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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 2, 1902)
THE OMAHA DAILY BEE: SATURDAY, AUGUST 2, 1902
1niE omaha Daily Bee
FUMJSHED EVEftT MORNINQ.
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THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska. Douglas County, ss.:
Ueorce B. Txschuck, secretary of The Bee,
Publishing Company, being duly sworn,
ays that the actual number of full and
complete, copies of The Dally, Morning,
Evening and Hunday Bee printed during
tna montn oi July, iwi, was as toiiowa:
t 31), IV tO
I 8 29,400
28 . M.BBO
Lets unsold and returned copies.... ,
Net total sales.
Net dally a'erage.
GEO. B. TZBCHUCIC
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before ma this (1st day of July, A. D. 1901
(Seal.) ii. B. HUNGATB,
A peaceable strike Is the one that
bring-, best and most permanent re
mits. Buffalo Bill Is the one eminent Ne
braska whose continued hold on the
people no one will question.
It ought not to be necessary for Ak-Bar-Ben
knights to go all the way to
Deadwood to break into Jail.
Another jwrtlnpnt "nestle-!!! xyvf
does Governor Savage owe to Congress
man Mercer? What did Mercer ever do
The republicans of Iowa appear to be
well satisfied with the work of their
state convention and they alone have
the votes to back it up at the polls.
Governor Savage finds that to pick out
four suitable business men out of poli
tics for members of his new Omaha po
lice board is much easier said than done.
Jim Dahlman is out already for Bryan
for president in 1904. Dahlman Is said
to have put up money in 1900 that New
York would give its electoral vote to
Another Arctic explorer has come back
from the frozen north "baffled, but not
beaten." The consolation consists In the
knowledge that no one else has reached
the pole ahead of, him.
If our Deadwood friends will return
the visit during the week of'Ak-Sar-
Ben's carnival, hla royal highness will
see to it that they are treated to some
thing at least as good as a ride in the
General Jacob II. Smith has arrived la
this country from the Philippines, but
discreetly declines to talk for publica
tion. General Smith seems finally to
have realised that be has done too much
talking already. .
It is worthy of note that the warning
that Superintendent of Schools Pearse
was about to be stolen away from us by
an Irresistible bid from Cleveland for
Omaha's renowned educator was evi
dently a false alarm.
Rock Island reorganization may run
up against a snag in Iowa. The privi
lege of paying perpetual tolls on oceans
of watered stock and Inflated bonds Is
not appreciated by the people who have
to patronize the road.
Those California earthquakes are now
ascribed to disturbances created by
gases in the interior of the earth. This
fortunately lets out several eminent
windbags who might be blamed for
emitting gases on the exterior of the
' The only wonder Is that some of our
enterprising yellow journal contempo
raries have not discovered that in the
recent incorporation of a group of
trained nursea in this city for mutual
benefits is not the seed of an odious
trained nurse trust
. Colonel Arthur Lynch of the British
army, accused of treason, explains that
he was In the Boer lines only as a cor
respondent of French and American pub
lications. If representing an American
magazine on the field constitutes treason,
the price of war correspondents may be
expected to go up.
Nebraska is not so insistent, thst all
the experimental reservoirs provided for
under the new irrigation law, be lo
cated within its borders, but wants to
get the benefits of the stored water. If
Sk reaenolr Is built across the Wyoming
line It should be near enough to fur
bish water for Nebraska farms too, but
Nebraska ought to have one or more
of the experimental reservoirs for Itself
BKfVRt ASD ATTER TAKIXO.
The railroad tax bureau has Issued
another bulletin to eonrlnce the people
of Nebraska that railroad assessments
in Lancaster county are way up above
the level of the assessments of other
property, aud It has succeeded In making
Itself believe that the railroads are over
taxed, although, possibly, It may not be
able to convert other taxpayers of Lan
caster county to that belief.
For the purposes of the tax bureau,
comparisons are Instituted between the
census bureau figures of 1900 and the
assessed valuation of 1893. A compari
son between the assessed valuations of
railroads In 1891 and 1001 would be
much more effective
In 1891 the Missouri Tacluc Lincoln
branch was assessed at $70,992; In 1902
It was assessed at $09,000. In 1891 the
Fremont It Elkhorn was assessed at
$81,250; in 1901 It was assessed at $00,
000. In 1891 the Omaha & Republican
Valley railroad was assessed for $173,
055; in 1901 It was assessed for $135,065.
