Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, December 31, 1905, NEWS SECTION, Page 5, Image 5

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Edition f Hand Eisential Part af But
School Eji tat.
" High School Man Declares o
First Class Curriculum fan
afford to RtfU4r This
Manuel training aa an essential part of
the best school t)fttmi waa advocated at
the recent state teachers' convntlon at
Lincoln by rrof. John E. Wlgman, head
f the manual training department of the
Omaha High achool. In a lengthy address
which left a deep Impression. A f.ill text
of Prof. Wlgmans address la her pre
sented: , The Increase of hand work, popularly
'ermed manual training In the achoola of
no inlted State, during comparatively rc-
cnt year haa been little short of
phenomenal. No school system making any
pretention of completeness ran now Ignore
the claims of manual training being a trt
of the curriculum.
Bo wlda spread has the recognition of
the rlalma become, that many of the
largeat school system In the country have
not only Introduced hand work, aa part
of tha rlaaa work In all of their elemen
tary Instru -tlon. nf the lower gradea. but
extensive and aperially equipped building
have been ererted for manual training of
boya and girla In high schools.
The rhlef aim of manual training la
durational. In perfecting our avatem of
'education, wa must make or b able to
make practical application of what we
have learned theoretically. The training of
tha hand and tha eye cannot fall to develop
and atimulate those faculties upon whose
activities much nf the success In life de
pends. The cultivated taste, the trained
ye. and the skilled hand, cannot fall to
bring forth fruit, in the home, in the work
shop. In fact, In whatever position In life
the child aa a citizen may occupy.
To do good work In manual training the
pupil must learn to concentrate hie mind
on what h Is doing. It docs not take long
and the pupil nadlly area that the more
attention he gives to hla work the better
It will be. Thus is aroused a new aplrit
and ambition. Without ambition none suc
ceed In life. With ambition the boy will
succeed, not only in school work, but In
whatever profession he may select In
after life. A burning ambition must lead
to success and It rarely fails to do ao.
. Philosophy of the System.
Let.nie quote an article on the philosophy
of munufll training from Apple ton a
Mmthiy Science, written by Prof. Hand
ford Henderson, who la director of the
lilgn school department of 1'ratt Institute,
Brooklyn, N. Y. lie has this to say:
"The session of the Hisn achool enda
.between x and o'clock. In those schools
where) he spirit of the complete life most
prevails, where that spirit of radimcy Is
dominant, you will find lioys and masters
still at wnra. at 4, tit h and even at H o'clock.
Anil it is not uncommon for it to be nec
essary to make a rule when the bova must
leave the building, in order to give the
janitors n chance to make things clean and
tidy lov the next ri-iy. In the morning the.
boys come ill H o'clock, ami they would
come earlier If they were allowed."
This voluntary devotion to the achool la
not, to me, without a deep significance. 1c
snows that boys are happy at tnelr work,
that they are alive and Interested. It Indi
cates a measure of self-realisation. My
contention Is that there is nothing which
contributes so much to the hoy's spirit as
tiie i per attention given to manual train
ing. w
"resident Vuodrnw Wilson of Princeton
says: "I rejoice to see manual training
recognized as a part of the liberal educa
tion. No one can doubt that It has played
a prominent part In placing this country In
Its present position, and America cannot
a lloid to over-emphasize any one feature of
Us education. It cannot attain Ita Industrial
supremacy unless its lads are taught skill
in handicraft, aa well aa In letters. Ameil
cans must not have the narrowness, the
provincialism of being able to do only one
thing. They must be able to turn their
hand to anything that comes Into their
natural workshop."
strong- Argument and Advocate.
Could there be a stronger argument for
the development of manual training, or
could there be a stronger advocate? The
words of' Dr. Wilson surely deserve our
most careful consideration, for he Is not
only one of our leading educatora, but la
also the head of one of America's greatest
educational Institutions.
V hen President Kllot of Harvard lec
tured In tha Congregational church In
Omaha a few yours ago. he said: "Educa
tion changes each year and becomes richer,
in former years had but three profes
sions, that of the doctor the lawyer and
the minister, but now we have many pro
fessions of high standing, and to all of
these professions' manual training Is es
sential." The doctors In early days did
nut have manual training, therefore their
Mngera were not educated. When a doctor
of the old achool van called upon to re
duce a fractured limb, he waa never sure
of the results, for his uneducated fingers
could not always properly place the bones
In tholr correct positions. Therefore we
have many cripples, solely from poor,
awkward work In reducing fractures. The
only recourse of the patient IS to have
the limb rebroken and then properly set or
resort to the courts lor damages.
The young man who wants to be a doc
tor In the twentieth century should take
manual training In the high school. After
wards let him go to the medical school to
get hla diploma, then to a country town,
wh.Me he hangs out his shingle, while
waiting for a patient. Finally he geta
a call, from a place six miles from town,
a man has fallen through the floor of the
haw mow and broken hla leg. Tha doctor
examines tha leg, goes out to the woodpile
and splits a few wpllnt. dresses them up
with a Jack-knife, and goes In to the pa
tient. lie then places the patient on a
table, straightens out the leg very qnre
fully to get a good Joint, puta on -the
splints, and docs u good mechanical Job.
Two months later we find the patient walk
ing Into the doctor's office. Tha Job is
well done, and the doctor pulls .his leg
once more. All this helps his reputation.
Mind Mast B Concentrated.
As was said before, to do good work In
manual training the pupil must learn to
concentrate his mind on the work he is
doing. It does not take long and tha pupil
Bow frequently doe a head line simi
lar to the above greet ua in the newt
paper. The rush, puah and strenuous
no of the American people ha a strong
tendency to lead up to valvular and othot
affections of the heart, attended by ir
regular action, palpitation, dlulneaa,
mothered sensation and other dinrcas
Injr symptom.
