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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (June 17, 1903)
TNK OMAHA DAIIA TIEE: WEDNESDAY, JUNE 17, 1903.
Tiie Omaha Daily Bee.
E. ROSE WATER, EDITOR.
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THE BEli PUBLISHING COMPANY.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska, Douglas County, ss.:
George B. Tisehuek, secretary of The Bee
Publishing Company, being duly sworn,
ays that the actual number of full and
complete coplea of The Daily. Morning,
Evening and Sunday Bee printed during th
montn or May. uwa, was as ionow;
81 2 7, IKK)
it aotoo -
Less unsold and returned copies 10,3 W
Net total sales D43,Ra
Net average sales SO.437
GEORGE B. TZSCHUCK.
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before me this 31st day of May, A. D. 1903.
M. B. HUNGATE.
(Seal.) Notary Public.
Several eminent Mlssourlans must
have been In hiding from the supreme
court of that state wheu it wag hunting
for signs of a tobacco trust.
Having no other government to recog
nlze, nothing is left for the powers to
do but to recognize King Peter as soon
as he is duly installed In the royal office.
Lincoln has compromised with its tax
shirking franchised corporations on their
tax assessments. Evidently a lot of
Lincoln people who are in the same
boat prefer to keep it dark.
The new Chinese minister has been
formally received by the president It
will take some time yet, however, to get
his publicity bureau in as good working
order as that which was maintained by
his predecessor, Minister Wu.
More people appear to have been
drowned by the cloudburst in Oregon
than lost their lives in all the floods in
Kansas, Iowa and Missouri. It Is not
the amount of water so much as the
way it Is precipitated that determines
Jim Hill's son declares that there is
no need of dissolving the Northern
SecKrtties company, even if the cases
now pending in the courts all go against
It In that event there will be no need
either of maintaining the Northern
When Nebraska was afflicted by
drouth It showed a disposition to help
Itself by appropriating a liberal relief
fund out of the state treasury, even
though' it had to stretch the constitution
to do it. Kansas can hardly afford not
to do as much for its flood victims.
Commissioner McDonald is to be com
mended for striking a blow at super
nunieraries, but it Is to be hoped the
work of purging the county pay roll
will not be confined to one or two pi
biters who have done work that should
be performed by principals Instead of
'The six-period system at the high
school is not half so hard on the teach
ers as Is the ridiculous unit system,
Abolish the unit system farce and the
teachers will have no difficulty in stand
ing up under six periods of teaching,
which really gives them only five hours
of classroom work dally.
In his address to the Saengerfest at
Baltimore President Roosevelt expressed
the wish that there might be societies
and associations everywhere in this
country for the cultivation of mtiHic,
both vocal and Instrumental. The presl
dent evidently thinks that music is r.;i
good thing of which we cannot hat too
Chicago Methodist preacher suggest
that all the persecuted Jew k of the
world be reinstated in pos"tiion of
Palestine as the solution of thv present
problem. The Methodists are rJi(ly to
take up this plan Just at a tlnwi when
the Zionists, previously promoting It, are
ready to abandon the project. There
Is about as much prospect for re
establishing the Jews in Palestine as
there is for transplanting the Methodists
to the same place.
The striking bricklayers, or rather
what there are left of the striking brick
layers, in Omaha have returned, to
work. Had the contending parties got
ten' together on terms of give and take
at the beginning of the trouble the ex
odus of bricklayers from Omaha would
not have occurred and a full comple
ment of workmen would 'now 'be on
deck to flnlah up the work in progress.
The same Is true with reference to sev
eral branches of skilled' mechanics, so
that the building operations will have to
limp along short handed all around.
. - ' - - -
- rre BtACTtoy rrom iflathm.
There hag been an extraordinary
shrinkage In the value of all classes of
stocks and the end of the decline seems
not yet to have been reached.' In its
latest issue the Financial Chronicle pre
sents figures showing the extent of the
downward movement and they are in
teresting and instructive. It is needless
to say that before the beginning of this
movement there had been an unpre
cedented inflation of stock values. Al
most without Interruption for several
years there was a boom in which securi
ties of every kind shared. The steadily
Increasing prosperity of the country and
the rapid accumulation of capital gave
n Incentive to Investment and specula
tion in stocks beyond any previous ex
perience. The more sagacious and experienced
nanclers pointed out that this sort of
thing could not go on indefinitely and
the reaction that has taken place Justifies
their warning. The country is still
prosperous. The railroaas are still
doing a good business. Bnt there has
been a change In conditions which Is less
favorable to large dividends. The ex
penses of the railroads have been ma
terially Increased within the past year,
until It is said that these have eaten
up practically the whole of the improve
ment in gross receipts. The figures
given by the Chronicle show that the
stocks of dividend-paying roads have
suffered quite as much as the non-
dlvldcnd-paylng and that the general
shrinkage has been the most marked
in many years, if not indeed un
paralleled, which is certainly the case
s to some of the stocks.
