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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 26, 1905)
TI1E OMAnA ILLUSTRATED BEE.
Annual Fat Turkey
- I "turk'-y man," ho snds a lus-
" I I VI.... . ,. in h.nllL I
dont of the fnited rir(cs, will
have a 'anty number from
whlrh to rhoose tills full. Mr. Vose is a
turkey broker ani middleman, r.ither than
a turkey grower, handling a large porpor
t Ion of all the birds that are raised within
a radius of ten or a dozen miles from his
home In years (tone by the flocks of the
neighborhood have yielded many hundreds
of turkeys, but for the last few seasons
the numb r hns been a diminishing quan
tity. The turkey business In southwestern
Hhode Island and southeastern Connectl
( ut has been pretty pearly ended. The tur
key has a precarious life from the moment
of his hatching. He Is a delicate creature,
much harder to raise than chickens or any
other barnyard fowl. He Is a natural
roamer, beside, and his Itinerant Instincts
carry hlin afield. Into all sorts of dangers.
A mother turkey, convoying a large family
through the brambles of an upland pasture,
sometimes finds, when she gets back home,
that ons of her charges Is missing. The
chances are that he has become entangled
In the tall grass, and, being unable to extri
cate, himself or make his busy parent hear,
has perished miserably at the outset of
If the turkey survives the perambulatory
perils of his youth he may be attacked by
the Insidious "blackhead," a disease against
which there Is no known safeguard. At the
Rhode Island College of Agriculture and
Mechanic Arts In Kingston a scientific
study of the malady Is on foot, and It Is
hoped that some means will eventually be
found to combat It, but thus far no ade
quate remedy has been devised. In an en
deavor to strengthen the turkeys and make
them better able to withstand the rav
ages, however, a series of Interesting inter
breeding experiments Is now In progress.
Turkeys from the south and southwest have
been purchased for the purpose of crossing
them with the native Hhode Inland bird.
The hybrid turkey, It Is expected, will bn
stronger and better than the pure Rhode
Island breed, though for that matter there
have been so many Infusions of foreign
blood before that the Rhode Island turkey
Is really no more a "pure" bird than the
surviving Narragansett Indians are a race
untainted by the admixture of any oilier
A Itegnlar Custom.
Mr. Vose lives nesr the railroad station
In Westerly. He has been sending turkeys
to the White House ever since General
DW is the inexperienced house
keeper to select a good turkey
and secure its appearance on her
table Juicy, tender and brown, as
a self-respecting Thanksgiving
should be? Answer is made
Oregonlan by Miss Lillian E.
Tingle, professor In the Portland School of
Domestic Science. Miss Tingle says: The
houiekeeper should choose a nice plump
bird ten pounds is a useful size with
smooth, dark legs; soft, loose spurs and
full breast, with pliable cartllegu at the
end of the breastbone. It will probably
be sent home ready drawn, but It is well
to assure yourself that the kidneys (lying
close to the ribs In the hollow of the back)
have been removed with the rest, as these,
often left In by careless cooks, tends to
Impart a disagreeable flavor. See that the
oil bag in the tail is also removed, as this
will give a strong taste to the gravy. Re
move any pin feathers with a small knife
and singe off the hairs by holding the bird
over the gas ring or a roll of blazing
paper. Somo people pour a little alcohol
over It and then apply a light, holding It
carefully over the sink. Wash the outside
very thoroughly with water in which a'
little cooking soda has been dissolved. Next
cut off the head, slip the skin back from
the peck, remove windpipe and crop, 1 not
already removed: cut off neck close to the
body, put It into cold water and reserve
It for the gravy stock. If the crop and
windpipe were removed by the marketman,
there will probably be a gash in the skin
which will have to be sewed up.
The bird should be sent home with the
feet left on. Cut through the skin about
two Inches below the leg Joint; bend the
-leg at the cut over the table edge and
break the bone. Then pull out the ten
dons one by one by twisting a small skewer
under each, or use a regular tendon puller.
Be careful not to cut any deeper than the
skin, or the tendons cannot be removed,
and will render the drumstick hard in the
rousting. Dip the broken ends of the legs
into boiling water to removo the outer
skin. These ends afford more length for
tying when you come to the trussing, pre
vent ths teg meat from shrinking unduly
from the bone and can be removed after
cooking, leaving a clean, unburned Joint.
