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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 26, 1905)
TIIE 0MAI1A ILLUSTRATED I1EE.
riutetuuer fct, !.
Annual Fat Turkey
1 I "turkey man, who nd lus-
noun iiiiu i y in; 'i mi
dent of the Vnited Prates, will
have a scanty number from
which to choose tills fall. Mr. Vose in a
turkey broker and middleman, rather than
a turkey grower, handling a large porpor
tlon of all the birds that are nised within
a radius of ten or a dozen miles from his
honir In years Rone by the flocks of the
tieinhborhood hnve yielded many hundreds
of turkeys, but for the last few seasona
the numbir Ims been a diminishing quan
tity. The turkey business In southwestern
Rhode Island and southeastern Connecti
cut has been pretty pearly ended. The tur
key has a precarious life from the moment
of his hatching. He Is a d'-Heate creature,
much harder to raise than chickens or any
other barnyard fowl. He is a natural
r earner, beside, and his Itinerant Instinct!
carry him afield. Into all Borts of dangers.
A mother turkey, convoying a large family
through the brambles of sn upland pasture,
sometimes finds, when she gets back home,
that one of her charges Is missing. The
chances are that he has become entangled
In the tall grass, and, being unable to extri
cate himself or make his busy parent hear,
has perished miserably at the outset of
If the turkey survives the perambulatory
perils of his youth he may be attacked by
the Insidious "blackhead." a disease against
which there is no known safeguard. At the
TUiode Island College of Agriculture and
Mechanic Arts In Kingston a scientific
study of the malady Is on foot, and It Is
hoped that some means will eventually be
found to combat It. but thus far no ade
quate remedy has been devised. In an en
deavor to strengthen the turkeys und make
them better able to withstand the rav
ages, however, a series of Interesting Inter
breeding experiments Is now In progress.
Turkeys from the south and southwest have
lieen purchased for the purpose of crossing
them with the native Kliodn Island bird.
The hybrid turkey. It Is expected, will bo
stronger and better than the pure Rhode
Island breed, though for that matter there
have, been so many infusions of foreign
blood before that the Rhode Island turkey
Is really no more a "pure" bird than the
surviving Narragansett Indians are a race
untainted by the admixture of any oilier
A Ilegnlar Custom.
Mr. Vose lives near the railroad elation
In Westerly. He has been sending turkeys
to tho White House ever since General
i iw la the lneiieiienced house-
H keeper to select a good turkey
I n tA .ai.ii r. ftta u ntMfl r:i ncrt on her
table Juicy, tender and brown, as
a self-respecting Thanksgiving
tutTiey should be? Answer Is made
In the Oregonian by Miss Lillian E.
Tingle, professor in the Portland School of
Domestic Science. Miss Tingle says: The
houiekeeper should choose a nice plump
bird ten pounds is a useful si re with
smooth, dark legs; soft, loose spurs and
full breast, with pliable cartllego at the
end of the breastbone. It will probably
be sent home ready drawn, but It is well
to assure yourself that the kidneys (lying
close to the ribs In the hollow of the buck)
have been removed with the rest, as these,
often left In by careless cooks, tends to
Impart a disagreeable flavor. See that the
oil bag In tho tall Is also removed, as this
will glvo a strong taste to the gravy. Re
move any pin feathers with a Email knlfn
and singe off the hairs by holding the bird
over the gas ring or a roll of blazing
paper. Somo people pour a little alcohol
over It and then apply a light, holding It
carefully over the sink. Wash the outside
very thoroughly with water In which a'
little cooking soda has been dissolved. Next
rut off the head, slip the skin back from
the pock, remove windpipe and crop, 1 not
already removed; cut off neck close to the
body, put It Into cold water and reserve
it for the gravy stock. If the crop and
windpipe were removed by the marketman,
there will probably be a gash In the skin
which will have to be sewed up.
The bird should be sent home with the
feet left on. Cut through the skin about
two Inches below the leg Joint; bend the
Seg at the cut over the table edge and
break the bone. Then pull out the ten
dons one by one by twisting a small skewer
under each, or use a regular tendon puller.
Be careful not to cut any deeper than the
skin, or the tendons cannot be removed,
and will render the drumstick hard In the
roasting. Dip the broken ends of the legs
Into boiling water to remove the outer
skin. These ends afford more length for
tying when you come to the trussing, pre
vent the leg meat from shrinking unduly
from ths bone and can be removed after
rooking, leaving a clean, unburned Joint.