In their comments on the situation
some of the financial papers express the
opinion that the reaction has about run
its course. One of them remarks that
there can hardly be a question that the
market has reached a point where. In
the case of the great mass of securities.
intrinsic value bears a close relation to
the dally quotations. It says that no
far as influences are to be found in the
general condition of business, the aver
age of railroad earnings or the prospects
of the chief Crops, there are unusually
few disturbing elements to be reckoned
with in the immediate future. "All
things considered," observes that paper.
'it would appear as if an important
part of the penalty for the period of
inflation had been already paid and that
so far at least as the commercial and
financial future of the country is con
cerned, there was no danger to appre
hend a serious shrinkage of the indis
pensable asset of confidence." That
there will be some recovery in stock
values Is of course probable, but it is
pretty safe to assume that there will
not soon again be such an inflation in
these values as preceded the downward
movement. Fortunately that movement
has been of a character sufficiently
gradual to avoid the danger of panic
while arresting the process of increas
ing the mass of securities, many millions
of which have been found unsalable.
That the financial situation has been
made safer through this is not to be
A CHtCK TO PUBLICITY.
The decision of Judge La combe of the
United States circuit court in New York,
favorable to the contention of the an
thracite coal-carrying railroads thnt con
tracts between them and certain coal
operators are privileged documents and
that as such the Interstate Commerce
commission has no power to compel
their production as evidence, is some
thing of a check to publicity, so far at
least as the authority of the commission
is concerned. The view taken by the
court was that if the defendants were
being prosecuted under the Sherman
anti-trust law. for having entered into
a combination, agreement or contract In
restraint of trade, the contracts in ques
tion would be relevant testimony, but
it was held that the Investigation by
the commission was not such a. prose
cution nor the commission the forum
before which such a prosecution could
This is doubtless correct since the In
terstate Commerce commission has Jur
isdiction to inquire only into questions
of transportation, but it suggests very
clearly that there Is a Way to obtain
information as to contracts between the
coal-carrying roads and coal operators
and tills suggestion should receive at
tention at wasnington. Tnere is no
doubt as to the existence of contracts
and It Is very probable that they are in
violation of the anti-trust act. It has
been reported that the Department of
Justice was preparing to institute pro
ceedings under this law against the an
thracite coal roads and there certainly
seems to be ample ground for doing so.
It is evident that the commission can
do little to meal the secret workings
f the coal combination, but these may
tw fully disclosed through a prosecu
tion under the anti-trust law and there
should be no unnecessary delay in
adopting this course.
A CVNStnrATtVK PBMVCJAT.
Senator Clay of Georgia belongs to the
conservative element of the democratic
party and he thinr.s the platform next
year should avoid any - radical Issues,
but It is not easy to see how this is to
b rt'v.ie if his suggestion that all ele
ments in the party must be considered
shall; be followed, la order to have
such a platform as would be satisfac
tory to democrats like Mr. Clay It will
be necessary to' Ignore the radicals In
the party, who there Is reason to think
at present, constitute a majority. This
element may .possibly be found willing
a year hence to make some, concession
to the conservatives, bnt tbjpy will de
mand recognition of their' Tie ws and it
will be fatal to the party to refuse it.
It Is perfectly safe to say It will not h
refused, for the radical element Is com
posed of the really earnest sincere and
aggressive men of the party, and they
will have a representation and an in
fluence in the next democratic national
contention that will compel considers-1
Conservative democrats like the Geor
gia senator underestimate the strength
and the determination of the radical
element of the party, particularly in
the middle and western states. They
are misled by the representations of
the eastern organs of reorganization,
which do not take the trouble to in
vestigate sentiment much beyond their
neighborhood. The leaders of democracy
In the middle and' western states are
generally not in sympathy with the
conservatism which Mr. Clay would
counsel. They are giving no encourage
ment to the reorganization movement.