In 1891 the Nebraska railroad was as
sessed for $173,840; in 1901 it was as
sessed fof $150,880. In 1891 the Lincoln
It Northwestern was assessed for $51,
255; In 1901 it was assessed for $41,004.
The Atchison & Nebraska was assessed
In 1891 for. $97,000, and in 1901 it was
assessed for $89,240. The Burlington &
Missouri River road was assessed In
1891 for $383,072, and in 1901 it was as
sessed for $344,273. The assessment for
1902 is substantially the same as for
The distribution for the Improvements
made by the railroads, and for the enor
mous Increase in their value and earn
ing capacity within ten years is not vis
ible to the naked eye, but the contrast
before taking and after taking is more
decidedly in evidence by the comparison
of railway assessments in the' city of
Lincoln. The amount of bonds voted by
the city of Lincoln as donations to the
various railroads aggregate $194,500.
The total Interest paid by the city of
Lincoln on these bonds for the year end
ing June 30, 1902, waa $9,380. For the
year 1901 the total taxes paid into the
city treasury of Lincoln by ail the rail
roads was $987.55, a difference of
$8,302.43 In the Interest paid for the rail
roads and taxes collected from them.
When it is borne in mind that the tax
payers of Lincoln have paid over $90,000
in interest within the past fifteen years
on the bonds donated to the railroads,
these figures are decidedly suggestive of
what yon expect before taking and what
you get after taking.
The republican congressional commit
tee is preparing for a vigorous cam-
. . , i m ..a -
migu, win a. iccuu kil cuulo vuu-
fldence in the result - Chairman Bab
cock of the committee Says that com
plete harmony prevails, whereas dis
sension and discord among the demo
crats continues and has perhaps been
aggravated by the eastern visit of Mr.
Bryan. Having practically dropped the
Philippine issue and miserably failed in
their attack on the army, the democrats
are now pushing to the front the trusts
and the tariff. On these questions the
republican party is ready to meet them,
said the chairman of the congressional
committee. "The only anti-trust legis
lation on the statute books was enacted
by the republican party in congress. The
democrats have no record. The tariff
is an issue we gladly espouse. With
everybody at work, everybody with
money and clothes and food, with pros
perlty on every hand, the result of
republican policies, we are not afraid to
ask the country to continue the repub
lican party in power in order that those
policies may be continued in effect."
This is the feeling that pervades the
congressional committee and is enter
talned generally -by republican leaders.
All the conditions are favorable to the
republicans winning the next house of
representatives. The republican major
lty In ' the present house is forty-six,
There will be 380 members In the next
bouse, which is twenty-nine more than
the present enrollment To overcome
the republican majority in this congress
and gain any portion of the new mem
bership seems to careful students of the
situation practically impossible. Unless
some great convulsion ahould occur in
the political situation, of which there is
no expectation or Indication, it Is quite
probable that there will be a larger
republican majority in the bouse of the
Fifty-eighth congress than there is in
the present congress. "
An eastern democratic paper re
cently remarked that "an Impartial sur
vey of the situation does not Justify the
democratic party's hope that' It will con
trol the next bouse of representatives.'
The more sagacious party leaders do not
expect It to. They realize that the
party has no winning issue, while the
lack of unity and harmony causes It to
be distrusted quite as .much now as at
any time during the last six years. The
great majority of the intelligent and
thoughtful voters In all relations farm
ers, merchants, manufacturers, wage
earners are averse to jeopardizing the
favorable conditions that exist by sup
porting a party spilt up as the demo
cracy is and which has no definite and
settled conviction or po.lcy, unless it be
to break down the policy of protection
to our Industries and labor. Republican
confidence In carrying the next house of
representatives is well founded, but it
must not be allowed to Interfere with a
vigorous prosecution of the congres
WHAT DorS It V 8 MA ME ATI t
This question in connection with the
Russian note relative to trusts, seems to
be giving some concern to ' certain of
ficials at Washington as well as to those
of foreign governments. The most re
cent conjecture reported Is that Russia
is either preparing to recede from her
position on the bounty-fed sugar ques
tion, or preparing to negotiate a new
trade treaty with the United States for
the purpose of offsetting the proposed
discrimination of foreign governments
against Russian sugar. It is intimated.