Save the feet; later they can be scaled, and
have the outer skin removed, then they
will help to give body and gelatinous
smoothness to the gravy. Wipe the tur
key Inside with a clean wet cloth. If any
unpleasant odor Is perceptable, rinse
quickly in warm soda water, then In cold
water and wipe dry.
Now put It Into a bowl and Insert the
stuffing by spoonfuls at the neck; fill out
the breast plump and even; draw the flap
of neck skin down and fasten It with a
stitch or two on the back. Put the re
maining stuffing into the body at the
other opening; sew up the opening, or, if
the body is not full, fasten It. with a
small skewer. Remember to leave room
for expansion if the dressing Is of a kind
that swells tone made with cracker
crumbs, for instance). Sometimes two
kinds of dressing are used for a large
turkey. Neat trussing is necessary for
a good final appearance and to prevent
dryness. Turn the tips of the wings
backward and under the body, fastening
them in place with trusting needle and
string or a skewer. Draw the thighs close
up to the body, pressing them downward
on the table, secure them in this position
by passing a trussing needle or skewer
itralght through both, tie ends of legs on
No woman who uses ''Mother's Frlenl" need fear the suffering
and danger incident to birth; for it robs the ordeal of its horror
and insures safety to life of mother and child, and leaves her In
a condition more favorable to
also healthy, strong and n -,
good naturei Our book pnfm'Tfnn!
"Motherhood," is worth I J In
its weight in gold to every UUUVL U UU
woman, and will be sent free in plain
envelope by addressing application to
lr ad field Regulator Co. Atlanta, Ca.
Grant was president and. If be wished to
follow the practice of foreign dealers In
this, that and the other commodity, he
might appropriately sign himself the pur
veyor of Thanksgiving che-r to the chief
magistrate of the nation. There tan be no
doubt that the president and his family
appreciate the dlkate attention they re
ceive at the hands of the Westerly man.
The turkey is always the best that Mr.
Voe can find anywhere within the borders
of Westerly or Its neighboring towns. The
presidential turkey Is not always a Rhode
Island bird. Ijist year the one that was
sent to the White House and elicited a
pleasant note of thanks from Mr. Roosevelt
was raised on the farm of Charles B.
Palmer In the tdVn of Btonlngton, Conn.,
about three miles northwest of Stonlngton
Rorough. Mr. Palmer has a reputation for
taking good care of his flocks and it Is
probably because he does exercise such
constant watch over them that he raises
some of the flnvst birds to be found any
where In New England.
Money In Torkeya.
Another farmer speaking of this the
other day said: "There are mighty few
people that would take the pains he does.
I guess he puts alout as much Into his
turkeys as he gets out of them." Yet Mr.
Talnier says there Is money In turkeys If
you are careful of them, i'liey require un
remitting watchfulness, that is all. And
fortunately, the blackhead has never given
him any trouble. Mr. Palmer's method of
raising turkeys begins with the fall before,
when he saves over a torn turkey and ten
hen turkeys for the succeeding season. If
the total egg product of these lions was
hatched the result would be a flock of JOO
or 400 young birds, but half that number
suffices for Mr. Palmer's wants. The
youngsters are born In April and May, and
during the first ten weeks of their life
are daintily reared on crackers and milk.
The crackers come by the barrel from New
London, Conn., being of the same quality
that Is purchased for table use, except that
they are in fragments. They are the broken
bits and odds and ends which the manu
facturers cannot sell to the usual grocery
trade. These pieces and crumbs of crack
eis are mixed with milk and fed to the
young turkeys every morning. Then for
most of the day the birds follow their
mothers around the farm, roaming where
they will, picking up grasshoppers, crickets
and other delicatessen of the fields and
Thanksgiving Day Dinner
each side of the tall.
Place the trussed turkey In a roasting
pan und spread breast, legs and wings
with one-third cup butter nnd one-fourth
cup flour well salted and rubbed together.
Thick sour cream is also good for this
purpose. Protect the breast with a sheet
of fat pork (called a barde), slit at inter
vals. Very large turkeys are sometimes
steamed a while before baking. Another
way of preventing dryness of the breast
meat is to use a roasting saddle, and cook
the bird breast downwards, or a cov
ered roaster may be used. Now
sprinkle a very little flour on the bot
tom of the pan and put It into a hot oven.