Three of the prominent loiredleuta of
which Or. Fierce irolden Medical Dis
covery la made are recommended by some
f the leading writers on Miutria Sttdica
for the cure of Just such rases. Golden
heal root, for instance, la said by the
L'sniD States IKspb.nsatobt, a stand
ard authority, "to Impart tone and in
creased power to the heart's action."
Kuuerous other leading authorities rep
resent Golden Seal as an unsurpassed
tonic for the muscular system In general,
and aa the heart is almost wholly cora-
Jiosed of muscular tissue, It naturally
ollowa that it must be greatly strength
ened by this superb, general tonic. But
probably the most important ingredient
of " Golden Medical Discovery, ao far
ts its marvelous cures of valvular and
ether affections of the heart are con
cerned, is Stone root, or Colitiisonii Can.,
Trot. Wa, Paine, author of Paine's
Epitomy of Medicine, says of It:
I. not long since, had a patient who was
ao much oppressed with valvular disease of
the heart that his friends were obliged to
carry hire un-sialrs. Ua. however, gradually
recovered under the Influence of Colllnaonln
medicinal principle extracted from atone
root), sad Is now attending to his business.
Heretofore phjrsicisuti knew of no remedy
(or he removal of so distressing and su dan
gerous a malady. With them It was all
gufue-work. ana It fearfully warned the
afflicted that death was near st hand Ool
tlnsonlB unquestionably affords relief In
such cases, and la most Instances affects a
Stone root Is also recommended by Dra.
Hale and EllingwooU, of Chicago, for
valvular and other diseases of the heart.
The latter says: "It Is a heart tonic of
direct and pthnaixtttf Influence.
"Golden Medical Discovery," not only
urea serious heart affections, but Is a
most efficient general tonic and Invlgor
ator. strengthening the stomach, Invig
orating the liver, regulating the bowels
and curing catarrhal affections in ail
porta of tha system.
Dr. Pierre's Pallet cure Constipation.
to his work the better his work will he.
It will arouse a new spirit and ambition.
H loves his work when he finds that with
hands and eis he csn accomplish some
thing. When he planes a piece of Wood,
lays out the exercise in hand, with a knll.
from a blue print before him. works to the
lines with Ms tools, and when flnlh-d
he finds he has made good Joints and has
a nice piece of work, how happy he is.
The more he works the better he likes It.
During all this time, as la natural, he Is
doing a good d"al of thinking. esperlnlly
as he knows that after he leaves scnonl he
will have to work. That boy will want to
find that for which he Is best adapted, and
It Is the great problem with parent, what
will my eon do when he leaves school?
What profession will he follow? Manual
training has done much to solve this prob
lem for many a young man and psrent.
If a pupil In manual training and me
chanical drawing Is marked to to I'W, and
he has the same high standing In his other
acsdemlc studies. It would Indicate an
aptitude for the various following pro
fessions: Engineering, mechanical, elec
trlcHl, civil or mining: arcnitecture. sur
gery and dentistry. The price of success
In each of the above named professions
Is ths ability to rapidly and skilfully ma
nlpulste tools and Instruments. In other
words, they must be first-class mechanics
or failure awaits them, lawyers should
tie able to read mechanical drawings, for
In many, many contract cases tiiey are
used as evidence. Even ministers would
be able to pound out better and more
effective sermons If they had been taught
that the only way to drive a nail straight
w-aa to hit It squarely on the head.
Manual training Is a leader to ail of there
professions; It Is one of the greatest educa
tors In our school system, because It may
serve aa a stepping stone to so many diner
ent fields of activity. Even as an attribute
to good citizenship. It broadens the facul
ties and encourages a healthy respect for
skilled labor. Skilled labor for which a cry
goea up all over the land, decrying the 'act
tnat the demand Is greatly In excess of tile
Leader ta All Professions.
Manual training applies equally to bos
and girls, for the girls take up domestic
science and art In the schools. Time Is lack
ing to explain fully the value of manual
training tor glrla, but you will not have
to wait long to see domestic science In the
elementary and high schools, in colleges
and universities In the state of NehrasKa.
If you go to the university you will find
puplia with white aprons and caps on, mak
ing use of their chemistry as an aid to do
mestic science.
There are among pupils busy hands and
sluggish brains. Put the hands to work,
and you arouse a new spirit, and the girl
, will do some thinking. You may find her in
. a short time In the sewing room, making
! a new dress. This may be the first time
that she could concentrate her mind on her
work, and she may become one of the best
pupils, aa a result of Interest aroused In
manual training.
1 went to Philadelphia some years ago
and visited Irexe Institute. I found the
school well equipped for cooking and sew
ing. One of tiie professors informed me
that the teacher in sewing takes the girls
of the graduating class to the dry goods
stores, to select, with the teacher's assist
ance, the goods for their graduating dresses.
They take the goods to school, working in
pairs, they fit one another, end make their
own graduutlng dresses. This Is applied
Mechanical Drawing; First.
In the high school system for manual
training th first instruction a boy re
ceives should be mechanical drawing. He
makes a drawing of the exercise he is to
make. When the pupil has his drawing
finished, the Instructor should ask for the
dullest Jac'.t plane Iron In the room. A
boy brings hi in a plane Iron, dull and full
of nicks. The Instructor then lakes tho
class to the grindstone and demonstrates
to the class how to grasp the plane iron
with both hands, to press the elbows
closely to the body, to lean forward and
to grind the plane Iron.
Each pupil is all attention. Not a sound
Is heard In the room save the plane iron
on the grindstone. After a few minutes
the plane iron Is ground and It has a wire
edge. The pupils sit on the work bench
In front of the Instructor, while the in
structor puts the oil stone in the bench
vise, shows tho proper position of the
feet, shows how to stand erect, to grasp
the plane iron with both hands, and to
bring It down on the oil stone to the Itevel
aa on the grindstone, then to raise the
hand a shade, for a second bevel, a few
long sweeps on the oilstone and the wire
edge Is gone. The whole thing Is done In
five minutes.