Some of them may change position next
year, but the probability is that they
will be found then advocating the prin
ciples they now stand for and which
they supported in the last two presi
AX CXSATISFACTUnr KXmniT.
The financial exhibit of the Board of
Education will be a disappointment to
the rank and file of Omaha taxpayers,
who have entertained the hope that the
management of our schools would be
conducted more strictly on business
principles. The rule of every well con
ducted business concern is to cut Its
coat according to its cloth. In other
words, to regulate its outgo according
to Its Income. That old and approved
rule, it would seem, has been discarded
by the school board.
With a most lavish Income at its dis
posal, the board continues to fall behind
In its balances, increasing the deficit,
which on June 1, 1903, aggregated $123,
684.79. A detailed comparison of this
year's balance sheet with that of the
preceding year shows an aggregate pay
roil for 1003 of $283,840.74, as against
$280,029.19, or an apparent reduction of
$2,182.45. The cut on the pay roll
amounts to $4,411.80 in teachers' sal
aries, while the pay of janitors was in
creased by $1,986 and the pay of sal
aried officers Increased by $483.3.". The
reduction is apparent only because three
weeks salary will be paid the teachers
this June as compared with only two
weeks salary last June.
The trivial saving in the pay roll of
1903 is offset by a very moterlnl in
crease in other directions, notably In the
interest and exchange account, which
for the year 1903 aggregated $30,671.00.
as against $20,780.40 for the preceding
year. That increase evidently repre
sents the increased Interest on outstand
ing warrants, which on June 1, 1903,
aggregated $234,284.21, and have since
been materially Increased.
In view of the fact that the school
board has the taxing power in its own
hands, which it has exercised in the tax
levy to meet the estimates based on the
disbursements of the preceding year, the
deficit of $123,000 seems almost inex
The west half of the Union Pacific
bridge has been returned for county as
sessment at $25,000, which multiplied
by six, the ratio fixed in Douglas county
for the assessment of all classes of
property, represents an estimated actual
value of $150,000. The east half of the
Union Pacific bridge, which is worth no
more than the west half, is assessed in
Tottawattamie county, Iown, for $100,
000, which multiplied by four, the ratio
of actual to assessed value in Iowa, is
equal to $400,000. Both of these assess
ments are out of all proportion to the
true value of the bridge, which with
approached could not be replaced for
less than $1,000,000, but why the valua
tion of the west half of that structure, ly
ing within the state of Nebraska, should
be considered worth a quarter of a mil
lion less than the east half has not yet
been made clear by the railroad bureau.
As a matter of fact, the west half of
the Union Taclflc bridge was assessed
by the Nebraska State Board of Equal
ization for $1,633. . Some mysterious
reason, probably the apprehension of a
test case in the federal courts, recon
ciled the railroad company to a county
assessment for $25,000, but when It
came to the city assessment which on
the basis of $25,000 would have been
equal to $150,000, the railroad lawyers
persistently demurred and insisted that
the bridge should be taxed for munici
pal put poses 'only at mileage rates fixed
by the state board.
Omaha Is not the only city In America
that has perpetually to wrestle with Jhe
franchlsed corporations to protect Its
rights to self-government and enforce
equitable taxation. In this respect Den
ver is very much worse ofT than Omaha.
After years of agitation Denver secured
a constitutional amendment granting
the right to make Its own charters with
out interference from legislatures or
governors. The amendment contem
plated as a preliminary to home rule
the election of twenty-one taxpaying
citizens to frame the charter to be sub
mitted for ratification to the voters next
winter The election of members of the
charter committee took place two weeks
ago. but the corporations sought to pre
vent the canvass and declaration of the
result which was In favor of the civic
ticket against the tickets set up by the
corporations with partisan conventions
packed in their interest. The Colorado
court of appeals has finally ordered the
canvassing board to proceed with its
work and the count of the votes cast
at the election on June 3 Is now in prog
ress. The effect of this decision Is sum
marized by the Denver News In the fol
Since the corporation-ridden council can
canvass no returns and defy the people, tbs
pieparatton of a charter will proceed with
vigor, and soon under the benign privi
leges of the home rule amendment the
people of Denver will come into their own.
The state labor commissioner of Iowa
has given out some figures purporting
to show the source of Immigration into
that state during the past year as com
pared with preceding years for five
years, based on data collected by the
national immigration bureau in the
answers by incoming immigrants as to
their points of destination. Under such
circumstances the statistics must be In
large part unreliable, because the first
destination of an Immigrant Is not al
ways bis ultimate destination. Thou
sands upon thousands of the newcomers
stop a short while In the east before
making their way out west It will
hardly be safe to draw conclusions from
these immigration tables.