When the' flour begins to brown, reduce
the heat and add a little water. Baste
often with water and butter at first; later
with fat from the pan, and dredge with
flour occasionally, unless the double pan !s
used. Turn, If necessary, so as to brown
It uniformly. If the turkey is cooking too
fast protect it with buttered paper and re
duce the heat. Long, slow cooking is
necessary. Three hours to three and a half
hours at least will be needed for a ten
pound turkey. It is cooked when it is a
good, even brown, and the thigh looks as
if it would easily separate from the body.
Remove it to a small pan, and keep warm
while you make the gravy. The water
should have wholly evaporated from the
pan; pour off all but two tablespoonfuls of
fat; set the pan on the stovo and stir In
two tablespoonfuls of dry flour, add salt
with discretion, scrape all the brown glaze
from sides of pan and brown the flour; adl
the liquor (two cups) In which the giblets
have been cooked (together with neck, feet,
a few pepper corns, a clove and half an
Inch of thin yellow lemon rind). Allow It
to boll up, season with pepper and salt to
taste; strain If necessary and add a few
drops of caramel or "kitchen bouquet" If
the color Is too pale. It should be a rich
brown, not too thick, and free from grease
HANK8GIVING day, coming with
the regularity of a movable feast,
is peculiar to the I'nlted States.
Although it must be proclaimed
by the president or governor, and
usually by both, and the time of year ajid
the date Itself are left to their Judgment,
so strong is the custom that the calendars
for next year have denoted the day far
ahead of any proclamation. On the last
Thursday in November the figures are
printed In red. The banks know It will be
that day, although there is nothing but
precedent to establish it; business men
knuow it will be a day of thanksgiving and
never stop to reason why. The schoolboy,
the foot ball enthusiast, the farmer, the
poulterer, all know Thanksgiving day Is
the lust Thursday in November.
As a generally observed national holiday
Thanksgiving day is barely 60 years old,
yet its history Is in a measure of much
greater antiquity. Like many another cus
tom, we owe this to those stern Puritans
who "separated" and came to Massachu
setts bay to make a lasting impression
upon the social life of the new world. The
history of the first Thanksgiving day in
the Massachusetts plantation has been va
riously given. In lol'l, it Is said, a day of
thanksgiving was observed In acknowledg
ment of the Pilgrims' first harvet In Amer
ica. Those were trying days for the colonists.
The winter was one of great severity and
And many other painiul and serious
ailments from which most mothers
suffer, can be avoided by the use of
MOtMrt Frteii. This great remedy
is a God-send to women, carrying
them through their most critical
ordeal with safety and no pain.
speedy recovery. The child is
"Over on Kilos Williams' farm." said Mr.
rainier, "you can lind any number of crick
ets, but on this farm the turkeys have
cleaned them out." They are good scaven
gers and It seems a pity they cannot be
trained to hunt the disagreeable mosquito.
Much has been said about their grasshop
per diet, and the story haa gone the rounds
that some farmers give to them a regular
grasshopper menu, though Just how the
grasshoppers are provided by these
thoughtful agriculturists Is not stated."
Knemlra of Grasshoppers.
As a matter of fact the turkeys do eat
a good many grasshoppers, but they catch
them for themselves. There Is an aged man
In Westerly, now In his Wth year, who has
an Interesting theory about turkeys and
grasshoppers. Ha says:
'"I used to raise turkeys, but I gave it up
years ago because there wasn't any money
In It. The blackhead got into the flocks
and I was sheer discouraged. But I'm going
to raise another flock next year. Tou see,
when turkeys were so plentiful they ate
the grasshoppers all up, but now that no
body raises turkeys the grasshoppers have
begun to come in again. So long as there
were lots of grasshoppers you didn't hear
anything about the blackhead. I believe
the grasshopper is an antidote for the
After Mr. Falmer has fed his birds on
crackers and milk a diet which he says
."is good enough for anybody" for the
space of two months and a half, he begins
to give them oats and corn. He has lost
thirty turkeys this year, so that his flock
at the present time numbers 120,. and to
feed this number of hungry mouths takes
two bushels of grain . every twenty-four
hours, in addition to the Insects which
the turkeys find and put to their own
good use. They are very fond of
oats, and toward the end of their
autumnal career they can have Just as
many as they will eat. Shortly before
Thanksgiving the turkey raiser "soaks the
oats to "em," as one fanner said the other
day. "They don't eat as greedily as a
hen does," he added. "They will come
around when you throw out the grain and
eat a little and then walk off to forage
around the fields. Then they'll come
leisurely back and eat some more. But
they get their fill in the long run. Trust
them for that."