After planing the Iron In the stock, the
Instructor will show how to raise and
lower the Iron In the stock, how to work
the lever from right to left. Ho will then
get a piece of material, ten snches long
and one and three-eighths inches square,
then start and plane one side. The plane
ts sharp, and the boy miles, it's so easy.
The block is gauged 'to one Inch and a
quarter, then sawed to nine Inches and
sandpapered. Each boy gets a block to
practice on. Then the fun begins, the
planes are dull, some have got nicks In
thm. and trouble soon develops because
all-want to grind. A few can get shav
ings and are happy. Soon the bell rings
and it's all over.
Points In Conclusion.
In conclusion, let me say that it Is well
to bear In mind that we ure living In the
Twentieth century and a most progressive
age. The cause of education must not be
permitted to lug behind the other forces of
During the post, education In our high
schools has been too much a matter of
accident and tradition, as we are told by
o less an authority than President David
Star Jordan of Iceland Htanford.
He snld: "For too long a time It has
been thought that the active brain could
oniy be developed by studying a certain
amount of mathematics or Ixtin. as a mat
ter of mental discipline; thnt studying and
analysing a certain amount of literature
led to a love for the best In that form of
If we are to Judgn by results, these
laudable purposes do not seem to have
been fully accomplished. Nor can we hon
estly claim that schools are turning nut
the high grade of citizenship that their
long existence and the great amount nf
money spent on them would lead us to
In fact, the coming school must lie more
democratic In Its tendencies. It must bo
of such a nature that there Is a prepara
tion, not only for so-called culture, hut
for the trade, the arts and the commercial
Manual training, with all that this im
plies, must and will take its rightful place,
with full recognition of its Importance In
developing the heat grade of citizenship.
It cannot, neither will it yield Its function
In favor of any other high school depart
Men Who Refuse to Obey auaerlora
appeal la Vain to the
MILAN', Dec. Jo (Special Cablegram to
The Be.) Some time ago the Holy Synod
of Athens, s a disciplinary measure, for
bade the arrhfkiandrles of Comls and Monte
Santo to celebrate religious services In the
Oreek church In Venice, whither a new
archimandrite was sent, the two others be
ing ordered to return to Greece. The lat
ter, however, refused to leave the houses
they occupy in Venice which belong to the
Before leaving Vepice Queen Olga, with
her suite, attended service in the Greek
church and while entering the sacred build
ing her majesty was addressed by the arch.
Imandrlte of Comis, who protested against
his punishment. The scene was repeated
by the Archimandrite of Monte Santo as
the queen waa leaving. Her majesty was
astonished by the audacity of the rebellious
prelates, who followed her, continuing their
protests for a long time. They still refuse
to leave Venice and trouble in church cir
cles may be the result.
nonunion Man Klree Into Crowd that
tttneked Him on Hla Return
from a Funeral.
NEW ORLEANS, Dec. -Tho first blood
shed In the strike of the carriage drivers
against the undertakers occurred today
when Paul Joseph, a driver, was shot and
fatally wounded by Clarence Enos. a non
union man. While the latter was emptying
a funeral load, he was attacked by strikers
and their sympathisers and drew his pistol
and fired into the crowd.
ranle Averted.
In case of constipation, peritonitis, etc..
panle Is averted by curing yourself with
Dr. King's New Life pills; 2 ceuts. For
sale by Sherman McConnell Drug Co.
Diamond Rings Frenser, lMh and Dodge.
Impossible to Predict Bsiult of Idorsment
Now in Foree it Orient,
People of China ee la Withdrawal of
roree Confession that Other
Powers Fear Strength
of Peking.
HONG KONG. Dec. 30. tSpeclal Cable
gram to The Bee.) It la Impossible to esti
mate tho change that is going on In China.
Klrst of all, there is a growing reatiessness
among the students and the merchant
clasaes. Much of this may be due to the
moral effect caused throughout the country
by the defeat of a great western power like
Russia by Japan. JJver since the con
clusion of the war China's time-honored
tactics of evasion and passive obstruction
have given place to the definite expression
of the policy of China for the Chinese and
to a deliberate and organized resistance to
all foreign Influences.
Among the many causes contributing to
this Idea of China for the Chinese and a
deliberate and organized resistance to all
foreign Influences may be mentioned the as
sumption on the part of the Peking gov
ernment that the Anglo-Japanese alliance
guarantees the integrity of Chinese terri
tory coma what may. Then there la the
action of the Cnlted States in failing to
perceive that the recent boycott Is merely
one manifestation of a general anti-foreign
policy. The adoption of an attitude of
conciliation by the Americans Is a policy
wnich Asiatics would naturally miscon
strue. Again there Is the Influence through
out the provinces of large numbers of half
educated students who have returned frorrt
Toklo Imbued with the idea that China la
capable forthwith of following the example
of Japan. These students are proclaiming
crude ideas of China's sovereign rights and
urging the abolition of extra territoriality.
Naturally, all these things have an effect
upon the gnorant officials. More, their in
fluence appears to obtain additional weight
from the presence in different towns and
villagea of numerous Japanese advisors and
Instructors. Finally the withdrawal of the
British China squadron and the reduction
of the allied garrisons In the north have
been construed as a sign of weakness.
Trouble Over Coorts.
With reference to the mixed court the
Chinese newspapers and all public meetings
continue to urge the removal of the British
consular assessor. They denounce the ac
tion of all foreign authorities having any
rights whatever, and Insist first of all on
tho right of Chinese officials to control the
court. The attitude of the olliclals Is dem
onstrated by a speech mode by the Shang
hai Tsotai to a deputation from the native
Chamber of Commerce, In which he praised
the bravery of the Chinese magistrates for
maintaining the country's sovereign rights.