Now that the funds held by the county
treasurer have been deposited at Interest
for the benefit of the taxpayers, It may
not be out of place to suggest that the
funds held In trust by the county judge
and deposited in banks and drawing in
terest while on deposit should also be
reported te the county board and the
profits from the deposit should either go
to the taxpayers or the estates that are
being settled in the county court The
farming out of public funds by salaried
public officers Is a pernicious practice
that should not be tolerated under any
Land Commissioner Follmer has done
something no other state officer has done
in turning back into the treasury $2,000
out of $3,000 appropriated by the 1901
legislature to cover the expenses of the
State Board of Educational Lands and
Funds. Mr.'Follmer la entitled to a big
credit mark for introducing such busi
ness methods in the transaction of that
part of the state business which de
volves upon him.
The Sitka Indians are said to be tak
ing advantage of the brisk demand for
sealskins by raising the price of their
catch more than double. Time was
when the Indians would trade their
most valuable furs for a yard of red
calico and a half dozen, small mirrors.
And yet some people Insist that the
Indians are showing no evidence of
benefiting by contact with civilization.
According to the report of the school
board meeting In the popocratlc organ
"Mr. Mcintosh secured the scalps of the
janitors at the Webster and Leaven
worth schools." This is the way civil
sen-ice Is enforced for the Janitors of
the public schools in Omaha at the
hands of the "reform" element In the
Pass It I p.
'The cosmic lessons of nature should be
the decalogue of national living and doing."
This from Senator Beveridge of Indiana.
What does a man who can "sling English"
like that want with a little thing like the
No Kneinles to Forgive.
Berrlan methods of dealing with political
opponents recall the anecdote of the his
toric character whoon his deathbed, was
exhorted by - his confessor to forgive his
enemies. "I have none," was the com
fortable reply; "they are all dead."
Vindication ef Nerve.
' J ' Brooklyn., Eagle.
A man' who can, come from California
to be operated upon for appendicitis In
New Tork and who appoints the hour for
operation and the date for his departure
on a pleasure trip to Europe, tn one order,
must either have a strong constitution or
considerable courage. E. H. Harrlman did
exactly that, and the fact may Indicate
or vindicate his nerve In railroad under
takings. Heated Remark of the Barons.
Mr. Olyphant's statement that it la the
"deviltry" of the miners that makes coal
expensive shows a disposition to enter Into
competition with Mr. Parry of the National
Association of Manufacturers. In the em
ployment of reckless language. It was
shown last year that the increase In the
price of coal was greater than the increase
In the wages of the men, and it has not
yet been shown that there Is a wage In
crease sufficient to Justify the announced
addition of 50 cents to the price of coal.
-Weak Spots In Brave Men.
Kansas City Journal.
It is related of a Missouri engineer at
Atchison that he does not hesitate to drive
his machine at full speed through the
blackest storm at night with washouts all
around him, but that he Is afraid to go
home alone tn the dark. If someone Is
nbt at the roundhouse to go with him he
sits there till daylight. It Is the old story
of every man having his own peculiar fear.
There la In Tnpeka a doctor who will cut
a man to pieces and smile the while. lie
Is an old soldier and often faced the can
non's mouth. But he will betray the most
abject terror If one of the harmleas little
elm tree worms happen to drop on his
' Working- the Panama Graft.
A curious situation Is reported from the
Isthmus of Panama. The states of Panama
and Cauea are said to be opposed to the
ratification of the treaty with the United
States, but If the treaty be not ratified they
threaten to secede. The explanation of this
apparent contradiction is that since the
treaty commits the United States to main
tain the sovereignty of Colombia over the
Isthmus, Its ratification would make the
secession of the Isthmian states Impossible.
They are not prepared to secede now, but
they wish to retain the light of secession,
of which the treaty would deprive them.
It Is not certain how the affair will come
out, but the United States Is having a
great deal of trouble In giving these quar
relsome people the financial opportunity of
A NATIONAL NECESSITY.