Turkeys are pugnacious. The other day
the writer watched two young ones fighting
as stubbornly as u pair of bulldogs. One of
them had grabbed the other by the neck
and lumps. The giblets may be chopped
and added, if liked. Remove all strings
and skewers from the turkey, place It
breast up on a hot platter, slip paper cut
let frills on the leg bones (or use tiny red
apples), and garnish as your fancy dic
tates, remembering to have mercy on the
carver and leave him room to operate com
fortably. Garnishes often used are parsley, slices
of lemon, curls of bacon, celery tips,
stuffed browned onions, cubes of sweet
pickle, fans of tiny sour pickles, tiny sau
sages, cubes of Jelly placed in halves of
pickled peaches, etc. A simple garnish is
In better taste than a more elaborate' one,
besides being more convenient for serving.
Below are two suggestive, menus for an
ordinary Thanksgiving dinner:
I. OLD STYLE.
Clam broth. Buttered crackers browned.
Chestnut dressing. Giblet sauce.
Dressed celery. Baked ham.
Mashed potatoes. Squash.
Cauliflower (Dutch sauce).
Raisins In cider Jelly.
Open apple pie. Pumpkin pie.
Fruit. Nuts. Coffee.
II. OLD STYLE MODIFIED.
Boston brown bread sandwiches.
Roast turkey with savory bread dressing.
Brown sauce. Cranberrv sauce.
Sausage cakes or curls of bacon.
Browned potatoes. Stuffed onions.
Creamed Brussels sprouts or turnip cubes.
Lettuce, npple and celery salad.
Individual pumpkin pies. Quince Jelly tarts.'
Ice cream In red apple shells.
Fruit. Nuts. Coffee.
A final word about the stuffing for the
turkey. Each individual has his or her
own particular preference, but whatever
it Is, let it be plentiful and let it not be
soggy and heavy. Heaviness is due some
Day and Its
scarcity. The ceonlo. we are oualntlv told.
"were necessitated to live upon, clams and
mussels and ground nuts and acorns, and
these got with much difficulty In the win
ter time. People were very much tired
and discouraged, especially with the last
batch of bread in the oven." Wlnthrop
had early In the preceding July sent the
ship Lion to England for a cargo of pro
visions, but after an interval of many
months the ship was not forthcoming. On
February 6, 1631, while the governor was
giving "the last handful of meal in the
barrel unto a poor man distressed by a wolf
at the door, at that Instant they e.pied a
ship arrived at the harbor's mouth, laden
with provisions for them all."
A fceneral last day had been previously
appointed, but the arrival of the Lion,
bearing this sorely-needed relief, changed
their mourning into Joy, and, as Wlnthrop
records In his Journal, a day of thanks
giving was held in "all tho plantations."
Franklin haa left an interesting account
of the origin of Thanksgiving in America,
which is not without his humorous touch,
and which, like most of hla similar writ
ings, is perhaps nut as veracious as It
might have been. "There la a tradition,"
he wrote, "that In the plantations of New
England the first settlers met with many
diftioulties and hardships, as is generally
the case when a civilised people attempt
establishing themselves in a wilderness
"Being piously disposed, they sought re
I lief from Heaven by laying their wants
and distresses before the Lord in frequent
stt days of fatting and prayer. Constant
meditation and discourse on these subjects
kept their minds gloomy and discontented;
and, like the children of Israel, there vera
many disposed to return to that Egypt
which persecution had induced them to
"At length, when it was proposed In the
assembly to proclaim another fast, a
farmer of plain sense rose and remarked
that the Inconveniences they suffered, and
concerning which they bad so ofUn wearied
Heaven with their complaints, were not u
great as they might have expected, and
were diminishing every day as the colony
strengthened; that the. earth began to re
ward their labor and to furnish liberally
for their substance; that the seas and rlv-
trs were found full of fish, the air sweet.
the clln.aie healthy and. abova all. that
they were there ia the full enjoyment of
liberty, civil and religious; he therefore
thought that reflecting and conversing on
these subjects would be more comfortable.
as tending wort to malts Lheui contented
and obtained a vantage hold, and to this hs
clung as if Ms life depended upon It.