ltatea & Washington dispatch, that Rut
sla may be serving notice, by the pro
posal for a trust conference, upon Eng
land, Germany and Austria that any
attempt on their part to enforce the
Brussels conference agreement by im
posing a discriminating duty ngnlnst
Russia, will be met by Russia's refusal
to buy ber manufactured goods from
those nations. Russia takes the po
sition that sho can get along without
them, but that they cannot get along
without her agricultural products and
It Is said that If this theory is correct.
the United States will be the gainer In
case the other European countries in
sist upon tariff discriminations against
Russia. As yet none of the European
governments which have received the
proposal for an international conference
to consider the trusts has made any
response or given any intimation as to
how the proposal is regarded and the
matter has received very little public
attention abroad. The opinion has been
expressed that the Russian idea of some
sort of international anti-trust agree
ment is not likely to be viewed with
favor by any of the European govern
ments and certainly not by England
and Germany, In both of which are
many so-called trusts and where indus
trial combinations are on the increase.
The governments of those countries will
under no circumstances enter into an
international arrangement which would
require their interference with domestic
enterprises. This Is doubtless the case
also with France and Austria. It ap
pears to be no less certain that these
countries will enforce the agreement of
the Brussels conference, which requires
discrimination against Russian sugar as
being bounty-fed. ,
It is possible that this might result to
the advantage of the United States, but
this country would probably .be asked,
in order to get such advantage, so far
as the Russian market Is concerned, to
make' concessions that might prove not
to be expedient The obvious fact is
that Russia is looking chiefly to the
protection of her sugar industry and In
this she Is not likely to receive the as
sistance of any of the sugar-producing
MERC KB STILL HAH THK FLOOR,
David II. Mercer is trying to pose be
fore this community as a much maligned
man because The Bee has insisted that
he must square himself with his constit
uents before he can Justify his demand
for another term In congress. Mr. Mer
cer is certainly not oblivious to the fact
that on May 17, 1902, William F. Gurley
Issued a challenge to the editor of The
Bee to discuss his candidacy in the fol
"Having announced yourself as opposed to
the renomlnation of David H. Mercer in
congress, both by publlo speech and In the
columns of your paper, and as the con
gresalonal campaign Is now at hand, the
question of Mr. Meroer's candidacy Is one
of no little interest to the people of this
community. Believing in free and full dis
cussion of all publlo questions, I hereby
extend to you an invitation to meet with
me in Joint debate before the republicans
of this district in such time and place and
under such arrangements as may be agreed
upon with us, or our representatives, to
discuss the sltuattpn. An Immediate reply
The challenge was promptly accepted
and the debate took place more than a
month ago. During the progress of the
debate certain questions were pro
pounded to Mr. Gurley, which he either
Ignored or declined to answer. Al
though Mr. Mercer has been a visitor In
Omaha for more than ten days and has
repeatedly been urged to answer these
questions, he still maintains a discreet
In order that Mr. Mercer may have
another opportunity to square himself
with the people of the district of which
he is the non-resident representative The
Bee, at the risk of being charged with
malice aforethought again propounds
the questions in the exact language in
which they were propounded the last
Question Will Mr. Mercer live in
Omaha if he la not re-elected, or will he
locate permanently in Washington and
resume his old business as professional
This question Mr. Gurley parried by
declaring that he is not a mind reader.
Question Will Mr. Mercer be satisfied
with a sixth term In congress, or will
he want a seventh term, an eighth term
and as many more terms as he can fill
during the balance of his life?
This question Mr. Gorlcy met by the
bold declaration that the people of this
district needed Mercer more than Mer
cer needed them. In other words, Mer
cer needs them only two months out of
the year and they ought to be satisfied.
Question Is it true that Congressman
Mercer pockets the allowance of $100
per month for clerk hire Instead of giv
lng some Nebraska boy or girl a chance
to earn the salary?
About this subject Mr. Mercer's cham
pion seemed to be dazed and the people
still remain absolutely in the dark.
Question Why does Mr. Mercer make
political deals for West Point and An
napolla cadetships while other congress
men leave these appointments open for
competitive examination so that every
boy who aspires to such an education
can have an equal chance?
This also staggered Mr. Gurley and
failed to elicit a response-
Question Why did Mercer displace
two Nebraska grand army veterans who
were employed in the capltol building
and substitute for them men who are
not old soldiers and moreover are re
puted to hail from Minnesota?
This inquiry stirred Mr. Gurley to
most profound Indignation and in re
sponse he wanted to know why the
editor of The Bee does not wear wooden
shoes, dress in rags and go foith into
the woods to make penance for the rest
of bis life.