Save the feet; later they can be scaled, and
have the outer skin removed, then they
will help to give body and gelatinous
smoothness to the gravy. Wipe the tur
key inside with a clean wet cloth. If any
unpleasant odor Is perceptable. rinse
quickly in warm soda, water, then In cold
water and wipe dry.
Now put It into a bowl and Insert the
stuffing by spoonfuls at the neck; fill out
the breast plump and even; draw the flap
of neck skin down and fasten it with a
stitch or two on the back. Put the re
maining stuffing Into the body at the
other opening; sew up the opening, or, If
the body is not full, fasten It. with a
. small skewer. Remember to leave room
fur expansion if the dressing Is of a kind
that swells tone made with cracker
crumbs, for Instance). Sometimes two
kinds of dressing are used for a large
torkey. Neat trussing is necessary for
a good final appearance and to prevent
dryness. Turn the tips of the wings
backward and under the body, fastening
them In place with trussing needle and
string or a skewer. Draw the thighs close
up to the body, pressing them downward
on the table, secure them in this position
by passing a trussing needle or skewer
itralght through both, tie ends of legs on
1 0 1 1 1 U I C ' ' rv)J II them through their most critical
- W WM X- J UUW4 A-4. W J
No woman who uses ''Mother's Frlcill" need fear the suffering
and danger incident to birth; for it robs the ordeal of its horror
and insures safety to life of mother and child, and leaves her in
a condition more favorable to speedy recovery. The child is
alert rialtriv ctrrm rr anA '
good natured. Our book " ml V II
"Motherhood," is worth ji It MM n
its weight in gold to every UUiJv- U UL
woman, and will be sent free in plain rp f""?
envelope by addressing application to I
Cradfield Regulator Co. Atlanta,Ga. f LiU
Grant was president and. if ho wished t
follow the practice of foreign dealers In
this, that and the other commodity, he
might appropriately sign himself the pur
veyor of Thanksgiving cheer to the chief
magistrate of the nation. There can be no
doubt that the president and his family
appreciate the dr Urate attention they re
ceive at the hands of the Westerly man.
The turkey Is always the best that Mr.
Vose can find anywhere within the borders
of Westerly or Its neighboring towns. The
presidential turkey Is not always a Rhode
Island bird. Last year the one that was
sent to the White House and elicited a
pleasant note of thanks from Mr. Roosevelt
was raised on the farm of Charles B.
Palmer In the toVn of Etonlngton, Conn.,
about three miles northwest of Stonlngton
Borough. Mr. Palmer has a reputation for
taking good care of his flocks and It Is
probably because he does exercise such
constant watch over them that he raises
ome of the finest birds to be found any
where In New Kngland.
Money In Tnrkeya.
Another farmer speaking of this the
other day said: "There are mighty few
people that would take the pains he does.
I guess he puts alout as much Into his
turkeys as lie gets out of them." Yet Mr.
Palmer says there is money In turkeys If
you are careful of them. 1'hey require un
remitting watchfulness, that is all. And
fortunately, the blackhead has never given
him any trouble. Mr. Palmer's method of
raising turkeys begins with the fall More,
when he saves over a torn turkey and ten
hen turkeys for the succeeding season. If
the total egg product of these lions was
hatched the result would be a flock of KOO
or 400 young birds, but half that number
suffices for Mr. Palmer's wants. The
youngsters are born In April and May, and
during the first ten weeks of their life
are daintily reared on crackers and milk.
The crackers come by the barrel from New
London, Conn., being of the same quality
that Is purchased for table use, except that
they are In fragments. They are the broken
bits and odds and ends which the manu
facturers cannot sell to the usual grocery
trade. These pieces and crumbs of crack'
ers are mixed with milk nnd fed to the
young turkeys every morning. Then for
most of the day the birds follow their
mothers around the farm, roaming where
they will, picking up grasshoppers, crickets
and other delicatessen of the fields and
Thanksgiving Day Dinner
each side of the tall.
Place the trussed turkey in a roasting
pan und spread breast, legs and wings
with one-third cup butter and one-fourth
cup flour well salted and rubbed together.