Around the two squawking, excited birds
hovered the old father turkey, seemingly
anxious to separate them. He did not
actually interfere, but the moment that the
bird with the vantage grip let go he
grabbed him in the same way and gave
hi in some good solid punishment in his
own coin. It was all very amusing to the
bystanders, who thought that young Mr.
Turkey was getting Just what he deserved.
James E. Lord, who lives on the Mystlo
road, Connecticut, has a few turkeys which
he keeps for breeding purposes. Chief
among them Is the prize winner of the Bos
ton roultry show In 19u2, the greatest poul
try exhibit ever held. This proud bird
weighs 44 pounds and is a beauty of the
National Bronze breed. ' Ha came from
Illinois. Mr. Vose will ship many hundreds
of pounds of dressed turkeys from West
erly before Thanksgiving time, but the total
shipment will be small In comparison with
that of some other years, and prices will
be correspondingly high.
Ths farmers will get 30 or 32 cents a
pound for the dressed birds and the pub
lic will have to pay considerably over this
for the genuine Rhode . Island product.
Rhode Island for poultry purposes, Includes
the two Connecticut towns of Stonlngton
and North Stonlngton. Those two towns
have become the center of the turkey rais
ing business In the Westerly district, us
Westerly Itself has grown very few tur
keys lately. But throughout the neighbor
hood not nearly as many turkeys are
raised as formerly. Where every other
farm might once have had a flock of fifty
or seventy-five, few farms now possess
more than Ave or ten. B. F. Williams
of Mystic has some seventy-five, and other
farmers in the neighborhood are raising
twenty-five or thirty each.
Mr. Vose keeps a close watch on all the
flocks of the vicinity from time to time,
and picks the president's bird toward the
last of the campaign. There Is no telling
as yet where this favored turkey will
come from, but certainly "Dick," the pre
mier bird of Mr. Palmer's Stonlngton flock,
will be a prominent candidate for White
House honors. He will weigh 30 pounds
dressed, and Is as fine a specimen as one
would wish to see. If ho goes to Wash
ington Mr. Roosevelt need not be ashamed
to nvlte in his best friends to his Thanks
giving dinner. Brooklyn Eagle.
times to too tight packing, more often to
an undue amount of liquid, or the use of
too much egg as a binding material In the
hope of getting a rich-looking dressing.
In bread dressings the best results are
obtained by using freshly made crumbs
from tho center of a two-day old loaf. In
stead of the soaked crusts often employed
from motives of economy. Very finely
chopped suet for part of the shortening
helps to secure lightness, or finely chopped
fat bacon or salt pork. Melted butter may
be used to hold the dressing together suffi
ciently for stuffing purposes; little (or bet
ter still) no liquid is really needed with
such a dressing, although some people
like to add a little sherry; one-fourth cup
of melted butter to every cup (level and
not tightly packed) of fresh bread crumbs
used Is a fairly good proportion. No egg
should be added unless the dressing Is to
be eaten cold and you want to be able to
For seasoning you have powdered sweet
herbs or "poultry seasoning," chopped
paisley, chopped green peppers, chopped
giblets, grated lemon rind, mace, nutmeg,
pepper, salt, ground cinnamon to select
from and combine according to Individual
preference; sage Is unsuited for turkey
keep that for goose, tamo duck or pork.
A little onion Juice may be used If liked,
but not enough to give a decided Impression
of onion. Oyster dressing Is considered
best by many. Since long cooking tends
to spoil the oysters, the turkey Is often
roasted without them and simply accom
panied by scalloped oysters. Chestnut
stuffing (with or without finely minced
veal) Is very excellent, but the large
French chestnuts must be chosen or It will
be too troublesome to prepare. A rich
force meat (of pork and veal sausage meat)
Is sometimes used at the breast end, while
the rest of the bird Is filled with some
form of bread stuffing, a method which I
personally prefer to any other.
Part in History
with their situation and that it would be
more becoming the gratitude they owed tho
Divine Being If, Instead of fast, they should
proclaim a thanksgiving.
"His advice was tuken, and from that
day to this they have in every year ob
served circumstances of felicity sufficient
to furnish employment for a thanksgiving
day, which is therefore constantly ordered
and religiously observed."