It is said that many of the Americans
who participated - in the reception to
Prince Henry and who were selected
to receive decorations in recognition of
their hospitality, have declined the deco
rations. This must be a new experience
for Emperor .William. lie la sot accus-
tomed to having Ms favors turned bsck
in fact no subject of the German em
peror would dare to refuse a proffered
honor. But the sovereign American
citizen has a perfect right to accept or
reject gifts or decorations no matters
what their source.
The Iowa State Board of Equalization
has raised the assessment of the rail
roads In that state over $4,000,000. Iowa
has been held up to the Nebraska as
sessment board as a model of high taxa
tion, but according to members of the
Real Estate exchange who have Just re
turned from Lincoln the Nebraska state
board declares that "Rosewater has
made no case on railroad assessments."
Possibly the state board may be Induced
to revise its opinion after the supreme
court has rendered its decision.
It turns out thst the estate left two
years ago by a London merchant to pub
lic purposes, supposed to have been
worth about $1,000,000, In reality
amounts to more than $10,000,000. This
reverses the usual rule. Most estates
shrink like a cake of Ice under a sum
mer sun when they get into the admin
Nothing would please Omaha people
better, without regard to religious creed
or denomination, than to have this city
made the seat of a western archlepis-
copal see for the Roman Catholic church,
with Bishop Scannell advanced to the
Aaether Case, tor Arbltratloa.
Kansas City Journal.
Colonel Wattersori and Colonel Bryan may
settle It between themselves as to which
one's assaults have had the most effect on
the Fat Fisherman.
Aa Overlooked Opportunity.
Curious some Nebraska special corre
spondent doesn't wire a etory of a farmer
whose potato crop was harvested for him
by the earthquake, without cost
New Schema (or Chlcag Folks.
Now the man who wants to account for
the loas of his money does not have to
tell how he was held up. He simply
misses It from his safety deposit vault
Another Penalty of Prosperity.
Since horses have become valuable the
horse thief Industry has picked up, and has
become so flourishing In southern Minne
sota that the sheriffs of several adjoining
counties have organised an anti-horse
Cora la Kin This Year.
It Is Corn that la King this year, In his
mantle- of gold and hts plumags of the
color of the ean. The voice of the
calamity crasher Is too far off for King
Corn to hear It., and too far for tha pennU
to heed It. It le Corn that is King this
year of grace 1S02I
Aa Oatraceaaa Policy. ,
, New. Tork Times.
It may be there is no way of reaching
the coal presidents ' and Impressing them
with a sense of their publlo duty, but
the obllgcfion devolves upon all independ
ent newspapers to denounce their policy as
an outrage upon the rights of the eoal
conaumlng public. If the state of Penn
sylvania does not see to It that such a
crime against the publlo welfare is not
sgaln commltteed it will be derelict ia
its duty to Us own people and to the sister
hood of states.
Bryan'a Delaatvo Crowds.
Detroit Free Press.
Democratic managers in the east are
making tha common mistake of attributing
great political significance to the immense
crowds that turn out to hear Mr. Bryan's
speeches. Experience hae shown that Mr.
Bryan always draws large crowds, but the
crowds do not necessarily mean a heavy
democratic vote. Mr. Bryan will be
greeted by large audiences as long as he
remains in politics, because he is easily
ths most graceful and fascinating political
speaker in tha United States.
COVUTERFEITI1NG SILVER COI.fS.
Daaaer el Overvalaatloa aa aa Ia-
eeativo (or Shoviac tha ttanr,
Secret service officers of ths United
States. have arrested one Alfred S. Cun
ningham for making and circulating
spurious sliver half dollars.
., These spurious colna contain the same
proportion of pure sliver as the genuine
and, so far as now appears, they were all
of tho same date 1877. Cunningham
seems to have chosen for his purpose a
coin of the old design partly because it
waa not so familiar as the new design and
differences were not so likely to be no
ticed, and partly, perhaps, because of the
fact that by giving the spurious coins a
worn appearance be could pass them with
He himself states that he had no ac
complices and that, though he had been
producing these coins since 1898, be had
put them in circulation without the as
slatance of othere.
If this is true It is certainly remark
able. It must have required as much
''talent" for one man to put afloat worn
halves all of one date for some four years
without exciting suspicion as it did to
produce so perfect an imitation of the
genuine coin. '
Perhaps ths most Interesting feature of
this discovery Is that Cunningham used
steel dies, of which no less than twenty, it
la said, were found about hla flat. Iu
view of the number of these dies it Is the
more remarkable that all the coins are of
Mia same date. Upon examination It may
be found that the dies are of different
datea. If it was necessary to multiply
dies it must have been easy to make them
to counterfeit eolne of different dates and
so to facilitate putting the epurlous plecee
in circulation without exciting suaplcloa.