The government offlclala in charge of the
reclamation policy authorised by the recent
Irrigation law hope to Include within the
scope of their work plans which will pre
vent the recurrence of the disastrous floods
tn the Mississippi valleys. Storage reser
voirs, not only at the heads of streams, but
at all points where rain drainage can be Im
pounded, will permit the diffusion of the
surplus water for the Irrigation of millions
of acres of land In Wyoming. Colorado,
Kansas, Nebraska and the Dakotaa. The
irrigation project will thus be doubly ad
vantageous. In reclaiming the arid lands
and In preventing the destruction of life
and property. If this policy is supple
mented with the improvement of the navi
gable rivers so as to afford a deep chan
nel instead of relying upon the levee sys
tem, which has proved so unsatisfactory
and unsafe, the floods of 1903 may be re
membered as marking the first step in a
great national undertaking which will bene
fit not only those populous valleys, but the
whole west, and, in fact, the entire country.
ROt ND ABOt'T NEW TORK.
Ripples Ike Cnrrent ( t.lfe In the
A mysterious stranger, well dressed snd
correct In Sartorial get-up, has been play
ing "angel" to the human waifs of New
Tork. Every night between 11 and midnight
he appears In Bryant park and distributes
silver dollars among the tramps who crowd
the benches there. Once or twice he gave
away over 100 of these coins. "It will do
them more good than It Is doing me," he
said to a policeman whom he asked to ac
company him. The tramps have been mul
tiplying so fast that the stranger Is ex
pected to stop his lavish distribution as
suddenly as It was begun.
Russell Sage boarded a Sixth avenue ele
vated train at Rector street one day last
week. He carried under one arm a sample
brick wrapped In a newspaper. It was one
that the builder of the Emma Wlllard sem
inary had taken to the financier's office.
Repairs to Sage hall are to be made, and
Mr, Sage wanted to see the brick that Is to
be used. It was worth perhaps 2 cents. At
Twenty-eighth street a sporty looking
youth, who evidently knew the great man,
reached down, seised the brick, dashed to
the door and was down the stairs and away
before Mr. Sage, much annoyed, could get
to the door and breathlessly explain to
the guard what had happened.
"I felt sorry for him," said he latter,
when he told of the experience. "lie looked
real sad at losing that brick, but I'd have
given a dollar to see the face of the other
fellow when he cut the string."
In New Tork the schedule gevernlng the
working hours of the waiters Is not par
ticularly trying. There are usually three
shifts. The long watch Is the hardest and
the most remunerative. The men go on at
6:30 a. m. and work till 12 noon, then re
port again at o'clock and work through
usually to between 11 o'clock and midnight.
The relief watch goes on at 7 a. m. and
works till 2 p. m., returning at 6:30 to work
through the dinner rush. The Intermediate
watch Is beat. The waiters report at 11:30
a, m. and quit usually at 8. Opportunities
for. tips are about equal In all these
watches. The European rule of 10 per cent
of the cost is generally Ignored. The aver
age New Tork tip is about 20 per cent when
persons dine singly and IS per cent In par
ties of two or more. In most of the first
class places the tip for any kind of service
Is rarely less than 25 cents.
There Is a new enjoyment for the lucky
possessor of a powerful voice who can use
it with sufficient lmpresslveness and dis
tinctness. Some stage experience as actor
or singer is of great assistance, but not all
of the men who engage In this vocation
have enjoyed this preparation.
It Is In the factories of the manufacturers
of phonograph rolls that this new employ
ment is to be found. Some of the men at
this work earn as much as $25 a week, and
two get twice that sum. Both of these are
able to enunciate clearly and have very
good voices. Both have been on the variety
The duty of such an employe Is to an
nounce Into the receiver before a song the
name of the selection and of the person
who Is to deliver it, not forgetting to men
tion more emphatically than either of these
facts, the name of the maker of the In
strument "as sung Into the Blank-blank
phonograph" he must say with both feet
on the name of the machine.
The habit of engaging music hall per
formers and, later, noted actors and singers
to use the phonograph, made the announcer
more Important than he ever had been be
fore. He has now to pronounce correctly
foreign names and titles of arias In differ
ent languages, and he must do all this In a
way that will be understood. For these
reasons It became necessary to have ca
pable men; so the new profession of the
phonograph barker came Into existence.