Thick sour cream Is also good for this
purpose. Protect the breast with a sheet
of fat pork (called a barde), slit at Inter
vals. Very large turkeys are sometimes
steamed a while before baking. Another
way of preventing dryness of the breast
meat Is to use a roasting saddle, and cook
the bird breast downwards, or a cov
ered roaster may be used. Now
sprinkle a very little flour on the bot
tom of the pan and put it into a hot oven.
When the' flour begins to brown, reduce
the heat and add a little water. Baste
often with water and butter at first; later
with fat from the pan, and dredge with
flour occasionally, unless the double pan Is
used. Turn, if necessary, so as to brown
It uniformly. If the turkey is cooking too
fast protect it With buttered paper and re
duce the heat. Long, slow cooking la
necessary. Three hours to three and a half
hours at least will be needed for a ten
pound turkey. It is cooked when it is a
good, even brown, and the thigh looks as
If It would easily separate from the body.
Remove it to a small pan, and keep warm
while you make the gravy. The water
should have wholly evaporated from the
pan; pour off all but two tablespoonfuls of
fat; set the pan on the stove and stir In
two tablespoonfuls of dry flour, add salt
with discretion, scrape all the brown glaze
from sides of pan and brown the flour; adl
the liquor (two cups) In which the giblets
have been cooked (together with neck, feet,
a few pepper corns, a clove and half an
Inch of thin yellow lemon rind). Allow It
to boll up, season with pepper and salt to
taste; strain If necessary and add a few
drops of caramel , or "kitchen bouquet" If
the color Is too pale. It should be a rich
brown, not too thick, and free from grease
HANKSGIVING day, coming with
the regularity of a movable feast,
Is peculiar to the United States.
Although it must be proclaimed
by the president or governor, and
usually by both, and the time of year upd
the date Itself are left to their Judgment,
so strong is the custom that the calendars
for next year have denoted the day far
ahead of any proclamation. On the last
Thursday in November the figures are
printed in red. The banks know it will be
that day, although there is nothing but
precedent to establish it; business men
knuow It will be a day of thanksgiving and
never stop to reason why." The schoolboy,
the foot ball enthusiast, the farmer, the
poulterer, all know Thanksgiving day Is
the last Thursday in November.
As a generally observed national holiday
Thanksgiving day is barely 60 years old,
yet its history is In a measure of much
greater antiquity. Like many another cus
tom, we owe this to those stern Puritans
who "separated" and came to Massachu
setts bay to make a lasting Impression
upon the social life of the new world. The
history of the first Thunksgivlng day In
the Massachusetts plantation has been va
riously given. In Id, it Is said, a day of
thanksgiving was observed In acknowledg
ment of the Pilgrims' first harvet in Amer
ica. Those were trying days for the colonists.
The winter was one of great severity and
And tnany other painful and serious
ailments from which most mothers
suffer, can be avoided by the use of
MOtMrt PneiJ. This great remedy
is a God-send to women, carrvincr
"Over on Ellas Williams' farm." said Mr.
rainier, "you can tlnd any number of crick
ets, but on thl farm the turkeys have
cleaned them out." They are good scaven
gers and It seems a pity they cannot be
trained to hunt the disagreeable mosquito.
Much has been said about their grasshop
per diet, and the story has gone the rounds
that some farmers give to them a regular
grasshopper menu, though Just how the
grasshoppers are provided by these
thoughtful agriculturists la not stated."
Knrmles of Grasshoppers.
As a matter of fact the turkeys do eat
a good many grasshoppers, but they catch
them for themselves. There Is an aged man
In Westerly, now In his 86th year, who has
an interesting theory about turkeys and
grasshoppers. He says:
'"I used to raise turkeys, but I gave It up
years ago because there wasn't any money
In It. The blackhead got Into the flocks
and I was sheer discouraged. But I'm going
to raise another flock next year. Tou see,
when turkeys were so plentiful they ate
the grasshoppers all up, but now that no
body raises turkeys the grasshoppers have
begun to come In again. So long as there
were lots of grasshoppers you didn't hear
anything about the blackhead. I believe
the grasshopper la an antidote for the
After Mr. Palmer has fed his birds on
crackers and milk a diet which he says
. "is good enough for anybody" for the
space of two months and a half, he begins
to give them oats and corn. He has lost
thirty turkeys this year, so that his flock
at the present time numbers 120, and to
feed this number of hungry mouths takes
two bushels of grain . every twenty-four
hours, in addition to the Insects which
the turkeys find and put to their own
good use. They are very fond of
oats, and toward the end of their
autumnal career they can have just as
many as they will eat. Shortly before
Thanksgiving the turkey raiser "soaks the
oats to 'em," as one farmer said the other
day. "They don't eat as greedily as a
lien does," he added. "They will come
around when you throw out the grain and
eat a little and then walk off to forage
around the fields. Then they'll come
leisurely back and eat some more. But
they get their fill In the long run. Trust
them for that."