It has generally been considered Imprac
ticable to use dies In the production of
spurious coin not only because of the cost
of the dies themselves but because of the
cost and weight and difficulty of operating
the other machinery required for the
manufacture of cola with dies.
But hero waa found a little mint In a
common flat and the whole was effectually
concealed from the eye of the ordinary
observer. Representing himself as an In
vantor, the proprietor waa able to operate
hla cola factory without awakening the
suspicion of bis neighbors.
All this serves to suggest that this sort
of counterfeiting may be carried sa far
mora extensively than Is generally sup
posed. It would seem to be possible by
increasing the number of dies and arrang
ing a well-organized system for putting
the spurious coins afloat to carry en a
pretty extensive business of this kind for
a long time without detection.
The whole amount of apurlous coin can
not become very great as compared with
the entire maaa of the genuine without ae
taction of tha fact but it can be large
onough to make a number ef pretty re-
OTHER LASDS THAU OVRS.
The result of the election at North
Leeds a few dsys ago Is a severe reveres
to tho British conservatives and liberal
unionists, more, so even than that of the
Bury election. According to reports, free
trade and ths education bill were the
Issues. Such a chsnge aa tho conversion
of a government majority of 1.500 Into
a minority of 700 has not often been wit
nessed In Oreat Britain, and Is an om
inous Indication of unpopularity which
even the London Times warns the govern
ment to notice. It is uncertain whether
tho recent Imposition of the grain taxes
had as much to do with the conservative
defeat aa the education question. The lat
ter has excited an extraordinary bitter
ness among the nonconformists, and If op
position to the grain duties west ae far
against the government as It did in Bury
It is evident that two very strong weapons
hsvs been found by the liberal opposition.
In hla heart of hearts the kaiser is
probably most grateful to the nobles of
Poland who have given htm so splendid
a chance to be theatrically mediaeval.
They beg him not to visit Posen at the
present time because of the possible dan
ger to his person. In reply he puts him
self at the head of 90,000 men-at-arms
(let us call them so for the moment) and
advances on the discontented city to over
whelm and stun it by 'the concrete ex
hibition of his irresistible power. Thus
would Coeur de Lion have done, and thus
Barbarossa; and the kaiser Is . of their
type. It will be a great day for Posen
the barred doors and windows, the ex
pectant hush, the distant fanfare of trum
pets, then a mist of Uhlans, a surge of
heavy cavslry, a cataract ef splendid sol
diery of all arms, and In the midst of
them the war -lord himself, glittering In
steel and polished silver under his eagle
crested helmet, and saluted by cannon
and a crash of martial music
The name of Swakopmund Is probably
unfamiliar to the average reader, and
that of Windhoek Is little better known.
If to these we add Jakalswater, Abbabls,
Karablb and Okahftndja, we have a list
calculated to aend one In despair and
perhaps in vain to the gaieteer. Tet
those names indicate the stations on a
new railroad nearly 240 miles long, run
ning from the coast inland In one of the
least known parts of Africa. The country
In question is Damaraland, commonly
called German Southweet Africa. Wind
hoek Is one of the chief towns in the in
terior, end Swakopmund is a port on the
Atlantic coast Just north of Walflsch bay.
The Z3S miles of country lying between
them Is rugged snd wild in an excep
tional degree. But the railroad has been
completed it was begun less than five
years ago at a cost of something more
than )3,000,000, and (500,000 more will be
spent on harbor improvements at Swakop
mund. Passenger and freight trains are
now running dally and a great develop
ment of Industry and commerce Is reason
ably expected. Now a railroad 238 miles
long is scarcely comparable with the great
"Cape to Cairo" scheme, or with the Si
berian railroad. Tet It is long enough
to reach across the island of Madagascar,
or from Delagoa bay almost to Pretoria,
or clear across Cape Colony to tha Or
ange River colony. Such a line, opened up
Is one of the least known parts of Africa,
must be regarded as another Important
avenue of access to the Dark Continent,
and aa a significant token of the march of
civilization under the German flag.