One fundamental cause of the feeling
against foreigners Is undoubtedly the dis
crimination caused by the Chinese exclusion
laws against Chinese emigration to the
I'nlted States and the feeling that they are
r.ot allowed in America, although Japanese
are freely allowed in the republic. So
bitter is this feeling in certain Chinese cir
cles that many are agitating the propo
sition of China going to war with the
United States.
Among the results of the situation thus
created may be mentioned the following:
Apparently sincere efforts are being made
and maintained by the provincial authori
ties, following the example of Tuan Shlh
Kai, to bring their military forces Into a
state of efficiency with the aid of Japanese
and American instructors. The native news
papers speak enthusiastically of China's
capacity in this direction, as displayed in
the recent maneuvers in the north.
Again, there is a determination, equally
pronounced In Peking and the provinces, te
grant no further concessions to foreigners
snd to endeavor to recover the control of
those already granted. This Is accompanied
by chaotic proposals for undertaking rail
way and mining enterprises under the Aus
pices of the provincial officials and gentry
who are everywhere busily engaged In or
ganizing bureaus of the usual corrupt type
and devising visionary schemes for carrying
out such undertakings under purely native
Circulation of Mischievous Literature.
The circulation, with the tacit consent of
officials, of mischievous ant I-foreign litera
ture of a type similar to that with which
the boycott movement wag organised In the
Kwang provinces should not be overlooked,
it Is evident that there Is a persistent agl
tation going on. carried on in the na'ive
presa and at public meetings, for the main
tenance of China's sovereign rights against
foreign aggression. The spirit which ani
mates these utterances has Just been shown
by the organization of a patriots' league of
youths, which proposes te boycott all eg
gressora. Again, the treaty revision com
mission, at no time disposed to facilitate
commercial relations, is now openly oh.
structive. as has been demonstrated by tho
course of the commission during the recent
German negotiations.
Perhaps most significant of all Just at the
present time Is the attitude of the man
darins furnished by the disgraceful scene
which occurred at the mixed court nt
Shanghai recently. Probably It Is only fair
to say that the Incident would be only of
local importance were It not a manlfes's
tlon of a general policy which, utile's
bv foreign Powers, must h. , "'T " !
results and endanger future friendly rrlv v j Th , ' , . M'n, P"k'
turns. It is believed that It Is high timet ? T at,raP,e1 considerable -tha,
united sctlonl, taken by the "ommer ?n" "c -irele.
clal power, to wan, the Chinese government ! .!.? I""" w"n h"n-
' - . rc,i jt.i-H
nese government
and the provincial viceroys of the Inevi
table consequences of their encouragement
ot the present tendencies, for the conse
quences of which they must be held In
dividually responsible.
OTrllat Would Send British Poor to
othes Lauds for Their Own
LONDON. Dec. 0.-8peclei Cablegram to
The Re.)Mr. Rider Haggard wss in an
epigrammatic mood when he made his ad-
aresa oftore me council of the Charity
Organisation society at Deniaon house. He
spoke on the subject of "The Poor and the
Possibility of Land Settlement it Home
and Abroad."
Mr. Haggard said that the absolute lack
of prospects which confronted the agricul
tural laborer and the acutenees of tho hous
ing question resulted In migration to the
towns and a mass of poverty which was
met aa far as possible by public and private
"But." Mr. Haggard added, "you might
as well think of converting the Sahara into
a fertile place with the aid of a watering
pot as to think that you are going to do
away with this mass of poverty by charity
and doles."
Mr. Haggard's remedies are home settle
ments and colonisation. "It la said that
there is no land to be obtained In England,
hut the small holder cannot be kept forever
out of the rustic Eden by aa angel In vel
veteens with a double-barreled gun."'
The land, said Mr. Haggard, must he pur
chased voluntarily if pthls, not by
some arrangement by which no one would
suffer. Co-operation waa necessary. There
must be people a banks and thrre piust be
a system of advancing money to d-servlng
persons to enable them to take or develop
their holdings. The state ought to take the
matter up In earnest, and there m'ist be
an entire change of Its attitude towards the
As to colonization he had devised A
scheme which he thought would work well
on the ample fields of Canada, and although
he had been criticized by soclsllsts and
ethers, he held that to take away the peo
ple who were retting In the cities was bet
ter thsn to leave them to rot.
"It Is better thnt they should make their
wan,- to the colonies ami in the i-olonles
than that they should be walking about
London carrying a banner, "Curse Tour
Charity' on one side and a collection bom
on the other."
(Continued from First Page.)
to note the position of Herr Bebel. Though
he has become very wealthy, the great so
cialistic leader, now 66 years of age, still
wave the red flag of '. Whether It Is his
wealth and the feeling that he does not
practice what he preaches that haa caused
the revulsion of feeling towards him by
the Socialists on the continent or not it Is
difficult to say. He remains one of the
finest orators in Germany, but there Is a
feeling that he new sways by the Intellect
where a few years ago he swayed by an ap
peal to the heart. His Influence appears to
be on the wane In Germany.
Port of Spain Would I.Ike to Be Com
mercial Ileadqnnrtera - of
Meat Indies.
LONDON. Dec. 30. (Special Cablegram to
The Bee.) Lord Duncannon this week said
that he hoped the views of the Victoria
league, on the matter of a reduction of
postal rates on magazines and newspapers
between this country and Canada when
conveyed to the government would And
new ground to rest In and that the new
postmaster general would be able to re
ceive their views before he had been wor
ried and besieged by the thousand and one
objects that other people had In vi ,.