Turkeys are pugnacious. The other day
the writer watched two young ones fighting
as stubbornly as a pair of bulldogs. One of
them had grabbed the other by the neck
and lumps. The giblets may be chopped
and added, if liked. Remove all strings
and skewers from the turkey, place it
breast up on a hot platter, slip paper cut
let frills on the leg bones (or use tiny red
apples), and garnish as your fancy dic
tates, remembering to have mercy on the
carver and leave him room to operate com
fortably. Garnishes often used are parsley, slices
of lemon, curls of bacon, celery tips,
stuffed browned onions, cubes of sweet
pickle, fans of tiny sour pickles, tiny sau
sages, cubes of Jelly placed to halves of
pickled peaches, etc. A simple garnish is
in better taste than a more elaborate' one,
besides being more convenient for serving.
Below are two suggestive menus for an
ordinary Thanksgiving dinner:
I. OLD STYLE.
Clam broth. Buttered crackers browned.
Chestnut dressing. Glblet sauce. '
Dressed celery. Baked ham.
Mashed potatoes. Squash.
Cauliflower (Dutch sauce).
Raisins In cider Jelly.
Open apple pie. Pumpkin pie.
Fruit. Nuts. Coffee.
II. OLD STYLE MODIFIED.
Boston brown bread sandwiches.
Roast turkey with savory bread dressing.
Brown sauce. Cranberrv sauce.
Rausage cakes or curls of bacon.
Browned potatoes. Stuffed onions.
Creamed Brussels sprouts or turnip cubes.
Lettuce, apple and celery salad.
Individual pumpkin pies. Quince Jelly tarts!
Ice cream In red apple shells.
Fruit. Nuts. Coffee.
A final word about the stuffing for the
turkey. Each Individual has his or her
own particular preference, but whatever
It Is, let It be plentiful and let It not be
soggy and heavy. Heaviness is due some
Day and Its
scarcity. The Deonle. we are ouaintlv fold
"were necessitated to live upon clams and
mussels and ground nuts and acorns, and
these got with much difficulty In the win
ter time. People were very much tired
and discouraged, especially with the last
batch of bread in the oven." Wlnthrop
hud early In the preceding July sent the
ship Lion to England for a cargo of pro
visions, but ufter an interval of many
months the ship was not forthcoming. On
February 5, 1631, while the governor was
giving "the last handful of meal In the
barrel unto a poor man distressed by a wolf
at the door, at that instant they espied a
ship arrived at the harbor's mouth, laden
with provisions for them all."
A general fast day had been previously
appointed, but the arrival of the Lion,
bearing this sorely-needud relief, changed
their mourning into Joy, and. as Winturop
records In his Journal, a day of thanks
giving was held in "all the plantations."
Franklin has left an interesting account
cf the origin of Thanksgiving in America,
which is not without his humorous touch,
and which, like most of hlo similar writ
ings, u perhaps not as veracious as it
might have been. "There la a tradition,"
he wrote, "that In the plantations of New
England the first settlers met with many
difficulties and hardships, as is generally
the case when a civilized people attempt
establishing themselves In a wilderness
"Being piously disposed, they sought re
lief from Heaven by laying their wants
and distresses before the Lord in frequent
set days of fasting and prayer. Constant
meditation and discourse on these subjects
kept their minds gloomy and discontented;
and, like the children of Israel, there were
many disposed to return to that Egypt
which persecution had induced them to
"At length, when it was proposed In the
assembly to proclaim another fast, a
farmer of plain sense rose and remarked
tliat the Inconveniences thev suffered A
concerning which they had so often wearied
Heaven with their complaints, were not so
great as they might have expected, aad
were diminishing every day as the cl.jnv
strengthened; that tho earth began to re
ward tneir labor and to furnish liberally
for their substance; that the seas and riv
ers wers found full of fish, the air sweet.
the climate healthy and. above all. that
they were there in the full enjoyment of
liberty, civil and religious: he therefore
thought that reflecting and conversing on
these subjects would be more comfortable,
as tending mors to make them coAtenled
and obtained a vantage hold, and to this he
clung as If Ms life depended upon It.