The economic conditions of the empire
give advantage to the agitators against
the government In hie recent report on
the budget of the empire for 1902 the
Russian finance minister pointed out that
the chief evil of the country Is Its 'lack
of transportation facilities. The empire
ss a whole produces every year far more
food than Is needed to supply lta popula
tion, and yet in some provinces grain
rots in the fields because of local over
production, while in other provinces there
is famine. The empire ie rich In Iron,
coal, oil, stone snd wood, but these varied
resources are undeveloped by reason of a
lack of means to get the products to
market. In the course of his report the
finance minister said there are 415 versts
of railway tor every million of Inhab
itants in Russia, while Austria has 716,
Britain 796, Germany 884, France 1,033
and the United States 3,622. He urged
a liberal expenditure of money In the
construction of additional railways snd
canals, and asserted that while the rail
way mileage of the empire had been
doubled In the last ten years, It Is still
far abort of the immediate needs of in
dustry and commerce. That increased
transportation facilities will largely Im
prove the conditions of the empire seems
Italy, which has long had an eye on
Tripoli, as a rival to the French colony
of Algeria, has disturbed the equanimity
of Europe several tlmee In recent years
by threatening to take posaesslon of It
Hence, it is little wonder that tho ap
pearance of an Italian squadron In port
there has startled Turkey, the nominal
owner of the province. It is now that
the sultan feels the value ex having the
German emperor as his friend. He can
exert a restraining Influence on Italy,
which will doubtless prove effectual, and
in the present state of European politics
there is every reason to suppose that he
will do so.
In the great University of Berlin there
are now more than 1,700 atudenta in the
law department, and in tho medical de
nartment the total exceeds 1,000. Prus
sia is not likely to suffer from a scant
suddIt of lawyers or of doctors. But
with philosophers it may be even more
generously provided, because in the so-
called philosophical department tae uni
veralty rejoices over the preeence and the
assiduous devotion of nearly 2,700 acolytes
of learning. Thrice fortunate Prussia.
AH INTERNATIONAL STOCK SHOW,
r.r.mt Krmrmtm If WaaLd BrlBSC to
Breeders of Hlah Grade Animals.
Kanaaa City Journal.
The mission to Europe of Senator W, A
Harris, as a special representative of the
Louisiana Purchase exposition, is of par
ttcular interest to the west which has be
come the great stock growing region of
the country. It Is the purpose of the expo
sitlon managers to get up a great interna
tional stock show, and the mission of
Senator Harris Is to Interest the stock
breeders of Europe in making a display.
In an interview given to a newspaper cor
respondent at Washington ) the senator
aays he is confident that he can induce
the best breeders of Europe to send ever
exhibits, and he is particularly sure that
King Edward of England will consent to
the exhibition of one or more of bis herds
of thoroughbreds, than which thsre is
It le particularly appropriate that Eng
land should be largely interested In a show
of cattle ia America Tha moat of our
American cattle are of British origin, and
we still look to England for the finest
bred of our leading strains. The cattle
which we lump together as Shorthorns
are nearly all of British origin. We owe
to England, aa the samsa indicate, our
Durhama, Herefords, Devons, Ayrshire!
and Alderneya. From the reat of Europe
we have taken but few etralns save the
Holsteln-Frieatan and the Belted Dutch,
though the continent hae many fine breeds
which ate little kseva here and which
might be Introduced with great advantage.
It Is worth remembering that the Polled
Ans,us were first introduced to the United
Statea at an exposition, the Centennial,
and by a Kansas man, Mr. George Grant
of Ellis county. In 1876 Mr. Grsnt Im
ported a show herd of these black, hornless
rattle. After their exhibition at Phila
delphia, where they attracted a tremendous
Interest, he brought them to Kansaa snd
used them In breeding up the longhora
Texan Into a valuable animal. There
scarcely la a state or territory in the west
which csnnot trace eome of its polled stock
to Grant's exhibition at the Centennial,
and we have no doubt that a similar
exhibition of European strains at St
Louie will result In a distribution of new
blood among all our western cattle
CHANCE FOR SEW MEN.
Bralaa and Ability Will Find Plenty
of Roeaa la Cona-reas.
There are peculiar opportunities open to
a man of talent In the house of representa
tives at Washington at this Juncture. Ques
tions of the first Importance are being
brought up for consideration In that body.