The first argument that, was advanced
against them was that of revenue. There
probably would be loss of revenue; but
he hoped that commercial arguments would
have their place. He could conceive that
in this matter what was lost in quality
would be gained In quantity. On senti
mental grounds alone there was much to
he said In favor of a reduction of the
rates. The transmission for a low rate of 1
periodicals and newspapers from this I
country to Canada would enable the Ca- I
nadlan people to keep In closer touch with I
mo objects, feelings and sentiments of
those at home.
Mr. Edgar Tripp, commercial agent for
the government of Canada, writes to the
London Times from Port of Spain, Trini
dad, aa follows:
It is said that some feeling has been
aroused in Csnada by the recommendation
of the Chamber of Commerce of Trlnidud
te subsidize a line of steamships between
?"jr5LYork ftn,! Trinidad to the extent of
ItiftOo. annually.
This feeling arose through a misappre
hension. The Chamber of Commerce did
not recommend that a subsidy should be
granted to a line of steamships between
New York snd Trinidad. What reallv oc
curred was this: Consequent upon the re
vival of the Colonial office to renew the
vnntrarr wim me Koyal Mail Steam Packet
company, which had supplied a regular
mall service between England and these
colonies for tiftv vesrs the company ap
proached Trinidad direct, offering In re
turn for a subsidy of JTS.ilOO yearly to con
u the first-class regular Itinerary te
which we had been so long accustomed,
to grant extra freight facilities, to foster
and assist the growing fruit trade, and
most Important of all, te make Port of
f?8. the headquarters of the line where
all Intercolonial steamers connecting with
the ocean boats would meet for the re
ception and distribution of cargo and pas
eepgera to tie other islands, British Gui
ana, the Spanish main. etc.. thus making
Trinidad the main depot and center of
vest Indian trade with Europe. This was
a position that the Chamber of Commerce
had long contended was due to Trinidad
by reason of Its geographical snd com
mercial advantages and the proposal of
the company therefore found favor with
a large majority of the members . The
reso ution giving effect to this feeling was
carried on August 8. Nearly a month later
via., on September 1. the Royal Mall
company announced its intention of ex
tending the service to New York after
leaving Jamaica. No member of the Cham
ber had the slightest idea that this exten
sion was contemplated when the matter
first came on foi consideration and nothing
was further from anyone's thought than
granting a subsidy for a line to New York
in opposition to the existing line to Canada.
The action of the dominion during recent
years in fostering the imperial sentiment
by the practical means of preferential trade
and tho warm interest It hns shown In
promoting commercial relations with the
British West Indian Islands have been
fully appreciated by people here. Federa
tion is In the air and many are looking for
wsrd to it with satisfaction and confidence.
Tnjs. then. Is certainly not the time when
responsive business men of the p!a e w-uM
say or do anything to create ill feeling or
friction with our fellow colonists from
whom so much is hoped.
Mysterious Power c'nusea Disintegra
tion and Death of French
Mavr.nt tn Paris.
PARIS, Dec. itO.-(Speeial Cablegram to
The Bee.) A case has Just occurred here
which closely parallels that of Mr. Clar
ence Dally, who, according to medical and
technical report, died laat October after a
I year s terrible suffering, tha result of his
"P"'"'- with X-ray. while assistant in
sV. tr.ii - .
- t"" nave sustained some
rather fcevere Injuries during the experi
msnta. In the case here In Paris the "martyr
to srlenee" was Dr. M Radiguei. For the
laet two years he has devoted himself
mainly to the study of the effects of X-rays
s curative agents, and he had repeatedly
subjected himself to their influence. Re
cently he began to suffer intense pain in
his limb, and Anally two of his fingers
were sniputated. Even this operation
yielded no relief, and the doctor flnsliv
? enduring months of agony. His
""'ranee was an expression of fer-
I thnkfulntM th4t had been ter-
mltted to establish reliable evidence as to
the effect of the Rontgen rays 011 the hu
man organism. It is stated in scientific
circles that discoveries tt an Important
charseter will be revealed from sn examl
nstion of his papers and treatises.
Hefnsea to Pay Tasea and Would
-.migrate Because ot Allowed
LONDON. Dee. auiTspeciol Cablegram to
The Bee.)-Mre. D. Monteflore, one of the
best known woman suffragist in the
world, has permlttsd the 'Myrmidons" of
oour lo remove her family
plate rather than submit to the injustice
as she calls it, of paying her Income tax 1
without representation, ghe holds th.t 1
taxation without representation Is tyrsnny
and Is ready te lead a movement ef the
women whe pay taxes but have no votes
j 8h. ,h.t ' -o
mi ma direction vt migration
elthout representation should emulate the
example of the rilgrtm fathers, sail for
new shores where greater freedom reigns,
and she la willing to head a delegation
to go to Australia or tViutb Africa.
Worklngmen Issue Dornment alua
Caar'a Agents Try Hrlng
4hout Massacres.
WARSAW. Dec. jn (Special Cablegram
to The Bee.) A dorument Issued by the
Warsaw worktngmen's committee is of
Interest as showing the attitude of work
lngmen toward the Jews. A translation
of this document follows:
Worklngmen, Comrades. Warning: We
must resist. The cur e agents are trvlng
to bring about Jewish massacres In War
saw. The thieves and burglars have been
released from J,ll. False reports of dis
graceful actions committed bv Jews are
being spread about the town In the hope
iiov uuurr me innuence or such rumors
iBnorant crowds may rush to murder anl
pillage. In this way the changeful gov
ernment is trying to drown In blood our
sacred right for liberty. It has Just done
this at Kieff, at Odessa, nt itoxtoff and
In various other places. Here certain sus
picious Individuals tried to destroy a shop
In th- Nslewskl quarter. Warning, com
rades! This Is a new move of the knlfers '
who recently committed attacks on en- j
lightened worklngmen. Ccmrailee. In the 1
name of the good, or our socialist caus".