Around the two squawking, excited birds
hovered the old father turkey, seemingly
anxious to separate them. He did not
actually Interfere, but the moment that the
bird with the vantage grip let go he
grabbed him In the same way and gave
him some good solid punishment in his
own coin. It was all very amusing to the
bystanders, who thought that young Mr.
Turkey was getting Just what he deserved.
James E. Lord, who lives on the Mystlo
road, Connecticut, has a few turkeys which
he keeps for breeding purposes. Chief
among them Is the rrlie winner of the Bos
ton Poultry show In 1S02, the greatest poul
try exhibit ever held. This proud bird
weighs U pounds and is a beauty of the
National Bronxe breed. ' He came from
Illinois. Mr. Vose will ship many hundreds
of pounds of dressed turkeys from West
erly before Thanksgiving time, but the total
shipment will be small In comparison with
that of some other years, and prices will
be ccrrespondlngly high.
Ths farmers will get 30 or 32 cents a
pound for the dressed birds and the pub
11a will have to pay considerably over this
for the genuine Rhode Island product.
Rhode Island for poultry purposes. Includes
the two Connecticut towns of etonlngton
and North Stonlngton. Those two towns
have become the center of the turkey rals.
Ing business in the Westerly district, us
Westerly itself has grown very few tur
keys lately. But throughout the neighbor
hood not nearly as many turkeys are
raised as formerly. Where every other
farm might once have had a flock of fifty
or seventy-five, few farms now fiossess
more than five or ten. B. F. Williams
of Mystic has some seventy-five, and other
farmers In the neighborhood are raising
twenty-live or thirty each.
Mr. Vose keeps a close watch on all the
flocks of the vicinity from time to time,
and picks the president's bird toward the
last of the campaign. There Is no telling
as yet where this favored turkey will
come from, but certainly "Dick," the pre
mier bird of Mr. Palmer's Etonlngton flock,
will be a prominent candidate for White
House honors. He will weigh 30 pounds
dressed, and is as fine a specimen as ono
would wish to see. If he goes to Wash
ington Mr. Roosevelt need not be ashamed
to nvlte in his best friends to his Thanks
giving dinner. Brooklyn Eagle.
times to too tight packing, more often to
an undue amount of liquid, or the use of
too much egg as a binding material In the
hope of getting a rich-looking dressing.
In bread dressings the best results are
obtained by uBlng freshly made crumbs
front tho center of a two-day old loaf. In
stead of the soaked crusts often employed
from motives of economy. Very finely
chopped suet for part of the shortening
helps to secure lightness, or finely chopped
fat bacon or salt pork. Melted butter may
be used to hold the dressing together suffi
ciently for stuffing purposes; little (or bet
ter still) no liquid is really needed with
such a dressing, although some people
like to add a little sherry; one-fourth cup
of melted butter to every cup (level and
not tightly packed) of fresh bread crumbs
used is a fairly good proportion. No egg
should be addod unless the dressing is to
be eaten cold and you want to be able to
For seasoning you have powdered sweet
herbs or "poultry seasoning," chopped
parsley, chopped green peppers, chopped
giblets, grated lemon rind, mace, nutmeg,
pepper, salt, ground cinnamon to select
from and combine according to individual
preference; sage Is unsuited for turkey
keep that for goose, tame duck or pork.
A llttlo onion Juice may be used if liked,
but not enough to give a decided Impression
of onion. Oyster dressing Is considered
best by many. Since long cooking tends
to spoil the oysters, the turkey Is often
roasted without them and simply accom
panied by scalloped oysters. Chestnut
stuffing (with or without finely minced
veal) Is very excellent, but the large
French chestnuts must be chosen or It will
be too troublesome to prepare. A rich
force meat (of pork and veal sausage meat)
Is sometimes used at the breast end, while
the rest of the bird is filled with some
form of bread stuffing, a method which I
personally prefer to any other.
Part in History
with their situation and that it would be
more becoming the gratitude they owed tho
Divine Being if, instead of fast, they should
proclaim a thanksgiving.