Among them is the vindication of the place
of the house itself In the government against
the encroachments being made upon it In
this respect by ths senate. The action of
the government ss regards the spreading
of Its territories and the taking into its
association of distant peoples with diverse
Interests is of. the utmost moment. The
condition of Its domestto affairs, with the
growth of the Immense business Interests
of the people. Is scarcely less so. We look
back In history to the days when Webster
and Clay and Calhoun snd Benton made
their reputations In statesmanship, and
often regard the opportunities they found
there ae never to return. The fact Is tbtt
if they do not return In the form In which
they then appeared they may come In an
other equally momentous, equally a test for
talent In statesmanship, equally affording
the opportunities to achieve a reputation
The truth of the esse Is that If parties
themselves are not to be dissolved the time
Is apparently at hand for a new alignment
under party names. Neither party has the
cohesion of principle In which its members
are fully agreed to hold it together. This
has been true of the democrats for years,
snd it Is fast becoming true of the repub
licans In almost an equal degree. There is
a further signal that the time has come for
men to achieve usefulness and win dis
tinction In the public service and for the
new beginners In it there Is no field like
that of the national house of representa
tives. No man who has genuine ability
need shrink from it under the belief that
he Is to be a cipher there. It all depends
upon himself. He may sink Into compara
tive nonentity If he is lacking In mental
resources or yields to Indolence, but if he
has the power within him and is true to
himself In Its everrlaA thnr ha Iiaaii tin
era In our national existence when the fleld
for distinction In public life Was better open
to him than It now Is.
PERSONAL AND GENERAL.
One of the lire department 'horses In
ttslMmAre le trftTnolv fiynA r-f 1 1 rn Ki,
cheese and eats It with evident relish.
Sweden's last census records the lowest
death rata yet attained by a civilized na
tion. During the last tea years it only
averaged 16.49 per 1,000.
Nelson's walking cane, which was picked
up on the deck of the Victory after be waa
shot at Trafalgar, is now in the possession
of a resident of Newport, Mont.
Signor Schlaparelll, the Milan astrono
mer, has been elected an associate of the
French Academy of Science in the room
of the late Baron Nordensklold.
Sir A. L. Jones of the Elder-Dempster
line announces that he will give free pas
sages to and from England once a year to
any of the Rhodes scholars Bailing from the
Canadian and Jamaican porta served by his
firm s steamers.
Charles Dickens' office table, chair and
looking glass and another high-back chair
he used in the editor's office of All the
Tear Round, were sold at auction In Lon
don lately for (425. They were given at
Dickens' death to his housekeeper and sold
by her to a collector.
A baby carriage which IS a miniature of
"the deacon's one-horse shay' and was
presented to Henry U Dawes while in
congress in the 60's, when it was an
nounced that he wa the father of a bounc
ing boy, Is now being repaired to do serv
ice for Henry L. Dawes III.
Citizens of Charleston, S. C, are urging
that the name of Meeting street, one of
the widest and most Important streets in
their city, be changed to Hampton avenue,
in memory of the late General Wade Hamp
ton. In Columbia, too, there Is talk of hav
ing a Hampton atreet or avenue.
The London academy la authority for the
news that Rudyard Kipling might have
been knighted along with Gilbert Parker
and Conan Doyle, but that he deolined the
offer. The academy further atatea that
Mr. Lecky refused a peerage, contenting
himself with membership in the new Order
The late Dr. Talmage once called on his
lawyer and found two of his parishioners
there on legal business of a private na
ture. "Ah, doctor!" called the lawyer In
greeting. "Good mornlngl Here are two
of your flock. May I ask without imper
tinence if you regard them as black sheep
or white?" "I don't know ae yet," re
plied Talmage dryly, "whether they're
black or white, but I'm very certain that
If they remain here long they'll be fleeced."
f What's the Use
sweltering these torrid days, when it's ko easy to
keep cool if you know how. Our store, in the first
place, is the coolest in town, as there are a dozen or
more big fans to stand under while you are selecting
a thin coat, a light' pair of trousers, a homespun, a
flannel suit, a soft shirt or two, or perhaps a straw
hat. We hare all the cool, comfortable things for
men and boys and the majority of them are reduced
in price for various reasons. ;
And no clothing fits like ours. .
Bt'ore closes at 9 p. m., Saturday.
Exclusive Clothiers and Furnishers.
R. S. Wilcox, Manager.
HIGHER PRICES FILtT OFFSET.
Amerlraa Waae Enraers Not Dispose
to Hetnrn to Dlatreae.