While Thanksgiving day prospered In
New Englund, It was not until the time of
tho Revolution 'that it became general.
Then a day of national thanksgiving was
annually recommended by congress.
As we now have it, the festival dates
from 18S1, when President Lincoln issued
a proclamation for setting apart the last
Thursday In November of that year as a
day of national thanksgiving.
In nls proclamation Lincoln said: "It
has pleased Almighty God to prolong our
national life another year, defending us
with His guardian care ugalnst unfriendly
designs from abroad and vouchsafing to us
In His mercy many and signal victories
over the enemy who Is in our own house
hold." Each succeeding president of the United
States has annually proclaimed a thanks
giving day, and this Is generally followed
by similar proclamations by the governors
of the various states.
Give Thanks, 0 Heart!
Ldwln Mark ham In the independent. '
?,v.e. ihar'k' eart. for the high souls
liiat point us to the deathless goals
r all Hie courage of their cry
That echoes down from sky 10 sky;
1 iiaiiksttiving tor Ilia armed seers
And heroes called to mortal years
bouis that have built our faith In man.
And lit me ages as they ran.
Lincoln, Maxzini, Lamennais.
Living the tiling that others pray;
roinwell. St. i runcis and the rest,
Bearing the God-tire in ths breast
i nese re the sons of sacred Haines,
1 heir blows marked witn tne secret name:
llie company of suuls supreme.
The coiiseripts of the inignly dream.
Made of Unpurchaseable stuff
ihey went the way when mays were rough
They, wiien the traitors had deceived,
I lt-id thu long purpose and believed;
I'ljcy, when the face of Ood grew dun.
H-id tnro' the dark and trusted him
Brave souls Una fought the mortal way
And fell that lalth could not betray.
Give thanks for heroes that have stirred
Earth Hh the wondvr of a word
But all thanksgiving for th br. d
Who have bent destiny with deed -
Souls of tlie high, heroic birth,
8.. ills sent to mm the shaken earth.
And then called back to God again
To make, lieavcu jotsible lor men. ,
Special Thanksgiving Festival
(Continued from rage One)
although In 1SS a synagogue, probably
built several years before, was holding
One of the great American merchants cf
the eighteenth century was Haaman Levy,
who traded with the Indians and from
whom John Jacob Astor first acquired his
experience In tho fur trade. The Jews of
New York, however, were not on a polit
ical footing of equality with the Christians
up to the revolution, and only by the first
constitution of the state of New York,
adopted in 1777. were they put on equality
with other citizens with full religious lib
erty. The Jews also settled In Maryland
and In Pennsylvania, as well as in Georgia,
and the Carolines. In 1816 Charleston num
bered only 900 Jews, then the largest Jew
ish population of any city in the United
States, and today It has about 2.000, al
though a proportion to the total smaller
than in 1S16.
The part taken by the Jews in the War
of the Revolution, especially in rendering
financial assistance to the government,
was very considerable, and no small num
ber served In the ranks with the troops In
the field. The same is true with reference
to the war of 1812 and the Mexican war,
and in the war of th rebellion the Amer
ican Jews took a prominent part. New
Tork alone an tho union side furnished
1,098 Jewish soldiers and, according to fig
ures complied by Simon Wolf. 7.S84 Jewish
soldiers served In the union and confeder
ate armies during the civil war, though
there were at that time only 160,000 Jews
In the country. In tho Spanish-American
war more than 4. 000 Jewish soldiers served
In the American armies, and the claim Is
made that the first man to volunteer was
a Jew and the first to be killed In battle
was a Jew.
The Jews have taken prominent part
more than commensurate with their num
bers In American politics. Quite a number
of Jewish congressmen have served In the
lower house of the national legislature and
five have been honored with seats In the
United States senate, namely, Judah P.
Benjamin of Louisiana, David L. Tulee of
Florida, B. F. Jonas of Loulslann, Joseph
Simon of Oregon and Isidore Kayner of
Maryland. They have also been numerous
on the bench and In the diplomatic service.
Jewish activity has, perhaps, been more
pronounced in finance than elsewhere. Dr.