"His advice was taken, and from that
day to this they have in every year ob
served rlrcuniHtances of felicity sufficient
to furnish employment for a thanksgiving
day, which is therefore constantly ordered
and religiously observed."
While Thanksgiving day prospered In
New England, It was not until the time of
the Revolution "that it became general.
Then a day of national thanksgiving was
annually recommended by congress.
As we now have It. the fettlval dates
from 18t4, when President Lincoln issued
a proclamation for setting apart the last
Thursday in November of that year as a
day of national thanksgiving.
In nls proclamation Lincoln said: "It
has pleased Almighty God to prolong our
national life another year, defending us
with His guardian care against unfriendly
designs from abroad and vouchsafing to us
In His mercy many and signal victories
over the enemy who is in our own house
hold." Each succeeding president of the United
States has annually proclaimed a thankk
glvlng day, and this Is generally followed
by similar proclamations by the governors
of the various states.
Give Thanks, 0 Heart!
Edwin Markham in the independent. '
Give thanks. O heart, for the high souls
lliat point us to the deathless goals
r ah the courage of their cry
That echoes down from sky to sky;
1 nankss.viiig tor the armed seers
And heroes called to mortal years
bouis that have built our faith In man.
And lit ma ages as they ran.
Lincoln. Maizlnl, Lamennats,
Living the tiling tout others pray;
Cromwell. St. Francis and the rest.
Bearing the God-nre In the breast
inese re the sons of sacred flames.
Their brows marked wun Hie secret name:
1 he COUlLtallV of aniil aunreme
The conscripts of the niiguly dream.
Made of unpurchaseable stuff
They went the way when aays were rough.
They, when the traitors had deceived,
Held the long purpose and believed:
They, when the face of God grew dun,
llo.u tnro' the daik and trusted film
Brave souls ttial fought the mortal way
And fell that tulth could not betray.
Give thanks for heroes that have stirred
Eu-lh with the wonder of a Word
But all tlianksglving for th breed
Who have bent destiny with deed -Souls
of tlie high, heroic birth,
tSouls sent to poise the shaken earth.
And then called back to God again
To make heav eu possible fur men.
Special Thanksgiving Festival
(Continued from Page One.)
although in 15 a synagogue, probably
built several years before, was holding
One of the great American merchants of
the eighteenth century was Haaman Levy,
mho traded with the Indians and from
whom John Jacob Astor first acquired his
experience In the fur trade. The Jews of
New York, however, were not on a polit
ical footing of equality with the Christians
up to the revolution, and only by the first
constitution of the state of New Tork,
adopted In 1777, were they put on equality
with other citizens with full religious lib
erty. The Jews also settled In Maryland
and in Pennsylvania, as well as in Georgia.
s.nd the Carollnas. In 1816 Charleston num
bered only 00 Jews, then the largest Jew
ish population of any city In the United
States, and today it has about 2.000, al
though a proportion to the total smaller
than in 1816.
The part taken by the Jews In the War
of the Revolution, especially In rendering
financial assistance to the government,
was very considerable, and no small num
ber served In the ranks with the troops In
the field. The same is true with reference
to the war of 1812 and the Mexican war,
and in the war of th rebellion the Amer
ican Jews took a prominent part. New
Tork alone on the union side furnished
I. P96 Jewish soldiers and, according to fig
ures compiled by Simon Wolf, 7.884 Jewish
soldiers served in the union and confeder
ate armies during the civil war, though
there were at that time only 150,000 Jews
In the country. In the Spanish-American
war more than 4.000 Jewish soldiers served
in the American armies, and the claim Is
made that the first man to volunteer was
a Jew and the first to be killed in battle
was a Jew.
The Jews have taken prominent part
more than commensurate with their num
bers In American politics. Quite a number
of Jewish congressmen have served In the
lower house of the national legislature and
five have been honored with seats In the
United States senate, namely, Judah P.
Benjamin of Louisiana. David L. Tulee of
Florida, B. F. Jonas of Louisiana, Joseph
Simon of Oregon and Isidore Rayner of
Maryland. They have also been numerous
on the bench and In the diplomatic service.
Jewish activity has, perhaps, been more
pronounced In finance thnn elsewhere. Dr.