In signing the bill known as the "Install
ment blli" Governor Odell has alleviated
In a way the life of many of the unfor
tunate residvnts of lower East aide. For
many years a.rents of consoienceless dealers
have wheedled the Ignorant Into buying
goods they did not need, usually jewelry,
at prices ranging from two to twenty times
their value, the amount to be paid in small
Installments. The dealers arranged It so
that the customers have skipped a pay
ment; then they have descended upon the
luckless buyers and demanded Immediate
payment In full. If their threats did not
secure payment suit was brought. By a
piece of trickery on the dealer's part the
defendants did not appear, and Judgment
was entered for the specified amounts. The
unfortunate wns then arrested, perhaps
pulled out of bed In the early morning, and
hauled off to jail by a corrupt marshal, the
creature of the dealer. Usually at this
stage the fear of prison overcame the
victims and they borrowed right and left
from their friends and houKht, their free
dom from jail by paying what the dealers
demanded. But If obdurate there has been
nothing for them but to He weeks or months
In Jail their terms as prisoners for debt.
The legislation recently enacted provides
that no criminal action can be instituted
where the sum involved Is less than 1100,
and Its effect Is already being felt.
Dr. John B. Rich, who Is 94 years young
and the oldest New Yorker In the city,
says becoming a centenarian Is as easy
as rolling off a log to anyone who will take
the pains. He Instructed the Health Cul
ture club the other night on the secrets of
perpetual youth, which he gave as the
"Be good-natured: be clean; exercise; be
comfortable; sleep in the most comfortable
bed you can get; don't eat twice as much
as you need, and don't eat food that will
abuse that poor old muscle, the human
"The greatest wonder," he said, "Is not
how people manage to live to the age of
100 years, but how so many of them manage
to live for thirty-five years. Tbey haven't
time, they say, to take a Tltt e exercise,
they haven't time to study the laws of hy
giene snd they put things Into their
stomachs without a thought as to whether
their food and drink are calculated to make
good, rich blood."
An odd time-saving device has recently
come to the notice of the patrons of one
of the large department stores of 'New
York City. This Is an envelope enclosing
the monthly bill, and, save for one feature.
Is like the rest of Its kind; that part of the
envelope upon which custom requires the
writing of the address is cut away In a long
ellipse. Pasted from the Inside and tight
as a drum-head over the opening Is a
piece of tough, transpsrent paper. It Is,
In effect, an envelope with a window tn It.
The time-saving arises from the fact that
the envelope la not addressed at alt, but
the bill, bearing near the top the cus
tomer's name and address. Is so folded that
when placed In the envelope the name and
address will appear behind the window.
"Wit Bound to Come."
In delivering the diplomas to the graduat
ing class at Weat Point the secretary of
war aald: "Before you leave the army,
young men, according to all precedents In
our history, you will be engaged In another
war. It Is bound to come, and will come."
The secretsry spoke from history, which
shows that we have had a war about every
twer.ty-Ave yeara What will cause it, from
what quarter It will come, or who our an
tagonist will be are matters for conjecture,
but the secretary was doubtless right when
be said "It la bound to coma."
Known by their works.
"TKt PtrfedtJ American Witch," an Hhutrtttd book
of intertsting information abooi xuztches, 27 b sent
fret upon request
American WaSham Witch Company,'
EEMIXO RIGHT AND BEING RIGHT.
An Incident of Civil Wnr Time with
In 1363 when Jay Cooke was carrying out
Important financial functions for the gov
ernment through the then secretary of the
treasury, Salmon P. Chase, the later or
dered of the house of Cooke 800 shares of
Philadelphia Erie railroad stock, expect
ing to pay for It out of the proceeds of a
farm In Ohio, which he was about to sell.
Circumstances came preventing the sale
and the order was countermanded, where
upon Cooke wrote inclosing his check for
14,200, saying that the stock had advanced
In price and that the remittance represented
the profit Chase wasn't very wealthy and
it was a temptation to accept the situation,
but he returned the check, saying: '".t Is
essential for me to be right as well as to
seem right, and to seem right as well as to
be right." How many publio officials, etc.,
LIFE) BY THE CLOCK.
Devices for lengthening- Life Tend to
An eminent physician, at a recent gath
ering of his profession, directed notice
afresh to the dally tension under which
most Americans do their work. We rise
on time, he remarked, tn the morning,
whether by an alarm clock, by the call of
a servant or by habit, eat breakfast at.d
read the paper on time, a clock In every
room and a watch frequently In our hand.
We then, on time, meet office and outside
engagements, business appointments, con
sultations, always preconslderlng the
amount of time that will be required, snd
timing the next engagement accordingly.
Often we subdivide this time, and note by
our watches exactly how long we can dis
cuss a subject.