Peters declares that "the Jew In finance
Is invariably a creator and not a puller
down." Many of the great fortunes which
have been made, notably In America, have
been made by wrecking railroads and other
established Industries, but the Jews, with
comparatively few exceptions, have made
their money as manufacturers, bankers and
merchants. About three years ago the
Jewish World published a list, so far as
could be ascertained, of the names of Jews
who ranked among the millionaires In all,
some 115 Jews had reached the million mark
out of about 4.000 millionaires throughout
the states. The number hns Increased
rapidly within a few years and estimates
range from 150 to 175 Jewish millionaires In
the United States today. The credit of
Jewish financiers also ranges high. The
declaration made by former Mayor Strong
of New Tork, at a meeting of the Associa
tion of Credit Men in New York, Is often
quoted. He said:
"I have lost less money selling goods to
men who are not worth anything than in
selling goods to wealthy concerns. I have
a case in mind of one who began buying
on credit of me one case of goods. In two
years his credit with us amounted to M,
OfW. He was a Jew.- In sixteen years he
divided $250,000 with his partner. I am
about one-fourth Jew, myself that Is, I
have more faith in Jews paying than I
have In Gentiles doing so. We have lost
four times with the latter to one 'of the
former, and of Jews who failed ten have
paid 100 cents on the dollar to one of the
In tho arts and slcences the Jews In
America are not as conspicuous as Jews
in Europe, which Is explained by their
more recent efforts along these lines. Dr.
Peters' book mentions the most notable
names In the various culture fields.
Among the writers of verse are Emma
Lazarus, Penlnah Molse, Miriam del Banco,
Nina Morals-Cohen, Cora Wilburn, Dr. S.
Solis-Cohen, Mary Cohen, Rcbekah Hyne
mnn, Felix N. Gerson, Milton Goldsmith
and Morris Rosenfeld, tho Ghetto poet.
Among the novel writers are Leo C. Des
sar, Herman Bernstein, Ezra S. Brudno,
Alfred J. Cohen, the dramatic critic, bet
ter known under the non de plume of Alan
Dale, and Mrs. Annie Nathan Meyer, one
of the founders of Barnard cbllege the
first women's college In New York City.
Among the drumatlsts are Mordecal M.
Noah, Samuel B. Judah, Jonas B. Phillips,
H. B. Somner, David Belasco, Sydney Ros
enfeld and Martha Morton. Among the
actors are Samuel Bernard, David War
field, Louis Mann, Joseph Weber, Lewis
Maurice Fields, Joseph P. Adler and Herr
mann, the prestidigitator; among the
actresses, Bertha Kallsche, Clara Llpman,
Anna Held, Minnie Seligman and Victoria
Maud Pelxotto; among the musical conduc
tors, Sam Frauko, Nahan Franko, Alfred
Hertz, Dr. Leopold Damrosch, Walter
Among the newspaper editors and pub
lishers are Joseph Pulitzer, "The World,"
New York; Adolph S. Ochs and George W.
Ochs, "Tho Times," New York, and "Pub
lic Ledger." Philadelphia; M. H. De
Young, "Chronicle," San Francisco; Ed
ward Rosewater and his son, Victor,
Omaha "Bee;" Fabian Franklin, the
"News," Baltimore, and William Frlsch,
the Baltimore "American."
Among the painters are Henry Mosler,
Max Rosenthal and his son, Albert; anions'
the sculptors, Moses J. Fzeklel. Charles H.
Israels, Leopold Eldlitz, Dankmar Adler
and Arnold W. Brunner.
Among the educators ere Maurice Bloom
field and Jacob II. Hollander of Johns
Hopkins; E. R. A. Seligman, Adolphe Cohn
and Richard Gotthell, Columbia; Charles
Gross, Harvard; Morris Jastrow, Univer
sity of Pennsylvania; Jacques Loeb and
Max L. Margolls. University of California;
Isldor Loeb, University of Minnesota;
Joseph Jastrow. University of Michigan;
Max Winkler. University of Michigan:
Adolph Werner, College of the City of
New York, and Abram S. Isaacs, Univer
sity of the City of New York; Prof. Mich
aelson, Julius Stieglltz. Ernest Freund,
Julius M. Mack. S. H. Clark and Enill Q.
Hirsch of the University of Chicago.
Statistics of Jewish population of ths
United States Indicate a steady growth.