Peters declares that "tho Jew In finance
is invariably a creator and not a puller
down." Many of the great fortunes which
have been made, notably In America, have
been made by wrecking railroads and other
established Industries, but the Jews, with
comparatively few exceptions, have made
their money as manufacturers, bankers and
merchants. About three years ago the
Jewish World published a list, so far as
could be ascertained, of the names of Jews
who ranked among the millionaires In all,
some 115 Jews had reached the million mark
out of about 4.000 millionaires throughout
the states. The number has Increased
rapidly within a few years and estimates
range from 150 to 175 Jewish millionaires in
the United States today. The credit of
Jewish financiers also ranges high. The
declaration made by former Mayor Strong
of New Tork, at a meeting of the Associa
tion of Credit Men in New York, Is often
quoted. He said:
"I have lost less money selling goods to
men who are not worth anything than In
selling goods to wealthy concerns. I have
a case in mind of one who began buying
on credit of me one case of goods. In two
years his credit with us amounted to J0,
000. He was a Jew.. In sixteen years he
divided J2TX),000 with his partner. I am
about one-fourth Jew, myself that Is, I
have more faith in Jews paying than I
have in Gentiles doing so. We have lost
four times with the latter to one 'of the
former, and of Jews who failed ten have
paid 100 cents on tho dollar to one of the
In tho arts and slcences the Jews In
America are not as conspicuous as Jews
in Europe, which is explained by their
more recent efforts along these lines. Dr.
Peters' book mentions the most notable
names in the various culturo fields.
Among the writers of verso are Emma
Izarus, Penlnah Molse, Miriam del Banco,
Nina Morals-Cohen, Cora Wllburn, Dr. S.
Soils-Cohen, Mary Cohen, Rebekah Hyne
man, Felix N. Gersnn, Milton Goldsmith
and Morris Rosenfeld, tho Ghetto poet.
Among the novel writers are Leo C. Des
sar, Herman Bernstein, Ezra 8. Brudno,
Alfred J. Coqen, the dramatic critic, bet
ter known under the non de plume of Alan
Dale, and Mrs. Annie Nathan Meyer, one
of the founders of Barnard college the
first women's college In New York City.
Among the dramatists are Mordecal M.
Noah, Samuel B. Judah, Jonas B. Phillips,
II. B. Somner, David Belasco, Sydney Ros
enfeld and Martha Morton. Among the
actors are 6amuel Bernard, David War
field, Louis Mann, Joseph Weber, Lewis
Maurice Fields, Joseph P. Adler nnd Herr
mann, the prestidigitator; among the
actresses, Bertha Kallsche, Clara Llpman,
Anna Held, Minnie Seligman and Victoria
Maud Pelxotto; among the musical conduc
tors, Sam Frauko, Nahan Franko, Alfred
Hertz, Dr. Leopold Damrosch, Walter
Among the newspaper editors and pub
lishers are Joseph Pulitzer, "The World,"
New York; Adolph S. Ochs and George W.
OchR, "Tho Times," New York, and "Pub
lic Ledger," Philadelphia; M. H. De
Young, "Chronicle," Sun Francisco; Ed
ward Rosewaler und his son, Victor,
Omaha "Bee;" Fabian Franklin, the
"News," Baltimore, und William Frlsch,
the Baltimore "American."
Among the painters are Henry Mosler,
Max Rosenthal and his son, Albert; anions'
the sculptors. Moses J. Ezekiel. Charles H.
Israels. Leopold Etdlltz, Duukmar Adler
and Arnold W. Brunner.
Among the educators are Maurice Bloom
field and Jacob H. Hollander of Johns
Hopkins; E. R. A. Seligman. Adolphe Cohn
and Richard Gotthell, Columbia; Charles
Gross, Harvard; Morris Jastrow, Univer
sity of Pennsylvania; Jacques Loeb and
Max L. Margolls. University of California;
Isidor Loeb, University of Minnesota;
Joseph Jastrow. University of Michigan;
Max Winkler, University of Michigan:
Adolph Werner, College of the City of
New York, and Abrsm 8. Isaacs. Univer
sity of the City of New York; Prof. Mich
aelson, Julius Stleglitz. Ernest Freund,
Julius M. Mack. S. H. Clark and Enill G.
Hirsch of the University of Chicago.
Statistics of Jewish population of the
United States Indicate a steady growth.