Those democrats who are seeking to
bring the tariff Issue prominently Into the
front are now trying to make the workmen
believe that, owing to Increased prlcea,
they are worse off than they were under
the Wilson tariff act. It the American
workmen were foola this argument would
still be fruitless, because eo many hundreds
of thousands of these workmen had no em
ployment whatever under the Wilson tariff
Set. But the workmen are not misled by
such silly talk. They were never better oft
tban they are today.
There Is probably not a man In the
United States today out of work who could
not find employment if he sought It The
enormous increase in savings banks de
posits and In the annual premiums on life
Insurance and other things of that kind
demonatrate the prosperity ef the people In
general, including the workmen. The price
of the greatest and most expensive com
modity in the land, Amer aa labor, has in
creased since the Dlngtey law went Into
operation fully BO per cent The railroad
employee of the eountry are getting SO per
cent more pay 'now than they received lu
The statistics of Massachusetts, which
are admittedly fair, show that the work
IngmsB of all classes in that state are now
earning from 40 to B0 per cent more than
in 1896. The farmers of ths country are
even better off. They were never so pros
perous as they are today. Prices of com
modities have Increased, but not In pro
portion to the earnings of labor. There Is
not only steady work for alt but higher
wages. Both of those count Immensely to
the Interest of the wage-earner. They can
afford to pay better prices, which are not
general, however, and are willing to do It
When democratic orators and editors ap
peal to the workingman against the tariff
on the ground of alleged higher price the
workingman has only to recall to mind the
distressful condition of things under the
Wilson tariff bill to answer satisfactorily
In his own mind all appeals of that kind.
New York Bun: Knlcker What became
of your resolution not to eat Welsh rabbit T
Bocker It waa laid on the table.
Detroit Free Press: Willie Say, pop,
give me a nickel for a poor, lame man
It Is Papa Who le hef
Willie He runs the lemonade stand on
Town Topics: Cobwlggerwlf he's golntr
to spend his vacation there again thla
summer there must be something nice
about the rlace.
Merrltt There la, but he wouldn't tell
me her name.
Chicago Record-Herald: "There must be
a good many automobile 'enthusiasts in
this town," said the stranger.
"There are," replied the hotel keeper,
"but what made you think there were?"
"As 1 came In on the train I aaw your
cemetery. It seems to be full of new
Chicago Tribune: "Outen Morgan," said
the man with the bones, in aa good German
as he could command.
"Wle Gates?" responded the man with
And the band played 'The Man That
Broke the Bank at Monte Carlo."
Judge: "I tell you what, them bunko
mm didn't sit eos ?' rry wnn.y tM
trip," boasted Uncle Silas.
"They didn't heyt" .
"No, alree. float my pocketbook on the
way to town an', they wasn't nothln' fer
'em ter git"
Chicago Newa: Her Father Have you
any prospects of being able to support my
daughter In the style in which she ia ac
customed? Suitor Sure. I may say in all confidence
that everything in that direction is al
together in the prospective.
HONI SOIT QXI MALj Y PENSE.
K. 8. Martin In Kansas City Star.
It waa my happy lot to meet
Upon a late occasion.
While seeking of the summer's heat
By visiting a resort
Of fashion where, nd matter
A maid whom there was none to court,
And very few to flatter..
Her bead had not the graceful poise
Of Aphrodite's statue;
Her hair reminded you of boys;
Her nose was pointed at you.
A derby hat, the selfsame sort
The fashionable' male owes
Money for, she used for sport
As angels do their halos.
She seldom walked In silk attire,
But commonly In flannel:
Not yet In oils did she aaplr
To figure on a panel.
Because she could not help but see
She was not tall nor slender:
Nor did she deem her curves to be
Some prudish damee did her abuse
With censure fierce and scathing,
Because she happening to lose
Her stocking while in bathing.
Deemed such a lose of little note,
And simply tied the plagued
Stocking round her little throat
And reappeared barelegged.
I do not think that for the velf
Of eligible boobies.
Or for the chance to deck herself
With dlamonda and rubles.
Or for her standing in the books
Of prim and proper ladles.
Or for their disapproving looks
She cared a hoot from hades.
Though competent to hold her tongue
When clroumstance demanded
Speech, she was, for one so young.
She sang the vulgarest of songs,
Which sung by her were funny.
And never brooded o'er her wrongs
Nor hoarded up her money.
Tie true this carelea damsel's fame
At last grew somewhat shady.
But If the man disposed to name
Her fast, or not a lady.
Will In the present writer's way
This writer thinks that person mar
Oet punched upon his noddle.
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