This Is no exaggeration of the American
habit. Even such breaks In works as are
compelled by the need of physical refresh
ment are brought within time limits. We
eat on time Just as we transact all our
business on time. If the typlc.il American
were to be depicted In his most character
istic attitude. It would be perched on a
stool at a "quick lunch counter," consum- j
ing his midday meal In seven minutes at
Doubtless punctuality is a virtue. Doubt
less also the practice of doing things x
actly on time has won for us, as a people,
a large measure of Industrial success. But,
carried to an extreme, as It often Is, it Is
wearing to the Individual. The people whose
nerve break down from exhaustion In
cident to overwork are often not so much
the victims of overwork as of the habit of
compressing every bit of work within pre
arranged limits of time. Let any one try
the experiment of doing a given piece of
work steadily and with application, but
without noticing by his watch or a clock
exactly how much time he Is consuming,
an! he will be amased to find how much
easier It will go oft than when he Is timing
himself, and scheming to bring the pre
scribed task within a fixed number of
We know a great deal more about sani
tary matters than our fathers and grand
fathers knew. We have hunted down mi
crobes. We have concocted serums. Dis
eases which were once regarded as visita
tions of Providence we now know to be
preventable and we take suitable means of
preventing them. All these discoveries and
new remedies ought to diminish the death
rate and to promote longevity. They have
not done so, as a matter of fact; perhaps
they Tilght do so if they had a fair chance.
The trouble Is that along with these de
vices for lengthening life we are adopting
practices which tend to shqrten It One
of the most wearing of these Is the habit
of bringing all the details of our work
within exact time limits.
When the assassins tackle Prince Kara
georgewlteh It will be necessary to go at
him In sections.
Henry Horn, one of the few survivors of
the charge of the Light Brigade, has just
died In . London.
Senor Banehes Toca, Spanish minister of
marine, has a naval scheme In hand which
will call for an annual expenditure of about
$50,000,000 for ten yeara
Eight survivors of "the Forty-niners,"
who went from Baltimore to California In
the early days ef the rush for gold, held
a reunion last week. The youngest of them
Is 79 years old.
The four tallest policemen on the Phila
delphia force will accompany the old liberty
bell on Its coming trip to the Bunker Hill
day celebration in Boston. Each of them
is over six feet tall and their average
weight Is 200 pounds.
Mr. Chamberlain and John Morley are
alike in one respect they both abhor phy
sical exercise and never walk more than
a few yards If It Is possible to ride. They
hold that a man who works hard with his
brain does not need great physical exercise.
At the wedding of Mr. and Mrs. McCor
mlck (Miss Ruth Hanna), In Cleveland, the
other day, General Corbin amused the
guests at the banquet with the following
toast: "I will propose a toast to the real
mistress of the occasion, Maggie, the
Henry Roeo, the wealthy Cuban planter
who, It Is said, gave the greater part of his
fortune In aid of the Cuban revolutionists,
is confined In a New York asylum for the
Insane. Mr. Roso's estate, which at one
time was In the millions, has dwindled. It Is
said, to S50.000.
President Cyrus Northrup ef the Uni
versity of Minnesota threatens to resign be
cause of the nonpayment of his salary,
which Is long overdue. The university ap
propriation made at the last session of the
legislature was wholly Inadequate to meet
the expenses of the Institution.
The most eminent cltlsens of the United
States of negro blood will address the coun
try In a book to be published In September
entitled, "The Negro Problem." The race
question will be discussed by Booker T.
Washington. Prof. W. E. Burghardt Du
bois, Charles W. Chestnut, Paul Laurence
Dunbar, T. Thomas Fortune, Wllford H.
Smith and H. T. Keating.
David Nation, divorced huaband of the
Kansas saloon smasher, celebrated his 7tth
birthday last week at Iberia, near Oalllon,
O., where he lives with his daughter, Mrs.
William Riddle. Two other daughters and
a son were present at the celebration, be
sides many other guests. Mr. Nation was
formerly a minister of the gospel and for
many years was In the newspaper business.
FACTS ABOUT SERVIA.
The Kingdom Where Royalty Moves
Swiftly to the Grave.
The kingdom of Bervla lies In the Balkan
peninsula. It has sn area of 19.050 squnrn
miles and a population of 5.150,000.
Servla lies between Bosnia on the west
and Bulgaria and Roumsnla on the east.
The surface of the country Is for the most
Oold, silver. Iron and lead are found In
the regions. The climate Is mild, though
subject to the extremes characteristic of
Inland eastern countries.
