly I3i.OiO.ono. It is I rany ,mmunl,'-"
estimated that It will take u nr om '. Ir- Durand was asked If he had hoard
three more years to complete the work.
MURDER IN JLLINOIS DEPOT
Drunken Men Shoot at Mea la Watt
ing Room, Kllllna Two
MOUNT CARMEL. III.. Feb. ffl.-Aa the
result of a drunken riot here last night two
men are dead and two others are In Jail.
C. E. Dodd and J. W. Murphy, while In
toxicated, wont to the Southern depot and
begun to annoy u crowd of men who were
In the waiting room, both were put out.
but later returned. One of the pair fired
a shot through the windows of tho waiting
room, causing all the occupants to rush
for the outside. Murphy and Dodd were,
standing at the door.
The first man to -start out of the door
was shot in the mouth, dying Instantly.
Two other shots followed. One went wild,
but tho last shot struck a man in the head
and resulted in his death a few hours later.
Both the men slain were strangers. One Is
believed to have been from Youngstown,
O. Dodd und Murphy are lu Jail. Dodd i
home is at Howell, Jnd.
larder Over Faaeral.
NEW YORK. Feb. M.-Thomaa Dettman
today shot and killed his brother-in-law.
Thomas Frnnen, dining a quarrel over the
death of Fennrn'a young wife. Iettman's
stater, whose body at the time of the shout
ing laid awaiting burial in an adjoining
room in the samo house. Dettman then put
a bullet Into hia own head dying Inatantly.
The tragedy occurred in Fennen'a home In
the Flaihush see t ion of Brooklyn. Dettman
had coma to attend the funeral and quar
reled with hla brother-in-law over a sural,
cal operation which had resulted is Mia
Fenneii a death.
DURANDON THE STAND
Special Atrent for the Government Testifies
in Packers' Case.
MR. MEEKER IS FLATLY CONTRADICTED
Witness Says Armour Superintendent Re
fused to Answer Question.
MR. ARMOUR MAKES A SUGGESTION
Tells Mr. Durand that Report Should 8ay
There Waa No Combination.
LETTERS TO GARFIELD ARE ADMITTED
Documents Objected to by the Da
fendanta Are Placed In Kvldenoa
t imrl I rates Attorneys tu
CHICAGO. Feb. ?. C. D. Durand. special
agent for the government, was on the stand
all day In the hearing of the packers' plena
for Immunity, nnd will continue his evi
dence tomorrow. Ho contradicted the evi
dence given by witnesses for thu packers
'n several Instances, the most notable being
where he flatly denied the statement mado
by Arthur Meeker, general superintendent
for Armour & Co.. while on the stand. Mr.
Meeker declared while u witness that ha
had answered all questions put to him by
Mr. Durand, and Mr. Durand today denied
Mr. Durand also said that he asked A.
H. Vecder. general counsel for the Swli't
company and one of the men under" Indict
ment In the present cose, to give evidence
during the Investigation by Commissioner
Gat Held under oath and that Mr. Vecder
replied that he would do nothing of the
kind for the reason that It might destroy
tho chance of Immunity for tho packers.
Late in the day JLudge Humphrey, who
hod declared soon after court opened that
he could not admit as evidence letters that
passed lietween Mr. Durand and Commis
sioner Clarfleld during the Investigation.
onrt I rsres Haste.
The court this morning urged 'the attot
neys to livelier efforts In tho conduct of the
case und expressed the hope that "this case
will not last until eternity."
The greater part of the forenoon was
occupied by the testimony of Mr. Durand.
After he had Identllird a large mass ol
correspondence Mr. Durand was asked
concerning his conversation with Arthur
Meeker, the general superintendent ol Ar
mour & Co. Mr. Mocker said, according
to the witness, that he was anxious to
have the report of the bureau of corpora
tions published soon.
"He suld." declared the witness, "that
the packers were suffering from attacks
In the papers to the effect that tho gov
ernment agents had discovered a combina
tion, and the report of the bureau would
dispel this. Mr. Garfield and myself were
asked by Mr. Meeker If any evidence of a
combination , had been discovered. Mr.
Garfield replied that evidence had come to
our notice tending tu show that there was .
a combination. Mr. Meeker replied that
this might appear from the action of our
zealous employes, who might do things
not in accord with the ordi-is of the super
"At this time or later, perhaps, Mr.
Meeker said he was willing to take his
oath there was no combination between
the packers. Mr. Meeker also protested
against a public 'hearing, heesuse of the
sensational reports which might result."
Mr. Durand then detailed a conversation
between J. Ogden Armour, Arthur Meek
Mr. Armour asked if the report woull
cover the matter of a combination. Tim
witness said that he thought it would noi,
and Mr. Armour ssld that ho thoua-ht
there should be a report showing tint
there was no combination.
"I told him," said the witness, "that
had received charges from various sources
that there wss a combination but I did
not believe the mutter should be puli-
j llshed nt that time because the Department
nf Jlu,,,.0 wa, then engaged III lookln-
up the matter.'
Veeder Refnses Information.
The witness then told of his conversation
with A. II. Veeder. counsel for Swift and
Company. Ho osked Veeder to furnish In
formation concerning the capital stock of
j ""tain of the Swift concessions, but Veeder
I declined; to do so.
Mr. Durand was asked by District At
torney Morrison If he had secured from
Mr. Veeder the names of the companies In
which the Swifts were interested and tbo
witness said be had, but that the names of
the Aetna Trading company, the Oppeu
helmer company and the Kenwood company
were not among them. These three com
panies are the concerns through which It
Is claimed by Ihe government tho alleged
Arthur Meeker, general superintendent for
Armour & Co., testify In the present OS so
that all Interrogations put to Mr. Meeker
by Mr. Durand during the later Investiga
tion of the beef case had been answered.
"Yes. I heard him so testify," sold Mr.
"Were all the Interrogatories put by you
to him answered as he said?"
"They were not."'
Mr. Durand was still on the stand when
court adjourned for the day.
WALL STREET PRICES TUMBLE
Heavy Liquidation Followa CaHlac
of Loan a aad Action of
I .arse Peols.
NEW YORK. Feb. 2. Very heavy Hq lau
dation was precipitated in the stock mar
ket today by the calling of loans and the
forcing out of speculative holdings by large
pools. There was no conspicuous develoj,.
ment in the situation outside nf the activ
ity in the money to account for the weak
ness, but a feeling of distrust over the
speculative situation which has been grow
ing for eome time reached a sudden culmi
nation. Declines woro violent and prac
tically no support developed In the way of
sufficient demand to arrest the decline.
Fears over the failure of the proposed
plan for the purchase of the Great North
ern ore lands by the United Slates Ste. I
corporation accounted for the a pee la I weak
ness In the Hill stocks. Distrust over the
copper merger rumors played havoc in
the metal group, but Ihe weakness became
general, with loses of three to twelve points
resulting In a long Hat of the Must promi
nent stocks in the market.
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