in the name of the solidarity . nf all i
proletarians. In the name of the brother- I
hood of all nations, let us not allow our I
victory to be filched away from us. Wher- 1
ever crowds assemble we must explain to ,
the Ignorant, we must enlighten those
of our brothers who are In darkness, we 1
must warn them against th vile Intrigue
and vile government. We trtust not allow 1
any attacks on the Jews or any looting
of their property. We must defend them
if they are attacked and we must all lie
armed as best we can.
it Rule In BrltUh ol Mked
hy ffoin of (he Vonnitfr
LONDON, Dec. M. tSpeclal Cablegram
to The Bee.)-The Admiralty has Just Is- !
sued an order which will tend to greatly !
please prohibitionists and temperance ad
vocates throughout the world. In em
phatic terms it has declared against the
consumption of alcohol, except In very
moderate doses by naval officers. The
Admiralty officials claim that daily whisky
habit destroys nerve and quickness of
brain and that It Is in consequence fatal
to fleet efficiency.
Some of the younger officers are express
ing considerable dissatisfaction at what is
termed "grandmotherly legislation." How
ever, the wine books of officers are being
examined, and no officer under the age
of 20 Is permitted to consume spirits of
any kind. One objection the officers have
to this order Is that It puts a premium
on the entertainment of private gueats
and places in the hands of captains "a
power which is not enjoyed by any per
son in civil life over the prl-ate actions
of grown men in their charge. Some ef
the men are rather pleased with the order.
9,000 In the navy being known abstainers.
The marines are noted for their sobriety,
and the Bnscawen, Implacable and Bul
wark each boast of over 100 temperance
blue Jackets.
Experiments Mnde vrlth Prophylactic
on (fettle at Melnn Show
food Remits.
PARIS, Dec. Srt.-tSpeclal Cablegram to
The Bee.) Experiments made at Melun
with Dr. von Behrlng's prophylactic against
bovine tuberculosis are proving successful.
Bulls, oxen and cows of various breeds had
been vaccinated in the middle of February,
snd with a view to ascertaining whether
they had been thoroughly immunized virus
was Injected In some of them during the
montli of June. Other animals which had
not been vaccinated were treated In the
same way. The result was conclusive. The
cattle which had been vaccinated have not
betrayed the slightest trace of the disease,
but all of the others have died.
A number of physicians have been spend
ing a few days nt Mclun for the purpose of '
Investigating the whole matter, snd they j
have expressed their complete satisfaction. '
The only question is for how long are the !
vaccinated animals Immunized. If it can be !
proved that the vaccine holds good for a
year and a half or two years the problem
may be regarded us being solved.
Man Who Could Sot Stand Brutality of
Kaiser's Oflleera Knllsta
nt Prrl.
PARIS. Dec. 30. (Special Cablegram to
The Bee.) Michael Zeller. one of u he nil nf
deserters from the Sixth regiment of Royal i
Prussian Guards, hus just enrolled In the
French Foreign Legion. Zeller la u man of j
gigantic stature and would have delighted !
the heart of Emoeror Frederick the f?rtiit j
He was hidden under a voluminous cloak,
the full uniform of a Prussian sergeant. He
explained to the examining magistrate to
whom he had applied for enrollment that
he and twenty-nine comrades deserted three
months ago from his regiment in garrison
at Munster Owing to the tyranny of the
officers. Ten of them, he said, died from
privation in the course of their wanderings
through Belgium and France, while the
otner nineteen obtained employment on ,
French farms. Zeller claimed that he waa i
anxious to live and die a soldier, but that
he could not exist under the methods' m-
valllng In the Prussian army, the manage
ment being too despotic to suit him.
British Admiralty Thinks that Sailors
ire Too Familiar with Their
LONDON, Dec. So ( Special Cahirgiam lo
The Bee.) The attention of the admiralty
having been drawn to the fact that there is
much familiarity between the etty officer
and the .' Mm u ....... u . .
. ...... ,,. K inner naa oeen
Issued with a view to sloppln, the alleged
-.I 01 inn eearren or nor paying due re.
sped te their petty officers.
Henceforth nicknames are to le aholihed
In the navy. Commanding officers are di
rected to see that seamen when sneaking to
a petty officer give him his official title.
There are to be no more reference in
"matey" nd offenders against this drastic
law are (ji be severely punished. Further
more, no petty officer will be allowed to
associate witli a man of lower ratinr. us
such conduct Is now thought to le detri
mental to good order and naval discipline.
Klret of ext tear Myalem Will Be
KaTertlve In Indian
BOMBAY. Dec. 30.-1 gptsjial Cablegram
to The Bee.) Bombay Is one of lh last
cities in the world to adopt standard time.
On January 1. next Monday, town will
abandon the old system. Hitherto, with
the exception of the railway comnaiiies. the
city has observed local time, which Is shout
thirty minutes behind standard time, but
with the beginning of the year the city
and the ststlon clerk will be made to
Walter Wellman Will Attempt ta Yak
Joirnsy in Airship.
Party Will Consist of Fire Men and
Keep la Constant Touch with
World h- Wireless
CHICAGO. Dec. 3n. "Itulld an airship, go
find the north pole and report by wireless
telegraphy and submarine cables the prog
ress of your efforts."
This was the startling assignment given
a few days ago to Waller Wellman, Wash
ington' correspondent of the Chicago Record-Herald,
by Frank B. Noyes. edltor-ln-chlef
of the paper, and the commission has
la-en accepted by Mr. Wellman. As an aa
slstant on this daring expedition Mr. Well
man will have the services of Alberto
Santos-Dumont of nirls. who will have
charge of the construction of the airship
and who will act aa aeronautic director and
pilot of the ship on Its voyage toward the
north pole.