The leading occupations are agriculture
snd the raising of live stock; the chief
products are hogs, sheep, wheat and malse
Four-fifths of the people In the country
districts live on their own land.
The government Is a constitutional
hereditary monarchy. The legislative body
Is the Skupshtlna. The prevailing religion
Is the Oreek Catholic.
The history of Servla covers a long and
turbulent period. The title of king of
Servla was assumed In the eleventh cen
tury, when the country wss In Its most
flourishing condition. The Servian power
was overthrown by the Turks In 1389 and
Servla was Incorporated with Turkey about
A rising under Cierny George In 1804 re
sulted In the expulsion of the Turks, but
they reconquered the country In IMS. A
rising In 1815 under Mllosh Obrenovlch wns
more successful. The Turkish garrisons
were withdrawn In 1867. The war against
Turkey In 1878 was unsuccessful. Servla
took part with Russia against Turkey In
1877-1878 and became absolutely Independent,
receiving a considerable addition to terri
tory In 1ST,
The agricultural population Is scattered
among a great number of villages, most of
which consist of single, isolated home
steads. The patriarch of the community
apportions the work and distributes the
proceeds of the labor. His ruling Is fol
lowed without question.
The Servian army Is divided Into three
classes; the first class, embracing men be
tween 25 and 80 years of sge, constitutes
the standing army, which numbers 18,000
on a peace footing and about 100,000 on a
war footing; the second class co'ntains men
between 80 years and 87, who have served
tn the standing army; the third claas, which
Is only called out In extraordinary emer
gencies. Is composed of men between 37 and
60 years. The total military strength of
the kingdom Is estimated at 200,000.
WHITTLED TO A POIWT.
"Some men," said Uncle Eben, "says dat
honesty Is de bes' policy, sn' den seems
pufflckly wlllln' to give delr neighbor a
monopoly of Its advantages." Washington
"It's an eight-hour day for about every
body now, isn't It?" "Oh. no; not for the
employers." "And why not for them?"
"Because, If they had been content with an
eight-hour day, they wouldn't have suc
ceeded In becoming employers." Chicago
Teas Gracious! You're as cross as two
sticks this morning.
Jess No wonder. That's what I had
calling on me last night.
Jess Two sticks. Philadelphia Press.
The thrum of a patient piano filled the
air with tremulous distress. "Your neigh
bor next door seems to have a delicate ear
for music," said the visitor. "I don't know
anything about her delicate ear," said the
afflllcted householder. "What bothers me Is
her powerful hands." Cleveland Plain
"You are from Boomtown, are you?"
said the passenger in the skull cap. "Well,
our town Is to be congratulated. There
doesn't seem to have been any distress
caused, there by the floods."
"Doesn't, heyT" retorted the passenger
In the sweater. "Our baaeball ground has
been under water for more'n a week,
b'goahl" Chicago Tribune.
"I shouldn't be surprised if Josh was goln'
to be a great Inventor or eoraethln'," said
"What signs has he shown T Inquired his
"I had a long talk with him last night.
That boy kin make you believe more tilings
that sln't so than anybody I ever saw."
"What's up, old man? I never saw you
look so haggard."
"The 'Steenth bank Is up; that's what's
up. And my deposit's gone up with it"
"Oh! I wouldn't let a thing like that
i m not upset; merely lost my balance.
'How about the golden rule?" he asked.
I vouldn't advance you a oent on It,"
answered Isaacs, the pawnbroker." Chi
THE OLD KENTUCKY HOME.
The sun shines bright on the bayonets and
On the cannon In the common and the
There is musio In the bugle and the rolling
ot tne arums,
And there's muslo of the rifles In the
The militiamen are mounting guard before
the old Jan aoor.
The mountaineers are massing for the
And It'a getting mighty lively In a dosen
ways .ir more.
In the old Kentucky home so far away.
The orchards are In blossom and the per
fumed air is sweet,
Oh! the face of nature never was more
But the Colonels are a-shootlng at each
other In the street,
And the mountaineers are out upon a
For It's Summer In Kentucky and without
a feud or two,
Without a chance to stab and shoot and
Life would not be worth the living where
the meadow grass Is blue.
In the old Kentucky home so far away.
Ilorsford'a Acid Phosphate cures
habitual stomach weakness, Im
proves appetite, digestion and nu
trition. It is a splendid tonic for
all weak conditions. Insist on
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