At the time of the revolution there were
about 700 Jewish families; in 1818 an esti
mate of Jewish population placed the num
ber at 1.000, and In 1828 at 6.M). The Amer
ican Almanac In 1840 gives the number
15.000, while a history of the Jews, pub
lished in 18IS. puts down 60.000 as the num
ber of Jews In the United States. At the
time of the civil war there were about 150.
000 Jews in this country. The figures com
piled for 18S0 place the number at Kl 064
and In 18S at 400.000. The American Jewish
Yearbook for gives the number at
Brotuo-L (contulns do
Qnuuiie) tn k up coals la
Ihe head In a few hours
lenvt-s no bad after-effec!
like QuIuUie Prei.sratlous.
Liucs the nnrk- n.ilrUiv
fcttlely set a boi today fiom voi.r drug
ft Asa for the oruue Colored Box
'"! see tost the label reads
IWCONTAINS NO QUININE JOk
A few days ago we shipped to Ohio a furnace flrepot weighing
over 700 lbs.; to West Point, X. V., a la.ge per cent of the repairs used
In that cvlt'brnted military school; to California, Mexico, Canada, Ha
waii and as far as the Philippine Islands we ship repairs. t
A short time ago we received a letter from a man In Buffalo, N. Y.,
ordering a small piece of repair for a stove originally made In Buffalo,
and the manufacturers are still there. We did not take advantage of
this thoughtlessness, but referred him to the Buffalo dealer. Are you
from "Buffalo," hunting all over creation and waiting days and weeks
for repairs, when they can be had by telephoning 960?
Our Inspectors are at your service. We have a plumber for water
connections, furnace men and repair men to do your work.
Omaha Stove Repair Works
1206-1208 Douglas Street.
ROBERT UHT.IO, Pres.
HUGO SCHMIDT. V. Pres.
E. J. DAVIS, THE SAFE MOVER,
hoisting four tanks on a tower 60 feet high, gin pole 90 feet Mgh,
tanks 13 feet long, 6 feet through, weight 4,000 pounds, lhese
tanks were erected at Sixth and Leavenworth streets.
HOME VISITORS' RATES
A chance to visit your old home. Why not spend
Thanksgiving with old friends once more? Tho Illinois
Central makes this possible by offering exceptionally low
rates for the round trip, as shown below, with 2 day limit.
Toronto, Ont fJSS.BR
Indianapolis, Ind 928.20
Louisville, Ky $28.00
Buffalo, N. Y $83.00
Salamanca, N. Y 938.70
Cleveland, O 928.33
Columbus, O 928.15
Correspondingly low rates to nearly all points in the
For full particulars call at 1402 Farnam Street, Omaha,
DISTRICT PASSENOER AGENT, OMAHA, NEB.
Have your plumbing and nesting" done by
rumpetont men. We cheerfully give esti
mates anil guarantee our work to give en
tire Katlsfnctloii. 'Phones No. l&uti, 46U
D. W. m IH.F.O mud WKSTER HEAT.
2910 Karnam Street.
bhermiic's La Grippe
I WELL NAMED,
It was first compounded when the
scourge was at its worst (ft- M. It
has proved its efficiency thousands of
tln.es. There may be other remedies
for a slii, pie rough. LA ORIPPB
COUGH 18 DIFFERENT. This syrup
quiets at once and stops that tickling
in the throat.
FIKKT DOBI RELIEVES.
' BAMPLK FHt'K Bottles tec an4 tOa.
For chronic cases, pints, fl.M.
Muds and sold by
Sherman L McConnetl Ortig Cb.
Car. lttlh til Dg Its., Omsk.
VTbenerer you wtnt
something call Tbone
2&S and make it
known through a Bee
GEO. A. WILCOX. Treas.
C. M. EATON, Sec y.
.4 .-- ..;.."'' j. 2 '. ' " .'' : ."1 .-v'"
Illinois Central R.R.
The Date, November 27th
Cincinnati, 0 927.85
Toledo, 0 925.70
Pittsburg, Pa 931.00
Wheeling, W. Va 931.70
Springfield, 111 $17.45
Kankakee, 111 91H.00
Bloomlngton, 111 916.05
Decatur, 111 917.00
Uhe Best of
The Only Double
25 Per Cent
Than the one way fare for
round trip tickets
The Black Mllla,
Many Southern Points.
Nov. 7 and 21.
i City orfieaas
1401'1403 TARNAM ST.
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