The airship, the order for which has been
given, will he built by Louis Oodard of
Paris, under the supervision of M. Santos
Dumont. snd will be completed by the end
of next April. No deflnlte date hss as yet
been decided upon as to when the explorers
will start on their Journey, but It is ex
pected that everything will be In readiness
to get away next July or early in August.
After ccnipletlon the airship will have sev
eral trials In or aliout Paris, and In June
all the paraphernalia for the Journey will
be assembled In Norway. Early In July
headquarters will be established in Spits
bergen, where the explorers will await a
favorable opportunity for the dash to the
pole, which, according to Mr. Wellman.
should the expedition meet with a good run
of luck, should be reached in less than a
Mr. Well man's Plana.
In announcing his acceptance tonight of
the proposed expedition. Mr. Wellman said:
If I did not believe the chances of suc
cess were greater than those of failure,
I should not accept the commission. Mr.
Noyes acted upon no sudden whim or im
pulse when he gave me the order to try
and locate the much sought North pole,
as he had before him a report which I
had submitted to him as the outcome of
two visits to the Inner polar regions, of
years of study, of the problem of the
pole, of many months of special Investiga
tion of airship construction and naviga
tion, the wind and climatic conditions to
be encountered and all the multitudinous
spherical and meteorological factors In
volved. In this investigation scores of
eminent experts snd specialists were con
sulted, voluminous technical reports were
received nnd, finally, a complete symmetri
cal and at least promising project was
evolved by me as representing a seem
ingly practicable combination of the latest
development of many of the arts for ac
eompi.h'"g the result In view.
The problem of reaching the North pole
by means of an airship does not require
high speed, and the present state of the
art ef aerial navigation by gas-buoyed and
motor-driven ships Is ample for that pur
pose. From an easily reached base of
operations In northern Spitsbergen we have
but SfiO geographical miles to go to the
pole and a like distance for the return
voyage. If we take the whole at 1.2H0
miles, it means but 10o hours of motoring
at twelve miles an hour. Santos-Dumont
has repeatedly made from nineteen to
twenty-three miles an hour with amall
airships equipped with relatively email
Largest Airship Ever Built.
The airship in which we propose to at
tain the North pole will be the largest
practicable airship ever built. It will he
1W feet long and its greatest diameter
will be forty-nine feet. Its surface will
measure i3.co0 square feet and Its volume
will be 226,000 cubic feet. Inflated with
hydrogen It will have a total ascensional
force of 15.300 pounds. Seven thousand
pounds will be the weight of the ship and
its equipment complete, leaving 1.000
pounds for cargo. The ship will he pro
vided with three motors with a combined
energy of seventy-horse power. It the
winds hinder no more than they help and
there are no delays, this ship can motor
from North Spitsbergen to the pole in
forty-five hours.
The airship will have an endurance ca
pacity in buoyancy sufficient to enable It
to remain twenty-five to thirty days In
the air. It will carry 6.60O pounds of gas-
iiiuie miiu iin uimnnre rapacity quring rami
weather will be eighteen miles more than
equal to the distance from Spitsbergen
straight aerfiss the pole and the whole
Arctic ocean to Alaska. Aa our alrahln
will be constructed It will be able to make i
headway against two-thirds of all the
winds that blow, even though they may
be squarely adverse, but It Is part of our
project to motor only with flvorable winds
and to anchor our ship to the Ice and
"He to" In all unfavorable winds of ve
locity exceeding one-half the normal speed
of our craft. Tho shin will be equipped
for Bate anchorage In the highest winds
ever known In the Arctic regions. In fact,
the ship will be subject to the will and
hstid of the navigator lust like a steamship'
upon the ocean. Besides the 6.5(10 pounds
of fuel mentioned, the ship will carrv also
five men, a comfortable car to live in
(which Is nlso a boat In case of needi. food
and supplies for seventy-five days, sledges
to draw tliem over the ice and. In fact, a
completely organised and equipped sledging
party ready any moment should it be
necessary to abandon the ship and take
to the lee. If at the worst our ship of
the a'r carries us onlv to the vicinity
of the pole, or two-thirds of the way to
It. we have an alternative method of travel
by which we may reasonably hope to com
plete our task and make our return to land
in safety.
Wireless Telegraph Station.
At no time will ou' airship be out of
touch with the surface of the earth. A
guide rone, so-called, but in our case a
smooth, tapering line of steel. Is to drag
In) potency.
Blood Polsoa
KIDNEY and LR1NAKY Disease
sr.i oil Dleas aud Weaknesses of
ki L.K due to evil habits of youtk.
abuses, excesses or ths result of neg
lected, unskilled or improper treat muni
01 sp-cino or private diseases.
We sunko no inMlcaSisg statements or unboalacsslike pronesl.
lions to the aUielvd, neither do we promise to euro then la a few
days, aor oner Sanaa, worthless treatment ta order to seeure their
patronage. Honest dealers of recognised ability do not resort to
such methods. Wo guarantee a perfect, safe and lusting euro In tho
gulekeat popaalhle time, wlthoa t leaving injurious after egrets la
the system, and at the lowest roat possible for honest, skillful
nnd anreesafnl treatment.
FREE eensultst lea I If you esnnot earl write for symptom blank.
1 ! and ftxsmlnallou I Office Hours a. m. to p. m. Sundays, 10 to I oaif
1308 Karaaui Street, Bctweem 13th and) litb Htreeta, Omaha, Nab,
Its lower end over the Ice. keep the ship
at a fairly stable height il'i to :ci feet.
th altitude most favorable to wl"-clcn
telegraphy) and maintain under ordinary
conditions the vertical stahility of the
Wireless telegraph stations will he es
tablished at Spitsbergen and at Hammer
fest. Norway, n miles distant. Further
than this, a wireless equipment will be
rarrled In our airship and It will e our
effort to send frequent and If possible
dally dispatches to he outside world
throughout all the time the expedition is
In the arctic regions, even from the jile
Itself should We be successful in reach
ing it.