At the time of the revolution there were
about 700 Jewish families; in 1S18 an esti
mate of Jewish population placed the num
ber at 1.000, and in 1826 at 6.000. The Amer
ican Almanac in 1140 gives the number
15.00ft, while a history of the Jews, pub
lished In 1K18, puts down BO.OoO as the num
ber of Jews In the United States. At the
time of the civil war there were about 150,
000 Jews In this country. The figures com
piled for 18S0 place the number at 271.064
and In 18S8 at 4fl0.ooo. The American Jewish
Yearbook for 1 gives the number at
'Quinine) brrakt up,itli la
the bead In a tern tiours
l-ts no bad sf ler ertccia
like Qulnliia Pre piirsUona.
I LHjcs the work n.ilru:
fcJtjy uei a boi tod.v f ium n,r drug
' Ann for the (nuua l olorod Box
'" see tnsl the lbW reads
LkC0NTAIN9 NO QUININE? Ok
A few days ago ie shipped to Ohio a furnace flropot weighing
over 700 lbs.; to West point, N. Y., a la. Re per cent of the repairs used
In that celebrated military school; to California, Mexico, Canada, Ha
waii and as far as the Philippine) Islands we ship repairs.
A short time ago we received a letter from a man In Buffalo, N. Y.,
ordering a small piece of repair for a stove originally made In Buffalo,
and the manufacturers are still there. We did not take advantage of
this thoughtlessness, but referred him to the Buffalo dealer. Are you
from "Buffalo," hunting all over creation and waiting days and weeks
for repairs, when they can be had by telephoning 960 7
Our Inspectors are at your service. We have a plumber for water
connections, furnace men and repair men to do your work.
Omaha Stove Repair Works
1206-1208 Douglas Street. Telephone 960
ROBERT UHLIO, Pres.
HUGO BClfMIDT. V. Pres.
, i - i .
A n .
H . 1.1"
t ... -
E. J. DAVIS, THE SAFE MOVER,
hoisting four tanks on a tcwer 60 feet high, gin pole 90 feet Mgh,
tanks 13 feet long, 6 feet through, weight 4,000 pounds. Ihese
tanks were erected at Sixth and Leavenworth streets.
HOME VISITORS' RATES
A chance to visit your
Thanksgiving with old friends once more? Tho Illinois
Central makes this possible by offering exceptionally low
rates for the round trip, as shown below, with 21 day limit.
Toronto, Ont 9H5.S5
Indianapolis, Ind 928.20
Louisville, Ky $26.00
Buffalo. N. T $83.00
Salamanca, N. Y 988.70
Cleveland. O 928.83
Columbus, O 98.18
Correspondingly low rates to nearly all points in the
For full particulars call at
Have your rl,i'i'bl"tf and heating- done ly
competent men. We cheerfully give rsti
rnutis und guarantee our work to give en
tire putlffiu tlon. 'Phones No. 19-, 46u6
D. W. I1 UOKO and WESTER HEAT.
910 Farnam Street. OMAHA.
Slierniuc's La Grippo
IS WELL NAMED.
It was first compounded when the
scourge was at Its worst '89- M. It
has proved its efficiency thousands cf
lines. 1 here may be othsr rniedles
for a i'.n.pie cmiffh. I.A QRIPPK
COl'OH 1H DIFFERENT. This syrup
quins at once and stops tost tickling
In the throat.
F1KKT DOHI RELIEVES.
BAWI'LK FKEK Bottles i. c and too.
For chronic cases, pints, SI. 60.
Mads and sold by
Sherman & McDonnell Drug Ct.
Car. ltb Dodsa St a., Omaha.
Wbenerer you wgnt
something call Tbons
2M tnd msk It
known through a Be
GEO. A. WILCOX. Tress.
C. M. KATON. Sec y.
Illinois Central R.R.
The Date, November 27th
old home. Why not spend fej
Cincinnati, 0 927.83
Toledo, 0 925.70
Pittsburg, Pa 981.00
Wheeling. W. Va 931.70
Springfield, 111 917.45
Kankakee, 111 918-00
Bloomlngtoa, 111 918-03
Decatur, 111 917.00
1402 Farnam Street, Omaha,
AGENT, OMAHA, NEB.
Ufie Best of
The Only Double
25 Per Cent
Than the one way fare for
round trip tickets
Tho Black Hills,
Many South trn Points.
Nov. 7 and 21.
t i City OfflcaB
14011403 FARNAM ST.
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