In conclusion I wish to say that our
project hss been carefully, thoroughly
and technically developed. It Is an at
tempt to seize urn what may be railed tlm
psychological moment or golden hour In
the progress of the arts, the practical
achievements of aerial navigation by gnj
Inflated bags, the atn.islng perfection of
the Inner combustion motor, with Its sur
prising lightness of weight, its great econ
omy and efficiency of fuel consumption, to
gether with that more complete knowledge
of Arctic conditions acquired in recent
years. With these arts reduced to harmoni
ous combination by a studious and strivln
mind, it perhaps needs only the hand of
the man of action, "bold, yet not too bold."
to transmute Into success, and we will
make a valiant effort to put them all to
gether and see of whnt worth they may bo
In the extension of knowledge.
t'nloa Oil Concern to F.stnhllsh Line of
Vessels from Western
SAN FRANCISCO, Pec. ). Articles of
Incorporation of the I'nlon Steamship com
pany, which will be operated in connection
with the I'nlon OH company, were filed In
this elty yesterday. The capital stock is
It is stated that it is the purpose of the
company to enter Into the transportation
business between the Pacific coast, Panama,
and the Orient, and to also run steamers
between the eastern side of Panama and
aerlona Hlnae nt C harlton.
CHARITON. Ia.. Dec. ."A-Oharlton expe
rlenced Its second disastrous fire la the
huMnesH district last night, the lo.s being
about ITa.mi nnd the Insurance amall. be
cause Insurance companies refused to tako
big risks -until the city puts in water
works. The losses and Insurance, mado up
from best estimates at 1 o'clock this af
ternoon, sre ss follows:
. , , , , , Txiss. nnce.
Stnythe dry goods house. .. .$20,(1110 Jlilooi
J. J. Smythe, buildings Small
Englebretson Manning l.onu 2 KM
Swift, restaurant j.juo i'ono
H. (llttlnger. pub. leader 1.2i Small
C. E. Hobson, Jeweler FHO 3.m
J. C. Flatts. candy store 1.9it 1 O04I
Rurham's barber shop ,vn None
rostofflce do Nono
Joseph Brown, building Small
L. r. Maple, building &,om) bmall
Professional men in offices,
furniture, etc R,0m Small
Total $58. 4(4)
Other minor damages will swell the.
losses. Among the heaviest losers In tha
upper floors of the six handsome brick
blocks that burned were Vlers Bros., reel
estate agents: Dugan & Wright, real estate
and Insurance, and several doctors and
dentists. The Chariton Leader sustained a
loss which Mr. Olttlnger estimates as $l,20t.
The Will H. Smythe dry goods stock was
Just ready to Invoice. Dun and Bradstreet
rate the stock at $20,000, but Mr. Smythe
said today that his loss may not exceed
$15,0fi0, as a considerable part of the goods
were saved.
The fire started in a room over Swift's
restaurant at midnight, and It t.iok livo
hours to get It under control
Charlton enjoys the unique distinction
of being one of the largest citlce In tho
I'nlted States with no waterworks system.
Yesterday a petition was circulated among
the business men asking tho council to
Immediately call an election and vote a
waterworks franchise. , , .., .
Postmaster Maple did heroic work . to
save tho I'nlted States malls In the office
here. With the help of leading men of
th town the letters and papers were bun
dled up and carried to a place of safety.
A message was sent to the department this
morning that practically everything had
been saved except the fixtures, und tem
porary headquarters hud been arranged be
fore nobn. Mr. Maple owned one of tho
blocks which burned, but not the one in
which the postnfflce has been situated.
Illinois Factory.
VENICE, III.. Dec. So.-The factory of
the Pittsburg Glass and Plaster company
was destroyed by fire early today, entail
ing a loss of over $.".0,000. No Insurance.
Hundreds of figures of the staff stituary
taken from the World's fair were con
sumed. The house of John O'Brien, adjoin
ing the factory, was burned, the family
barely escaping In their night clothing, hav
ing been aroused by a pet dog, which failed
to em-ape death. An overheated rttort In
the factory Is believed to have cause the
Church In Iowa.
ROCKWELL. Ia., Dec. 30. (Special Tele
gram.) Sacred Heart Catholic church at
Rockwell, one of the largest Catholic
churches In northern Iowa, was totally
destroyed by Are this morning. Ths cause
Is unknown to the authorities. Loss on
building. $J1,(H0; furnishings, $6,000; Insur
ance, $10,000.
Semi-annual clearance sale begins Tues
day morning at o'clock. See yesterday's
ad. Benson A Thorno's Lilliputian Bazaar.
Tha Men's Try Spaolallata
for Men
If we oould but see sad treat all mil
when the first symptoms show tbsra
selves there would soon be little need
tor so-called specialists In chronio dis
(, suU Uio wuuiu be lew men
taaiig a rejuveuauug 01 their ptiy
kiuti, uifeutai kirn seAuoi powers, aud
infers wuuiu be uoua uiarked witn me
lliueilDl stamp of Cuusiuuuoiial
oiiilns, ana the sufferers Iroiu
v.Au..uCfc.L, G LtC ET, tli KiCTL'tttt
Kidney and Bladder Diseases would be
1 educed 10 a iiuniinuiu. but as lung
as MtN ouuUnu to dlsregaid lbs
gulden adage. "A stltcn In time saves
nine, ' aim continue lo neglect them
selves or to exercise ludi Serenes or
poor Judgment lit securing ths right
treatment at the outset, just so lung
will there be multitude wf uinmio